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September 30, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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PAGE SIX THE GUARDIAN, SEPTEMBER 30, 1938 Sermon of Bishop Duffv 6!he emSel e HtosPe!!enC!!e_._llve H IS!0!eellency, the Most Reverend James A. Duffy, at the Solemn Pontifical High Mass celebrated at St. Mary's Church, where the Rt. Rev. Msgr. William J. Carroll is pastor, in celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of St. Joseph's Infirmary, is given here. Bishop Duffy gives great praise to the work of the Sisters of Mercy at St. Joseph's and the great charity of Father MeGowen who was responsible for the Sisters corn- ing to Hot Springs. "Let men thank the Lord for His mercy And for His wonders to the sons of men; Let them offer sacrifices of thanksgiving And tell with joy what He has done.'--Words taken from 106th Psalm, verses 21 and 22. Your Excellency, Rt. Rev. and Very Rev. Monsignori, Rev. Fa- thers, Venerable Mother Provincial and Sisters, Esteemed Doctors and Friends. Happily privileged are we all to participate in this holy and solemn act of worship and to join in send- ing up to God paeans of praise and thanksgiving together with the Sisters, the Diocese and people far and near who have a warm heart- interest in this 50th birthday "an- niversary of St. Joseph's Infir- mary, Hot Springs. His Excellency, Most Reverend Bishop Morris has been graciously kind in coming to- day to offer this Solemn Mass of thanksgiving as head of the Dio- cese which rightly rejoices in the blessings brought here through St. Joseph's. Were we not now some- what out of season for our (throngs of) visitors from afar many from many parts of the country would be here taking part in this cele- bration. We have reason to be thrilled' with admiration and joy as we find it possible to trace the finger of God in the establishment and growth of St. Joseph's. At the lstart we discover a great and' gen- erous soul in the zealous priest, Father Patrick McGowcn, who donated to the Sisters their first Convent in Hot Springs in the year 1880 and eight years later con- tracted for the purchase of a newly built six story frame structure that had been designed for a hos- pital and which he asked the Sis- ters to conduct. Accordingly on September 14, 1888 Sister Mary Aloysius and Sister Mary Clare were set here from Little Rock to take charge, two Sisters from St. Mary's Convent here in. Hot Springs joined them, and on Sep- tember 24 of that year--just fifty years ago today,--on the Feast of Our Lady of Mercy, St. Joseph's had its d'ed!catory Mass offered by Father MeGowen. Father McGowen had been more or less of an invalid for a long time, though he lived to the age of 82 years. Ordained a priest in his thirty-second year by the illustrious . Bishop England, he made the most of his strength, journeying in this new land as a missionary. If Jubilee anniver- saries had been kept in these parts in those days, he might have celebrated his golden Jubilee, marking fifty years of labor as a priest, on April 17, 1889, seven months before he died. He was beloved of all. He made himself all things to all men that he might gain them for Christ. I can not resist the temptation to quote here the words of the late Judge Mar- tin spoken on the occasion of the New St. Joseph's: "Father Mc- Gowen has not been canonized by the Church," he said, "but in the hearts of those who knew him whether Protestant or Catholic, he is enshrined as a saint." Certainly Hot Springs may thank God for the heavenly inspiration that came to that good priest. His letter to the Mother Superior of the Sisters of Mercy in Little Rock gives refreshing evidence of his faith and zeal and eharity:m i wracking sense of helplessness that often accompanied the Sisters i to the Chapel and' to the foot of the cross. It seems no fortuitous coincidence now that it was on the feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross that St. Joseph's Infirmary was handed over to the Sisters' charge. It was as if they were being reminded that as the suffer- ing Israelites of old were told to look up to that symbolic brazen serpent raised on high and be cured as they looked from the diseases wrought by the serpents of evil which were eating out their very vitals--so the Sisters were admonished in their trials and hardships to raise their eyes aloft to look upon the only Saviour of mankind, Jesus Christ, suspend- ed and dying in agony upon the Cross to make us hate evil and think lightly of the heaviest bur- dens assumed to combat that evil. Before the end of the year 1889 five Sisters had been assigned to carry on the work of the New Hospital. Our federal government alloted to them a share of the healing hot water from the Springs, and many came to St. Joseph's for the benefit of the thermal baths. Without the help which these visitors to the baths supplied it would have been hard- er sledding than it was to carry on at all. As it was 16 years of full service was had from the original frame structure alone, and for twenty-three more years it housed most of the sick patients. even after 1904 when the large brick building fronting on Cedar street was added. We find little with which to reconstruct the history of those thirty-nine years of labor within the wooden walls of brave old St. Joseph's. Most of the pioneer Sisters have died who worked there and have carried the secrets of their struggles away wth them --We do know how pressed for room they became in time and how pitifully unequipped they were to meet the requirements of enlarging their quarters. It is true, Bishop Fitzgerald sym- pathized with them and helped them kindly even while he chided them for not getting ahead and providing for the future. They were not prepared to build in 1903 and he lent them $25,000.00, a loan which he never collected to the day of his death. Nor has good Bishop Morris more heart than he to collect. The first addition was sorely needed to afford' better facilities for surgical operations as well as i to provide good private rooms for frequenters of the baths and a large new bath-house. Thus thirty-fours years ago the Sisters made a new start, happy and poor with an indebtedness of $110,- !000.00. And they were destined to become yet poorer, and, if that was possible, happier in their more extended service. For, twenty years more had not elapsed when imperative need for further ex- pansion was evident. The original structure was by this time de- teriorating sadly, as might be ex- pected from its age. It was indeed collapsing. Part of it had long been condemned and it began to be open spoken of as a fire-trap. A fire did occur on a Sunday morning memorable in H o t Springs, March 1, 1924. While the fire was extinguished in a very short time and confined to one room, it moved the city fathers to meet in council that very Sun- "I write to you to say I have de- day afternoon and decide that the tided to make the Immaculate Vir- I old building must be abandoned gin Mother of GOd (my)heir to and, to make certain, be torn my property here and to give it !down. What a situation that was in charge of the Daughters off or the Sisters! What were they Mercy, to educate girls to revere lto do with their patients? How and honor Our good Lady of the,could they get them and not them Springs: She is indeed the spring alone but also from the old build- whence all merciful graces fiow.!ing, kitchen and dining rooms, Can you then send a few of your i laundry and boiler-room, the daughters to commence the good nurses and the help, all, into the work?" On another occasion he only other building which they said, "The Sisters of Mercy," i had. It would have amounted then "have worked hard in Arkansas; tt a summary eviction, leaving the clergy and people are deeply I hem no choice but to give up indebted to them. In hard and try- [ their hospital work. Thanks to the tng times they taught the children,,  forbearance of the Mayor, Mr the first _vrinciples of faith t. IHarry At. Jones, the. Sisters were Cold is paper and ink and cold!not ous ed, but Sister Mary Ber- my words, and commonplace, as nard was enjoined to do her very I attempt to relate this story of St. Joseph's progress, whereof the principal stages were built upon heroic sacrifices. Good Father McGowen did not know what a burden he was putting upon the Sisters' shoulders the while he had unbounded faith in their piety and fidelity. He could not foresee the helpless and all but hopeless con- ditions in which the Sisters were so often to be placed. God alone knc'vs the hartaches and nerve- best to find a way quickly to pro- vide a suitable plant. From this time on very decid- edly St. Joseph's has suffered from growing pains and from the hard medicine of wrestling with the burden of borrowed money. There was nothing else for the Sisters to do. It was not only that they saw l a new Hot Springs building up rapidly with the finest hotels and bath-houses, threatening to leave them stranded by reason of their St. JosePh's Infirmary, Hol Springs $500,000 Hospital is scene of fiftieth anniversary of St. Joseph's in charge of the Sisters of Mercy. unequal resources for attracting I and accommodating the increasing ! number of Hot Springs visitors. They could hardly expect indeed even to hold their old friends, though I hear some of these good old friends boast today that they have been returning annually to St. Joseph's for from twenty-five to thirty-five years. But it was the collapsing condition and the condemnation of the old structure :hat made it absolutely necessary to build and enlarge their facili- ties, as soon as possible. And this time very daring enterprise was called for. They must meet the demands of a new day. They must not refuse patients. They must make it possible to offer a hospice to all who were seeking just such a home-like rest-house as the Sisters were able to con- duct. But the darkest hour is that before the dawn. God sent an angel in the guise of a very sick lady, a patient under the Sisters care who was most grateful, Mrs. B. E. Sunny, who opened the way to realizing the dream of a New St. Joseph's, that would be not only fire-proof but up-to-date in every respect and a source of pride to Hot Springs and Arkansas. She prevailed upon her husband to take a practical and energetic in- terest in enlarging St. Joseph's. The mere acquisition of the grounds fronting on Whittington Avenue was then a tremendous undertaking for the Sisters, in- volving the expenditure of $77,- 500.00 But Mr. Sunny, with the vision of a successful business- man on a large scale, urged Sister Mary Bernard to lose no time in acquiring the whole half-block and ,gave in 1920 his first check of $5,000 toward the enterprise. This he more than doubled later when tte new building was un- dertaken and he has contir/ued to help not only by his personal checks, but by the interesting others who have donated largely. Another grateful friend of Saint Joseph's, Mr. Charles Pfister, join- ed in encouraging the undertak- ing, subscribing $15,000.00 Mr. and Mrs. T. J. Forschner contributed upwards of $8,000.00 The greatest single helper was undoubtedly the late Mr. Festus Wade, Sr., who. while he was in the business of lending money to Catholic institu- tions, proved to be a wise as well as an energetic promoter. Through his instrumentality a $26,000.00 subscription was obtained from the Missouri Pacific Railway Com- pany. Our good Bishop Morris with justifiable prudence looked upon the staggering proposal of putting up a new $500,000.00 building with borrowed money skeptically, and, I think, ascribes to the influence of Mr. Sunny his final assent to the venture. Local friends, too, were at first skeptical, but contributed $19,000.00 toward the purchase of the new site. It would not be fair to account Sister Mary Bernard as just a dreamer throughout all this. She was very decidedly a worker. Hers it had been to choose and to try her advisers, hers to accept the responsibility of soliciting ap- proval from her Superiors, hers ice has been given to destitute iatients annually by St. Joseph's, averaging to the year about 6,000 days of hospitalization distributed among from five to twelve poor patients at a time as they have happened to come, remaining for longer or shorter periods accord- ing to need, (the personnel and numbers of needy patients chang- ing from time to time). These fig- ures do not take into account of course the bread lines of which I was an eye-witness of from twenty to thirty daily that were served at breakfast-time, at noon and at supper-time during the lean years. Certainly it has become abundantly clear that from the point of view of Social Welfare alone the great outlay for the buildings and facilities has been amply justified. That patients who are able to pay are charged the customary hos- pital rates detracts nothing from the dominantly charitable char- acter of the institution, but is obviously a quite necessary means of carrying on. For St. Josephs makes no appeal to the public for funds and is not financially en- dowed. Its sole endowment is the consecrated unsalaried services of religious women living plainly and working solely for the glory of God and the salvation of souls. If they toil and stint themselves and make the earnings of the institu- tion go far, that is all to the good. But their aim must be first and foremost and always to do spir- itual good, to minister in the spirit of Christ to the suffering and the disconsolate. There is no measur- ing of this work in figures or in words. But that it is possible to do much charity without statistics and to be realistically public- spirited in a high degree without publicity let the countless with- nesses of the'isters' sewice tell. Why is it that hardly any of those whether Catholics or not who have been entrusted to the Sisters' care ever fail to regard them with a holy esteem and af- fection? And as for the happy Catholics who have been provided with abundant opportunities of re- ceiving Christ's holy sacraments, what will they say? Let us leave it to the patients and to God to make known the spiritual works of mercy that have been wrought during these fifty years at St. Joseph's. Passed over silently even on such days as this usually is the rank and file of the Sisters who in lowly fidelity to their vows: carry on day after day and i through the night the work for which St. Joseph's exists. In their humble way however they are keen to perceive, to value and to emulate the examples of the most devoted in their ranks. We out-i siders catch occasionally echoes of i the unstinted' praise for a Sister I Mary Clare, a Sister Mary Borgia or a Sister Mary Dominica among the departed, and for Sister Mary Scholastiea and Sister Mary Ed- ward still happily with us--and hat reminds me of the important contribution which St. Joseph's has made in its School of Nursing. This has a history now of thirty-: to bear the daily accumulation oflthree years, begun on March 1, worrying details, hers to deal with I 1905, and has a list of 144 grad'u- architect, engineer and contractor I ates, beginning with Sister Mary and builders, hers not only to be I Edward, many of whom are still in the preparation and in the to be found doing their duty moment of decision a brave lead- nobly and very creditably to the er, but truly a slave through years of drudgery. Viewed in the light of supernatural faith it was not drudgery but the intense and in- defatigable Christian devotion of a valiant woman. Catholic Ac- tion in a changing world calls also for this kind of activity. To retrace our steps a little and consider the achievement of the main purpose of all this build- ingmThere was no record of the number of charity patients kept in the old frame structure nor of the cost to the hospital in caring for them. Indeed, until such a record was required by the government as justification for its classifica- tion as a genuine charity, Saint Joseph's recorded hardly more than the names of its charity patients. The Sisters preferred to obey the injunction of Our Divine Lord: "Let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth." But the government requirements di- vulged these facts:that in nine years, from 1928 to 1937, more han $100,000 worth of service had been given to charity patients. ,nd in the last few years, from M2,000 to $15,000 worth of sere- profession. One of them, Miss I Rachel Buffalo, has wlth marked ability superintended the Nurses' School for twelve years. The Sis- ters wish on this day of jubilee to express their gratitude to the doc- tors who have given them such splendid cooperation. They have been truly most generous in giv- ing free medical and surgical treat- ment to charity cases---often also to the Sisters themselves  and they have given lavishly of their time and teaching to the School of Nursing. Impartial as the treatment of the physicians and surgeons by the hospital must be. the Sisters appreciate gratefull the prompt help and the genero- sity and kindliness of the in- dividual doctors who have done so much to make St. Joseph's a success. No claim to complete fulfilment of the ideals and beneficial pos- sibilities of the Sisters' hospital is made here. Helpful as it is to check up at the end' of fifty years and find much to be thankful for it should serve also as a spur tc new life and energy. The provi- dence of God has sown the seed MEDAL STORY JJlr Tim Dsuglibm  Charity gmmitsburg, Md. APOLLINE "Miss Apolline, Miss Apolline!" :alled the nurse. "It is time to get up. Wake up, Miss Apolline." Apolline turned over in her lit- tle white and gold bed. She did not want to get up. "Miss Apolline, it is 8 o'clock," said the nurse again. Naughty Apolline opened her eyes. "Go away," she said. Then she closed her eyes again. The sun was awake and shining in the room. The little bird in the cage was awake. It was singing. "Miss Apolline you shall have no breakfast if you don't get up this minute," said the nurse. Apolline sat up in bed. She rubbed her eyes. She pushed back her golden curls. "You're mean," she said. But she put first one little foot out and then another. She calle d , "Bring me my slippers." Nurse brought the slippers and put them on Apolline's little feet. Apolline said, "I want to wear pink today." "Very well, Miss Apolline. But you must be washed and curlec first." Apolline sat in front of the bil looking-glass while nurse curled her hair. She would say: "No, not that way. It is not so pretty. Now my pink ribbons. No, that bow is not big enough." And nurse would have to do just as Apolline said. When she was all dressed she turned around before the big looking-glass. What did she see? She saw a very pretty little girl, with big blue eyes and long golden curls. She was dressed all in pink, --pink slippers, pink stockings, pink dress and pink ribbons. "How nice I look," she said. "How pretty I am." Poor little Apolline. She was a very proud, vain little girl, but she was very kind hearted, too. She held up her arms to nurse. "I love you," she said. "Let me kiss you." She kissed nurse. Then nurse took her down stairs to breakfast. She sat in the big dining room and ate her breakfast all by her- self. Her father had finished a long time ago. But two servants had been waiting for Apolline: One brought the lovely little break- fast and the other stood behind her chair while she ate. Just as she finished a lady walked in the room. She had cold gray eyes and a big nose. She looked very proud. "Good morning, Miss Apolline," she said. "Are you ready for your drive?" Apolline slipped out of her chair. She made a little bow. "Good morning, Miss Barrette," she said. "Yes, I am ready, thank yOU." Miss Barrette was Apolline's governess. She taught Apolline her lessons. Apolline's mother had been very ill. The doctors had said that she must go away and stay near the sea. Apolline loved her mother very dearly. She was so gentle, so good. Miss Barrette took care of Apolline now. But she was not like Apolline's mother. For and sends constantly new work- ers to care for its growth and to gather the harvest. "One soweth and another reapeth" "I have sent you" said Christ to His Apostles, "to reap that in which you did not labor: Others have labored and you have entered into their la- bors." Yours it is, good Sisters, to participate in the apostolate committed directly and primarily by Our Divine Lord to His Apos- tles and their successors. Your Bishop bids you go for- ward as you began fifty years ago in the name of Christ and His Church. Nothing is more funda- mental, nothing more desirable than that by a certain participa- tion in the ministry of the Church and under her leadership and tu- telage you may labor in public and in private to extend the reign of Christ. Pleased indeed is your Bishop that the people in the city of Hot Springs and throughout the State and many from all parts of the country unite in offering their congratulations and' felicitations to you today. Feebly do I speak for your hosts of admirers and friends, but with all the fervor of my soul I pray that God may bless and increase His favors to you through the years as you re- new your allegiance to His Apos- tolate of Mercy. May Our Blessed Lady, Mother of Mercy, smile on you today! And I like to think that your holy foundress, and good Father McGowen too, are look- ing on today with joy, and sending up powerful prayers for your con- tinued success and to inspire you with new courage and faithful perseverance through the advanc- ing years. she was a proud, vain woman. Poor little Apolline, she was get- ting proud and vain, too. She forgot her prayers. She lost her rosary. But Miss Barrette never talked to her about God or the angels. Miss Barrette was always saying: "Ladies always do this," and "Ladies always do that." Appoline had never liked her very much. But now she found that she did not like her at all. Miss Barrette was mean to poor people. The two walked through the straight. The boys behind the school Apolline picked took it back to the curls were mussed. pink dress all muddY.;. line did not care. cat in her arms. was not at all please so to Apolline. "I shall tell your, said. Apolline shook her 11 "I shall tell him kind. He would have : poor cat if he had been Miss Barette did more to Apolline. home. As soon as they house, Apolline ran ther. He was in his S told him all about thel told him all about the! arms. Her father laughed. her and said, "I am tle daughter is Never mind what beautiful house until they came to says. Now go and the front door. Outside in the drive there was a little pony carriage. It looked like a low square basket without any top. "How nice it is to drive through the country roads," thought Apol- line. She watched the men and women working in the fields, and the boys and girls playing near the country school house. She liked i to hear them laughing at their games. Suddenly, put a clean dress orr the cat to the cook, give it something to And Apolline "Green today, Apolline. "Pale green sash with roses. I have a party this lette is coming and Anne. I want to look Fix my hair now." And nurse washed and dressed Apolline Apolline heard a party. ueer noise. She looked around. She saw a cat. It had a big tin can tied to its tail. The can was full of stones. The poor cat was trying to get away. It was hav- ing a hard time. Near by there were some boys. They were watch- ing the cat. They laughed when it tried to get away. Oh! how angry Apolline was! She stopped the ponies. "But Miss Apollinc, what are you doing? It is only a dirty cat." Little Apolline looked at Miss Barette quickly. She was very much surprised. But she did not say anything. She pushed open the little door and jumped out. She ran over to the poor cat. She picked up the can of stones. The boys were surprised, too. They wondered what the pretty little girl would do. "You mean boys," cried Apol- line. She pulled out the stones. "Take your old stones!" She She waited in the for the other little they came. They nicely dressed as they acted as nicely, "Let us go up said Apolline. And so the four wen* big sunny room played. There were pictures and toys row of books. Big tle books, fat boolO books. But they all There was Cinderella My-Thumb and the and the Little Gray hundreds, yes, ers. For Apolline more than any game her father was alwaYS new ones. And so Apolline and Anne and Violette little bell rang. "That is for the Apolline and the four, threw them one after another at stairs to the big the boys. Apolline could throw (Continued on Style Mart Clot The Smartest Line of Suits We Have Ever for Men and Young 3 Button and Double Models that Are "i Every Detail ' . . * Our Selections of Fi.e, ware Never More 55c and . . * Fortune Shoes BERG HATS A Highly Styled Hat Made Famous by Dobbs. All Dedred Colon. $3.95 Freel Shoes Brogues, Wing T Crepe Soles in the Bark Browns and! Leathers. CHAS. ACKER CLO. 203 MAIN STREET NORTH LITTLE ROCK