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September 23, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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September 23, 1938

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THE GUARDIAN, SEPTEMBER 23, 1938 PAGE FIVE" War Absorbs of Government Address Delegates I Good Counsel Bazaar Benefits New Church {E}.IRegardless of that separates the from the scene of is giving at- all-absorbing ques- to keep out of war. departments a r e of Amer- Legislators are [to revive interest in to require that a be taken before the to war. The embargo legis- q VIVE ? from Page 1) always been con- Onslder the condition who take their dictators as Herr sending out or- !h0W the Austrians shah dancing teach- a rigid examtna- t Week&apos;s instruction in dances of Ger- llerlin rules are very will have to be to regulations. In COurse of events the be doing the have always been for their grace than But there is the f brute strength, which Calculations. Hitler with a host of His power is how- The Catholic lermanent power and the end of time. but not with the or a Mohammed. free. They may and take the cerise- terrible day is tom- who scoff at God's tremble in the awful the Omnipotent God. yet time these proud bend the neck. and rant and defy but wee to them into the hands of God. picture "BOy's was presented in Over the country last t Dleasant change from of show. It was and instructive be- its humorous parts a real human prob- was well attend- to be hoped that a was driven home. of all why Father to found such an There were a large aimllar establishments and supported by What did he have not have? Why du- It is one thing to to equip insti- ls quite another to hand like that of Each lndivid- and must be given It is a twenty- to train young peo- Flanagan gave his Work. Hired hands time off. They are regular pay days. Women who dedicate | to God's service are in God's work and salvation. That of the efficient work in schools, hospitals t institutions under the ,the Catholic Church. and brothers see in individuals commit- care the image of" Christ's sweet sake and late to bring service. The world its homes broken of divorce and its at- men and we- unselfish lives in the Youth. Even parents, by the materialistic in which they live, cred duties imposed GOd. Worse than bad example and who should of their eye. If chil- li they are bold, t their duties, criminals who God made them in- Imre. The responsi- Vil rests upon those In. Hospital 0C).__The Most Rev. Alencastre, SS. CC. to Hawaii, is con- Francis Hospital in aVing been advised by to take a complete efforts on the part Alencastre toward of testimonies in the Damien's beati- with his other apes, resulted in his dis- lation is under discussion. For- eign trade complications are un- der scrutiny. No one wants war. To the pro- 3osal that the United States should hold aloof from foreign conflict there is no dissenting voice. But daily it becomes more obvious that the question is a practical one. Moreover, it changes from day to day. It hinges not only upon what the United States might want to do but upon what other nations embroiled in the conflict might do to the United States. Playing the role of innocent by- stander in an international strug- gle of this kind involves the ex- ercise of diplomatic agility and the utmost vigilance. For one thing, the international situation, in this respect, does not parallel that preceding the World War. Through Ambassador Ken- nedy, in London, Great Britain is keeping the United States in- formed of what it is doing and what moves are being made on the complicated international chess board. This country will be bet- ter prepared to avoid the pitfalls that might beset its course and to anticipate the difficulties it might encounter. The President, commenting up- on an earlier statement, has rather pointedly declared that the sym- pathy, expressed or implied, with the democratic nations does not mean that the United States is ready to or intends to join forces with them. Quite the contrary. Nevertheless, the sympathy is on .Delegates from ev'sry.dlocese .of that side. To hold it within the the country'are'.'expected to at:. limits o strict neutrality is one ,tend.the 24thannual :meeting of of the difficulties to be faced. ,the.NationalConference)ofCatk There is a loner vie . - [olic'Charities,'ln Rich, g w to De ] mend, Va.,'October 9 to i2, 1938.' taken of the situation which is I The address of welcome will be not being overlooked. Battle lines I given by" the Mont Rev. Peter" L. are becoming more clearly drawn. I Ireton (above), Coadjutor Bishop Fascism is arrayed against Com-:and Apostolic Administrator of munism. Both are hostile to de- mocracy. The United States is not com- pletely isolated from this strug- gle ,as the House Committee in- vestigating subversive activities shows. Fascism and Communism are both too weak to parade in the open here. ut they are try- ing to gain a foothold in other countries in the Western Hemis- phere. There is a sprinkling of Fascism and Communism in South and Central America. If the Su- deten Germans belong to the Reich, because they are of Ger- man blood, it may be insisted that the Germans in Chile belong to the Reich for the same reason. That view is taken even by the Nazi "bunds" which are building an apparent nucleus in the United States itself. These considerations are too re- mote to have a substantial bear- ing upon the present situation and what the United States is going to do about it, but they may have some effect in molding American policy. Geographical barriers have come to play a less impor- tant part in international con- flicts. The airplane has mini- mized the importance of the Brit- ish fleet as a wall of defense. Air- lanes and submarines both can cross the oceans which have been the best guaranty of American isolation. The preservation of neu- trality has, accordingly, become more complicated. If the international tension should become acute, there is a possibility that the Presid'et might call a special session of Congress. Of this there is no present indica- tion. If one is called it would probably be to take legislative ac- tion necessary to implement a neu- trality policy. BI. Mother Is Made Patroness Of Spanish Navy London. (E).--Word has been re- ceived from Burgos that ,General France has named Our Lady of Mount Carmel Patroness of the Spanish Nationalist Navy. The Spanish people have always had a great devotior/ to our Lady under this title, and the popular veneration to La Virgen d'el Car- men has stamped itself indelibly on the national life. For centuries the Spanish mer- chant fleet has placed itself un- der the protection of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, and, in 1931, King Alphonso XIII had named her Patroness of the fleet. In the thirteenth century Saint Simon Stock, to whom Our Lady gave the Brown Scapular, in his poem, "Flower of Carmel," re- ferred to Mary as the "Star of the Sea." It was a prophecy which has now been fully realized. July 16, the Feast of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel, will in the future be of- ficially celebrated by the fleet in all Spanish ports. the Diocese of Pdchmond. Gover- nor Frank Murphy (below) of Michigan will speak on, "Chris- [an IdealB and Indtmtrial Pra ,t4cc&"  (Bachrach-hoto.) Doctrinal Class Inaugurated At Wynne Wynne, Ark.--A regular class in Christian Doctrine and Bible History will be inaugurated on Saturday, September 24 and will continue throughout the school year for the many children of St, Peter's who do not have the op- portunity of attending a Catholic school. Father Doyle who will conduct the class has secured a movie camera which will be used in depicting the life of Christ as well as the entire study of the Baltimore Catechism. T h e s e glasses will be attended by some 40 children. In connection with the Altar i Soctety, a Discussion Club will be formed in order that Catholics of this section will become better acquainted with their Holy Relig- ion. The people of this parish were happy to have in their midst for three days, the Rev. James Al- len, professor at St. John's Home Mission Seminary. A novena in honor of Saint Theresa, Little Flower of Jesus will begin at. St. Peter's, Sunday, September 25. Czech Catholic Umon Elects New Officers : Chicago. 0).  At the closing business session of the Czech Cath- olic Union of Women here today officers were elected as follows: President, Mrs. Marie Kral, Cic- ero; vice presidentl Mrs. Theresa I Dvorak, Cicero; secretary, Mrs. Anna Veverka, Cleveland; treas- urer, Mrs. Elizabeth Souhrada Berwyn;' directors, Mrs. B. Mik, St. Louis; Mrs. Catherine Matcha Omaha; Mrs. Marie Janda, Cleve :land, and Mrs. Charles Kronek Cleveland; chaplain, the Reverend Ernest Zizka, O. S. B., Lisle, Ill.; Revtsion 'Committee, Mrs. Juli Benes, Cicero, 'Mrs. Marie Prusa Chicago, Mrs. Marie Kunesl CleVe- land, and Mrs. Marie Holicky, Cleveland. A union of the Bohemian Ro- man Catholic Central Union and the Catholic Union of Czech Wo- men was formally effected. St. Louis was chosen as the place for the 1942 convention. A cablegram of greeting to President Benes of Czechoslovakia was sent by the convention, which was attended by 200 women from 24 states and' Canada. Little Rock.  Tuesday night, September 13, all Societies of Good Counsel parish met at the i parish hall to make plans for the annual bazaar. This affair, the largest activity of the year, will benefit the building fund for the new church, towards which alI members of the congregation have been working for some time. The date for the bazaar was set for Wednesday, October 5. Mr. Frank Mullen was appoint- ed Acting Chairman with Mrs. Charles Hum and Mr. Curtis Sluy- ter, Sr., as acting secretary and treasurer respectively. The fol- lowing committees were appoint- ed: For the supper, Mrs. M. J. DiN Ion, chairman, will be assisted by Mrs. J. E. Page, Mrs. Frank Mul- len, Mrs. Wecker, Mrs. Paul Bu- iarski, Mrs. Lorene Allen, Mrs. Will Dillon, Mrs. Jesse Wendler and Mrs. Steve Mullen. Mrs. W. F. Bergman will be in charge of the dining room. Supper will be served in the hall from 5 until 8 p.m. The price will be 35 cents for adults and 25 cents for chil- dren. The committee for the supper tickets is composed of Mr. Frank DeClerk, chairman, assisted by Mr. Wm. Flynn, Mr. J. E. Gehrki and Mr. Chas. Coyne. The Bingo committee is com- posed of Mr. Harry Snider, chair- man, assisted by John Burkel, Robert Peters, Leo Roelle, Charles Hooker, John Powers, Granville Sutton and Charles Hum. Mrs. Harry Snider and Mrs. Charles Hooker will be in charge of the prizes for the bingo booth. Three beautiful grand prizes, hand crocheted bedspread's will be given away. Mr. Curtis Sluyter, Frank DeClerk, Frank Mullen and Chas. Hum make up this committee. The Hot Dog and Hamburger stand will be in charge of Mrs. D. B. Harper, chairman, assisted by Mrs. H. L. Bailey and Mrs. James Murphy. The children of the parish will have charge of the Fish Pond, Ice Cream, Cold Drinks and the Novelty booth. They will be as- sisted by Mrs. Charles Hooker. The St. Anthony Society will have charge of the Trading Post with Mary Ellen Garrett acting as chairman. She will be assisted by Thelma Dural and Tillte Berg . Armour McFarland is in charge i of the Penny Board. He will be assisted by Charles Clark. The Cane Game will be in: charge of Dalton Daley and Everett Austin. Richard Brugnone is chairman of the Hoop-La Game, assisted by William Greenwood. The committee in charge off erecting booths is composed of Mr. J. E. Gehrki, Mr. C. J. Urbani Mr. Curtis Sluyter, Mr. William Flynn and Mr. Joe Murhpy. An attendance prize will be given away Wednesday night at 10:30 and the three grand prizes and other articles will be given away. Catholics Honored By Holland's Queen The Hague. OC).On the occa- sion of th ejubilee marking the fortieth anniversary of her coro- nation, Queen Wilhelmina has conferred high distinctions on i prominent Catholics of Holland. The Order of the Lion of the Netherlands has been conferred upon the Most Rev. J. P. Huibers Bishop of Haarlem; the Most Rev. P. J. WiUekens, Vicar Apostolic of Batavia, and the Most Rev. H. J. Valenberg, O. M. Cap., Vicar Apostolic of Pontianak. A special meeting of the Vol- untary Landsturm also commemo- rated the Queen's jubilee. The Landsturm has 3,200 members, most of whom are Catholics. Ad- dressing the 'meeting, P. J. M. Aalberse, Minister of State, who was a member of the Cabinet in 1918 when the country was threatened with Bolshevism, rg- called that it was in that year that the Landsturm was organized to defend the throne. Colored Catholic Re-Elected President Washington. 00.--Dr. T. W. Tur- ner was re-elected president of the Federation of Colored Cath-! olics at the annual meeting held here. Three hundred delegates attended from Maryland', Pennsyl- vania, New Jersey, New York and the District of Columbia. The principal speaker was the Rev. W. J. Walsh, S, J., of Saint Ignatius church, West Philadel- i phia. Other addresses were de- livered by Dr. Leon A. Ransom of the Howard University School i of Law and the Rev. G. M. Ran- kin, of St. Augustine's church Washington. States Luther Did Not Compose Famous Hymn Pittsburgh. (E)--Martin Luther was not the composer of the am- ous choral Ein' feste Burg (A Mighty Fortress is Our God), or of any of the other hymn-tunes ascribed to him, declares Dr. Cas- par P. Koch in a paper on "The Catholic Influence of Bach," de- livered at the 1938 convention of I the Catholic Organists Guild of I Pittsburgh and published current-[ ly in The Pittsburgh Catholic. ! Dr. Koch is a member of the faculty of Carnegie Institute of Technology, organist of Holy Trin- ity Church (Carmelite), here, and for many years has been engaged  by the City of Pittsburgh to give the weekly free organ recitals in Carnegie Music Hall. Although every hymnal contain- ing Ein' feste Burg ascribes both words and music to Martin it is a significant fact, Dr. Koch states, "that during Luther's life- time not a single hymn-tune was attributed to him." "Some 10 years after his death Sleidamus, Luther's first bio- grapher, credited him with the authorship of both text and music of Ein' feste Burg," he says. "By the end of that century no less than 137 hymn tunes were being attributed to him. But nineteenth century research has played havoc with these fairy tales. "By the turn of the century the number had been reduced to three, all others having been traced to other sources. And what is the score today? None at all. Some 50 years ago Baeumker, Catholic hymnologist, had demonstrated in the 'Monatshefte fuer Musik- geschicte' that all the phrases of the melody were taken from] Gregorian chant. That still left  Luther with the credit of having cleverly strung together various Gregorian phrases into one homo- geneous whole. But that, too, was not the end. I am indebted to Dr. Wilhelm Middelschulte, Chica- go arganist of international repu- tation, himself a Lutheran, for the following information: " 'The melody of Ein' feste Burg is found in a motet by Johann Walther, line for line, in 1524. Luther wrote his stanzas five years later, in 1529. The proof of this statement is found in an article by Bernhard Ziehn, famous theor- ist, in the "Allgemeine Musik- zeitung" about 30 years ago. Zeihn quotes the melody from Walther's motet and compares it with the melody of Ein' feste Burg, and he concludes his article, "this proves that A mighty fortress was not built by Luther." Koenig's Deut- sche Ltteratur-geschichte states the same thing.' "Wihelm Nelle, prominent Lu- theran hymnologist, finally ac- knowledges with philosophic com- placency that 'not a single melody, not even Ein' feste Burg, can with certainty be ascribed to Luther.' Dr. Koch points out that Johann Sebastian Bach was strongly in- !luenced by the music of the Cath- olic liturgy and by the works of Catholic polyphonists and organ- ist-composers, including Pales- trina, Frescobaldi and Vivaldi. References to the great master l as a Protestant or Lutheran church composer are inaccurate, Dr. Koch says. FEAST OF THE WEEK Recall War Work Of Cardinal Hayes in Eulogy Cleveland. (E).Memories of the days when he served with His Eminence Patrick Cardinal Hayes in directing the activities of the National Catholic War Council in the dark days of the world con- flict were recalled by the Most Rev. Joseph Schrelnbs, Bishop of Cleveland, at a Pontifical Requiem Mass celebrated at St. John's Ca- thedral Tuesday. In his eulogy of the great pre- late, Bishop Schrembs said: "You have come here this morn- ing at my invitation to honor the memory of Patrick Joseph Cardi- nal Hayes. You have united with me in your offering of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, and the Church's prayers for the repose of his soul. War Work Recalled "Cardinal Hayes was one man in a million, and yet, withal he was as gentle, as simple and hum- ble as a child. It was my privilege to have known him and to have been associated with him most intimately for almost 20 years. During the days of the World War, we were associated in the National Catholic War Council whose duty it was to look after !the spiritual and tempera 1 welfare of our boys, both in our own encampments here in the United States as well as over seas, where greater dangers for soul and body awaited them. I can tell you from my own experience how wise and how prudent were his counsels, and how he ever distinguished himself by his kind- ness and his loving care for those who were exposed to so many dangers. And those who were left behind  mothers with aching hearts -- fathers whose shoulders had to bear the burden alone-- relatives and friends  they all looked to him to share their anxie- ties--and to cheer them, and he never, never failed them. "And when the War was over he was raised to the dignity--and the burdens of the Archbishopric of probably the largest See in the United States---the larger the See the greater is the responsibil- ityand the harder the work. As Archbishop he endeared himself to the glory of the world passeth away.' This is done to remind the Pope that he must never forget that in spite of all the dignityall the honor that is emptied out on him, he'is stIP just a plain, simple man. He must never allow him- self to be carried away by pride. He must never become one who looks down upon the common peo- ple. '"Well, from my knowledge of Cardinal Hayes, and from the knowledge of all who ever came in contact with him, you would think that he had that 'flax' be- fore his eyes all the day of his life. He was crowned with the highest dignity the Holy Father can be- stow. Buthe never, never for- got that he was just the simple Catholic priest and Archbishop. "And as he lived--in the spirit of God--with prayer on his lips, so he died. He retired Saturday night as usual; they found him dead in the morning. It seemed that God had' heard his prayer. He was accustomed to place a small pillow under his head--for a while---after retiringin order to keep him awake for awhile, as he spent a little more time in prayer; then when entirely fin- ished, he would remove the pil- low. When his body was found-- the pillow was still underneath his head--proving that he was still in prayer when the stroke came to him, putting an end to his life. Father's Club To Have Bingo Party Catholic High Little Roek.--The Catholic High Fathers' club will sponsor their regular monthly bingo party, benefit Catholic High, on Wednes- day, September 28, at the school. Mr. Harry W. Elliott and com- mittee expect an even greater at- tendance than the past meetings. The Fathers' club at Catholic High is taking a very active in- terest in the welfare of the school. The largest number of men in many months attended the last meeting of the club. With his flock; he was ever the same! the growth of the school enroll- gentle, kind, loving, humble fa-! ment it is expected that many ther. His priests, his religious, new members will Join the club. and his people idolized him,yet he was always the same. Veteran Jesuit Missioner Dies "I am reminded here of an in- Tiensln. 0D.Veteran of the cident that takes place on the oc- Slenhsien Mission, the Rev. Raph- casion of the enthronement of a ael Gaudissart has died here. A new Pope. The new Pope is car- native of France, he entered the ried in solemn processionin St. Society of Jesus 62 years ago. He Peter's--high above the heads of taught in his homeland for years the people. About every 15 and then came to China 40 years minutes the procession halts, and ago. a young cleric, with lighted taper in hand--takes a piece of flax--LADIZS' AND HITS allowing it to burn while he raises N'S it before the eyes of the new Pope, and sings words the Latin trans- lation of which is: 'It is thus We Sneciallze (Continued from page 4) while praying before the taber- nacle at midnight on the feast of in Ladies', Men's the Angels, A. D. 938. THURSDAY, September 29--St. and Children's Michael the Archangel, the cap- tain of the armies of God', the WHOLE SOLES type of divine fortitude, the cham- pion of every faithful soul in We Also (trry a Cnlete strife with the powers of evil. He led the heavenly hosts in the Line of Arch Suppor conflict which resulted in the since i ovehrow of Lucifer. Ever  [ the coming of Christ he has rch beenl/ IOHNNIE , venerated by the Chu as a[ d: ....... I I special'patron and protector. | il"lU i< ItUI [ FRIDAY, September 3O.--Saint 1413 Louisiana Ph. $0 Jerome, Doctor, was born in Dal- i maria, A. D., 329 and was sen to school at Rome. After distin- guishing himself by his brilliancy in his studies he obeyed the call of God'and, making a vow' ef celibacy, fled from Rome to the Syrian desert where for four years he learned the lesson of divine wisdom in solitude, penance, and' prayer. He was recalled to Rome by the Pope and given the task of revising the Latin Bible which was to constitute his noblest work. STURDAY, October 1.--Saint Remigius, sometimes known as Remi, was the son of noble and pious parents. He was acclaimed Arehisbop of Rheims when he was only 22 years old. To him is accorded the distinction of hav- ing converted and baptized Clovis, King of the Franks, who at that time was wresting the north of France from the Romans. The King was baptized on Christmas Day, A. D., 496, and his people followed their ruler in acceptance of the true Faith. Remigus also Phone 4-7661 opposed the Arians in the South of France and when he died in 533, the nation was a Catholic kingdom. CLEAIED AND BLOCKI M oR RISe N TIIE IIATTER Hegarty Drug Co. Corner Fourth and Main Sts. Phone 9111 IJttle Rock, Ark. Taylor & Richter Incorporated All Lines of Insurance Except Life 406 Louishum