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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
September 6, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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September 6, 1930

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rllT~l'~ /~TT A 1C)T~T A T~T A t TC~ T T~rl~ @/'~ 10,~ PAGE TWO THE GUARDIAN, SEPTEMBER 6, 1930 Published Weekly THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock 307:j., WEST SECOND STREET Ent~ed as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the postofflce it Little Rock, Ark., under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE $2.09 THE YEAR CHANGE OF ADDRESS When a change of address is desired the subscriber should give both the old and the new address. CORRESPONDENCE Hatter intended for publication in The Guardian should reach us later than Wednesday morning. Brief news correspondence is al~rays welcome. The kindness of the clergy in this matter is eer- t~n|y appreciated, ILT. REV. MSGR. J. P. FISHER ............................. Business Manager AH communications should be addressed to The Guardian, 807~ West Second Street, Little Rock, Ark. OFFICIAL ORGAN *" The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, ud 1{ pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of t~,ht, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion which aU love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope tlkat its career may be long and prosperous. SNO. B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. SEPTEMBER 6, 1930 POISON. (Continued from last week.) "In order that the educative agencies may co- operate to the best effect, it is important to un- derstand and safeguard their respective func- tions and rights. The office of the Church in- stituted by Christ is to 'teach all nations,' teach-i ing them to observe whatsoever He command-i ed. This commission authorizes the Church to teach the truths of salvation o every human be- ing, whether adult or ch d, rich or poor, private citizen or public official. "In the home with its limited sphere but inti- mate relations, the parent has both the right and the duty to educate his children; and he has both, not by any concession from an earthly power, but in virtue of a divine ordinance. "Par- enthood, because it means co-operation with for the education of their children. Should they through negligence or lack of means fail to do so, the State has the right to establish. schools and take every other legitimate means to safeguard its vital interests against the dan- gers that result from ignorance. In particular, it has both the right and the duty to exclude the teachings of doctrines which aim at the sub- version of law and order and therefore at the destruction of the State itself. "The State is competent to do these things because its essential function is to respect and protect the general welfare. But on the same principle it is bound to respect and protect the rights of the citizen and especially of the par- ent. So long as these rights are properl exer- cised, to encroach upon them is not to further SCISSORS STUFF. Once I knew an editorial writer who did most of his work with a scissors, that was an art. He clipped items i the papers, scrawled a few lines searched through a lot of other loose The trend of secular thought and writing God's design for the perpetuation of human ems to be one of audacious boldness even kind, involves responsibility, and therefore im: proposing radical lines of thought and action, plies a corresponding right to prepare for com- There is an insistence on turning over old and plete living those whom the parent brings into of his liberty, the State cannot rightly or consist- sacred things, a constant attack on all that has ifitherto been regarded as inviolate. Thfs does mot stop at secular questions or matters of eco- aomic policy. There is a deliberate attack made on the very principles of elementary mor- ality that is shocking in its brazen zeal to destroy the moral code. A great deal has been 6aid about the grossly immoral tendencies of writers and teachers, of the deliberate snub of- fered, to Religion and morality. But before attacking those who are guilty, it is well to look into the background from which 8iese ideas come. First of all we must concede that glib talk has cIisplaced careful thought. Respect for all authority has been attacked and to a degree defeated by those who set themselves up as masters of their own individual moral code and sist that there is no authority whose code they will accept and that all that is required is the sanction of his own conscience. Every exponent of a new theory is hailed as In authority even though his plan is yet in the most elementary experimental stage, provided f course theory has to do with the essential but intangible things of morality and Religion. it should be noted too that this is in what is called a skeptical age that demands proof of every step taken and accepts nothing on au- thority. In short while we are making war on the sci- entific and medical quacks, we are throwing our arms about the philosophical mountebanks that cover the land like a plague of locusts. To give just a few examples, the theory of Freud and others that attempts to destroy all moral responsibility for our acts by a foggy ex- planation that we are all victims of complexes and inhibitions which are for the great part to certain physical conditions prevailing within ourselves. Behaviorism is the same story told differently. Now come the advocates of birth control and eugenics. All of these obtain an immense amount of space in the public prints. All of them talk and write with an air infallibility that neither Pope nor General Council of the Church ever assumed. They pro- so vehemently and constantly thatthey make up the deficit of their facts with noise and !glib speech. Consider the examples cited. One hears of hem referred to as scientific facts when in very truth they are all the most nebulous kind of theories without enough scientific evidence back of them to warrant their mention in truly scien- Uric thought. Birth control for example "is omething that any first class physician will say is still a very doubtful thing, for the simple rea- son that nothing is known of it and the experi- mental use of it is fraught with extreme danger. 'et we have an organization strong enough in English speaking world to influence the ishops of, the Anglican Church to discuss its merits seriously. No one questions the propo- nents' of these theories right to speak, because we have all come to believe that the right of free speech allows us to be reckless and permits others to be so. Of course the primary cause of this condition is found in the attack made on all spiritual and moral authority in the sixteenth century when every man set himself up as a moral law giver nto himself. In carrying out his ideal he sep- arated Religion from culture and gave us mod- ern education, or the present system of heaping up unrelated facts of history, science and liter- ature and never hinting that there was a moral, religious ideal that wove them together and gave t hem a harmony and a meaning. Whis condition has produced one-sided mev. &nd women who lack a sense of balancing dis. ernment. In short our mental attitude pro. by the lack of culture can be changed welI managed advertising campaign wheth it ret] r, to morals, Religion or cigarettes. the world. "The school supplements and extends the ed- ucational function of the home. With its larger facilities and through the agency of teachers properly trained for the purpose, it accomplishes in a more effectual way the task of education for which parent, as a rule, has neither the time, the means nor the requisite qualifications. But the school cannot deprive the parents of his right nor absolve him from his duty, in the mat- ter of educating his children. It may properly supply for certain deficiencies of the home in the way of physical training and cultivation of manners; and it must, by its discipline as well as by explicit instruction, imbue its pupils with habits of virtue. But it should not, through any of its ministrations, lead the Parent to believe that having placed his children in school, he is freed from responsibility, nor should it weak- en the ties which attach the child to the parent and home. On the contrary, the school should strengthen the home influence by d veloping in the child those traits of character which help to maintain the unity and happiness of family life. By this means it will co-operate effectually with the parent and worthily discharge its func- tion. Must Prepare for Soc;ety. "Since the child is a member not only of the family, but also of thelarger social group, his education must prepare him to fulfill his obli- gations to society. The community has the right to insist that those who as members share in its benefits shall possess the necessary qualifica- tions. The school, therefore, whether private or public as regards maintenance and control, is an agency for social welfare, and as such it mears responsibility to the whole civic body. "As the public welfare is largely dependent upon the intelligence of the citizen, the State has a vital concern in education. This is implied in the original purpose of our governmenb which, as set forth in the preamble to the Con- stitution, is 'to form a more perfect union, es- tablish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, pro- vide for the common defense, promote the gen- eral welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity.' "In accordancewith these purposes, the State has a right to insist that its citizens shall be educated. It should encourage among the peo- ple such Iove of learning that they will take the initiative and, without constraint, provide ently make education a pretext for interfering with the rights and liberties which the Creator, not the State, has conferred. Any advantage that might accrue even from a perfect system of State education would be more than offset by the wrong which the violation of parental rights would involve. "In our country, government thus far has wisely refrained from placing any other than absolutely necessary restrictions upon private initiative. "The spirit of our people in general is ad- verse to State monopoly, and this for the ob- vious reason that such an absorption of control would mean the end of freedom and initiative. The same consequence is sure to follow when the State attempts to monopolize education; and the disaster will be greater inasmuch as it will affect, not simply the worldly interests of the citizen, but also his spiritual growth and salva- tion. "With great wisdom our American Constitu- tion provides that every citizen shall be free to follow the dictates of his conscience in the matter of religious belief and observance. While the State gives no preference or advan- tage to any form of religion, its own best in- terests require that religion as well as educa- tion should flourish and exert its wholesome in- fluence upon the lives of the people. And since education is so powerful an agency for the preservation of religion, equal freedom should be secured to both. This is the more needful where the State refuses religious instruction any place in its schools. To compel the attendance of all children at these schools ould be prac- tically equivalent to an invasion of the rights of conscience, in respect of those parents who believe that religion forms a necessary part of education. "Our Catholic schools are not established and maintained with any idea of holding our c:nTi;- dren apart from the general body and spirit of American citizenship. They are simply the concrete form in which we exercise our rights as free citizens, in conformity with the dictates of conscience. Their very existence is a great moral fact in American life. For while they aim, openly and avowedly, to preserve our Catholic faith, they offer to all our people an example of the use of freedom for the advance- ment of morality and religion." Chicago New World. of this chaos then comes a stream of discon- nected, disorganized, immoral and anti-religious propaganda that is accepted at its false value which calculated in terms of noise. This is the poison that is coming in at every turn. Most people do not recognize it because it is per- fumed with sweet phrases and beautifully la- beled for "Service of Humanity." F. .o. Observers of all shades of religious belief marvel at the strength and support Catholics in difficult and trying positions derive from their religion. They say that Catholics find in their Faith was frequently noted during the war in the great generals such as Mangin, Gouraud and Foch. It was remarked the other day in an interesting editorial brought to our attention it appeared in The Christian, Register of Boston and was written by the Rev. Dr. Albert C. Dief- fenbach, prominent Unitarian, who will be re- membered for his attempt to raise the religious issue again the Smith candidacy in the last na- *:ional campaign. Despite his anti-Catholic pro- flivities it will be seen from the following that is not altogether without appreciation of the " atholic Faith : "One reads a tribute to a man who has filled a hard post witb distinction and wonders aboui that man's religion. We note the passing of Joseph E. Tebeau, assistant to the managing editor of The Times, New York. In both news and editorial columns of that paper there is warm and tender tribute. As his qualities un- fold, we quicken and wish to be like this editor, whose daily round was exacting on nerves and temper. It is stated he was a Catholic and his funeral was held in his parish church. That is an intimation. What is it that makes this moth- er of all the Christian Churches a power over the faculties of a person, bringing him not so :much into submission as into decorous order and peaceful conduct? "One can give but a partial answer, but faith is the basic word, faith the everlasting yea of human life and the power within that life. "Mr. Tebeau passed suddenly, even as his daily routine was a swift succession of impor- tant decisions upon an infinite variety of de- tails--difficult problems among many co-work- ers which only a daily journalist can understand. "To do his job he had to have a stabilizer; we believe he got it from his Church. A col- league who was with him in his working hours says editorially: 'Everybody knew that he could be absolutely depended upon in every emer- gency, and would bring a wise and experienced udgment to bear upon each question laid be. fore him. He was never shaken from his per- the general welfare, but to put it in peril. If appears in the pulpit of a Presb the function of government is to protect the lib-jHis name is Partington and his sermon " '' " " " " S( 1 ed m the T mes It a scmsors erty of the c'tizen, and if the aim of education l . is to prepare the individual for the rational use Jtake up my scissors to let him explain He is talking about religion: "There of people distinctly hard to understand" say that the Christian religion has from the beginning to now. That and reverent---but is it sense? In realm we find change; without it we sadly disappointed. Would you aside electricity and go back to oil "In everything else there is painting, in dress. Suppose my say to me: 'Since I left college 25 I have never read a new book, I changed my methods or theories.' immediately change my doctor. And are people that hold that in the rea gion the old must remain unaltered." That sounds just like what would tired but ignorant business man to head in approval. It is scissors preacher said what everybody, accept and say without thinking. think and refuse to accept or say it. I wonder if this Rev. Dr. Scissors to think out his clipped opinions to end? Everything changes? to change? Two and two do not The whole is not greater than its is not an island? If Dr. Scissors is the way things should be. Religion is belief in the existence of an All-wise Providence called God. To change religion we would have to say that All-wise Creating Providence. based on the acceptance of a revelatio through Christ. If we change that we say that there is no rcvealed truth, what becomes of Christianity? what Partington, for example, be doing in pulpit? Like the rest of the scissors he fails to see that logically he is in clipping himself into a change of That might not be so bad for reli tainly might embarrass the Doctor. Of course all the Scissors Doctors may argue that what they mean is P not change. Then why not say is it progress they mean? A Unitarian to me : "My church does not grow but you will yet see its ideas grow. estant sect will adopt our doctrines, doctrines, before long." He was are doing that very thing now. They ing, but not progressing. The proceSS throwing out, not taking in. But throw out the Trinity, the Divinity and the Sacraments, they are going place mankind occupied before a heard crying in the wilderness and men to prepare the way for the Redeemer of the world. The more preaching, the lest Christ and the day when men without hope will truth of what another English pre quite recently. At the risk of scissors editor I give it: "Rome is seen to be the one corporate witness to that moral code tianity which preserves Western from final collapse. It represents the alty of the human race to its own highs standards. It is the iron bulwark of against the overwhelming invasion of rupting neo-paganism of our times." And that's that. fect poise, was never flurried or made instant decisions, as the need a calm spirit and a certainty of to every matter and every person He will be the more mourned as the days remind those who worked with need of such a staunch and capable whom to turn in every time of Religion and the Church are in the damentally for nurturing these holy !short comments of his own had editorials. It took genius of a to do that and this particular editor Only the elect saw through his nearest to that sort of editor I know days is Brisbane. He does not use steel scissors, but clips with the mind from the news of the day, the is reading, the conversations or hears. He clips material from almost That is one reason why his readers anything from him, even contra writes so much that he of sheer forgetfulness. The scissors a great forgetter. Comes an English preacher to New till he found one that fitted in