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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
August 25, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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August 25, 1923

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THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 25, 1923 00/an Published Weekly by THE CATHOLIC PUILICATIOM 8OCIETY ol the Diocese of Little Rock $09 WEST SECOND .STREET Entered as seeond.-class matter March 21, 1911, at the postoffice at L/ttl Rock, Ark,, ander the Act o! Congress of March 3, 1579, SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $2.00 Tile YEAR CHANGE OF ADDRESS Wlma a change of address is desired tha subscriber should give both old and the new address, CORRESPONDENCE Matter intended for publication in The Guardian should reach us not later than Wednesday morning. Brief news correspondence is abvays walcom. The kindness of the clergy in this matter is cordially appre- ciated. REV. GEO. H. McDERMOTT ................... Managing Editor All communications about "The Guardian" should be addressvd to Ihe Roy. Geo. li. McDermott, 307 West Second Street. OFFICIAL APPROVAL The Guardian is the official organ of the Dioce of Little Rock, and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion in the cause of ri ht t.ui-ijce, and, truth ardent defel!der of the religion which wgall g;'my'"be l::tTdndtprseYrob "stag with the sincere hope that its I .]'Olin B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 25, 1923. Fourteenth Sunday after Pentecost. -o- Pope Plus XI has just sent a very compliment- ary letter to the Superior General of the Irish Christian Brothers for the splendid work they have done in Rome since they were called to that .city by Pope Leo XIII twenty-three years ago. 4}-o---------.__ There may be contrasts between men as well as between things. Miss Guiney makes this ob- servation in describing two brothers: "It is a thousand pities that we can never have on our shelves the Froude of historical verity to counter- balance the Froude of historical romance." Hur- reU was the former, and no informed reader" of he Crrdian need to be told that James Anthony as the latter. ' -4) The growth of the Church in Boston, is of course, phenomenal, but we recall nothing which brings out the truth in a more striking manner than a prophecy indulged in one hundred years ago: "The folndation of a Catholic Church in Boston could only be surpassed by devoting a chamber in the Vatican to a Protestant Chapel." As the name of the prophet was Tudor, it is safe to say that if he were alive today his surprise would be as surpassing as his conceit was colos- sal then. 4)-O The exodus of negroes from the South which is causing greater loss in terms of dollars than the historic march ' of General Sherman to the sea, is no doubt very largely an economic problem, but if the problem has been made more acute by the agitation which has disturbed the whole South so much with its banner motto, "This is a white man's Country" flaunted in the face of thinking colored people, a new responsibility falls upon the heads of those who are leaders in that agita- tion. 0-O--------- We were in hopes that, in the recrimination sure to follow the great war, Catholics would be free from it, but we are disappointed. A German cardinal addresses himself to a French cardinal on the Ruhr question, and he gets a tart reply. Father Gillis, in his editorial comments in The Catholic World," while he holds no brief for the Germans, does not hesitate to charge the French retort with wanting in the" charity of the I Gospel. And now comes Canon Ernest Dimnet I of Paris, who is at present lecturing in this coun- try, with the sharp contentibn that it would be suicide for France not to insist on her rights. O-0 The editor of The Tablet of London expresses himself well to the point when, m answer to a question about a revision of a book on Spiritual- tism which appeared in his paper, he remarked: "Divine revelation stints us as regards the man- ner of man's life after death, and no good Chris- tian will peer into the darkness with lamps lit at t unhallowed fires." Incidentally, he added wh'at I might Very properly be addressed to Catholic writers in this county, "We admit that in Catho-' lic stories of this kind the writers do not fail to warn us against having anything to do with apook-craft; but we always find ourselves won- dering why the writers themselves do not set us a good example by writing about something else. m O ,,, At a meeting of the Converts' Aid Society of England a Mgr. Barton Brown pleaded for a na- tive clergy, while expressing gratitude to those priests from Ireland, Belgium, France, Italy and other countries who had heroically come to mn- ister to Catholics in England, and that was per- fectly proper, for the priests who are natives of ountry understand its peopleand its needs, and they are not exposed to that homesickness, which sometimes afflicts even priests and makes them inefficient by making them discontented. Those who are disposed to resent an apparent slur in every such appeal should possess their souls in peace, for there is always a field for active mis- sionaries, and when there is no longer any such field, it is a sign that the Millenium has come, and there is no further need for missionary work. What the world needs is not tle spread of hat- red, but the spirit of love. In Black Bess we read that "the spirit of hatred is fram the devil," and some day, those whose occupation seems to cen- tre on warping the minds of honest people, and turning them against those who are glad and happy to be friends instead of enemies, may find that the pay for such evil work will come from his Satanic majesty. It is time we should all for- get the evil things done in the past. We are not responsible for the evil done by any persons in past ages, and neither are those who revile us. We are concerned in the present and the future, and a neighborly spirit is a distinct gain for ud all. You will be all the happier, gentlemen, by "cut- ting it out," and you will have more friends even among those of your own sects by so doing, We have confidence enough in your people to believe they have had enough of such misleading propa- ganda and that they do not desire it shall be un- derstood that they go to church just for the pleasure of hearing Catholicity attacked. Your people would like you better, probably support you better, if you preached the love of God and your neighbor. Such at least are the commands of Christ. Are these commands too "old-fashioned?" 4-0 A SPLENDID DEFENSE Racial prejudice is so powerful that it has, in some instances, gone the length of saying that the English who abandoned the faith in the sixteenth century were cowards, weaklings and paltroons, but prominent converts insist that they were rob- bed of their precious inheritance, and the rapid progress of the High Church movement in recent years, could be explained on no other ground than that a cheated people were recovering something of which they had been deprived. And now our English exchanges are present- ing to their readers the view which one who has always been a Catholic takes of the overthrow of the Church at the time of the Reformation, the Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster. His Eminence regrets the two popular explana- tions of England's defection: that of Catholics who are not of English stock to whom we have al ready alluded, and that of those who maintain with greatest complacency that after all England was never very much Roman Catholic. After showing how deeply attached the English were to the Catholic Faith Cardinal Bourne ascribes the English schism to the bewilderment and con- fusion created in the mind of the average man who was unable to enter into the merits of the quarrel between Henry VIII and the Holy See, and we do not hesitate to pronounce his plea as a splendid defense. "The average man," saith the Cardinal, "is neither exceptionally sagacious nor unusually courageous, and it is the average man who counts in every crisis. What would the aver- age man in those days have known of what was going on? He would have known, in the first place, that there was a quarrel between the King and the Sovereign Pontiff; but such quarrels had often taken place in the past, so he would attach comparatively little importance to the matter in dispute. The average man might have been shocked at the fact that monasteries were being suppressed, but he would have remembered that monasteries had been suppressed previously by the Apostolic See. He would also have known that attempts were being made to promote reform in the discipline of the Church, and it would have taken an exceptionally segacious man, and an un- usually courageous man to realize the issues at stake and foresee their consequences." And this argument derives new strength from what hap- pened under Elizabeth when the issue between England and Rome was sharply defined, and if the episcopate had been destroyed in other coun- I tries as it had been in England, perhaps there] would be room for the taunt of cbwardice and] faint-heartedness. The shepherds of England were stricken and the flock was scattered. T. 0-0 HOSPITAL PROGRESS At a recent meeting of the Catholic Hospita Association an interesting parallel was instituted between Hospitals and schools carried on under the auspices of the Church. Both are largely con- ducted by the various Sisterhoods, and both are in the interest of religion and a very holy form of charity. Catholic schools had a long start of Catholic hospitals, for they were regarded as of more vi- tal importance an& they affected a larger num- ber of souls. Even the religious communities must have had some suspicion in their minds of the superior claims of the schools, for it not u5 frequently happened that sisters who could not" stand the strain of the classroom were assigned to duty in the hospital. To be sure, they fancied that for this they had the precedent of bishops who assigned to the position of chaplains in hos- pitals priests who were incapacitated for har parochial work, but there was no parity at all for an infirm priest may make "a very excellen' chaplain, in fact he may be superior in one re spect, for his infirmity will not permit him to wander far from the institution, and he will al- ways be on hand for emergency sick calls. But now all that has been changed. Unlike the case of the chaplain, vigorous health, and not in- firmity makes for efficiency in every depart- ment of hospital work. The hospital, like the school, calls for special training, and to keep up the parallel it has such a stimulus to better work in the Catholic Hospital Association as the school finds in the National Catholic Educational As- sociation, and it is significant that the leading paper of the last Hospital conference was on the weaknegses, and defects of hospital management. Marvelous things have happened in all our h0spi- tals in the way of giving patients the most scien- tific care, since the Catholic Hospital Association was formed nine years ago, and with the willing- ness to learn and to improve which our Sister- hoods have always shown, there is no reason why still greater progress may not be achieved in the future. All this is a matter of great gratification to the Church, for in addition to the service it renders to suffering humanity, it gives many careless Catholics a fresh hold on their faith, and it gives many non-Catholics their first favorable view of what the Church stands for in the social life of America. T. o-o-- WHEN WAR IS JUSTIFIED. Wars are and have been so frequent over the world; they have been the cause of so much suf- fering; they have been so productive of results, good and bad, that a word as to when they may be lawfully undertaken may not be amiss, espe- cially nowadays, when so-called revolutions are so much in evidence: " The nation which enters into war must have: First, a justifiable cause, i. e., a radical and op- pressive grievance; second, the war must be un- dertaken by the lawful government of the nation, not by any section; third, there must be no other means of righting the wrong than by war; fourth, there must be a reasonable prospect of success. These four reasons must exist each one of them--to cause a lawful war. This is the con- sensus of opinion of all rational men, and it is Christian sentiment; in fact, Christian sentimen and Christian teaching gave mankind these rea- sonable convictions, and they stand today the world over as the combined causes which justify war. If this Christian spirit ruled the "jingoes" of the world we would see less of the devil's work over the face of the earth, and many valuable lives would be spared to their country and their homes. The tree is known by its fruit, and where ever we see the evidences of the unwarranted tak- ing of human life we always discern he evil fruit. Without these four conditions existing every life lost is simply murder. When the time comes that such conditions are not accepted generally and every faction is free to take human life at the dictates of an erratic "patriotism," then whole- sale assassination will be in vogue and no man's life will be safe. The denial of these four prin- ciples by those who '!declare" war is anarchy pure and simple, and those aiding or abetting human slaughter carried on by anarchy are particeps crimines; they cannot get away from it, no mat- ter how plausible they may palm off their prin- ciples. Such men may deceive human tJeings, but they cannot deceive God. In defense of anarchy and bloodshed which bring on obvious ruin the devil can quote Scrip.. ture glibly; that's an old trick of his, and by it he has deceived many until the fruit is seen. Let us have a little more faith in theology and common sense and we won't have so very mu, zh to regret, no matter how theology and common sense may have been relegated to the background by propagandists. D. O-O. ........... THE PATRON OF OUR PRESS Thereis much and weighty significance attach- ed to the decision of the Holy Father in choos- ing St. Francis de Sales as the patron of Catholic writers, for there is no sweeter writer than St. Francis; there is no writer in the Church's his- tory that showed a more tender regard for the feelings of those outside the Church. He knew well that the religious sentiment in everyone's heart was the strongest, and he was never known to say a bitter word against those who differed from him in religion. He was, in fact, what we call "liberal" to an extraordinary degree, and his genuine love for those outside the Church was fully recognized by them, and indeed it was re- ciprocated. St. Francis' love for non-Catholics was so deep and abiding, so unaffected, so tender, and he as- sociated with them so much, that some of his ul- tra conservative brethren were known to hold theopinion and expressed it too, that "Francs de Sales ,ight get to heaven, but it was doubtful if the Bishop of Geneva would." They held to the belief that it was not just proper that the Bishop tempted to lose the Faith. They held grounded in the Faith, and honestly no doubt, for when Catholics information from them as to their are not always known to answer may go "on the rocks" through the ignorance. St. Francis was a scholar, one of great Doctors of the Church; he of the religious questions then lic mind. He also knew the by his non-Catholic neighbors, and that honesty, even when he knew been led astray by ambitious knew that God loves every living consequently he felt that it was his all men, irrespective of their reli This did not prevent him from truths of the Church to those who them; but he. did it with a ness, with charity as well as with cidity that the great work he will stand out for all ages as He simply made the Church consequently better loved." He saw the prejudice against the Church from evil hearts, but from erroneous est men who believed much of the erature in circulation about the In his occupation of explaining of the Church he was often he was never known to reply in kind. aware that such persons held on the Catholic Faith, and that if opinions he might be just as Catholic opponent if the case With such a well-balanced mind heart it was easy for the good St. full allowance for any affronts he and he carried out this kindly policy all his life. Let the great success of his Catholic writers to follow on his us be grateful to the Holy given us such a beautiful model, fects and weaknesses do not proach his standard. EDITORIAL SUFFICIENT In the first six months of 1923 teen lynchings in the United teen less than the number for the of 1922 and just fifteen too Northwest Progress. ABOVE ALL LAW Those friends of true Klux, are now busy trying to New York which proposed to force lish their membership. Cloaked nothing but disguised Herald. A FRIEND IN NEED When one travels the value of the its high reputation is best realized,:i City has a K. of C. home. here to find it. There you can get marion and guidance a stranger Lake Shore Visitor. INTOLERANCE Liberty is a dear possession of it he will suffer great privations life itself. Because of the high sets upon liberty he strives to be his fellow men. If he is the worthy of losing that liberty highly.The Pilot. O-C SOMETHING In Canada the drift from the the cities seems to have alarmed the have issued a pastoral letter" to remain on the farms. On this der the drift from the farms has for a quarter of a century. But been made by Church authorities The True Voice. AND GRIN WHEN THEY Of course, the building of come another of the "great has just appropriated $13,000,000 lense because England has large an air fleet as any other told, the United States must build Still, nobody wants war !--4The "SAVING THE According to our Sunday woman is going to lead an wholly of women into the wilds of of Geneva should hold such friendly intercourse,,,baby life" in the jungle, with non-Cathocs, for they theorized that his/lead her to many a city jungle in example would be followed by many, and that thiSlwhere "baby life" may be thor would i=use a lukewarmness in religion; that/and entertainingly studied But cathol" s generally would follow his example, and/o f an infant in the slums would by close association with non-Catholics, would be- paper notoriety.--The Catholic O; come forgetful of all religion, and finally be burgh.