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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
August 5, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, AUGUST 5, 1938 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHEI WEEKLY TIIE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of ].itth, Rock. Ark:maa 3091/Z WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911. at the post o/ties at LittLe Rock, Arknnsas, under tile act of Congress of March 8. 179. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that it may he an earnest champion of the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion w4 all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be lor, and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT REVEREND THOMAS L. KEANY. Ph. D.. Editor Assoelae Editors: Rt. Rev. Msgr. James P. Moran, LL. D.; Very Roy. Msgr. Joseph A. Galtasher, M. A.; Rev. Lawrence Hoyt, O. S. B.; Roy. Jamn E. O'Connell, M. A.; Rev. Patrick M. Lynch, B. A. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handIed throush the ]slness Manager, and all matter intended for publication should rmtch The Guardian office not later than Tuenday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST 309s/s WEST SECOND STREET Phone 5486 for AdvertieLug Rates SPONSORS OF SERVICES Picture Service--Knights of Columlms of Arkansas AUGUST 5, 1938 POLITICAL ADS IN a recent issue of The Guardian we published an editoria on the Catholic Church's policy of staying outside of politics We feel assured that her record can be resorted to without sham. The Church as the Custodian of the Truths of God can carry on her Mission thru out the world no matter what be the form of government provided it be a just grovernment. What is said of the Church is likewise true of most Catholic Organizations. We do not know of a single organization in the State which bears a Catholic name and is restricted to members of the Church which takes any part in either State or National politics. Any members of these organizations who use the name of the organization do so without authorization as far as we know. The various Socities or Cltibs that are restricted to members of the Catholic Church have their own aims and purposes usually charitable or apostolic, and are distinctly non-political. As the Church keeps herself outside of various political con- troversies so have Catholic Organizations followed the same policy. Individual Catholics have more than a right they have an obligation to vote according to the dictates of their con- .. scmnce. Unless and tmtil some issue in "onflict with Catholic principles arises they need not have any reference to their l:e- iigion. The State is separated from the Church, politics is separated from religion, Caesar is separated from God. The Guardian, as we have said so often, is not in politics. Following an established custom we run advertisments from all candidates provided they are within the bounds of propriety. The fact that certain candidates advertise in the'Guardian and others do not is not to be taken as indicative of the policies of The Guardian, the Church or any Catholic Organization. The matter is purely business. 'Those who request space are given space and in the amount that they request. The wording of these political ads and their general make- up are the work of the various cafnpaign managers or advertis- ing agencies in the interest of the candidates. They have been! approved as corresponding to the regulations of The Guardian I with regard to all types of advertisements. They are not scan- dalous nor slanderous. [ OUR LADY OF THE SNOW THIS Feast we celebrate today commemorates the dedication of the Church of Sancta Maria Maggiore on the Esquiline Hill in the City of Rome. The name Our Lady of the Snow may cause many to wonder for it is indeed a striking title. The Feast as it is known today commemorates the dedication of a Church built in the Fourth Century but the present title of the Church and the Feast is of much 'later origin. The present appellation is derived from a well known Italian legend. We do not have any historical proof of the truth of it. However that matters little for our present purpose. During the Pontificate of Liberius, a Roman nobleman named John and his wife were without children and so'they :made a vow to leave all of their possessions to Our Lady. They were at a loss as to what they would and could do to honor the Blessed Mother of Christ. They spent long hours in prayer beseeching Her to make known to them in what manner they could best dispose of their wealth in honoring her. Finally one summer night the Blessed Mother appeared to them and told them that she wanted them to dispose of their property and combine that with their possessions in building a basilica in her name and honor. She had chosen a place and that in order to make it known she had caused a great snow to fall on the spot. During the night, it was the Fifth of August,. snow fell on the summit of the Esquiline Hill in the Eternal City. The next morning John and his wife heard from many in Rome of the marvel that had happened during the night. They went to the snow covered spot knelt down and thanked the Blessed Mother for this sign of her pleasure. There they built the large Church which now bears the name of Our Lady of the Snow. i AND THE LORD GOD BLESSED THE SOUTH IN a most remarkable speech of the New England Governor, Wilbur L. Cross, of Connecticut, a noteworthy eulogy for the :South was given. It was delivered before the Interstate Gem- merce Commission in Buffalo last week. Governor Cross as arguing against the petition of the Southwest for the re- ,novel of the unfair discrimination in railroad freight rates in :he South. He was arguing against equality in freight costs per mile hauled for the products of the south, which enter into competition with the products of his own state. Industry, he said, is being attracted to the south by "lower costs of wages, fuel, and living conditions. He attributed materially reduced living costs 4n fuel, clothing, recreation and food to the south's natural advantages of climate. Admitting that southern freight rates are now higher, he said the commis- sion should not treat the south, in freight rates, on a parity with other sections, because of, "all these advantages". "The south has God-given aids which even the Interstate Commerce Commission cannot match," ha stated. The most obvious objection to such argument, is this, how can a Governor of New England or any state thru the Commerce Commission charge a southern state for the bleasings Almighty God granted to that section of the country? We are to be taxed for these blessings of ours. Nothing we have ever seen so clearly revealed the attitude of jealousy for those God- given advantages to the south. For some time there has been a series of policies, sponsored and backed by the industrial north, which amounts, in the last analysis, to nothing less than an attempt to make the south pay for the advantages bestowed by Almlghty God. The recent wages and hours bill in its original form was an attempt to force southern industry to pay the same wages s industry in the north despite, "God-given aids," of lower "living, fuel, clothing and recreation costs. And despite the parallel fact that the southern worker does not create as much wealth as his northern fellow, thru lower capital investments in the south and fewer labor-saving equipment in southerr factories. The truth of the matter is that the South pays its workers a greater proportion of the value they add, thru manufacture to the raw materials than does the north. Having failed to inforce a mandatory scale of wages, an attempt is now being made to obtain the result they hoped for, thru retention of an unjust freight rate injurious to southern industry. The cat has been let out of the bag by Governor Cross when he lists the "God-given aids" of the south and argues that the Interstate Commerce Commission, though unable to offset these advantages, should continue the freight injustice in an effort to remedy the oversight of Almighty God, who gave these blessings of our climate as a free gift without charge" or fee whatsoever. II I F00TsF00HEw0000 II Word'o, SUNDAY, August '7. -- Salniil, Encouragement Cajetan was born at Vicenze in if 1480 of pious and noble parents I who dedicated him to Our Bless-IBcar With God. ed Lady. He founded the first community of Regular Clerks, known as the Theatines and was the first to introduce the Forty Hours' Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament as an antidote to the heresy of Calvin. MONDAY, August 8.  Saint Cyriacus and his companions, martyrs. Cyriacus was a holy dea- con at Rome under Popes Marcel- linus and Mercellus. In the per- secution under Diocletian, togeth- er with Largus and Smaragdus and 20 others, he received the crown of martyrdom. TUESDAY, August 9. -- Saint Romanus, was a soldier in Rome at the time of the martyrdom of St. Laurence. Inspiried by the letter's example he was convert- ed and baptized by St. Laurence in prison. When he publicly ad- mittecl, what he had done he was beheaded on the day before the date set for the execution of St. Laurence. WF.DNESDAY,!August 10.  St. Laurence, martyr, was the chief among the seven deacons of the Roman Church. Roasted over a slow fire because he refused to give up the treasures of the Church he made sport of his pains. At length Christ received him in- to eternal habitations. THURSDAY, August 11.  SS. Tiburtius and Susanna, martyrs. St. Tiburtius was a subdeacon who was betrayed to the persecutors, condemned to many torments and at length beheaded on the Levi- can Road three miles from Rome, where a church was afterward built. St. Susanna was a noble virgin, said to have been a niece of Pope Caius. Having made a yw of virginity she refused to marry and on this ccount she was accused as a Christian and suffered a cruel martyrdom. FRIDAY, August 12.  Saint Clare, Abbess," inspired by Saint Francis, founded an order in a i miserable house outside of As- sisi. She was joined by her sis- ter and later by her mother and other noble ladies. When the Saracen army of Frederick II was ravaging the valley of Spoleto her convent was miraculously pre- served from harm when she caused the Blessed Sacrament to be placed in a monstrance above the gate facing the enemy. She died in 1253. SATURDAY, August 13.  St. Radegundes, daughter of the King of Thuringia, against her will was compelled to become the wife of Clotaire, King of Soissins. She continued the practice of great virtue at court and finally obtain- ed permission to retire to a mon- astery. She died in 587. *Our neighbor. Most of us have a good deal to put up With from our neighbors, yet we generally forget what they have to put up with from us. Still, we have difficulties even with very good people. They are not omniscient, they often make mistakes, and they treat us ac- cording to their ideas. It is a part of the way in which God wishes to sanctify us. Conceited as we are, we should be much worse if we were not corrected by others. There are many excellent parts in our char- acters, but some dreadful gaps. We are like trees that have not grown straight. If we would let our Lord have His way, and bear with what He does for us through our neighbor, we should grow more symmetrical. Try Consideration. Why are we not more con- siderate? Why do we form such harsh judgments? Here have we great scope for true austerity. Normal Condition. The only class who can hear themselves praised without satis- faction, or blamed without dis- pleasure, are the saints.A saint with a habit of humility doesn't look upon a slight with distress. But we, who are not saints, or not yet saints, when we receive a snub are disappointed; we feel sore; that is inevitable, and we ought to accept it as our normal condition. Think Yourself Humble. You make a resolution: "I will never be proud any more." And then you are miserable at the thought of vanity. Why are you so stupid? Of course, your resolu- tion flies. I wish there were a recipe for thinking oneself into humility. Be Patient. God never finds fault with what we can't help. I can't help hav- ing the feelings, but don't let me give way to depression in con- sequence. The feelings won't harm me. Then, if I feel stirring of jealously, is it a conclusion that I am to remain in that condition? Bear the jealous feeling quietly. If you pretend you have no feel- ings, you are rebelling against facts, and that is only a continu- ance of pride. You are on the high road to humility when you confess to yourself that you are horribly jealous, and take it quietly. Be patient. QUESTI )N REV. FRANCIS S. GUY, Ph. D, m Whag does the expression Un- ion of Churches mean? I have seen this used several times and would like to know what it re- fers to. Union of Churches, sometimes wrongly termed Union of Chris- tendom is the name given to var- ious movements which have start- ed from the time c the Reform- ers in the sixteenth century to bring about union among the var- ious sects, or divisions of Chris- tians. Union of Christendom would mean the reunion of the nations once grouped together un- der this term and this would seem imposslble. Even union among Churches is impossible except on the condition that those which claim freedom to determine their own belief, discipline, and mode of worship come to perceive that all this is not a matter of choice but something that has been de- termined only by the Founder of the Church of God. With Protestant Churches the tendency heretofore has been to divide and start new groups. Of late there is a reac- tion which has led to many move- ments for reunion among churches, among Methodists for instance, and Presbyterians, which in the United States had broken up into sectional bodies. The Catholic Church encourages attempts to unite all Christians in one body according to the prayer of Christ at the Last Supper and Hi., prophecy as the Good Shepherd. Those who have had experience in counselling advocates of such union well know that it is vain to attempt union of churches as such. Individual Christians, or small groups very often with success seek and find the "one fold and one shepherd," but if there are great difficulties in the way of bringing any church into union with another, no matter how much the two may seem to agree, the difficulty of leading the members of any non-Catholic body into the Catholic Church would seem in- surmountable. Still as the light of Faith is a grace, and this can be obtained by prayer, the Church has appointed various Sundays and week days also of prayer for this great object; "That they may be all one, as Thou, Father, in Me, and I in Thee." QUI VlVE? (Continued from Page 1) this benighted group, he should not have sat in the presence of cham- pagne, much less drunk any. The President, more than likely, was not consulted about the menu, since he attended as a guest and not as a caterer. Whether he took any champagne or not, is a mat- ter of his personal taste, but cer- tainly these people wouldn't wish the President to be so uncouth as to complain about the food or drink furnished for the occasion. It does seem like a dream, how- ever, that Mr. Roosevelt had some small share in the repeal of pro- i To-Day's Parable By FATHER STEDMAN I / YOUR PRAYER NOT ANSWERED It may be the Mercy of God not to answer your prayer. What you prayed for might not be fo the best. The truth of this is seen in the fact that God did not answer His Own Son's Prayer. "Oh, Father, if it be possible, l let this chalice pass from Me," prayed Jesus in the garden. But the chalice of His agony stayed with Him . . . "Not My Will, but Thine, be done." God did not answer His Own Son's prayer, because of His mercy for us; for had He saved our Lord from the sufferings of the Cross, man would never have been saved. Of a certainty, then, can we pray with confidence that if the cross we pray to be rift of is not taken from us it will one day be the very thing that will save us. "Oh, Master, make us clean," cried the 10 lepers. But only one came back with a prayer of thanksgiving. Where were the other nine? s soon as they re- ceived their favor, they turned their backs on God. Their afflic- tion, in truth, had been better for them, than the answer to their prayers; for, in their afflic- tion they came to Christ; with health restored, they turned away from Him. Let. us pray with faith, then that God will always answer our prayer--if not in our way--in the way that is better for our eternal welfare. W00at Do You Know? (Answers on Page 8) 1. Who was ohn Colet, born in England in 1467 and died there in 15197 2. What is the other name, in one word, of the Flavian Amphitheater in Rome in which many early Christian suffered martyrdom? 3. Why is the remote French hamlet of Ars known throughout the Christian world? 4. Which of the dioceses in the United States was the first to be erected, its establishment taking place in 17897 In which city of North America was the first parish formed? What was the nationality of the people who comprised this parish? 5. What is the term, in one word, which, in its strict and ordinary sense, signifies a su- pernatural gift of God's bene- ficence, gratuitously bestowed upon a rational creature (angel or man), for the ultimate pur- pose of fitting the recipient for life eternal? (N. C. W. C. Features) hlbition. He sort of slipped a "Micky Finn" in the Bevo. It" is too bad that these church groups are so pharisaical. People who are so familar with the Bible, must have to do some expert manipulating to so constantly ig- nore the story of the wedding at Cans. They could have made a sensible protest to the President, concerning the divorces that have taken place in his immediate fam- ily. Perhaps he has no more con- trol over these than he had over the prsence of champagne at the wedding, but at least there might be grounds enough for conscient- ious Christians to be misled in this matter. Apparently it seems too much to expect these church folks to read any part of the Bible except the texts that ap- peal to them. Any honest investi- gator may read with profit, St. Mark X, 11, 12 or St. Luke XVI, 18. They will find that while Christ tolerated the use of wine, He condemned divorce in no un- certain terms. See also St. Paul, Rein. VII. 2, 3, I Cor., VII, 10, 11. Hollywood has reared its ugly head once more. This time it is the picture, Blockade. This is a United Artists production, pre- sented by Walter Wander. The producers stress the fact that this picture does not violate the moral code, accepted by them and so is not strictly within the scope of the Legion of Decency. Blockade however, does violate an under- standing with the public that mo- tion pictures must not be used as mediums of propaganda in debat- ' able questions. This picture is produced by Communists. It rep- resents the Basques, as a people conquered and devastated by Spanish Nationalists. The insin- uation is false and definitely in favor of the Loyalists. Unless this picture is stopped, others of the same ilk wil clome from'the same Stygian source. This one is just an emissary. It has the usual Communistic twaddle concerning freedom of speech and of the press. The supposition is that Americans are so democratic that they haven't sense enough to see the pernicious intention of Communistic propa- ganda until it is too late. The picture is being shown now over the protests of Catholic societies even in centers predominating Catholic. City officials, who are l Catholics, are such broadminded fellows, that they are willing to let their constituents be prisoned by these arch conspirators. In the absence of any action on the part of our public officials, it becomes the duty of Catholic people and decent people everywhere to rise and make a fight for real freedom, immunity from the. tyranny of Communism. What this country needs is more people with the prophetic ear of a Patrick Henry of colonial days. He could hear, across the broad expanse of the Atlantic, the chains that were be- ing forged to bind the people ef history. He cried out, "They tell us, Sir, that we are weak, un- able to cope with such a formi- dable adversary, but when shall Catholics American      -  GABRIEL Gabriel Lalemant was the eight Jesuit Martyrs America who were June, 1930. He was his faith by the Iroquis when, with St. Jean de whose assistant he was, he ed to evade capture, and on the Huron mission He was a nephew of Lalemant, the first the Jesuit missions in of Perome Lalemant, who a Jesuit missionary in World. He entered the of Jesus when he was old and went to later. After remaining in two years he joined the Huron missions. there but a short time mission and village were attacked by the destroyed. Following the bui-ning 1 ing of the mission the Iroquis took the to their camp at St. they had already there both Father Father Brebeuf were tied barbarously tortured to death. Father by while Father ing killed. His early in the evening till nine the next When the their camp the bodies priests were found over to St. Mary's, were interred. Some of were subsequently taken bec. Father Lalemant at Paris in 1610 and Huron country in 1649, (N. C. W. C. $ * $ $ $ $ * * $ $ $; A CATHOLIC OF HAPPIN-$ $ $ * * * * * $ $: Happiness is neither only, nor without us; it ion of ourselves with cal. Happiness consists in merit of our desires, having only right Augustine. The best advice on being happy is about follow as advice to be one is sick.Madame Reason's whole the joys of sense, Lie in three words, peace and The most rational and satisfaction a man can is found in bringing others.Cardinal On what a trifle may piness, of a whole Gerald Griffin. If thy happiness be the opinion others thou art Spalding. No happiness can there  there is no rest; Th' unknown is only Know then this for man to know Virtue alone is low.Pope. (N. C. W. C. .... God does not vant All He asks of us is prepared. He speaks Church, urging us would want to die. we should live and die since all of us hope grace. Humility takes away soul nothing but its must gather up the al that is best in our must be thrifty. ' us to do this. It is redemption of pride b t figuration. we be stronger?" Whe be strong enough to the veil of & false freedom? TOM N IS Dependable ELECT  YOUR NE: Circuit Polltlcal Ad'