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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
August 19, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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August 19, 1911

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IVE PRIN7" EVERYTHING-- BOOKS. LEGAL BLANKS, BLOTTERS, CARDS, LETTER HEAl)S, ENVELOPES, CA TALOGUES, FOLDERS, PRICE LISTS EUERYTHING. Latest Model Linotype SOME EFFECTS OF HOL COM- MUNION. Some weeks ago a prominent pro- fessional man from the East, who had after many entreaties succeeded in getting his little boy of nearly 6 years admitted to his first Holy Connnun- ion, was told hy friends that he had done wrong; that tile boy was too young; that although lie may know a good deal about our Holy Faith, he was not ahle to nnderstand nauch or to reason about it; that his knowledge was mechanical only. The father of the child then gave a proof of the ability of his son to rea- son. He writes: "One morning, after lily son and myself had gone to Holy Comnmnion, Everything New and Modern LET US SHOW YOU. WRITE OR COME TO 3 [5 MARKHAM, OR PHONE 7"0 5486. ALL ORDERS ATTENDED TO PROMP7"LY. FOR GOOD PRIN7"ING TRY US NOW. Tim Sottthern Guardian is a clean paper, both as to matter contained and me- chanical make-up. It is printed on tim same press and by tim same workmen who do our high-class job work. The Southern Guardian and The New Era Press employ none but first-class men and pay them the union scale. Let us figure on your next job. We will both lose money if you don't. Prompt attention to out-of-town or- ders. THE NEW ERA PRESS 315 Markham Little Rock EDUCATION. "Instruct thy son and he shall re- fresh thee and shall give delight to thy soul.'--Proverbs, xxix, 17. These words of an inspired author remind us of one of tlae most import- antone of the most far-reaching duties of parentsthe duty of edu- cating their children. On them that duty directly and primarily rests; but it is a duty so complex and vast that few parents can, by their individual efforts, fully satisfy the same. They must call on others for aid; they must choose a school for their children; they rriust determine the teacehrs to whom they will entrust the fnlfilhnent of a part of their sacred ohligation. As we are again on the' eve of the opening of schools for another chol- astic year, it will not be out of place' to say a few words on the kind of ed- ucation which Catholic parents must give their children, and hence on the nature of the school to which they must confide them. On this question the mind of the Church is clear, and she makes known her mind in no uncertain tones. In season and out of season she insitsts that no education which is not thor- oughly Catholic is fit for her chil- dren; that no school can prepare them to lead a truly Christian, Catholic life save a Catholic school, and this she maintains with regard to hoth pri- mary and secondary education, wffh regard to the school that is to begin the training of the little child, as well as the one that is to continue the de- velopment of the boys and girls who aer advancing to manhood and wom- anhood. For us Catholics this firm, unhesi- tating stand of the Church is a matter of such deep and vital moment that it ought alone to be decisive. Even if she were not under tile immediate guidance of the Holy Spirit in lahor- ing for the spiritual and eternal well heing of her children, the mere fact that she has hehind her centuries of experience ought to 1)e to us suffi- cient guarantee that she is right. Still, as there are Catholics who are blind- ed by the imaginary advantages of the public schools and other non-Catholic institutions of learning and who are not alive to the importanceto the ahsolute necessity--of a thorough re- ligious education, it will be worth our while to examine the question on its own merits, independently of the au- thority of the Church. We ask ourselves, therefore: Is this claim of' tile Church well found- ed? Do reason and experience testi- fy to the prudence and necessity of her legislation? Must we, on a cahn, dispassionate study of the question, come to the conclusion that the Church's idea of what constitutes ed- ucation is the only true one--the only safe one? These questions are answered best by trying to form a clear concept of what education really is. What do we mean when we say that parents are bound to educate their children? We mean that they must develop the whole child, and not only a part of it; that they must mature and per- fect its every faculty; that they nmst shape and mould the many-sided na- ture of the child in such a way as to tit it for the right performance of its manifold duties to itself, to its fellowman, and to God. Man is not a mere animal, and hence to supply the child with food and cloth:ng and a home is not tile whole of education. Its mental facul- ties, too, must he perfected--its mind, its imagination, its menlory; they must he so trained as to respond freely and actively to the demands of social intercourse; they must be made tit instruments to perform the num- herless duties that every calling in life brings with :t. Still, to accomplish all this is not yet to educate. This would suffice, if educating the child meant to make of it a more or less perfect reading, writing or ciphering machine. But man is more than a machine. He is a moral being, a free agent, endowed with a will, with affections, with a conscience. He has duties in the moral order that far surpass in im- portance the demands whidh the mer- ely material order can make oil him. He must be taught to love and seek what is good, to hate and to shun what is evil. He must be trained to right thinking and right living, and hence he must have deeply implanted in his soul a fixed, unchanging rule, which will guide him in his conduct. He must he made a man of charac- ter, a man who will have tile cour- age of his convictions, a man who will stand firm and immovahle, while trials and temptations surge in upon him. And for this lie must he imbued with lofty principles, that will inspire him with courage and constancy to take up the comhat daily against the foes that assail hinl within and with- out; with principles that will raise him ahove his own little self, and will steel him against sin and vice that reign about him. Unless he is thus fitted out for life --unless his moral nature is develop- ed and strengthened, his career nmst necesarily be a failure. This ahnost self-evident truth seems to have been lost sight of conlpletely by most mod- ern educators. Their panacea for all the ills that tile 'individual and so- ciety are heir to is education; hut by education they understand little than a cramming of tile child's nlind with facts, or at hest, they conceive education as a sharpening of the in- tellectnal side of man. All real mor- al training is wanting. True, they have tacked on ethics; they strive to ineulate nlorality; but it is a moral- ity without religion, a morality with- out God. Morality without God! What a monstrosity. It is like Imilding a magnificent editice of salad. Very lit- tle rain and wind will be needed to undernfine tile house and hring it toppling to the gromld. Morality with- out God! What is that hut a law without a lawgiver. And Where is teh utility, where the restraining power, of a law which has not the lawgiver hehind it to enforce it? The result is just what might have been expected. Statistics prove that crime has increased exactly in pro- portion with the growth of this one- sided education. It has, however, made our thieves more expert, our dishonest clerks sharper in their un- derhand practices, our unfaithful puh- lic officials better skilled in covering up their tracks of brihery and spec- ulation; in a word, it has made our criminals holder and more scientific in their wrongdoing, and, alas, more shameless too. Look at our livorce courts. /hat has hecome of the sanctity of the marriage tie? ls it not trne thtat too many matrimony is little less than legalized concub- inage? And did not our late chief executive feel constrained to direct tile eyes of the nation to a crime, which is sapping our life-blood, to a crime which has grown so rapidly in our midst within the last two or tliree decades, that now it may al- nlost be called our national sin? And how could all this be other- wise with an education that does not and cannot put a restraint on man's passions? How could it be otherwise with an education that places, and cannot help placing, before the child as its highest ideal, temporal sue- cesssuccess in hoarding up dollars, success in advancing to places of honor and power, success in making the hest of life? The child will be only too apt a student in learning a lesson that flatters its vanity, stinl- ulates its pride {nd panders to its haser inclinations. Success of this kind it will have, honorahly and hon- estly, if possihle;-hut if not thus, have it, it will, at any cost. Is there nothing to stem this down- ward course of our nation? Noth- ing to save our boys and girls from a like fate? Yes, there is one thing, and one thing alonereligion. Only when religion again holds sway in the hearts of our people may we hope to find our lnen and women pure, up- right, honest, fa;thful to God and to man. Religion, therefore, is a factor --it is the most important factor--in the education of the child. It is nec- essarily, first, to teach the child its supernatural end, its eternal destina- tion; to direct its thoughts above this passing world; to introduce it into that higher spiritual life which it must begin to live here in this world if it is to have the hope of continuing that life for all etrnity with God. Re- ligion is necessary, in the second place, hecause it alone, hy its sane- tions, can curl) man's unruly l/assions, can make him strong and invincihle in spite of every temptation; it alone can console him in sorrow and sustain him in affliction; it alone hridges over that awful gulf which all of us must pass when death calls us hence. But religion, to do all this, must be something vitallsomething that seizes upon the whole nature of a man. It nmst influence his whole life, and hence ii. must speak to the head and to the heart; it nmst control the affection, keel) watch over tile imag- ination, permit to the mind only use- ful and innocent thoughts; it nmst guide the conscience; it must inspire a love for virtne and a horror for sin, and it must do all this, not merely now and then, but at all times and under all circttmstances. Man mnst learn to live under its influence, act out its precepts, think and speak ac- cording to its laws, as unconscionsly as he breathes. This being the case, what folly to imagine that the religious needs of the child are satisfied by the half-hour catechetical instruction of a Sunday school! That may possibly teach him to know the bare essentials of his faith in a superficial way, but call that alone make religion the energizing power which it ought to be in the life of the child? If religion is later on to be an essential part of the grown- up man's life, if then it is to quicken his every thought and word and act it must lie made an essential factor in the child's life; it must be made to permeate his whole mental and moral activity, and this it will do only if it enters into his training at all times, at liome, and in school, as well as in he church. Weigh that well, Catholic parents. Remember that the happi- ness of your children here and here- after depends on the character of the educatiou which they receive. Will you dare to take on yourselves the awful responsibility of jeopardizing that hapl)iness hy refusing them a Catholic education, hecause to impart such an eduction in)plies labor and sacrifices on your part? Will you dare to weigh in the hal)nee their im- mortal souls with a little gold or an imaginary worldly advantage? You have at your door Catholic schools and academies and colleges which are equal, if not superior, to all other ;chools in imparting the secular hranches of learning, but besides that they offer your children the pearl be- yond pricea thorough religions edu- cation. Can you hesitate in makilJg your choice?--B. J. O., S. J. ORDINATION OF TWINS. Among the young priests ordained at the Catholic University recently were the Rev. Joseph Sullivan and the Rev. Daniel Sullivan. They are twins. They are the only sons of Mr. md Mrs. Daniel Sullivan of New Orleans. we were sitting at the breakfast table and when 1 asked tile boy to take some more hread lie answered: 'No, papa, you know Jesus is now in my heart, and as the stomach is just be- low the heart 1 do not want to crowd God.' " The father gave this hahy talk of his son as a proof that the latter had reason and does reason. Of course, who would say that a child who uses snch talk is not able to reason? We may well admit that he has the full use of reason, which is hy no means required by the Holy Father for the receiving of first Holy Comnmnion, "as only the heginning of the use of reason, or solne kind of nse of rea- son is required," as lie says. Nor is it required to reason correctly. I f that were reqnired, then most grown- up people wotfld have to ahstain from Holy Connnunion, This haby talk, as mentioned above, is certainly very edifying, although not correct. Yet the Divine Infant will snrely always 1)e very happy to hear His little friend talk almnt Him, no matter how. His knowledge is mechanical only? He does not understand the things which he has learned? Well, we surely do not claim that theologians only have the sufficient knowledge for Holy C o m nl n n io n. " Let its examine, though, into the correctness of that bahy talk ahout Jesus being in the heart. We may surmise that this little boy is not the only one who is convinced that tile first host which we receive goes di- rectly into the heart. Crown-up peo- ple, pious souls, have been found rather scandalized when they heard that the host did not get into tile heart, but is received into the stom- ach, like any other food, and tile ap- pearances of bread are there digested, and that Jesus with Histrue hody and blood is in us only as long as there is any apeparance of the shape of hread left in our stomach. How long a time dies that digestion take? Well, we odont know exactly. However, it cannot take very long until the small host which we are accustomed to receive is consumed, perhaps .a few nlinntes. It does not follow, of course, that the real presence of Jesus do not last much longer. We know that the heart in our hody is a nmscle of flesh,perhaps the strong- est muscle in the body, as it has to pump the blood all through the veins of the whole hmnan hody. Tiffs is quite a task, and requires great serength. The heart is taken as the symhol of love, which, after all, , sig- nifies great strength. "Love is as strong an an ocean." In our symbolic and devotional language the heart stands for will power, affection, love. We worship the material heart of Jesus in preference to other organs of His'sacred hody perhaps for the reason that with us the heart repre- sents to us the essence of strength and fullness of love. However, we also adore His sacred wounds. We may adore His whole hody or any part of it, hecause it is divine. His human nature, body and soul, to- gether with His divine nature, are un- suited in one Divine Person, the sec- ond in the Host Holy Trinity, so that we cannot separate those two na- tures. We can say, "God raised the dead to life and God wept." It is the same person who did hoth. Where, then, does Jesus go when we receive Him in Holy Comnmnion? Tile Church teachse us that Holy Communion is a nourishment for the soul. It is the soul, then, with which Jesus unites Himself, if the receiver takes Him with his will; if he has what the Holy Father calls a right in- tention. If, then, we want to look for the effects of Holy Communion we umst look into the soul. The k,e- nial sins and daily defects are taken from the soul. Tile intellect is made keener and sees things better as they are, and not as human frailty and shortsignedness presents them to us. The will is made stronger so that it may be able to resist temptations and passions. Th soul is filled with its God, hence a wonderful ahund- ance of graces is put into it. The soul thus receives a pledge and as- surance of its glorious resurrection in its own body, which will lie the :ransfornmtion into the body of Jesus. True, there are also effects of Holy Communion for our sinful bodies. But they are nat usually received di- rectly, but only indirectly through the soul, which informs our body. One of the usual effects of Holy Corn- reunion for our body is this, that it holds down the animal passions in ns, those passions which are a conse- quence of original sin, those revolt- , mg stings of the esh ahout which the 'great Apostle Paul lamented so much. He even asked our dear Lord several times to take them from him, but lie received the answer that they were left him in order to make him prac- tice and keep him in hmnility. We read in the lives of some saints that God took fill feelins of passion frolIa them. Such, however, is a speci;l. grace, to which none of us has a riglit. If Holy Conmmnion had no other ef- fect than the one we are just speak- ing of it would be enough indeed to induce anyone to go often, or rather every morning, if possihle. Many a person has practiced extraordinary penances, snch as fastings, disciplin- ing, watching, etc., in order to hold down his animal passions, only to find out after a while that it was useless. And then many would quit all of their exercises of devotion and mortification, and the, last things of such wonld he worse than the first. If they had taken often this wonder- ful food and practiced an ordinary watchfulness over their senses, es- pecially the eyes, avoiding at the same time the occasions of sitl, they would have accomplished in a won- derfuIly short time what others after nmch hard work barely attained. An- other effect of Holy Cmnmunion for the body is happiness, a freedom of nmvement and disposition, which is imparted through the soul. Often- times Holy Conmmnion restores the body to health, although this is done by special grace of our dear Lord. Even the praying before the Blessed Sacrament moy work hodily cures. "A virtue went ont from Him that cured all." He is the same today as lie was 2,ooo years ago. When I visited the great shrine at Lourdes, in South France, 1 was told that the l)rincipal cures there were accom- plished when tlenediction, with the Blessed Sacrament, is given after the )roession each night. Here Mary hrings her children to jesus, her Son, as she always does. Ah, my dear reader, is it not sad that we are so blind as not to see the treasure we have near us, so easily and often gotten at? ls it not doubly sad that a false zeal keeps that treas- ure away fro,n our (tear little children, when we know that our dear Lord longs for them so much, If you should think the child had to be kepe away froln Him because the child is so bad, please do his divine friend at least the favor to let Him love His little ones. If you refuse to make the child a present of his dear God, then at least make to our dear Lord the present of the child. REV. L. F. SCHLATHOELTER. Troy, Mo. SOME KENTUCKY HISTORY, TAKEN FROM THE RECORD. The first Catholic. free school for girls in Louisville was opened in the. basement of the St. Louis Church, on Ffth street, which later became the second Cathedral of the diocese, on Monday, May 29, I843. It was taught by a Sister of Charity of Nazareth. The Irish Franciscan Brothers opened the first free school for boys on Mar- ket street, near Seventh street. Seventy years ago the studies at St. Joseph's College, Bardstown, Ky., embraced Spanish, French, geometry, surveying, algebra, mensuration, Latin, Greek, drawing, music and the lowerthe elementaryIbranches. An Irishman, James Nolan, took the first premium in Spanish, a Spaniard, M. Lopez, that in French. Also seventy years ago the course of studies at St. Mary's College, Ken- tucky, embraced Spanish, French, Latin, Greek, astronomy, mythology, history and the elementary hranehes. Vincent St. Vrain, "Phomas Churchill and Joseph Kelley won the premium in Spanish and Arthur de Gruy in French. At Nazareth and other Kentucky in- stitutions seventy years ago were taugh botany, natural philosophy, French, chemistry rhetoric, history, music, painting, tapestry and all ele- mentary studies. The first Catholic infirmary in Louisvillt was the St. Vincent's In- firmary of the Sisters of Charity of Nazareth, under the manage'ment of Mother Catherine Spalding, on East Jefferson street, near Wenzel. In lune, 1842, it was opened for patients. Later it became the present St. Joseph's Infirmary on Fourth avenue. ZEALOUS MANAGERS. Theatrical managers are hecoming overzealous in catering to or in try- ing to attract the patronage of Cath- olic theatergoers. Already they have given us "The Rosary" and "The Confession," and now comes the an- nouncement of "The Angelus." Soon we may expect "The Crucifix," "The Benediction. O ) Scapular" and "the " ' ' ....... these managers.Denver Register. "-"