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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
August 27, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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August 27, 1943
 

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/2 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under the Act o! Congrews of March 8, 1872. SUBSCRIPTION PIICE: $2.00 the year @ OFFICIAL DvOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian Is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and ! pray God that It may be on earaest champion of the cause of right. Justlco and truth and an ardent defe/ader of the religion we all love so weB. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hops that its career my be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS. Bishop of LAtio Reek. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All eonwnunleations about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, 809% West 2nd. Telephone 648e SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Little Rock Council, No. 812 ........ RR.00 Paragould Council, No. 1713 ............ Fort Smith Council. No. 996 ............... Pocahontas Council No. 2443 .............. Biytheville-Osceola Council, No. 2857 .... Tvxarkana Council No. 2680 ............. Pin- Bluff Council, No. 1153 ................. Stuttgart-Slovactown Council, No. 2780.- Jonesboro Council, No. 1702 ............ 1 AUGUST 27, 1943 ,,, -----_ "H by libert of the ress, we understand merely _ Y P . . the liberty o/ discussing the propriety of public measures and political opinions, let us have as much o[ it as you please; but'if it means the liberty o[ at- {ranting, calumniating and de[aming one another, I own myself willing to part with my share o[ it when- ever our legislators shall please to aIter the law; and shall cheertully consent to exchange my Iiberty o[ abusing others for the privilege o[ not being abused mvseIL"--Franklin. LICENSE, NOT LIBERTY! Much tttention has recently been given to the attack on the Readers Digest for having reprinted an account of new, insidious birth-control activity of Nurse Mildred Delp, a con- sultant of the Planned Parenthood Association. Foremost spokesman for the National Catholic Welfare Conference has been Dr. Edgar Schmiedeler, O.S.B. Father Schmiedeler addressed an open complaint to Dewitt Wallace, editor of the Readers Digest. Part of the complaint to the editor of the popular publication is as' follows: "Are you utterl, unaware, sir, that thinking people have for some years past been dreadfully worried about our coun- try's low birth rate? Have you no conception of the shock- ing havoc that has been wrought by the moral pest of birth control in our midst? Are you minded to make it even worse by publishing such an article as that of Mrs. Naismith in your popular Digest? That is precisely what 3,ou are doing. You are using your honored position of trust as the head of a pub- lication that goes into the homes and schools and other institu- tions of America to do incalculable damage to your country and its people." In answer to this protest the editor has recently issued a statement: "Readers Digest is part of the free press of this country. It not only has the right but the duty to present for public dissuasion, various aspects of important social questions. It is regrettable that even though the Rev. Dr. Edgar Schmied- eler disagrees with the point of view presented in the article on birth control, he is unwilling to 'defend unto death' our right to print it." In addition to informing the public that many letters prais- ing the article has been received, the editor believes the great majority of the people favor "voluntary parenthood." Here we have again the misguided notion that freedom of the press means a license to print anything. If freedom of the press meant unbridled and unrestricted liberty to print any- thing, then why does the Post Office Department, for example, forbid the sending of certain publications through the United States mails? Yet if these men were logical, they would pro- test against any such censorship by this branch of the govern- ment. Under the guise of freedom of the press, we are expected to go so far to be ready to "defend unto death" the printing of articles manifestly pagan and manifestly immoral. Under the flimsy excuse of being openminded we are to cease draw- ing any line of demarcation between what is right and what is wrong. Furthermore we are expected to defend unto death the printing of articles which manifestly favor the open and most insidiqus sin of birth-control. Catholics cannot compromise by reading arguments in favor of a practice so openly sinful. Oh yes, -- from the enemies of the Church comes the centuries-old epithet "nar- row-minded," but the Church with almost two thousand years of experience "in dealing with human nature and human prob- lems does not approve of articles that undermine the true Chris- tian way 'of life. AGAINST INTEMPERANCE Calling for a revival of the old Catholic custom oi  having children promise, at the time of their First Communion, to avoid the use of intoxicating drink until they have come of age, the head of the Catholic Total Abstinence Union points out that it was the enactment of the Prohibition Amendment that caused the abandonment of the custom, so that the coun- ty has been a quarter century without this powerful incentive for sobriety. That is, an entire generation has grown up with- out any organized protection against the allurements and evils of intoxicants; indeed, while organized effort for sobriety has nearly disappeared, organized effort for encouraging indul- gence has waxed powerful and successful, Forty years ago, children "took the pledge" with the encouragement of their pastors and teachers, supported by their parents and their eld- ers/in general. Schools taught the evil effects of alcohol on THE GUARDIAN, AUGUST 27, I943 the human system; in very few homes was there any drinking; the children were spared the sight of drinking in public places, and were left in no doubt that the occasional drunkard they encountered was a victim of unfortunate weakness, deserving the utmost pity. Advertisements for intoxicants were few, and these few were reserved; no radio blared appeals to drink alcoholic beverages. The motion picture did not glamorize alcoholic indulgence, nor did the theater. The community realized the value of sobriety, and co-operated in promoting it, especially as far as the children were concerned. But now children take no pledge; the schools have little to say about the harm done by alcohol; intoxicants are de- livered into homes, and consumed there in the presence of childrzn; public eating places are nearly all drinking places as / we!l, and chi!drert witness there sights from which their fathers and mothers were shielded; the drunken man and the drunken woman are now such common scandals that they scarcely excite comment. Magazines, newspapers, the loud speaker abound with extravagant descriptions of the joys of drinking and with direct appeals to indulgeDand these appeals are addressed to the young no less than to the mature. The film theater where boys and girls spend so much of their time, seldom fail to preach the "smartness" and the "necessity" of alcoholism. The liquor interests, formerly under constant suspicion and dis- approval, now enjoy the support of "'respectable" society in training a new generation to be consumers of their product. The ray of hope in this situation, so dark as far as the future sobriety of the nation is concerned, is that the war has already caused shortages in the supply of intoxicants, and has reduced the amount of alluring advertising. Anc it may be that the very seriousness of war, as Father Keogh, the C.T.A.U. president says, may awaken the public to the dangers children now face and cause the obvious steps for reform to be taken. BE SMOOTH Christ wants our influence, as Catholics, to be at a maxi- mum. He expects us to lead outsiders into the Church -- and we won't do it by being sour or cranky, by blasting others and making them miserable. We are salesmen for Christ, and we can take a lesson from those around us. Watch the insurance agent, the politician, the store-manager D so affable, a genteel, so easy to approach. They want friends for selfish reasons. We want them for Christ, and we have something much more vital to offer. We must be smooth as silk and sweet as honey. Our best help and one which will make us really Christ- like will be in a genuine sympathy and regard for those around us. Put yourself in the other fellow's place. If he is eccentric, if he steps on your toes, don't judge his motives. Leave that to God. Think this way: "If I were in his place and under the same pressure, I might act the same way." Will Rogers used to say that he never met a man he didn't like. Can't we say the same thing? Why should we dislike anyone ? That's the essence of Christianity: "Another command- ment I give nnto you; that you love one another as I have loved you."--"By this shall all men know that you are my disciples; if you have love one for another." In the seminary, our superior, French and saintly, taught us, as we went about our work, before we met people, or when we were tempted to fly off the handle to say: "May the Lord be in my heart and on my lips."Try it some time. Its a big help, There just is no reason why a cross word should pass our lips. We can be firm, if necessary, without being mean. Another thing: we must learn to put ourselves, out for people. There isn't anything, saving evil, which we wouldn't do for anyone. Why be so small as to fight with another he- cause he is forever smoking our cigarettes, borrowing our stamps or using our tooth-paste.  Be smoothl Don't let anything ruffle you. If you'll just practice this form of Catholicism, you'll ake more friends and influence more people than Dale Carnegie ever dreamed of. You'll be happy yourself, and you'll make others happy and, perhaps, draw them into the faith. Q UES TION BOX Noticelt Is importan: that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever pubilshed. Questions which oak for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelops. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. Where Do Catholics Get Saints Not Mentioned In The Bible? Most of those whom the Church has canonized as Saints are not mentioned in Holy Scripture, because they lived long after the writ- ing of the Sacred Books had been completed. It is not a requisite of a Saint that the name should be found in Holy Scripture. Saints are those who have received the official approval of the Church for public veneration through a long and complicated process known as canonization. This is a solemn declaration by the Pope that one, al- ready beatified, is a Saint and is to be venerated by all the faithful. The Pope will never issue such a declaration until the outstanding virtue of the one to be canonized has been proved by the working of a number of miraclesr Proof of the genuinity of these miracles often requires years of investigation, and the greatest possible vigilance is exercised. All the Saints of the Church are recognized as such through the same process. The various details of their lives can be found in any volume of the Lives of the Saints. A friend of mine does not be- lieve in hell. She says God could not allow it. What could I tell her? The existence of hell is very clear from various texts of Holy Scripture, both in the Old and New Testaments. In the lath verse of the ninth psalm we read: "The wicked shall be turned into hell, all the nations that forget God." In Matthew 7-13 we find these words: "For wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and many 1here are who ,enter that way." These texts are only cited as ex- amples and are by no means ex- haustive. Holy Scripture not only speaks of the existence of hell, but it likewise tells of the torments of hell. That an all-good and all-merci- ful God could create something so terrible as hell is no contradiction, for we must remember that God is all-just. If men have freely chosen to ignore the laws of God, Divine Justice demands that they must pay the penalty, which is the everlasting torture of hell. Wtll you please explain the dif- ference, it any, there is between the allegiance a Catholic owes to his Church and to the country? We cannot make a comparison between the two allegiances. The Church teaches that she is su- preme in matters spiritual, while the state is equally supreme in matters relating to civil duties. The state no less than the Church is of divine origin. The duty that a Catholic owes to his country is a duty not based solely on pa- triotism but is a duty based on religion. A Catholic is bound in consciench to obey the laws of his country and to give his cotlntry that full loyalty and allegiance to obey the laws of his country and to give his country that full loy- alty and allegiance that is due. There is no conflict between Church and state, each having its own proper sphere and authority and each having the right to de- mand obedience within its sphere. Who was St. Malachy and how much credence can be placed in his prophecies? V. D. St. Malachy was an Irish monk of the twelfth century. In addi- tion to having held many import- ant offices in the Church he is fa- mous for the gift of prophecy which has frequently been attri- buted to him. There has been much discus- sion about the genuineness of these prophecies, but it seems that the evidence advanced is not sufficient to prove their authentic- ity beyond doubt. Is it permissible for an engaged couple to act as godparents for a child at Baptism? Yes. .No spiritual relationship exists between the two sponsors. In the administration of the Sacrament of Extreme Unction why are all the bodily senses anointed? Because so often it is by the bodily senses that people are led into sin. Those bodily senses are five: sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch. The priest therefore anoints the body according to these senses, the eyes, the ears, the nostrils, the mouth and the hands. At each anointing he says the appropriate prayer. For ex- ample, when anointing the ears he says, "By this holy anointing and through His most loving mercy, may the Lord forgive you whatever sins you have commit- ted through the sense of hearing." And so on with the others. In cases of urgent necessity, when there is no time to fulfill all the anointings, the priest may give one only, anointing the sick per- son on the forehead saying, "Through this holy anointing may the Lord forgive whatever sins you have committed." How can the existence of Heaven be proved? First by the Holy Scripture, which speaks again and again of the happiness of Heaven, of the Kingdom of Heaven, and the life everlasting. By the teaching of the Church, which affirms this truth in all her creeds and in her liturgy. By reason which demonstrates the necessity of another life, in which virtue will receive adequate reward. By the practically unanimous belief of men in the future life, wherein the good will enjoy per- fect happiness. What Is a "master of novices?" A "master of novices" trains the novices in a religious order or congregation. A novice is one who is being prepared for the re- ligious life. How many books of the Old Testament did Moses write? The first five books of the Bible, called the Pentateuch, are ascribed to him. Does one break the seal of con- fession by telling what penance the priest gave in confession? The seal of confession is not broken. How many people will St. Pet- ers at Rome accommodate? Sixty thousand. Is it true that there is a com- munity of Brothers who nurse the sick? Yes, .The Alexian Brothers do so. In the East, their hospital is located in Elizabeth, N.J.' In the West they maintain one in Chi- cago and another in St. Louis, Me. $ * * As a point of information, how old is St. Peter's Church on Bar- clay street, New York City? As far as we can ascertain, it is almost 157 years old, being opened November 4, 1786. What book would you recom- mend to a yonng lady who is anx- ious to enter the Convent? "Convent Life" by Father Mar- tin Scott, S. J. Rural Cc00iholic C O m lT1 of the South by Rev. Anthony C. S. Sn. FARMING WITH It takes a lot of write articles of farming rural questions with the mometer soaring over 100 tically every day and no sight. We have had drouth before and much than the present one and come out of it and we will same now. The farmer man to become easily In going from ConwaY tle Rock and in other parts of the county, noticed besides the dried .uP and cotton, thousands of waste sawdust which put to work producing the war effort. The simple if you own some is inexpensive if you cess to saw mills. acid and if used extensively fertilizer it will sour te Either oak or pine used alone will growth of any crop. But use that bedding and let it oughly saturated, and slightly alkaline, and sirable for farm use. tons of sawdust are every year; vast heaps simply standing idle. this material could be without cost practically operators are usually rid of it. Many acres of that are in )asture are each year to out having plow that pasture up of it each year and get in shape to where it moisture and hold it time. Fertilize the this barn treated if there will not be a provement. Fo] ing in Arkansas, cows pensable. Even in drought when it might sary to buy the feed for may not make any you will come out ins cows when you bi-products comin result of them in land and feeding chickens with the which is left over after sold your cream. Some years are as crops go, because conditions, but the ally manages to get Weather conditions are our control, but our farms, repairing ings, and bringing up par is very often sphere. If we wish land we must likewise Dare to be true: .worth a lie: A fault it most grows two The six best sellers are any six things' that rationed. It is better to fall church than to stay home. A good man's life spoken sermon. ************.* * The Song of * Order your.copy of * this best seller * direct from The * Guardian * Price ************ The Song of Bernade00Je .:. She felt a rush of emotion... ,.,.d Book-of-the-Month on a Bernadette dropped to her knees. HEN or where future meetings With the lady would take place was a matter which did not trouble Bernadette. She knew the lady's character too well by now to fear that a few guards Or a few boards could present a serious obstacle to her will. Eventually the lady would call her and would final her. Thus the months passed . . . There came an evening in July when Bernadette stood listening to the tolling of the clock of St. Pierre's steeple in Lourdes. Suddenly the girl felt herself caught in a mighty uprush of self-determining instinct. She raced t Massabielle and dropped to her knees beside the Savy brook, unmindful of the .gendarmes who stood in front of the grotto on the Opposite bank and glared at the girl and the small crowd that had followed her. 'I Antoine gathered her in his arms . .. The lady was waiting outside the grotto near the brook. Gazing at her, Bernadette could not restrain the dreadful question which broke forth from her silent heart: "Is it the last time? Is it indeed the last time?" Th lady gave up answer. But her smile grew definitely brighter. And in reality this smile had Its own meaning, which was this: A last time--that does not exist for such as we, even though we are saying a long farewell today. Darkness slowly closed in around the spot where the lady stood. When the last white glimmer had faded into night, Bernadette sank to earth like one whom a great hand had dropped. Then for the second time in his life, Antoine Nicolau stepped forward, gathered her up in his arms, and car- .:. BY FRNg W ILLUSTRATIONS BY Dr. Dozous was sum med" home. Behind hln thronged the whlspcri9g women, some with their candles still lit. Dr. Dozous was summoned to the girl'S mediately. He gave orders to have her ,0 the Hospital of the Sisters of Nevers. Bernadette was safely in the care of the went to see Dean Peyramale. The doctor's for a frail girl with a bad case of asthma hovel was an extremely undesirable dwe] Peyramale agreed quickly. He sought out tied her carefully the long way back to the Subtrous (Continual Next Drawings cOpyright, 1943. by King-Features Syndicate, Inc. Text copyright 1942 by The Viking Press, Inc. Distributed by King Features Syndicate in co-operation with the Bok-of. Superior and proposed that Bernadette be pe status of  patient for the present; not rn plained for reasons of health but for equally serious ones . ..