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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
August 19, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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August 19, 1911

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,go 'our THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY OF THE DIOCESE OF LITTLE ROCK BUSINESS OFFICE: 315 W. MARKHAM ST., LITTLE ROCK, ARK. RT. REV. J. M. LUCEY,V. G., V.L. SPALDING: Editar Business Manager DR. A. STOCKER, (2). S. B., Editorial Writer. SUBSCRIPTION $1.50 THE YEAR OFFICIAL APPROVAL. The Soufllern Guardian is the official organ of the diocese of Little Rock, and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion in the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion which we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere 'hope that its career may be long! and prosperous.--John B. iX{orris, Bishop of Little Rock. .of THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN ,, I as it were, the nmsclcs of our will. Every self-asser- tion of our will increases its energy. Now, in fasting our will asserts its superiority over our appetite, and, having gained an ascendancy along this particular line, it awes the appetite into submission along other lines of its cravilgs. The prestige of our will among our unruly inclinations grows with each decided stand it takes against their demands. The inclination to take food is not sinful; it is natural and imperative in pro- portion to the health of our tmture. And just because this inclination is innocent it serves as a suitable instru- ment of practicing will cultttre. To bring our inclina- tions into contact with dangerous objects for the sake of practice would be presumptious, but such objects will present themselves on the path of life, and the will that has gained power of resistance by occasional ab- stinence from food, as to qnantity and quality, is properly equipped to maintain its equilibrium against even formidable odds. Soldiers fight sham battles with harnfless cartridges in time of peace, thal: they may be prepared to use bullets with killing effect in time of war. Does not this calculation leave the grace of God out of consideration? Not at all. We know and pro- fess that we can do salutary work without the grace of God. But grace is grafted upon nature, and you may graft a noble fruit-bearing branch on a wild or barren tree, but not on a rotten trunk. If our nature ..... --1'--=:'='==='--7=--" ..... -- ..... ":='--'=''--r" "' were entirely corrupted there would be no basis for SATURDAY, AUGUST 19, 1911, grace, except through the preceding miracle of a re- creation of our nature. I-].ence God, having no hope for a reformation of the corrupt human race at the time of Noah, destroyed it in" the flood and saved only one fanfily as the root stock of a new and better gen- eration. Likewise the effeminate polmlation of old Rome was partly wiped away, partly innoculated with healthier elements from barbaric tribes, to become sus- ceptible of Christian civilization. Grace lms two functionsto heal wounds of our nature and to elevate our soul, with its faculties, to a higher level, so as to set it in proportion with the super- natural end to be reached and the latter, or elevating grace, depends in its operation on the success of the former, or medicinal grace just as, in tim natural order, our working capacity depends on a good condi- tion of health. Now, it seem to us that our cowardly neglect of penitential exercises is the real reason why the grace of God so often falls short of being effica- cious. To cure such an extraordinary infirmity as our continual yielding to natural impulses has occasioned would require a medicinal grace of miracuolus power, and as, in the visible order, miracles are of rare oc- currence, we cannot expect miraculous happenings as a regular occurrence in the invisible order. This is nothing else but an interpretation of St. Augustine's saying, "God, who created us witllout us. does not save us without us." The grace of God does not accomplish everything, though without it we can do nothing. The great principle of mortification and self-denial, which underlies so many rules and regula- tion of the Church. has a deep psychological root, and if the lmman race is to be brought back to Christ tiffs principle may not be set at naught. , : AN ARKANSAW BIGOT. In the Glenwood News of July 28, pulflished in Glenwood, Ark., is an article, "A Bugle Call to Action From the West." For feyerish scurrility and colossal ignorance of the Church, and for a lack .of the ordi- nary ethics of decency, it is equal to the pahny days of "Knownothingism." The article is copied from a publication called The Menace, and bears the signature of "American Patriot." The real "bugle call" appears at the end: "Readers, subscribe for the Menace and get your friends to. Four pages weekly, 25 cents a year." An extreme bigot always exhibits certain well- known features in contrast to those earnest souls who realize that differences of opinion should be tempered with charity. The religious bigot is rarely original; the same old, vague tirades and silly accusations go tlarough their pantomime as they did in the begnming and as they will continue to do while the species exists. It is one thing to make a broad statement about any- thing in the world, but the task of proving them is quite a different matter. If the "American Patriot" would prove his claims, that the American press is "muzzled," and why "all true Americans cannot sleep in the pilot house now," and how the Pope and Cardinal Gibbons "can grab the United States," we should have to wait in vain. As it is, this "American Patriot" is neither Ameri- can nor Iiatriotic, and knows nothing of that dignified freedom and charity which are truly American and truly patriotic. The Catholic Church does not deal with frothy tic- tions or the midsummer dreams of madness, but with those steady facts which stand by themselves and which alone form tangible grounds for discussion. The Southern Guardian has one of the best, not the biggest, printing plants in tim South. The nmchinery, the type, in fact the entire equipment, are new and modern in every particular. We are prepared to do all kinds of commercial printing in competition with any ot'fice in Little Rock. This is a broad statement, but we mean it, and can show you we are in earnest. If you will give us a trial we!ll deliver the goods to your entire satisfaction. The next time you have any print- ing to be donebooks, pamplflets, programs, letter heads, envelopes, cards, hand bills. 1)osters or whatever the kind--come around to 315 West Markham, or mail us your order and let us show you. You may have a neighbor or friend who wants sontetlfing printed. If so, invite them around. Remember also, Tim Southern Guardian has a Statewide circulation and is therefore a splendid advertising medimn. We would appreci- ate it very much if our readers would patronize those who patronize us; if in no other way kindly say in passing, "I saw your ad in The Southern Guardian." Mexico's new Catholic pariy is a strong organiza- tion formed to secure real religious liberty in tim much-troubled Republic. This is the truth, though the non-Catholics and the Clmrch organizations are trying to show that the Cotholics of Mexico are bactdng a new revolution. "Faith crushed to earth will rise again," and the new Catholic party in Mexico will sooner or later prove its opponents to be falsifiers. Father Dempsey, who has so successfully con- ducted his famous hotel for worldng men in St. Louis, is now arranging to conduct a similar hotel for work- ing women. Archbishop Glennon approves of the new venture. DIVORCE IN THE CHURCH. The Church, in perfect agreement with the teach- ing of the Bible, admits no divorce ; that is, the bond of Christian matrimony, once legitimately tied and ratified by conjugal cohabitation, cannot be dissolved except by death. To this rule there is no exception. There are, however, two exceptions in favor of matrimony that has not been ratified by conjugal co- habitation. If it can be provedand the proof nmst be strictly above suspicionthat, in a certain case, no marital relation has occurred between lmsband and wife, though duly and legitimately married, the Vicar of Christ. by tim plentitude of power granted him, can dissolve the matrinaonial bond. Likewise the Church grantes two months of delib- eration to married people, within which period neither party is obliged to render the marriage debt. If, then always supposing that conjugal cohabitation has not taken place--one of the parties enters, within flint time, a religious order, the marriage bond is ,lissoh, ed by the solenm religious profession of this party. The party remaining in the world would then be vt liberty to marry again. However, this is a rather imaginary case, for marriage ceremony is not the ordinary, pre- amble of a religious vocation, and persons ought to definitely make up their tninds before they decide uprm tim married state of life. Very frequently, it seems to us, a stepping back after marriage would invoh'e art injustice against the other party concerned. Again, there is an exception in'favor of a marriage between unbaptized persons. Such a marriage is, per se, indissoluble, according to natural law. But if one of the parties embrace the Christian religion and is baptized, and the unbaptized marriage partner refuses to live peacefully with the convert, the matrimonial bond may be dissolved ttowever, the Church must take cognizance of each individual case and see that everything is done in conformity with the teaching of St. Paul (I Cor., vii). Excluding, th'eu ,all divorces in ratified Christian marriages, the Church tolerates a separa'tion of hus- band and wife under certain conditions. With her authority, but never on their own initiative, married people may even get a divorce before a court'of law, for the sole purpose, however, of securing legal effects to a separation previously authorized by the Church. No matter what the tenor of the divorce sentence may be, it never enables Catholic divorcees to marry again. Should they attempt marriage nevertheless they would thereby excommunicate themselves from the Chttrch. What causes most confusion in the minds of sonle Catholics is the fact that the Church sometixaes sanc- tions the marriage of divorced ,persons. However, the whole confusion arises from a want or agreemeut between civil and ecclesiastical legislation concermng marriage. Thus it happens that many marriages for which license is issued by a civil authority are no mar- riages in the eyes of tim Church, and as a consequence many divorces granted by civil courts do not really constitute divorced persons in the eyes of the Clmrch, If those are divorced who. according to ecclesiastical law, never had been married, the Church is not incon- sistent in allowing such persons to marry again, or rather to marry, for, from the viewpoint of the Church, they were not married before. Whenever then, the Clmrch sanctions the marriage of divorced persons it is the case of such as, according to ecclesi- astical legislation, had not been married. It does not come within the scope of the present discussion to prove the attthoritv of tim Clmrch re- garding the enactment of laws binding in conscience. It Is' based on Christ's saying, Whatever,, you bind 1 also he bound m leaven Some on earth shal " - .. , , diffi- culty might arise with regard to non-Catholics, whose marriages are sometinms judged in accordauce with" ecclesiastical legislation. Be it sufficient to remark that the Church lets non-Catholics and their marriages alone as long as they let the Church alone, but if a non- Catholic becomes a Catholic or wishes to marry a Cath- olic he comes within the zone of Catholic'legislation. A FAST BEFORE A FEAST. As prehtdes to great feastswitness, for in- stance, the eve of the Asumption the Church has appointed fast days. This regulation shows one lmr- pose of fasting, viz,, to abstract the soul from earthly things ;,nd make it more receptive of heavenly bless- ings. In accordance witl: out" composite nature we have two points of gravitationthe earth, on azcount of its ldnship with our body, and heaven, on account of its kinship with our soul. But our soul is so intimately united with the ntaterial part of our being, and ,the gravitating force of the earth occupies such a vantage ground, that, unless me manage by persistent efforts to isolate ourselves against the magn.etic attraction of the earth, the soul's center of gravitation never attains to a full display of its dytmmic influence. Hence we employ fasting and other penitential exercises against the undue eneroachnaents of earthly attractions. However, this view does not exhaust the whole sig- nificance of fasting. Fasting .develops and strengthens, In coimection with the National Convention of the American Federation of Catholic Societies a conven- tion of the editors and managers of the Catholic press will be held at Cohunbus, Ohio, on August 24 and 25. This is the first convention of Catholic editors ever held in this country, and nmch good is expected to re- sult from the meeting. Through the medium of the Catholic press the church and tlm cause of Christianity is being greatly helped and advanced. Every Catholic household should be well equipped with good Caflaolic papers. Macon, Ga., is wise in sending men to Little Rock to find out how to arrange for the next reunion of the Confederate Veterans. Tiffs suggestion might be timely, hence we suggest to those who are searching for what is best. Find out what Little Rock did and how it was done, then go thou and do likewise. The present is a good time to make. plans for the schooling of your boy or gM this fall. In the colunms of this paper you will find the advertisements of reli- able institutions that will gladly give you more com- plete information about their facilities on request. Commenting on the Encyclopedia Britannica, America says: "It is not up to date it is not fair; it is not well-informed ; it repeats old calunmies that have been a thousand times refuted, and it persistently se- lects the Church's enemies who hold her up to ridicule and contempt. We are sorry for those who have been lavish in their praises of a book which is so defective, so prejudiced, so misleading and so insulting. Many nfillions of Christians will consider some of its article:i nothing less than blasphenaous." Even in this good day and age, when everybodyis signing peace treaties and working for universal lu,'- mony, Tom Watson, magazine writer, has declared v. " on the' Catholics. :_T  To remind our Catholic friends that they can do a great deal of good by lending a helping hand to Tim Southern Guardian we quote below what Pope Pius X says of the Catholic press : "In vain you will build churches, give missions, found schools--all your work, all your efforts will be destroyed if you are not able to wield the defensive and offensive weapon of a loyal and sincere Catholic press." ,. ,::2:..2?: "7:: ":. ::: ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ============================= - -'L7-'-----2=.7722--" .-2 ..... 27---- \\;22- 2- -----2:::=2":7"---_ ........ ::::::2- PITHY PARAGRAPHS. , CATHOLIC ITEMS. Henry E. \\;,Vessling to be ordained to \\;Virile the government is getting after the oi ltrust and the steel trust and the tobacco trust and a hnndred other trusts we wonder f they will ever catch the church goods trust. Catholic Advance. The best. if not the only, preventive of the juvenile immorality which is re- ported as rife in the public schools is religious instruction which teaches the child that his body is the earthly tem- ple of his immortal soul; that any un- clean thought or word or act deftles this precious soul for which Jesus Christ died. and will most assuredly be punished by God. The more the sex question is discussed the worse conditions complained of will become. Lead the childish mind away from the vulgar and the impure and inculcate what is chaste and lofty. A little old- fashioned modesty would be no bad thing to teach to the rising genera- tion.--Northwest Progress. The Catholic Union and Times. of Buffalo, says: "Although a very serious and earnest man. Father Bernard Vaughn, S. J., appears also to be possessed of a vein of humor. Recently a miss:on was given by him in tfaverhill, Eughmd. aud in reply to the "No-Popery" bills of the Protestant Alliance Father Vanghan posted the town with his "Know Popery" advertisements, a clever par- ody of the usual "reformer's" hand- hill. The plan proved very effective and the "No-Popery" contingent was completely routed. The moral standard has been raised and the good man is no longer simply one who abstains from wrong, but oue who, like Christ. goes about to serve and to help. The attractive fo1"ces are faith sympathy, reverence and love, not philosophical or theological ideas and argnments. In loving and serving onr brothers whom we see we love and serve God wholn we see not. Tertullian. in his "Apology," tells us that the crimes which in his time excluded from Christiau privileges were murder, idolatry, theft, fraud, ly- lug, 1)lasphemy, adultery, fornication cud the like. Men and women today indulge in some of these prohibitions and still consider themselves Chris- tians. Lying is very comnmn; fraud we lind evrywhere; for adultery read the llst of divorces.--Catholic Chron- icle. Kind words are the music of the world. They have a power which seems to he beyond natural canses. There is hardly a power on earth equal to them. To educate children properly and to bring them up in the fear and love of God parents must be really good themselves. Every rule has itsexcep- tions, yet Christ says, "Every good tree bringeth forth good fruit." In this country the Little Sisters of the Poor conduct fifty-one homes for the aged poor. Perhaps the largest is that at Baltimore, which accomnao- dates 1,2oo inmates. "Ve have a very beautiful custom of putting flowers upon thc graves of our dead and of telling in prose and poetry of their excellencies and faith- fulness, but we plead for flowers for the living, words of cheer and hope for ears that hear. Archbishop Farley of New York has kindly giveu $5oo towards the erection of a residence for the Car- melite Fathers at Otisville, N. Y. These l:athers have receutly taken charge of the Catholics of a large country district, including the New York Tuberculosis santtarium at Otis- ville. Preaching in St. Louis the other day, a Methodist miuister said: "Whenever the devil takes a vacation 1 will. But. far from taking a vaca- tion, the devil's busy time is the sum- mer. Then he lays up enough devil- ment in cold storage to last through the winter," Henceforth. in the Catholic diocese of London. Ontario, the Bishop's car- riage will be a modern $5,ooo touring car, a gift to Rt. Rev. M 1:. Fallon. D. D., from seventy-five or eighty priests under his jurisdiction. His Grace. the Archbishop of St Louis, has established an "Archdio- cesan Trust Fund Association" to mauage the treasury funds for dioce- san purposes. There are thousands of dollars put aside by wills of Cath- olics who have passed away and wished to continue doing good in this world.--Catholic Advance. Rt: Rev. Bishop Tihen of Lincoln will deliver the prin'cipal address at the Fourth Degree initiation in Oma- ho on Columbus Day, October 12. Preparations for the big event iu Knights of Columhus circles are about completed, and one of the largest classe ever assemMed west of Chi- cago may be looked for. More than twenty-five thousand Knights of Columbus in Greater New York and vicinity are taking a very active interest in the arrangements being made by Brooklyn Council No. 6o to celebrate the twentieth anniver- sary of the order's establishment in the State of New York. The import- ance of the event has prompted the members of the pioneer council to prepare an anniversary program that will be of a week's duration, begin- ning on Sunday, September IO. A naovement has been set on foot for the formation of a world's feder- ation of Catholic societies along the lines of the American Federation. A formal proposition has been made by the Catholic societies of America to the Westminster Federation Council of London, which has acted favorably on the proposal, attd has asked Arch- bishop Bourne of Westminster for his approval of the project. Au ancient and valuable treasury of church articles has just been unearth- ed heneath the flooring of an old Au- gustinian mo.nastery in Saxony. They are of gold and silver, set with splen- did jewels, and are of high artistic handiwork. It is quite certain that they were huffed there by the last of the lnonks in the yea/' 1525. Among the presents received hy President and Mrs. Taft on the twen- ty-fifth anniversary of their marriage was an exquisite crucifix that was pre- sented with a letter of felicitations and good wishes by a Jesuit priest. It is worthy of remark that of the five colonial premiers now assembled in England for the imperial confer- e:ce no fewer than three are Catho- lic. namely, those of Canada, Sir Wilfred Laurier; of New Zealand, Sir Joseph Ward, and of New Found- land, Sit' Edward Morris. The Catholic Truth Society, one of San Francisco's most flourishing or- ganizations, but destroyed hy the fire of 19o6. is to be revived. The Paulist Fathers will have charge of the work under the direct supervision of his grace. Archbishop Riordan. Application has just been made to the Pope for a dispensation allowing the priesthood, although he is totally blind. While studying at Canisus College, Buffalo, last year Mr. \\;Vess- ling lost his sight experimenting with acids. Under the laws of the Church blindness would be an obstacle to his attamment of the priesthood. The appeal for a dispensation in this case has the endorsement of Arclflfishop Falconio. According to the reliahle statistics of Die Katcholischen Missionen. the number of Catholics in China m 19o9 was 1.210.054. This in- crease of 667,39o in the number of Chinese Catholics during twenty years. One chief reason why Catholic books are not read, says an exchange, is because they are not advertised. Catholic people do not kv.ow of tilem and therefore they do not purchase them. PRIESTS' VESTMENTS. Symbolic meaning of Those Worn in Celebrating Mass. "Why does he wear that vestment?" It is a question often asked by non- Catholics who attend the nuptial Mass of a friend or a Requiem Mass fur a departed one. The Catholic Church- has prescribed vestntents for the priest to renfind the congregation that he ministers at the altar, not in his own person, but as the representative of Christ, ' and that he celebrates a most sacred and ivine mystery, says an exchange. The vestments worn by the priests at the Mass are the amice or shoulder cloth of linen, which is first laid upon the head of the priest, signifies "the hehnet of salvation," with which the priest arms himself against assaults of the evil spirit. The alb. a long white garment, is symbolical of the Apostles' innocense and perfect purity of soul and body, with which the cincture is a symbol of priestly con- tinence and chastity. The mauiple borne on the left arm is a symbol of priest should approach the altar. The penance and of the cares and burdens of the priestly calling. The stole was formerly an entire garment; indeed, a splendid garb of honor and dignity; now, however, at is but a narrow strip placed over the shoulder and crossed upon the berast. It is worn, not only during the Mass, but also at performances of every priestly function. Worn over the shoulder, it signifies that the priest in his calling assumes the sweet yoke of the Lord. As a garb of splendor it symbolizes the robe of immortality. The chasuble or outer garment s a symbol of charity and of the yoke of the Lord. which the priest joyfully bears. The covering for the head worn by the priest is called a biretta. The cope is the vestment worn over the shoulders in processions at col- emn Vespers, at hlessings and at 13enediction. KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS FIND KENTUCKY BOY.. The Aberdeen (S. D.) Council of the Knights of Columbus was recent- ly called upon to locate, if possible, and return to West Louisville. Ky., J. M. Shoemaker, a member of the West Louisville Council, whose whereabouts were not known except that he was in Dakota. Shoemaker had been holding down a claim in northwestern South Da- kota, but when the druoth came he se- cured leave of absence and secured work on a iarm in Brown County, a few miels from Aberdeen. The lnes- sage came from the Kentucky lodge, addressed to the secretary of the Aberdeen lorge, and stating that if Shoemaker could be found he should return home at once, the Kentucky lodge paying for his transportatiou, if necessary, to enable him to reach his ailing parent. Within .a few hours after getting the message the Aber- deen Knight hod Shoemaker [ocid, and he left the same evening for!!in- tucky. :* The Crucifix and the picture of the Sacrcd Heart should be found in every home. The one leads and points to the other; they belong together. The Cross shows us the love of Jesus. Greater love than this can no one have thau he give his life for his neighbor. Jesus did give his for us. and that surely proves His love. When we look at the picture of the Sacred Heart we should tlfink of this Catholic Messenger. :t I