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October 2, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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October 2, 1920

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1920. II ,I, n* .. ! t,i %! :if/ '!ii 5: %,:i/ 2!i /' ', ) ii?00>i ' :; :7 @ i'!i , ?; F : r . ' II:! Published WeekiF by ThE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock 309 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as eecond-e]ass matter March 21, 1911, at tim poatofflc# at Little Rock, Ark.. nder the Act of Congress f Marcl 3, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $2.00 THEYEAR uess of tinle tllrough His Son and the apostles apl)ointed by l[inl, so St.. Jerome was to the Latin Church, for a tllousand years, quasi the sole voucller of what God had spoken to the world. At'ter St. Jerome's Version had been en- (lorse(1 1)y the gener;ll use in the Clmreh for a thousand years, tile Council of Trent, with 0 Adar. higllcst authority, pronounced it; as authentic; When a elmnge of address is desired the subscriber should i[ive that is, as agreeing in all essentials of faith and ioth the old aad the new address. Ca, morals with tlle original copies as they issued lgattr intended for lublieation in The Guardian should reach not later than Wednecday morning. Brief news correspondence is l:I'Onl the hands of tile inspired writers. This appreciated.alway' welcome. The,kindnens of the clergy in thi matter is cordially de(:hu'ation (lid by no means imply that the V'r Ro. A. St.eker. O. -. B.. V. V .................. Edttor-ln-Chia Vulgate, as it existed then, was faultless, qn! ReD. Edward A. Flannery ......................... Contributing Eitor the contrary, together with the declaration of Ray. Gee. H. McDermott ........................ . .... Managing Editor All ommunications about "The Guardian" should be addressed to its authenticity the Council urged that the Vul- tl Rev. Gee. H. McDermott, 309 We.t Second Street. OFFICIAL APPROVAL 'ate be revised. This revised edition went The Guardian Is the of Seial organ of the diocese Of Little Rock, 'oI'th fronI tlie Vatlean Press, under the patron- end I pray God that it may be art"earnest champion in the cause of age of Pope Clement VIII, in the year 1592, tight, jtmtire and truth and an ardent defender of the religion which we all love so well. I extend/to it my blessing with the sincere hope and has remained stereotype fronl that date to lat it career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, ! --B.ihop of Little Rock. e16 Little Rock, Ark., October 2, 1920. I. , / Recite the rosary daily during October. / .o-o Church its new Codex Jm'is and so ninny other Next to the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, the astounding lflessings, Pius X, of blessed mere- Rosary is the most universal and the most the present day. However, nobody ever thought that the Clefimntine edition, the revision of 1592, repre- sented the identical text of St.. Jerome. Hopes had been cherished for centuries that a still: more thorough revision might improve the value of the Vulgate. It took that practical 'enius of marvelous boldness, who gave the popula r devgtion of the Church. fl)-o The Rosary is an affectionate meditation, simple and easy, on the virtues of the Blessed Virgin and makes for her a'pIace in our Catho- lic lives.  O-O . With red blooded Americans like Walsh of Massachusetts, Walsh of Montana and Phelan of California holding seats in the nited States Senate, Tom Watson, the "polecat politician" of "Cracker" Georgia, will have trouble in put- ting his "stuff" over. ,o-o / ory, to start a work that had been waiting for its man three hundred years. In 1907 Plus X entrusted the task of revising the Vulgate to the Benedictine Order. It is a gigantic task and will take decades of years before it is fin- ished. Unfortunately the war has paralyzed that undertaking like so many others, but the Benedictine Orde r has not forgotten its trust. The aim will be to reproduce, with all the means of modern scholarlshi p and with the expendi- tures Of millions, tlie original text of St. Jerome's translation as it proceeded trom his hands. That done, we have so much that we know wllat sense a great Hebrew scholar found in Anatole France, the gay French stirist, was original copies that were older than any we . in deadly earnest when he said recently, "Europe is dying The war has brough vic- tory to the Allies as crushing to thenl as the defeat is to the Germans. In some places the war is blazing still; in others it started new conflagratiofls. In many instances the suffer- ings of whole peoples surpass the darkest days of the war. All Nations feel added economic burdens; some are breaking under them. It is Europe now that is the 'sick man' of the world. And peace has not, brought its balm." And Sir Philip Gibbs, the noted Catholic writer, admits that "Europe is very sick. Aus- tria exists 6n charity alone. Germany is, of course, ruined. Russia is 'one great Empire of misery.' Poland is plague-stricken and war- swept. France mourns 1,000,000 of her hes brains and bodies dead, with a birthrate 220,000 lives lower than her last year's deaU rate. England, so envied by the shattered Continental Nations as the winner of all the war pltizes, has, to be sure, an increased Empire. []ut even England's debit column is beggaping." O-O ( TItE FIFTEENTtI CENTENARY OF $7'. JEROME. On the 30th of September of this year it will be 1500 years since the death of St. Jerome at Bthlehem Palestine. lie was one of the four great Latih Doctors of the Church, the others being St. Ambrose, St. Augustine and St; Greg- 'cry the Great. Though he was no mean de- fender of truth against heretics, nor without merit as a biographer and writer of epistles on ' ascetical subjects, his .main fame rests on his achievements as a Biblical scholar. When secretary ,to Pope Damasus, i he re- vised, at the latter's request, several books of the existing Latin version of the Bible. Soon l after the death of Damasus (384) St. Jerome went to the Holy Land and took up his abode at Betlflehem. There it was where, between 390 and 405, he translated the whole Old Testa- ment from the original lIebrew into Latin. Latin translations of the Bible had been in ex- istence from the earliest days of Christianity; but by the end of the fourth century so many divergencies had arisen that no two copies I agreed. To this confusion St. Jerome brought I an end by his translation. , , I Naturally,-. it took some time, however, before I his translation found universal recognition in the' Church. That it did find such recognition l eventuMly, is attested by the very name given' toit, viz., the Vulgate, that is the version in l general or common use in the Ctmrch. Already' St. Augustine spoke of his 'contemporary, St. , Jerome, as a very learned scholar, well versed in three languages (Latin,. Greek and Hebrew), ii: whose translation of the Bible was endorsed as i' .... -" 1 by the Jews. faithfu .even :?:::: 'The greatness of St. Jerome dawns on us when we consider, that over a thousand years, when even th learned men in the Church were I !: ',:, not in a position to go back for comparison to !;:!': the Hebrew and Greek original the word of :'::,, this man was the standing oracle on the Church " af God. As God spoke in ancient times tltrough ] ':i:: the patriarchs an(l prophets, anti in.the fun -I at present. Thus the Vulgate, once re- duced to its original sbape, will take rank with or exceed in scientific value even the olddst no' extant manuscripts of the originals. Cardinal Gasqu(t, in his artMe on the Vulgate in the Catholic Encych)pedia, quotes Richard Bentley, the great scholar, who as long ago as 1716 saw the importance of St. Jerome's translation. He says: "'Twas plain to me that when that copy came first from the great Father's hand, it must agree exactly with tile n mst authentic Gr,eek (and Hehi:ew)exemplars, and if now itcould be retrieved, it would be tile best text and voucher for the true reading out of several pre- tended ones." In calling the attention of our readers to this memorable centenary we have wished to com-I ply, in our hunfllle way, with a request of the] Holy Father of Which we were reminded by the Fortnightly Review of September 15, where the editor says : "The Holy Father desires tlmt the fifteenth centenary of the death of St. Jerome be commemorated throughout the Christian worhi by conferences and publications apt to (;all the attention of Catholics as well as non- Catholics, Orientals as well as Occidentals, to this eminent Doctor of the Church, his life and n'itings." S. .O-O EUROPE STILL 1N TH E PANGS OF , HUNGER. It is not an easy thing for man to maintain a heroic attitude for a long time. During the war, which for us Americans was not half as long as for the Europeans, we nmnaged to brace up our soulsfor extraordinary efforts. But we were glad when tile war was over, not only, for altruistic reasons, but also because we commenced to feel the weight of its burdens. Our dreams of 1918 that the world would soon return to nornlal conditions have unfortunately not been realized. We have had.a prolongation of war effects in our midst; and above all have the peoples of Europe, espeeially, the van- quished, seen their worst days since the armis- flee of ovember, 1918. Anmhg the vanquished the sewn.est visitation has fallen on Austria, and in Austria, on the city of Vienna. Much has been done 1)y both Catholics and non-Catholics of this country. "Yet," as we read in an article of America (September 18), "the aid heretofore given has relieved only part of the awful misery. At tlie suggestion of ]'ope Benedict a special relief colnmittee was formed very recently in Vienna with two former Papal Nuncios at its head. Representatiw's Will be sent .to every country of ltle worht to solicit aid in preventing a great catastrophe this winter. 'Here of all the places tion from these horrid pictures. They are apt to conjure up resolutions of sacrificing some cherished contforts in order to succor those who are in extreme need. "We have so nmch to contend against at home,' 'yousayl But have r , ' , ! " 3ou suffe]ed lnmger, have your chfl(h'en cried l'or bread ' which you could not give thenl: ihel( .ue so man) beggars aPi)ealing t!rom all sides," you say. That is true, and more- over you have to reckon with a number of church and diocesan collections, which it would not be right for you to evade. But (o you take !nto consideration that the number of beggars is caused by a rea/ly dismal world situation, the like of which has perhaps never been be- fore? As we said in the beginning, it is not easy to be heroic for a long time, when the denmnd for sacrifices keeps on accumulating from year to :ear. It is easier to shnt the ear to the cries: of despair that are rising on all sides! But is i also human, is it Christian? As to the starving children of Vienna, we should remember that in the days when Cath- olicism was struggling for existence in this country millions of dollars came from that same city of Vienna to aid our pioneer efforts. Says QUESTION ]s Grace a saint +'mme2 Esteban Muri the painter of Yes, il/is the anglicized form of )tion. Born a widow whose memory is still ven, December 31, 1( lter feast day is May 1. after the dogm Conception was .. for that couni Can a u, idow receive nuptial bless seems to hdve be If she has received the nuptial ble.' the fiestas wh first marriage she cannot receive it native town be end. Though she may not receive was certain: blessing she amy be married at a time and enviro on those days which the Rubrics the purity an is reflected in Is a priest allowed to say of his paintiv server? SY within the con A priest is permitted to say Mas ad beloved Madri, ties he set off on when he is obliged by precept !dy the great mast when Mass must be celebrated to cor farther than Sevilh Viaticum or to allow the people to : iot, Velasquez secu !obligation on Sundays or holy day :es of the royal he had an opporh in the world,' wrote l)r. Guilday (of tile Catho- lic Univc!'sity of Washington, who nmde a re- ent trip to Europe), 'can the real horrors of the war be seen. Ninety-seven per cent of the w)ung girls of fourteen cannot live because of the mahmtrition of the past five years.' In an institution of:tt/ Sisters of Charity he saw 'row after row of little beds on which were dying hildren, slowly wasting away.' " ' on mission also have the privilege Works of Titian, V Mass without a server when none c and Rubens, as the article in America: "From 1829 to 1865 the D  - telastuez himself. ,o we know from the Bible that t ! Seville in 1644 city of Vienna, now in such dire need, fathered vir9in was married to Saint Josepi to Cadiz to paint : a general collection for the Church in" the " Once, in 1681, United States. 'Think of it,' writes Dr. Gull- ]in the Gospel of Saint Luke we rt luchins which he day, the'historian, 'millions of dollars sent by Angel Gabriel was sent from God i t fall from his seal the Leopoldine Association in those years to of Galilee, called Nazareth, to a virgi  illness--authorit to a man whose name was Josenh, o acoeunts---caused build our churches, our orphan asylums, and o[ David and the name of the b ..... , our schools!' Most of our dioceses were aideff ' "  . 'edly to Seville, w by that association." Now then, when we are M ary?'' We also read in th Gosl ? rmz perm ox s well on our feet mgl Vienna is in an agony of Matthew that ,{ary was espoused- the national pa: physical distress, does not conuon decency de- and she is called his wife. The Lhere all sentime nmnd tlmt we succor her with generosity even among the Hebrews was a solemn in that of i religi at the expense of personal sacrifices? marriage, made before, witnesses and',|, a_,l., exceptionreligi'USof paina fe Besides the people of Vienna are our breth-  ere considered legally husband and%me 'enre pieces, ren in the faith. We hear it so often said these break an espousal required the Salilture'of his is kn days that non-Catholic agencie's in Europe use as a divorce. Besides telling us tht_laStinct and gift o] the bait of nmterial help for proselytizing pur- espoused to Saint Joseph we read hra to treat many -- ,r ...... ,',,  atl!rativ6s and these l 2-klltel sala o dosepll: /ear no w, Whi - -w tha  poses. Could e be severe ii our judgment on the ," ca she s e Mary, Shy  fie, for that which the true langu the poor Viennese, exhausted with hunger and in her is of the Holy Ghost." true suffering for ),ears, if they had not strength the languag enough to resist such a temptation? It is with- among these in our possibilities and within our duty to res- If the decrees of Constantine  Son" of the cue them from that temptation. Let the people does ot that set aside the claims treated the th of Viemm know that there are Catholics, too, in to temporal power? Conception me: Anierica who have a heart for their misery. While it is generally admitted without ever r.el Finally, you say, I would gladly give a dollar tals of Constantine, now called ever wearylI now and then or a quarter or a dilne', which I Decretals," are forgeries, the c/alto t Madrid, six at best known is could save by foregoing a s,uperfluous cofiifort, to temporal power does not others are scatS, but how can I get it there? To whom shall I genuineness of these decretals. ,of Europe. / send it? Perllaps the mgst convenient tddress tartans exaggerate the importance doctrine of tl for us in, this section of the country is Central' olics' attach to these decretals. )tion natural] Tna](e . representatio Bureau, Telple Bldg., St. Louis, Me., whicl is, it appear that the fhbric of a Catholic centre of distribution to the hunger- ing depend upon their ThewaS'pictorialthe the stricken populations of Europe. Any particu- not in any "ay effect an ess, been deter lar wish as to where the benefaction is to go will ecclesiastical discipline, nor do eutlines, by a be conscientiousl carried Franciscan monk for the reliability out by that Bureau, apologists in our day attempt to of which the present writer right of the Pop to temporal and many ex " among earlier can vouch. Old clothes, which ,are a very. .these decretals, iL.(i: precious article of charity, may be sent there, terest to American too, and will be forwarded from there without Does the new marriage law ma ll-size mosaic e, ;11 t famous .treatm further expense to the donor. S. tory for a Catholic young coupte tal, .... , o-o . the_ ,olcmh espousals?, t ['-i'ictncepun'xv and thtl GRACIOUS TRIBUTE. : It is the wish of the Church that,,its kind to come -------- . espousals sh)uld precede the mar t' is to be placed ..... . ,.g. the National Sh Canonization of Mother Seton draws tribute tins always been the practice in ta  .. tri6s T1 onceplon a to Ronmn Curia and its methods by leading cause they lessen the danger of a :a te'famous wo American journa/: , m Church urges these eSlrsit The mos rmge by giving greater deliberatiO,i MOTHER SETON'S CANONIZATION. ASKED BY THE tract. It also protects the betroth A.,muc^sr rrmmcr, injustice of an unfaithful partner. NTLITLI.IE t The recommendation now made by the hier- Chureh advises it, there is no stri_  UTOLIC Clt archy of the Roman Catholic Church in the for Catholics to make the engage the United States that,Mother Seton be canonized in writing. 'O'nnell, is not the first step in that direction. Forty j iancipator. years ago the Archbishop of Baltimore started Can any other church but our c. News Servi, a movement to put the founder of the American to be Catholic .... Sisters of Charity on the roster of the saints. It would require a great stretch ! Catholic emanci Otticial inquiries were condncted ih Baltimore the story of the and the.results of them have been in Rome tion to apply the term Catholic of Daniel O'C since ]9]]. It is the same dlstingafished church. The term Catholic first Irishn churchman, Cardinal Gibbons, who now ex- understood to apply to that tlitical power t presses, to Rome the unanimous request of the wile claim the Pope as their neglected mas American hierarchy that the canonization be Tn the early centuries there was a,  F,cing the granted. , ing: "Christian is my name, of the Briti: / Mother Solon has been dead a few months name." Go into a city wlmre of three h less' than a lmndred years. St. Paul's where churches of different den&ninatio s down barrier she as Miss Bayley married William M. Seton, the Catholic Church. You will not: to surmount. and St. Peter's in Barclay street, where she to a Protestant church. Aside Act. i that the Catholic Clmrch is the was born a was received into tile Roman Catholic faith, are is really Catholic, the title of in 177. .;hurches yhich still stand 'and look fit for an- the bar in ;179 othor century or two. The comnmnity of Sis-:belongs to it by the common conS, ters of Charity, " "  ples. oftpenal legi which Mrs. Seton found t  already a necessary to train because Napoleon foil),de i ade in the tlm emigration of the French Sisters. detailed In reading Shakespeare I freqteries of remedial to the work, lms grown from a score to many word "rood.'" To what does it re1:' the Catholic thousands. "Rood" is an Ano'lo-Saxon WoOl':CaShlies were, in , o ,1, .*." r. "S$ ied on a level with "'l'llt l't, .,u . It would be ,Iteresting if the, first North cross, applied to the found in :,,ut they were st American sainthou]d be a New York wanton; with the prefix Holy is ll  arliament, fro but, even assmning that the canonization of some churches. More genera . from the : Mother Seton will cventua]]v come, there is no large cricifix with the statues litary ofaces A !lia 0 Connell pro isted, should d !tas favors, but a: means of knowing, or even conjecturing, when  it 'ill come. Romemoves deliberqtely and: after its. own way. It is nearly three centuries since the Jesuit missionaries Jogues and Bre- beuf found an end of their years of zeal and privation in martyrdom the horror of which makes pale the annals of the Colisetpn; neithdr hs yet ;reached his place on the list of, the s,unts.--(The Sun and New York Herald, Sep-' Virgin and St. John, which in tli the Middle Ages was placedovri to the choir, or else on a galiery,f a beam spanning the arch'Of !:, , / qnere it could he seen from near  4earance the church. OceIlsionally roods Jilearance on th, side of a church, or as churehyaral: 100. he ' - ll..]llltt . _ dem crosses. By the tlfirteenth or flUnion, which Ireland's fury the Great Rood or Crueifxfd se Wester: t Let us not turn away the eyes of our imagina- tember 0.) , almost every church in . tid that Ca' ..... ' ........ ' ' ..... ,. "/d": :: !',: . "7 ;, : ",. ! ': ' : ":, ' '! .... ' ," ' ': " '.* .' : ,  / " ' '  "  ' ' " " ' i " : i .4' ::' , ,) ......  ....... , .......... , ..... , ........ },, ........ ........................................................... , , ................. , , ........ . , (i,.,,., ';?'":"',:,,,s:;'% ..',:. :':';,'",,:;,. L,.* : , ,," :,' ?'::,," ,.,4,',,' ,.', :,:,:,' .,,,, ,, (.:: ;,:', %: ,.., : . : ,:;:, :, : " ...... .,,:,.. ,.,,., , ....... . ..... -' .%,,., ,,; ;. ,, v! ,: , ,,., ....  . .... ,;., ,. , ,; . ',%:, / ;.