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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
September 28, 1945     Arkansas Catholic
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September 28, 1945

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN IIUBEOEIPTION IICE: St.00 the ye OFFICIAL Dvocr.sAN OEGAN Gmtdlsm |o the off|ehd oqlan of the IMoeaoo o| Utt Iodt sad | peay God .that It may be ms cerneot champion of the m d rlmbt. JusUeo emd truth and an nrdeut defender of the  we .It Jove oo | stead to it my JJJoJn8 vith tin 8JJlt8  lt IN gstNl  I1@ kmS  Immpemma [q JOHN E, MOUIJ, Ilbdlmlm of l./t Rods. &apos;EDITOR YERY RET. MONfRGNOR THOM,4JJ I,. KJULNTo Ph. D. MANAGING EDITOR  BUJ/NES-q MANAGER All communications about "Pbe G,,-rdlam. businces and od/tortal0 skou be hdged thrnush VERY REV. MSGR. THOMAS J,. pRENDERGAST SOg.VI West  Street, &486 All articles and news item intcnd6d for publication should ,reach The Guardian office mot later than Mouday at noon. Sl$]tuce of paurty sub- mittins copy for pubUcation is ne Jn aU Jnoo. SPONSORS OF SFVICE Picture Jervce---KnJfhts of Columbus of ArlWmm Little Eock Council, He. 812 for lg45-46 1111:1.00 Panssouid Council. 14o. 1/18 Fort 8mlth Council. NO. 99S pocahontas Council No. Z44| Texarkana Counc" No. 2650 for 1945-46 ------ $17.00 8tuttssrt-Slovactown Council. No. 2780 for 1945-46 $12.00 .:sboro Council, NO. 1T02 na Council lqo. rpz0 Pine Bluff Council No. 1-168 Blythevillc-Osceola Council No. 2857 for 1945-46 = , $12.00 "If by liberty of the press, we unaerstana merely the liberty of discussing the propriety of public measures and political opinions, let us have as much of it as you please; but if it.means the liberty of at- fronting, calumniating and defaming one another, l own myself willing to part with my share of it when. eer our..legislators shall please to alter the law; ann shall cheerfully consent to exchange my liberty at abusing others for the privilege of not behlg abused myself."Franklin. SEPTEMBER 28, 1945  WOMEN ARE FAITHFUL 1 According to the executive secretary of the National Con- ference on Family Relations, there has been too much talk about the conduct of the wives on the home front. According to Miss Duvall they have Been doing a pretty good job while their husbands are overseas. She reminds us of the many problems they have confronted. They have the care of families, of children, finances, and most of all, the trial of loneliness. She urges, "Let us recognize the gallantry of the wives who have often borne great burdens of strain and responsibility by helping her in the crisis that lies ahead." There have been many wives of service men who have gone off the deep end during these flaming days of war. There also have been some service men overseas who have not ben fully faithful to the wives they left behind. It is true that many of the wives at home spend considerable time in taverns and night clubs. Most of them would have done just the same if their husbands had been at home though they might have been a trifle more careful. This behaviour is not confined solely to the wives of absent service men. For every wife of a service man who has gone wrong there have been thousands who have borne the burden of anxiety and loneliness like good soldiers, which they are. They dese.rve great credit and understanding for their behavior. Our soldiers should not even harbor the suspicion that their women have been making carnival while they were in fox holes. The women at home have had their share of dif- ficulties of this war. It has not been so much fun for them. The women will rejoice as rnueh as anyone that their men soon will return.lndiana Catholi.e and Record. Rural Life Editorial b NATIONAL CATHOLIC RURAL LIFE CONFERENCE 3801 Grand Avenue, Des Moines 12, Iowa SOME SOCIAL READJUSTMENTS IN RURAL LIVING Better farm family living might well be described as the primary objective of Rural Life agencies. In our post-war thinking and planrfing for a better rural America much em- phasis will be placed on the social objectives. Without a doubt the quality of family living decidedly affects the physical, spiritual and social development of rural people. It determines whether capable and enterprising youth will form the rank and file of farmers of tomorrow, and whether the present rural gen- eration is making its greatest possible contribution to humanity. Not only do farm families need adequate income, but through prudent direction and council they' need to learn how to make use of their income and to have available those facilities which make for a healthy and good living on the land. i RURAL SCHOOLS It is highly important that rural people have aeeess to good educational facilities, both because of the influence of educa- tion upon the rural communities and because the youth from the farms maintain our urban population. Rural children should have as good a basic training as that which is made avail- hie to city children. Materials used in the curriculum should be adapted to the environment with which farm children are familiar. Special vocationaI training facilities for those who plan to remain in agriculture should be an integral part of every school. There is a great need' for educational opportunities other than those provided for in the regular school courses. The training of adults in family life, civic, religious and cul- ture fiends, for the purpose of improving standards ,of rural living and providing the naximum richness that comes with life on the land, is proving more imperative. Such a program should include discussion clubs, library facilities, lectures and an appreciation of the many forms of rural culture. BETTER HOUSING Too many rural families still live in dwellings which can- not be considered acceptable by any standard. A large num- IJer of rural homes lack the ordinary comfort of modern life. Only eighteen percent of the farm dwellings have running water, and only twelve percent have bathrooms. There i's a THE GUARDIAN, sEFrEMBER 28, need for efficient plans for new houses and for making old ones suitable for farm family needs. An educational program dealing with methods of construction and repair that will afford maximum satisfaction for money spent as well as ef- ficient plans and types of material is deemed most feasible Funds to pay for remodeling or for the construction of a new home could be made available through the local credit union. Cooperatives not only could furnish a lower cost but would likewise serve to build up a stable community spirit. RURAL RECREATION Recent studies of the problems of rural young people show that there is an urgent need of better recreational facil- ities. Some rural groups, including churches, have been notably successful in filling this universal need, but the fact still re- mains that the 'eat majority of rural young people simply do i not have any suitable place to get together for recreation in a / wholesome environment. The rural religious leaders should e consider what can be done to make the rural community soci- ably satisfying for the young as well ks for adults. Adequate recreational facilities are a requirement of real importance /nd cannot be conscientiously neglected or indefinitely postponed. RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES A nation's greatness cannot be measured entirely by its material resources, nor does the well-being of a people depend entirely upon the abundance of things they possess. Any pro- gram for building a better rural life must necessarily include provisions for the full development of a religious life for the welfare of rural people. The church alone can lead farm peo- ple to recognize the dignity and importance of the individual and give them the opportunity to live up to the standards of God. The church binds the people to the community and gives them a feeling of contentment and satisfaction in what they are doing and where they are living. It has a great oppor- tunity and responsibility for leadership in getting people to work together for the welfaTe of their brothers in the Mystical Body of Christ. t REV JOSEPH V. URBAN THE LITTLE FLOWER St. Theresa of the Child Jesus, whose feast occurs Oc- tober 3, has given the modern world the formula that will cure all its woes. Her guileless simplicity and child-like abandon are just what we need in this altogether too complex world. "Her mission," she said, was "to make God loved as I love Him, to give to souls my little way of confidence and aban- don." How well she achieved her mission is testified to by the countless souls who are devoted to her throughout the world. The late Pope Plus X! was an ardent devotee of the Lit- tle Flower. Indeed, he said before he died that it was through her intercession that he miraculously survived the several crises of the last years of his busy life. The world shuddered to see the Pastor 6f Christendom at death's door many times. Each time he recovered to the amazement of the attending physi- cians. These favors were some of the petals let fall by the little glrl who achieved sanctity" by never ceasing to be a little girl. t To read her letters and beautifully written diary is a gen- uine tonic, especially in these times of hate and cruelty, born of greed. One of the most intriguing chapters of her memoires is the one in which she expresses her desire to be a toy for the Infant Jesus. Thus unaffectedly she writes, "For some time I had offered myself to the Infant Jesus to be his little toy. I had told him not to use me as a toy, a valuable toy, such as children are content to look at without daring to touch; but as a little ball of no value, that He could throw on the ground, push with His foot, pierce, leave in a corner, or press to His heart, if He wanted to. In a word 1 wanted to amuse the Little Jesus and to lend myself to His every caprice." That sounds silly to the world. But the inspired word tells us that "God chose the foolish things of the world to confound the wise." If only the harried world would learn the lesson ir 1945 Q UES TION B(3X ,s of Ki Notlen--It I Impolmll tk't Idl queer Joss I)e Idlmed with the md4s --... '*"'*'"'-""""-'"'"'"--'-"-- Commi On What Grounds Do Anglicans Basel " The Claim That They A'i'e Catholics? South00 by .  According to that group of the AngUcan Church which is known Rev. Anthony L as High Church this body is one of the three branches Of the authentic Christian religion, together with the Roman Catholic and Greek Or- O, 8. JJk ur- thodox. This story maintains that all three groups are equally Apos- (General Dioc o . SNTeV'/MV /  The Need of A  OqLY TE I Businessmen and I oja men through the vari0" ' ,. be satisfied with such honor as virgin Is a greater saint than any civic organizations to belong have opportt come acquainted with many things which might .pass by unn0 changing ideas, talkiN rent events, facing P gether is very helpfl ]1 individual. Very ofteJ and intelligent action tolic and of equal authority. It admits a certain outstanding honor to the Pope of Rome. but denies his supremacy of ecclesiastical power, and consequently precludes the possibility of union with the Roman Church until the Pope will the Anglicans are willing to con- cede him. Historically the Angli- cans date their Catholicism from the conversion of England by St. Augustine in the sixth century. From this viewpoint, the Roman Catholic Church appeared in Eng- land as the rebel group, planted under Italian influences, at the time of Henry VIII. The Roman Catholic Church refuses to ac- knowledge these claims and his- torical pretensions of the Angli- can Church. The fact is that Henry VIII broke away from the Roman Catholic Church in the sixteenth century, as the Greek Orthodox group did in the ninth century. In refusing to acknowl- edge the primacy of jurisdiction which the Popes have received by Apostolic succession from St. Peter, both groups have been cut off from the sources of true Ca- tholicism. The courageous Cath- olics who retained their faith af- ter the break of Henry VIII with Rome were not a rebel group planted by Italy, but represented traditional Christianity against an English population that had been robbed of Catholicism by its monarch and apostate prelates. Strictly speaking, Catholic means universal. The Anglican groups, being decidedly national, are not Catholic. Roman Catholic, on the contrary, signifies a connection with Rome, not by blood or by cultural sympathy but by that uni- versality of faith which is based upon the succession of St. Peter, who established his See in Rome. Is there a difference in the per- fection of the different states of life? The state of virginity is higher in rank than the married state. There is no vocation to the single state which does not mean a state of virginity. While virginity ranks higher than marriage as a state of life, it does not mean that every married person. Would it be sinful for a Cathollc to purchase land or other property on a Sunday? The Church precept forbidding servile work on Sunday refers primarily to such work as is done by servants or hired manual lab- orers. It is ordinarily taken to include also such things as judicial proceedings and civil occupations such as public trading, markets, and public buying and selling, un- less there is a contrary legitimate custom or special indult in their l favor (Canon 1248). Of course, i the reasons, e.g., of necessity, that excuse one from the precept as it applies to manual lahor excuse also in these cases. The matter is, therefore, one to be settled by a confessor who is familiar with all the details of time, place, etc. How much does one have to steal that it will be a mortal sin? When the thing stolen may be considered of considerable value it would be a mortal sin. This is not judged only by the absolute value of the thing stolen but also from its relation to the person from whom it was stolen. The theft of even a small sum of mon- ey might be a grievLous sin if one knew that as a result of this theft some one would undergo great hardship and even close to starva- tion. Ordinarily, theologians con- sider the average day's wages as a grave matter. There is a point when, regardless of the amount of money a person earns in a day, a grave matter is reached. This is called the absolutely grave matter. Most theologians consider that twenty dollars stolen from any one, no matter how wealthy would constitute a grave matter. It also would be a serious sin if one were to take small amounts with the intention that eventually they would acquire a large sum in hat manner. the beautiful life of St. Theresa, it could lay aside its worries, there would be no wars, there would be no greed. Let the world examine this intimate revelation of a saintly soul, and it will find it is not so silly. After all, the great planet we call the world, what is it in the eyes of the Creator? Is it not just a little ball, which He can, if He wishes, throw into a cor- ner of the universe and forget? Yes, it is just a little rubber ball, which the needle point of His slightest thought could pierce, and all the vauntings of its men, who would be gods, would explode into thin air. And infinitesimal microbes, which we call men dare to defy Him. Catholics on the third of October, and during the novenas, which are observed widely in the churches, can coun- teract this tendency to arrogance and temerity by praying the Little Flower to look out for the harrassed world and obtain ,"or men the grace to learn of her and of her Spouse, Whom 3he solemnly vowed to serve at the early age of fifteen. They were meek and humble of heart. That is what the world needs note than anything else today. come of this kind 0fl There is a need fo kind of thing in the t The farmer sometim, formal meting. 0c will hear a speaker dress on some parti But what the farmer is to meet with his gr with people who thi as he does and who in the things in which,! ested, namely, produC:t ing, processing, and of farm, produce. , This kind of thing  possible in every eor I can visualize the sW of a farm organizati0 growth of this procd will be of great serviC ple engaged in agricult composed of farmers once a week or once weeks, eat together, contact, exchange ide! the meal listen to guest speaker who w0t some phase of agrict lems. Every farme home thinking of  pired. Action wouk sult Many farmers ally reap some fruil would be evident in TI4E  O 10lie Sch ippines, Fotlowing the s eneral MacArthu Schools reopen, if t away, the Ca al Association, whi War represented th Schools and colleg Pines was reorg improvements and bel would follow. ThiSl  use of whatever thing would be a W portunity for farmerS, y at hand, the Ca any number of I1 Manila began enr agencies that would the beginning of welcome the occasi01 Chool-year All but service to agriculture' l in Manila are ope means. Once a club of tl organized it could have a joint other club or organiZ there would be better understanding people of the thin/ they have in Very often tions would like to rural to some rural people but reach them and get l rive group to attend, people form a and meet regularly part of the many of their will find o ready otherwise might Then also if a ber of the idea or a plan of he thinks might be farming people of or to agriculture in not at a loss where pre:ent it to the club who in turn in the meeting. I am convinced See RURAL I.r-, ? not in the im tthey had' before'th aitely operating--i Wooden structure, and under stage of the batt ildren off the stre ,'Of Catholic Educati field of Catholic e future is beset wit] Besides material there is the probl, governv education. The p] centralization ower in the I Instruction a has al as totalit the Acting Secret Jose C. I the abolition < Private Educatior of Education (for in an effort to stic nab has already manil order promulgab of Private Edu and Ame "social science" by definition ....... -- J J J .....  four-tenths o / I .... " /-^vE CtaLLffm 11 I::ONNY.WHY. '( THATI--IMfi/'/;di . This rule will "  -  OOW-f& HURT I N A/Nx IL 'uT, MOTHER , rgt.I, t/rr .,,-WASNT)HEI.B--,., ' .... OTSHE l)n,n 0u,'r oJcH ERE ? VV H Y/._  ct-e, ,r.<SAID C O1 P,q N ^-r T/.I f IIYl/Y any]mpssiblecatholict" COirr BROUGHT YOU I} MF..A00, BF00OUGHT) HEre. )I\\; 00o"00Ht rms '-'-- 1 " t*   ,:  *i  -- . /. cz  lty-five students /"-.,-' ,,.1" m" ": ] ./:,,., \\;,  x  I -.dlll C I[m;' fall, the highest ;  ."  ty. The new stt '$"-f'mANG i HOUgE.  \\;, J   il "t applicants accept for the MEAWHIL T POLICEHEDQUARTERS. DE ANI)QERI LIPPEO THROUGH OUR FINGERS IHTHAT GAIVBLIMG HOU RAID BUT PgPI< HAS A CABIN UP INTHff ..-.'r ,,,/ tI<S WIFE 1(5 POBABLV THERE. TH MAY BE HDNC OUT THP.E, IF NOT, QUeSTiON S. DERI / THEY AREn'T EASV. WE THE AND BRING HER IN WON'T Q U ESTI O N I NG. WHAT? WHAT HAPPENEO FWPLL, IWANTED.TO "% ,v. HOW GEETHE pARTY ,qT TH YOO.,w.. ,qN'VTI TLE'$ 50 14ookzED. H? A RIPE ONTHE gUPER BUT, @F TH CAR BUT IFELL OFF.THE NEXT GOD, TH/N I IEI I SeqFE WOKE UP IN A AND UND. S'TANGG CALVIN. BE are ten from the Arm Two servicemen have file at their Meantime men are courses in years of stu Maryknoll are ority of them to make seminary, Boston archd: ' filled. A n students at of in the near of a new col] archdiocese 't00 students. Boston will b its present to the forei showing a year. Last Young men h Maryknoll se this year. be number )se will have accepted.