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Little Rock, Arkansas
September 17, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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September 17, 1943

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, SEPTEMBER 17, 1943 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/s WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second.class matter March 21, 1911, t the post office at Little Rock. Arkancae, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DrOCESAN 6RGAN The Guardian is the official organ of tl Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that it may be sn earlaest champion of the cause of right, Justluo and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love 80 well. 1 extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be Ions and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rook. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All eonmunlcations about The Guardian must be handled throusb tha Business Manager, and all matters Intended for publication jbouid reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERC.AST Business and Editorial Office, S09  West 2nd. Telephone 5488 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture ervice---Knlghts of Columbus of Arkansas Little Rock Council, No. 812 .... lh1.00 Paragouid Council. No, 1713 ...--- ........ : Fort Smith Council, No. D96 ............. Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ................ Blytheville-Osceola Council, No. 2857 .... Tcaarkana Council No. 2650 ............. Pln Bluff Council, No. 1153 ............... Stuttgart-Slovuczown Council. No. 2780-- Joneeboro Council, No. 1702 .......... SEPTEMBER 17, 1943  "It by liberty ot the press, we understand merely the liberty ot discussing the propriety ot public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but if it means the liberty of at- treating, calumniating a'd delaming one another, I own myself ,illing to part with my share el it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheeriully consent to exchange my liberty ot abusing others tor the privilege ot not being abused myselL"--Franklin. CATHOLICS BARRED Disturbed over the difficulty of keeping women in war jobs, Joseph B. Keenan, labor production vice-chairman of the WPB, recently met with representatives of Catholic, Pro- testant and Jewish faiths to seek the aid of church groups to relieve the situation. Mr. Keenan stressed the assi'stance which parish churches especially could render. It is generally known that most Catholic leaders do not favor women working outside the home, unless the emergency requires it, after the manpower resources have been thoroughly exploited. They frown upon mothers of growing children leaving home, except as a last resort to meet compelling war needs, and even then only under the condition that substitute care be provided for the children during working hours. It was in this latter regard, Mr. Keenan averred, that church groups could supply a great need, by taking a larger hand in opdating child-care projects for the children of par- ents employed in war factories. Mr. Keenan's suggestion in this matter of child-care is a natural one and could find effective and willing cooperation from Catholic groups. But Mr. Keenan apparently has not heard of the. Attorney General of New York State and his unique interpretation of the State's Constitution. Attorney General Goldstein finds that Jews or Protestants may receive public morey for child-care projects held in as- sembly or Sunday-school' rooms in their church buildings. This, he rates as a social agency project. But if Catholics conduct a similar project in the parish school building, which offers the natural facilities for such work, it becomes education. And the State Constitution forbids public aid to denominational educa- tion. This arbitrary view, "that a work changes its nature be- cause of the place in which it is carried on, is a quirk of mis- judgment which both competent lay and legal minds find it difficult to annlyze or accept. Whether it stems from a special intellectual astuteness, which all might envy in Mr. Goldstein, or from an ingrained prejudice which Mr. Goldstein dare not admit eve to himself, is a verdict which the public, individual- ly, must Judge on the testimony of his own knowledge of the State official and of the facts. At any rate, the Goldstein interpretation has muddled the administre.tion of this much-needed social project and mud- died the waters of good-will throughout'the entire State. PRINCIPLES FOR PEACE Each day as the war progresses we are brought to a keener realization of its horrors, of its meaning in teims of casualties in our own ranks about which we get such meager news, news about those boys of ours who are bleeding and dying in strange lands for a cause we know to be just and for victory we believe confidently ig even now within our grasp. We are praying for these boys of ours. We have prayed for them long and fervently because we have prayed for peace which means their home-coming. But it is not for the peace we once had or thought we had. We believe--and this is the core of our prayingthat there can be such a thing as a just and enduring peace because we will be rock-bedded upon eternal principles of justice and human rights and dignity. We do not want again the figment of an armistice. It is but natural that some three hundred million of the world's population who happen to be Catholics should ask themseives what to them is a rather pertinent question when at least eternal verities are involved: what have the popes to say about peace and the conditions of peace which will be the basis of international agreement when the present wars of nations have ended) Itmay not be out of place to note that one of the great leaders of the Protestant religious body which has concerned itself so valiantly and in such a Christ-like spirit with the sufferings of stricken humanity in the Nazi-occupied countries of Europe, France in particula r, has reminded his co-religionists of every Protestant denomination that this time the "Pope must be in the Peace Conference, which means that the secret treaty of London by which Benedict XV was de- liberately excluded from any voice in the peace settlement must not be repeated. The statesmen of our own country who will have such a large share in the peace settlement need have no illusions or misgivings or misunderstanding as to what papal representation in the conference of the United Nations at the end of the war is intended to effect. The papal pro- gram for lasting peace, if such it may be called, is now for- tunately within the reach of every statesman, of every man of good will, who wants to know it. It is to be found in a volume recently published and entitled 'Principles for Peace' which contains the authentic pronouncements of five popes, showing what the papacy has attempted to accomplish in the cause of peace during the last sixty-five years. It is not, of course, a volume which will be easy reading for anyone. But we do not expect that easy going of any sort will be the path of choice of those who sit at the peace table at the end of the war. We hope and pray that they will have to hand at least the substance of what is contained in 'Principles for Peace." CHINA As China entered its seventh year of war, many messages of tribute and encouragement came from world leaders. The courage of the Chinese people was commended. Their perse- verance in the fact of distressing odds was noted with admira- tion. Guilty consciences were salved by pledges of abundant military aid tc defeat the Jap aggressor, aid tat was long neg- lected while the Chinese fought alone for that same freedom which the Allied Nations now claim themselves to be sincerely dedicated. Events transpiring in the Pacific this week, how- ever, indicate that these pledges are already being fulfilled. Physical bravery and the refusal to submit to a foreign aggressor is not the only or chief lesson that has come from the land of Confucius. An appreciation of spiritual values has been thrust to the fore, worthy of both administration and emulation by leaders and peoples of presumably more civilized nations. Only recently Chiang Kai-Shek is reported as having called upon the Chinese people to rally their spiritual energies to insure victory and a right reconutruction when peace comes. The Generalissimo assured the nation that mere physical se- curity will be in vain and misused unless the New China, by its spiritual aspilation and moral fiber, is ready to meet the re- sponsibilities awaiting it in a new post-war world. Q UES TION B OX Notice---It is important that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by n self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. May A Person Choose Any Church He Wishes For His Funeral? Church law says that all may freely choose their funeral church or burial place unless they are expressly forbidden by law to do so. Those forbidden are boys who have not yet completed their fourteenth year and girls who have not yet completed their twelfth year. Pro- fessed religious, except Bishops, likewise are forbidden to choose their funeral church. Church law specifices how the choice of a funeral church or cemetery may be made. One may do this personally or through an- other commissioned for that pur- pose. The choice is similar to a Could you tell me something of last will. The choice must be the history of the "Jehovah's made in the presence of witnesses. Witnesses"? * * * The "Jehovah Witnesses" also Would it be safe to permit a known as the International Bible child to read the Old Testament? Students' Association, were found- Parts oi the Old Testament ed at Brooklyn, New York, in the should not be read by children, year 1878. Charles Toze Russell, There are many things which they founder and first president, con- could not understand and which trolled this organization until his might be the occasion of sin. death in 1916. He was succeeded There would be no such danger by Judge Joseph Frederick Ru- were a grown person to read therford. these parts providing they read Under his guidance the "Jehov- them in the right spirit. One gen- ah Witnesses" grew to about 2,- erally gets out a thing what one 500,000 members who in 60 lang- wants. If one should read some uages and 34 nations read its of the books of the Old Testament pamphlets and journals, "The with an impure mind he would Watch Tower" and "The Golden find considerable impurity in Age." them. On the other hand, if one The "Jehovah Witness" base reads these books in a spirit of all of their faith and likewise prayer, realizing that he is read- world events on interpretation of ing the inspired written word of the Bible. They attack all or- God, he will not be beset by tern- ganized religions and have been ptatiola. You say that you read particularly vicious in their charg- it "with all reverence and a clean es against the Catholic Church, mind." Rest assured that if you the Papacy, and the Hierarchy. read your Bible in that sense, al- It is estimated that they spend ways ready to submit to the in- $700,000 yearly on pamphlets-- terpretation of the Church, you and their radio broadcasts, when will get only good out of your they were permitted, ran into reading, thousands of dollars weekly. * * * * * Is not the Catholic claim to in- Are the following saints names: fallibility absurd, which states Ramon or Roman, Luella, Kelth, that no matter how ignorant a Allen, Shells, Kay, Carmen? Pope may be, if once his state- Ramon is a form of Raymond meats are formally promulgated (Jan. 25); Roman is from Ram- they are infallibly true and un- anus (Aug. 9); Luella is from alterable? Lucy (Dec. 13), and Helen (Aug. Rural Catholic Commi of the South by Rev. Anthony C. S. Sv. The Farmer Must Face It would not be crop control were done awaY! entirely next year and thrown wide open. Our menu has made promises other nations that the States will help feed them ing the war and for a time the war. The first big tiffs direction was made, but recently a 26 per crease in wheat acreage vest in 1944 was the War Food Of the 16 million-acre in 1944 Farm Program, 14 acres are to be in Texas and Oklahoma being ed on to provide about acres of the increase. the other two million to be in crops such as and peas, soybeans, Irish and sweet potatoes, able when processed as direct consumption. Emphases is again to be on the necessity for farm izations to take care of the conditions that will farming especially in late farming. Dr. H. L. Arkansas State Teachers Conway, in discussing graphical factors that considered in organizing order after the end of the world war, spoke about genuity of culture and self sufficiency. He spoke organization and 1act that when you have one that is organized, this on the toes or pinches group. Well what I'm is this: The various businesses are organized pinching the life out of er, and it is necessary farmers to organize into a to protect themselves If this were stated by Catholics, 18). Keith is not a saint's name; Our political leaders talk of patriotism, willingness to it would be absurd, but we do not Kay is a form of Catherine and Sheila is Irish for Cecilia; Allen is Although liberty, the name of a saint and so is sacrifice to advance the war effort, of wor- claim that each and every state- ment of the Pope is infallibly true ship is included in the slogan of the four freedoms, " rarely even though it be promulgated. Carmen (from Carmel, Our Lady of Mt. Carmel). The essential conditions for an , , . if ever have we heard of a need to prepare for victory by a infallible statement require that cleansing of soul religiously and improving our lives morally. It is hoped that China after the war will progress rapidly toward the acceptance of the Christian Gospel, even though no great example of practical Christianity is being exhibited by the nations through which it will be evangelized. Mpprats, g Do You Know That: Five major railroad systems and Arkansas is well supplied with several smaller ones serve Arkan- surface water from the Mississippi sas with approximately 4,500 River and its tributaries, the St. mile:', o trackage. Francis, White, Arkansas, Red __ and Ouachita, and their numerous Arkansas rice fields attract dur- tributaries. The Highland section ing the winter migration the of the State has limited ground greatest concentration of Mallard water but the Coastal Plain has ducks in the United States. ample supplies with flowing wells usually obtainable in the Eastern Arkansas has 17 major streams portion. with 2,250 miles designated as navigable. Minerals existing in Arkansas in extensive quantities: zinc, lead, Hot Springs, the oldest of the quartz, cinnabar, manganese, ti- national parks, has 47 hot springs, tanium (an important strategic the waters of which emerge at mineral heretofore imported from temperatures up to 145 degrees. . abroad), barite and diamonds. In addition to several very large Relatively unlimited quantities lumber mills there are two paper exist of chalk, marl, clay, glass- mills and hundreds of small plan- sand, gravel, limestone, dolomite, ing mills throughout the State. tripoli, slate, whetstone and min- Important Arkansas crops, in-eral waters. elude: cotton, rice, peaches, straw- the Pope must be defining a doe- Could a Sister be released from her vows to take care of a sick trine of faith or morals, i.e., giv- parent? ing a final and definite decision The Church can release any for all members of the Church. one from the vows of religion. If Once the Primacy of Peter and the parent were actually destitute his successors has been establish- with no one to care for him or ed, it follows that the Pope, when her, it might be the duty of the defining doctrines as supreme Sister to ask for her release. Such teacher and pastor, is acting and a case, however, would be ex- speaking with the authority of tremely rare. God takes care of Christ Himself -- an authority the relatives of Religious, just as which cannot possibly make any He takes care of the Religious mistake, herselL * * * * * * When Our Lord embed the bar- Is there any relation or connee- ren fig tree, according to St. Mat- tion between the Jewish religion thew (21,29), it withered away and the Catholic religion? immediately. St. Mark seems to There is the relationship that imply, however, that only the next the New Law is the fulfillment of day was the tree dried up. (Mark the Old Law which was one of 11,20). What is the explanation? promise. The same relation exists The word used by St. Matthew between the Jewish Church and would be better rendered by the Catholic Church, the one rep- "forthwith" or "presently" for the resenting the promise made by A1- tree did not in a moment appear mighty God to man, the other be- completely withered and dead. ing the fulfillment and application The external manifestations' were of those promises. apparent only the next day, when * * * the withered appearance of the What Is the meaning of the leaves attracted the attention of word "Messlas"? the disciples. Messias is a Hebrew word . , . meaning anointed. The Greek Sometimes at the cathedral they translation is "christos," whence comes our word Christ. In the use seven candles at a high Mass. Old Testament, the future Ring Why is this? who was to be the Savior of His Whenever the Bishop of the people and the world, came to be diocese sings a Pontifical Mass in spoken of as "the Anointed One." any church of his diocese, a sev- , . . enth candle is lighted.. This is On some altars you see a statue placed immediately behind the or a painting of a lamb. What tabertmcle, does that signify? * * * The lamb is an emblem of our Is it proper for a Catholic girl Lord, the victim offered as a sac- pinched to death. So farmer has allowed pinched and has self with mere words plaint. Let him form ization composed of group, with one of his leader, financed by serve himself and the good. This will be very ant and necessary in arming and by that should be well to take care of his The little experience ad recently with feed problem should us that we have need farm organization and tha going to have to char thod of feeding cattle at ing the war. Grain is possible to obtain and to high when it can be With millions now hungr seem wasteful to use as feed, anything that could for human food. Our will have to be pasture and good hay. mean that we must pastures. Our pastures fertilized, terraced if and protected. On an ton of commercial on pasture not creased grazing 000 pounds of beef, lized grass fattens The farmer must that he himself can his own farm the feed See RU .R_. on * * * * ** ** * * * * * @ * The Song of Bernadette * Order your copy of berries, soy beans, peanuts, corn, In 1942, Arkansas ranked third to study medicine and become a rifice for out' sins. In the Old sweet potatoes, hay, sorghums, among all states in the Union in physician? Testament the lamb prefigured tomatoes, grapes, pecans, snap the production of cotton, third in Certainly. It is most desirable the coming Messias. St. John the beans, peas, spinach and lespe-rice, fifth in peaches, and first in that there should be a large num-Baptist, pointing to the Savior, deza seed. strawberries, ber of women doctors, said: "Behold the Lamb of God." The Song of Bernadette -:- .":': Book=of=the=Month -:- * this best seller * direct from The * Guardian * Price ************* BY IPRANZ W ILLUSTRATIONS BY A pompous lady was i custody. "'Madame Brunt!'" he exclazmed. "The bottle is contiscatedl" "'Take it/" he said despairinglY" Drawings copyright. 1943, by King-Features Syndicate, Inc. Text copyright 1942 by The Viking Press, Inc. Distributed by King Features Syndicate In co-operation with the Bool ERNADETTE'S new victories over the power of the State were almost more than Vital Dutour could bar. A broken man, the imperial prosecutor slunk about in his offices. His career, he had every reason to suppose, was at an end. Dutour's brooding was interrupted by a gendarme who stalked in with a pompous lady in his custody. With an emphatic bang, the gendarme put down the corpus delicti, a large bottle 'The lady took this water from the spring," he said. "What is your name, Madame?" Dutour asked. "I am Madame Bruat," said the lady with {hat tinge of deprecation used by those who would rather not make a display of an eminent name or station. "Madame Bruat?" the prosecutor looked up. "Bruat? Are you by any chance connected with Admiral Brunt ?' "He is my husbanl," the lady answered. "And now, Monsieur, may I inquire after the nature of my crime ?" The imperial prosecutor did not have to feign exhaus- tion. He spoke softly "Madame, you are the bearer of a great name. Your husband, as I well know, is very close to the Emperor. We, however, are carrying on a struggle here with certain elements which have taken advantage of the hallucinations of a feeble-minded female to forge a weapon against the imperial regime. And now come ladies llke yourself, Madame, who show the masses that you, too, challenge this highest author- ity. I am forced, therefore, to require you to pay a fine of five francs " Madame Bruat smiled. "Delighted, Monsieur," she said. "And I'll add a hundred francs for the poor of Now, please let me have my bottle." "The bottle is cgnfiscated," said the The lady smiled again. "I don't believe it so, Monsieur. for I filled it at the desire of a sonage." Dutour was firmly determined not to yle ask who this personage is, Madame?" he "Her Majesty the Empress Eugenie," Mad replied. "I am the governess to the little Yellow of face. Dutour thrust the bottle "Take it, Madame!" Despairingly he added: see the folly of being the only one to do 0 ne a feeble-minded world." (Continu6d Neat Week)