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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
October 1, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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October 1, 1943

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PAGE FOUR 'IHE GUARDIAN, OCTOBER 1, 1943 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Dloc6se of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/s WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Llttle Rock. Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justice and truth and an ardent defamder of the religion we all love so well. I exte to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY. Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager. and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, S09 West 2nd, Telephone dSS SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Little Rock Council, No. 812 2;1.00 Paragould Council, No. 1713 Fort Smith Council. No. 996 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ....................................... 17,00 Blythetlle-Osceola Council, No. 2857.-. Texarkana Council No. 2650 .... .2 ..... Pin- Bluff Council, No. 1153 .............. Stuttgart-Slovacgown Council, No. 27S0-- Jonesboro Council, No. 1702 ............ Helena Council, No. 1770 ................................................ 17.00 OCTOBER !, 1943 "If by liberty of the press, we understand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety of public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but if it means the liberty ot M- tronting, calumniating and defaming one another, I own myself willing to part with my share o[ it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheerfully consent to exchange my liberty ot abusing others for the privilege ot not being abused myselL"--Franklin. ENLISTING THE LAITY All priests who have been successful in making converts insist upon the necessity of enlisting the co-operatlon of the laity in this work, Their unanimity arises from the fact that the Church finds her most direct approach to the non-Catholic world through our Catholic laity. The Church received a divine mandate to convert all man- kind. Our non-Catholic neighbors need her blessings desper- ately. But because ignorance and prejudice blind many to her true character, they dismiss her without a fair investigation. Even those who wish to make an unbiased inquiry do not knowhow or where to begin. Our greatest task is to get them to study the claims of the Church and to make this as easy as possible. Many of the ordinary means of instruction and persua- sion are either closed to us or are very limited in their pos- sibilities. The daily press certainly does not spread Cath- olic doctrine. The radio carries Catholic programs, but a dras- tic censorship prevents our saying all that should be said. Our books, pamphlets and periodicals usually reach only our own people. Inherited suspicion/social custom and a dozen other factors create a huge barrier between the Catholclergy and our separated brethren. Our simplest and most direct means of contact with these souls is through the Catholic laity . Catholics mingle with them continuously, and share all their interests. The Catholic laity penetrates every class of society, x They participate with non- Catholics in civic, social and professional affairs, and wth them are closely associated in office, shop and factory. The Ca- tholic layman is always at hand, arid can be approached easily. With him the non-Catholic discusses his problems and to him puts his questions. Through long associatiofi he may have come to respect some Catholic, even though he may be op- posed or totally indifferent towards the Catholic religion. The Catholic laity must utilize these contacts. Of course, prudence must accompany their zeal. But until our people are awakened to their obligations and opportunities in this matter, the num- ber of our converts will continue to be negligible. John Moody, the distinguished convert is the latest and strongest critic of Catholic alpathy in this regarl. He wrote recently: Too many lay Catholics seem to go through life tacitly assuming that, if a man is not a Catholic, he never will be one . . I do not remember that any Catholic to whom I broached the subject (of religion)displayed any particular interest, or seemed anxious to help me. There are particular duties that God asks an individual layman' to perform. What these are will be determined by his station in life, his talents, and his opportunities. A Chester- ton can write books. Lesser apostles cein'read and distribute them. A Goldstein will speak on street corners.- Others will have a more modest audience. One man can invite "a non- Catholic to a Catholic service. Another can point out a magazine article of importance. The point to be realized is this: non-Catholics know the Church mainly through the Cath- olic laity. If Catholics do not utilize this opportunity and do not recognize any obligation to make converts, the aposto- late to non-Catholics will scarcely succeed. and fathers working most of the time, there is no one to take care of them. Children are being deprived of that family companionship so necessary during their formative years. Character is not being shaped as it should be, and the benefits of home religious training are denied them be- cause parents are too busy doing what they think is their part to win the war. Children are left free to roam the streets at all hours, a prey to every kind of mischief, while parents are either working or are too tired to be concerned with their whereabouts. Proof of this can be seen in the steady increase of juvenile delinquency in any of our large cities. Drastic measures have had to be taken by the Courts simply because parents have neglected to perform their God-given duty. A judge of the Circuit Court recently ordered a woman who was seek- ing divorce, to quit her job and stay home with her three small children. Her husband said that their marriage was happy until his wife went to work. The home has become a house, a place to sleep and eat; no longer is it a place of comfort and relaxation where all the members of the family spend their recreation together. It certainly is false patriotism on the'art of mothers who have children to train to go into war industries. Any victory that is won at the expense of broken families is an empty one, for a country is strong only insofar as its families arestrong. It cannot be denied that the future of 6ur country de- pends on the children of today. Any American who loves his country will see to it that his children will be prepared for the task that lies ahead of them. Consequently, a mother will do more for her country in the war effort by staying home to rear good, honest citizens with high moral stand- ards than by building planes, tanks or ships. ACADEMIC FREEDOM The National Educational Association goes on record as favorable to academic freedom. This is a matter of which much has been heard in late years. It has provoked wrang- ling in meetings of teachers and educators and has been dis- cussed without end. When agreement seemed to have been reached no one appeared to have any clear or definite under- standing of what is meant by academic freedom. This leaves the subject still open to discussion and controversy. The teachers and educators who are members of the Association declare in favor of a free presentation of dif- ferent points of view on controversial questions. This is fair enough if that were all that some  educators ask in the name of academic freedom. A free plesentation of dif- ferent points of view upon controversial questions is valuable as a means to arrive at a definite conclusion. When an educator goes further and presents as demon- strated facts matters that are controvertle, and claims the right to do so in the name of academic freedom, he is taking an unfair advantage of his position as a teacher. He is telling his pupils that something is an ascertained truth which may not be true. As an instance, there are educators who insist upon presenting as a demonstrated truth the very doubtful hypothesis of evolution. There are other subjects which are not controversial and cannot be presented as themes for controversy in a class room. There are subjects which the educator must present dogmatically as the multiplication table is presented. There is no academic freedom which admits the presentation of points of view that are destructive of truth. It may be noted that many who are loud in demanding academic freedom mean freedom to attack in the class room revealed, religion and accepted standards of morality. This is the academic freedom to which objection has been right- fully and vei'y properly raised. In state institutions, sup- ported by taxes paid by all, an educator may not present a point of view that is subversive of the religious beliefs and moral codes of those who pay his salary. That religion is barred from tax supported educational institutions does not argue that religion may be directly attacked. Like every other freedom, academic freedom has its limitations. The more I see of the world, and the more men I meet, or books I read, or questions I answer, the more I come back with increased conviction to those places where I was born and played as a boy, narrowing my circles like a bird going back to a nest. That seems to me the end of all travel, and especially of the wildest travel, to get home. --G. K. Chesterton. The Song of Bernadette, .:. FALSE PATRIOTISM Hundreds were cured st the spring. ' BARON MASSY was thunderstruoR by the Emperor's War has many Iong-lastlng and far-reaching results, not telegram. But he bad no alternative. He ordered the the least of which is its effect on the family. This most ira-, grotto opened. And tens. of thousands poured into Bernadette was.called to the vicarage. portant foundation ,0f the nation's structure runs a risk of ruin unless members of each individual family realize the dangers and earnessly strive to overcome them. A time of war necessarily places a strain on the family; sons and daughters are serving in the Army, Navy or Marine Corps, fathers are required to work longer and harder, and now even mothers are being called to work in factories. All this may seem necessary, but consider the position in which it places the children of our nation. With their older brothers and sisters away from home, and their mothers # QU 00-'TION- BOX . .4g,... Notice--It is important that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped snvelops. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. How Do Greek Uniat CathoBcs Differ From Roman Catholics? They are called Greek Uniat Catholics from the fact that they are in communion with the Holy See, and, consequently, can not dif- fer from Roman Catholics in any way in faith or morals. In matters of discipline there are some differencesfor example: Mass is celebrated according to their 0wn rite, Holy Communion is administered to the Laity under both species, and in Holy Eu- charist leavened bread is used. Is there such a thing as a justi- fiable anger? Did our Divine Lord ever get angry? Anger is not of itself morally evil, but may be at times a high moral force in the form of vir- tuous indignation, called 'just" anger. It, however, needs re- straint as it can easily become inordinate and lead to a purpose of revenge or pass into hatred and it is then a vice. The ardent ra- tional desire to visit upon the guilty a just retributio is a lawful sentiment of anger. To be legitimate, anger must, be (a) Just as to its object, seek- ing to punish only those that de- sire punishment, and only in the measure in which they have mer- ited it: (b) Tempered by modera- tion in 'its execution, going no further than the offense demands and adhering to the requirements of justice; (c) animated by mo- tives of charity, not degenerating into sentiments of hatred, but aiming solely at the restoration of order and the amendment of the guilty. If any of these cori- ditions are lacking, there is moral guilt. Yes, Christ did get angry. He was roused to anger in the "just" sense against the money changers whose traffic defiled His Father's house. The account of this may be read in John Chap. 11, 13-17. In time of war is it permissible to carry on air raids In which in- nocent people are almost sure to be killed? The war itself must be permis- sible, that is, it must be a just war. Briefly the conditions for a just war are: it must be de- clared by the proper authorities; it must be necessary in the last resort after all other efforts to maintain peace have failed; there must be a grave and just reason for declaring the war; the me- thod of conducting the war must be just; there must be a reason- able chance for success that will compensate for all the evils en- tailed by the war. It must not be prJtracted after due satisfac- tion has been given. Now in a just war air raids on fortified towns, barracks, places of shelter for the forces, muni- tion factories, are permissible, but reasonable care ust be taken, if possible, though usually this is im- possible, to spare the lives and property of non-combatants. In- discriminate air raids on non- combatants to sap the morale of a people and on places of no mili- tary significance, are morally wrong. Air raids as reprisals taken merely as an act of ven- geance or on defenseless places or persons, in no way connected with the war, are entirely un- justifiable. 1 * * * Is it possible for a soul that is sent to Purgatory to be con- demned to Hell at the General Judgment? A soul consigned to purgatory at its particular judgment is de- stined for heaven after it ,, has satisfied God's justice for the temporal punishment due to sins. Only a soul in the state of grace can enter purgatory, where it can no longer sin, since its time of probation is over at death. Only souls dying in mortal sin are con- demned to hell. Why do Protestants use the , word "which" instead of "who" in the Lord's prayer? Because they have taken the prayer from different English translations of the New Testa- ment. The Catholic version uses "who" as the relative pronoun; the Protestant version uses "which." In our days, the pro- noun "which" is reserved rather for things than for persons. As used in the Protestant version of the "Our Father" therefore, it is obsolete. But its use as a person- al pronoun instead of "who" was quite correct at the time the Pro- testant translation was made. It is a correct form of old English used at the time by both Catholics and Protestants. Quite a com- 'mon expression in Chaucer is such a phrase as "The Abbot which was a holy man." Protestants use an obsolete form but it was quite correct when the translation was made, and is intended even now in a perfectly correct sense. No Protestant has any idea of regard- ing God as a thing rather than a person by his use of the word "which." If  you don't go to your parish church, I am told, you have to contribute to it anyway. Is that a fact? Why shouldn't I/give to the church Where I go? The law of the Church requires that we support our pastor, he priest whom the Bishop has placed over us to look after our spiritual welfare. It does not say that we are to support some- body's else's pastor. Our obliga- tion and loyalW are due to our parish priest, and our public wor- ship and fulfillment of the com- mandments of God and the Church are to be carried out in our own parish church, among our own community or parishioners, not somewhere else. There is no objection at all to your helping some other priest or some other church, but our first obligation is to our own parish and our own pastor. Will you please tell me what is meant by Solemn Benediction? Does it not mean the Benediction is given with three priests taking part, namely, a celebrant, a dea- con, a sub-deacon? No. Solemn Benediction oc- curs when the Ostensorium or Monstrance is used. This is the large vessel which is usually used at the Exposition or Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. We speak of Solemn Benediction to Private Benediction which hap- pens when the blessing is given with the Ciborium, that is to say, with the vessel containing the Sacred Hosts, reserwed for ttoly Communion to the people. Are the souls or animals also immortal? The human soul and the animal soul are two entirely different things. The human sou is made for union with a body but does not depend on that body for its existence. It is of such;a nature that it can live by itself and op- erate by mearis of faculties proper to itself. Animal souls are such that they depend on matter both for their existence and their op- erations. Animals are not ca- pable of any operations which transcend the conditions of mat- ter and do not rise above the sen- sitive to the intellectual order. At death their purpose is fulfilled and hence they cease to exist. Lourdes seeking new health and life. Fifteen human beings were cured between one breath and the next. Hun- dreds recovered as incomprehensibly but more slowly ! In the midst of this stream of events Berrmdette lived as though it did not concern her. That men should praise her for the spring of grace and healing was beyond her understanding. '"'" Book = of = the =Month on a Deathly pale, she jumped up . .. bullet that has been shot, Bernadette," he said. "No one can change your course. Listen carefully. The commis- sion's report admits the possibility that you are one chpsen by the powers above. Do you understand what that means? That is the report which is being sent to Rome to the Holy Father himself, and the greatest men of the Church will be watching you for years, nay for decades, and then . ." The dean stopped because his furrowed face was blushinto the roots of his grey hair. "It's hard for me even to utter such words, little one." he went on hoarsely. Thus the months added up nearly to four years. Ann ' "Never would I have believed that the Lord would, have then Bernadette was summoned oce more to the vie- chosen me to speak them. But it's not at all out of the arage. Marie Dominique Peyramale ushered he/" into an question that this girl who sits fading me--how shall I armchair near the fire..'He began tO pace up and down. say it ?---'that you will not be forgotten long, long after Rural Catholic Commi of the South by Rev. Anthony C. S. SB. CONTROLLED What does the about controlled crops? the sincere effort of our Bent to try to solve a problem by trying to crops. Our Government farmer how many acres plant of this and how he could plant of that:) there would not be tion. Basically is that a licy? Basically it does a good idea. The problem should have in some other way. was not with production marketing. We come to tion, must we have Can we expect for the future to sell in a world market at a will make American definitely profitable? The answer is no. case of cotton we see the attempted to peg the pri suing loans at and holding back foreign nations were absorb it at a high resulted in foreign veloping their own tion. A large part of can cotton ex thus permanently dried The same situation regard to other mechanization of other lands and the new sod in Russia, South America before have brought new corn ducts in all types of If government control sary and effective in problem although there ments pro and con, it has little place in farm today, for there are people who don't have eat and wear so there a surplus. To restrict farming is away the base of the cial structure. The its good points and how to get the most out allotment of acreage, program is not and should not be something permanent. We should try to get life on a firm and solid not have to crutches. At the end we shall need tial to tie to. There is! thing--production, food, fibre, fuel and food most of all. No happens to our fiscal that of other countries, there is one wealth that will never That is agriculture. ers thinking between instinctively feel that things are secondary dependent upon the mg from the soil. they mean they that agriculture is and basic. L H Grace is exceedingly to begin that which is forward with it, and tc it. For without it done. All things when strengthened Grace, .which makes in spirit rich in him who is rich in things, humble of ************ * The Song of * Order your copy of * this best seller * direct from The * Guardian * Price ************ .:. BY FRANZ W ILLUSTRATIONS BY Suddenly she kissed the dean's She had understood. Deathly pale, he jumped uP' that can't be," she cried. "I don't wknt it!" The dean put his hand on her head. "one days you will go to the mother house of he Nevers. The rule of the order is beautiful and Peyramale began to pace again "One more sald suddenly. "Of course you'd rather bite Y off than ask a favor of me. But I promise before you leave Lourdes your family will b in the mill on the Lapaca and I'll see that go wrong with them." He held out his huge hand, into which her disappeared. Suddenly she bent over the kissed it. Suddenly he thrust nut his tndex-flner "You are like a all the rest of us are dead . . " (Continued Drawings copyright, 1948; by King.Features Syndicate, Inc. Text copyright 1942 by The Viking Press, Inc. Distributed by King Features Syndicate in so.operation with the Week) I