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September 9, 1990     Arkansas Catholic
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September 9, 1990

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PAGE |0 ARKANSAS CATHOLIC SEPTEMBER 9, to study marriages of Anglicans-Catholics Little Rock - A joint committee of the Episcopal Diocesan Ecumenical Officers (EDEO) and the National As- sociation of Diocesan Ecumenical Of- ricers (NADEO - Catholic) is preparing a book on reception and community. One section of the book will report on the reception of Anglican-Roman Mike Wallace 2721 Kavanaugh 663-1196 Catholic relations in the context of the family life of Anglicans and Roman Catholics in interchurch marriages. The committee would like to collect "stories" of these ARC families which would re- flect how and in what way, if any, the ecumenical movement has been re- ceived and lived in the ARC families. If your family is an ARC family and you would be willing to participate in a confidential survey, please contact Sr. Catherine Markey, P.O. Box 7239, Little Rock, 72217 (664-0340) to receive a copy. The committee has set a Sept. 20 deadline. AMERICAN MEDICAL RENTALS 1200 Barrow Road Little Rock, AR RENTALS & SALES Vincent Wren THE DISCALCED CARMELITES Priests and Brothers Prayer is Our Foundation... Nuestro Fundamento es Orar . . . Write to: Vocation Director The Discalced Carmelite Friars P 0 Box 5280 San Antonio, Texas 78201 &H&LVS $ By Laurie Hansen Washington (CNS) - Media coverage of the Persian Gulf crisis has prompted debate over an age-old question: Is a U.S.journalist first a journalist or first a citizen? In addition, the "anchors aweigh" atti- tude of TV networks as they competed to film as close to Baghdad as possible has brought accusations of superficial media coverage of the Persian Gulf crisis. Catholic university journalism professors are among critics who charge that instead of investing in long-term coverage of foreign regions, networks slash their overseas bu- reaus and all but ignore whole areas of the world until a crisis erupts. Then they send in their big-name anchors. Recently U~S.journalists Ted Koppel and Barbara Waiters have been chided by their media collegues for use of the national 'Xve" in heated questioning of the Iraqi ambas- sador on television. In covering the Persian Gulf, says Tom Beauchamp, philosophy professor at Jesuit- run Georgetown University in Washington, there has been "a subtle to overt assump- tion" voiced by the press that the U.S. government "ought to stick to our guns, that we're in the rights." Missing "has been the coverage of the feelings of the Iraqis, their history," believes Beauchamp, co-author or The Virtuous Journalist, a book exploring journalism ethics. U.S. journalism schools teach their stu- dents that the job of journalists is to keep a healthy distance from their sources, to act as government watchdogs, to constantly question what they are told. But how far should journalists go in a situation involving a foreign crisis? U.S. journalists, after all, are U~S. citizens. Where do their loyalties lie? Are there limits on their obligations as citizens? Larry Lorenz, chair of the communica- tions department at the Jesuit-run Loyola University in New Orleans, is convinced that the media haven't been doing their job in covering the Persian Gulf. "My impression is that the media have been cheerleaders more than anything else. Some questions have been raised by col- umnists. But I would think the columns in the New Orleans Times-Picayune would be filled with questions and they're not," said Lorenz. While national papers like the New York Times offer some in-depth coverage, "I don't see the Middle East situation fully explained" in city dailies, said Lorenz. In his view, U~S. journalists should ask hard questions of their even in times of foreign crisis. "I tend to think that's why our gave such wide latitude to us in Amendment," he said. "We should be ingly critical." While U.S. journalists are "at heart, c zens before journalists," it is a ligation in a democratic to critically at his government's cause in the long run citizens are sible for their government's acti0#' maintains Lorenz. Harry Colin,journalism and affairs expert at St. Bonaventure opei:ated by Franciscan Friars in Olean, agrees that a journalist is first a A captain in the U.S. Army reserve, believes it's important for journalists tO~ the hard questions of their officials, "although they can't answered." "The bottom line is that rity takes precedence over any journalism business," he said. With regard to the Persian ists should be asking "What are our options? What may happen with moves in the region? What kind do we have from our allies?" he said, A "blindly flag-waving patriot" be a "bad journalist and a bad citizOa, the view of Jesuit Fr. Paul A. sistant professor of communications suit-run Santa Clara University in Clara, CA. In coverage of the Persian Gulf, Soukup, U.S. journalists are guilty cepting the government line" questioning. "They have been painting (Iraqi Saddam Hussein as an absolute may be. But the media's been doing it uncritical way," said the priest. In his view the media should be gating "how Saddam Hussein power. Are there ideological, ligious, economic forces driving Pres. George Bush, he said, forces to the Gulf to "maintain our Maybe the Iraqis are saying they wait to maintain their lifestyle. reporting both sides of the story. He recalls the 1961 Bay the failed attempt by the U.S. to Cuban leader Fidal Castro. "The press went along with Kennedy on it. Later Kennedy wished the press had been more it had been, he thought, the country have avoided a major blunder "Primitive," from page 1 create rights," he said. "Recourse to arms does not constitute a sure way of maintaining peace." "For the Catholic Church, in effect, a defensive war would be only the last resort, once all efforts have been ex- hausted to peacefully resolve the con- flict with the help of allies and inter- national institutions," said Tauran. "Today's dramatic and heavy events having the Persian Gulf as their theater recalls to us the necessity, not only of respecting international commitments we have made, but of reinforcing them," he said, citing the U.N. Charter's o~ position to aggression. The accelerated pace of and nuclear disarmament must be continued so that massive destruction are he said. Humanity is in a dilemma nuclear age because nuclear can destroy the planet, yet the use them has resulted in an peace through the policy of deterrence, he added. Tauran called deterrence a of anguish," valid only "as a way to disarmament" and only accompanied by the "active other means to achieve peace."