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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
September 26, 1969     Arkansas Catholic
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September 26, 1969

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THE GUARDIAN, SEPTEMBER 26, 1969 PAGE 5 TRANG E BUT TRU E Question Box By Very Rev. Msgr. John E. Murphy, S.T.D. Where is the tomb of the Virgin Mary? The site of the tradi- place of the Blessed where her body lay )tion into Heaven, of Gethsemane The tomb is first In the 4th century and been a church there sent church was built century, and has been of the Orthodox since ecclesiastics (notably have maintained that at Ephesus. k k . Is it true that Catholics in the past were not to go to Confession? Church, from by Christ, was of her divine power sins, and has always necessity of the sac- Penance, even from Promised the power to Sins to His Church Peter and the Apos- Jroralse you, whatsoever on earth shall be heaven, and whatso- Director, Diocesan Department of Education 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark. ever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." After the Resurrection Christ told the Twelve more explicitly: "As the Father hath sent Me, I also send you... Receive you the Holy Spirit; whose sins you shall forgive they are forgiven them, and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained." The remission of sin by God was to be the consequence of its remission by the priests, not simply a guess or sugges- tion or prayer that God would Questions for this column should be addressed directly t o The Rev. Msgr. John E. Murphy, Diocesan Direc- tor of Education, 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark., 72207. Each question must be signed with the name and address of the person submitting it. Un- signed questions will be ignored. forgive. On the contrary, God made His remission dependent on His Church and the priesthood. Confession is therefore the ordinary means for the forgive- ness of mortal sin. However, the precept that Catholics must con- fess at the very least once a year dates from the year 1215. Be- i: SALVATION AND SERVICE ARE THE WORK OF 1 SOCIEl'y FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE FAITH $FJqD YOUR GIFT TO 1 RII limited Edged T. O'Meera TkG VtrT RecwWIA Jo M. Blma 3ai  dveme qk.Jlilk MI$ No, ie Sbvet '%A  Rl# York.  W. lO00J Littlm Rock. Arklmm. TlOr By M. J. MURRAY copyt, am. .e.w.e. e, s*ra fore that time, Catholics were re- quired to receive the sacrament when in serious sin. In the fifth century, St. Leo the Great explicitly taught that a sin- ner cannot be saved unlesshecon- fess to the priest. St. Leo also insisted that this Confession be done in secret (even as today), stating that "it suffices that the sinner makes his Confession to the priest and in secret" and "let the objectionable custom (of pub- lic confession) be put away lest many be repelled from the re- medies of Penance." St. Cyprian (in 250 AD) wrote that sinners must submit to the penitential discipline, and must confess even interior sins of thought. "The Shepherd of Hermis" a writing of the second century, tells Catholics of that time very simply that, if they want for- giveness, they must submit to the sacrament of Penance. In fact, in the earliest days the discipline was very severe, with heavy and often public pen- ances which lasted over long per- iods of time in the case of the sins of murder, adultery, and heresy. The first serious challenge to the sacrament came only in the days of Martin Luther. In the ninth and llth centuries, when the Eastern Orthodox Churches seceded from the Roman Catho- lic Church, they kept this sac- rament as necessary for the re- mission of sins. The Protestant reformer John Calvin made Confession one of his prime targets, condemning the sacrament and sweeping it out of the then "new" theology. Q. -- I have read that Christ between the Resurrection and the Ascension was an "apparition." Is that correct? A. -- The word "apparition" should not be applied to the Risen Christ, for it Implies that He appeared only as a spirit instead of In His real'body. The Risen Christ told His disciples that "a spirit has not flesh and bones, such as you see Me to have" (Luke 24:39). Q. -- Since rich people can afford as many children as they want, and poor people cannot, Isn't It unjust that the poor be expected to abstain from conjugal relations if they cannot afford children? A. -- The rich can afford many things that the poor cannot; but that does not make their living unjust. Also, remember that the expense of feeding and educating offspring Is only part of the re- sponsibility in having them. More Important is the time and trouble demanded In bringing them up, which can weigh just as heavily on the rich as on the poor. In fact, that Is why some of the rich violate the law of nature by resorting to contraception. The poor, on the other hand, can make use of infecund periods as well as the rich. Many of the poor, however, despite invidious propa- ganda to the contrary, are more willing to sacrifice their conveni- qL%'-OF RgFUGE FOR VLLAGERS WHO USED A LDDER-PULLED UP AFTER "tHEM-TO RK4H "II4E DOOR. a aoeojm ,F//ST PR/.T EVR 70 PIOLD $1JH ,4 PO.WTION IN q OMFIUNIr COuhITR. "HE HIS "/HE BLE.ING OF CHURCH 4UTHORITIE Relevance of (:l'c, ist, ered Monk's Life Explc,ined Lafayette, Ore. (NC)-- Abbot Benedict Griesemer, O.C.S.O., took office as spiritual head of the Trappists of Our Lady of Guadalupe abbey here, in ceremo- nies marked by a stirring des- cription of the life of the Cister- cian monk. He was blessed solemnly by Archbishop Robert J. Dwyer of Portland, at a concelebrated Mass in the abbey church here. Abbot Grlesemer succeeds Abbot Colum- ban Hawkins, O.C.S.O., who re- ence for the sake of a truly plan- ned family than are the rich. The words of Paul VI in "Hu- manae Vitae" are here In order: "Neither can one, without grave injustice, consider divine provi- dence to be responsible for what depends, instead, on a lack of wisdom in government, on an in- sufficient sense of social justice, on selfish monopolization, or again on blameworthy indolence in con- fronting the efforts and the sacri- fices necessary to ensure the rais- ing of living standards..."  dr t Q. -- Is it true that there was a Pope John XXIII in the 15th century? A. -- The Pope John XXIII who lived in the 15th century was Baldassare Cossa, descendant of a noble but impoverished family of Naples. He had been created cardinal in 1402 by Pope Boni- face IX. Elected Pope in 1410, he was one of three claimants to the papal throne. He convoked the Council of Constance in 1414, promising to yield his claim if the other two claimants (Gregory XII and Benedict xm) would do likewise. When the schism which had begun in 1377 was ended by the election of Martin V, John XXIII, who had been in exile, at length recognized the author- ity of the new Pope, who appoin- ted him Cardinal Bishop of Tus- culum. He died in 1419. signed in July. Assisting at the ceremonies were retired Archbishop Edward D. Howard of Portland; Bishop Francis P. Leipzig of Baker, Ore; Bishop Sylvester W. Trienen of Boise, Idaho, and eight abbots of Trappist and Benedictine commun- ities. The new abbot, a native of Pueblo, Colo., attended St. Thomas Seminary in Denver and had ser- ved as a parish priest there before joining the Trappist community in Pecos N. M., in 1949. He came here with the Trappist community in 1935 and became prior in 1956. Life of the Religious dedicated to contemplative life was describ- ed graphically in the homily by Abbot Anthony Chassagne, O.C.S.O. of Our Lady of Mepkin abbey, Moncks, S.C. "We cloistered monks are not the only ones who pray," he said. "We are not drop-outs from so- ciety. Our monasteries are not zoos nor museums. Rather we are like you .... We are men who long to be brothers of the whole family, universal brothers, Cath- olic brothers. "A Cistercian monastery must be, to some extent, a desert, a solitude, a place set apart where there is time, training and pre- paration for experiencing God's love and presence," the abbot said, "seeking and finding the Father in Christ Jesus in the power and joy of the spirit of love. "A desert experience canbe ex- hilarating at times, or it can be lonely. It can be a school of patience and trust in the midst of purification and pain; a place where a person matures; a place or an experience wherein a per- sen learns to hunger and thirst for God," he continued. "To some extent, our faith ex- perience of God is both desert and paradise all the way through life," the abbot said. "in this land of exile andpflgrlmage, where joys and sorrows blend and hal'- monroe to deepen and mature us for heavenly glory, we need Cmd, we need o11e another,