Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
September 25, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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September 25, 1920

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|s more de" papers and a hould hay o a large oe may reading which and strengthens ;, PP.. xv, i L 4 lmPolm ..-. o .;. Perpetual Mission i , ' Pope Leo XIII "The Guardian" in every homt--our Motto. n . , o ,oG The Official Organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas' 10 WINS SENATOR SEAT 18Ucccs''uuDue to Secret Or- of Anti-Catholic Voters. i, C. W. C. News Service.) Ga., Sept. 18.Comment recent Democratic primary which Thomas E. Watson, Georgia, was nominated Senator, attributes his Part to the machina- exertions of the "Twelve- a secret organization This club is said to number of members, is pledfed to vote Catholics, but against friendly or favorable to in Campaign. Clandestine cabal against and taxpayers has time in Atlanta, but indicated that it membership and Georgians, who Watson during the i. ere found marshaling at the election. They being affiliated with Club," Bill. seYral anomalies in the ion in Gcor- noteworthy of these Hoke Smith, the Smith-Towner bill federalization and f Public education. It Sam L. Olive, can- in the Tenth Dis- Principally because of federal aid for is said that many feared the Smith- enacted, would give jurisdiction of negroes, and them. those Georgia leg- the adoption of the collection of a menu- S. Benson, who is Olive and that the had sponsored proposal origin- of the Con- victor in an won the con- Olive was seek- I. at Present repesent- SS. Pre]udice District, which in- one of in the presiden- the nomination to Incumbent. Black- anti-Catholic, and and circulator of ' supposed to be sub- of Columbus. as a lecturer on the in American Poll- ranch competition for v, ote that in* many "patriots" who to "leep the Pope Were candidates for and there were few a Willingness even Catholic fellow citi- DECORATED. News gervice.) their work in the war Du Ballet, of the and former has been of Commander of Benedict XV, has received the The hoors were Lucon in the Y in love with her- the man of her Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, September 25, 1920 IMMACULATE CONCEPTION SHRINE LAYING OF FOUNDATION STONE National Monument of D00evotion and Gratitude to the Mother of God and A Memorial to Our American Soldiers and Sailors of the World War CARDINAL GIBBONS AND THE AMERICAN IIIERARCHY OFFICIATE Holy Father Donates Mosaic of Mu- rillo Edifice to Cost Fully $5,000,000. o (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Washington, D. C., Sept. 20.--The foundation stone of the great Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, whh'h Right Rev. Thomas J. Shahan, D. D., Rector Catholic University. is to be at once a monument of de- votion and gratitude to the Mother of God and a memorial to the Ameri- can soldiers ' and sailors who died in the World War, will be laid by His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons at 3 o'clock Thursday afternoon, Septem- be 23. In the great concourse which will witness the ceremony, it is expected, will be His Eminence Cardinal O'Connell, most of the archbishops and bishops of the United States, hundreds of priests, representatives of famous American and European shrines of the Blessed Virgin, supe- riors of the many religipus orders of men and women, and prominent lay- men. Invitations to be present at the epochal exercises were sent to PreSi- dent Wilson and members of his Cabi- net, to foreign diplomats resident in Washington, to Chief Justice 'White and his associates of the' United States Supreme Court, Senators and Representatives, to officers and repre- sentatives of the various American regiments which served at the front and of American vessels whic were in European waters during the war, to the faculty of the Catholic Uni- versity, and of he other Catholic uni- versities of the country, secretaries of b!shops, officials and member of Catholic organizations and of the Daughters of the American Revolu- tion. ADDRESS AND SERMON. , Right Rev. Thomas J. Shahan, D. D., rector of the Catholic University, is to deliver an address to the gath- ering before the laying of the stone takes place. The sermon will be preached by the Right Roy. John T. McNicholas, O. P., bishop of Duluth. Bishop Shahan and Rev. Dr. Ber- nard A. McKenna, who are in charge of the preparations for the exercises, expect that fully 50,000 people will be present when (ardinal Gibbons, surrounded by the spiritual leaders of the Church in America, sets the stone (Continued on Page 8.) The S/Trine INSPIRATION FOR THE SHRINE. I By Rt. Rev. Bishop Thomas J. Shahan, D.D. The National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception owes its origin to the deep seated love and veneration of the Mother of God, which has always been a distinguishing virtue of American Catholics. Priests are still living who remember that after the Third Plenary Council of Baltimore many were of the opinio that a splendid church should be erected at the National Capitol to commemorate the immemorial devotion of the Catholics of North America to Mary Immaculate. Need of University Church. The time was not ripe, however, for so great an enterprise. Scarcely had the Catholic University been established when the need of a University Church was apparent, which should be a centre at once of devotional life and of Catholic teaching adapted to the intellectual and moral needs of our day. Almost naturally arose the idea of dedicating such a church to Mary Im- maculate, who had been dclared Patroness of the Church in the Ufiited States by the Second Plenary Council of Baltimore in 1866, and was pro- claimed Patroness of the Catholic University when it was opened in 1889. I Eight years ago the movement took on a practical character when Bishop Shahan ,aided by many Catholic ladies of New York, Washington and other cities, undertook the great work henceforth known as tlmNational Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, thus giving a nation-wide significance to the new temple, and enlisting in its erection the hearts of millions of American Catho- lics, whose eagerness to honor the glorious Mother of God in this traditional way was at once manifested by their cordial approval and cooperation. In 1913 the little periodical, Salve Regina, was established as themain agency of the great religious enterprise, and has accomplished Wonders in the way of making known the nature and purpose of the National Shrine and arousing Catholic generosity in its favor. From a modest beginning it has. grown to a great'circulation, until now in its daily mail are found letters from every State in the Union, also from Canada, South America and other foreign countries. In 1915 Rev. Dr. Bernard A. McKenna was appoifited Secretary to B-sto Shahan, and was by him entrusted with the active management of Salve Reina and the collection of the necessary funds. In 1914 Plus X commended the National Shrine to the generosity of American Catholics in a beautiful letter addressed to Cardinal Gibbons and he American bishops. He also made a large donation to Bishop Shahan, saying at the same time that he owed too much to Mary Immaculate not to seize every occasion of making known her honor and glory to all men. Benedict XV has been no less devoted to the success of the National Shrine, and in his' noble letter of last year to the American bishops urged them and the Catholic laity not to remit their efforts until the glorious temple of Mary Immaculate was completed. He said: "May the day soon dawn when you, Venerable Brethren, will rejoice at the completion of so grand an undertaking. Let the good work be pushed rapidly to completion, and for that purpose let everyone who glories in the name of Catholic contribute more abundantly than usual to the collection for this church, and not individuals alone, but also all your societies, those par- ticularly which, by their rule, are bound to honor in a special way the Mother of God. Nor in this holy rivalry should your Catholic women be content with second place, since they are committed to the promotion of the glory of Mary Immaculatedn proportion as it redounds to the glory of their own sex." He added that in due time he would send to W_ashington for the Sanctuary of the National 'Shrine a Mosaic of the Immaculate Conception made in the (Continued on page 5.) JEWEL GIFTS COME FROM NEAR AND FAR EMBELLISH SHRINE lrong Faith of All Manner of Peo- ple Manifested in Dona- tions. (l;y N. C. W. C. News Service.). Washington. D. C., Sept. 20.So many devoted Catholics in this coun- try and foreign lands have sent gems Rev. Bernard'A. McKenna, S. T. D., Secretary. and jewels as their offerings toward the garnishment of the National Cath- oie Shrine of the Immaculate Con- ception to be built in Washington, D. C., that a large safi deposit recep- tacle intended for their protection has become too small to accommodate them, and anoth6r and larger one Js about to be rented. I Tiny baby rings, a society woman's. diamonds, a young man's cigarette case, a child's medal, an old man's gold-rimmed spectacles--all these, and hundreds of stranger and better gifts besides, are:in this collection.' No one can yet say what the worth in money of all these tokens of faith and fervor be, but it doubtless will be e- may pressed later in terms of thousands of dollars. Donations of Diamonds. One of the most valuable of the offerings that have come thus far is a cluster of, diamonds. They are ems of pure white and experts have put their worth at more than $3,000. They were given by a Washington woman. A diamond pendant, valued at $400, a lavaliere in which are set,more than 100 diamonds, large and small, and worth $1,800, an engagement ring jeweled with diamonds an4 sapphires and of a value exceeding $800, are among the richest of the gifts. Brook!yn Woman Wills Jewels. A yodng man from Brooklyn stepped into Dr. McKenna's office only a few days ago and deposited on the latter's desk a little bundle tied in a white cloth. It contained all the jew- els which the young man's mother possessed, and which she directed him, a short time before her death, to give to the Shrine. All Kinds of Gifts. Nearly every day Dr. McKenna ha.s from two and a hal to a dozen callers bearing gifts. 'May ofhese come from distant parts' of  United States and not a few f foreign Countries. One man gave, a 'gold nget--he lives in Colorado. An Ameliean sol- dier in Hawaii hade an offering of his diamond ring. A veteran of the Civil (Conifnud on Page 8.) Number 15 CATHOLIC WOMEN URGED TO VOTE Catgdinai Gibbons Points ()tit Danger to Catholicism of Radical Suffragi is. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Washington. D. C., Sept. 20.--CaSh- olic women of the Uned States will be urged by the highest authorities of the Church to exercise the right of suffrage which has been conferred upon them by the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the Federal Constitution. Any doubt that may have existed as to whether the good infludnce of Catholic we]hen would be exerted' to promote the best policies and to elect the most upright and .broad-minded officials in the nation and State was entirely dissipated when His Emin- ence Cardinal Gibbons, who formerly opposed the enfranchisement of women, urged them to use tlm ballot "not only as a riglt but as a strict social duty." Even members of the Catholic Sis- terhood will be impressed with the necessity of voting in all elections hereafter." The Sisters of the Holy Cross, whose Mother house is at St. Mar's, Notre Dame, Indiana, have been authorized by their Superior General, Sister M. Aquina, to register and vote at the forthcoming election, now that they have the right to do so. l'hose Sisters of this Order who are of foreign birth have been instructed to acquire American citizenship as soon as possible. ,It is expected that other orders of women will quickly receive authori- zation from their Superiors to qualify themselves for the ballot. In several communities, notably Detroit, Sisters have already enrolled themselves as voters and cast their ballots in recent primary elections. This they did with the approval of the heads of their respective Orders and of the Ordina- ries of the diSceses. Cardinal Gibbons, who laser week gave a short statement to the secular press in which he explained that now voman's suffrage is a fact he favored' wmen's exercising the right of fran- chise, made his position more clea in an amplified statement given ex- clusively to the N. C. W. :C. News Service. In this statement Cardinal Gibbons points out that the announced purpose of some of the more radical suffragists constitute a menace to Catholic principles, and he calls upon Catholi  women to use all their in- flunce to safeguard the Church and' the State against the danger. Cardinal Gibbons' statement fop l ows: Cardinal's Statement. "While I have always been opposed to Woman's Suffrage because I felt that political activities would tend to withdraw women from.the more deli- cate and sacred pursuits of home life, now, however, that the vote is theirs, I strongly urge upon all of hem the exercise of suffrage, not only as a right but as a strict social duty. aThe Catholic' Church, following the teachings of the Gospel, proclaims woman as the peer of man. The in- fluence of the Church deexoyed the Pagan degradation and servility of woman and lifted her to the highest levels of respect, and ,of power m so- ciety. The histo*y o the last" 2,000 years contains no more glorious chap- ter than the one which shows the in- fluence of Christianity in elevating the social status of woman; and the his- tory of the Catholic Church is replete with incidents and is adorned' with personalities exhibiting the splendid deeds of individual women, and, what is still bettor, the mighty moral and spiritual influence of emancipated womanhood. In the ,ethical sphere, the power of Christian womanhood has been, and still is, one o[ the firm- est and most essential pillars of hu- man sOciety. "Although the exercise of this ethi- cal influence and this spiritual power may be invaded and lessened by the, demoralizing effects upon woman ais: (Continued on p'e ) !/:. ) ;i