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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
September 25, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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September 25, 1920

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": ..... Communicati'ons :ii :Bks of interest ! )n,l]t eak, til we ;in is n J?hey ll they llllCOllS( their Bainbridge Colby, search in tlle archives, tie modestly ge of the speakers at the describes his series of pamphlets as FATHER FUANNERY , , . . ON FIELDS OF FRANCE ,Catholfc Charities, recently a sort of stopgap till something bet- _ and in the course l ter is published, or at least a step- Associate Editor of The Guardian he paid this tribute to ping-stone to a subsequent edition in- "There is no ldeiinitely improved.' The present in- e Work,,, said he, "that is stalhncnt deals with the history With such gusto, with such With such intrepedity and as the Catho- of the world." Secretary at tim close of tim fn'st of the Conference. his hearers that he ,a Catholic.. Secretary Colby Should make this known outset, so. that you will Value of my unfeigned, ,eaest tributes to your it comes from a some- source. I mn an on- watch you not with a participation in your With an appraising frame the Work of" 3'our m'ganiza- during the war. You deal of money, but not as you could have nearly so much as but I was with the fact that the of your charities were the line of fire, were up with the advanced ery busily engaged most difficult and were most chal- the brave and noble of your faith who principles of Catholic firing line, who carried base hospitals, carried field hospitals, watched of America in their of danger, of suf- and temptation, and so many of the fine at we find them 7 " I".ne little thing about It 'is no discrimin- ects. Succor is its its motive, and suf- , F. Hickey, D.D., , New York, is not dangers surround- of our day, for, in Ier? , addressed to the " g' '. diocese, Isic re- ), 'i!. ' he has this to in.rish,Shg'edF...,,.,. to request you to Vc ar0' o- _aUiW  youvg people in d W'.'x2JJCaid,. Places and forms of .Pat e of o ' ):. _ are a source of great ) the participant. for pleasure, the satisfy this desire, e from the' former con- Of women estab- is seriously Welfare of youth. bid you. to impress their duty to chil- to the company places which they at which they young men and parental authority, Personal reputation amusements and to good keep in mind from scan- Women, old and rnarae .)f Christian espect themselves in in their asso- R. Hull, S. J., Worker in the Church Published an- o,his ;'History of title, "The Period." eries,,: says a Review," cr0p.lete history lolitical or reli- up a number of which Fr. flly weighed by authorities. the tradit'onal English listory we only regret P}aced that he print- re- of the British Church and with tlmt of I the Anglo-Saxon Church down to the Norman Conquest. Subsequent vol- umes are to treat of the immediate t)re-Refornmtion period, the Reforma- tion itself, and the post-Refoi'Jilation era, down to our time. The work is "supplemental and antidotal' and forms a necessary complement to every listory of England, with the sole exception perhaps of Lingard's." Latest Cable News Noi Suicide. (N. C. @. C. Special Cable.) DUB1AN, Sept. 20.--Archbisbop Mannix, commenting on the question which has been raised in England as to whether or not hunger strikers may be given the last sacraments, has given an interview to the representa- i tire of La Libertie, the French Catho- [lic daily, in which he declared: "I do not consider the act of the Lord Ma3or,, 'of Cork as suicide, and I do not see how any priest could refuse him the ast sacrmnent on tlmt ground." The same view is taken by practically all theologians throughout h'eland. Should Safeguard Palestine. (N. C. W. C. Special Cable.) LONDON, Sept. 18.--Monsignor Barlassina, Latin Patriarch of Jerusa- lem, has just published, on his return to Palestine from Rome, a pastoral letter in which he says that it would be better for Palestine to be interna- tionalized than become the servant of Zionism. After arriving from Rome, the Patriarch says, he interviewed the British High Conunissioner, Sir Her- bert Samuel, from whom he received renewed explicit declarations that all rights of all religious creeds would be maintained and every safeguard afforded. ! Encyclicaon St. Jerome. (N. C. W. C. Special Cable.) ROME, Sept. 19.--Taking the fif- teenth centenary of the death of St. Jerome as an occasion, Pope Bened/ct issued last Wednesday a most impor- tant and timely encyclical on the great doctor, at the conclusion of which he warns that the Holy See must enjoy the liberty which the ex- ercise of its apostolic office requires, and prays for the return of those; sep- arated from the Church, especially the "Beloved Orientals." The first part of the encyclical treats of the life of Saint Jerome, and of his title and dignity of Ascetic Doc- tor. The Holy Father recounts espe- cially St. Jerome's life work in the Holy Places, after the death of Pope Damasus released him from service in Rome. It was his amazing study and research, combined with holiness of life, that enabled Saint Jerome to be- come i Doctor of the Church. The Pope then dean with the great doctor's teachings, and shows how, from all his writngs, it is clear that he held firmly with the Catholic Church that the Sacred Books were written under.the inspiration of Holy spirit, and that they have God for their author; and that, as such', they have been given to the Church. His IIoliness quotes, many confirma- tions from St: Jerome's writings and also the solemn ddelarations of Leo XIII on the absolute immunity of the Sacred Scriptures from any error at all. Pope Benedict then emphasizes a warning against the levity and pride which repudiate or craftily combat the doctrine of the infallible magisterium of the Clmrch on this point, tte en- courages the zeal of those who devote themselves to study and research in science and to wise criticism, but he castigates the levity 'of such as neg- lect the teachings of Pope Leo in do- ing so. The inspiration of the Scriptures cannot,be limited to a part of the sa- cred writings; nor can a doubt of their truth be admitted, the. Holy Father says. He urges bishops' to see that this truth about inspiration is rightly taught in seminaries and schools, and he enjoins the reading of the Sacred Books. Some men work an empty honor for all there is in it. Visits and Gives Interesting De- tails of Venerated French Fields of War. (Special to The Guardian.) Paris, Sept. 3. Editor Guardian: In a previous letter it was told how the Knights arrived in Paris. One could not avoid the suspicion that so far as the French peolle at large and the French government were concerned the great Catholic order of tlm United States occupied a very snmll space in their knowl- edge and a smaller section of their high estimation. At the station a gentleman who has found profit at home and abroad in making himself the intermediary between the Knights and outside concerns took it upon himself to represent the French gov- ernment. But if the welcome to the city was not as effumve as one might desire the Knights were not long in Paris before the crowd, including the representatives of the French, began to sit up and pay attention. K. of C. Visit Cardinal First. For ourselves we ncline to the idea that the courage of the visitors in vis- iting the cardinal-archbishop of Paris before paying tribute to any secular authority rather opened the eyes of some folks to a realization that here was a body coming across the Xwater that were not borne down by any op- pressive fears to make acknowledg- ment of the faith that was in them. Immediately 4he press of Paris he- took themselves to the task of devot- ing more paragraphs to the move- ments of the Knights than had ever before been given to any visitation except the advent of royalty. Even the sheets that have no great rever- ence or respect for what the order symbolizes vied with friendly papers in giving full space to the activities of the delegation. 6f course the of- ficious gentleman who pretended to represent the French government as- sumed credit for the amplifications noticed in the papers but as some of the rest of us knew how the items were actually" inserted his pretensions were tolerantly ridiculed. Arriving late Sunday, Monday was set aside as a rest day for the en- tlemen who must have been wearied by their ten days at sea. By ill-for- tune te sixteenth of August was the deferred holiday which has aiready been referred to in this correspond- ence. That meant to the visitors that banks, express oces and stores were closed and about all that could be done ,since even the rubber necks were taken off, was to gloom around the hotel or walk the streets of the city. Tuesday the real itinerary ac- tivity began with the first visit to the battlefields. Chateau.Thierry." The reader will pardon the writer if it is stated at the outset that no aspirations are registered here to be a chronicler of the war or a minute detailer of the events that transpired during the trip of the Knights ip Europe. So much was crowded into very restricted time and more con- fined limitations that the best that can be pr)mised is a nmre or less im- perfect account of the general impres- sions left upon the mind. The ar- rangements for the journey to the battlefields, all things considered, were neatly' attended to, outside of the fact that we were started off at an ungodly hour. Tuesdty we went to Chateau Thierry. Some of my boys who had risked their lives in the neighborhood had told me stories of the striving here, where the American boys first threw themselveg into ac- tive. service and began the stemming of the German tide. Before we were hurried to the cemetery where repose the bodies of 2,750 youthful heroes who fought that the world might#be free, we were greeted at the station by a delegation o the school chil- dren of the town,, who read an ad- dress of welcome to be followed by the greetings of the mayor and civic bodies. Then by prearranged pro- gram we were taken to military ceme- tdry 1764. On the way we stopped at the spot where a stone marks where the American marines came to the rescue of the' retreahng French army. The Germans came down from ridges bghind Chate/u Thierry, as General" Mangin, the hero of this particular Talks to Nurses by Rev. Henry S. locality, explained to us, and at the point where one division of French sought to hold back the seven divis- ions of Gernmns that stood in oppo- sition, news was brought that the Aniericans had arrived. At the spot marked by the boulder the Americans took a hand in the fighting and soon had the supreme delight of a glorious vindication for just above the ceme- tery is a stone which marks Where they began to turn'back the German flood which never thereafter had a chance to inundate with blood the land that had 'been ravished by their bar- barities. What those ravages actual- 15, were it would require an imagina- tion keener than mine to depict strik- ingly for one who had not been her- rifled by the ghastliness of the sight. You nmy have seen pictures of the devastated regions, but no mate pho- tograph can offer even the most N- adequate picture of the ruin that rested by the path where rushed the fiends of ghastliness on their destruc- tive way. IIousc after house on every street of Thierry is a monument to the ghoulish delight men found in barbarous devastation. A few dwell- tings renained intact, more by luck than planning, but the touching part of the weird scene was the 'attempt made by the dwellers who returned to their native hearths to bedeck their structures in gaiety to welcome the representatives of the land which gave help in dire hour of need. Every home displayed the colors of the two countries that were bound by ties of blood closer than by the blood which comes-through heritage or descent. The people turned out in crowds to cheer the passing groups and at the cemetery where we arrived later one old peasant pushed himself forward despite restraining hands and in the face of the honorable company pres- ent about the central mound he voiced the sentiment of the entire popula- tion when he half tearfully blurted out, "gentlemen we are so glad you are here." Grave Religiously Kept Up. Like all other American cemeteries this one in the v!citaity of Chateau- Thierry is beautifully kept. Long rows of chaste white crosses mark the place where our boys sleep their last long slumber. Before passing to the function which brought General Man- gin forward may we be allowed to express wonderment that any relative should desire to disturb the remains of those who lie so peacefully here by the side of comrades whom the great God must long ere this" have rewarded for the sacrifices they ex- pended in behalf of humanity. We know all the arguments on the other side. Mother's fain would repair to the graves of their offspring to pray, a privilege now denied them. But parents are mortal and in a few short years not many of them will remain. What a compensating consolation for present deprivation to know that for all times these graves beyond seas will be religiously upkept by our gov- ernment and that pious people in the centuries to come will send np peti- tions from these tombs o the merici- ful Father in heaven, / Brave Gem Mangin. General Mangin is the hero of this particular section of martial strife. He was known as "The "butcher" be- cause he counted human life cheap when it was chance of gaining victory. Under chafing he was held from at- tack and forced to follow a waiting policy. At last when he was per- mitted actively tb forge ahead he gave a splendid account of his ,prow- ess. In his tribute to the American soldier he did not bandy words. While the representatives of some 0the ations are trying to discount the advanfage brought towards v]c tory by the arrival oY our troops on the field of action General Mangin who led them has no misapprehen- sions and no. desire to cavil. With tears flowing down his cheeks he told of the heroism of our troops and so stirred were all who understood his words that a mighty cheer went up that brought echoes from the sur- rounding hills whose rest had beer .disturbed up to a short year or so back by the thunder of destructive cannonading. The'cevetery is above Belleau woods. Agaifi our home lads will remember the 'peaceful prospect that contrasts so:vividly With the 'thought that these slumberous glens dould have been'a shamble for human slaughter. (Continued on age 6) Spalding, S. J., is produced by reviewers of Catholic papers as a book of inestimable value. I"The Tablet" says of it: [ "This book sliouhl appeal in no small measure to the general a'eading public. The chapter on 'Birth Con- trol' contains data which will be in- structive to every married woman, while the concluding chapter of the book is an interesting survey of the part the Catholic Church lms lflayed in the evolution of the science of nursing." And "The Catholic Worhl": "It is only a solid moral primer, a sound Catholic presentation of true ethical viewpoints on sociological questions which come within the spe- cial purview of nurses (and doctors and priests); this is its aim and it fultills it generously. The presenta- tion is " (lean-cut, forceful and pointed; it:-; reading is exceedingly easy. Of the book's ten chapters, tlm last five ire most intimately connected with the practical duties of nurses, in trainin and after training. The first half of the book, however, is worth while reading for any adult; it stuns up fundamental Catholic ethic and pays special attention to tlm applica- tion of Catholic principles to Euthan- asia, Birth Control and the Rights of the Unborn Child. These latter ques- tions are treated plainly, but never so as to offend. There is constant in- sistence on the fundmnental principle tlmt one innocent person )nay not be killed to save another innocent per- son, and there are proofs enough given of the truth of this principle to convince any right-minded 'man or woman. "Father Spalding has made a valu- able contribution to the spread, where it is most needed, of the kind of moral teaching which alone can save this World of ous from its own folly." A SPLENDID OPPORTUNITY TO OBTAIN INFORMATION Work Done by Social Department of National Catholic Welfare Council. Washington, D. C.'--The Depart- ment of Social Action of the National Catholic Welfare Council during the last six months has conducted over a hundred lectures in seminaries, col- leges and Catholic clubs. A number of large national conferences have been attended by representatives of the department, and addresses have been delivered explaining to those gathered together the Catholic viekv- )oint on questions arising during the conference. Such meetings as the Na- tional Conference of Social Work aad the Academy of Political and Social Science haye been addressed by rep- resentatives of the department. City flubs and public forums in several cities have called upon the depart- ment for speakers. Timely Pamphlets. Two pamphlets have already been issued, one on "Capital and Labor" (Our SundayVisitor Press), by John A. Ryan, D. D., and another on "Bol- shevism in Russia and America" (Paulist Press), by Ft. R. A. Mc- Gowan. Both of these pamphlets a'e on timely questions and both have been well received. A third' pamph- let on ,rnral roblems is ready for ublication. These pamphlets can be )btained at a nominal sum also from ;he National Catholic Welfare Council, 'ops in Europe and the United States will be included in this book. Two good essays on the teachings of Bish- op K,etteler and Frederic Ozanam complete an account of the work of Catholics in the last century. An- other book similar to this on "The Church and Citizenship" is under preparation, and other books on social work are being prepared. Labor and Farming. Besides this, a press service on la- bor and farming questions is being conducted week by week. This serv- }ce is sent out to all the Catholic paper. and to a few of the more im- portant labor journals, Emphasis is laid on the press service upon the Pas- toral Letter, the Reconstruction Pro- gram of the Bishops and the Encycli- cal Letter of the Popes. Catholic Immigrants. A conference on Americanization under the auspices of the department, was held in Gary, Ind., at which Catholic representatives of a number of foreign language croups gathered together to discuss ways and means of helping Catholic immigrants in this country to attain citizenship without harm to them either as Catholics or as workers. Different Fields. Letters seeking infornmtion on questions that come under the field of the department arrive frequently, and an attempt is made to give exact % infbrmation on the question raised. Letters have come in on labor ques- tions, housing, Americanization work, etc. Special Question, During the coming year, besides the attention given during the last year to labor, farming and citizenship, more time will be spent on farming ques- tions. The help of others dealing with these matters is being sought and efforts are made to assist Catho- lics especially who are concerning themselves With these questions. John A. Lapp, LL.D., directs the Chicago office: and John A. Ryan, D. D., the Washington office. CATHOLIC WOMEN URGED TO VOTE L312 Massachusetts avenue, Washing- ton, D. C. "The Church and Labor." One book is being printed now and will be published in a short time by Macmillan and by Kenedy. This book s a" compilation of documents on labor and will be called "The Church and Labor:" All the more important statements of the recent Popes, Bis- (Continued from Page I.) ing out of the excitement and strng- gles of the political arena, yet, now that suffrage is no longer a possibility but an assured fact, it behooves Cath- olic women to take upon themselves this new social duty, and so to exer- cise it that their influence shall mini- mize the evil forces that through this extension of the suffrage now menace the most essential f.actors in Chris- tian civilization, namely, the family and the home. "Tliat these forces are swift to take' advantage of their widened oppor- tunity, admits of no doubt. Already there are national leaders of the mili- tant suffragists who proclaim to their ardent followerp that they must use the new political power of women to secure a national divorce law similar to that prevailing in Bolshevist Rus- sia and in Sweden, namely, a law per- mitring divorce wherever a husband or a wife desires it, for any so-called " 'cause,' or for none at all. "It therefore *becomes the duty of Catholic women to register and vote, and especially in the coming presiden- tial election. They should vote for the candidate who will, in,their opin- ion, contribute best to the material and social progress of the State. They should bring to bear upon politics their predilection for righteousness, their desire and their determination . . . . . tha,t our cwhzatmn may conform to. the everlasting principles of Chris- tianity." Our idea of a wise man is one who" is able to obtain inside information relative to the thing it is necessary for him to know. IMMACULATE CONCEPTION SHRINE LAYING OF CORNER STONE, (Continued from page i.) Vatican.worshops, "at once a proof of our devotion toward Mary Immaculate dud our good will toward the Catholic UniversityY Will Rise In Keeping ,With Faith. At their fall meeting in 1919 the trustees of the Catholic University author- ized the building of the Crypt or basement beneath the Sanctuary of the Church, and on Thursday, September 23, 1920, we will witness the laying of its foundatioff stone, seven years from the day on which it was first deter- mined to erect this splendid edifice in hoflor of Mary Immaculate. How long will it take to finish the Church? Much will depend on the generosity of Our Catholic people, but it will eventually arise as a tribute of the entire Catholic body to the glorious Mother of God, whether, it takes fifty years, ag did the National Basilica of the Sacred Heart at Paris, or a much shorter time, in keeping with the faith and tle promptness of our American Catholic people. . :! L,"; , ,3 :i>!' :i f:).'