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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
September 20, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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PAGE TWO THE GUARDIAN, SEPTEMBER 20, 1930 ./ Published Weekly THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21. 1911. at the postoffice Little R.ock. Ark.. under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE$2.00 THE YEAR CHANGE OF ADDRESS When a change of address in desired the subscriber should give both the old and the new address. CORRESPONDENCE ~atter intended for publication in The Guardian should reach us ~nt later than Wednesday morninu. Brief news correspondence is always welcome. The kindness o the clergy in this matter is cer- tainly appreciated. RT. REV. MSGR. J. P. FISHER .......................... Business Manager All communications should be addressed to The Guardian, 307 West Second Street, Little Rock, Ark. OFFICIAL ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock ~ad I pray God that it may be an earnest champiop of the cause of right, justice and truth and au ffrdent defender of the religion which we all love so well. I extend to it my hlessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous, JNO. B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. ~16 SEPTEMBER 20, 1930 VARIOUS IMPORTANT INTERNATIONAL EVENTS. I. Revolutions in South America. Three South American revolutions in a row. What does that mean? These revolutions in Bolivia, Peru and the Argentine may mean three different things and they may mean only one thing. In this all three agree, that those who are now in power want something which the former governments re- fused to let them have. What may that be? What may that be? Because, for some time, nobody directly engaged in those revolutions will give us a clear-cut and trustworthy answer to that question, therefore, all we can do is to try to guess the answer. Three revolutions in three different states follow in quick succession. It looks as if the same or a similar cause set all three of them in motion. The cause may be mostly local and resulting from the general busi- ness depression felt throughout the world. Re- ligion does not seem to be involved directly. Rival industrial groups may have clashed, or political leaders may have grown tired waiting peaceful elections not yet due. Have you not other explanation for these three revolutions ? It is not at all excluded that foreign money is more guilty than anybody else. We are living i,n a time when competition between European and American business is extremely bitter. Look at our latest tariff law, for example, and the re- sentment it has caused inEuropean countries. Therefore, should the new governments of Bol- ivia, Peru and the Argentine prove more friendly to European business interests than the previous governments were, then we are tempted to con- elude that European money won a battle against United States money. But United States in- terests displayed unguarded satisfaction with the new regimes, our European rivals might have to concede at least temporary defeat. II is possible too, that European money won the clash in one case, American money the fight in the others. I can't understand how business rivals can resort to such dishonorable methods as to cause bloody revolutions? Men can get to queer transactions. It used to be a quite legitimate business to buy and sell human beings into slavery. Look at the game of politics, in our country and everywhere else, and you can see what little consideration selfish rivals exhibit in their fight for office and profits In our country we no longer go to war for the sake of political office and what's in it, but there's plenty of crooked work and also some occasional shooting. Bribery in politics and the buying off of candidates is pretty common. All this goes to show that bribery by the richer business rival can easily engineer a successful election and also a favorable political revolu- tion, either with or without bloodshed. And if that is what happened in South America, well, then we have at least a partial explanation of the last three revolutions. Will to'Be Independent of Britain Growing In India. Why do newspapers make so much of the re- fusal of Gandhi, the Indian nationalist leader, to come to terms with the British ? Mahatma Gandhi, with other leaders, was put in prison for urging the people of India to refuse obedience to the British government. lany millions of the people venerate Gandhi and willingly obey his directions. While Gandhi and some of the other leaders were in prison, the people of India led by still other leaders con- tinued their campaign of complete disregard of the British government. Instead of dying down, the campaign grew in extent and in intensity. The British could have turned machine guns on the disobedient natives, but to kill a million of them would have done more harm than good to British rule. To kill Gandhi and his imprison- ed friends would have made martyrs out of them and still greater national heroes. Merely to be locked up in prison was causing the halo of martyrdom to shine over Gandhi's bald and aged head. In the meantime a British-Indian com- mission had finished its work on a fine plan according to which India and her people were to become first class members of the grand British Empire. Certain men, friendly tQ Gandhi and to the British, visited the prisoners and tried to per- suade them to come to terms with the British. But Gandhi would agree to nothing. Nothing but complete independence will satisfy India, was the last word of Gandhi. Complete inde- pendence is possible, in Gandhi's opinion, even probable, and therefore India must demand nothing else. What, in particular, do the British refuse to concede to the people of India? Gandhi demands an Indian army for India, an army controlled by the Indian people and officered exclusively by Indians. The British absolutely refuse to agree to that. Such an army might drive every English'man out without ceremony. Gandhi demands full control of the Indian national pocketbook. How could the Brit- ish grant such an outrageous demand ? - Just think of the important part the pocketbook plays in every man's and woman's life, married or single, and then imagine what the control ofI the pocketbook must mean for a nation of 300,- 000,000 people! Gandhi demands that the question of India's public debt be referred to an impartial tribunal. How dare you demand 'something like that, exclaim the British. Did we not do wonderful things for India? Did we not build railroads and waterways and make all sorts of costly improvements? To these ex,. clamations Gandhi replies: Yes, you spent money in India, but not because you loved the people of India; for centuries India has been a gold mine for the British, and only in order to get still more gold out of India have you made these costly improvements at India's expense. How can you ask that India alone pay the deb which you have saddled on her? Did Gandhi promise to stop the campaign of civil disobedience if these other demands were granted ? Gandhi promised something to that effecf but he declared also that the people of Indi must keep on making their own salt in defianc( of the law and refuse t'o buy imported cloth which means chiefly British cloth. What do the British newspapers say abou( Gandhi's demands? Probably every single newspaper man of Eng. land looks into the future with apprehension The desire for independence and the will to gel independence has grown steadily in India. Vie. lent measures will undoubtedly fail. In 19H British guns were fired on an assembly of In- dian patriots at Amritsar and over five hundred of them killed on the sp.ot. But the movement toward independence was not halted thereby. To massacre a million would make matters onb worse. But, says a London newspaper, we ar( not going to leave India; we are there to sta and we are there to rule. On the other hand Gandhi and his friends believe that the peopl of India are marching toward complete inde pendence and that nothing can stop them. Ii is only a question of time when India will be free. If India makes herself free will that break up British Empire? It will be a cruel blow. But the British Em- pire can continue to exist without numbering India among its dominions. Canada, Australia and South Africa would remain faithful, and numberless small islands and colonies would ack the power to make themselves free. Bu the world would be different with India free. A nation of, 300,000,000 people playing its own new game would step on many a hostile toe. And the u iversal scramble for trade with In- dia would be qu te lively. Notwithstanding their present predominant control of trade with In- dia, the British would have to sacrifice an im- mense part ot it in favor of European and Amer- ican competitors. J No Place for Me in United States of Europe, Says England. If the British have so much reason to dread political developments in India, why doesn't England give more encouragement to the for- marion of a United States of Europe in order to fortify her position? That question is going to be discussed a great deal in these days. A League of Nations meet- ing is on in Geneva, and one of the subjects for discussion will be the federation of Europe, as s/iggested by the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, Aristide Briand. You seem to think that England's position wouldbe fortified if were a member of some sort of European fed- eration. English statesmen do not share your opinion. They feel it would weaken the post- Lion of their country. How would it weaken the position of Eng- land ? England is like a rich widow with many liv- ing children. Among her children are Canada Australia, South Africa, and a long list of smal1 ones. These British children have very little n common with France, Germany, Italy, Spa9 the other nations of continental Europe They live thousands of miles away, not next door to the continent, as the old mother. If the old lady England were to marry old man Eu- rope, do you think her children would like it much? To them it would look like an invita- tion to cut loose from their old mother and shift for themselves. Deprived of her children, the old lady would cut a very sorry figure beside the other European nations that now look up to her in fear and admiration. What would the old lady's children do if shef got married to Europe? It is too early to answer that question. She's In addition to having the wrong about Catholic authors, our regard or twist statistics. Terrence in The Commonweal Sepiember ligious survey accords to Catholics a ance in proportion to our population the percentage of Catholic authors tion to the population is very in any other country. The books making the intellectual and s sion of our era are not being written elias." not married yet, and nogody has thought of Mr. O'Donnel may, on second fixing the wedding day. But if we recall that that many good books are the old lady's children speak mostly the Engli or persons who belong to the language, it will seem to us that they will feel Church if not to the body of the a desire for special friendship with our own from that Mr. O'Donnell is all country. International developments will prob- preponderance idea. He may have ably compel England to marry continental Eu- that Catholics outnumber' all other rope in due time, but how soon that will be, is going Christians in our country, impossible to foretell. going people and Christians are International developments, you say ? Of what nature ? Developments of the same old kind that have set Europe in fire a hundred times already. When on the day that Minister Briand leaves for Geneva to talk federation you hear the French Minister of War give solemn warning that France cannot afford to weaken her mili- tary and naval forces on account of "the pres- ent disturbed European situation," you wonder what's in the air anyway. From a reliable source in London we are informed that France has accumulated a-gold reserve amounting to $1,700,000,000 and that "she is preparing for any sudden emergency that might happen in European affairs like a bad turn in France- Italian relations." Italy, we are told, is mak- ling whatever preparations she can in order to be ready for a tough tussle with France. Her latest move is to establish well secured landing fields in the mountains close to the French boundary. Jugo-Slavia, last July, made a new law for the defense of the country because the government declared there was great danger of war with Italy. About two weeks ago Mar- shall Pilsudski, the old Polish hero, took charge of the government of Poland -which may mean nothing in particular, but which does perhaps indicate that an evil war-like wind is blowing somewhere. Germany seems to be sitting still and pretty, hoping that her improved industrial plants may yet get a chance to manufacture mountains of munitions for her fighting neigh- bors and -for herself. And England seems to be playing the old game of encouraging the sec- ond-strongest continental nation to fight the strongest; in the present case, Italy to fight France. Not, of course, that England is actually coaxingItaly to fight. But because war is some- ' imes inevitable it is wise for England not to al- low herself to get the worst of it. In the mean- time they will talk peace at Geneva until they "bust."--The Messenger, Belleville,. O, OUR NEIGHBORS. The most primitive form of mustering the full support of the members of a parish or the read- ers of a paper, speaking of Catholics, is to tell them that they are the fortunate and chosen people, the proud possessors of the true and holy Faith. This attitude is developed and en- larged upon at all opportunities and on every occasion we are told how false and misleading, pitiful and futile are the many denominations, and that there is no salvation except in com- munion with the one true Faith. Only a heretic would deny these statements but a true Chris- Lian can find flaws in the method and manner and proportion and spirit of all this positive preaching and teaching. We need to be shaken out of our self-com- by persons who profess no faith but whom have, thanks be to God, disposition, ability and the spirit work not excepting a good book When one considers that the ligion in our country is 17 per cent 83 per cent non-Catholic, then we surprised if the "preponderance" is not ours. A more desirable that Catholics should write all good could wish that no Catholic or olic would write a book that is not Cather is cited again for her having written a thoroughly CathO That need not diminish our prestige. additional testimony to the true Faith minding us of the parable of the Good tan. O' LIVING ON CHARITY: It would be interesting,-if any out, to know how many families and in the United States habitually live on Poorhouses are disappearing, so we and in most sections of the nationl paupers are a thing of the past. But hundreds of thousands of grown-uP do little useful work, who earn can be measured in dollars and centS, manage to survive somehow. The nation-wide agitation during few months over the unemployment has revived interest in this subject a closed some interesting and p The total number reported out of compared with the number showed a wide discrepancy. pecially in the large cities, most of the unemployed did not They either wanted a peculiar which was not available at the time or they wanted charity. In several parts of the nation, were trying to get labor and they Lo pay high wages but the unem cities would not go to the country. It is not at all unlikely that more suffering has been caused by drouth than by the industrial lowed the Wall Street debacle of are more people on the verge of most people realize. This is a condition for which upon, in many instanceL The which the Federal Government is lief measures will mingle charity placency. We need to be shown how far we like methods. Federal funds will are from*perfection. We need to be reminded how great is our blessing in having the true away loosely, nor will they be Inane Faith but that our responsibility is not less, but[ cient security, if the President has greater than that of other less blessed. The parable of the Good Samaritan shows that not all of us, who enjoy the greatest bless- ings, are the true neighbor. The Good Samari- tan teaches us that the love of Christ is great enough to include all mankind. We read so much by way of complaint, that Catholics are not successful authors and writ- ers in proportion to their rmmbers. One would think that these enthusiasts who want for every good book a Catholic as an author, hold pres- tige and pride of accomplishment as essential to the promotion of the Faith. That is not true. If Catholics do not neglect doing other good works, no one has a right'to complain if they do not write their share of best sellers. If those who insist that Catholics must ac- complish the outstanding deeds then the Holy Bible contains many defects, such as the one which shows neither the Priest nor the Levite, but the heathen Samaritan was the true Chris- finn neighbor to the wounded and robbed trav- eler. Unless we curb that pride which causes us to feel offended, unless we can boast of mperiority and accomplishment by our own co- -eligionists, we think more of the letter than the spirit of the Faith. ? the matter. Each case of judged on its own merits. A knows what sort of a man he is. If less, the type which can never ge would be a waste of public funds to money with which to get a fresh be better to supply him and his enough food to tide them over until another job. That is charity.. olic, e IRONY OF HISTORY. In the old English seaport town Devonshire, a little Catholic church for nearly forty years, just grounds and mansion of Northdou Charles Kingsley occupied while e writing his famous novel, day these historic grounds are erty, occupied by the convent and Sisters of Charity of Jesus and Yet stranger irony of history, the of rooms in which Kingsley wrote to defame and blacken the Catholic J day forms the chapel of the the Mass is celebrated daily as if