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August 19, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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August 19, 1911

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PROTESTANT EFFORTS IN PHILIPPINE FAIL. Field Secretary of American Bible Association Reports Catholic Church Doing Great Work, The following report, made this week to the American Bible Society, a Protestant organization, by their "field agent" at Manila, is full of in- terast for Catholics and hears indirect and unwilling testimony to the growth and power of the Catholic Church and the unavailing efforts of ]?rotestanfism to make any headway among the Filipinos. The Associated Church News As- sociation, a non-Catholic bureau, of Union Square, New York, sends in the following: "Civic, social and religious condi- tions in tbe Philippines are dealt with hy the Rev. J. L. McLaughlin, field agent of the American Bible Society at Manila, in his report, just to hand. In tile civic situation Filipinos are pushing, he says, the F/lipino inde- pendence idea, but Mr. McLaughlin believes this not so much anti-United States as pro-Filipino. He thinks the latter not wholly ungrateful for all that has been done for them. "In social affairs the cockpit still rules, the government permitting it, although the old dances are hegin- ning to give place to literary socie- ties. The independent Filipino Cath- olic Church, founded by Agilpay, seems to have reached its high-water mark and does not grow AmeriCan Bishops have been placed over Ro- man Catholic dioceses, and French and Belgian friars have come in, until it is the helief of this Bihle Society representative that the Catholie Church, the regular one of three hun- dred years' service in the Philippines, was never stronger than' today, and that there was never so many friars anti nuns as now. Presbyterian, Methodist, Episcopal and other churches have the Luzon and northern field well covered, and are now looking into southern islands. Baptists are in the south but all of Samar, Masbate, Palawan most of Mindanao and sever.'d small hut important islands are as yet un- touched. Immediately following American occupation large numhers of Filipinos flocked into the Protest- ant churches. Not by any means have all of these heen held there. They have gone into infidelity, agnosticism and other isms and ologies. Yet, on the whole, thinks Mr. McLaughlin, the evangelical work has been en- couraging and has accomplished much. "In the early days many Filipinos bought very cheap editions of the Bible, largely to gain some idea of what a hook so long prohlhited con- tained. Enormous sales in num])ers of copies were recorded. Curiosity being satisfied, sales will decline. Editions of Old and New Testaments in Tagalog, lhanag, Paml)anga, Ilo- cano and Panayan are to be printed at once, and it is found that Japa- 'nese printers are the best for the work. So marked are differences be- tween Filipino dialects that no classi- cal or standard edition of the Bihle for the whole islands may ever be possible. The society is working on the task of a 'Bihle in every home in the Philippine islands,' and claims to have accomplished this in seven of the largest cities. "Mr. McLaughlin concludes that only the best preachers and teachers must COllie to the Philippines here- after. Some not the best had to an- swer six or eight years ago. Today, so marked is the iff/provement from the puhlic school training, that the av- erage ability Of religious teachers must be higher than formerly. The Catholic Church is doing excellent work, and Protestant churches must, if they succeed, throw in their best men and literature." BIG NEW YORK. According to the figures of the Health Department, issued on August , the population of New York city is 5,ooo,4o 7. The United States cen- sus of x9xo gives New York, with its ve boroughs, a populati()n of 4,766, - 883, so that the gain within one year has heen 233,524.. This is a gain of 53 per cent since July I, I898, when the city had a population of 3,272,418. The percentage of increase has heen largely with Manhattan borough, the population of which is given at 2,393,- 636. The borough of tile Bronx has a population of 487,437; Brooklyn a total of 1,716,852; Queens, 312,63o, and Richmond, 89,852. , WEEP FOR YOUR SINS. "Do l)enance." It is not think peu- ance nor walk penauce, but do pen- attce. Weep over the sins of the worJfl if you will. That may he good. Christ did it. But He had no sins of His own over which to weep. \\;e have. That's the difference, and it's a mighty one. To rio penance is to deal with our own sins as they should he dealt with. "/.'hey should be re- pented, repudiated, detested and sat- isfied for. REASONS FOR EQUALIZING DAYS OF CHURCH PRECEPT. Motu Proprio of Pope Plus X Reduc- ing the Number of Feasts De- clared to Be of Obligation. The following Motu Proprio of the Holy Father, Pope Plus X, may l)e regarded as a part of the general plan of His Holiness to make ecclesiastical discipline as equal as possible throughout the Church: De Diebus Festis. PlUS PP. X. "Motu Proprio." The Roman Pontiffs, supreme cus- todians and moderators of ecclesias- tical discipline, have been accustom- ed, as often as the good of the Chris- tian people advised it, to benignly temper the laws of the sacred canons. And we, just as we thought other things should he changed on account of the changed conditions of times and civil society, heliev it now a duty, hy reason of the especial circum- stances of our age,' to retader more easy the ecclesiastical law on the ob- servance of holidays of obligation. Besides, nowodays men travel great distances by sea and land with great speed, arm by the conveniences of traveling they find access mor easy to those nations where the nmnher of days of obligation is less. More- over, the increase of trade and the ex- peditious transactions of business seem to suffer some loss from the in- terruption occasioned by the fre- quency of festival days. In fine, the daily increasing cost of the necessa- ries of life adds a new reaso tnhat servile labor should not be too often interrupted in the case of those who derive their subsistenc from work. For these reasons repeated peti- tions, especially in latter days, have reached the Holy See asking that the number of days of obligation he less- ened. Having all these tlfings before our mind, and having at heart the salvation of the Christian peol)le, it seems to us highly opportune to di- minish the festival days which the Church has declared to be of pre- cept. Therefore, motu proprio, and after mature deliberation, having heard the opinion of our venerahle brothers, the Cardinals of the Holy Roanan Clmrch who are engaged in the codification of ecclesiastical law, we prescribe as follows regarding festive days: . The ecclesiastical precept of hearing Holy Mass and of. abstaining from servile work remains in vigor only on the following days: All the Sundays of the year, the feasts of the Nativity, the Circumcision, the Ppi- phany, the Ascesion of our Lodl jesus Christ of the Immaculatef Con- ception and of the Assumption of our Blessed Lady, of the SS., Apos- tles Peter and Paul, and, finally, All Saints'. 2. The feast of St. Joseph, spouse of the Blessed Virgin, and the Nativ- ity of St. J olin the Baptist, hoth with an octave, shall he celehrated, as in their own place, he first on the Sun- day following the I9th of Marche, the feast of the 19th of March remaining intact in cases it falls on o Sunday, th esenond on the Sunday preced- ing the feast of SS. Peter and paul. The feast of Corpus Christi, together with its privileged octave, shall be celehrated, as iu its own place, on the Sunday after the Most Holy Trin- ity Friday, within the octave, remain- ing established for the feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. 3. The feast of Patrons are not suhject to the precept mentioned above. Ordinances, besodes, can transfer the exterior solemnity of these to the Sunday immediately fol- lowing. 4. If in any place any one of the feasts indicated has beeu legitimately abolished or transeferred, no innov.a- tion is to be made without consulting the Holy See. If, also, in any nation or district, the Bishops consider it a duty to conserve they are to apply to the Holy See. 5. If arty of the feasts that we wish preserved coincides with a day of fast and ahstinence, we dispense from hoth and we concede the same dispensation also for the feasts of patrons which have been abolished hy this law, if it happens that they are celebrated solenmly and with great concourse of people. In giving this new attestation of apostolic solicitude we cherish a firm hope that all the faithful, even on those (lays that we take from the number of days of strict precept, not less than previously, will give tes- timony of their devotion to God and of their veneration of the saints, and that on the other feasts which are conserved by the Church they will guard with greater diligence than in the past the observance of thecept. All things to the contrary, etc. Given at Rome, at St.Peter's, on econd day of July, and in the eighth of our pontificate. PlUS PP. X. PORTUGAL'S TOTTERING RE- PUBLIC. Both the government and the press of Spain have begtnl to feel serious concern ahout the conduct of that fu- rious Virago called by courtesy the Portuguese llepuhlic. The matter demands the attention of statesmen and private individuals alike, for while the Portuguese revolutionists con- fined their activities to Portuguese territory Spain could possihly afford to remain calm attd undisturbed, but when her frontier is violated and armed Portuguese officials appear on her territory and make arrests (or rather, kidnap people) it is high time for the Cahinet and public in general to show solne resentment. No peo- ple in Spain are more orderly; peace- loving and even phlegmatic than the Galicians, yet the border towns in the province of Galicia are so over- run by desperate looking men in the pay of the Portuguese that the good people are in a state of continued alarm. To restore puhlic tranquillity, therefore, as well as to prevent the invasion of Spanish territory, the gov- ernment has dispatched regular troops of all three l)ranches of the service, namely, infantry, cavalry and artillery, t patrol and guard the border. The Portuguese government is hur- rying towards bankruptcy. To se- cure the funds which it needs and must have it has had recourshe to means far more reprehensible than the adeantamentos, or attticipated payments in the time of th ill-fated Carh)r l, for it has made all arrange- merit with the Bank of Portugal for the emission of such vast quantities of paper money that the currency of the country has depreciated enor- mously in value. No prophetic man- tle is needed to affirm that the mi- crobe which is to hring to death the Portuguese Repuhlic is already devel- oping in fianacial circles and in com- mercial houses, where ruin is already ahnost visihle. During the past six months the public revenue from all sources was one hillion and six hun- dred thousand dollars less than for the corresponding period last year; in the port of Lisbon general importa- tions fell behind hy about the same sum, and the exportation of cotton was only 30 per cent of what it was in the ofrmer period. The lessening of the public income would cause no uneasiness if there were a corersponding economy in put)lie expenses, but just the reverse has happened, and hence the country :is face to face with an economic in- equality which spells failure. The large outlays required to kep up the police force and make the spy system effective, not to mention the expense entailed by the frequent moving of hodies of troops, would he an appre- ciahle drain upon the resources of a rich and flourishing country, hut .in poor Portugal, where the administra-: tion of the puhlic finances has long heen so wretched, the cost is not only hurdensome, but it is killing. The day is not far distant when Europe will intervent, not merely to protect the lives and property of foerigners, but especially to prevent the utter and irremediable collapse of the Por- tuguese treasury. In the meanwhile the reign of terror continues Denunciations of "mon- archist consiprators" have filled the )risons with respectahle people who never meddled in politicvs. As might be expected, many a private grudge has been settled hy accusing one's enemy of being a "conspirator," for the mere asesrtion, with no attempt at proof, has been enough to place :he victim behind .the hars. Some days ago, for example, the Count of San(' Eulalia, formerly Portuguese Consul in Chicago, reached Lishon on the morning mail train. During the journey he had censured the provis- ional government. As he was cross- mg one of the squares of the city a marine charged him with "speaking against the Repuhlic," and forthwith led to jail, where he was flaeed incommunicado. At ahnost the same time some townspeople of Valenca, with nobody's authorization but their own, arrested four ladies and called upon the civil guard to search their house for treasonahle documents, the huihling was ran- sacked from garret to cellar and the unfortunate ladies were terrified, hut no sign of treason was discovered. Captain Pavia Conreiro is just now the nightmare of the Republicans. He was the royalist hero of the night of Octoher 4, 19to. At the head of his company he went to the l)alace to defend the King, but he had al- ready left. The cal)tain went on to Cintra and then to Mafra, where Manonel emharked for Gibraltar. Then, att(l only then, did Couceiro leave Portugal. His absence, how- ever, has not destroyed his prestige, for, more than .any other royalist, the people look to him for a solution of the present difficulty. Among the Repuhlicans who have broken definitely with the Braga ag- gregation Senhor Homen Cristo is one of the most distinguished. The infamies and the abuses of the mon- archy drove him into the Repuhlican ranks, where he strove untiringly for the regeneration of his cotmtry, which he looked for by the introduc- tion of Republican regime. But when the Republic came and instead of cor- recting abuses,, made them worse and multiplied them, Homen Cristo was st) disgusted with the cowardice, the immorality and the despotism of the Portttguese Republic that he reso- lutely set his face against it. l-low- ever skillful he may he with weapons, the provisional government is unques- tionably more in fear of his pen than of his sword, as may he gathered from a recent utterance of his which has been pretty generally spread through Portugal : "Undoubtedly, the monarchy committed crimes. Why deny it? The monarclay made tremendous blunders. * * * Dur- ing the past eight months, for every hhmder, every infamy, every crime, every transgression of the monarchist regime the Republicans have perpe- trated a dozen. To arms! This is not a revolution of monarchists against Republicans. It is a rew)lu- tion of men who do not know whether royal rule will result from their tri- Uml)h, but who do know, as every sensible person knows, that hetween the rule of a king and the rule of the lowest ruffian in the ranks of the Car- honaria that of.a king is to be pre- ferred." These are strong expres- sions, yet we lind much stronger in the same manifesto. Homen Cristois a cultivated man, a man of great lit- erary ahility. What are we to gather from his violent, even savage, denun- ciation of the Republic? We are to gather that the numherless outrages perpetrated by the sham Republic in the sacred name of liberty have rous- ed him and many others to a wild fury, which he, better than they, can m some way express in words. A rising in Portugal against the ty- rants that throttle it seems inevitahle. Even those most devoted to the pres- ent regime look for a monarchistic counter-revohttion. ] am in a posi- tion to affirm most positively that there is a perfect understanding he- tween Dora Manoel and Dora Miguel, who realize that in the present crisis the throne is a matter of secondary importance, and that the one all-im- portant matter is the temporal salva- tion of Portugal. If the Repuhlic fallsand fall it mustthe first step will probably he to estahlish a pro- visional dictatorship, headed hy Paiva Couceiro 6r the Count of Lavradio, who will summon the Cortes and place one of the rivals on thet throne. it look as if there were hetween them a written pact covering the matter. There is a perceptihle split in the rauks of the provisional government the members of which are not in ac- cord- on the course to he followed while the Repuhlic lasts. There are four aspirants to the dignity of Presi- dent. One of these is Basilio Telles a sensible man, who is very generally respected. His election would mean a political defeat for the present Min- ister of Justice Affonso.Costa, and a corresponding triuml)h for the Minis- ter of the Interior, Antonio Jose AI- neida. NORBERTO TORCAL. EUROPEAN NEWS. King Alfonso and Queen Victoria of Spain Are Now in London, and the King Attends Mass Every Morning. "Now, then, who is to he the mon- key ?" It was Father Bernard Vaughan's resonant voice ringing through the sylvan graleds of Epping Forest. And very shortly afterward a powerful ass appeared with a merry party of three --the greatst ltreaeher of the day, who had dined with Knigs and is the fa- miliar of Princes, with a haby of some three or four summers clinging on either side of him. The occasion was l,'ather Vaughan's treat to nearly one thousand little Last End children, who spend all their clays on short conlmons, in tilthy tenement houses, and to whom the green trees and brown earth of the worhl, as it is, are paradise. Father Vaughan had ca- ioled his rich friends of the West, and, indeed, of the whole of Britain, to give him the means wherewith to make this great day, and he himself supplied more, than all the good things to eat and drink which the money hought, by his activity, being first in every roun'd about, the paper chase or 'other sport that was pro- posed. When lie and the rejoicing bairns returned in the cool of the evening in four-horse brakes they found all East London on the roadside to wel- come them, and what, with the chil- dren singing and the parents' shout- ing, the good priest was nearly deaf- ened, but he enjoyed it all the s:une, while there was a merry smi/e in the corner of his eye for those who take him to task for /)is vivid humanity. The fact that it is the season for holidays makes an al)ology unneces- sary, for, starting with a chronicle of this frivilous charity, which does so much to lift the worn and weary spir- its of the toilers towards that Lord who was ever mindful during his earthly sojourn of the hodily neces- sities and wants of His people. But there are plenty of serious suhjects occupying us at the same time and making a little relaxation all the more accel)tal)le. The questiou as to on the A/fiance methods that intheir work of dogging the Chapel Car they are daily hecoming more iml)otent. Big audiences and a genial reception marked the sojourn in March and a small Cotholic chal)el has even been opened for occasional Mass Archbishop Bourne has nominated Monsignor Moyes and two other Westminster priests to represent His Grace at the Universal Race Congress now" meeting in London, which has for its object the peace of the world and a better nnderstanding of one another hy the peoples of the earth. Another token of the inters( of the Church and her care for all classes of her children is the formation of the Catholic Stage Guild, which will ar- range a spiritual service for traveling theatrical companies, amonst nearly every one of which may be found a handful of Catholics, if not more. These men and women, with strenu- ous lives, many temptations, often whether the desired goa/ of home rule is really going to be reached within the coming years is a para- mount one, though Catholic ranks in England are sadly divided in feeling and action regarding the political cri- sis. In fact, the only thing they are united in its admiration for the skill with which the Irish party has made themselves masters of the situation. Then there is thg grave question of the outrages perpetrated daily against the Church hy the Protestant Alli- ance, who while-they have ceased at- tacking London out-door processions, are still chevying the Chapel Car and continue to hold meetings in many of the rougher quarters of the cities, towns and villages, which result this his weather in arousing people's pas- sions and brings about unseenfly riots, all fought in the name of re- ligion. At March, a town in Cam- hridgeshire, which has just hcen vis- ited by the Chapel Car, a female A1- linace lecturer was tlasphemous enough to present what she termed Ronfish conmvy',ion to the semi- drunken yeling crowd which sur- rounded her, telling them that th( wafers she offered them were th( Romanist's God, upon which followed a disgusting scene which is too painful to describe. Yet this woman was not arrested for causing a disturbance. It is the greatest and best comment hardships to hear and little leisure, are often lost to the faith through sheer carelessness. Some of their more leisured confreres have, with the the aid of a few energetic priests, arranged this guild, the chaplain of wh/ch will have clerical orrespond- ents in every town, whom he will acqupaint weekly with the Catholic memhers of companies acting there during the week. The priest of the flace will visit the theatrical manager, get him to put up a card giving the t/me of the services, attd will even arrange, if possible, confessions and an earlier Mass for these thespian wanderers. The idea is a splendid one and should work well. Syml)athy is felt here for the young Catholic King and Queen of Spain, who are in Lonodn, en route from Cowes, and whose youngest son is undergo/ng throat treatment In Switzerland, while Qneen Victoria is shortly expecting an addition to the royal household. The King of Spain visited both King .George and King Manuel since his arrival in London, attd he attends daily Mass at one of other of the West End churches. King Manuel is, by rumor, very near taking possession of his thrne again. I know rnmor ts perststent and is not followed by actuality, but the threatened rising of the Portuguese monarchists draws nearer every day. The government, in a paroxysm of fear, has started trumping up charges against the remaining religious or- ders, vowing that priests and nuns have again formed religious societies forbidden by the separation law, this, of course, heing untrue. The ltaIian journals are very ex- cited over the interest wlfich the Holy Father takes in that most mod- ern and effective weapon, the press, and the proper equipment of the Church therewith. They declare an important Potn- tifical document will shortly be pub- lished, delining largely the powers of the Catholic press. This is, of course, a canard; it is based upon a letter which His Holiness sent recently to the Bishops of L()mhardy in reply to an address. The letter was private, but is now to be 1)ub/ished very soon. t deals with certain tendencies of a portion of which calls itself Catholic, the true attrihntes t pa- per. I hink the American hich do not entirel ideal, but home whic the re- nfinder of the Holy Father's words to hring them to a sense of their high and awful responsibility in moulding puhlic opinion. A case has just conic before the French courts which illustrates woe- fully the petty tyranny which the present rulers of that land indulge in towards oi1 exhibitions of Christian- ity. At St. Benin d'Azy, Nievre, twi gentlemen, a father and a son-in-law', desired to ..erect a monument to tL',,, daughter and wife they had lost. Th chose a spot within their ow grounds, secluded and removed some distance from the highroad, and at the close of a mission given in the vicinity asked the parish priest, his curate and two missioners to come and hless the heautiful white marhle cross which they had erected. They also invited at the same time a num- her of rriends and relatives who had known attd loved Madame Massie. In the midst of the solemn service two gendarmes and a guard chain- pete arrived in great haste, sent hy the Mayor of the adjacent township, to inform the priests that unless they desisted a verbal would be isstted against them for organizing a relig- ious demonstration. Needless to say, though, the mourn- ers were deeply disturbed by such a scene, the good priests finished their office. The process was issued in due course, and the .case, with hrilliant counsel to defend the four priests, oc- CUl)ied several days. The judge has iust given his verdict, and each priest is condenmed to pay a free of three francs. Of course, the relatives paid the line, but this interference in a ceremony performed upon private )roperty has aroused very great indig- nation in the countryside. L'HIRONDELLE. --The Morning Star. PRESIDENT VETOES STATEHOOD BILL. "I return herewith, without my ap- proval, Hottse Joint Resolution No. 14, to admit the Territories of New Mexico and Arizona as States into the Union on an equal footing with the original States." The aboe paragraph is a brief part of the special message sent by Presi- dent Taft to the House of Represent- atives on last Tuesday. His reason for exercising the exec- utive powe f veto was based on his t!mrough disapproval of the recall of judges clause in the Arizona Constitu- tion. The fact that New Mexico's statehood was bound up with that of Arizona meted out to her the same fate, and neither Territory can come into the Union. FOUR CATHOLICS APPOINTED. Among last week's appointments by Governor Foss of Massachusetts were those of Daniel L. Preudergast of Brookline, to b'e a trustee of the Hospital for Consumptives; Malachi L. Jennings of Boston, to be a ballot law commissioner; Dr. Simon J. Rus- sell of Springfield, to succeed Dr. E. A. Bates as medical examiner for the Second Hampden District, and John R. Ratigan, to be judge of the Supe- rior Court. NEW BISHOP OF TOLEDO. The Rt. Rev. Joseph Schrenibs, who was appointed Auxiliary Bishop to Bishop Richter of Grand Rapids, Mich., on January 6, I9II, has been appointed to the diocese of Toledo, Ohio, I)y His Holiness, Pope Plus X. Announcement was made by Monsig- nor Falconio at the Scranton Total Abstinence Convention on Wedens- day of this week. ' z HOLY NAME CONGRESS TO MEET IN BALTIMORE. The first National Congress of Holy Name Societies will meet at Balti- more on October 16 and 17. These dates, coinciding with the jubilee cele- bration of Cardinal Gibbons, have been chosen with special considera- :ion for the convenience of Arch- bishops, Bishops and distinguished clergy who will be gathered in Balti- more at that time. at. Rev. Owen B. Corrigan, Auxiliary Bishop of Balti- more and Archdiocesan Director of the Holy Name Society, extended the invitation to the various branches to hold the congress in Baltimore. The suggestion has heen made, which the Bishops will decide, that Holy Name congresse will he held only every three years. The com- plt program will b announced later. A RELIGIOUS FAMILY. ]n the chapel of the Visitation Con- vent, Elfindale, Springfield, Mo., Mrs. Sarah Scott, a widow and the naother of ten children, recently received the habit and white veil of the order. Of her children five are living, attd all in religion. Three sons are members of the Jesuit order and the fourth as- pires to foilow their lead, while her daughter is a Sister of St. Joseph. Having thus given her all to God, Mrs. Scott hopes to spend her declin- ing years in the Visitation order. She received the name of Sister Mary:- natia.