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September 11, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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September 11, 1920

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THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1920. i ii i , 00?ji00it - " ........ : .... " I" SLOVAK CATHOLICS SEEKS TO OFFSET '",,, of Note [ NEW WORKOFENEMIES wr.00on. ARE MAKIN6 IN ROME ......... _= .... ' ..... !., POLITICAL PLANS00 Si; tO |!? Stihbisho p Mannix less champion o; the principle that .  , a'ld_tlleites to occupy public at- underlies the just and permanent set-  ........................ i I)ssmly,  te of the most recent de- tlement of the h'ish 'question--name- [15J.NJllAh 31UItE;I2XItIATE IS i )r3| thee in connection with him is ly, the right of the people of Ireland FORMEI) BACKEI) BY AMERl- [ty with which the Bish- to choose their own form of govel- CAN MONEY. tnd and the Bishops of ment. In the advocacy of this prin- md by him, and for the ciple he has not only the unanimous ose who fancy that His e the and and the Bishops of (By N. C. W. C. Nears Service.) support of the whole EpiscoPacy, but also of the h'ish people of Australia and New Zealand, as manifested at the Irish Race Cnvention recently held in Melbourne. He is an acknowl- l edged leader of democracy in Austra- I Prague, Czeeho-Slovakia, Aug. 25.-- tary talk 'ho Were as llOt c( law of the plea lbourne finds no sympathy brethren in the Hierarchy, protest of the Bish- iainst the treatment of the by the British Govern- e Dame l ;, Monsi of the gure of )minent t in str  the Archbishops and ireland against the insult- assista at of the Archbishop of vice i iby the British Govern- arts of Cardinal-Prelate, Arch- Bishops of Ireland feel ![led upon by a sense of i0nour to protest against  treatment to which our tlate, the Archbishop of has been subjecteci by the rnment. !bishop has used his right l of the Empire to criticise f the Government, and to rlessly in plain and dig- late the claims of democ- ralia, and the rights of l Ple in Ireland to freedom ple of self-determination. this exercise of citizen- i Archbishop of the Catho- has been treated by the hrnment as an outlawed o is not allowed to set ative soil. tR against this indignity Archbishop as an fries- rights of citizenship, and ae provocative to further M unrest among Irishmen er. other Prelates, who know 'bishop Mannix to be a ce and a lover of liberty justice, assure him that af the British Government | undeservedly, indignities ill only increase our re- esteem for his exalted a great Archbishop and !Irish freedom based on him a safe journey to the Y to give for the first time of his stewardship as ,and we augur for him at the Sovereign Pontiff had the honour and ourselves on the Beatification of Bless- the affectionate a loyal son by a loving OF IRELAND. Logue, Archbish0p Archbishop of Dub - Archbishop of Cashel. Archbishop of Bishop of Os- Bishop of Raphoe. Bishop Of Cloyne. of Ardagh. Bishop of Kildare. ', Bishop of Ross. Bishop of Galway. Bishop of Killaloe. Bishop of Meath. Bishop of Derry. Bishop of Clogher. Bishop of Kihnore. Bishop of Achony. Bishop of Killala. Bishop of Elphin. Bishop of Cork. Bishop of Ddwn and /Bishop of Water- Bishop of Dromore. ,ltvan, Bishop of Kerry' Bishop of Ferns. Bishop of Limerick. Bishop of Clon- Protest. of the Australa- who have official visit to the Rome, hasten to en- rlhatie protest against indignity offered by to our dis- beloved colleague, Dr. of Melbourfi-e. and to the high of- indlgdity to us, as to the whole both priests and peo- and New Zealand. i Offences laid to his he has been the fear- lia, and as such has won the support not merely of Catholics, but of a vast and increasing body of non-Catholics throughout the Commonwealth and Dominion of New Zealand. Recently, at a public banquet in Sydney, the Attorney-General of New South Wales referred to Dr. Mannix as "Australia's first citizen." No doubt his advocacy of democracy s imputed to him as a crime by the enemies of the people in Australia and England. We have .seen it stated that Dr. Mannix's recent utterances in Ameri- ca have drawn upon him the con- demnation of the Holy See. We are in a position to deny' that His Grace has ever received a censure or a re- buke of any kind from the Holy See. On the contrary, knowing as we do the splendid services rendered by His Grace to the Church in Australia, we feel sure that he enjoys the full con- fidence of his superiors in Rome. We have already assured his Grace that, in the trial through which he is pass- ing, he has our fullest confidence and support. We learn with pleasure that ah'eady arrangements are being made to hold monster demonstrations of protest throughout Australia. HIERARCHY OF AUSTRALIA. F. Redwood, Archbishop of Welling- ton, New Zealand P. J. Clune, Archbishop of Perth. R. W. Spence, Archbishop of Ade- laide. W. Barry, Coadjutor Archbishop of Hobart. P. J. O'Connor, Bishop of Armidale. J. Shiel, Bishop of Rockhampton. J. Heavey, Bishop of Cooktown. D. Foley, Bishop of Ballarat. J. McCarthy, Bishop of Sandhurst. W. Hayden, Bishop of Wilcannia- Forbes. LONDON CABLES-- LIVE NEWS NOTES (N. C. "W. C. Special Cable.) London, Sept. 7.--Dr. Meyer, min- ister of the First Congregational Church at Westminster, led a move- ment yesterday to have the different churches raise a strong voice of mercy "on Sunday, so that the Government might be induced to alter its decision and release Mayor MacSwiney of Cork. He urged that appeals be tele- graphed by every nHnister and con- gregation to Lloyd George at Lucerne asking Mayor MacSwiney's release as an act of Christian mercy. Several newspapers, l{ke the Daily News and the Manchester Guardian suggest the release of MacSwiney. The Press is not unanimous in sup- porting the decision of the Cabinet. Bishop Cohalan of Cork, who ,is staying at Corpus Christi Church Covent Garden, has published a long letter in the Times calling for the instant release of MacSwiney both as a humanitarian act and as an aid in the pacification of present conditions, and urging the Times to use its lOW- erful influence for MacSwiney's re- lease. Archbishop Mannix has left London and, accompanied by Bishop Fogarty of Killaloe and Canon Barry, is visit- ing Major Vaughan, a brother of the late Cardinal and Father Bernard Vaughan, at the family seat of the Vaughan family, Courtfield in Her- fordshire. Archbishop Mannix, while President of Maynooth, was an intimate friend of the late Cardinal and his father. Dr. Peter Guilday, of Washington, arrived in London from Rome, and Visited the Cardinal's residence last Friday. BOOK LOVER. He that loveth a book will never be without a faithful friend, a whole- some counsellor, a cheerful compan- ion, an effectual confforter. By study, by reading, by thinking, one may in- nocently divert and pleasantly enter- tain himself, as in all weathers, a. in all fortunes.--Isaac Barrow. OUR M(FFro: "rilE GUARDIAN IN EVERY HOMEr" PATRONIZE OUR ADVERTISERS. The Catholic Popular Party of Czecho- Slovakia has decided to tighten up its organization in view of the reneed activity of the Social Democrats and the other political parties hostile to the Church, and steps have now been taken .to bring the Slovaks on to a stronger footing. The Slovaks are mainly Catholic; they have made great sacrifices and endured much for i the Faith, but politically they have not been the power that they un- doubtedly could be, hence the de- cision of the Popular Party to con- centrate for effective organization among the, Slovaks. Aid From United States. A general secretariate for Slovakia has been formed, With a well equipped tvorking staff," and this will direct all its efforts to bring about coordina- tion among the Slovaks. That the general secretariate will succeed is not to be doubted; this is foreshad- owed by the ridiculous panic into which the anti-clericals have been thrown by the news that the general secretariate is to get to avork. Finan- cially its success is assured by the Slovaks in the United States, who have contributed a fund of 100,000 kronen. The provincial secretariates have also pledged themselves to find a sum of 2,00 kronen monthly for the purpose of printing and distributing literature and periodicals supporting the aims of the Popular Party. Besides all this, there is a strong movement aiming at autonomy for Slovakia, which is being pushed by two priests, Fathers Hlinka and Juri- ga, who were at one time very much inclined toward the Czech side. The cause of all this is that among the governing circles of the Czechs, who are in the ascendance, there is either a strong leavening of Hussite Pro- testantism, or, what is worse, a bit- 'terly anti-clerical and anti-Catholic caste, which seers to promote laws and governmental decrees that would result in the crippling of the Church. This, to the Slovaks at all events, is thoroughly detestable, and nothing could be better calculated to estrange them from the Czechs, among whom the Catholics are far less numerous than among the Slovaks, who are a predominantly Catholic people. Monsignor Frind, the titular Bishop of Gadara, who resides in Prague, addressed the union of German priests recently, when he spoke on the difficult problems facing the Church in the Republic, particularly the sep- aration of Church and State, which is one f the main policies of the Na- tional Government. Mgr. Frind said that nothing but the untiring energies of the Catholic clergy will be effec- tive to hold the people to the doc- trines and practice of the Catholic Church, which is being menaced on all sides, and even by her apostate children. Apostates Are' Not Popular. The schismatic movement is far from dead, though at the same time it is far from popular, or rather, the schismatic clergy themselves are far from popular. Dr. Zahradnik, a for- mer priest who took unto himself a wife, was sent on a Government dip- lomatic mission to Vienna, where he found that diplomatic society has tugned its back on the lady who ac- companies him as Madame Zahradnik. Sometling of the same kind ec-' curred in one of the provincial towns, where the Czech authorities turned the Catholic priest out of his resi- dence, and installed id his place a schismatic apostate priest who had married. The Catholic priest, in ad- dition, was forced to vacate his church and hand it over to the schis- matic clergyman. The whole proceeding was too much for the people, who are devoted to their priest. They were so exasper- ated that it was only by the interven- tion of the police that the apostate clergyman was saved from a very bad beating up. As it was, the police stepped in, and inducted him into the benefice and the church. But nobody attends the services. This has not apparently deterred the schismatic, who attends the church regularly and recites the service to the empty benches, with a congrega- tion consisting of his Wife, and occa- sionally a stray policeman who hap- (ConLinued from Pa'e 1.) friend of his, of how Holy Church had got him into its clutches again, of the awful sufferings he had gone through in the dungeons of the Holy Office and of his marvelous escape therefrom. It was about as idiotic a story as could have been invented, but possibly it served its purpose and took some peo- fie in. Methodists Repaid. What had happened was that the poor ex-Friar had repented, left the Methodists and asked to be received back into Holy Church. As he had nowhere to Jive, the Holy Office, whose business it is to receive people into the Church, was good enough to find him a place, a well known, quiet, modern and undungeon-like house of residence for priests wha are staying here, but have no settled home in any religious institution. He was given food and free quarters and in addition a franc and a half a day for inci- dental expenses. The Church even gave him 350 francs to pay back Mr. Tipple's loan. The method of his mar- velous escape was that, unhappily re- penting of his repentance, he walked out one day, as wtm possible for any- one to do by lifting the latch of the: door, and went back to the Metho- dists. What happened to him after that one does not know. Even tlie lurid story about the "dungeons" did not tell us. Methodists' Baneful Activity. These are just two instances to il- lustrate the activity of the Metho- dists in this direction. Needless to say ,all thraugh the time when the unutterable Nathan was scandalizing the world by his blasphemous and there are no epithets---twentieth of September speeches at Porta Pia and how bad they were is shown by the protests of the Chief Rabbi, for Nathan is a Jew, and of General Pel- loux, who actually gave the order for the firing which made the celebrated breach in the walls of Papal Rome in 1870---the American Methodists were with him, not an inch behind him, both in the meetings at their house in the street itself and in their pub- lications. It is needless to quote. Good American Dollars. A word as to the money which has been poured into Rome from America for the purpose of robbing Catholics of the faith and leaving them with no faith at all. In the days of which we rove been speaking, thirteen years or so ago, when the campaign against the Church on all sides was at its height, we were given statistics of the dollars supplied and the success atained. It is believed that just now, under the influence of the world move- merit of Protestant churches, dollars are again coming in. But when the old campaign fizzled out, when Na- than got toppled off the Capitol, when the Freemasons, made foolish by some success, came out into'the open, and people, seeing their game, rose up against them--in the years, that is, which began with the hopeless failure of the 1911 Exposition, ruined by the knti-clerical label attached to it, and the paent and glorious suc- cess of the Papal Constantinian cele- brations in the following year--we heard much less about Methodist ac- tivity, nor was it easy to get a' glimpse of their balance sheet. But we have that of their palmy days and we find in the report for 1906 that during the previous ten years the Italian Methodist organization had re- ceived from America nearly half a million dollars, two and a half million francs. Its subscriptions from abroad for 1905 were half a million francs. Miserable Showing of Methodists. When we look for the hosts of con- verts, we find that in Italy and Italian Switzerland there were then 34,000,- 000 people. The Methodists among them, members and probationers, numbered 3,449. ThSre were some- thing over'500,000 people in Rome. 266 Methodists i Rome. The number of Methodists Was 266. In all probability among "the two Methodist totals there would be a quantity of Americans and others, not Italians at all, but even if one takes the totals as they stand one finds that each "convert" cost about 7,000 francs, and that the Roman batch had been increased during the year by ex- actly 75 persons. As half a million francs had been spent in Rome for the purpose, each new Methodist had cost 6,666 francs. Get the Money Thby Want. Possibly the realization of this ridiculous-result made clear from the figures caused decrease of subscrip- tions and of publication. Looked at in this light, it is of c6ttrse ridicul- pens to find his way into the church, ous, but it would be a huge mistake out the as crow t amon ; gallcri hrongs OWII O1] the serV were t umed. rstices ()sitio e racket I compa: libert) God d The W ut hay: ies that idea oi tried. vice, in rance t regati are. I( of th0 sage to he fu )ugh s0i rrive t tey w# )wd th ;hat a l id he i presei h and;t ed Ca give . ke it t with-, PAGB FIYI 00Communications "i COMMUNIC'XTIONS. "lrclan/d--A Warning." To the Editor of "The Guardian": There is so much interest being aroused in regard to Ireland, that the following article with the above head- mg may commend itself to your readers. It is written by a man named James Dumes and has appear- ed in English papers: British people are bored with Irish politics. But you can't be bored with an earthquake. The' British people are apt to look on Ireland as a land of beautiful scenery and shocking violence, of charming sentiment and peevish poli- tics. The time has come when the British people must know that Ire- land is no longer a subject for toler- ant humour or mild disapproval. Ireland today is the keystone of the British Empire. That statemelat is not an exaggera- tion; it is a fact. The problem of Dr. Mannix has merely emphasized not established, the danger. The people of Britain cannot af- ford to be bored with Ireland. The Irish problem itself can be solved in two ways, and two ways only: Give them what they need or reconquer [tion of the glorious edifice of which we are all so justly proud. Why play into the hands of these ,envious ene- mies ? I may fairly claim to know Ireland and the Irish people as well as any man who does not live in the country, and I say that Ireland is on the brink of civil war. In the south it may be i only a matter of weeks before the :Imperial troops and the "Republican" army come into collision. i "So much the better," say the Brit- ish extrenfists. "A taste of Crom, well will do them good." So much the worse, say L .The burnuing !of Irish farms and the shooting of Irish rebels will set the Empire ablaze. Sinn Fein has builded well: It has made mistakes, its vision is narrow and its ideals ab- surd, but Sinn Fein in attacking Brit- ain's strength has found Britain's weakness. * $ $ $ * Can we afford to reconquer Ire- land? I do not mean so much can we afford to spill the blood and spend the money necessary for the conquest, as can 'we afford to lose an empire for the sake of an island ? It may be, and is, argued that an independent Ireland would be a men- them. ! I do not say: "Give them what they ace to the Empire.: I say a conquered ask," for the irish strongly resemble Ireland would mean the end of Em- the Orientals in their love of bargain- ing. They will ask for the moon to get a mountain top. The solving of the Irish question means the saving of the British Em- pire; and it must be done quickly. Forces within and without the Em- pire are at work seeking the destrue- pire. The Mannix incident is the writing on the wall. Things are happening in Ireland that the people of Britain do not know. It is time they knew that to be bored with Irish politics is to be ignorant of their own well- being. T. The Church of the South LOUISIANA. New Orleans. The Alumni of St. Joseph's Sem- inary have formed an Alumni Asso- ciation, for the purpose of fostering vocations to the priesthood. The Rev. F. Badeaux, pastor of St. Ann's Church, was elected president of the association. In the constitution and by-laws is expressed a second pur- pose of the association--"lending its support to the Little Seminary." This Little Seminary was founded by the Benedictine Fathers, from St. Mein- rad's, Indiana, by Rev. Lucius Grewe, O. S. B., at the request of Archbish- op Janssens. The first seminary was dedicated Sept. 3, 1891. In 1909 the cornerstone of the new seminary wa laid. Tle Holy Name Societies have se- lected November 14th as the grand rally Sunday. In the appointments announced by the Provincial of the Jesuits of the Southern Province, it is noticed that Father J. McCreary, S. J., as p#esi- dent of the Jesuit College, and Fath- er A. Biever, associate priest at the Jesuit Church, and missionary, have remained at their posts. Fathers Mc- Creary and Biever will be remem- bered as having preached at many missions in the Little Rock Diocese. St. George's Benevolent Society of St. Mary's Assumption Church cele- brated last month the golden jubilee of its foundatipn. Sister Mary Theodosia, nee Miss Jeanne Florentz, a Sister of the Order of Sisters of Perpetual Adoration, died about the first of 1//st month. Sister Theodosia was born in Alsace- Lorraine in 1861; entered the com- nmnity there in 4_880, and came to America in 1891. She/saw forty years of faithful service in her com- munity. Rev. A. L. Wagner, S. J., cele- brated on August 10th the diamond jubilee of his entrance in the Jesuit Society. He was born in Louisiana in 1846, and entered the Society in 1860. "At present Father Wagner, though advanced in years, is still ac- re treat the Methodist and other Pro- testant activity as negligible on that account. The danger at the present moment is greater than ever it was before. The war has played havoc with the work of the Church both on the side of finance and personnel. Methodists and other Protes.ant organizations, with the Y. M. anal Y. W. C. A. help- ing, unquestionably are making a de- termined effort to protestantize by means of mney the youth of Catho- lic countries. The thing is here in Rome and has to be fought. tive, devoting long hours to the con- fessional." Sister Mary Isabel Toups, of the Sisters of Mount Carmel, died on July 29th. Immediately after her graduation from the Mount Carmel Convent, Thibodaux, La., she entered the community of the Mount Carmel Sisters. She was ill since last April. Miss Frances Viguerie, 13 years of age, of St. Mary's Assumption School, won the first prize of the re- cent United States Army essay con- test over all the schools of New Or- leans. She also received the loving cup offered by the New Orleans Item. Grand Coteau. Mother Mary Theresa Gough, 81 years old, (tied July 31st at the Con- vent of the Sacred Heart. Mother Gough was born in Albany, N. Y. When yet a girl, her family moved to New Orleans. In 1876 she was pro- fessed at the Mother House of the community in Paris. In 1889 she or- ganized the parochial school in Grand Coteau. DIOCESE O:F NATCHEZ. "The Rt. Rev. Bishop John E. Gunn, Bishop of the Diocese of Natchez, has promulgated a positive decree in agreement with the Archbishop of New Orleans and the Bishop of La- fayette, prohibiting priests from of- ficiating at any marriage of subjects of the two aforesaid sees. Parties must meturn to their own parishes. San Antonio. Twelve Sisters of the Sisters of the Incarnate Word, of San Antonio, cele- brated on August 5th, the silver jubi- lee of their religious profession in this community. Brother Charles J. Aul, S. M., late professor of Spanish at St. Mary's College, died at Santa Rosa Infirm- ary on July 29th. Brother Charle was born in Pittsburg, Pa., in 1860, where his mother, surviving, three brothers and five sisters lire. LI2 HUANIANS RAISE FUND FOR FAI'l (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Boston, Sept. 4.Lithuanian Catho- lic students who held .a convention here last week voted to participate in the worl4-wide movement to raise a fund of $500,000 for the propaga- tion of the Faith in Lithuania. A contribution of $15,000 was sent to- Lithuania for use in educational enter*  prises which are being supported in large part by donations from former citizens of the country now residing in the United States. The convention opened with the celebration of mass at St. Peter's (Lithuanian) Church. The Rev. Julius Chaplikas, of Worcester, was cele- brant. Anthony Pokas, of Chicago, presided at the convention, whose ses- sions were held in St., Peter's hall, West Fifth street, South Boston.