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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
August 28, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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August 28, 1920

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d o" "i*i papers and t large . one may i reading which and atrcngthcns virtues. PP XV, ! II I IiI A Catholic Paper is a | Perpetual Misshm i Pope Leo XIII "The Guardian" ill every Ilome---our Motto. lII I / The Official Organ of tile Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, August 28, 1920 Number 11 ased our present in LLEY, tan Life 1002-7 WERNKE APPOINTED PASTOR ASSIGNS HIS FAITHFUL SECRE- POPULARCATHEDRAL ASSISTANT OF OUR LADY OF GOOD COUNSEL the Rt. Rev. Rev Herman of the church of Counsel on Capital 'Rev. P. ]I Boyle, the diocese of E1 begins his first (immediately and will appearance at llext Sundayl August surprising will bc not only to the in and around to the hundreds of ever the diocese of with him in relations that their nlutual him is to like him" sentence, but if ever i of very tl-ath, here Wernke is not beloved by fallen under his and moods. Father Wcrnke. on Capital Itill Will be considered on the part of the They have known y since his nment to the !traShy duties as the and as assistant to T0bin, rector Cathedral, llavc ways before the Rock They know idefatigable worker feel assured will follow the great suc- cess they hohl in promise for him as pastor of the Capital Hill parish Has Confidence of His BisholL His appointment proves tlle appre- ciation and the confidence the Rt. Roy. Bishop has in him after a six year's intimate observance of duties faith- fully perforlncd. This is indeed the highcst certification of Father Wcrnke's character and ability, the al)preciation and good will of his Bishop. Rt. Rev. Monsignor 'obin of the Cathedral, under whonl Father Wcrnke has worked out his parocMal duties during these years Of curacy and in full cooperation with him in his arduous endeavors toward perfect I)arish organization, in hearty accord with Bishop Morris' appreciation, is also of his confidence that as pastor of tlie neighboring parish Father Wernke will be but exercising his priestly functions from another center yet ever in cooperation witlt all those striving for diocesan betterment, which in the end means all for God's honor and glory. (halflain of SI. Vincei|i's As chaplain of St. Vincent's In- firmary, his six years of faithful at- tendance and miuistrations make his depal%ure one of sincere regret on the part of his good friends the Nazareth Sisters of Charity, the nurses and the patients. Their great consolation is that the Infirmary is within a cit: Lqock of his future home, in easy reach for his ever-sincere hclpfulness, Preposition tlmt was/when occasion requires. !re him, they realize/ Zealous If. of C. tded on Capital Hill,/ There will be joy among his K. of F have the assurance ]C. friendq over the promotion. As of the Goodlpast chapiain and the ever active on a worMng Wernke is the work they are :to in their parish life. be great, inasmuch to be paid off on school and the of .a new chtrch i . Assured. we may look of his priestly first endeavors in the Good Counsel ! administration of its in success- zealous piety, with his pulpit Persuasiveness, de-i the sanctuary and exposition of the Knight, Father Wernke holds the high esteem of this Catholic fraternity. Sketch of New Pastor. Rev. H. tl. Wernke was born in 1888 at Cincinnati, O. Itis early edu- cation was in the St. Gregory Prepara- "tory Seminary, until the close of that school, when he entered for classical studies, St. Xaxiers College. At Mr. St. Mary's Seminary, Ellenora, O., he studied philosophy and from there come to Little Rock as a diocesan student and took the theological course at St. John's Seminary, under the Very Rev. Doctor Aretz, Superior. During his seminary course, he was assigned as prefect of discepline over the students of Little Rock College. ordained by Bishop Morris. He was ordained in St. Andrew's Cathedral by Rt. Rev. Bishop Morris, Ordained Dec. 19, 1914 :':t !:;-stor Aug. 24, 1920 Id..V. HI-I MAN H. Vvll NKE Pastor of Church of Our Lady Of C od Counsel NORMAL INSTITUTE CLOSES BISHOP MORRIS ADDRESSES SIS- TERS OF DIOCESE UPON COM- PLETING SIX WEEKS PROFIT- ABLE STUDY. Tim Calllolic Nornlal Institute which was l)eing eonducted at IAtlle Rock College for tbc last six weeks, was closed Friday, August 20th. The clos- lllg exercise consisted of a solemn Benediction in the College Cllapel and an address to the Sisters by tile Rt: AUSTRALIANS GRATEFUL TO AMERICA DR PETER GUILDAY OF CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY VISITS AND RE- PORTS ON STARVATION CONDI- TIONS IN SUFFERING AUSTRIA. (N. C. W. C. News.) Vienna, Aug. '2.-After seeing lhe ' 1)'lttleliclds of l"l'all(!e, one would inw.gine lie ha(1 seen Eurol)e at its worsl, l]y no l)leans! Here, and ]lore of all 1)laces in the world, can the l'(;ii ]lorrors of lbe war l)e seen. ) Blsho ) of Nln( tv st Veil IR I (( tit ( ftlle oun Rev. Jolnl I1. Morris, D.I., 't' l 'l "'  .-,i'  ' . : y g Little Rock. Tim Bishol) dwelt upon girls of fourteen cannot live I)ecause tile deep and grave duty devolving of the malnutrilion of the past live ( )e S e y( llS l lib( I(UIosIS IS lanll)ant anions ill)On Caibolic tellchers and lit )'. ep -[ "i v. " :'r ,., ". .... r is thtt i t(h Ill ill between fmt(cn md t(nty cially upon the Siste'.'   : ,,i  ' '   ,3 . the Catllolice scllools. In this age of i Vienna, outwardly, is not indeed doubt tile Catllolic (?hurch and esl)e'!llluch' different from when I last saw tinily all Catholic institutions of e(lu-iii in 1908. Bul, away from tile center cation offer l)rinciples that are c.ertainlof the ci y the sights are beyond be- I and constructive. He said that it was llief. the duty of every Catholic teacher to[ All)err Halstead, chief of the Amer- impart these to tile conliug gcneratmn, i ican High Comnlission to Austria, He also stated tllat lm knew that the ] told me I was the first American priest Sisters of this State were capable elite come to the city and tliat he would fullilling this duty and of fuliilling tt give ale every opportunity nf witness- well. He rejoiced ill the fact that ling Ills distress of the peolfle. Lieu- t a cordial spirit of co-Operation ant- tenant Stockton, U. S. A.. arranged nlated the educational authorities of for the trip. the State and that altllough their re- I Praised God for American Aid. quirements and standards, were higher I Tim povert:, the horrible poverty, thin heletofole yet he was happy to ' ' Its appalling. In one of the hosl)itals say that he w ts able to meet tlle l , I. ' t a whole ward of l)edridden women, situation by the foundation of the ...... -. ' - - i starvell io tile oones, raised tneir gaunl; Catholic Nolmal Inshtute Ite ellcom t " ' ' '" ,arms to tleaven wllen tile sister told aged tlm Slstels m then ()lk an(l l  ": ...... ,theul I was an American, and praised told thenl to return to their schools , . l uod that Anlerica had proved itself with that courage aim uetermination ..... I tne hum o cnarity. Women crowded which spells success. He stated that l around lue in the centers wbere food lie had "the greatest of confidence ill is distributed and raised their hands their ability to perform their duties tO:with a "Praised be Jesus Christ" for the Church and to the conling gener- Amerlca. ation of children in their charge. Two questions were uppermost in. First Normal Institute. my mind. I wanted to know how far Tile Normal Institute has been under the distress was a reality, and whether his kindly man- with his special toward the little among the many the Bishop priests heir confidence in ald from which they DEMANDS. * i---__. , Publication and * QUardian Necessi- of  New Machine. if The Guardian mail, the three day iuter- of a new machine, grat an- ours to oh- service our local concern for reasons has too fre- own expense we a first class very latest and entirely Plant and spell for you M-O-R-E We are agan is needed, truth, our sole of will assure efficiency. *44*44* on December 19, 1914. He celebrated way for the last six weeks and was or not we were doing wrong to carry the fi|st of its kind m Akansas fm ....... ss in his home pazish, " " " " "ton onr charity on such a colossal scale nls III'S B'la . oveme t' ' , ninny yoms The forward m n St Au-ustine s Cincinnati, and with- ' " I I wanted to know whether or not the " , g , ' __a ,_ T'.I ,,ok in education was endorsed by the[Austrians could do anything for them- in a iew says l'elurnett bo tw, *- , ...... I " ' --a--e e-isco".al assF, nment located Cathohcs of ArKansas last bprmg ana lselve s found him the director of the annual ..... . I Ot SCIIOOI sanaardization over the fearing Christians of the United " ' ' " a- maul of St Josephs Ophl picnic : .... Iunited Slates is one that is greatly State. It was pointed out to me that SUC ' age. Its receipt great financial . - 'desired by educators and includes it was not merely a ques'tion of cess, a net fund of ovcr $6500, is the every deparinlent of school life, and I whether America's charity would con- ainls at prodneing a nlore inlelligent ] tinue, but whether it was not already and loyal cit'izensllil): The Catholic culmination of his activities for the , little homeless children out at Gaines I and 25th street. On January 1, 1920, She Rt. Rev. Bishop placed him in charge of Calvary cemetcry, a care which will be of the many in his new pastorate Guardian ongratulations. Always active and interested in the success of THE GUARDIAN, this paper adds its hearty congratulations to him on his promotion and with his hosts of friends wishes him health, happiness and the plentitude of God's grace in his future parochial endeavors. .i i Chaplains Attend Military School Chaplains Francis P. Joyce and Ig- natius J. Fealy are attending the Rec- reation School near Rockford, Ill. These two priests, who have had sev- ! eral years .with American troops, will assist the war department in estab- lishing a new and broad scheme of ducation in the military establish: lee late. It could not, of eom'se, have Church. ever in the vanguard of things Icme sooner Tbe war bad to end educatimml, endorses anytMng that lflrst'.., lhlt to watch, these starved little ,lie real betterulent of sohoo,s 'cr,,.,ures almost nleans broke my heart Dulmg the Nolml School clssesl '" "  ' ,  ' There are several pronllnent relief I ---- ee based on College and Noruml ".'. , ' i societies at work--the American Mis- olk ' ". sion, with Mr. Halstead at its head, Normal Inspected. is doing the bulk of it. Write that After careful inspeetlon of Catholic I name Halstead high in the annals of Hernial work, the Superintendent of lAmerican life--Halstead, the noble, Public Instruction for the State of lhigh-si{irited Anlerican whose every i Arkansas, Mr. J. L. Bond, stated that hour is filled with anxiety for tllese the people of the State of Arkansas stricken children of the Catholic should be proud of this institution, a Church. newcomer in the educational field, The British Relief Work is doing iust completing its first term. Mr. nlagnificently, especially with the Bond addressed tile Catholic teachers poorest classes. The Friends, or of the State, highly complimenting Quakers, have taken over a goodly their work, and giving them nmch ad- part of the labor. The Y. M. C. A. is vice and encouragement. Licenses preparing to do its part and to it, not were issued by the State authorities with proselytism as its motive, but in to every teacher that attended the a disinterested Christian spirit. Normal School It can be said that all But among all the relief workers, the the Sisters of the State of Arkansas high place must be given to the that attended the Normal School at Caritas Band of Austria. This Catholic Little Rock College have their State relief society existed long before the on Page 7) (Contled oa (L) CATHOLIC EDUCATION VIEWPOINT OF BISHOPS PRINCIPLES SET FORTH IN PASTORAL LETTER SHOULD BE OF INTIMATE CONSIDERATION BY CATHOLIC PARENTS AND STUDENTS. The principles of Cttholic educa- tion were thus set forth in the Pastoral Letter of the Archbishops and Bishops assenlbled in conference at the Catholic University of America in September, 1919: The Church in our country is oblig- ed, for the sake of principle, to main- tain a system of education distinct and separate from other systems. It is supported by the voluntary contribu- tions of Catholics who, at the same time, contribute as required by law to the maintenance of the public schools. It engages in the service of education a body of teachers who consecrate their lives to the high calling; and it prepares, without expense to the State a considerable number of Americans to live worthily as citizens of he Re- public. Tested rby Experience. Our system is based on certain con- victions that grow stronger as we ob, serve the testing of all education, not simp y by eahn them'etic discussion, but by the crucial experience of recent events. It should not have required the pitiless searclling of war to deter- mine the wduc of any theory or sys- tcm, but since that rude test has becn so drastically applied and with such unmistakable results, we judge it op- portune to restate the plincfple which selwe as the basis of Catholic education. Rights of Children. First. The right of the child to re- ceive education and the correlative duty of providing it are cstablished on the fact that man has a soul created by God and endowet with capacities which need to be devcloped, for the good of thc individual and the good o society. In its highest meaning, therefore, education is a co-operation by human agencics with the Creator for the attainment of His purpose in regard to the individual who is to be educated, and in regard to the social I order of which lie is a member. Neither self-realization alone nor social service alone is the end of edu- cation, but rather thesc two in accord-i ance with God's design, which gives to each of thenl its proportionate value. Hence it follows tjaat education is es- sentially and inevitably a moral activity, in the sense that it under- takes to satisfy certain claims through the fulfillment of certain obligations. This is true independently of the manner and means which constitute the actual process; and it remains true, whether recognized or disre- garded in educational practise; whether this practise include the teaching of morality, or excIude it,'or try to maintain a neutral position. Physical Intellectual and Moral. Second. Since the child is endowed with physical intellectual and moral capacities, all these must be develop- ed harmoniously. An education that quickens the intelligence and enriches the mind with knowledge, but fails to develop the will and direct it to the practise of virtue, may produce scholars, but it cannot produce good men. The exclusion of moral train- ing from the educative process is more dangerous Jn proportion to the thoroughness with which the intell- ectual powers arc developed, because it gives the impression that morality is of little importance, and this sends the pupil into life with a false idea which is not easily corrected. Morality First Third. Since the duties we owe our Creator take precedence of all other duties, moral training must accord the first place to religion, that is, to the knowledge of God and His law, and must cultivate a spirit of obedience to His commands. The performance, sincere and complete, of religious duties, ensures the fulfillment of other obligations. Joined With Instruction. Four. Moral and relig!ous tralning is most efficacious when it is joined with instruction in other" kinds of knowledge. It should so permeate these that its influence will be felt in every circumstance of life, and be stren'thened as the mind advances to a fuller nature and a riper experience with the realities I of human existance. Fifth. Au education that unites intellectual, mmal and religious ele- ments is the best training for citizen- ship. It inculcates a sense of respon- sibility, arespect for authority and a considerateness for the rights of . others which are the necessary foundations of civic virtue--more necessary where, as in a (lemocracy, the citizen, enjoying a larger free- dora, has a greater obligation to gov- ern himself. We are convinced that, as religion and morality are essential to right living and to the public wel- fare, both should bc included in the work of education. Popularity. There is reason to believe that this conviction is shared by a considerable number of our fellow citizens who are not of the Caththolic faith. They realize that the omission of religious instruction is a defect in education and also a detriincnt to religion. But in their view the home and the church should give the necdcd training in morality and religion, leaving the school to provide only secular knowl- edge. Experience, howcyer, confirms us in the belief that instead of divid- ing education among these scveral agencies, each of them shouM, in its own measure, contribute to tlm in- tellectual, mm:iil and religious development of the cllild, and by this means become helpful to all the rest. FOUR ITALIAN NUNS TO SERVE IN AMERICA (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Paterson, N. J., Aug.. 16.--Four Italian nuns of the Daughters of Mary, Help of Christians, familiarly known as the Salesian Sisters, have arrived at the mother house of the order in this city and will remain in this prov- ince. They are Sisters Emilia De Gennaro and Giuseppina .Campani, who have been assigned to St. Mi- chael's School, Atlantic City, and Sis- ters Letizia Sampo and Martina Chia- veraho, who will remain at the local house. All four are highly educated and possess diplomas granted by the education department of tlle Italian government. 4 * THE CATHOLIC PRESS. * The functions of the Catholic * Press are of special value to the  Church in our country. To widen the interest of our people by ac- * quainting ihcm with the prog- * ress of religion throughmg the * world, to correct false or mis- * leading statements regarding * our belief and practice, and, as * occasion offers, to present our * doctrine in popular form--these * are among the excellent aims of * Catholic Journalism. As a * means of forlntng sound pul)lic opinion, it is indispensable The * vital issues affecting the na- * lion's welfare usually turn utmn  moral principles. Sootier or later, discussion 1)rings forward * the question of right and wrong. * The treatmcnt of such subjects * from the Catholic point of view, * is helpful to all our people It enables them to look at current * events and problems in the light * of experience which the Church * has gathered through centuries, * and it points the surest way to solution that will advance our * common interests. * $ 4 *$$'*$ The unselfish zeal displayed by Catholic journalists entitles them to a more active support than hitherto has been given. By its very nature the scope of * their work is specialized; and, *" within the limitation thus ira-* posed, they are doing what no *- other agency could accomplish. * or attempt, tn behalf of our * homes, societies and schools. - *' From the Bishop's Pastoral * > [i L )!/ ,I/! I i  ! ':/J ;}i r i ( / ) [! =j / [ :': i, :; !i