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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
August 30, 1919     Arkansas Catholic
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August 30, 1919

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, SATUR DAY, AUGUST 30, 1919. i j] a &apos; Published Weekly by THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock. 309 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class,matter March 21. zgtl. at the postoflice at Little Rock. Ask.. under the Act o{ Congress of March 3, x879. Subscription Price, $2.00 the year | Change of Addre When a change of addres is dired the subscriber ahould give both the old and the new addreaL Correspondence Matter intended for publication in The Guardian should reach us trot later than Wednesday morning. Brief news correspondence is always welcome. The k/nehcss of the clergy in this matter is cordially Itppreciated. L Very Rev. A. Stocker. O. S. B., D. D .................. Editor-in-Chief IRev, Edward A. Flannery ........................ Contributing Editor Rev. Geo, H, McDermott ........................... Managing Editor All communications about "The Guardian" should be addressed to the Rex,. Geo. tL McDermott, 309 West Second Street. u OFFICIAL APPROVAL The Guardian is the official organ of the diocese of Little Rock, and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion in the cause of right, justice and tth and an ardent defender of the religion which we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its oareer may be long and prosperous. JOHN'B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. '"  16 Little Rock, Ark., August 30, 1919. This is what Arthur ]lenderson prophesied at the international congress of Socialists in Lucerne, Switzerlan<l : "Before winter comes there will be a terrible outbreak of fury and despair among the peoples of Europe. The last remnants of civilization may then go to pieces.'" If this happens the peace conference at Versailles will not be absolved fronl guilt. The St. Louis Amerika calls attention to the fact that the prevalence of luxuries is one of tim causes of the high cost of" living. Not only do they diminish production by withdraw- ing so many hands from farm work, but, by absorbing large quantities of material---coal steel, sugar, etc.--they leave smaller stores of these things for the necessities of life. The small supply in turn drives up the price. Our congratulations to Congress for hav- ing repealed the day-light saving law! It; was an unnatural condition which we were content to put up with during the war, though it is prob- lematic whether the good it effected was not surpassed by the evil. Especially will the whole farming population rejoice that this summer is the last in which they have to submit to arti- ficial time. Their milk-cows never became ac- customed to it. According to a letter from R. L. O'Donnell, general manager of the Pennsylvania Railroad, read to the House of Representatives, by Iepresentative Blanton of Texas, "freight engineers are now receiving $392.35 a month, passenger train engineers $375.85. .Freight conductors receive $313.90, and passenger conductors $308.55." The Gov- ernor of Texas, Mr. Blanton says, re- ceives $333.33. Most priests do not get one- fourth as ,much as a freight engineer. If the ,payment of railroad employees is on that scale throughout, and still they cannot make a decent living, then indeed it is high time that Congress bestow all its care on reducing the high cost of living. For if the railroaders cannot live com- fortably, it is hard to see hbw others can live at all. ': CATHOLIC TEACHERS This is the general intention of the Apos- tleship of Prayer for the coming month. Cath- olic teachers are as necessary as Catholic schools, and the latter are no less important than the Catholic faith. Without Catholic teach- era no Catholic schools, without Catholic schools no Catholic education, with no Catholic educa- tion no Catholic faith. This is the logical con- nection between Catholic teachers and Catholi- cism. Now the Catholic teachers of our primary schools are mostly Brothers and Sisters. They need continual recruiting both to replace those that are claimed by deathoften Mast prema- turely because of over-exertion--and to keep pace with our numerical strength. Prayer alone, though a weighty factor, will not do; parents must supply an environment in their homes that is conducive to the fostering of vocations, and boys and girls must have some spirit of sacri- fice. If everybody always depended upon ev- erybody else to do things nothing would ever be done. Let our young folks realize the mag- nificence of a life of devotion and of serviee in the vital cause of Catholic education. Nor can Catholic teachers exist without the auxiliary force of lay-brothers an<l lay-sis- ters who offer their lives in the humbler lmi not less essential sphere of manual lab()]'. Theirs, to be sure, is alit'e of total self-almegation. But God, no doubt, is issuing ;His calls to generous souls in proportion to the nee(ls of His church. Let us pray that these calls may find hearing hearts [ But the number of teachers is not every- thing. If we are to pray for Catholic teaclmrs lhe4ntention is that those that are be naodels of their kind. For, after all, education is not a mechanical process but a natural growth under the influence of an overshadowing personality. Education happens through irradiation, where the teachers are film Catholic characters, there, and there only, can we expect the bloom and fruit of truly Catholic education. And there is no doubt that the excellent quality of existing Catholic teachers will be a potent factor in nla- turing the seeds of vocation in the hearts of children. (live us a very good quality of exist- ing Catholic teachers and we discern therein a rophecy of adequate recruiting of their ranks. S. THE REASONABLE LIMITS OF STATE ACTIVITY Under the above heading The Catholic Ed- lcational Association BuUetin has published an article by Cardinal O'Connell. "Two mighty forces," says the Cardinal, "have ever been at work in human societythe greed for power and the love of liberty; one manifesting itself in tyranny and usurption, the other, uncheck- ed, heading to chaos and anarchy. Over against the constant and universal tendency of the sovereign power in the State to enlarge its do- minion and to invade the rights of its subjec, ts, stands another tendency just as universal, the tendency of the people to defend their liberties and to restrain the encroachments of their op- pressors. Thus has an age-long strife ensued-- 1he strife between democracy and despotism, between the freedom of the indivirual and the supremacy of the State. In this struggle the measure of hmnan liberty has always been de- termined by the degree of sacredness attached to human existence. Wherever religion has been held in honor and the laws of God permit- ted to prevail, there the rights of men have been respected and the functions of the State re- stricted within their proper bounds. Always. is ?he recognition of God the strongest and surest safeguard of popular liberties." God being above all governments, His claims are superior to those of the State. Nor may the state wrest from men those inalienable rights which have been bestowed upon them by the Creator. "So long as there is a God of na- tions, no government is absolute or supreme. So long as man is spiritual in his nature and un- dying in his destiny, he must be more than a mere puppet of tim State." This is the Christian view of the relation- ship between citizens and the State. In pagan times, when God the Creator was not known, "men were slaves or at best cogs in a gigantic State machine." h] proportion as Christianity is set aside and pagan notions again invade the world the liberty of individual citizens is being lost to State omnipotence. "Even here in Ameri- ca," says the Cardinal. "Old World fashions, omong them irreligion, have gradually taken root, and to this can be traced the origin and growth of the tyrannical elements in the law- making bodies of the land." How different was the spirit of the re- ligious-minded, God-fearing men who founded this commonwealth [ "As fundamental princi- ples of the national legislative program," con- tinues the Cardinal, "these Fathers of our coun- try declared that the State exists for the indi- vidual; that the government is the servant of the people, based on their consent and answer- able to them for its conduct; that its authority. ever the individual must be measured only by the demands of the public welfare, leaving to ev- ery citizen the widest possib!e sphere for the free exercise of his personal initiative. Thus to every American has come the blessed inheri- tance of civil, political and religious liberty, safeguarded by the American Constitution-- giving" to every man 'the right to his child- ren and him home; the right to go and come; the mght to worship God according to the dic- tates of his conscience; the right to be exempt fron interference by others in the enjoyment ol' these rights; the right to be exempt from the lyranny of one man or of a few; the right so to live that no lnan or set of men shall work his o l their will uI)on him against his c(insent.' " The writer then warns againm; the grave( political and social danger of the present ten- (Is]icy to deviate [!rom the spirit of the Ameri. can Constitution by enlarging the area of gov- ermnent activity at the expense of polmlar lib- erty. He recalls the fact tlmt the individual and the faintly are earlier than the State, and that the State was created to safeguard and suppleJmt, not to absorl) or to destroy, their Go(l-given rights. The Fathers of this country were aninmted with this spirit when, in the pre- amble of the Cons.titution, they said: "We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, provide for tim eonmmn defense, pronmte the general welfare and secure the blessings ot; liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and es- tal)lish this Constituti(m of tile United States o1: America. ' ' "The State," <;ontinues the Cardinal. "has a right to act only when such action is denmnd- e<t by the comnmnity and only after private ini- tiative has proved inadequate to cope with the situation." And he quotes Edmund Burke to the el!feet "that it should be the constant aim of every wise public council to find out by cau- tious experiment and rational, cool endeavor, with how little, not how much, restraint the com- nmnity can sul)sist. For liberty, said he, is a good to be improved, not an evil to be lessened." The Cardinal finishes his timely paper with an application of these principles to the subject matter of education. He finds in them a strong protesting force against State nlonopoly of ed- ucation--a policy that would both encroach on t)arental rights and, by tightening the hold of the govermnent on the minds of the people, do violence to the spirit and genius of our demo- cratic institutions. S. t 'I Y " MAR I' R VICTIM OF RECONSTRUCTION A short cal)legran] came out of the Philip- pines last week announcing the deatt of Right Reverend Bishop Mauriee P. Foley, D. D. To the casual gleaner of press reports it was but a "bit of news," yet it was an event well worth a story. And to those conversant with tile recon- struction work in our distant Pacit'ic dependen- cies it made indeed a story, of valorous faith, untiring effort, perfect resignati<m, despite all difficulties, to accomplish the en<l ot'a mission delegated to one of our y<)ung American bis]l- ops. But nine years ago, on l)ec. 1.5. 1910, Bish- op Morris of Little Rock was a co-consecrator of his friend and classmate, wl]en he was elevat- ed to the episcopal dignity at St. Augustine, Florida. Rome, with American advice, had se- lected from out the American priesthood the able priest, Father Maurice P. Foley, then Chancellor of tim St. Augustine Diocese, to take up the work of religious reconstruction of the Philippines, appointing him as Bishop over the newly established Diocese of Tuguegarao. This diocese is of extensive area, of scattered popu- lation, scarce of priests and cJmrches. It con].. prises the Provinces of Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizeaya and two groups of Islands called ]',atanes and Babuyanes. Here in this wide do- main, utterly foreign and strange, Bishop Foley began his episcopal jurisdiction over about 250,000 souls, in name Catholic, in practice in- different, untrained and unlearned, once heirs el' a long, tottering Spanish politico-religious regime, now wards of the great American gov- ernment and people, who took upon themselves the elevation of these Philippine people to a status of citizenship which at present betokens a near and full independence. This great reconstruction work called for leaders and workers from out the American government adininistrative offices, from out the American educational institutions and par- ticularly from out the zealous missionary body of the Roman Catholic Church in America. Archbisllop, bishop, priest, brother and sist;er, laymen and women teachers, all answered the call of God and country to the task of regener- ating a new people. None went "out there" better fitted in health and spirit, none more zealous in his apostolate, none so uncomplain- ing of trials and worries than Bishop Maurice P. Foley. He labored and loved to labor in this "silent darkness" as it were, of the Philip- pine church, but he labored for God's honor and glory, for His church; he labored to give to this trial nation a new birthright of freedom, religi- ous and civic, a new life of enduring happiness. In this self-sacrificing and noble work Bishop Foley died, a martyr truly in Catholic recon- struction. May the good Lord reward him and ]nay his name be ever revered upon the tablets of church and state, for both of whiSh he loved and worked anff died. I QUESTION BOX With a view of furnishing informatioo on points oi doetriae disciphne not touched upon in out" leading articles we ere d this column to it. Thoae who are seeking information shoed Imid ;-- qtteations early in the weL Are we obliged to read the Bible? There is no positive law of God or the Church that instructs us to read the Bible. Our Lord told the Jews to "searcli the scriptures" if they wished to know that He was really the promised Messiah. They would find in the Old Testament proof that would substantiate ] claim. If a suicide is not in his right mind, may ha be buried from the Church? If there is good reaso]] to believe tlmt a person was not in his right mind wheh he com- nfitted suicide he would not be denied Christian burial. Such a person wouhl not be morally responsil)le and hence not guilty of any sin or public scandal that would deprive him of the - " S " privilege of Chm,.t]aa burial. Woul<l it be proper to have a large crucifi la'n,qing on the wall of a parlor? Is it not an ar- Licle of devotion rather than ornamentY Could it not be an article of devotion if it were hanging in the parlor as well as any other room? There is no reason why a crucifix, re- minding us of our salvation and the loving kind- hess of God, should not lmve a place of honor in each room of the house in order to be a constant reminder to us of our frailty and the debt of gratitude that we owe to Ahnighty God. In returning from Holy Communion, siwe wc have our Blessed Lord with us, shou|d we genuflect? It is not necessary to do so since a genu- fleetion is intended to adore our Lord contained in the Blessed Scarament of the Altar and the conmmnicant has received the same Divine Lrd in Holy Communion. Moreover, if there be ninny receiving, a genuflection would cause SOlne confusion. The best plan to follow in all such practices is "When you are in Rome do as the Romans do." In other words, follow the custom of your church and you will be pleasing our Lord. l have a boy friend who is not a Catholi4 ,who goes steady with a Catholic girl. He has been married and divorced. Now he wants t, ],"now if it will inler I ere with he+" religion if the ever marry? ]t is difficult to answer questions concern- ing marriage. They should be submitted with all the facts of the particular case to a priest. If tile marriage of your non-Catholic boy friend was a valid marriage he cannot enter into mar- riage with another. The answer would center around tlm validity of the first inarriage. The girl is running a great risk and should not keep company with him unless she is sure that he is free to marry. God knows that man wiU sin and thereby lose his soul? Why does He create him? God creates no man for eternal damnatioB. He creates every one to be happy with Him im ]leaven, but He creates Him' with intellect and free will, and in order not to liamper these gifts of his nature, nmn nmst be permitted to make his own choice. God knows our future history but we fashion that future by our daily live, and if we fail to attain our eternal destiny it .is our own fault, not the fault of God. The great- est blessing that God can confer upon His crea- tures is being; hence God creates man because He loves him. He creates man to His own image and likeness because His love is an everlasting hive. If man fails t9 reciprocate this everlast- ing love then it is his fault and not God's that he is lost. God's foreknowledge does not in- fluence a man's conduct, it is rather based o his conduct. Can you give me one or twa reasons w lighted candles are used near the dead body of a Catholiclt Lighted candles in any function are i,.tend- ed to remind us that Christ is the light of the world and hope of our salvation. They remind the serious-minded orilooker or relative tha the soul of the person whose memory is honored by their presence is not dead, but liveth. Fur- thermore they remind us that the body to which we pay our last respects is the temple of the Holy Ghost, that it has received the grace of God in Baptism, and that it will rise again through the merits of Christ, the Redeemer. Hence, when we see a lighted candle near the body of one who has passed from this life it should remind fis to perform the simplest and most effacious act of charity for the soul of the departed one, that is, to kneel in earnest prayer, asking God's infinite mercy for the departed soul. V"