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September 30, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, SEPTEMBER 30, 1938 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese af Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/a WEST SECOND STREET nterl as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Idtt Rock, Arkansas, under the act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Uttle Rock and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right. Justice sad truth and an ardent defender of the rellgim we all love so welL I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may bo toup and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS. Bishop of Little Rock EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT REVEREND THOMAS L. KEANY. Ph.D., Editor Assoeiato Editors: Rt Rev. Msgr. James P. Moran, LL. D.; Very Rev. Msgr. $osoph A. Gallagher, M. A.; Rev. Lawrence Hoyt, O S. B.; Rev. James lz.. O'Connell, M. A.; Rev. Patrick M. Lynch, B. A. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Euslnass Manager, and all matter intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at nooh. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST 309/s WEST SECOND STREET Phone 5486 for Advertising Rates SPONSORS OF SERVICES Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas SEPTEMBER 30, 1938 FANATIC ZEAL MOST OF Us will agree with the sentiment of the Presi- dent expressed in one of his speeches this last summer, "We don't want, and are not going to copy, other forms of gov- irnment. Ours is good enough for us." Most of us believe that the governmental and economic system under which America has so prospered, and under which the American people have attained so high a standard of living, is good enough to preserve. While we have all realized certain short- comings in the present system we are not convinced that they give reason for the complete abandonment of the system. We agree that changes are required from time to time to keep pace with diversified economics and with the advancement of science and invention, but we believe that these changes can all be made within the framework of the existing structure and without impairing that system. A dissatisfied element is always in favor of tearing down. There is always present in every society an element that would like to revolt. Eyes opened to abuses ,eyes closed to all that is good in a society. Leaving aside all theological arguments, the Protestant Revolution of the sixteenth century in Germany 'was an excellent example of this. There were abuses in the Church, there was laxity in her :disclpline, Reformation was needed but Revolution was accomplished. The so-called Re- formers iconoclastically attacked the whole system, good and bad. The good far out-weighed the bad. That made little difference to fanatics. Why does such an element succeed} So far as numbers go, they are always a pitifully small minority. But they have the gift of tongues. They have the zeal of fanatics; they ARE fanatics, and thus they are able to wield an influence far out of proportion to their numbers. The satisfied sane majority, opposed by the restless minority, usually does not realize this fact until it is too late. In that puzzling and most interesting Gospel read in late summer in our churches, Our Lord warns against the zeal and enthusiasm of the children of darkness, they are wiser in their generation than the children of light. If we had the zeal of the fanatic there would be no danger in fanaticism. There are some people among us who want to destroy the system of government under which we have grown so great that we are the envy of the world. With fiery eloquence they are seeking to put in its place a system wholly at vari- ance with all our ideals and institutions. With cunning propa- ganda they extol a new system which is maintained in Russia by virtue of a dictatorship, sustained by the secret police and the firing squad, and is commonly known as Cormnunism. In season and out, day and night, they approach the less in- formed, those easily disgruntled, and paint for them an im- possible Utopia. Zealously they seek out that class who be- lieve the proper way to get rid of corns is to amputate the leg, to cure a sinus infection, cut off the head. When that method fails they seek other means. Their zeal cannot be dampened. To overthrow Capitalistic Democracy and institute Communism was difficult in America. The Ameri- cans proved to be such a contented lot. Their zeal was not satisfied. They chose new tactics. They denounced democracy and that did not work, so they began to extend the hand eli friendship, to profess their love for democracy. Wise are, in- deed, the children of darkness. There is an old political slogan, "If you can't lick 'era, jine 'em." Communists finding they could not "lick" democracy, ! have "jined" it. The objective is the same. The old methods failed, new ones have been adopted, QUEEN OF PEACE TH ' E MONTH of October is in a special manner dedicated to the Holy Rosary. This devotion is pre-eminently the prayer of the people adapted alike for the use of the simple and the learned. That this is true is proved by the daily ex- perience of all who are familiar with it. The objections so often made against its "vain repetitions" is feh by none but those who have failed to realize how entirely the spirit of the exercise lies in the meditation upon the fundamental mysteries of our faith. "To the initiated the words of the angelical salutation form only a sort of half conscious accompaniment, a bourdon which we make liken to the 'Holy, Holy, Holy' of the heavenly choirs and surely not in itself meaningless." The word Rosary comes from "rosarium," meaning a garland or bouquet of roses. An early legend is said to have given the name to this prayer. A young monk, wrapt in the recitation of Hail Marys, was observed by one of his brethren as Our Lady came to him in bodily form. As each Hail Mary was said the Blessed Virgin took a rosebud from his lips, weaved them into a garland and placed them upon her head. By Indulgences and the erection of the Archconfraternity of the Holy Rosary, this devotion has received complete ap- probation of the Church. From this Confraternity a number of special devotions have arisen. The "Perpetual Rosary" is an organization for securing the continuous recitation of the Rosary by day and night among a number of associates who perform their allotted share at stated times. The "Living Rosary" was begun in 1826. It consists in a number of cir- cles of fifteen members who each agree to recite a single decade every day and who thus complete the whole Rosary between them. During the month of October Benediction is allowed every day and the Rosary devotion consists in its recitation before the exposed Blessed Sacrament. The Feast of the Holy Rosary falls in this month and this October Devotion is the greatest of the Rosary devotions. A once common practice of reciting the rosary in the family circle each evening is no longer generally observed. It is a great pity. If it is impossible to attend the October de- votions held in church, every family should recite the Rosary daily during this month at home. What greater glory to Our God could be given, what greater honor to Our Queen, what greater blessings would come to a home, than through this family Rosary. In these troublesome times there is not a single Christian home that does not quake with the fear of losing its peace. As war clouds gather, every member of the family cannot but imagine what will be the fate of what is now a happy union of love and understanding." Pope Leo XIII added to the Litany of the Blessed Mother, the Litany of Loretto, the invocation, "Queen of the Most Holy Rosary." Immediately afterwards follows the invoca- tion, "'Queen of Peace." Imagine the strength of the October garland Mary will weave and present to Almighty God with the intention of world peace, if each of us is loyal to the Rosary devotion this month. Imagine the fruit of this autumnal Oc- tober harvest, if each of us would add to the daily Rosary the invocation, "Queen of the Most Holy Rosary, Queen of Peace, give peace to the Christian Family of National" FEASTS OF THE WEEK ] SUNDAY, October 2.--The Holy Guardian Angels. God has charg- ed His angels with the ministry of watching and safeguarding every one of His creatures that behold not His face. Kingdoms have their angels assigned to them and men have their angels; these latter it is whom religion desig- nates as the Holy Guardian An- i gels. The existence of the Guard-] ian Angels is a dogma of the I Christian faith. I MONDAY, October 3.  Saint Gerard, Abbot, was of a noble family in the country of Namur, Belgium. Having been impress- with the fervor of the monks of St. Denis at Paris he desired to consecrate himself to God with them. After 10 years spent in this monastery he was sent by his Abbot in 931 to found an abbey on his estate at Brogne, three leagues from Namur. After spend- ing 20 years in the reformation ]of several monasteries, he shut himself up in his cell to prepare his soul to receive the recompense of his labors. He d'ied in 959. TUESDAY, October 4. -- Saint Francis of Assisi was born in 1182. He was early inspired with a love of poverty and humiliation. Many joined themselves to him and were constituted a religious Order by Pope Innocent III. ' The Order rapidly spread throughout Chris- tendom. After visiting the East in the hope of martyrdom, St. Francis alternated b e t w e e n preaching to the multitude and fasting in desert solitudes. During one of his retreats he received on his hands, feet, and side the prints of the five bleedings wounds of Christ. WEDNESDAY, October 5- St. Placid, martyr, was born in Rome in the year 515 of a patrician fam- ily. At the age of seven his fa- ther took him to the monastery of Subiaco and at 13 he followed St. Benedict to the new foundation (Continued on Page 5) Newman Library One of the finest books we have received since opening and one which the publishers think destin- ed for wide distribution to adult Catholics, as well as youth is "Great Moments in Catholics His- tory," by Rev. E. L. Curran. It is an illustrated book describing in plain simple language the one hundred most memorable events in the rise of the Church. A uni- que educational feature is the Quiz section, containing five hun- dred questions based upon the great moments described in the text. How little, after all, does the average Catholic know about the beginnings, the struggles, the accomplishments and the recent history of our Church. Many bril- :liant volumes have been written about these subjects but so many Catholics who must lead active lives have no time to turn the i pages of these great and learned: works. Neither has the young Words of Encouragement A Common Error. It is a common error--that God sends us trials for their own sake. Looking on pain and trouble as good things is not a sound view. It does us harm by making us think God takes pleasure in see- ing us suffer. " The greatest possible happiness to be got out of life is in the serv- ice of God. God doesn't like to see us cry, even though it is good for us. It pains GOd for me to suffer pain--that is a lovable and true view of God. To think of the Passion of GOd heaping tor- ments on His Son is Jansenist. Way to Perfection. Taking our lives as they are, and being happy in them, is a true way to perfection. Very few crosses are directly sent by God. God permits them, but they come from someone, or something else, or from ourselves---being disap- pointed in something we had aim- ed at. We should cut down our estimate of what God really sends us very considerably. What God Wants. What does He want of me? He wants you to take your life as it is, bearing your trials and disap- pointments as quietly as you can. Empty lamentings over things not being as they ought to be, must be eschewed. The way to make things better is not to be doleful, but happY and cheerful. "Your joy no man shall take from you .... (John xvi. 22) Start Afresh. Our life is as .it is: in that am to find the material for serv- ing God. Supposing even my trials are my own fault really--the-- re- sults of my own actions staring me in the face. If I can't put it to rights, let me be sorry for what is wrong and go on cheer- fully. Start afresh. The service of God is from hour to hour and from day to day. If things are going contrary, it is a pity to be thinking we have great crosses and trials, and bemoaning our- selves; the way to d'o work for God is to be full of happiness. No heart was ever so tender as the Heart of Our Lord; He !couldn't see a person weep with- out wanting to stop their tears. Then how am I to account for my life being so full of misery? Is it all as I think? If the fault is in myself, it is hard to put it all on God. You don't think your temper, for instance, comes down straight from God? God respects our free will. Should we like to be milksops in God's service? Catholic girl or boy in the ele- mentary grades. It has been the aim of the author in writing this beck to fill a real need in the Catholic life of our time. Persons seeing the book in the library have placed orders with us and we will be glad to supply others. The pub- lishers have made it available at a moderate price, $1.25. Q UES TION B OX What is the signification of the small piece of cloth worn by the Priest on his left arm while cele- brating Mass? This part of the holy vestments is called the maniple. Its color matches that of the other vest- ments. It is worn on the left arm between the elbow and the wrist where it is secured by strings I or a pin. Originally the maniple was a handkercheif whose sole purpose was to wipe the prespira- tion from the face of the priest and for drying the hand's so that the other vestments would not be soiled. .It has a symbolic sig- nification now corresponding to the other vestments in relation to the instruments used during the Passion of Our Saviour. It sig- nifies the rope with which Our Lord's Hands were bound together. The maniple is the distinctive mark of the sub-deacon. When a cleric is ordained to the sub- deaconate it is presented to him and placed upon his arm. As it is placed' upon the arm while the priest vests for Holy Mass, the following prayer is said, "May I deserve, O Lord, to bear the maniple of tears and sor- row, that with joy I may receive the reward of my labor." Are prayers szid on rosaries tlt have not been blessed answered? Prayers said on rosaries that have not been blessed are answer- ed, all other things being equal. Indulgences of various kinds are attached to rosaries with the blessing they receive. The good faith of one who said the rosary using an unblessed pair of beads would not supply the indulgences. But we know that God would take into account the good inten- tion and answer the prayer that comes from a good heart and good will What is meant by the Code of Canon Law? Are Copies avail- able? The Code of Canon Law is the body of laws formulated by the Church for the discipline of her members. Copies may be had through Catholic book sellers but they are in Latin. No complete English translation has been permitted, as Latin is the official language of the Church and it is desirable to adhere to it in so important a matter as law. Various corn- mentaries on Canon Law have, however, appeared. Some are ex- cellent. They may be secured through Catholic book sellers. What prayers are said by the Priest when he turns around and holds up the Host just before dis- tributing Conununion to the peo- ple? The priest says, "Behold, the Lamb of God! Behold, He Who taketh away the sins of the world." Then he says thrice, still holding the Sacred Host over the Cibor- ium and standing at the Altar, the prayer, "Domino non sum dignus . ." This prayer translated into English is as follows: "Lord, I am not worthy that Thou shouldst enter under my roof, say but the word and my soul shall be heal- ed." Please explain how the Rosary of the Seven Dolors is recited. This Rosary is divided into seven parts commemorating the seven dolors or sorrows of the Blessed Mother. An Our Father and seven Hail Marys are said for each division ending with three Hail Marys in honor of Mary's tears. The person saying this ros- ary meditates on the seven sor- rows which are: the presentation in the Temple and Simeon's prophecy; the flight into Egypt; the three days loss of the Child Jesus in Jerusalem; the meeting between Jesus and Mary as Jesus was carrying His Cross to Cal- vary; the agony and the crucifix- ion; the soldier's opening of the side of Christ with a lance as Mary stood by and, finally, the burial of Jesus. Who recommended frequent and daily Communion? This question is very difficult to answer. There have been in- numerable recommendations to frequent and daily Communion. It must be remembered that this was the ordinary custom of the early Church. Many works of the early Fathers contain such recommen- dations. In later years the faith- ful became lax and' the early cus- tom was abandoned almost uni- versally. In .recent times Pope Plus X reiterated the recommen- dation made by the early Church and did much toward having this made a general custom. He is often spoken of as the Pope of frequent Communion. Catholic Action-- BY m By Claiborne Lafferty CONTROVERSY Catholic doctrines are constant- ly being attacked It is up to you to defend them. There are no weak spots in the teachings of the Church butthere are weak spots in her members. It is all too fami- liar to see a Catholic worsted in a discussion with a non-Catholic not because the latter has the better of the argument but simply because the Catholic does not know what he is talking about. He has not taken the trouble to find out what his Church teaches and why. It is simple enough to learn. There are countless books papers, magazines and pamphlets issued which explain clearly and concisely the main points on which. we are assailed. Why not read some of them and know the an- swers? You would not sit down to a rubber of bridge with ex- perts and expect to win unless you had brushed up on your game. High cards are not everything, you must know how to play them. In a contest with a non-Catholic you hold the right cards. Learn how to play them and' you can al- ways trump his ace. To-Day's Parable By FATHER STEDMAN WHAT MAGAZINES DO YOU READ? A man approached the Altar Rail for the veneration of the True Cross Relic. Under his arm a magazine notri- ous for its lurid contents. In the name of aU that Jesus lived and died for, how can a church-goer buy and read such magazines? This man was really approaching the altar rail with A CLUB AGAINST CHRIST UN'- DER HIS ARM. You don't want to be seen, nor do you want to see into any maga- zine which 1. Glorifies crime and crimi- nals. 2. Is sexy. 3. Prints indecent Pictures. 4. Carries articles of illicit love. For You 5. Runs disreputable advertis. ing. We can't serve two masters. We can't hope to sanctify our soul while giving it a mud bath in unclean pictures and reading. Bad reading is a step towards bad living. To go to church with a bad magazine either under your arm or in your home, is to ap- proach Christ as one who carries a scourge. What Do You Know? (Answers on Page 8) 1. What is meant by the term Guardian Angel? What is the date of the Feast of the Guardian Angels? 2. What is the word that signifies the inordinate love of wealth, which in itself is a venial sin, but a dangerous one because it so often takes pos- session of a man and leads him into other and grevious sins, and which St. Paul speaks of as "the root of all evils?" 3. What is meant by the ex- pression, a "born Catholic?" 4. What is the name of the archangel who is called the "Power of God" and often the "Angel of the Annunciation," since he announced the Incar- nation to our Lady and, pre- viously, the birth of John to Zachary? 5. What is the name of the naval battle, fought on October 7, 1571, in which the Christians under Don John of Austria de- feated' the Turks who were threatening Western Europe? What feast of the Church was instituted in thanksgiving for this victory? Catholics In American JAMES W. McA00# McAndrew was a in the United States armY ! work during the him in the first rank of el generals of the United was decorated with the guished Service Medal. the war he received an degree in law from versity and was made ant of the General Staff in Washington. After graduating from Point he participated in the ish-American War in C u}s saw service in the lands. Upon the outbreak world war he was among American officers to France, landing with tachment of American 1917 as commander of the eenth Infantry of the Firs sion. He organized the college and schools in France, for the training ican officers in methods fare developed since the of conflict in 1914. He sequently appointed of the American Forces, and as such wsS adviser of General the conduct of military in France. From headquarters he the operations at chateau both defensive and the offensives m the salient, the along the Meuse after taking up his General Staff College in ton his health broke he died after a lingering months later. He was Hawley, Pa., in 18{}2, at Washington in 1922. (N. C. W. C. A CATHOLIC OF THOUG ff * LIFE * (8 All our life is made things, Our chain of life is little rings, And little words lift the soul.M. Square your life with it will be true. Keane. Rank, fortune, love, highest bliss, All life can yield, of splendid, Are but a thing that When lo! its mortal ed.---Gerald Griffin. Life is not hard, see the Resurrection, Nature, read to perfection.M. The full value of only be got by fighting; take it by storm. And simply accepted have missed This life of ours is an fight, but a miserable. K. Chesterton. To be careless of to lead a careless L. Spalding. For he lives twice, WB' once employ The present well, ald past enjoy.--Pope. All that live and Couch their life abode. -- (N. C. W. C. Let us help each other by pray- us without our er. In trying to help others we ourselves must do the may be only injuring them, but are created alone, one shall be judged one in praying for them we are sure of: warded or punished helping them. Pray for everyone, but especially for those who can The only sorrow do so much good--the Priests, if is ful, is sorrow for our duty to pray for them. Every opportunitY I shall be judged, not merely grace, once forfeited, for sins done, but for good spoil- for Eternity. This is ed in the doing, life so solemn. Contemplate tremendous the awful judgment and to overtake you, th how soon, and sooner than you ently prepared for. Make meditation at a month, and if much the better, upon No one can sanctify selves. Not God