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August 21, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN SUBSCRIPTION I'RICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL D;OCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love so well. 1 extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Reek. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled, through the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian pffice not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, 309% West 2nd. Telephone 5486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service---Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Paragould Council, No. 1713 ....................... __$12.00 Little Rock Council, No. S12 22.00 AUGUST 2 I, 1942 "It by liberty ot the press, we understand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety of public measures and political opinions, let us have as much of it as you please; but it it means the liberty of M- tronting, cMumniating and defaming one another, I own myseIt willing to part with my share of it when- ever our legisIators shall p/ease to alter the law; and shall cheerfully consent to exchange my liberty of abusing others for the privilege of not being abused myselt. "--Franklin. PROPER CRITICISM Criticism of public figures is an" inalienable American right, h finds its freest expression in the world of sports, as anyone who has attended a baseball or a football game knows. To take it way from American citizens even in war-time, would be to remove one of the chief joys of life. But war is not a game. It is a tough, hard, serious busi- ness. The sooner that it is over the better for all of us. And the less the hindrances placed in the way of those carrying on the war, the sooner it will be over. Loose and unfounded criticism of those in charge of the war effort it one of these hindrances. Just criticism is not only allowable but necessary. Yet how much criticism of plans and purposes in the war is just? And how much is founded on hearsay and rumor or even falsehood? If we ask ourselves, each time that we are tempted to utter criticisms vocally or in the press, what is the foundation for our complaints, we would keep silent more often. And the war effort would go on a great deal more ef- ficiently and swiftly. One of the advantages of a democracy is the privilege of open and unrestrained criticism. Like all other privileges it is subject to abuse. To be used rightly it must be used intel- ligently and sparingly. Hitler would like tnothing better than loudmouthed, unintelligent and loose ttacks by American citizens on every person and department of the government.' In fact, as those who listen to the short wave programs from Berlin know, he is trying to promote such attacks. It is for our common sense to balk him.--Catholic Tlanscript. NO RATIONING ON FAITH a The Research Institute of America recently forecast a rather gloomy outlook for the coming year. Our disturbances over gasoline, rubber, and sugar rationing will pale into in- significance when compared o predicterl sacrifices. The spring of 1943 will see all civilianas, whether willing or not, engaged in an all-out effort to win. Those of us who have thought about the war only when someone near to us has been called to the service are due for a rude awakening. Next spring, the Institute foretells, all civilians will be tightening their belts and plunging into the war effort with grim determination. Quite naturally war needs and war reverses are going to bring further rationing of essential commodities. The largest army in our history will be fed, clothed, equipped and paid only at a great burden to the taxpayer. Only civilian" essentials will be given consideration. Many of our accustomed luxuries will have to go "for the duration." These sacrifices won't be easy. Many of our liberties will be curtailed. Some of the things we have grown accustomed to and consider as essentials to life will be only memories. But all real Americans will make these sacrifices willingly and generously. Only the unified sacrifices of all will guarantee to us and our posterity the way of life we cherish. The prediction of the Research Institute should not fill us with grim forebodings or overcome us with self-commisera- tion. This month, the peoples of Czechoslovakia, England, France, Holland and Poland are completing their third year of war. Not only have they been heavily burdened with taxa- tion and rationed to the barest necessities of life, but some of them have experienced virtual slavery through these years. They have seen their cities bombed and destroyed, their countryside laid waste, their civilian population vexed and in some instances, massacred, even their armies annihilated. We can suffer no worse. The thought of hardship and sacrifice should not be alarming to us if we have the proper Christian spirit. Our whole outlook on life is predicated on the necessity of suf- fering. We respect the predictions of the Research Institute, but they do not make us cringe in fear. No rationings, no taxations, no burdens of a physical or material nature can bend, much less break, a soul that realizes that crosses, sacrifices and hardships are stratoliners leading us to God. With God the center of our lives, the future can hold no THE GUARDIAN, AUGUST 2 I, 1942 fears. Each new burden, every hardship and sacrifice will be so many threads binding us to Him. There is no rationing on Faith. ' , Without God, No Democracy! Avowing that God has been outlawed from American life, the Rev. Daniel A. Lord, S.J., national director of the Sodality Union, in a recent address at a summer school of Catholic Action in St. Louis said that democracy was impossible without the true God. He mentioned that "widespread neglect and actual denial of God, failure to pray and the smashing of His law," despite the nation's motto, "In God We Trust," which, he added, "was writ- ten into America's basic documents in times past, when our nation was proud to be called 'God's country.'" "We need to bring God near to us," he warned. "Men without God are merely animals, with no possibility of equality or impulse toward democracy, with no freedom of choice, which is essential to the whole concept of a free electorate, and a clear choice of issues. "It is the patriotic duty of Americans to lead virtuous lives, as God does not forget the good of a land, nor the land of the good. Hence the virtuous person is the finest citizen. "We abe battling the pagan power politics of the world. We have no hope except in practical democracy. And practical demo- cracy is impossible without Christian ideals and foundation." Father Lord then urged all Catholics to regard their religion as much a cause as does the communist or the liberal. The teachings of Christ encompassing the brotherhood of man, respect for the individual, human dignity and justice independent of one's ability to enact it, loom larger than any other factor on the whole horizon of history. "If then we are not to take our place with the tyrant-ruled nations far from God, we need to bring God near to us, so that these tyrannical rulers may see the Superior Being to whom they are responsible; so that the weak and the oppressed may have some one to look to for protection; and our humanity may find dignity enough to make democracy possible." The human brotherhood of man under the divine Fatherhood Df God as opposed to class consciousness was stressed by the disting- uish Jesuit, and he said that as members of the human race, "we have clear-cut obligations, transcending national boundaries." "Alongside of this attitude, the intelligent Catholie must, likewise, have an unselfish love of conntry/' he continued and took to task those who milk the country's wealth for private gain, who misuse freedom of speech for lies, license and pornography and who turn democracy into demagoguery, labor unions into rackets and opportunity to make money into cornering of necessities. He also castigated those who use freedom to rob others of freedom, and the law to thwart the law. "It is a democratic duty to pray for victory and for a just peace after the wa.r."Sunday Observer Words I The Society For The Propagation Encouragement | Of The Faith Unbridled Affections When a man desires a thing too much, he at once becomes ill at ease. A proud and avaricious man never rests, whereas he who is poor and humble of heart lives in a world of peace. An unmortified man is quickly tempted and overcome in small, trifling evils; his spirit is weak, in a measure carnal and inclined to sensual things; he can hardly abstain from earthly desires. Hence it makes him sad to forego them; he is quick to anger if reproved. Yet if he satisfies his desires, re- morse of conscience overwhelms him because he followed his pas- sions and they did not lead to the peace he sought. True peace of heart, then, is found in resisting passions, not in satisfying them. There is no peace in the carnal man, in the man given to vain attractions, but there is peace in the fervent and spiritual man. Today's Parable ] Father Stedman, Confraternity] of the Precious Blood, Brooklyn, N. Y. Bend Down and a Door You've got to bow down to go into the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. The entrance door- way is so low that you can't go through it in an upright position. Every head, therefore, must bow low in approaching the birthplace of Christ. So there is a lot more to it than a mere play on words in the above caption "Bend Down and a Door." There is more to this "bending down" than the physical act itself. Try it. There is nothing like bending your head low to take thestarch out of your pride. It is as dif- ficult to feel "cocky" with your head bent low, as it is to say NO while shaking your head yes. When the head bends, tile spirit is inclined to bend too. And so it is, that all who enter by that small door, to the scene of Christ's Nativity, are really made worthier by having to bend. By taking away from their physical height, they add to their spiritual stature. "Humility goeth before glory". Constantly we hear of the im- portance of keeping a good pos- ture, of keeping our shoulders and our heads erect, in all truth, good for us physically. But morally, there is nothing so good for us as to bow our heads. Think of that little door in Bethlehem and pass through it more often, for in such humility we approach Christ be- ing born within ourselves. Little Things Have you ever heard the Para- ble of the Acorn? I plucked an acorn from the green sward and held it to my ear, and it seemed to say: "By and by, birds will come and make their nests in me; I shall be fuel and warmth for many homes; I shall protect cattle from the blazing sun, and provide ribs for the seafaring ships, so that the storms of the oceans will beat against their sides in vain." "What? Your poor, weak, insig- nificant, little thing!" said I. "Shall you be able to do this?" "Yes", said the Acorn. "God and I." I took a little child and held it against my heart, and it seemed fOr say: "By and by, I shall grow strong and big, and I will love the Christ and give help to missionaries or go myself and teach the heathen of a Saviour's love, and many shall be brought into the Kingdom." "What? You poor, weak, frail, |,, little creature, said I. "Shall you be able to do this?" "Yes," said the child smiling into my eyes. "Christ and I." Silver Lining "Many people say that the blackout has brought the family closer together," writes a Mary- knoll conv, ent superior from Ha- waii, "There is a change in the sense of values. It is easier to inculcate solid piety now, as the movies, comic strips, and jazz which crowded out much of the religious viewpoint gained in the classroom do not have the same charm now. The divorce courts are not so busy, nor is the crime wave so great. The war has some good points, you see." "During the weeks after the at- tack when all schools were closed," writes another Superior, "we visit- ed the homes of our children. We suggested family prayers, and quite a few families have already started this practice. As for ro- saries, we can't keep up with the demand. This devotion to Mary will surely bring rich blessings. So perhaps in these dark days God's glory is better seen and better served." Did You Knov . . . That in some places in Iraq cars are cautioned not to "speed" faster than five miles an hour because of the thick dust? That there were 103,900 adult conversions in China last year, in spite of the war? That is certain sections of Africa public penances are given for such public sins as missing Mass, ne- glect of Easter duty, and attend- ance at the pagan circumcision schools? That Mission Sunday will be ob- served this year on the eighteenth of October? (Mark this on your calendar!!) Indian Promenade If you should happen to take an early morning stroll in India, one of the first people you will run into is a Sadhu, a Hindu holy man. His hair is long and matted, and across his forehead is a white marking which signifies his sanct- ity. Around his neck he wears a string of beads resembling our Rosary, and in his hands he car- ries a brass bowl in which to collect alms. He begs his way through life, but he is held in great veneration by the people, and his bowl is never empty. Go down by the river and you will meet the Mahout, or elephant driver, giving his charge a morn- ing bath. The Mahout kneels on the animal's broad back and scrubs it with a smooth stone. The ele- phant is a lover of cool water and will leave the river only after much persuasion. Walking through the lanes and back streets of the city you will encounter the thousands of India's poor, whose destitution is in such contrast with the wealth and lux- ury of the rich. You will meet beautiful women, clad' in bright saris, carrying their copper water pots to and from the wells. In open fronted stores you will view the tradesmen hammering at their delicate brass and silver orna- ments; the weavers at their looms and the merchants displaying their silk. You will undoubtedly meet a gentlefaced nun, busy on some errand of mercy; or, per- haps, a priest, thousands of miles from his homeland, intent upon his task of saving souls. Out of gratitude for all the signal favors which the Son of God showered upon His Blessed Mother let us love Him all the more intensely. Loving Mary we must love Him who gave us so marvelous a spiritual Mother. In What Way Do Priests Differ From Protestant Ministers? Protestantism does not acknowledge a sacrament of Holy Orders in the Catholic sense of the word. It repudiates anything savor- ing of sacerdotalism or of a priesthood distinct by its very nature from the condition of the laity. Some Protestant ministers are so insistent 'upon this that on principle they refuse to wear a dress distinguishing them from the layman. And many of them feel little incongruity in changing from a clerical to a secular career. On the ther hand, the Catholic priest receives the very priesthood of Christ iaadelibly stamped upon his soul by the sacrament of Holy Orders. he is no longer a layman after his ordination, and knows that he can never be a layman again. He is forever consecrated and raised to a sacred dignity far above all earthly levels. Even did he return to a secular career, He would ever be conscious that he was still a priest. And know- ing that the priesthood of Christ was communicated to him that he might offer sacrifice to God for the sins of men, and that he might dispense to men sacramental graces, he would know that a return to a secular career would be an insult to Christ, a guilty neglect of the grace of his ordina- tion, and treachery to the souls of men for whom he was ordained. Will you llese explain the statement: "Outside of the Church here is no salvation ? The Catholic Church has al- ways held and taught that the people outside her fold might net know that she is the true Church. If they serve God to the best of their ability and keep His laws they can be 'saved. While they would not belong to the body of the Church, nevertheless they would belong to the soul of the Church of Christ by true spiritual Communion of faith and charity. In this sense a baptized Protes- tant who leads a good life, ob- serves the natural and divine law, may by God's grace attain eternal life. The statement "outside the Church there is no salvation" re- fers to those who know the Cath- olic Church is the true Church but refuse to accept Her authority through fear of loss of social or political position, business or friends. Also, a person who has serious doubts about the truth of his religion and refuses for the above-mentioned or other reasons to make an honest investigation is placing himself in danger of etern- al damnation. Was the manner of Christ's death necessary in order to effect the Redemption? The passion and sufferings of Christ which preceded His death formed an integral part of the particular type of sacrifice de- manded of Him by God's justice and charity. Had God willed it, Christ could have saved us with- out undergoing so much suffering. But God' willed otherwise, and Jesus undertook to satisfy for hu- man nature in human nature, and in generous measure indeed. Nor was His long-drawn-out intense passion superfluous. He thus made superabundant satisfaction for our sins, gave an extreme manifesta- tion of His love for us, set us an example of almost every virtue in almost eVery possible trial, and intensified the motives why those who profess to believe in Him should refrain from further sin. Thus Christ made essential repara- tion by His death, and circum- stantial reparation by enduring all types of penalties deserved by the various sins of men. Are the effects of original sin merely negative? The chief effect of original sin is the privation of grace. But other effects followed, as if heirs to great wealth, losing their for- tune, fell into evil owing to an environment for which they were neither intende nor suited. Does not scientific opinion tend to be agnostic, and regard the existence of Supreme Being as incapable of verification? Some scientists who are pro- ficient in certain limited experi- mental spheres may profess to be agnostic. But when they do so they are not speaking in virtue of any scientific knowledge they pos- sess. They have gone outside the field in which they are proficient into a field in which they are not proficient. Often they have given so much attention to their own field of inquiry that they have paid no attention to the rational explanation of the universe as a whole. They study the thing caused, but do not reflect upon the ultimate cause of all reality. And knowing little of the subject, they foolishly, think nothing is to be known, forgetting th.eir own limi- tations. Some do this, not all. And thousands of great scientists have not been agnostic. They have devoted some thought to the subject instead of uttering hasty opinions. Thus Lord Kelvin said that science positively confirms creative power. Marconi has said, "It is a mistake to think that scmnce and faith cannot exist to- gether. There is too much atheism today. There are too many people just drifting along without any mm or ideal or belief. Faith in the Supreme Being whose rule we must obey can alone give us the courage and strength to face the great mystery of life." No one, of course believes that the exist- ence of the Supreme Being is cap- able of verification by methods proper to experimental science. But His existence is capable of verification by reason; and science does not tend to the denial of this in properly instructed and well- balanced minds. If a man Is to be executed, may' he receive Extreme Unction? May he receive Holy Communion? The Sacrament of Extreme Unction can be received only by those in danger of death from sickness. A person about to be executed cannot receive the Sacra- ment of Extreme Unction. Cer- tainly he can receive the Sacra- ments of Penance and Holy Eu- charist. Any one with the proper dispositions can receive these Sacraments. 'Are all the doctrines of the Church founded upon the Scrip- tures? Not all the Catholic doctrines are to be found in the Bible. But none of them is opposed to any teaching of Scripture. Some Cath- olic doctrines are found directly recorded in Scpture; others are logically derived from teachings there; others are founded upon divine tradition. Scripture itself guarantees divine tradition to be a sound source of doctrine. Thus St. Paul wrote to the Thessalon- ians, "Brethren, stand fast, and hold the tradition which you have learned, whether by word or by our epistle." The traditions which the early Christians learned by word, and which were not included in the New Testament writings, have been preserved in the Catho- lic Church. T R A N G E BUT T R U Little-Known Facts for Catholics L. Rural Catholic Committee of the South by Rev. Anthony C. S. Sp. (General Diocesan It has been said that the country, and man town." The country, clasp, and beautiful, tim town, with el'ectric lights, gaudy dusty and=full of haste, and unrest. In the city arts may be studied and trade brings many from far away places, and exchange their wares change ideas too. ThiS mans' knowledge. In there is not so much to gain great wealth ss city, but there is not so danger of poverty nor so temptation to wrongdoing' rule, anyone who is dustrious, and thrifty can in either the city or the Every kind of work great deal of thought and: before we can do it. can be really happy and in any occupation we prepared for it in ways. We must have. We must be supplied wits ! some food. We must for play or relaxation, We need good school that we can keep on find out how best to use already know. Our keep on growing. are offered in 4-H Club in contests at fairs shows, and at County we may compare our ing with the skill of ly, we need a bright outlook on the future. have worthy hopes and we can never get very Farm life can supply all these needs. The that must be endured life are no greater than ships in any other line Through them we ance, we learn to face merits, and we learn to: ourselves to get out of Thus we develop self perseverance and ination. Life on the most interesting life, there is new life ing on the lambs and also the animals. These terest and attention; learn their nature bits, they stimulate ourselves in training doing this we learn the that to control otherS, animals of the farm, first learn to control There is a rare sense beauty that the farm. Bird's, forest the growing these we are majestic beauty even storms in the open darkness of night of croaking frogs the moon and the s sun as we see background of Country people do exclaim over these natural beauty is monplace with them._ With all this natural rounding it and the of God manifest in comes into being, life must be a wholesome able thing. The Home Sancbsm' Make your home In it let no harsh indelicate or profane tered. If not at at a fixed ily be Let the be chaste, with sound and be permitted in a No child ought to be temptation by its owr in its own home. Let the walls of beautiful with Divine Lord, of Hit er, and the saints; lures of the will be incentive vale virtue. sensational novel, illustrated lions tending to religion and be rigidly home. Have in room, your how small or cheaP, elf ix. Have at the her small vessel If you can't set God," at least have a room for Him. oratory. The Feast of clearly teaches imitating our loving union resembling her hope for a happy