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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
September 11, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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September 11, 1920

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! I"i -!': : k #.. 'r r '  PAGE FOUR I THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1920. Published Weekht by THE CATIIOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Dioce. of Little Rock 309 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the postoffice at Little Rock. Ark., under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. flUBSCRIPTION PRICE. $2.00 THE YEAR] Change of Address When a change of address is desired the subscriber should zive both the old and the new address. Correspondents Matter intended for publication in The Guardian should reach us not later than Wednclay mornmg. Brief news correspondence i always welcome The kindness of the clergy in thm matter is cordially aplrectated. Very Rev. A, Stocker. 0. S, B. D. D .................. Editor-in-Chief Rev. Edward A. Flanner ......................... Contributing Editor Rev. Gee. H. McDermott ............................. Managing Editor All communications about "The Guardian" should be addressed to the Rev Gee. ii. McDermott, 309 West Second Street, 0 FFICIAL"-PPROVAL The Guardian i the official organ of the diocese of Little Rock, and I pray G(,d that it jnay be an earnest champion in the cause of right, Justice and tuth and an ardent defender of the religion which we all love so well. 1 extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long anti prosperot. JpHN . ORmS. BiShop of Little Rock. IAttle Rock, Ark.. September 11, 1920. | OFI,'IC1AI, h 07 ICE. , v ('OLLECTION FOR THE HOLY 1 A7 HER 'Pile Right Reverend Bishop has appointed the First Sunday in October, for the collection for the Holy Father. The claims made by the unfortunate children of the Church on the Father of Christendom are both numerous and urgent. These same chil- dren once gave most generously to the appeals of the Itoly Father and now He is deprived not italy of tlmir support but is constrained to aid them in their suffering. He pleads most earn- estly with those to whom God's Providence has light of true wisdonl, an appreciation of what is for their best. Another thought strikes us in this connection. ll' we are to pray for the tillers of the soil, nay we not also pray that they be progressive and learn to improve their methods of farming? The achievemnts of science are certainly in- tended to be utilized, and divine Providence cannot be dist)le, ased if farmers follow tile nlore tend'or(able an(t more lucrative ways of tilling the soil. A pastor would not go out of his way, if lit' called the attenlion of his rural congre- gation to this fact. lie ought to take an in- terest and be a leader in any movement that is apt to rivet his parishioners to their healthy onviv(imn(,n/ and make them satistled with their lot in life. In this connection we wish to quote once more No. S of the ri,solutions adopted at he recent meeting of Catholic societies in Fort Smilh: "Again we call the attention of our farming population to the excellent practical hel l) that is furnished gratis both by the agri- cultural dcpartnent ot' the State and by tim raih'oad companies." S. O-O THE LAW 0I; GRAVITATION IN THE MORAL ORDER. more fortunately l)een extended to assist Hint must become as one will, and this is effected by in caring for Christ's loved ones, the poor and authority exercised and acknowledged. Thus unfortunate, the various' sections of an army move towards The central fact and force of he material universe s tim law of gravitatmn. By t th(, heavenly bodies are, heht in place and regulated in their harmonious movements. Abolish that law, and the nmtcrial world must COUle to an early catastrophal end. Likewise, there must be a law of gravitation in the moral world. Its name is authority. Authority holds together the family; authority cements a number of families together into a State; uthority binds the various States into the grand. (mien of the United States. Now, one might ask, what is authority? Authority, in the most general sense, is the right of imposing one's will upon others. This is the subjective side of authority. On the ob- jective side authority is the acceptance of the will of another for regulating one's own ac- tions. Wherever a number of beings are to con- spire towards a co,anon end, authority is indis- pensable. For in that case the several wills It is the wish of the Right Reverend Bishop tim( the Fffithful will even excel the record for generosity to this appeal which they have es- tablished heretofore. By Order of Tile Bishop. J. P. Fisher, Secretary. O-O THE TILLERS OF THE SOIL. During the present month the League of the Sacred Heart has for its special intention to pray for the tillers of the soil. The end pro, posed is to obtain for the agricultural popula- tion of our country the grace that will make them satisfied with their 10t. For there has been a great exodus from the country to the city, especially of young people, these last de- cades. Nor is this fact one of the least factors in the present economical disturbance, which has so many other disturbances in its wake. For what is wanted is more production; but, as a matter of fact, this centralizatiop of/:he popu- lation in cities has diminished production, while an ever increasing consuming public must di- vide the smaller output among themselves. Hence things are hard to get, and the run of a large multitude after a small pile has a nat- ural tendency to drive up the prices of articles. From the standpoint of religionthough the economic aspect of this phehonlenon in itself is not disconnected with religion, inasnmch as un- settled conditions are in many ways unfaxof alfle to the prosperity of religion--the aban- donment of quiet rural life is especially to be regretted. Not only has the city temptations for the young frop which the country is free, but families in the city have as a rule fewer children and, in the course of generations, seem fated to die out. Now 80 per cent, of our Catho- licpopulation are dwellers in cities. If, then, we wish to maintain and increase our numbers and our strength, we cannot look with uncon- cern on the present drift of our people towards cities. There should be concerted efforts on the part of those who have any influence both to retain the present rural population in the coun- try and to induce new immigrants to, settle in the country. During the present month this is the object of our special prayers. Any effort in this direction is a move to st'engthen both the State and the Church. For the welfare of both demands nmre tillers of the soil. Nor is it to ask a sacrifice of those who are irMuced to stay or settle in the 'country. For, after all, whether we look at the situation from the viewpoint of health or of economic comfort, the rural population has in either re- spect the ascendency over the city population. In every country where the war has played havoc, the rural population was least touched by the general calamity. Unemployment, high rent and so forth, are evils unknown to those who live on a farm. Accordingly our prayers aim simply at obtaining for these people the one aim, because the smaller units of the army folh)w the directions of their lieutenants, and those, in turn, the directions of their captains, colonels, generals up to the comnander-in.chief, whose will is the first for all the army corps. Without such subordination there would be no discipline, and without discipline no hope of SUCCdSS. The same holds good in civil life. For this is the very id6a of a commonwealth that a num- ber of fanfilies are united to reach, by con- certed measures, what the individual fanfilies by themselves could not compass, Viz., a peace- ful, comfortable, and prosperous existence. The very idea, then, of a commonwealth is harm(my, and harmony must have tim dominant note of authority. Destroy authority and you destroy the commonwealth. Instead of order there will be chaos, instead of prosperi.ty there will be want. You have abolished the law of gravita- tion from the moral order! Is it, then, only by a paradox that nan can be happy, namely, by sacrificing that which is his gregtest source of happiness, his personal independence? To a certain extent, yes. For this is a nece4sary condition of our. creature limitations, that we can achieve the highest hap- piness only by cooperation, and cooperat.ion means an infraction of independence. But to the thoughtful man such a sacrilice will com- mend itself. Especially in a country like ours, wlieo we clmose th(, men who are to wiel(l authority, nen in xvlmm we have (.onlidence tllal tlley will make a i)(meticent use of the power vested in them for lira common good; where we have a constitution that will remedy for each of us the abuse of authority. Oh, the constitu- tion! That any Am(q'ican can I)e anything else l)u( its sworn de, fender ! If all things do nol go right, however, in spite of constitution and and democratic govermnent renmmber that in nature the law of gravitation does not prevent earthquakes, inundations, Iraqi- storms, landslides and a thousand other dis- turbances. But they are transitory and make room for better tinms, while the abolition o1' the law of gravitation would bring the end of all' things. The haters of auth'ority, snmrting un- der some real or inmgined grievance, are like those that wouhl'tear the force of gravitation from out the universe,/)ecause a hurricane has sunk their cargoes or blown tlmir barn to pieces I What still more takes the sting out of.the! essential thing in this world, authority, isthe consideration, that, in the last instance, all law- ful authority rests on God. In submitting, then, to legitimate authority, we submit to God, that triumphant Will whi(.h has made the world, luls established its Order; al(l will lead 'the ob(dient to happiness. 1tenet it follows that authority has its strongest bulwark in the t':aith in God. In other words, whe'e religion ts appreciated and practiced, there parental authdrity and state authority have the only ab- solutely safe backing. S. FRENCH FA1TII. Paris, August 16. Guardian: One al)l)roaches the religious (luestim in France with somewhat nfingle(l emotions. Re- viewing lhe w(mder'l'ul past history of llle coun- try and her contribution in Catholicizing the worhl the hol)e is strong tilat (led nmsL reward her for ancient loyalty and zeal. The move- ments to faith visible on every side are so many mule evidence that somewhere in the soul i)f the race lhere is an undying alh,,gianee to the reli- gion which made the nation illustrious in days agone. The story ot' revolulion uprising and the nlore re('ent nlodern defection are shadows folh)wing in the path el' the, I)right sunshine that streamed before. Then tile chronicle of the war, stressing (lie revived faith and the notable cxamphs el' religious sacrifice threw out a new perspective from whicl to regard the s()ul ot" this l)eot)le. So a visitor hardly knows with what state ot" mind lie should address Ilimself to a study of the religious problems here. The writer can give only lhe inferences that he has drawn from a casual observation. It wouhl be downright foolish to pretend that a traveler whose opportunity for exanfination is confined to eliance acquaintanceship and the re- stricted services in the clmrches to which he may J)e permitted to enter give a just and ade- quate norm for a satisfactory verdict on the religious life el' a people. Nevertheless there are certain conclusions at which one may ar- rive wtiich nay cast at least a dinl light on the perplexing situation. At the Churcl of St. Roch, where the writdr c(dcbrated mass vesterday, the priests connect- ed with the l)aris'h were extremely gracious and kind in alh)wing all the privileges wlfich could be accorded, t[ere, then, it may not be out of place to repeat the words of a well-known American wile resided in Paris for nearly two years and engaged in work which brought him into intinmte relatiofiship with ecclesiastics high and low, was proud to pay this tribute to the minor clerical body of Paris. He had been re- quested by officials in Rome to give his views on the restoration of diplonmtic relations be- tween France and the Vatican. He hffd lately come from ah interview withthat supposedly arch-enemy of Catholicity, Viviani. This man, wile clainled tlmt he would tear the stars from the heavens admitted, according to this gentle- man, that the mistake of his life was made when he. rose in opposition to the pr,werbial faith of the French populace. To nmke amends he in- tends to deliver a speech in tile fall term of the chambers urging strongly a resmnption of cor- dial alliance between the Holy See and the French Govermnent. But lie attempted to de- fend his former antagonistic attitude by placing the blame on the unbending conduct ot' those in ecclesiastical authority..He insisted that most of the higher clerics were loyalists at heart and their refusal to accept tile advice of Leo Thir- teenth had brought on the religious war be-' tween Church and State. When this American informant of the writer was talking with the Vatican officials, therefore, he nmde bold to say that when the diphmmtic relations were re- stored it would not be with the politicians, but with a certain (..lass of narrow-viewed clerics that friction might be expected to come. The gentlenmn paid Iris tribute to the lesser clergy, the assistant priests, who'since their subsidy has been withdi'awn have been driven to live under conditions thai nfight have daunted the spirits of many of the apostles in the first days of Christianity. "Educated, cultured gentle- men," he went on to say, "living in attics that beggars of the streets lad deserted because of the intolerable environlnent. Young men whose ability and personal eharnl would entitle them to grace the highest circles in society, con- denmed to drag out a weary existence in sur- roundings the most repulsivl,. Gay witlml they are and cheerfully fulfil|hg their saintly call- ing undeterred from doing the will of God by either the derision whicl clogs their lowly lot or the hostility whiell follows in the wake of their fdelity to duty. France is not lost to the faith when men (it' this calibre are still willing to brook the scorn of the worht that they may be'about their Master's business." Retumfing to the Church of St. Roch, then, we lind ourselves spectators at a service, the more gorgeous because all the splendid panoply of pontifical ceremony is ondisplay. It is the national feast day, let it be remembered, the Imdy Day of our western affection, on which Iouis dedicated his kingdom to ,the Blessed Virgin. One was disappoin/ed at the meagre congregation which appeared to be present in .qu main church to assist at the pontifical mass. Just here, however, is the trap which leads many superficial observers in France and Italy to be caught in unjustified criticism. When the Writer came from the sacristy to celebrate his mass on the altar of the Blessed Sacrament his hapel was erowdd. If one counts all the side altars in the nmny churches and the unnum- bered temples spread throughout the city, it is rather risky to hazard an estimate of the con- gregations atendant at mass on the single slim crowd that may perchance have been seen in the body of one church. After mass the writer remained to listen to'the sermon, at least pgtrt 1 of it, and here he might be forgi' -- critical coent if tte complaintilv-lt that the discourse was entirely -: possibly too scholarly for the " /# with which the American churclm filled. It was a great feast to be s[ .... Were oilier (lay 2 comifig and t be;e?'stn:Pcc to hear oth(.r s( rmons, possil)ly, s h of the t nts of dogmatic and moral thcon connect i)e (.i,mprcsscd into a solitary ta]ki;y with v gracious to clergynwai ,lo werend and t the preacher eviden/ly as not cnd by hi the parish and no law of ,ose who wounded. bourne fir Towards noon we lad "the 1)]ea rethren ir at tlae mass sung in Notre l)ame  the prot . ) . and and nal Arclll)shop oi 1 aris, Monsl - ' ' ' . -,.' tinst the The setting was worthy of the t by the : high altar tim vigorous tiger(; of prela/e, who played so prominent  the A the war crisis, stood out in str ireland ag amidst the dozen or more assists t of the he was surrol,nded. In a vaice by the : musical, he chante(t the parts of t{ tone that carried throughout the Cardinal rice. The historic church was cro Bishps and visitors moving about amongt: led upor by the hundreds. In the galleri R:::at= around the upper church throngs ] la" the grilled barriers looking down on has been neath, and accompanying the serV rnment her none too pious, it' one were t !bifihop ha the poses and attitudes assumed. !of the E cent organ filled ill the interstices f the Go withsoleum r(,ligious compositioIllarlessly i er heavy tones deadened the racketage the ( circulating sight-seers. A corn dalized that such unseemly permitted in the house of God duct of religious service. The edified, be it confessed, but nmnner in other countries sharply with our American idea was not particularly disedified. (men the special vesper service, (ion of the dedication of France Virgin, brought out a the capacity of the structure. hoped that the delegation of the Colurgbus on their pilgrimage -- r Rome , ould be present at the been so announced, but through arrangement they did not arrive was over.. When they (lid arrive they :he station by a smaller crowd have expected. It is true that a dignitary did attend and said Premier; two soldiers were represent the Marshal Foch Army. But if three hundred men came from France to honor of an American, we take it ing would have been decked with trious circumstance. At 6 o'clock the delegation Eminence. Supreme Knight by Mr. Mulligan, who was war work, and Mr. Hearn the bonds which bound Catholic America together. In Cardinal expressed his thanks that the first .visit on French soil" delegates to the head of the tie blessed them, permitted each kiss his ring as departure was he was made an Honorary Kni was given by the Knight ls Catholicity thriving in clusion flows from the menal a which the problem is approached. It wouhl ease the nfinds of ('mnpaigu nmnagers if the Irish settled before the election. It quite a t'iw now disgruntled, to aiTili'ttiols, When it comes to polities, the Irish have a clinging The Interchurch World Alnerica recognized that peril lies in the, spiritual[ ne This peril was foreseen by the centuries ago. tlence our and colleges. It is an early call for too early to list the starving Europe among those whom we on Poverty's Feast Day. So ferers are Catholics it would be tcrnal charity to give them of O America of August 28 has "The Duty of Woman Suffrage, a point on which we have re these colmnns. The editor sayS: ity, the social equity, the the popular welfa'e of the forth depend, to a greater now be able to divine, women voters. In no spirit aloofness may they view their ties. There question of tt that nmy be carelessly or even gone,'but of a tremendous cially in a government like ours like the present."