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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
September 27, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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September 27, 1930

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, SEPTEMBER 27, 1930 " Pri -*- wo.o a..:-.:--,-I Onorato Fabry (1067-1688), and an l of "City of Rodez." On the morn-I Sunday, Sept. 26, to honor the heroic l veto vv va~. 2"qkv141tlUll ~ . auro 1610 " " " mer ...... I Itahan, Father Loreto L ( -! mg of August 8, 1784, the balloon pioneer missionaries and North A "Ill If it'sElectrkal! Vtoneers From Eleventh 165s), proposed as means of propul- was inflated with hot air and rose ican martyrs recently canonized atJH L'~,n~|T ~'~[ ['~*~l~ Century- Study Reveals sion for air machines, the former i before the immense and astonished I Rome. Preliminary work on the pro-ill |' t~,l, v. We Have It! .., . a compressed air, and the latter the crowd, carrying in the small boat the posed new Shrine to the Martyrs h'as[II ~) ~-~ ....... By Msgx~o Pueei lighting of gunpowder rockets. We priest, Carnus, with his col~ague lalready begun and it is hoped that suf-] II It. UIUUUIIV :Complete electrical ,-.v{~'~~;~ ........... .... ~'""~"*v,,, .... ~ ,,.~'T ,~.~' w,,. ~,.r' are well aware that today, with the 1 Professor aouchet. Arrived at the I ficient -nro~ress~ wiU have been made~ II Ltt'" I" " " ][: " J fixtures,includingradios,Wiring'electricatligh~: o " e t e ~OCK, ArKansas News Service ~ I full development of aviation, both height of o,000 metres, Father Car- ~ to have the cornerstone laying of th l[I cessories, etc. 1~ .q ,~ ~ A~':'~;,,, ,.; ..... l these systems are very favorably con- nus let fall a leaflet on which was lnew edifice preceding the civic cele-[II A "I[')['NT'TTrT~TTIf~ItT~CN _,:ome, ~.ey.. 1~.-- ......... s e ....... sidered written "All well aboar-' th~ '~i*-" of - ill ~Wnll~W~O ARKANSAS efforts in aviation exerted by Cath- " " u e ,~ ~ brauon. Ill 01ic ~'riests from a- .......... ! Another Jesuit of the same time, a Rodez," and after 35 minutes des-- . ............ t ex-ected that the|[[ ELECTRIC CO, Eleventh Centur-" are revealeJ in atGerman named Father Gaspare Schott cended 15 miles distant without the ........ thron_|]l 5-7 Gazette Building # u o event wilt a~ract tne immense g twn vn],m, ~f.,]= ;,~ ,,,hl;~h~d h,,l (1608-1666), after long stu&es on slightest mishap. That flight had a .... |[[ 316 LOUISIANA ST, th"e'Re-~'~'"Galil~'VeTtur~ni'-S'"~ o:lthe problem of flight for man, slat- real and true scien;ifie character be- of 50,000 who journeyea ~o Aurles-[~ distinguished preacher and 'schol;i'o~~ed that there certainly existed in na- cause Father Carnus had taken with ville for the recent religious celebra-] Italy. " lure a substance lighter than air, him a thermometer, barometer andlion, recognition on the part of Cash- This work, entitled "From Icarus which, once discovered, could make compass, besides some bottles that olic and non-Catholic alike of the debt to Montgolfier," sets forth what aerial navigation possible, had first been emptied of air andthe country owes the heroic Jesuit might properly be called the pre- history of human flight- Moreover, it disproves in another and striking manner the assertion that the Cath- olic Church and its clergy are ene- mies of science. It proves, rather, that the Catholic clergy have always been forerunners-in the most daring efforts of human intelligence to as- certain the truth and to offer human- ity every right and honest improve- ment in existing conditions. Pope Plus' Deep Interest. Simultaneously with the appear- ance of this work, attention has been focused upon the keen interest His Holiness Pope Pius XI always has manifested in aviation, and the fact that he expressed to the late Mon- signor Philip Tehao, one of the six native Chinese BishoPS he consecrat- ed in Rome, his belief that in the A little later an English Catholic then at various heights were uncork- priest, Joseph Glennville (1636- ed to take samples of the various 1680), wrote: "It will be a matter of few more generations then, as voyages to America are now no long- er rare, so a journey to the unexplor- ed Arctic regions or even to the moon will not be impossible. Indeed. time will come when to purchase a pair of wings to fly to the remotest lands will be as simple as" to buy, today, a t pair of riding boots." Bishop's "Aviation" Treatise. To this already numerous fist of priests and monks we can add a Bishop, Msgr. John Caramuel, who stratum of air through which the aeronauts were passing. Pope Aviation Enthusiast. May it be allowed at the end of these recollections of the past to touch upon the favor with which His Holiness Plus XI regards aviation and its wonderful achievements. On many occasions, speaking with his in- timates he has remarked with a' cer- tain sense of regret that he had not been in time to experimeiqt with this new mode of communication. Every- future people may travel by air from negative conclusion; later, however, pleased here to repeat as learned di- Cbina to Rome in three days. in another chapter of his vast work, rectly from the first six native Chi- Father Venturini's work reveals;he also maintained that beyond the nese bishops consecrated by Pius XI that the first recorded attempt at*atmosphere there must certainly be in Sc. Peter's, in October, 1926. He fright was made by an English Bene- a lighter "ethereal air," which, if was Msgr. Philip Tchao, A~ostolic dictine monk, Oliver of Malmsbury,, confined in a sphere, would make Vicar of Suahnwafu, who died only in the time of King Edward the Con- aerial navigation possible. lessor, 1039-1041; that the propul- History records at this point the sion of airships by rockets and corn-studies, most important for aeronau- pressed air---theories looked upon tics, of the Italian Jesuit Father with favor today---was predicted by Francis Lana (1631-168~). His was a Catholic priest in the Seventeenth the project for the famous "flying Century; that, in the same century, ship," which, as he imagined it, would an English Catholic priest foresaw be held in space by four large globes trans-oceanic flights over the North ~ emptied of all air. thus gaining, Pole. I through being lighte, r than the Oliver of Malmesbury, whose at- surrounding atmosphere, strength tempted flight is the first recorded, enough to" rise. The singularity and attached to his arms and feet an up-'value of his studies lie in the fact paratus equipped with wings of his that they are not based on imagina- own invention, and dropped from the lion but on very exact calculations ~top of a tower. After traveling a dis- concerning the relation between the lance, he fell to the earth, partly be-tvolume of the spheres and the lighter I weight they would gain when emptied cause of a gust of wind and partlyt because of fear that seized him. The of all air. The house in Brescia Albertus Magnus and Baccn. Two centuries late. the Blessed AI- bertus Magnus (1205-1280), teacher of St. Thomas Aquinas, developed with wonderful breadth the theories of flight, examining thdm in the light of birds and insects, and put forth for the first time in history the hy- 0othesis that a skin bag, filled with hot air, is capable of rising in the air. Contemporaneously, the Fran- ciscan Roger ~acon (1214-1292) af- firmed directly that man could make machines that would fly, and describ- ed the mechanism for these fnachines, thought out by himself in accprdance with knowledge of his time- In the following century an Au- gustinian monk, Albert of Saxony, studied and developed the theory of monk broke both legs and was bed-twhere Father Lana was born bears ridden for the remaining 20 years of I the following inscription: "Here was his life. He said, prophetically]born Francis Lana. In him aeronau- enough, that the defect in his ma-Itics bad their origin." chine lay in the fact ~.hat it was not [ At the end of the seventeenth aud equipped with a tail like the birds. [the beginning of the eighteenth can- beyond" and around the atmosphere existed the zone of celestial~fire. In the Seventeenth Century, when exper:mental sciences were added in such large proportion to speculative philosophy, the clergy's contribution to the problem of flight greatly in- :ury a South American *enters the field of studies in aviation, the Bra- zilian Barthrolomeus Laurence di Gus- map (1675-1724), who was a Jesuit :n his youth but left the Order dur- ing' his novitiate,, tie invented a ma- chine for aerial navigation and for this he asked and obtained from the King of Portugal John V, patent with exclusive rights. In a large room, in the presence of the King, he gave a demonstration and contrived to make a globe rise by lighting a spe- cial fuel which he had also invented. The affair, however, remained sur- rounded by mystery because he would never reveal the secret of his inven- tion and when the experiment was repeated on a larger scale it appeared that it was not successful. Publi- aerial navigation based upon the hp- cations of that time have, however, pothesis---general at the time---that conserved the design of his machine, which is that of a ship in the shape of a bird, supported by two balloons. The French Dominican, Joseph Ga- li:-:ri (1699-1782), was the author of the project of an "air-vessel" of co- lossal proportions, based on the in- flation of the balloon with air of creased. A Portuguese Jesuit, Fran- less density, and notable for many cis of Mendoca (1573-1626)develop- particulars that today aeronautical ed~ Albert of Saony's theory, and un- science has demonstrated as being knowingly was only a hairsbreadth, sound. To this same epoch dates from the truth. [back the little Latifl poem, "The Air- ~Upheid Theory of Flight in 1600. ]ship," in which Msgr. Bern.ardo Ca- On the other hand, his contempo- magna (1752-1820) illustrates and rary, Father Marine Mersenne of the praises the invention of Father Lana. Order of ~riars Minor (1588-1648), This' poem, until now unedited, has preferred the mechanical theory of flight by means ~f wings, maintain- ing without l~esitation the possibility of flight for man. The learned Jesuit Athanasius K~rcher (1602-1680) had in his life st) adventure which shows how dan- geous it was in those days to offer the public any invention presenting an inexplicable and mysterious ap- pearance. He had made a dove, which, by the attraction of a hidden magnet, moved and seemed to fly at the will of whoever directed it. The rumor spread at once that this in- vention was due to blaek magic, and reached Pope Urban VIII. who asked to see with his own eyes what it was all about. The Pope was immediate- ly convinced that there was nothing mysterious or magic about it, but aone the less forbade the inventor to r,~peat h;s demonstrations in pub- l'c,. since they might be wrongly in- terpreted. Two Jesuits. a Frenchman, Father been published, together with a biog- raphy of the author and with a ver- sion in Italian verse, by Father Ven- turin', in the second volume of the work that we are now examining. Martyr-Prlest Constructs Balloon. Thus, we arrive at the epoch of the Mor~golfier brothers who in 1783 launched their marvelous discovery of the aerostatic balloon, called "~,tongolf:ere" after their name. But together with the Mongolf'er broth- ers the clergy is also represented by no one less than a blessed martyr of the Catbolic Church, Charles Carnu.~, victbn of the massacres of Septem ber. 1792, caused by the French Rev- olution, and beatified with his com- panions by the reigning Pont'ff on October 17, 1~926. In 1783 the priest Charles Carnus was Professor of Physics at tl~e Royal College of Ro- dez and with the consent of his Bishop and the co-operation of his fellow citizens had constructed a bal- lobn to which he had given the name two years after his consecration. He told us that at the personal audience accorded h~m by the Pope prior to his departure, Pius XI had said to him: "Very well, you have been to Rome for ~he consecration and now you are going back to your country. But from now on you must return ften to Rome to see the Pope." "Holy Father," replied the Bishop, "my desire would be to come as often as possible; but it is not so easy, China is so far and the voyage so long." "No, no," in, terrupted the Pope-- "now with the progress of aviation, communication even with the most distant countries will become rapid. Look." The Pope opened an atlas at a com- bined map of Europe and Asia. "I believe that before long the journey from China to Rome can be made in ~three days. Surely, three days to come, three to return, behold in one week or little more you will be able to make the journey from China to Rome and back." OFFICIALS TO , TTENI) CIVIC CELEBRATIONS TO HONOR MARTYR-SAINT (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Auriesville, N. Y., Sept. 19.--State officials, educators, judges of the Su- preme Court, mayors of the surround- ing cities and prominent personages from every walk of life will join in a civic celebration to be held here on religious has caused widespread en- thusiasm. The object of the civic celebration is to make known their religious and civic ideals and the part the pioneers played in laying the foundation of American civilization. The good will evidenced among both Protestant and Catholic admirers of Jagues and his companions will find a fitting expression in this civic trib- ute to their holiness and heroism. Every effor~ will be made, according to Father Cusick, general chairman of the ce mmittee in charge, to expe- dite traffic facilities for the con- venience of those attending. The principal address d the day will be given by Dr. John Huston Finley, former State Commissioner of Education, and now associate edi- tor of the New York Times. W. Pier- pont White will als~ address the gath- ering, as representative of the Mo- hawk Valley Historic Association. A specially written hymn to the Martyr Saints will be rendered by a select choir ~nder the direction of Miss Grace Ledane of Amsterdam. A reading of Sonnets on the saints will be rendered by Thomas S. Jones, Jr. The closing blessing will be given by the Rt. Rev. Edmund F. Gibbons, D. D. At intervals during the affair se- lections will be rendered by the Boys' Band of the La Salle School of Al- bany. Lassen Peak, the only active vol- cano in the United States, is reported to be in a restless state. In Turkey American goods are growing in popularity more rapidly than those from any other country. E. W. JENKINS Building Contractor Box 848 LITTLE ROCK, ARK. THE] PLAN OF iSUR .C UlI$)A O N. Call on Us for Any Form of INSURANCE Campbell, Mallory & Throgmorton GENERAL AGENTS Aetna Floor Bankers Trust Bldg Little Rock, Ark. Phone 4"0430 You cannot build a good house with poor lumber. It is just as unreasonable as try- ing to build a good suit of clothes or a fine dress with cheap, shoddy material. Results--Not Excuses 12th and Woodrow Streets Phone 3-4112 Over the Top--- QUALITY SERVICE RESPONSIBILITY ESTIMATES FREE Phone 4-1880 SECURING FOR THE DIOCESE OF LITTLE R( THE EDUCATION AND TRAINING OF ECCLESIASTICAL STUDENTS IN ST. SEMINARY FOR THE ARKANSAS Any Full Burse or Share in an Incomplete Burse MaY nated. Donations, Large and Small, Will Be Received and Recorded. A Burse Is a Su roof ,Money Invested and Drawing Interest Always to Provide Board, Lodging and for One Seminarian. Requests for further information and the benefits contributors, and likewise all donations, should the Rector, The Very Reverend Monsignor S. J. Ph. D., St. John's Seminary, Little Rock. ST. JOHN'S SEMINARY BURSES. COMPLETE ST. MARY'S BURSE, Hot Springs MONSIGNOR TOBIN BURSE, Little Rock_ ............... ANNIE JONES BURSE, Pine Bluff .......................... MARY HOLLAND-CRAIG BURSE, Pine Bluff ............ ~-[i ALUMNI BURSE, in Honor of St. John the Baptist ...... BISHOP BYRNE BURSE .................................... INCOMPLETE BISHOP FITZGERALD BURSE The Burse is a nlemorial to the Right Reverend Edward second Bishop of Little Rock. From a Benefactor ............................................ $ Pupils St. Anne's Academy, Fort Smith .... -~ Anonymous, Hot Springs ......... -~----- Anonymous, North Little Rock ............................. Very Rev. Monsignor A. P. Gallagher, Mena, Ark ...... ------- Anonymous, additional sums received .................. -----~- Anonymous, additional sums received -~------ For favors received, Morrilton, Ark ...... ~. t Anonymous, Hot Springs --- " Anonymous Total ALUMNI BURSE IN HONOR OF THE BLESSED TRINITY -) This Burse is the second foundation made by the priests ordained from St. John's Seminary. It is open to the clergY and general who have the work and interest of the Seminary at heart Previously acknowledged ................................ ._i In memory of Hugh McDevitt ...... Master Raymond Maus, Atkins. Ark ............ -- ....... ~---7 In Memory of Alfred Fret ..... Appreciation, Slovactown, Ark. __L-----