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August 19, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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August 19, 1911
 

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<-c:: , ,4 wise man always keeps a little in the bank I, ' ' ''i]u, ,,. I001 ,-------,.. ! | Ill A WEALTH IN TRAINING III THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN iii ! i iiii I III "Sea Water Ballads," by John Masetield. Those who love the swing of the windy seas will turn to this book and find music in its pages. Good poetry in these days is rarer than good prose, aud great epic verse, with its stately chant and organ note, is harder to discover than treasure hid in a tield. It is tile day of small viols and toy flutes. The volmne reminds one of Kipling's songs of many ,waters, but it moves here and there with a more delicate and pensive touch. "I nmst go down to the seas again, to the lonely sea aud sky, And all I ask is a tall ship and a star to steer her by; And the wheel's kick and the wind's song, and the white sail's shak- lug, And a gray mist on the sea's face and a grey dawn hreaking." Masefield is a new poet, and many will listen to him if he can give us more of such lovely singing as this "Lay her away in quiet old peaceful earth (Tiffs blossom of ours); She has done with the world's anger and the world's mirth, Sunshine and rain showers, And over the poor, sad, tired face of her, In the long grass above the place of her (.The grass which hides the glory and the grace of her), Maythe spring bring the flowers." He has writtena few novels and lays full of the gloom and oppression of the burden of humanity, but the full be;mty of his charm is in the lyric note, and not in the deep-toned hess of tragedy. C. DECKER. CATHOLIC TOLERANCE. When the English Tory finds him- self in a difficulty for the want of an argument against home rule he gen- erally siezes upon that of the ex- ploded dictmn that home rule means Rouse rule. Tales are conjured up of the awful intolea::ce of Catholics towards their Protestant neighbors, until it would seem that Catholicism was a species of demon stalking the country to crush to a pul t ) all who did not subscribe to its tenets. It is therefore, says the Catholic Herald perhaps worth while to examine the facts dispassionately, so that it may he seen what is the attitude of the Catholic majority in Ireland towards the non-Catholic minority. The per- centage of Catholics in Ireland at present is about 74.2 of the popula- tion. Eighteen years ago the per- centage was 80.9. The causes which have brought about tile decrease are too well known to need recapitula- tion here, and are outside the scope of this article, though it might be said that if our Irish Catholics were less tolerant there would not be this decrease. The remainder of the population in Ireland at present may he based at Episcopalians, I3.O3 per cent, and Presbyterians, and Methodists, ]o per cent. If we take the Irish representa- fives in the House of Commons and leave out the Ulster Tories, it will at once be seen that not only is the Protestant minority w,ell represented, but that the non-Catholic members such as Stephen Gwyn, Swift, Mc- Neil, Captain Donnelan, Samuel Young, Hugh Law and others he all been returned for constituees in whicll Catholics are considebly in the majority. These men are con- tinually giving the lie to the cry of Catholic intolerance, and Mr. Gwyn particularly is tireless in his efforts to prove the fallacy of this cry of higotry. Mr. Redmond, speaking of! this matter a short time back, pointed out that of tile one hundred and three Irish members, twenty-seven were Protestants, yet Great Britain, which sent to Parliament five hunded and sixty-seven memhers, only returned five who were Catholics. But let us leave Westminster and see what is the case in Ireland itself. pThe hest criterion is to be found in the public positions to which salaries are.attached. In Cork, which has the largest Catholic population of any county in Ireland, the Protestant paid officials form, though their co-relig- ionists are only Jo per cent of the population, twenty-one per cent of the county officials, In the positions un- der the County Council one hundred and nineteen are .held by Catholics and twenty-four by Protestants, while the Committee 0g Agriculture have appointed an equal number of Cath- olic and Protestant officials, in Gal- way, where Protestant are only six per cent of the population, highrpaid offices are held by nineteen per cent, whilst in Cavan, where there are fifty- six paid officials, twenty-six of them are Protestants. The highest paid po- sition in' the. cotmty, which has a sal- ary of $3,000, is held by a Protestant, whilst there is not a single Catholic in receipt of more than $I,5oo per annum. It is tile same throughout the whole i [] [] [] While the plan of putting aside a dollar each week rdl will not of itself make you a man of wealth, it is never- theless true that there is no better training for the young man or woman just forming life habits. If carried on for several years, this plan of banking a part of the earnings becomes an excellent habit, for it means you have mastered your expenses and expendi- tures and are living on less than you earn. We would not urge you to start an account with this bank were we not positive that the advantages of such an account are greatly in your favor. [] i co i c*""0000god ssb00.00$d 201 W. Second St. PRIEST PLEADS FOR RESPECT OF LAWS. Monsignor Devine is the partor of St. John's Church, in Baltimore. He believes in strict observance of the laws and emphasizes that belief ill the following words: "The spirit of tile world today is the spirit of the d'evilthe spirit of infiedlity and of resistance to" legiti- mate authority. It is this spirit that is leading our young men astray and against which fathers and mothers should warn their children. Laws are given to us to obey. Superiors are placed over us to receive our loy- alty and submission. We must have love and respect for those who bare been commissioned to guide us--the President of the United States, Con- gress, the Governor, the Mayor, the City Council ned the policeman on the beat. "The last-named is in the fullest sense of the woi'd a minister of God, one whose duty it is to preserve t!te rights of others and to see that these rights are erspected. He is there to defend us. Therefore our people-- our young men especially--should learn to look up to him and give him unswerving obedience. He carries the standard of'the law and has been appointed as guardian and defender of the law. He who attacks him at- tacks that which was made for our welfare and advancement. "I am sorry to say that we do not always seem to realize this. Children are wont to avoid the policemanto run away from himto look upon him as an enemy to be despised. This is not the proper spirit. Parents should see that this fault is remedied and that the man who is helping us to preserve order be assisted in every possihle way. Catholics should be in the front to prove their loyalty to civic authority. They can best do this by giving their unstinted co-operation to those who enforce thena. We can- not serve God and disobey the State in whatever is right and just." ,FEAST OF ASSUMPTION. Church Commemorates Translation of Christ's Blessed Mother Into HeavenGreatest of All Feasts in Honor of Mary. .Last Tuesday, August 15, was the Feast of the Assmnption of the Bless- ed Virgin Mary. On this festival the Church commemorated the happy de- parture from life of the Blessed Vir- gin and her translation into the king- dora of her Son, Jesus Christ, in which she received from Him a crown of immortal glory and a throne, above all t he other saints and" heaJ'enly spirits. After Christ, as the triumph- ant conquerer of death attd bell, as- cended into heaven His Blessed Mother remained at Jerusalem, pre- serving in prayer with the disciples, till with them she had received the Holy Ghost. She lived to an ad- vanced age, but tinally paid the com- mon debt of nature, none among the children of Ada,n being exempt front that'rigorous law. But the death of the saints is rather to be called a I sweet sleep than death much more that of the Queen of Saints, who has been exempt from all sin. ]tis a tra- ditionary pious belief that the hody of the Blessed Virgin Mary was raised by God soon after her death and taken up to glory, by a singular privi -! lege, before the general resurrection of the dead. The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary is the greatest of all the festivals which the Church celebrates in her honor. It is the con- summation of all the other mysteries by which her life was rendered most wonderful it is a birthday of her true' greatness and glory, and the crowning of all tile virtues of her whole life, which we admire singly in her other festivals. The Feast of the Assumption was a holy day of obligation and was ob- served in all the churches. THE BOOKSHELF. ;'Tit Far Horizon," by Lucas Malet (published by Dodd, Mead & Co., New York.). The gifted author of this noble book is the daughter of Charles Kingsley, who will always be remembered by his controversy with Cardinal Newman, and she is a con- vert to the Church. The ruling prm- ciples in the book are Catholic, ann they are beautifully brought out in their effects on the mind and temper- ament of the hero, who is a faithful child of the Church. The author un- derstands the life of the world and the life of the Spirit, and the skill with which she has developed their action upon each other is a delightful piece of art. The pleasure of the book is two-fold, for the spiritual as well as the artistic sense is touched and stim- ulated, and this uot by the prodding nudges of the demagogue or the com- monplaces which become dull and heavy for lack of proportion and dis- crimination,b ut hy the beauty which is a real joy for every(he serene loy- alty and the solemn splendor of obe- dience to priceless principle. "Beautiful in death as in life, se- rene, proud, austere, but young now with the eternal youth of those who have believed and attained attd reach- ed tile land of the far horizon, Domi- nic lglesais lay before her * * * and kneeling upon the vacant prie- due, beside the littl enun, buried h0r painted face in her hands and wept." Thus ends the book, which is a rare treasure amid the dreary stream of novels with their paltry experiments with the passing moment We shall be gladto have a share of the business of the readers of this laper. Bankings4 Per Cent on Savings Accounts. Mortgage Loans on Little Rock Real Estate. Rentals and Property Management. Fire InsuranceStrong Companies. Ci tizens' InvesCtment 00ind Security Company 210 West Second Street Little Rock, Arkansa I III I II McClerkin's Drug Store i SEVENTH AND MAIN Carries at all times a complete line of Sick Room Supplies. Our Prescription Department is in the hands of competent registered pharmacists, and your proscription will be filled just as the doctor wrote it. Telephone us your wants and our messenger service will de- liver same promptly. TELEPHONE 576 I I I! of the country. In Sligo the three best-paid positions in tile county are held by Protestants, and in Clare, where Catholics are ninety-eight per cent of the population, all the best- paying l)ositions under the County Council are held by Protestants. The County Surveyor, his three assistant surveyors, his chief clerk and the Secretary to the Council are all non- Catholics. \\;Vhat greater calumny could be uttered than to accuse Sligo Catholics of persecuting those who differ from thenl on religious grounds In Kerr, where li'rotestants are in a minority of three per cent of the in- habitants, the percentage of Protest- ants holding paid official positions is seventeen. What is the position of Mayor? Here the Catholics are ninty-ight per cent of the poulation, yet only eighty-nine percent of the salaried positions are heht 1)y Cath- olics. Tile tigures for King's County are even more lunainous. "Here the Catholic population is based at eighty-.nine per cent, and only shout half of tile offices are possessed by Catholics. In Tipperary, where Cath- olics form ninety-four per cent of the population, there are seventeen Prot- est paid officials to forty-three Cah- loies. If we turn to the Protestant por- tion of the country how different do we find the position. In the four counties forming the Ulster province the number of paid pulflic positions held by Catholics is unreasonably dis- proportionate to their nmnber. In Tyrone and Fermanagh, where the percentage of Catholics in each in- stance is, in round figures, fifty-five percent, the percentage of Protest- ants in office is ninety and seventy- seven, respectively. Notwithstanding that Catholics form the majority of tile inhabitants of Fermanagh, tile County Council consists of ten Cath olicsand seventeen Protestants. The officers of the council, including su- perannuated officers, are in receipt of salaries and allowances amounting to ;z5,335, whilst the total amount paid to Catholic officials is uuder $3,200, and not a solitary Catholic official is in receipt of more than $300 per an- nul'n. Armagh has fifty-eight alaried offices, hut only three are held by Catholics. A similar state of affairs .,xists in Antrim. Tile percentage of mpulation is: Catholics, twenty-six; Protestants, seventy-four; yet Cath- olics hold only eight per cent of the official positions. The foregoing fig- ures are all'authoritative, and might be multiplied over and over again. The fact of the matter is that Cath- olics in Ireland aer toleant to a fault, and do not demand a just share of the plums of offives. It is a notorious fact that the leading positions on the various railways are mostly held by Protestants, though the majority of the shareholders are Catholics. In T. W. Russell's Veterinary Depart- merit the t:'rotestants are in the as- cendancy, and only the minor posi- tions arc held by Catholics. This, however, is mainly to be attributed to the higher Protestant officials, who capture for their friends all the sweets of office. The ligures quoted above should prove t9 the most bigoted partisan of a Unionist that Protestants in Ireland are by no means handicapl)ed on ac- count of their religion. But, if fro'thor proof were wanted, it may be had from the Protestants themselves. The writer has had the opportunity of seeing scores of let- ters from Protestant ministers and other leading non-Catholics testify- ing to the good nature of the Irish Catholics in this respect Only a few monthes ago there apepared in the press a letter from Canon Moore of Mitchelstown, in which he condemns as "too hasty and too sweel)ing" a statement of another correspondent that "the introduction of local govern- ment has plased all power and patron- age in thands hostile to the (Protest- ant) Church. Canon Moore gives a numher of concrete instances to dis- prove the corerspondent's ch+lbrges. Canon More is not a home ruler, yet he says: "'l have, without the slightest solicitation on my own part, heen unanimously elected a lnend)er of the County Committee of Techni- cal Instruction, of which the Catholic Bishop of the diocese is chairman." Canon Moore's is not an isolated po- sition, and similar assurances could be had from most of the Protestant ministers in the country if they would but speak their actual mind: There can be no doubt that, as a minority, the non-Catholics of Ireland are in a far better position to enjoy greater privileges than any minorities in other countries. In most places mi- norities suffer as a result of the few- ness of their numbers, but in Ireland this is certainly not the case. The Celtic temperament is naturally too sensitive to injustice to be guilty of general intolerance, and, as a people, there is no more large-minded race on the face of the globe.--The Mon- itor. FORRESTERS TO LOUISVILLE FOR NEXT ANNUAL MEET. Tile Catholic Order of Forersters closed its national convention at Cleveland, Ohio, on Friday of last week and decided to hold the next conventiou in Lc)nisville. Thomas H. Cannon of Chicago was re-elected to the office of High Chief Ranger. Simeon Viger of Lawrence, Mass., was chosen Vice High Chief Ranger. Other officers were chosen as follows: Thomas McDonah!, Chicago, High, Chief Secretary'; Gustave Keller, Ap- pleton, XVis., High Chief Treasurer; Dr. J. I:'. Smyth, Chicago, Chief Med- ical Examiner. Trustees, John E. Stephan, j. I:. O'Brien, Thomas P. Flynn, Louis J. Heihoff, all of Chica- go; M. J. Herhert, Cleveland; M. H. Korn, Memmfinee, Mich.; Julius A. Collar, Shakopee, Minn., and Michael Morghan, Ontario. SOME PROMOTIONS. Monsignor Fachmio has announced that he had been notified from Rome that the Pope had nominated the Rt. Rev. Jolm J. Keane of Cheyenne, Wyo., to he Archbishop of Dubuque, and that Monsignor Sehrembs, who was recently consecrated Auxiliary 13ishop of Grand Rapids, to be the first Bishop of the new diocese of "l:oledo. ........................................................................ 2. ...... ..... 77 ............... ,--:--: ........ 2Li77+.7. -- 7-.7 ....................... CURIOUS BITS OF HISTORY ii i i i L By A. W. Macy. PUNISHING ANIMALS A8 CRIMINALS. There were some queer do- ings in the Middle Ages. For Instance, criminal laws were sometimes enforced against of- fending animals. It is a mat- ter of record that in 12S6, at Fontenay, near Paris, a pig was publicly burned for having de- voured a child. In 1336 a judge at Falalse condemned a sow to be mutilated In her legs and head, and then hanged, for having lacerated and killed a child. She was executed In the public square, dressed In a man's clothing. In 1389 a horse was tried at Dijon and con- demned to death for having killed a man. In 1499 a bull wab condemned to death at Canroy for killing a boy. In Ireland, in 1383, a cock was convicted of having laid an egg which hatched out a reptile. i i (Copyright, 1911, by Joseph B. 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