Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
August 30, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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August 30, 1930

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two THE GUARDIAN, AUGUST 30, 1930 Published Weekly tHE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock aO7~ WEST SECOND STREET 41ntered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the postoffice Little Roe.k, Ark., under the Actor Congress of March 8. 18'/9. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $2.00 THE YEAR ~ In this day of widespread inquiry concern- - ing Catholic teaching generally, it is well for ~han a change of address is desired the subscriber should give ,.rJa the aid and the ne~d~SI~ONDENCE Catholics to know not only the formal legisla- Jatter intended for publication in The Guardian should reach us ! ~'in~ n~" ~h,Q ("~.'h,lr,r.h '~xr~fh 1-~rr~rr] ~ ~.fl~,'~f~,~.'n 1~,1.f ~t later than Wednesday morning. Brief news correspondence is !l ..... "~ ~"'~ "~"'~" "~" ~ ~'~" ~ ~,t~etv,~.,, *JL.~ ~ys welcome. The kindness of the clergy in this matter is cero i~]~n ~ho N~I~| n~NnN|I~/~P~'~ ,~ /'~]lX. ~I~NY~ ..... l concerning the duty of Catholics in this most ~. ~V. MSGR. J. P. FISHER .......... Business Manager'. ................ ........ -~-----~--~---~ilmporEan~ ac~lVll;y oI ua~nollC llIe. All communications should be addressed to, The Guardian, |07~ ..... Second Street, Little Rock, Ark. .. I The essenhal features of the laws deahng "-" OFFICIAL ORGAN ...... with education promulgated by the Third Plen- ~he Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, I pray God that it nay be an earnest champion of the cause of', ary~ Council of Baltimore in 1884 and of those ~4tht, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion which . ~. ~ . .. Ill love eo well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincera nolml se~ Ior~n in ~ne new Code of Canon Law, as well kmt Its career may be long and prosperous, i as of the some most important pronouncements ~NO. B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. AUGUST 30, 1930 THE CENTRAL VEREIN. To have achieved seventy-five years of active energetic existence in the midst of the whirl- ing changes of American life entitles any or- ganization to public recognition. But when uch an organization has spent these years in arefully guarding not only a mere human cul- ture but protecting and fostering Faith amid a thousand difficulties, not the least of which were economic and social problems of those who composed it, and to have remained at the end af that time radically changed in some things but firmly as ever grounded in its original es- sential principles, is indeed a feat that demands cur respect. The story of the Central Verein is just an- other version of the history of Catholicity in his country. It was founded to assist and en- ourage as well as to arm the German Catholic (mmigration which has meant so much to the United States. Its aim was to help the immi- grants through the early lonely years, to main- tain certain contacts to inspire and encourage them, but above all to keep before them the aever failing light of the Faith that was theirs by the grace of God and the fortitude of their forefathers. It was no small task. How well it was done, is too evident for comment. The Central Verein has never sought blatant publicity. It has always concerned itself with more serious things. It has devoted its energies o insistence on essential Catholic principles and sought at the same time to convince the world that adherence to those principles meant more han mere formality. Culturally it has made its contribution to merican life, by infusing those refinements of thought that are the heritage of its member- hip. Some may wonder what there is left for an organization such as the Central Verein in American Catholic life. Without belaboring question, it might well be said that its role is just beginning. It is entering new fields to- day. The old hard economic problems are pass- mg with the development of the country, but more important social and religious prob- {ems grow in difficulty day by day. The vast field of our complex life is before it. Catholic ife and Catholic principles must be preserved apt against the old attacks but against newer and more subtle assaults that are aimed at its very soul. As a Catholic organization the Central Verein will range {tself along with all ather forces that are devoted to the essential principles of Faith. It will take up the chal- {enge and carry on. For seventy-five years it has served faithfully loyally. May the devotion that has char- acterized its life so far be the inspiration of years to come and if it should be, then in- teed will those who see it today and realize hat it has done be ver /grateful. If the quar- rier of a century that lies ahead be as fruitful good works as the three quarters that have passed it will indeed be worthy of its founders and those who have carried it to the achive- meats of this day. F. contained in the 1919 Pastoral Letter of the Archbishops and Bishops of the Untied States, appear herewith. sion that the Church is a kind of preternatural charitable organization that from sources more or less mysterious is willing and anxious to op- ertte hospitals, orphanages and other charit- able institutions, but strangely it is never re- garded seriously by these people as a religious system worthy of their careful consideration. This is the problem presented and the answer is to be found in the fact that Catholics as a whole in the United States are totally indiffer- ent to their own responsibility as missionaries. For reasons that cannot be explained we have developed a shyness in speaking of our Faith that amounts almost to a sense of inferiority. We allow those about us to go on guessing and wondering about the Mass, what it means, and what it is, when it is only necessary to put our own prayerbook in the hands of our friend to read the whole story and to glimpse the beauty of the solemn ritual that it is. This is but a random example. But it does bring out the fact. This hesitancy is not confined to liturgical matters. It extends throughout the whole field of all human thought having a moral or philo- sophical interest. In short we seem inclined to be secretive about the most elementary principles of our Faith. We are hesitant in expressing ourselves and when we do make a statement, we do so with so many reservations and so much uncertainty that we repulse rather than encourage investigation by an interested outsider. Someone has stated that Catholics are so sure and so certain of their position that they are in- dolent intellectually and are unwilling to exert energy sufficient to equip themselves with the proper information about the teachings of the "O" , A CHALLENGE. A writer recently stated that the Church has 4 ailed to make a real impression on the country at large, ,that as a whole, in spite of our num- bers, in spite of the efforts made Catholicity has not succeeded in impressing a sufficient number of thinking people. It is further stated hat a great deal of the responsibility for this ailure is credited to a complete lack of enthu- siasm on our part in putting before the general 0ublic the real aims and meaning of the Church's 0rejects. For years, the Church has carried on her in- dtitutions, their success has been the miracle of the day. In spite of all kinds of obstacles they have succeeded under the care of men and semen who were sheltered away from the world and its noise. So general has this been that there are many good people outside of :{he Church who seem to be under the impres- tions of Catholics who, at the same time, con- tribute as required by law to the maintenance of the public schools. It engages in the service of education a body of teachers who consecrate their lives to this high calling; and it prepares, without expense to the state, a considerable number of Americans to live worthily as citizens of the Republic. "Our system is based on certain convictions hat grow stronger as we observe the testing of all education, not simply by calm theoretic dis- cussion, but by the crucial experience of recent events. It should not have required the pitiless searching of war to determine the value of any This information is necessary to every Cath- was to make the normal human olic for a proper understanding of the Church's mal. Evidences of knowledge without position on education and will be found useful and muckraking curiosity appeared, in explaining it to those outside the Church p;oaches to the problems under disc seeking information, shadow the more constructive and r, "The Church in our country is obliged, for}o d'nary layman perusing the accoU the sake of principle, to maintain a system of various sessions could not fail to be education distinct and separate from other sys-lby the fresher atmosphere of hope an terns. It is supported by the voluntary contribu- contained in a number of the papers, theory or system, but since that rude test has been so drastically applied-and with such un- mistakable results, we judge it opportune to re- state the principles which serve as the basis of Catholic education. Right to Education. "First: The right of the child to receive education and the correlative duty of providing it are established on the fact that man has a soul created by God and endowed with capaci- ties which need to be developed, for the good of society. In its highest meaning, therefore, edu- cation is a co-operation by human agencies with the Creator for the attainment of His purpose m regard to the individual who is to be educat- ed, and in regard to the social order of which he is a member. Neither self realization alone nor social service alone is the end of education, but rather these two in accordance with God's, design, which gives to each of them its proper- tionate value. Hence it follows that education is essentially and inevitably a moral activity, in the sense that it undertakes to satisfy certain claims through the fulfillment of certain obliga- tions. This is true independently of the man- ner and means which constitute the actual pro- cess; and it remains true, whether recognized or disregarded in educational practice, whether this practice include the teaching of morality, or exclude it, or try to maintain a neutral posi- tion. riches the mind with knowledge, but fails to de- tiful gift and to be cherished arid admired, nev- velop will and dnect it to tl:e prachce of ertheless, it is not the mind of the Church that . " " - " lwrtue, produce scholars, but cannot pro her children should remain always infants in ld . " . - uce good men The exclusmn of moral tram such matters. She is anxious for them to study because it gives the impression that morality is of little importance, and thus sends the pupil into life with a false idea which is not easily corrected. "Third: Since the duties we owe our Creator take precedence of all other duties, moral train- ing must accord the first place to religion, that is, to the knowledge of God and His law, and must cultivate a spirit of obedience to His com- mands. The performance, sincere and com- plete, of religious duties, ensures the fulfillment of other obligations. deeply and carefully all that refers to Her. She wishes us to have Faith but she wishes that Faith to be supported by every possible bit of information we can gather concerning it. Fur- thermore She expects and urges us to equip ourselves to defend the position taken byher on all matters relating to Faith and morals. This attitude is peculiarly American. Whence it came to us it is impossible t say, but it is doubtless a heritage from the days of doubt and persecution. But even this argument is not convincing, if we look beyond our own horizon. In England, Catholics number slightly over two millions. They are widely scattered about. They ar,e hampered with a state religion that is S " " '' " " " " " upported by all the power of the Bnhsh Era- I Fourth : Moral and rehglous trammg most pire, yet every English Catholic seems to feel,efficacious when it is joined with instruction in ttiat he has a personal obligation to make thelother kinds of knowledge. It should so per- Church known, to explain its position and its imeate these that its influence will be felt in meaning any time he meets a sympa.thetic lis-ievery circumstance of life, and be strengthened "Fifth: An education that unites intellec- tual, moral and religious elements is the best training for citizenship. It inculcates a sense of responsibility, a respect for authority and a considerateness for the righi:s of others which are the necessary foundations of civic virtue !more necessary where, as a democracy, the cit- izen, enjoying a larger freedom, has a greater that, as religion and morality are essential to obligation to govern himself. We are convinced right living and to the public welfare, both should be included in the work of education... an active practical interest in the Church par- ticularly in making her known. An example of this is the Catholic Evidence Guild, whose members prepare themselves to talk about the Church in public. These are drawn from every class, stenographers working men, business men. They take turns in addressing the public in Hyde Park on Sunday afternoons and at oth- er places. They meet heckling, they meet re- buffs, but they keep on. They are not special- ists in this, simply Working people who give of their limited recreation to help make the Church known. With what results, it is hard to say yet, for the movement must go on many years be- fore real results will show. What we need is Catholic men and women who will talk religion, who will introduce it into conversation and make it a topic of conver- sation. Interest people in the subject. There is too little said and thought about it today with the result that indifference is growing. Indif- ference makes the discussion of Religion bad form. This is the issue. - Congress of Mental Hygiene held 'in Washington. While the purpose of the meeting sibly the discussion of ways and the abnormal human being normal, of a large part of the aiscussions and those presented by eminent Catholic gists, psychiatrists and educators. This broader and saner outlook is, fundamentally religious. There is that the denial of free will tends to mane and scientific treatment of the! and the delinquent, or the while its evident danger in self-respect of the individual and in way for such inhuman practices euthanasia, sterilization, birth host of other anti-social and should be apparent enough. The corrective to problems arising abuse of will ought to be sought, it not in the denial of will, but in methods which will educe and cultivate: use of the will. On the other hand, worth remembering in discussions of of abnormality that the average that given its rightful heritage of cultural influences, and a healthful : condition of society, it may be to make the social ad justments which sary for normal and responsive adult Evangelist. 0 A NATURAL EV i i!/ A trend toward a general breakdo is discovered in the Orthodox ChurCh ! similar to that existing in modern in other countries. A booklet has lished by the Metropolitan, or Greel Archbishop, of Kosani which frankly rationalistic ideas. Teachers, says politan, should not waste time of the Gospels which are merely many other stories from ancient account of modern science, says the which proves that Christianity is a ural evolution from paganism. A sor in the National University of cently set forth in a series of thoughts regarding the Divinity of section of the secular press has u ernistic thought of these men, gradU universities of Leipsic and Berlin, Holy Synod of Athens and ecc generally have recognized the quences possible. History has shown that preservati Christian faith outside the Catholic a very uncertain thing. Protestantisr become rationalistic to the point Bible is generally regarded as a mere book, on a par with ShakesIieare class literature. Protestanism bega ing the Bible the only rule of faith! living authority in religion. ers have minimized the auth, itself until now most of them altogether. The Greek Orthodox Ch began with the schism of Photius centuries ago, is coming to the istic basis. Soon there will be naturalism outside the Catholic a natural evolution. 0 BACK TO JOURNA Thomas F. Woodlock, of New York, resigned a few the Interstate Commerce Commissio i appointed to the commission by idge in 1925. Although Mr. 64 years old on September 1, he himself up to idleness, since it is that he will become a the Wall Street Journal, specializing subjects, next month. He thus profession he followed for thirteen coming to the United States. He her of the staff of the Wall Street Jour 1892 to 1905. Mr. Woodlock was b' land and educated in England, at College, and London University. Father Francis Woodlock, S. J., is a (Continued next week.) I writer and preacher in London. . o I transpor ation matters, Mr. We( FALLACIES OF MENTAL HYGIENE. I merly a director of the St. Louis & San I railroad, the Pere Marquette road 1 G. K. Chesterton's indictment of many of the lber of the New York Stock Excl " advocates of so-called modern mental science, ! the author of "Anatomy of a Rail that they are in reality frustrating their ownI''Ton Mile Cost" and contributes i purposes by a fatuous preachment of material- various magazines. He has been :' ism and degrading acceptance of the doctrine I lay retreat movement in New { of doom, was in large measure borne out by a1trustee of the College of the number of the papers read at the InternationallManhattanville.--Catholic