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September 13, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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September 13, 1930

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PAGE SIX THE GUARDIAN, SEPTEMBER 13, 1930 pND ' Di|lq' DhDT I sion throughoht the nation of Christ's ~|[-~ llU~ l~]Ll%l l Kingdom, for the salvation and true B]U M/~DIITAV II/~lIl~rD /prosperity Of their country. We, |1~ l~Ul~'~I ll~l~J~ tin the meantime, as Father of All, -- -- -- | adding to those prayers Our wishes, Tfl KIN gT fll h~/with the object of increasing the ~v aL,,,~ ,.~a. ~.~tlI/splendor of the secular celebration Holy Father, In Warm Paternal Let- ter, Extols Virtues of Saintly Norse Hero, Prays for Spread of Faith That He Loved So Well. By Msgr. Enrico Pucci, (R6me Correspondent, N. C. W. C. News Service.) and the spiritual fruits, permit that you impart to them in Our name, on the day chosen by you after cele- bration of the Holy Mystery, the blessing and plenary indulgence to be gained inaccordance with the customary conditions of the Church. "Augur of celestial gifts and pledge of Our special benevolence be the Apostolic Beendiction, that, cor- demonstrated by another survey corn pleted by the Association several months ago. As the result of action taken at the convention, the Association has now, for tbe first time, an escutcheon and seal. The background of the escutch- con is formed by the severely ascetic coat-of-arms of the Knights Hospi- Itallers--a white eight-pointed cross on a background of black Crossing behind the cross are the symbols of the science of medicine and the science of nursing. In the white fields constituting the beams and cross- arms of the cross are a heart, symbol- izing generous and open hospitality; of $5,000,000,000. Their operation, he added, employs a half million peo- ple and costs $3,000,000 a day. Cites Leper Home. The surgeon general made particu- lar reference in his address to the Natioual Leper Home at Carville, La., because, he said, it is one institution in which the Sisters cannot but have an unusual interest. Dr. Cummings pointed out that when this instittuion was purchased from the state of Lou- isiana in 1921, the nurses--Sisters of Charity of the Order of St. Vin- cent de Paul--were taken over with the other personnel. Fourteen Sis- ters of this Order are employed there cus is my personal work, without any official character, as is set forth on the cover and, better still, on the proemium. "It is true that it is being printed at the VaLican bat at my personal ex- p nditure. I have submitted it to the judgment of many peoplei" especially professors of theology at the Roman institutes. But that is the usual pro- cedure for similar works. Neverthe- less, each Bishop is free to adopt or not to adopt it in the teaching of catechism." The former Secretary of State also is employing his leisure time in writ- ing his memoirs. The memoirs, it is measure of social ing, or denunciation as an the toilers, with eon:!isc t erty and deprivation of .... and banishment f~ bhe territory of the U. S. the exception that, in there are exl the punishment may be imprisonment, with strict for a period of not less years, and total or tion of property." Article 59 (4).---Refusal ! ply with, or evasion of, to perform compulsory ice is punishable with--- Rome, Sept. 5.--Pope Plus XI par- dially in Our Lord, We impart you, a book, symbolizing deep and exact now, performing the duties of nurses, sa!d, willthrow light upon the roles imprisomnent for a ticipated in the celebration just held Venerable Brother, to all clergy and learning, and a lamp, symbolizing dietitians, laboratorians, etc. There played by the Sovereign Pontiffs dur- ceeding six months, to in commemoration of the ninth cen- all people confided in your care." penerating and progressive research. 'are constantly more than 300 lepers ing the world conflict and their at- assignment to the army for t tenary of the martyrdom of St. Olaf, Among those attending the various The convention this year has beenl at Carville, he said In conclusion, tempts to limitthe tragiccease- pose of undergoing milt King and Apostle of Norway, by ad- observances were: Msgr. Erik Mul- marked by the participation of a[the surgeon general expressed the quences, for the prescribed period, dressing, a lon~ 1-tf~ ~- ~- n1~ let, Bishop and Apostolic Vicar of large number of national organiza- hope that the delegates would pay a are extenuating c Offerda~hl, BishOo;of~Se~]ja"an~'A;os"" Sweden; Msgr. Lewis Brems, Bishop tjons, and of .distinguished national visit to ~his Home if they are ever in SOVIET ANTI-RELIGIOUS ciplinary punishment, to be tolic Vicar of Norway, extolling the and Apostolic Vicar of Denmark; figures, lnct.uamg mgn ~eaerm gov- that locality. . LAWS ACCOMPANIED BY by the military ;command ot merits of the King and Martyr who Msgr. Michael Buckx: Bishop and ernment oinclam. . The study concerningwhich Father STRICT PENAL STATUTES to which the person who k~ established Christianity in Norway z~postohc Vicar of Finland; Msgr. Distinguished Figures Attend. ~cnwi~ana repor~e~ ~o ~ne ~conven~ion __ military service is assign.'.& W ulfstan Pearson, Bishop of Lan- Among the organizations repre- is based upon figures secured by th: (Whl.s is the second of a series The same acts, if there' The celebrations, to which the Holy ........ . ........ .'. Umted States Bureau of Census of azhcles 1vm t Father's noble message added eclat, cas~er, represenung warmnm ~ournesentea were ~ne Amemcan Assoct,~- ....... " g g he texts of rating circumstances, and il of Westminster; in memory of the ~ rs the 1926 zehgmus census of ~ne vmt Somet Russmn law ........ .............. " " t'on of Hospital Social Worke , " ' - " " s set forth in lar, if there has been evasion; ~,~ o~ ~a~ so~emmry anu sp~n- English missionaries called by St American Coll-~e of Surgeons. ed States, and made public a short the British government "White self-multilation, forgery of uor, even ~nougn ~ne numoer oz 2~or- . " -~ ~ ~ , . , . . wegian Catholics is somewhat limit: Olaf to evangehze Norway, and aAmerican Dietetic Association, Amer- while ago. The study concerns itself Paper, ' prowdmg textual evi- ments, bribery of officials, e~ ed. The King ~nd Queen of Nor- French pilgrimage from Rouen, be- ican Medical Association, American only w~th t~he 45 largest c~tms in th~s dence of the official war on re- the pretext of religious c0~ ......... ,. .......... , ... cause it ~'as a Bishop of that city who u~ ~ ....Association of Record Li- country, ligion being waged in Russia. are punishable with--- ~,~ ~uu~ par~, ~oge~ner wl~n nlgu . o ~'~ "~'~ " " 5 state o~ ................ baptmed the King-Saint brarians of North America Canadian The total popu'lahon of these 4 The laws published from the imprisonment for a period ~*~cm*s an, mgm,ar~es oz ~ne ...... L . ' ~ ..... "~i-- "Father Schwitalla ,,'~.rh..,._ .n_._ ,, , ..... ~athohc P" * on x~t~ gu~, ~lt, es, vv ~t~ rapex las~ week provm Lutheran church, which is Lhe offi- s ew, But ~:steemed. Medical Association, Committee ' . . .. ' " - ceeding five years, with tl~ " ,, i ..... consequences set forth in tl ........... The Norwecqan Cath 1" .,, ,~_ ,~._~:__ ^~ x~..~.-~ ~ ed said, was 28,781,140, ann o~ ~n s ed for the abohtmn of rehgious Clal church oi i~orwav l)el ~a " ~ . o lea are Vela ~i,e ~r~t,,,,s ~* ,,--~,,,s .chools, M- ~. e~ UO..S ~ ent ..... few and fm the most art converted 1 al D~vlsion number 15,817,633, or 60 pez c , oaths, p~oh~b~tmn of rehgIous of Catholics fro ma number of coun- " P ical Mission Board, Hosp't ....... part of this article tries" att~-~4 from Protestantism. They mostly be- of the United States Nav,~, Hospital stated that they were. adherents of teaching;, denial of juridical per- Article 59 (7).-- Propags~ long to the cultured classes, and Library ~and Service Bureau, Inter- some church. Of this number of sonahtyto churches and religious agitation intended to arouse Commendation hy King. l among them are some true exemplars national Catholic Federation of church adherents, 2,270,777, or 51.9 sectaries; prohibition of property or religious enmity or differe~ The King of Norway, speaking not I of the Norwegian nation, such as the ~mses Marine Cor-s of the United per cent of the total church adher, ownership by.churches; denial of the distribution, preparatio~ " "" ~" " ' " P " om- ents, belong to some non-Catholic de- right to vote or hold office on i :: head of the State church but only[wrltel, S~gnd Undset, to whom was States, National Hospital Day C i ing of literature for this purP' neaa oz the ~orwegian nation, as] awarded the Nobel prize for litera mittee National League of Nursing nominaiton, while 7,546,856, or 48.91 the part of ministers of religion, punishable with--- ~'ad he pointed out in the course of his tare and Lars ~mo,~ r~;.~.,.. ^, _. ". li per cent, statedthat they were Re- and confiscationof allchurch imprisonment for a pen r .......... ~ ........... ' ..........~auca~n, Umted States Pub c ...... i emarKs, amo evo~ea tne sainted[the Norwegian Poular University Health Service and the Hospital Di- man Catholics. me Catnonc group, property.) ~ I ceeding two years. ~ memory of King Olaf, the great Soy-/ Catholic memories of the countr ......... :~-~ ~a~-s Arm" therefore, constituted practically 49 (By N C W C News Service ) I Confiscation and Isol~ti er i a.~ . . I .Y VISIOn Ol [ne UIIIL~O ~b I~t~ ,y. " .... I e gn-~uar~yr, ann.spoke in highly~are held in great esteem also among Among ....... ~ne ais~inguisnea mdivid" per cent of the church adherents, and London, Aug. 25. The secondII The same activities, if c~r~ commendatory fashion of his work in[th. Protestants as was demo " - - . ...... 24 1 per cent of the populatmn, group of laws taken from the recent- in time of war or in times of in . .... , ns~ra~eauals parLicipa~ing acnve,y in cue con- . ,, troducmg Chrlstmn.ty rote Norway]a few years a~o bv the Norwegian ............... ~,,; Catholics Control More Beds. ty published White Paper" of the disturbances, are punishable " ~ ~ ~ ven~:lon are ur. William ~J~,v *,~-- . . i and promoting the union and well-IRoval Aeadem- which sent a ne .............. ~: "In these 45 cities, the total num- Brutishgovernment, settingforth l ~ ~' ~ ~" an presment oz ~ne American ~ueu,- ,, i imprisonment, wih strict is being of the nation. I ration to Rome to erect a comm--,~ g . ' ........... ,~- bet of hospital beds, according to the CertainLegislationRespecting Re- for a period of not less i~ Nor " ' ~'"~- eal Assoclazlon; ur. iv/alcolm x. lvxa,c- . ....... weglan Cathohcs entered I rative stone in the crvnt of ge p~*,,' ............ available statistics for the same year, hgnon m Force in the Union of Sower years, and complete or partm w " ~. .......... macnern, ~s$oclace an'ec~;or el ui*e .... ,, . . . hole-h~rtedly rote the national[ near the tomb of Adrian IV the P--- .~ ....... 1926, was 22S',138, of which number Socmhst Repubhcs, specifies punish- cation of property, the Pun ce .' ." . , , upe American t~olleg60I ~urgeons; t~,,- . .... lebratmns, since they recognize in who befme ascendin- the ~ ...... - ........ 50,066 were under some church con- ments for rehgmus ag~tatmn tending .being increased, if there are Ki ' I , - g ,r~ne ~ erat Hugh ~ ~ummings, M. U., sur- ,. ~ Olaf a Saint of the Church, aI St. Peter, was Pontifical Legate ingeon general, United States Public trol. Twenty-two per cent of all hos- to weaken the Soviet power; for the ly aggravating circumstances, ~arvyr ann an Apostle belonging in Norwa and " "'s ....... pital beds in these cities were, there- teaching of religion to persons under supreme measure of social pr* th . _ . I y oy n'- wor~~nere won Health Service; Col. Weston r. " . . . . . e ranks of sovereigns who,their ] great merit in the eves of that na .............. ~ fore, under some church control, and age m state or private educational In- ~shooting, and ,confiscation ( e ' " - unamDerlaln, u ~ A., cnleI oI ~ne . . . yes being opened to the lightof I tion ~ , ~ " ' ~. --. 14 5 per cent of all hospital beds an- stitutlons or' schools; and for the per- Christian Truth bestowe " " Professional ~crvice uivision, o~ce " , d it as a pre- ' ........ zmv der Catholic control. Of the numberformance of religious ceremonies or erty. cious treasure on their people, lead-[,r~ ........ oz u~e surgeon gene~a~ o~ ~ne..a '~o' under church control, the non-Cath- the establishment of forms of re- Article 122. The teachi'g persons under age in stat~ i:agtitoh::ndl~:rh:alP=lhvOf true civil atholle .I lospltal cD;ai,~nI:~amo~it~e:lSSn ttios~:~igza: elic denominations are credited WiLnh ligious representation in state or Pub- gious belief to young chil$ ation. Convention Closes ' ~ ~ ..... fican 34 5 per cent of the hospital beds u - lic institutions They also deprive vate educational establishme .. ~ ~t , .. ] .... tion ot t~omreat'eople, ~me" Hol- ra~ner s ,-.e ........ - -* ~'~ * -, ,- ~. ~ . o der church overnment and 64 6 perthose now or formerl servin re- ....... s ..... r a ~ g " Y g schools, or violation of the , YYl[II l e-electlon ot Hospital Assocmtmn; ur.~ e ...... The Holy. Father s message to ....... o ........... di cent under Cathohc government,llgmus cults, of eleehve rights. Ms r I ~aplie, secretary o~ &memcan ~we - tions on this subject, is ptl g Offerdahl and the Catholics of All 1-~resent Officers eat .......... t)onege; ur. dosepn ~. tuorrow, Comparing these figures wibh the pop- Following are the documents: with Norway was as follows: .......... me~ ulation figures just given, we reach (Translation.) compulsory labor for a pc; ,, . . chairman iuDerculosls ~ecElon, /k "- 1 It is not without jov~ that We D~stmguished National Fi~,ures~ atican nosp~[ai ..... Assocm~ion;" ..... vne Eev. the rather remarkable conclusion that The Civic Code of th~ Russian Social- exceeding one year. ., earn from you that shortly is to be Convention--Study of Value of ..... church adherents who supply 60.5 per ist Federal Soviet Republic Patrick J Mahan, b. d., rtegen~, Loy- ~ ,, Article 123.--The comm1~' celebrated there the memory of St i Nursing Sisterhoods to Nation " ~ " ...... ed" in'e cent of the population offer 22.4 per (Collection of laws of the Workers I acts of deceit, with the objec . . " ola universky ~cnool o~ ~u ]c , . . - , Olaf, most famed King and Martyr, Announced---Tribute Pald to ......... o_i.....;.~ cent of the total hospital beds, while and Peasants government, No. 71 .couraging superstition a~~ Unlcago; ~ne xtev. aonn ~. .~ ppr,~,,, on the occasion of the 900th anni- Nuns of Battlefield .... nivers't Catholic adherents who number 24.1 (November 25, 1922) ; Section 904.) I masses of the population a~ vers " S J, Regent, ~eorge~own u '~ Y o fe cry of his passing from an earth- -- ~'" " ......... hin~on D per cent of tt~e total population, f r (Extract) ] view to deriving profit of S ~Yok.mgdom to the Heavenly King (wBI~Nn~ n,Ws?pt.N:WSTS:er~::.)A1" !~i;Niis~!~:A~i!i~is:tc.~i!a~y;~AnmeE lb~d5s. POr ctentp~fi:hme rtet:~m~l;Y~;~ lA~Clseb~liefS::~t ~a;tt~ h:vt~::lI:y" therefrbm, is punishable ~t o o re compulsory labor for a P~ He is indeed worthy to be hen- phonse M. Schwitalla, S J, Dean of ........... " two-thirds of the population of these feet upon the extent of civil legal ca- I exceeding one year, with Pa o .... " " l~oller, presiaent American ~le~e~lc .. red above all b the No w the St Lores Umver it o of 45 citrus who are church adherents pac~ty y . r egmns,. . ." s y Sch. el Assoclauon, ......... an(r rrofessor E. V. Me- . " I~iscanon ..... oz proper~y or a hi he who not only gave hberty to his Medicine, was re-elected premdent of ...... ,, _,.:_.. ~Tniversi,.. ,control only one-fifth of the total -'-'--7-- exceeding five hundred roU . . . . . ~ouum o~ oonns nop~m~ ~ ~" ' e " ' natron, but successfully endeavored the Cat.hohc Hospital Assocmtmn of ~_ ~., ...... u__o_j available beds, whereas the on - (Translation.) Article 124. The enfor4a~ also to convert them to the Christian. the United States and Canada at its A striking~a~~ene~xeature*~Uns oz~"~ne .... conven-fourth of the total population who The CriminalCode of the Russlan'(tion of contributions on beha Faith. It is said, in facL that after fif~(~enth annual conventio~ which ./ .... are Catholics, control slightly fewer Socialist Federal Soviet R~public. ! having received baptism "he adhered' closes at the Catholic University of t!on was ~ne p~cing o~,,a wreath.on than one-sixth of the total number "(Collection of laws of the Russian lclesiastical or religious groupe s the monument to me r~uns o~ vne "trictly to.the path of true religion, America here. today. Battlefield," in aown~own ....... wasmng- of hospital, beds. Socialist Federal Soviet Republic, No. I ishablecompulsoryWith-- labor for a 1)e~ and not content with his own satva- O~her officers re-elected are' . ...... ' This figure alone makes several 80 (December 6, 1926) ; Section 600, t exceeding six mont~hs or a.t ton More than 4uo aemgates were tion,, worked by, every: means to ob-The Rev. Maurice. F. Griffin, ~.,,as- resent" at this ceremony, ann" among things obvious. . First of all,. the fact. with amendments issued up to March , exceeding three hundred roU~ tam the eternal happiness of the na-tor of St. Phflomena's Church, Cleve- p z ............ f eac~ of that we Cathohcs ,have given our31, 1930.) I Article 125 The assumP . . . them were represen~a~w.~ u ,~ 1 m of su 1 in tmn that Providence had placed be- land, 0., race president,, and Sister me .............. uraers o~ ~s~ers ~o wni-~cn ~i~'-t-" ~u e selves .... to the prob e pp y g (Extracts.) I religious or ecclesiastical neath his sceptre M Irene of St Lores. Me. ~eneral .... " .... hospital facilities with a great deal General Section. ., " ' " " "- is aia D ~ne monument. ~'a~ner . . tions of administrative, jt~ 'Wherefore the King himself---the secretary of the Sisters of St. Mary ~ .P ....Y .............. ~- :- "~'e more energy and success than haveArtrcle 36. Temporary banishment ] other functions appertaining. .... ~cnwltalla place~ ~ne wren,.~u~. .... n new state of things estabhshed---I of the Third Order of St. Francis, " ......... :on other rehgIous denommatmns; a d beyond the border of the.U.S.S.R, lic law and of the rig~its oi preached the Gospel as an Apostle. I secretary and treasurer., name oz ~ne ~ssuc~ . . .,_ secondly, that the degree of that or of the R. S. F. S. R. is only per-]persons is pumshable" v~t" h~'~ Dr Morgan, aaaressIng oneotne People of all classes hastened one l Sister Mary Rose of Mercy Hospi- . " " a~' dedication to hospital work among us missible in accordance with. the. ape-I compulsory labor for a P~ sessmns of the conventmn onWh after th o 1 Helen is so great that mterms of fractmns eml rovlsmns of the leg slatmn of e ther to receive baptism~ tal, Pittsburgh, Pc. ; S'ster "- - - " " " " " P " " exceeding six months or ~ .~ and the King; idols broken and al- rel of St. Bernard's Hospital, Chica- Medical Educatmn Means ~o a nosp~ of the various classes of ~he popula- the Union. I exceeding three hundred roU~ Article 126. The perfO~:' (the ,buildings of) state or 1~ st tutmns and undertakingS ious ceremonies, or the inst,' suc'h institutions and undeler~ any form of religious repreS~ (e. g., picture), is punishable ,compulsory labor for a pel exceeding three months~or exceeding three hundred : Article 127. The pre~ theperformance of any tel mony, provided it does public order and is not a, by any infringement of tL citizens, is punishable ,~ it] compulsory labor for a of the noble King, but also, guilty of of the largest cities in the United truly elevating and cannot but pro- great drama of the World War will Article 58 (10).---Propaganda or exceeding six months. treason, schemed for his death. On tMs account, "back in his country from exile in Russia--where he left to the people clear testimony of patience and piety---in tbe war that he, peace- maker, waged in the cause of justice, he was struck by infamous weapons and fell, a martyr, receiving at last a merited crown from the Eternal King. Blessings and Indulgences. "All this We like to remember, in order that it may appear more evi- dent how highly should be valued the t~ue religion of Christ, for the dif- fusion of which Olaf the Strong suf- fered all kinds of persecution, not hesitating~.even to give his life. "May Heaven grant that on this joyous occasion all Norwegian Oath- olics, uniting their prayers, shall ira- plore of God not only an unshaken perseverance in the religion of the Holy King, but also a greater diffu- States. The study was undertaken with the purpose of attempting an an- swer to the question, "Is a religious vocation to a nursing Sisterhood an economic value to the community proportionate to the economic loss following upon her withdrawal from ~he civic and family life of ~he com- munity?" The study promises many interesting disclosures when it is com- pleted, Father Schwitalla said. Some of the preliminary results of this study, which is strictly urban, were reported by Father Sehwitalla to the convention. They show from a new and interesting angle that Catholics in the United States are making a larger and more efficient contribution to hospital service than are the ~lherents of all other churches in bhe country put together. The remarkable contribution of Cath- olics to hospital service throughout the United States and Canada was dace lasting effects upon all ..... We physicians realize that in the properly condu,cted hospital the dull drudgery ~hat is yours, and while we may not always express explicitly our appreciation, it is surely in"the heart of every physician worth while." "I wish to reiterate," Dr. Morgan sai4 in conclusion, "the appreciation which we physicians and ~eachers of medicine have for the splendid serv- ices of the Catholic Hospital Asso- ciation of the United States and Can- ada, and to express in no uncertain terms our sincere prayer and wish that you may enjoy the esteem you so well deserve, and the gratitude you have so surely merited---not only from physicians and patients but 1rove died. As Secretary of the State to two Pontiffs, His Eminence has had an important role in the gestures of the Vatican during the conflict and its attempts to limit the tragic consequences," as well as the recon- .ciliation between the Vatican and Italy. A new catechism, on which Cardi- nal Gasparri has been working for about six years, will be released soon by the Vatican Press in Italian and Latin. It has been stated in certain Ital- ian and foreign journals tha% this .catechism is to replace that of Plus X, which was written "especially for Italy, and that it will be obligatory for the universal Church. The Os- agitation calling for the overthrow, undermining or Weakening of the Soviet power or calling for the com- mission of those counter-revolution- ary crimes specified in Articles.58 (2)-58 (9) of the present Code of the distribution, preparation or stor- ing of literature for this purpose, ~s punishable with-- imprisonment for a period of not less than six months, with strict iso- lation. The same activities, if carried out in times of general disturbances or in t~me of war or in localities where martial law has been proclaimed, or if use is made of the religious or na- tional prejudices of the masses, are punishable with the measures of social protection prescribed in Article 58 (2) of the present Code. N. B.---The punishment prescribed in Article 58 (2) is: "The supreme Franch,:$e BanS. (Translation.) Instructions of the Central rive Committee of the let Socialist Republics of 28, 1~26. (Extracts.) Chapter II, Par. 10.-~Ir~ up and checking lists both and of persons deprived rights, the election commiSS~. keep in mind. that the of the Soviet Republics rain persons and certain populace of elective (a) Persons who have or :~e having recourse to bet with the object of it. (b) Persons who have living on unearned those who have cupying themselves with (e) Persons who, by