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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
September 5, 1925     Arkansas Catholic
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September 5, 1925
 

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i{i: i  t:(;  THE GUARDIAN, SEPTEMBER 5, 1925. lbllshed Weskit ME CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIY of the Dioee of Arkana |00 WEST SECOND ST]E Jterml u soa,da matter Marsh 21. 1911. at the ZmgflN at Attic Rook, Ark.. under the Act of  of Marsh 8. 187|. need that it would cease, there needs be no ap prehension concerning the matter among thos who used the very beneficial trolley lines; but 3rare is no indication of such, and if the present proportion of fading life continues to be seen i ;he steam or trolley lines, the time would surely come when the pessimistic prophecy would be susscmrrmN rmc., ,..00 Ks YzAa ................................................................................... realized. CHANGE OF ADDRESS VVen a  of addre is desired the suba mhould Sirs b old al the mew COE]RJSIPONDENON M(atter  for publieat|on in The Guardian should l-eleh us not mer than ,Vednesdmy morning. Brief news correspondence is always vqome. The kindness of the clergy in this matter is eordl,,ll &ppre- t.Vo GEO, H, McDERMOTT ........................ Manang Flitor kil eommunioations about 'hs Guardian" should be addressed to Rev. Geo. H. McDermott, 807 West Seemad Street. 7 ......................................................................... OFFIOIAL APPROVAL GmNilma is tJN oficlal organ of the Dioesse of LAttle Eoek, and pray God that it nm be an earmmt champion in the eaues of rht, astlce and truth and an ardent defender of the religion which we all owe o well , I sxtend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its mU    plespa'ou. Mt JOH B. MORRIS. Bishop of LRtis Eo. SEPTEMBER 5, 1925. Fourteen,h Sunday after Pentecost. ] ....... 0 .............. "No ma can serve two masters. You cannot serve God and Mammon."---Frrm /:his I Sunday's Gospel. Your pockets may be full, yet your soul may be empty .f Christ. of His promises and His Maxims,. ............ 0 ...................... Our [ocai courts are quite occupied wih iron- mg out the indictments and injunctions agains those who want "America for Americans'.' and take aII they can grab and graft from the treas- uries of state and "empire." ........... O-" ......... The aftermath and cost of war is felt seriously and unto the fifth and sixth generations. In Arkansas we have 6,959 Confederate pensioner:;, who will receive $158 each for 1925 from the State Pension Board. Approximately $1,150,000 will be distributed. Arkansas now has the small- est Confederate pension list of any of'the South- ern States.. ........ 0 .............. "Even the Fnndamentalists are beginning to realize that Our Lord left as His representatiw on earth not a book but a society," says Freder- ick Joseph. Kinsman in The Commonweal. He adds : "The Apostolic Church. is the important thing, the New Testament being one of its incidental products That Chm:'ch still lives, unwavering in its witness to first principles, with a present-day theology precisely what it was in the past, and a present-day practice now, as always, a great sys- tem for dealing with sinners who have never ceas- ed to know hemselves as such. If men would but face the facts as existing in that great half of the nominally Christian world, the Catholic Church, instead of the facts in a small number of those fragments into which the other half is ' I split, they would see where and how the Gospe still lives.. Fundamentalism is only safe on the one Foundation: and nothing is more truly mod- ern and up-to-date than the fulness of faith and life which the One Catholic and Apostolic Church exhibits. "Of course, I know," said a little girl, "that Sain Peter and the Virgin Mary were Ro- man Catholics--but I always thought God was a Presbyterian."' In these days, there is perhaps less ground for the supposition. O WILL THE RAILROADS DIE ? A few years ago the man who would prophesy that there was any possibility of the death of the railroad systems of the United States, would be derisively laughed at as one who was most cer- tainly non compos mentis, but whether his proph- ecy Would lack reason or not, the fact is that there are at this time, many conservative men who profess to believe that the time is not so iar dis- rant when every railroad in the country will cease to function, and that we will have to rely on the auto for all vehicular service. This seems hardly reasonable however, for it does no seem possible that the country can get along without its great railroad system; yet there are ominous indica- (ions of the gradual destruction-of the roads, and "it this time the passenger traffic-on'the railroads of America is seriously cut into b] the auto. Not long since one of the Eastern roads petitioned the legislature of the state in which jt operated to tear up 500 miles of track on account of the fact that it ran the road at a loss on account of auto service. The case does not stand alone, and it is true that many roads are looking forward to the time when they too must petition for similar re- sults. Great devastation has been caused by the auto on the trolley lines that used to operate between small towns, with a carrying distance of from one to twenty-five nfiles. One who has visited cer- tain parts of the country in recent years could not fail to observe that many miles of such roads have their, track torn up, and the bus now carries the few passengers who .would take advantage of the trolley cars. Were the destruction, so far effected, to be the last or were there any likeli- Certainly this would be a national mis- fortune, for no advantage which the auto or the bus gives will come up to the advantages provided by the steam roads, and this is especially evident in long distance traveling. The question is how- ever whether it will pay the roads to run in some near or fat" distant time. It all depends on the cessation of a popular demand for the public bus or private auto, but as these seems to be more in demand from year to year, it is useless to specu- late on their probable unpopularity. The convenience of raih'oad travel is so far superior to that of the auto that no comparison exists. There is no oubt that the novelty of the auto is not yet exhausted, and it may come to pass that the very gl'ut in the market which will probably result some day in the case of the auto, may cause its popularity to dwindle away to a greater 5t" lesser extent. Something of this kind was the case in the history of the bicycle, for in he days of its wonderful popularity no one would dream that it would ever drop down in public estimation and usefulness. It still retains some of its popularity in many districts, lint the old "craze" is gone. In all likelihood, the superiority of the raih'oad as a means of comfortable tl'ave] will insure its life for all time, notwithstanding" the pessimistic ln-ophecies o[' its death. 1). .................... O-  THE (J N M ASKINf, ISS U E. (fv'. C. W. C: Edito'rial News Shcht.) At the meeting of the grand dragons and tithers of the Ku Klux Klan held at Buckeye Lake, Ohio, in the last week of August, the mask was taken off the issue raised in hc Dayton. Tenn.. anti- cvolutior teaching trial. The Klan has now claimed that issue as its own. Some of the Klan leaders attending the assembly at Buckeye Lake, according to the Associated Press report, announced it to be the intention of the Klan immediately to begin a campaign "to awaken the American conscience to the need o reverting to the religion of our fathers and mothers." The means by which the Klan hopes to bril., about this reversion is the compulsory teaching of the Bible in the public schools according .o the interpretation of the Fndamentalists. There was a forecast of this national purpose of the Klan in the announcement recently made by the so-called Patriotic Welfare Committee of Virginia in its retention to have introduced into i, he Virginia Legislature at the coming session an anti-evolution teaching law, patterned after the Telmessee statute for violating which John T. Scopes was tried and convicted at Dayton. Rep- resented in the Patriotic Welfare Committee are the Sons and Daughters of Liberty, the Patriotic Order, Sons of America; the Patriotic Order of Americans (a women's order), the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, the Daughters of America, the Or- der of Fraternal Americans. and the Junior Order of United America. :Patriots all ! One not well informed abou he strength of undercurrents in the United States would be in- clined to thing on reading the above impressive roster of organizations supporting the proposed Virginia statute that the movement which pul itself in the limelight at Dayton was gaining in momentum and power. The fact, however, i. otherwise. In nearly all sections of the country the forces of intolerance are being defeated at the polls and are being disintegrated. The attempt which will be made in Virginia, and in other staes, to Sectarianize the public education, there- fore, does not signify an increase of influence for the forces of bigotry, but represents a last de- spairing effort to effect by law and force what could not be achieved by fiery crosses, hoods, night shirts, and other forms of persuasion. Hav- ing failed in their attempt to abolis.h the private schools by the policy which they sought to inau- ;urate in the State of Oregon, nd, if it had been successful planned to extend to other states, the forces of intolerance--what is left of them--are now boldly endeavoring to Protestantize the pub- lic schools. Even though it be conceded that some who were prominently identified with the prosecution of Scopes at Dayton were not animated by intoler- ant motives, but were honestly striving, as they thought, to protect revealed religion from the as- saults being made upon it by atheists andev01u- tionists, it should now be apparent that the pri- mary purpose of most of those who are support- ing this charactei' of legislation is sectarian. That, we think, should be evident from the char- acter of support the proposed anti-evolttion teaching bill in Virginia is openly pledged. The special brands of patriots who are to push the Virginia bill have never been concerned, up to this time, about evolutionists and atheists. Their bogey has ever been the political "menace" to the United States of Catholics, Jews and Negroes. So 'when they get behind an anti-evolution teaching measure, it may be taken for granted, we believe, that they see in it the possibility of advancing the cause to which from their beginning they have been connnitted and which has held them together. No one should be deceived about their PurPose, and no one, we think, will be. However, as the mask now taken off the issue in Virginia may be put on again for expediency's sake when like leg- islation is proposed in other states, it is advisable that all Americans who treasure the traditions of religious liberty should have a very clear concep- tionof the possible consequences of such legisla- tion affecting religion and evolution as has been enacted in Tennessee, and is now proposed in the Commonwealth which enjoys the disthmtion el having given more Presidents to the United States than any other. I was the contention of those who supported the Tennessee anti-evolution law in the Dayton trial that they were defending their religion" from an insolent minority that was attempting to dis- credit it by teaching in the pubiic schools a theory of the origin of man not consistent with the Bib- lical account of mail's creation. They resented the suggestion that the Ten.nessee anti-evolution law was in any degree intolerant. They argued that it is not unduly arbitrary for the state that pays the bills to prescribe the cur- riculum of its schools or make regulations govern-' ing the teachers in its employ. it is strange indeed that the lawyers for the defense did not take issue with this contention of tile prosecution that the anti-evolution law repre- sented the law of the majority in Termessee. What basis did the prosecution have for that as- sertion? Certainly not the religious statistics of Tennessee. The United States religious census for 1916 gives the total adherents of all religious denominations in Tennessee as 840,133. This total includes the Roman Catholics (23,015), for whom, of course, the prosecutors would not claim that they had any authority to speak. The United States census for 1920 gives the population of Tennessee as 2,337,885. Allowing for the increase in population since 1.916, when the religious cen- sus was taken, it must be clear that those who profess any religion in Tennessee are in a minor- ity according to the census figures. It was pure presumption on the part of the prosecutors ely Scopes to assert that they were speaking for :t majority. Their answer to the census fio'ul'es of Tenessee quotecl above probably would be that the action of the legislature must be aken as l'e:flecting the will of the majority. But our prohibition ax- peri,mee has taught us how false such an assump- tion would be; for did not the legishtture of Calf fm'nia and Missouri ratify the Eighteenth Amendment after the people of those states at the general elections, had voted down prohibition ? But even if the prosecutors of Scopes had been warranted in assuming that they wer speaking for a majority in Te|messee when they sought t:o have the court uphold the validity ol the anti- evo- lution law, there would still be a serious flaw in their reasoning. It does not follow logically, as they aplJarently thought it did, that because a state that pays bill, has a right to prescribe a course of study for its public schools and to make regulations governing its employes, it is also just- ified in using the police power to enforce tl:at law. There is a vast difference between insist- ing upon a certain teaching in the public schools and: prohibiting the employment of any teacher who gives an objectionable course of instruction, or refrains from giving a course which the scimol attthorities desire to be given, and making the failure of the teacher to obey the rule of the school board a violation of law for which renalty is provided. A man may have a perfect right to prevent the intrusion of a stranger into his home and to insist that the intruder get out, but the right' to eject the intruder does not include the right to impose a fine and imprisonment, net does the state have such right unless the ent;r- ing be with felonious intent. It is questionable whether any commonwealth. any more than any individual, has the right te use the police power of the state to safeguard itself against offensive action which can be curb- ed by peaceful process. The fact that the Ten- nessee anti-evolution statute declared that it shall be "unlawful for any teacher in any of the univee. sities, normals and other public schools of Ten- nessee, which are supported in whole, or in pare, by the public funds of the state to teach ,any the- ory that denies the theory of the origin of mall as taught by the Bible and to teach instead that man has descended from a lower order of : reals" does not make the evolution theory crim- inal in essence. The theory of evolution not be- ing criminal in essence, the Tennessee statue is nothing more than an expression of the Tennes- see legislature's will with regard to the teaching of the theory in the public schools of Tennessee. Public opinion in other states upholds the teach- ing of the theory as a theory, Tennessee by its statute merely recorded a conflict of opinion and of purpose. No act of a legislature can ,make criminal a thing which is not criminal in its na- ture, and the .use of the police power of the state to enforce any viewpoint would seem .an unwar. rantable invasion of liberty. The Tennessee statute, if upheld, might prove a serious infringement of minority rights If the Tennessee impose a penalty on anyone who teaches ory of evolution in its public schools, it pose penalty for the teaching of any which its feelings were not in acord ceivably not only corrupt public danger the liberty and property of senting from its views. That would open the way to every lence of bigotry. , For instance, if the state's right to certain teaching in the public schools be what is to prevent the extension of that ity to the private schools? In this view -which we think is the sensible view--one may be in complete with the late Mr. Bryan in his respect in the Bible, and yet be wholly at variance him in the means he would haze employed mote that respect and increase that faith. It was to safeguard individuals and frown invasion of their natural rights by islatures that there was inserted in the teenth Amendment to the federal the following clause: 'No state shall male or enforce any shall abridge the privileges or citizens of the United States; nor shall deprive any person of life, liberty or without due process of law, nor deny to son within its jurisdiction the equal of the laws." Does the Tc, nnessee statute, penalizing does the teaching in its public schools of ory which is not only not criminal in but which many, however misguided, hold the most plausible theory of Creation an abridgment of the privileges or citizens of the United States guaranteed under the federal constitution?' That is the real issue of the Tennesse' the :issue which the United States court tide. Until the Supreme Court shall decide the issue raised by the Tennessee law, be the part of wisdom, we think, for the lure of Virginia to refrain from enacting legislation. Virginia has great lgious liberty to preserve. James "father of tile constitution," was still man when the Virginia convention of held to adopt a constitution. George sented to the convention for its adoptio laration which he had drawn up on the religious liberty. The Mason vided that "all men shall enjoy the ante m the exercise of religmn, acordilg dictates of conscience, unpunished and ed by the nmgistrate." Madison saw the mental error contained in these words posed the Mason reloution. According lief there properly could be no ligious rights by tolerance; no man erly be granted permission to worship cording to the dictates of his conscience was every man's right. Very early in hi Madison had listened to several Baptists from the windows of the cell in which confined because of their religious this experience imbued him with a ligious intolerance which continued throughout life. It was Madison who, Virginia assembly met in the autumn took advantage of the reaction which against state intereference with religion duce and bring about the passage of famous religious liberty bill, which had mant since 1779. It was by the authorship of this bill a d Declaration of Independence, and by the of the University of Virginia that self hoped to be remembered three acs being'the only three life which he included in his epitaph. Is Virginia disposed to disregard the of its world-famous statesmen to follow vice of its kleagles ald dragons? EDITORIAL FOR BOOK BORROWERS. The morality of many book-borrowerS lower level than that of horse dealers, suposed to follow David Harum's mot to the other fellow what you think he to do to you, and do it first." It is One has need of a book he once bought, ing it, finds it absent that he begins ber all the hard things that might be book-borrowers and heathens and The Tablet, New Zealand. o THE IMPORTANT THING. The most important thing in life is of it with a clean sheet. Whether we cess or a failure of it from a material view matters very little provided we with God at the end. For the things are the things of eternity, whereas urers the world takes to its heart are at counterfeit. The Canadian Freeman, Teelone ','uaiaa 807 West Phone