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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
September 12, 1969     Arkansas Catholic
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September 12, 1969

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THE GUARDIAN, SEPTEMBER 12, 1969 PAGE 5 The Question Box By Msgr. John E. Murphy, S.T.D. Director, Diocesan Department of Education 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark. good purpose will serve that God should to exist? Will allow the Anti- xist for the same rea- rs sin, which is moral To vindicate His God never wills (since He cannot will contrary to His own can make it serve His glory, which is creating all things. if there were no in which the Anti- to be a mover, there be at that time the is proper for First Day to make it not sentimental? What of the practices of elaborate? Should breakfasts be in- There doesn't seem to ritual or ceremony What should (or should on First Holy Corn- Of late years, how- detail has been put Ceremony so as to im- Young communicants of the day. tess on material ele- veils, suits, dress- prayer books, special rosary beads) e the true meaning of reality of the day. children in a first class receive in a think that they should With their parents, be- cause it is a family affair. This is purely personal and it is best to follow the pattern in your par- ish. Parents as well as the other members of the family should receive Communion at the Mass attended by the young communi- cant if at all possible. Excessive emphasis on First Communion as the "happiest day of our lives" must be avoided. Communion is our "daily "bread," the Divine Food which we should partake of as frequently as pos- sible. Communion breakfasts are quite popular and seem to be in keeping with the event of First Holy Corn- Questions for this column should be addressed directly to The R. ev. Msgr. John E. Murphy, Diocesan Direc- tor of Education, 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark., 72207. Each question must be signed with the name and address of the person submitting it. Un- signed questions will be ignored. munion Day. It breeds solidarity between the youth of the parish, their parent s and the parish priest. The same can be said of First Holy Communion pictures. There can be no objection to them, un- less of course the one taking them upsets the decorum which should prevail at all times during the solemnity of the Mass. Q. -- In a recent religious instruction period, the teacher re- ferred to the story of the creation LVATION AND SERVICE ARE THE WORK OF OCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE FAITH SEND YOUR GIVe TO Rt@kt RneTml EablTd T. O'Merca Tke Very Rtcrew4 Jolm M. Bmm Natimml Director Dtocesa Dtrector j . a OR ls No. jZ str.t NOw Fork, Ntw York 10001 LIttta Rock, hrkausa$ 7220? of the first man and woman as related in Genesis as a "fairy tale," and that it is possible that other human beings had probably existed before this time and lived in other parts of the world. What is your opinion? A. -- The teacher used bad judgment if he referred to the Genesis account of the creation of Adam and Eve as a "fairy tale." He might have been cor- rect if he had pointed out that the Hebrew attthor was not giving a blow-by-blow account of crea- tion, but could have been using a "story form" to teach certain fundamental religious truths, much as did our Lord in the story of the Good Samaritan. Scholars call this story form "myth." The "myth" is primi- tive man's way of expressing his fundamental beliefs. In the Adam and Eve "myth," the Hebrew au- thor, inspired by God, is teaching that what GOd created is good; and that man, not God, introduced evil into the world. The author of Genesis teaches many other im- portant truths, for example: In the story of how Eve was created from the rib of Adam, he teaches that women are as human as are men. This and other truths taught in Genesis contrasted drastically with the beliefs expressed by the contemporaries of the Biblical au- thors, the Babylonians, in their "myth." The Hebrew author wrote this first part of Genesis to combat the bad theology of his Babylonian neighbors. Nothing that he wrote tells us scientifically how the hu- man race came to be or when it first began. Theologians today have been dis- cussing the fact that scientists lean to the hypothesis that human evolution led to a simultaneous development of many human be- ings at one time. Some reputable Catholic theologians speculate that this would not be in contradiction to what the book of Genesis has to say about the creation of man, nor even necessarily contrary to what councils of the Church taught about how all men sinned in Adam. This, however, must be treated for what it is, - theological specu- lation. It would be rash for a teacher to present it as some- thing certain. it * it Q. -- Which one of the Church Councils was known as the "Rob- ber Council"? A. -- A prominent official in the Church at Constantinople, Eu- tyches (378-452), taught the here- tical doctrine that there is but one nature in Christ, Hishumanity being absorbed into His Divinity. He was removed from his posi- tion by Flavian, Patriarch of Con- stantinople in 448. In response to protests from the friends of Eutyches, the emperor Theodosius called a general council to meet at Ephesus in 449. The council was presided over by the Patri- arch Dioscorus of Alexandria, who was favorable to Eutyches. The council was denounced by representatives of Pope Leo I. They were violently attacked, as was the Patriarch Flavian, who afterwards died of wounds inflic- ted on him. Pope Leo I likewise denounced the Synod. It was he who referred to it as the "Robber Synod." TRANG E_ BU.T TR_U E LiHle-'--K"nown Fact, for Ca0000ic, By M. J. MURRAY C;pyHlht, 1N9, N.C.W.C. News Service i ".' !iilii "Jhe ,ie ,c rH II.m CENTURf El.lURCH 0'. NIICWEL, PRCHED DR,#MRTtCRLLY ON ,R L  FTNCE. FIRgT ,4CCOUNT OF CL$,IIL 4THENS AIVD ITS HER/TIGE OF tl/q kC@S WRtTTXN ZY R. qBBIIq, ONE OF,# $/4LL tIRT'/ OF JEStJ/T WHO rTLED /H 4TPIH /N /(-5- 4g FIR'.ST" LITINg 70 &'NTR 7P1 CIr,V IN TWO_'AtlZ, IRIE . . Jesuil Experl Sees Bright Future For Retreat Movement Cincinnati (NC) -- Retreats face a bright future in the Church because the spiritual exercises on which they are based are be- coming better understood. This is the conviction of Father Thomas Burke, S.J., director of the Jesuits' National Program to Adapt the Spiritual Exercises. He was in Cincinnati directing the fifth national workshop on the Spiritual Exercises, which drew 335 priests, Religious, and lay men and women from 30 states and seven foreign countries. Father Burke said interest in the spiritual exercises, drawn up by St. Ignatius Loyola, 16th century founder of the Jesuits, is "very much on the increase" but he added that "the new thing about the exercises is the old thing -- that is, we're going back to the Ignatian idea of the 'guided' re- treat." This "basic idea" has been neglected, he said, in the emphasls of recent times on large numbers of retreatants and on "eloquent preaching." In the guided retreat, the spir- itual exercises are carried out on a one-to-one basis, with the priest in charge of the retreat seeing each participant for a brief time in order to "direct his pray- er," check on his progress, offer suggestions. "Ignatius was afraid of thep0s- sibility of a man's dominating another man," said Father Burke, "and he made it clear that the retreat director was not to inter- fere with communication between God and the retreatant." "Ignatius wouldn't have under- stood the term, 'preaching a re- treat,' " the priest commented. "He would go to a man's home, if necessary, to guide him in the spiritual exercises." The New York-born Jesuit, who has given hundreds of retreats, many of them to large groups, has been lecturing at Jesuit schools of theology in. the U.S. recently on the renewed understanding of the Ignatian Exercises. As for the numbers of retreat- ants required to support a modern retreat house, Father Burke be- lieves that "we must forget about numbers." Like Ignatius, hewould go wherever he was needed, and conduct retreats in whatever places were available. "Retreatants could sleep on the floor," he said. And it is possible to give retreats inpeople'shomes, he continued. Non-Religious Conscientious Obiection Upheld btj U.S. Court Harrisburg, Pa. (NC) -- The requirement that a conscientious objector must show religious af- filiation was struck down in U.S. District Court here. Judge Thomas A, Mastersonor- tiered the U.S. Navy to discharge honorably a l-year-old Phil- adelphia-based petty officer as a conscientious objector eventhough his anti-war sentiments are not rooted in religious conviction. Masterson ruled that John W. Koster is "sincere" enough to be granted conscientious objector status. The ruling, in effect, states it is unconstitutional to distinguish between those who are sincerely opposed to war, but do not base it on religious beliefs, and those whose opposition is based on such beliefs. To refuse to grant conscientious objector status to someone who is sincere in opposing war but who has no religious affiliation, Mas- terson said, is to ,violate the First and the Fifth Amendments." -- ZiP :