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Arkansas Catholic
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September 23, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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September 23, 1938

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PAC FOUR THE GUARDIAN, SEPTEMBER 23, 1938 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Dloeese od' Little Reek, Arkansas 309/s WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911. at the post office at Ldttle Rock. Arkansas, under the act of Catagress of March 8. 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian Is the official organ of the Dlocess of L/ttl* Rock and I /h'y God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of rllht, Justice aBd truth and an ardent defender of the rellslon we all love so well. | extend to It my blesslns w/tb the sincere hope that its career my be lonp and prosperous. $OHN B. MORRIS. Bishop of Little Rock EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT REVEREND THOMAS L. KEANY. Ph. D., Editor &as*elate Editors : Rt. Rev. Msgr. James P. M *ran, LL. D. ; Very Rev. Msgr. Joseph A. GldlAgber, M. A.; Rev. Lawrence Hoyt, O. S. B.; Rev. James E. O'Connell0 M. A.; Rev. Patrick M. Lynch, B. A. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Esiness Manager. and all matter intended for publication should reach The Gusrdlan office not later than Tuesday at nOOh. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST 3091/s WEST SECOND STREET Phone 5486 for AdvevtlsInz Rates SPONSOB OF SERVICES Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas SEPTEMBER 23, 1938 A CARDINAL DIES; A POPE LIVES SOME YEARS Before his death, Pope Benedict XV, created three new Cardinals. During the ceremony of conferring the Red Hats, the Pope remarked that one of the new Cardinals would be his successor. They were Cardinals Ratti, Luurentl and Tacci. The Pope addressing the Consistory said, "There has been a generous distribution of red during the past few days and soon there will be a distribution of white and the white robes will surely fall upon one of you." On February 5, 1922, fifty-three Cardinals were gath- ered in the Sistine Chapel to elect a Pope to succeed Pope Benedict XV. The balloting the two previous days showed no candiate with the necessary two-thirds vote. Each sue- essive ballot showed Cardinal Laurenti with an increasing number of votes. At the first afternoon ballot the Secretary announced that Cardinal Camille Laurenti had received the necessary two-thirds. He was elected Pope. Following the custom Cardinal Vannutel]i, dean of the College of Cardinals, approached the throne of Cardinal Laurenti, bowed, asked him the question, (in Latin), "Dost thou accept thy election which designates thee canonically to the Supreme Pontifi- cate" All present waited for the answer. Cardinal Laurenti an- swered: "It is my wish that this high office pass into the hands of another who is stronger and abler to carry the great bur- den." Amazement ran through the College for no one had expected such a statement. Eyes immediately turned to Achi]]e Ratti, Archbishop of Milan, who had received the second largest number of votes. Another ballot was cast and Cardinal Ratti was elected Pope, accepted, and chose the name of Pope Plus XI. Last Tuesday Cardinal Laurenti died. How different would have been the headlines of the world's newspapers on that day had he not answered, "no," to the question of the dean of the College in 1922. Last year those headlines expected to carry the news of the death of Pope Plus Xl. The recovery of the Pope  was phenomenal to say the least, With indomitable courage rand conviction he defied death. It was as if he said that in the present world crisis the Pope must not die. The world knows Pope Plus as the bulwark of civilization against Communism and a revival of paganism. His illness was undoubtedly due to grief and anxiety over the condition of the Church, and particularly in Spain, where thousands of Bishops, priests and religious have been massacred by the Reds. Science marveled when the venerable Pontiff was snatchedl from the valley of death. The faithful be]ievedl it a miracle; They do happen. It was believed that the miracle was wrought through the intercession of the Little Flower. Certainly it required more than a strong eonsdtution to explain his recoyery, especiall)" such a recovery which enables his actlvty of today. Som- "thing gave him strength When every fiber of his life cried out for the relief that death can give to one in such excessive pain. Something beyond human power gave him the strength to be able to carry on his duties so vigorously. If his re- covery was miraculous we may believe that Providence spared him for the special purpose of combatting the foes of the Church and Religion. There is extraordinary need for him. He will already go down in history as one of the most glor- ious Vicars of Christ on earth. His temperament, his sagacity his diplomacy, his piety, his courage, his ability are needed at the helm of the Bark of Peter. God has spared him for a purpose. That should raise our hopes that the world will soon emerge from its present welter of fear, distress, and hatreds. Pope Pius has been fortified and lives on to per- form some extraordinary work that God has set for him. May God give him even greater blessings and long may he reign. Last month he uttered a statement bearing on death. His conquering death gave to it added meuning. Bravely, and with conviction, he spoke to the forces ull over the world that oppose righteousness, "He who strikes the Pope, dies." No stronger statement has been made by a reigning Pon- tiff in centuries. Great is its meaning. True it is. The day m'll come, and God grant it be a distant day, when three times Pope Plus' name will be called, and receiving no an- swer, an official will announce, "The Pope is Dead." Yet the Papacy will live. Another Pope will be elected. The See of Peter will be occupied. The imperishable Church of Christ will live and the unending line of Popes will continue. A CHARITY PROGRAM CARDINAL HAYES' Body has been lovingly borne to its "last resting place, to sleep with gentle Archbishop Corrigan and the energetic Cardinal Farley, two illustrious prelates un- der whom he served in the Priesthood. His death evoked in- numerable tributes of praise from the great, Catholic and non- Catholic. Many a silent tribute has passed the lips of little ones who knew him us their friend, as one ever interested in their welfare, and one who did much to help them with their problems. The deceased Archbishop will be known to posterity as the "Cardinal of Charity." The key to his marvelous at- tractiveness of character, the secret of the magic influence of his presence ,the persuasive effect of his words, uttered over the council table, from the pulpit or the public platform, was that he was always living up to the realization that he was the Priest of the All-High God. His Charity was the Charity of a Priest of Christ, another Christ. A few months after his enthronization as Archbishop of New York sa.w the launching of his charities program. It was the reaffirmation and adaptation to modern conditions, of the sacred ministry of charity, the sacred heritage bequeathed to 'the Church by Christ and apostolic tradition. It was the vindi- cation of the right of the Church, in the pursuit of that min- istry, to be ever close to her children in time of bereavement, illness, distress and affliction, whether of body or soul. It was the Catholic answer to so-called social service dominated by secular philosophic principles and control. This Christ like program has been maintained with steadfastness and efficiency. It has been broadened since its first beginnings, extended so charitably that it has become the model organization, emu- lated all over the Catholic world. But grand though such a vast network may be from a structural viewpoint, it would be but a body without a soul, a cold thing, a strictly business-like thing, except for the continuous inspiring and inspiriting idealism breathed into it by its creator and sustainer, Patrick Cardinal Hayes. Legislative measures planned to alleviate the poor, which are not motivated by Charity or Justice, we have seen, most frequently leads to greater discontent among the poor. Many governmental agencies have become the laughing stock of the country. One particular alphabetical administration has been the subject of more sarcastic jokes and puns, than anything else in the past five years. The fact that the method of some of these measures has sapped all ambitious energy from the pro- verbial ambitious, energetic American, is too evident to men- tion. Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of New York was and is an immense thing. It could and would have been choked with stifling sentimentalism, gagged with favoritism and smallness, bound with red tape, had it not been motivated by true Christian Charity. That Charity is classically described by Saint Paul, "Charity is patient, is kind; .charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely; is not puffed up; is not ambitious seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil .... beareth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. Charity never falleth away .... " As a watchful priestly guard Cardinal Hayes often crossed swords with those who attempted to befoul the fair name of Charity. In season and out of season he never seemed to tire of preaching with Saint Paul: "Above all these things have charity, which is the bond of perfection." Thus he enthused Priests and people to deliver abundantly and eloquently the proof that their Catholic Faith is alive and not dead. His in- spiration will see to it that this noble work of the Cardinal of Charity will endure. No more fervent benediction will be pro- nounced over his memory and no more efficacious prayer will ascend to heaven than those of the poor whom he loved and who revered him as their friend. ,am FEASTS OF TiE WEEK SUNDAY, September 25.---Saint Firmin, Bishop and Martyr, a na- tive of Pampelone in Navarre, was initiated in the Christian faith by Honestus, a disciple of St. Sat- urninus. He preached the Gospel in the remoter parts of Gaul, in Ages, Anjou, and Veaubais, and set up his residence at Amiens. There her received the crown of martyrdom. MONDAY, September 26.reSts. Cyprian and Justina, martyrs. In ehriy life Cyprian was devoted to the black arts of magic and to idolatry and astrology. Being im- pressed by the strength of char- acter of a Christianlady, Justina, he embraced the Faith and when the persecution under Diocletian broke Out, both he and Justian were martyred: TUESDAY, September 27.--Sis. Cosmas and Dafiaiah, marytr;' were born in Arabia and educated in Syria. They became noted for their skill in medicine and prac- ticed their profession without tak- ing fees. Under the persecution of Diocletian they wre appre- hended and after many tortures were bound hand' and foot and cast into the sea. WEDNESDAY, September 28. St. Wenceslaus, martyr, was the son of a Christian Duke of Bo- hemia but his mother was a pagan. He was educated in the Faith by his grandmother Lud- milla. His mother attempted to seize the government when his fa- ther died and formed a combina- tion with her second son Boles- laus. Together they persecuted the Christians and fought against Wenceslaus who had managed to retain possession of a large part of the territory. He was murder- ed treacherously by his brother (Continued on Page 5) Words of Encouragement A False Idea .... St. Paul says, "Rejoice in the Lord always, and again I say, re- joice." (Phil. iv 4). If we want to serve God, joy should be not only an element, it should be he staple of our life. Our difficulties are so great, our enemies so many, that unless we are supported by joy, we shan't do what God wants us :to do. It is a-point of great consequence. Thel'e is a sort of impression that in the service of God there: ought to be certain sobriety, an earnest- nessyes, sadness, which makes the distinction between the service of the world, and the service .of God; and that those who serve God must expect more tribulation and uneasiness of mind. Entirely false. "Again I Say, Rejoice." .... St. Paul, speaking under the di- rection of the Holy Spirit, says, "Rejoice, again I say, rejoice." If we think the ideal of a religious person / is to be sad, it is. quite wrong, it is the direct opposite to the truth. We are never so much fitted to cope with the difficulties of the spiritual life as when we are in joy. Acts of the Apostles. Read carefully the Acts of the Apostles: no one can read them without being struck by the spirit of buoyance and exaltation that fills and pervades them; one might almost call it high spirits. The Apostles carried their lives in their hands; they were scourg- ed, and came forth from their severe flogging full of joy, re- joicing they were found worthy to suffer for their Lord. We cer- tainly then can't be doing wrong in making our lives lives of joy. | Q UES TION B OX I am a non-Catholic married! to a Catholic man. To become a Catholic must I be married again i in the Church. (Ours was a civil ceremony). Is a wedding ring ab- solutely necessary when married in the Catholic Church For a Catholic to be validly mar- ried, the marriage must take place before a priest and two witnesses. A civil ceremony is invalid as far l as a Catholic is concerned', whether the marriage is between two Cath- olics or between a Catholic and a non-Catholic. The Church does not legislate with regard to the mar- riage of two non-Catholics. Their marriage is valid whether per- formed before a Protestant min- ister or civil authority. Your Catholic consort must realize that in the eyes of God there is no marriage in your case. To one having the faith there can be no happiness until the attempt- ed marriage has been rectified. Try to influence your Catholic partner to see his pastor. It will promote happiness between you when the union has the blessing of God. The marriage between a Catholic and a non-Catholic takes place not in the church but usually in the priest's house, or in some other suitable place. The ceremonial requires the ring serv- ice. Any ring might be used and so ,in a sense the strict, "wed- ding ring" would not be required. We have heard of marriages being performed and an ordinary key ring being used for the service. This latter point is so much less important than the fact that your attempted marriage must be per- formed before a priest and two witnesses to make it valid. If you are passing a Church and want to stop and make a visit, is it not true that g woman is not supposed to do so unless she is wearing a hat? It is required that a woman wear a covering of some kind on her head when entering a church. Notice we do not say a hat is absolutely necessary. Any cov- ering of the head will suffice. At times it may be perfectly all right to make the visit using a scarf or head, kneeling before the Most Blessed Sacrament. Unavoidable circumstances may at times justify one in using a handkerchief as a head covering. The ridiculous should be avoided. At the elevation during the Mass when the priest raises the Host should you bow down, or should you look up? The head should be bowed dur- ing the consecration and the genu- flection of the priest. When the Host is elevated we should look up, and then bow again when the priest genuflects after placing the Host on the altar. The same ap- plies to the elevation of the Chal- ice. They are raised that the people may see and adore. We may gain an indulgence by saying the ejaculation of adoration "My Lord and my God," when the Host is elevated. Understand that none of this is binding under pain of sin. One may follow the impulse of their own piety. This way we have described seems to be more in keeping with the Liturgy. It is most proper, therefore, besides be- ing conducive to piety and fer- I vor. In making announcements of some feasts of the coming week Father refers to some of the Saints as Confessors. Please tell me what this means as I am told this has nothing to do with confession. In Church language in refer- ring to a saint, a confessor means a male saint who has not shed his blood for the Faith. If the Saint was a Bishop, but did not suffer martyrdom, he is referred to as Bishop and Confessor. I was told that we should make some other penance besides that which the priest gives In the Con- fesstonal. Is that right? A devout, contrite person will not be satisfied with merely the penance the priest imposes after the confession of sins. If one has a true valuation of sin he will perform voluntary works of mor- tification and penance to atone handkerchief over the head. We for sins of the past. It is a very can not refrain from stating how l laudatory thing to do for there ridiculous, indecorous, and ira-[remains the punishment due to proper it seems to us to see we-Isin after they have been forgiven. men and young ladies and girls[The Justice of GOd demands that kneeling with an absurdly loud levery man pay to the last farthing colored, small dimensioned pocket I for the offences against Almighty handkerchief perched on top of the I God. ii i Catholic A ction -- For You BY Rev. Claiborne Lafferty CATHOLIC SCHOOLS It is your duty to send your children to Catholic schools. The law of the Church states that all children must have a Catholic edu- cation. It is up to the Bishop to see that the laws of the Church are carried out in his diocese. Be- cause of lack of schools in some 91aces this is not forced and be- cause of the large numbers in over-whelmingly Catholic com- munities, it. is also impossible to provide places for all the chil- dren, However where there are sufficient facilities the Bishop has the duty to require parents to send their children to Catholtd schools. This is not merel)' a diocesan regu- lation, it is a':ule:of the Univer- sal 'Church. It is interpreted by each Bishop acoording to the needs of his flock. When your' children are in non- Catholic insti'tutidns, y0d are de- liberately" g6fng figainst the--law of your Church; you are actively fighting her. Christ said "He who is not with Me is against Mey Is he saying, that to you? Pro- testants have been overheard criticizing a non-catholic: parent for not allowing his child to go to a parochial school. "What kind of a man must he be to sign those promises and then not'tire up" to them?" That was criticism of: a Protestant by a Protestant; wha must they think of you Catholics i who defy your-Churchl :. T0-Day's Parable By FATHER STEDMAN FORBIDDEN CITY News of Lhasa, Tibet's forbid- !den city was recently brought back by an adventuring New Yorker. Some DO come back, but many have died on that peril- i ous Journey over the Himalayan Mountains. Blizzards, dust storms, peaks to be crossed 17,000 feet high. Yet there is even more dare- devil adventuring into forbidden cities right in our midst. Cer- tainly it is "daring the devil" to adventure into such forbidden places as a forbidden book. Many a time has such a proscribed book destroyed a soul by a sheer drop from the peak of virtue into a chasm of unlawful desire. To fly into a rage, that is one airplane journey to a forbidden city that we may not fly out of without serious scandal having been given to others by our bad words, hateful example. Scandal-giving gossip is a for- bidden city and so is many a dance: hall, and so is company not of! the right kind. Keep them spottedyour for- bidden cities, for though the ad- ,enture may be keen at the mo- ment, it may be killing to the best l that is in you. What Do You Know? (Answers on Page 8) 1. What is a church called that is used as a cathedral in a newly-created diocese until a suitable cathedral can be erected? 2. What are.p.ontifica.1 dec- orations? Can YoU. name the six papal orders of knight- hood? 3. What is the vOvd which is a literal translation of the phrase "ten words" (Exod., 34) and which is used to designate the Ten Commandments which God imposed on His people in the desert of'Sinai? 4. What was thename of the Italian writer and statesman (1469-1527) who, though he died a Christian, exhibited in his life and writings a dislike for Christian virtue and who is best known for the theory synomyous with treachery, in- trigue, subterfuge, and tyran- ny, expounded in his writings and bearing his name? 5. Why is the mountain of Karn Hattin in Galilee, near Nazareth and Cana, called the Mount of Beatitudes? In American JOSEPH Dr. O'_wyer is one of the leading laistory of medicine in States. His fame rests on his invention of a intubation for keeping open and so enabling to breathe in various which strictures of the cur. He received his early in the public schools Ontario, and then cine with a private years before entering of Physicians in lowing his graduation he place in the competitive ties for appointment to pital of New York City dent physician there he tracted cholera. He became a member of the the New York Foundling At this time he began, his invention of a the lives of children diptheria, many of from suffocation. ears of study an tion he succeeded in successful device and with having made one important practical coveries of his He subsequently self to the study of but was stricken with of a brain lesion, was to prove fatal. was a fervent Catholic, born in Cleveland, and died in New at 57 years of age. (N. C. W. C. * * * * * $ *A * OF PRAYER $ Prayer is a source of our hearts. It is a edy against dejection Cardinal Gibbons. Some men pray only World is dark, as night.--O'Malley. There is but one praying for in this it sometimes seems, that the will of God in and by us.---Christi Millions of voices weak tone Is heard by Him, Light, the Way, All Life, all Truth, of Love's ray; Clamor, O earth, hears my Pray more and Daily Tribune. The prayer most heard by GOd is the is backed up by ity.--St. Leo the What is Archimedes world, to the moving heaven by Miles. Thank God when bended knees for that in the act of fulfilling the Will oi Chapman. Those nations on would' do well to knees.Archbishop O faithful prayer! faith, Prayed in the long ago; O, Lord! crippled remain, But grant me ing truths to Anna (N. C. W. C. The time may be manner may be the answer is sure to a tear of sacred bt:eath of holy desire God will ever be owntime and waY back again in clouds fall in showers of you, and on those for pray Solomon tells us who suddenly is a very insolent a soul to become all fect master of had long served, it be vain and proud. We should never at imperfection or us; for we cannot : ourselves imperfect in there is no remedy for mility, since by this shall repair our faultS ally improve. /]