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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
August 30, 1974     Arkansas Catholic
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August 30, 1974

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THE GUARD'IAN, 'AUG'I'30, f974 :-.::.::::::i:i: i ii::!:i:i: i:i:: i:!:i: :i: :i:i:i:i i i:i:i: : : 81:i::: :i ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: i:!: :i:i:i:?:i:i 8 E:x: !8i:!: i8:i:i:: i:i::8 81:111 s:i:i:i: i:i:i:: iiiii :: :iiiiiiiii !i iiii:i:iill ii!!ill i i l iiiiiiiliii i  i iiill ii iiiiiiiiii!i !!i!!iii!ill iiiiiiliii!ii !iiii!!i!i!f i:ii ilii i iiiiiii i ::i:iil 8 ii!iii:!:i :i:i!i!ii! 1974 Labor Day Statement of USCC 'ollowin is the 1974 Labor Da ' Statement of Ms r Gear e G s s "" ' ) g" g " , ecretary of research for the U.S. Catholic Conference. XCeilencv Bishop Andrew J McDonald has recommended it rkansas (atholics). made a violation of the anti- trust laws for a single union to represent more than the em- ployees of a single employer. More specifically, he would outlaw industry-wide collective bargaining and would prohibit government intervention of any kind in the economic affairs of the nation. The fact that one of the nation's most widely syn- dicated columnists has en- dorsed this reactionary proposal merely adds to the confusion and frustration which the labor movement must ex- perience as it tries to make sense of the contradictory charges which its critics, at both ends of the spectrum, are levelling against it. It goes without saying, of course, that the labor nmvement would be well ad- vised to take constructive criticism seriously, regardless of where this criticism comes from. Organized labor, in other words, simply cannot afford to wrap itself protectively in the mantle of self-righteousness as though it were completely above legitimate criticism whether from its own members or from outside observers Can't Stop Dead On the other hand, the labor movement cannot be expected to stop dead in its tracks simply to appease either its conservative or radical critics in the in- tellectual community, par- ticularly in view of the fact that so many of these critics are more interested -- or at least give the impression of being more interested -- in promoting their own pet theories than they are in promoting the best in- terests of organized labor. To be sure, American unions, like other organizations of com- parable size and influence ought to be spending as much time as possible "thinking through their own future role and developing new approaches to their own structure and function." In doing so, however, they cannot afford to neglect their im- mediate task of organizing the unorganized, who can still be counted in the millions. During the past year, the labor movement has made significant progress in this area on two related fronts. With an indispensable assist from religious and civic !e American labor aent finds itself on r's national holiday caught '.een two conflicting'fires. It Iraagseverely criticized -- for 'ffmetory reasons which Cancel one another out --. Self-appoirted spokesmen Oth the left and the right. ring the past year, for aple, the movement has l caricatured, at one ex- ., as "one of the most 1 Onary forces in ] ca.', Unions. we are told ; %ther self-styled radical ol rVer, "are no longer in a II [ion of leadership in rs' struggles" The same f says that the per- ,t nce of union leaders in  .COuntry has -been i leable during the past ' [Y. Years, li.d esnecially in ! l'st two decades." In II, laary, the entire labor i ,eent is accused by this r rr of having sold out to :i [ ate management and nl in I "Sided with employers :Yi g to impose labor peace ll a, rebellious meta- l "|ill an ., . other writer has 3 !!t ' fh iehue bet h f ae t!iP al leadership'in recent ri s, With the result that "the ,fPll . are incapable of g through their own role and developing new aches to their own and function." the Other extreme, during Same period of time, "adictory charges have leVellel at the labor !n,-nt by snokesmen for raright One of them 1 example, in a recent 'a labor relations that titan unions, far from 11 ao Weak or too docile and di ,tory, have acqu!red too 1 OWer for the good of the :x 5'. Paradoxically, r u, he concludes that a ,?!0aism, as it presently r "- n the United States, 'e le Workers as a whole h, than they would tse have been." lher conservative critic, lds an important post in deral government, has , Within recent weeks ,,,nions are gouging the has urged that, for of the nation, it be ,,0000ing the family and enjoy the fun. 55 Annual Pre-Labor Day PICNIC and BAZAAR St. Joseph's School Grounds: Paris, Arkansas Saturday NiEht, Aupst 31, 5.,0ill MidniEht Prizes - Refreshments - Games Dance to 12:00 in St. Joseph's Haft Osceola Guide organizatmns throughout the United States, organized labor, by dint of a concerted and carefully coordinated national effort, made it possible for thousands of clothing workers in the Southwest to achieve the right to organize and bargain collectively with the Farah Company. Happily, from all accounts, the Farah Company and the union which represents its workers -- the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America -- have agreed to let bygones be bygones and have managed, within a few short months, to develop a constructive bargaining relationship which promises to be of mutual benefit to all concerned. Farah The Farah settlement -- which was arrived at the hard way but, even at that, came sooner than most observers thought it would -- was only the first step in what ought to be and promises to he a full-scale organizing drive, especially among Black and Spanish-speaking workers. Church-related agencies stared prepared to cooperate with this effort in the interest of achieving economic justice and tile right of self-determination for millions of disadvantaged workers, a very high per- centage of whom are Black and Spanish-speaking Current census figures dramatically reconfirm the fact that these workers, not only in the 'Southwest but throughout the nation, are lagging far behind the rest of the labor force in terms of wages and related benefits and that their unemployment rate is also disproportionately higher than the national average. The organization of these workers into bona fide unions will not automatically solve all of their economic problems, but it would be an indispensable first step in the right direction. For this reason, we urge the entire labor movement to expand its organizing efforts and give special attention to the urgent needs of Black and Spanishspeaking workers. The Farah settlement, which involved city-based workers, was not the only major breakthrough achieved by organized labor during the past year. The national AFL-CIO also initiated a concerted drive to help the United Farm Workers Union win its t0-year struggle for justice and self- determination. Labor's im- mediate purpose in this regard is to help the farm workers regain the hard-won collective bargaining contracts which were taken-- or, as they themselves insist, were stolen - from them during the past year by a rival union, namely, the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. The decision of the national AFL-CIO to endorse and support UFW's boycott and to assist the farm workers in other ways as well may prove to be the decisive factor in resolving the California farm labor dispute peacefully and with justice to all concerned. Church organizations in ever- increasing numbers -- Catholic, Protestant and Jewish -- are also supporting the United i Pope Appoints Abbot' s Successor Vatican City (NC) -- Father Giuseppe Turbessi has been named by Pope Paul as apostolic administrator of the Roman monastery of St. Paul's Outside the Wall in Rome. Father Turbessi, 62, has been a professor of theology and biblical science at Rome's BIG STAR Pontifical BiblicalInstituteand the Atheneum of St. Anselm, a Benedictine institute of higher Gateway studies in Rome. ll Shopping Center He replaces Father Giovanni , OSCEOLA, ARKANSAS Franzoni, who was released from his monastic vows at his 1 ".. .............................. .....  :)wn request after his 00irst National Bank in Osceola }1' Benedictine superiors forbade him to celebrate Mass publicly or administer the sacraments, [, Offices at Joiner and Luxora ::i ondivorcethe ingrundsltaly, that he had supported retaining legal IIIlaER OF FEDERAL DEPOET INSURANCE CORP. *l .o oo..o.....o ae.*o co. oa* ao--o... aae'l II Farm Workers Union in its desperate struggle for survival. This has led to the charge that they are prejudiced against the growers and the Teamsters. Nothing could be further from the truth. The numerous church organizations involved in the farm labor dispute have nothing against the Teamsters as an organization or against the growers as a group. Their sole purpose at this time is to help the farm workers of this nation achieve the right to organize into a union of their own choosing -- a right which has been legally guaranteed to workers in every other major industry for many decades. Once this right has been ef- fectively guaranteed to farm workers, the religous organizations involved in the California dispute will do everything they possib]y can, in a spirit of reconciliation, to promote a constructive working relationship between UFW and the growers on the one hand, and on the other hand. between UFW and [he Teamsters. The history of labor relations in this country makes it abundantly clear, however, that this kind of relationship, which is long m'erdue in the agricultural industry, cannot be established until the workers themselves are granted the right to self- determination and have acquired enough economic power to enable.them to bargain as equals with their employers. ('an't Walk Away It should come as no surprise to anyone, at this late date that church groups are supporting the farm workers in their struggle to achieve this legitimate goal. If the churches were to walk away from this struggle and were to desert the farm workers in their hour of need, they would rightly be ac- cused of having violated their own principles of justice and equity. In the case of the Catholic Church, these prin- ciples, as they relate to the subject of trade unionism and collective bargaining, were restated, as follows, by the Second Vatican Council: Among the basic rights of the human person must be counted the right of freely founding labor unions. These unions should be truly able to represent the workers and to contribute to the proper arrangement of economic life. Another such right is that of taking part freely in the activity of these unions without risk of reprisal. Through this sort of orderly participation, joined with an ongoing formation in economic and social matters, all will grow day by day in the awareness of their own function and responsibility. Thus they will be brought to feel that according to their own proper capacities and aptitudes they are associates in the whole task of economic and social development and in the attainment of the universal common good. When, however, socio- economic disputes arise, efforts must be made to come to a peaceful settlement. Recourse must always be had above all to sincere discussion between the parties. Even in present-day circumstances, however, the strike can still be a necessary, though ultimate, means for the defense of the workers' own rights and the fulfillment of their just demands. As soen as possible, however, ways should be. sought to resume negotiations and the discussion of reconciliation. It is our prayerful hope on Labor Day that by this time next year, at the very latest, the principles outlined in this PAGE 3 MARRIAGE ENCOUNTER September 13-15 St. John's Catholie Center 2500 N. Tyler, Little ltock A Marriage Encounter enriches married life. Thole who have Jived the ezpe recommend it highly. Interested ooplee may register for tim Im'MscNsg counter by tillEng out and mailing the coupoa bow, encllnglll I MR. and MRS. STREET ADDRESS. CIT and PARISI MML TO:. MARRIAGE FCOUV'rER ST. JOHN'S CENTER P. O. BOX 7565, IJTrLE ROCK, AS 707 For Information, Call:, Your Pastor or Joe A. & Alice Roll 562-4000 passage from the Council's widely quoted Constitution on the Church in. the Modern World will have been fully im- plemented in American agriculture. The sooner this occurs, the better it will be not only for the growers and the United Farm Workers Union, but also for the Teamsters, who have everything to lose and nothing to gain by holding to their present anti-UFW strategy. We noted in the opening paragraphs of this annual Labor Day Statement that the American labor movement is caught between two conflicting fires. It is being told, at one extreme, that it is too weak to survive and, at the other ex- treme, that it has acquired such excessive power that it should not be permitted to survive in its present form. Our own view is that both of these judgments are extrmely superficial and, to put it mildly, premature. We would argue, in other words, that the trade union movement should and will survive in the 70s -- not only survive, but prosper -- because the un- derlying economic problems which brought the movement into existeuce in the first place and which continue to be of great concern to workers are still with us and are not likely to be resolved within the foreseeable future. Accordingly this is no time to be talking about the demise of the trade union movement. With all its limitations, it still has an in- dispensable role to play in achieving social justice and, above all, in protecting the basic rights of the unorganized pool" and of Black and Spanish- speaking workers in particular. 1 sPringdale Guide I Charles McKinney's ! Lamb's Business Service I I Bookkeeping & Income Tax I / Drug I Eletronic Stencils i Phone 751-4536 [ Duplication I 130 W. Emma [ Roberta Lamb-Ph. 361-2991 I Springdale, Arkansas |Rte. 1, Hwy. 68W, Spriogdale l we're making things happen FIRST NATIONAL BANK SPRINGDALE, ARKANSAS we happen to care ,i Phone 751-4577 Springdale, Arkansas Neff Nurseries, Inc. PHONE 751-0590 201 S. Thompson COMPLETE FLORA L SER VICE P.O. Box 205 Springdale, Ark. 72764 BILL STAMPER Your MFA INSURANCE AGENT For All YOur Insurance Needs SAN JOSE MANOR 212 E. Emma- SPRINGDALE - 751-6481 II I AMER[CAN SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATION SPRINGDALE, ARKANSAS n I i & 00nc. , gig Wig