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September 17, 1927     Arkansas Catholic
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September 17, 1927
 

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Page Four ..... THE GUARDIAN, SEPT. 17, 1927 j , ,ms MEXECAH' GIRL mOW IN s: : ,COHDIT!OHS |H UHHAPPY C6UHTRY The 'Western ~atholic," Quincy, la baby daughter but two months be- Illinois, in its issue dated Sept'. 2,]fore his execution. 1927, publishes the following inter-] The story of the execution of these view wit ha ~exican girl: three martyrs is one of the most glor- Mrs. Marion Constantine, of 1324 North Sixth street, will make news from Mexico of especial interest at least for as long as he~ little Mexi- can friend, Gabriela Gonzales, re- mains her guest. Mrs. Constantine and Miss .Gon- zales became fast friends when the two girls attended St. Elizabeth's Academy in St. Louis. The Mexican girl upon her graduation from the academy attended one of our State universities. Since her return to her native land she has devoted herself to the cause of her persecuted fellow- Catholics. A few months ago she was obliged to flee to the United States to save her life. Miss Gonzales visited the office of the Western Catholic and told a few of her experience while serving on the League of Cathofic Defense. This organization, Miss Gonzales said, was founded by a young Mexican Univer- sity man, Rene Capistrano Garcia, at present a fngitive jn the United States. Its purpose is to keep the Catholic people of Mexico warned of the various plots of the Calles gang to capture the bishops, priests and Catholic leaders who are in hiding in their midst. It also helps to feed the prisoners who have been arrested by the government for aiding the Church. The infamous officials of Calles have instructions to let such prisoners starve to death, Miss Gonzales said. Ca~les Cannot Break Spirit of Cath- olics. The utter failure of Calles' attempt to break the spirit of the Catholics of Mexico was apparent in a reply of Miss Gonzales to a question sug- gested by the coldblooded savagery of this treatment of the prisoners. "'Suppose," said the Western Catholic interviewer of Miss Gonzales, "that no one brings food to such a prisoner what happens?" A little Latin shrug of the shoulders, a lifting of the eye4 brows, a slight outspreading of the hands, and the most matter of fact voice in the world says in slightly for- eign accents: "You can die." Men and women even boys and girls---no longer pay the slightest at- tention to the naked bayonets that Calles hoped would terrify them. Raids on houses for Catholic leaders, usually futile, only excited the de- rision of the citizens. Miss Gonzales told how she and about forty other girls and twenty boys were rounded up one day for passing Catholic liter- ature and marched through the street between two files Of scowling soldi- ers armed with full war-time equip- ment. A crowd of some three thou- sand people collected and followed them and when they reached the jail groups of them came to the prison gates and admitted they too were guilty of the same offense as Mi~s (~onzales and her friends. They were of course immediately arrested. Soon, however, "the jail was-filled to over- flowing. The jailors were obliged to release some of them and not being able to single out ~le original pris- oners they set free every one of those who were first brought in, in- cluding Miss Gonzales. Women Jailed for Wearing Black Dresses The Calles agents stop at no in- dignities to stop Catholic activity, as will be seen from the following in- cidents told by Miss Gonzales. Many of the young ladies in Mexico today wear black in k~aourning for the per- secution suffered by the Church. Last June, just before she left Leon, her native city, Miss Gonzales saw a group of her friends dragged before the court for wearing black dresses. They were sentenced to twenty-four hours in prison. During the night soldiers entered their cells and tore their dresses to ribbons. "On an- other occasion," said Miss Gonzales, " a girl friend of mine was impris- oned in a dark evil smel!in~ under-" ground cell beneath an old abandon- ed jail. On demanding tha~ light be brought the source of the noisome stench was discovered---it was the ~le- caying corpse of a friend of hers whom she knew to have been execut- ed three days before." Three of Her Friends Executed Three well known victims o the Callas' regime wereher friends: Pro- fessor Jose Valencia~ GaUard0, ~ho was president of the Catholic League in Leon and who felt from tbe first that he would be called on to make the supreme sacrifice for the Faith; Salvador Vargas, a student under Gallardo, a mere bay of 15 or 15 years whose legs and arms were horribly , mutilated before death put an end to the.torture inflicted by his barbar- ous executioners; and Nicoias Nav- arre, whose young wife gave birth to ious in the history of the Church. Miss Gonzales tell it as follows: "As my friends were being led out to execution Professor Gallardo cried 'Vive Cristo Rey' ('Long live Christ the King'.) Immediately the others took up the prayer. Instantly the brutal soldiers leaped on Gallardo, pulled out the tongue that had just blessed God and severed it at the roots. Then as the blood flowed from his mutilated mouth Gallardo raised his right hand in mute appeal towards heaven as an encouragement to his young charges who again cried out 'Vive Christo Rey.' Instantly a soft- nosed bullet plowed its way into Gal- lardo's brain." Young Men Brutally Executed. Another story told by Miss Gon- zales illustrating the heroism with which the Church in Mexico is meet- ing the persecution of Calles reminds one of the Christian fortitude with which the early Christians bore the cold-blooded brutality of the infa- mous Nero and recalls the holy desire for the martyr's crown with which they shed their blood for Christ. It is as follows: Three young men of the Bargas family were arrested by the soldiers of Calles. Two were brutally exe- cuted, The third and youngest was liberated after horrible mistreatment. Upon his return to his widowed mother the latter greeted him with: "Pobre Muchacho, a ti no te toco la gracia de ser martir," "My poor boy I pity you that you did not get the grace to be a martyr." Miss Gonzales reports that Calles has driven the teaching Sisterhoods out of Mexico and has compelled lay teachers to take their place These latter received no pay. "Oh we have lots of liberty down in Mexico," was her only comment at an expression of surprise at this statement. Amongst the other atrocities calcu- lated to make the people of Mexico appreciate how free they -are the young girl mentioned skinning the soles of the feet of persons, cutting off their noses, mangii~ag their hands and lopping off their ears. Priests Celebrate Mass in Civilian Clothes Mass is, of course strictly forbid- den. The penalty a priest pays for saying it is, first, mutilation; then, death. But Mass is said just the same. Priests say it in kitchens; in cellars, in attics---anywhere they feel they stand a fair chance of,saying it with- out being pounced uppn by the agents of "liberty." They do not, of course, dare run the risk of using vestments; so they say it in civilian clothes---even sometimes in overalls. By a special dispensation from Rome they reduce Mass to its absolute essentials--the Offertory, Consecration and Communion. As in the days of the early Church, lay men are permitted to carry home the Sacred Species and give Communion to those who have not been able to come to Mass. Although Miss Gonzales sees no human help for her distracted coun- try and although the process of an election is the merest farce, the sol- diers tearing up the ballots in the very presence of the people who have marked them, she has the most im- plicit faith in the ultimate triumph of the people, "Calles will never break the spirit of the people of Mexico," she says, "and tyranny cannot last forever.' "If the United States.would lift the embargo on the expor- tation of arms in eight days Calles is finished," she says. SEMINARY STUDENT GAIN IS SHOWN BY N. C. W. C. SURVEY (Continued from page 1.) faculty anembers also dropped, though only slightly. The decrease was 18, the number for 1926 being 1,019. The student bodies in these institu- tions, however,.increased by 935, and totalled 9,824 in 1926. In the case~of the major seminaries, both faculties and student bodies in- creased. There were 80 more teach- ers in these institutions in 1926 than in 1924, the total reaching 809. The student bodies rose to a total of 6,- 012, an increase of 917. The Baltimore archdiocese, with the Catholic University of America and the numerous houses of study grouped about it, had "the largest number of seminaries, with a total of 14. New York was a close second, with 12. In number of faculty mem- bers Baltimore also led, with 162. New York had 137 and Chicago 115 In the matter of student bodies in the seminaries, Chicago led, with 1,483, Baltimore coming second, with 1,440;I and New York third with 1,367. St.l~ Louis had 1,081. PLAN_vTO EXTEND o~ German Laborers, who regularly ]~,T~n [}|Tn| |~,1 ]~]~j new home ,the summer was one of his strong supporters, has 111Lf~il~iJ l~JJJLZIJ lille] Mr. O'Donnell, nearby. Georgetown University ir is a "mistake" and that an impossible ~L~ r UIW~I~AL itlll~ IHH[GRATIOH situation has been created by his [eighties, and won the gc lc Dv "ca!ling ford fight on a vital ques- FOR P. H. 0'DONNELL:ratry at that inst{tulio tion of a cultural-political nature." memorable Presidential c~ The Center is being forced to a , - -- [1.884 he stumped the ~:o on Undesir bles'"aras"t LeadaDr~veFrcmWesternfrRestrictlns position where it must deal with the (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) t James G. Blaine, and :~a actions of Dr. Wirth and his expres- Chicago, Sept. 8. With Vice- speeches had a great eff Hemisphere. sed views. But in doing so, it must President Dawes. Gay. Len Small and~ldiana" show to its opponents that there is He was the first man a fundamental division with one of its strong men, and thus inevitably weaken itself for the time being, and perhaps precipitate an internal fight, By Mauritz A. Hallgren, I. N. S. Staff Correspondent. Washington, Sept. 2.--Extension of the immigration quota restrictions to include all countries in ~his west- ern hemisphere will be sought in a renewed drive to be made in the next congress. This campaign, aimed par- ticularly at Mexico, will be led by Secretary of Labor Davis and Immi- gration Commissioner Hull. The immigration authorities take the stand that the 1924 quota law ef- fectively closed the doors to "undesir- able'" aliens from Europe, but at the same time left plenty of side doors open along the Mexican border through which other "undesirables" could enter and are entering without restraint. This leakage, the officials say, is upsetting the equilibrium which it had been hoped the 1924 law would establish and is bringing into the country, great quantities of cheap labor, thus defeating the primary pur- poses of th~ quota act by keeping down the standard of living. BREACH IN GERMAN CENTER IS CAUSING CATHOLICS CONCERN (Continued from page 1.) but the split, which seemed only poli- tical, was bridged over. Now, however, the difficulty is of far greater moment, it concerns schools, and that immediately makes it critical. A bill has been introduced in the Reichstag which grants public support to Catholic schools in all the German states, including some, such as Baden, Hessen and Nassau, where heretofore there have been no Cath- religions are taught separately but the secular subjects in common, or to a purely undenominational school. There are defects in the bill, and the Center has demanded their removal. But in spite of these, it gives to Ca- tholics a fair chance to realize their claim of many years for schools where their children will be educated in the spirit of their own religion. Dr. Wlrth Opposes Measure Suddenly, Dr. Wirth has come strongly against this measure. Not only that, but he has chosen as the organ to express his views a liberal Berlin paper which in the past has violently opposed Catholic views and demands. This has greatly aggravat- ed the situation. Leaders hold that Dr. Wirth not only has violated party discipline, but also has aligned him- self against the Bishops of the coun- try, who repeatedly have urged the necessity of safeguarding real Cath- olic school education. It is openly said that his position endangers Ca- tholic principles and traditions and the solemn pledges of the Center. Even friends of the former Chan- cellor are withdrawing from him. Dr. O. Mueller, president of the Unions with a possible defection. This is the crisis which it faces. Such a situation for the Center is lamentable. For fifty years it has steadily and strongly represented the Catholics of Germany in their fight for their rights. Repeatedly it has won their battles for them, from the time of the great struggle under Windthorst against Bismarck. After the long suppression, it gained for Catholics a place of equality, created an organization that was admirable, promoted social work continually, raised the spiritual life of German Catholics, and in recent years gave ~o the Reich its leading statesman. It hecame the most feared opponent of the enemies of the Catholic Church, and was ccpied widely in attar coun- tries. It is this splendid instrument of Catholic rights that is now threat- ened by the discordant views of one leader. BENEDICTINE ABBOT AT MANCHESTER, N. H., Mayor William Hale Thompson among the eighty prominent Illinoisans se- lected as honorary pallbearers, and hundreds of friends and associates in attendance, funeral services for Pat- rick H. O'Donnell, noted Chicago lawyer and orator, who died at his summer home, near Camden, Ind., on September 2, were held in St. Ignatius Loyola Church here yesterday, when a Solemn Mass of Requ!em was cele- brated by the Rev. F. George Dineen, S.J. The Rev. J. J. Mertz, professor of philosophy at Loyola University, delivered the eulogy. Leaders of Chicago's Chinese col- battle against the Ku Indiana and made a apolis in 1923 in which to expose the names of i membership in days. This he did and wero published in started by himself and names of 14,000 members were given to the press. followed by hundreds of from the order in Indians Mr. O'Donrlel] was a of the Chinese people an( constitution draft of the public. He was counsel nese in Chicago and country. He could any, whose champion the lawyer had in their own language and often been, delegations from a num- about their affairs. bar of Irish societies, and from fra-i He was also prominentl ternal organizations of which he was with the efforts of the a member, accompanied the body from the residence to the church. The active pallbearers were Clarence A. O'Toole, William H. Dillon, Thomas Nash, Leo Donohoe, Paul Vanden Berg, Jerome J. Crowley and Oswald Schuette. Burial was in All Saints cemetery at Desplaines. Born sixty-four years ago of Irish parents who came from Ireland to independence, and was a ure at all Irish racial I this country. As a Chicago bar, he figured the greatest criminal many cases that went to Court. Mr. O'Donnell was a olic. At Burrows, beautiful little church AUTHORIZED BY POPE Cass county, Ind., in 1848, with a large number of other Irish settlers, (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Patrick O'Donnell in his youth taught Newark, N. J., Sept. 6. The school at Camden and Burrows, Ind., Benedictine established at St. An- and at the latter place the old O'Don- selm's College, Manchester, N. H., nell homestead still stands, with the ed to the memory of his is survived by a widow dren. The youngest, P. H. Jr., is about 12 years Discussing suicide founded thirty-nine years ago as a students, Madame dependent priory by Benedictine Fidelis De Stotzingen, on the latter's students of music never Fathers of St. Mary's Abbey, New- recent visit.to this country, and was cide. She might have ark, has been constituted an inde- presented by him to the Vatican au- ever, that sometimes their pendent abbey in an official brief thorities. -do. Macon Telegraph. signed a few days.ago at the Vatican and soon to be forwarded to the Rt. Rev. Abbot Ernest Helmstetter, O. S. B., of this city, president of the Benedictine Order in the United States. The papal document erects St. Anselm's to the dignity of self gov- erning abbey and authorizes the New Hampshire Benedictine to ~proceed at once to elect a superior. This sup- erior, after confirmation from Rome, will be a mitred abbot. Hitherto the government of the New Hampshire province has been exercised by a lo- cal superior appointed by the Newark abbot. The election of the first abbot df New Hampshire will be held within a few weeks at the college in Manches- ter, with Abbot Helmstetter presid- ing in his capacity as national presi- dent. Only members of the New Hampshire Benedictine community will be privileged to vote. Any Benedictine priest in America may be chosen for the abbatial office and Newark Benedictine Fathers are mentioned as possible selections. The office of abbot is of life tenure. The papal brief results from a joint petition made by the New Jer- sey and New Hampshire Benedictine communities. 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