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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
September 27, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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September 27, 1930

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Paul's exhortation. "My brethren,' :Oneness of the '~ys Augustine, "you see in one's members how each one of them has its Church own function." The eye does not say, I am the ear. The hand work for us. Thought for theIwhen one is sick, all suffer; when one is glad, all are glad. Telling how Congress at Omaha WrP-' " i Paul persecuted the Church, St Au- C. B. Press Service by Re.. gustine says, although Christ in Selinger, D.D.) heaven could not be touched, yet the m one, holy, Catholic, chief Christ cried out for the body: Church" is the familiar for- ~ ,,Saul' Saul, why persecutest thou our creed. The real charge- me?" (In Ps. 140). "Such is," con- of that oneness was as- t:nues St. Augustine, "the sacrifice of St. Augustine to the Bless- I Christians: to be all one body in Jesus The unity of the q Christ. itself rests on the doctrine of It is remarkable how closely he ad- the vinculum pacts, which he writes. (Tract. XXVI-13). He generally the community of Chris- the name, "Corpus Christo diffusum"--the Body of i Spread over all the world. very appropriate at this call to mind what St. Augu- the importance of the heros to the inspired text, as in fact do all writers and teachers of the ear- ly Church. Remarkable, too, how the people were conversant with that text. Alas, now it is from the catechism, in which Scripture and Tradition are dis- jointed, they obtain all knowledge of the Eucharist. Let us go back to the Scripture for corroboration and teaching on the sacred mystery. in the economy of the Especially since this year Congresses both in- at Carthage and nation in in Italy immediate, Carthage, in Spain, iff Po. Qermany and France made ~hts on the Eucharist their he. Fifteen hundred years death the Catholic Church the same doctrine concern. EUcharist. True, St. Augus- no specific treatise on the but in his Commentary on of St. John, in his explana~ unity of the Body of Christ of his "City of God," as in many commentaries on of psalms, for instance on and particularly when he s St. Paul's letter to the Re. generally the Pauline idea of Christ in his various a (Epist. ad Romania XII 3-6) subject for thought on Augustinian teaching that of the Body of Christ, which is mainly due to the and sacrament of the Holy are inclined to characters of unity of such as doctrine, sacra- headship. Now it seems 'back to the Fathers o.f the particularly to St. Au- learn of the dominatin The Eucharist, sacrifice and sacra- ment, according to St. Augustine, is not only symbolic of the unity of the Body of Christ, but is effective of that unity. The peace resulting from co-ordi- nation and co-operation of the mem- bers of the Body of Christ, under the headship ef Christ, is in consequence mainly of the partaking in spirit and in truth of the Body and Blood of Christ. "It is this mystery, which the Church celebrates assiduously in the ~sacrament of the Al,ar, understood by the faithful--pagans and catechu- mens were withheld from information --in which the oblation is offered to God." (City of God) Incorporated into the mystical Body of Christ by baptism and penance, the anointed join in Him who is anointed by excel- lence in His suffering. They share in the royal priesthood of Christ, ac- cording to St. Peter. Howev~er, St. Augustine clearly states that while the sacrifice is offered in memory of martyrs, it is not offered to the mar- tyrs but to God only. The sharing in suffering with Christ is by charity, that is, by sacrifice. ('In Joan. Tract 21 No. 8) The true sacrifice consists in all that we do to unite us with God in Holy union. The High Priest, who effers himself in his passion, in order that we be fused in the Body of the divine Chief, agreeable to the form which He assumed." (City of God unity of the Church accord-IX, c.V.) "The visible sacrifice is a t's own words: "He that l sacrament, in other words, a sacred flesh, and drinketh my]sign of~ invisible sacrifice." (City of in me, and I in him. God---X. c V.) Thus the City of Now those become God is the work of eternal Peace, of of the Body of Christ, who ~,umble charity and submission--as St. by the spirit of Christ." Augustine describes it~for travelers on St. John XXXV :13 )---of on this earth, drawing to itself citi- Lhe mystic body of Christ, lzens of every nation into pilgrim so- ;~n *t of the physical Body lciety, not disturbed by different cue- But that Spirit of Christ i toms or language of those who corn- the partaking of the Body[pose it." (City of God---IX c. 16). of Christ. Thus St. Au-IThus St. Augustine, quoting St. Paul: ,laths the dispute of the lAdhaerere Dee mihi bonum est"--"to asked how can this man cling to God is good for me" (CLy of flesh to eat and blood to calls Communion of unity of the body of Christ (No. 14 and 15 of St. Augustine "of the of the Body of .Christ expression of Augus- the Unity of the Body of uf the in':er-relation of of that Body~is found Book, 25th Chapter.of his in his classical God=-X. c. V.) sums up the benefit of union with Christ for each indi- vidual through the Eucharist. The attribute oneness of the Churc[ is established, in the mind of St. Au- gustine, by the Eucharist in a most striking manner. And it is that thought I wish to submit to those who intend to gather at Omaha. APOSTI~ESH!P OF SEA PROMOTER IN ENGLAND of St. Paul's delineation (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Body of Christ (Re- Plymouth, England, Sept. 8.--Fath- and I Cor. XII:27-- er J. E. Rockliff, international pro- t * he body of Christ, and mo~er of the Apostleship of the Sea, of member"). "He, there-!has just returned from the West "writes in the "City is in the unity of the!ceases of South and North America, that is inset to the where he has been engaged in the es- of Christians, the sacra-Itablishment of several new ceniera of of Christ, which the the Apostleship, where sailors will at the altar be cared for and protected by the to partake, he can local priests and co-operating Cath- to eat the flesh and of Christ." St. Au- olic societies. however, not for Arriving here, Father Rockliff and drinking of the Eu-Imade special mention of the warm ~Ut for its effect. The welcome that was accorded the move- and heretics, of whom ~ment in Los Angeles. many in Northern Africa, ! reality---but unto dam- THREE BISHOPS ATTEND is to remain in Christ, ~ DEDICATION OF CHAPEL in them. They abide who are not members~ (By N. C. W. C. News Service) St. Thomas of Aquin* Brookline, Pa., Sept. 16.--The ded- } years later: "Sumunt ication of Our Lady of the Angels malt, sorte tamen ine- Chapel, the latest addition to the good partake, the bad Toner Institute, which took plac~ here tt with unequal effect." on Sunday, was attended by three Augustine develops the bishops, an archabbot and two men- Paul on the Body of signors. ~ives such classical descrip- ' The Rt. Rev. Hugh C.~ Boyle, Bishop text suffers in the trans-of Pittsburgh, blessed the chapel, an8 is it possible to trans- the Re: Rev. Joseph G. Pinten, Bishop the many references to of Grand Rapids, celebrated pontifical in his sermons and instruc- High Mass. The Re. Rev. J. J. Swint, people. I shall confine Bishop of~ Wheeling, was the other a few quotations on~ the re- bishop present to member of the In addition to th~ bishops at the In charity and peace ceremonies were Archabbot Alfred the 'spirit of Christ im. Koch, O. S. B., of St: Vincent's Ab-I gh the Eucharist S;. Au- bey, Latrobe, Pc., and Msgr. EdwardI have every member of E. Weber, chancellor of the Wheeling] Christ mindful of St. Diocese. THE GUARDIAN, SEPTEMBER 27, 1930 PAGE SEVEN ST. ELIZABETH'S, N. J., ADDS TWO NEW COURSES (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Convent, N. J., Sept. 15.--Two new professors have been appointed to in- itiate special courses in health edu- cation and spoken English at the Col- lege of Saint Elizabeth, here, which opens its thirty-second academic year today. The ~ew members of the faculty, both from New York, are Dr. Grace M. Kahrs and Gertrude Walsh. The College of Saint Elizabeth, founded in 1899, has the distinction of being the oldest woman's college in the state of New Jersey, and offers degrees in arts, science, music, as well as courses in teacher-training. TEACHERS OF SAN LUIS POTOSI RENDERED bIORE AID IN PRESENT STRIKE (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Mexico City, Sept. 7.--The Feder- ation of Teachers' organizations of the Federal District this week adopt- ed a resolution giying its moral and material support to the striking teachers of San Luis Potosi. A sec- ond re~olution appointed a commit- tee to call on the president of the republic. This committee is to pre- sent to the president, in the name of the teachers of the Federal Dis- trict, the following resolution: "The Honorable Pascual Ortiz Ruble. President of the Republic. "The Confederation of Teachers' organizations to the Federal District take the liberty of making it known to you that the teachers of San Luis Potosi have been reduced to a situa- tion which is unbearable, as a result of failure to pay heir salaries. We petition you to do what you can to bring 'this condition of things to an end." General Saturnine Cedillo, gover- nor of San Luis Potosi, has just re- turned from an extended trip to Eu- rope, and is expected to resume his responsibilities as governor. During the previous administration of Gover- nor Saturnine the teachers received their salaries regularly. More than 6,000 automobiles from America will be sold in Germany this year, say estimators. WANTED Agems to represent the Cen- tral States Life Insurance Com- pany of St. Louis, Me., in the various communities of Arkan- sas. We have new about 20 success- ful agencic~ in the State, and would like to have that many more. This is a splendid opportunity to make some good money dur- ing spare time or you may de- vote your full time to ~he work. Experience not necessary. JEFF J. RALEY, State Manager 516 Federal Bank Bldg. Little Rock, Ark. Please furn!sh me with com- plete information about your Agency Contract. Name .................................... Address .......................... Age ~_ Occupation .............. EX-LAWER, ORDAINED TO PRIESTHOOD AT 61, GIVES INITIAL SERMON (By N. C. W. C. News Service) London, Sept. 15. The Rev. Sir John O'Connell, the distinguished Irish attorney and banker, who was ordained a priest last year at the age of 61, preached his first sermon here a few