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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
August 5, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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August 5, 1911

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THE .cREQUENT COMMUNION AND AND SOCIALISM. Who has not heard of socialism? 111 many people's mind the very word sounds like a hoodo, with which to scare children. Governments, who seem. to really have the welfare of their subjects at heart, enact laws against socialistic tendencies, and consider ihe socialists the enmities of the existing order of things. From socialism to anarchy, there is in the opinion of many, and rightly so, but one step. The Catholic church, who is the leader of mankind, wheth- er she is considered as such or not, has taken "a tirm stand against so- cialism with its tendencies of com- munism, of unbrideled independence, of lack of submission to temporal and especial spiritual authority. The church cares very little, if she is per- secuted herself, if her admonitions are laughed at, she goes on quietly telling the whole world what is wrong and what is right, and of course will finally win out in the struggle for justice. The different Christian denominations, who are considering socialism a menace to huntan society, do not have' the cour- age nor the divine slmction in their fight against the world aud the devil. Hence, when tey are pressed, they compromise, and they already admit that the only successful enemy of socialism is the Catholic church. There is much said about socialism now a days. Well meaning people in the church eveh tell us that we naust face that doctrine, study it, get acquainted with it, fred out its aims, instruct the people so they do not fall into the hands of socialists aqd their false doctrines. Associations have been started for the purpose of giving lectures to the people, telling them how wrong the doc- trines of socialism are and that we mnst keep away from them. All this is of course very good and well, and the church, seeing that her chil- dren for the moment do not want to "do anything hetter, lauds their efforts and directs them so they do not go astray themselves. At the same time she does not cease to hold out the remedy for this evil, whleh she has in her own bosom. What is at the hottom of sccialism anyway? It is materialism. The people have lost sight of the truth, that this world is not our home, that we here are only pilgrims, passing through this life for a hetter here- afteL The people live and work, as though their whole happiness con- sisted in gratifying their bodily con- veniences. Now, it does not take much cleverness, nor even faith, to know, that this world here helow is and will remain in spite of all onr progress a valley of tears. Social- ism comes along and tells the people that all is wrong here helow, that ' the laws are wrong and only in- tended to oppress, that the church and religion is wrong, becau.e they only dictate without giving relief in need. Therefore they will run tMngs themselves. The extremists in the party are willing to overthrow all existing order of things. The Others are willing for the time being to use only legitimate means to hetter their conditions. In the camp of the latter we find many Catholics. As long as they hold on to the chnrch as their guiding mother, they are pretty safe. However, there is great danger even with them, that they might get en- tangled so much in these worldly pursuits that they may become luke- warm in striving after the only nec- essary goods. It is always a most dangerons undertaking to go into the camp of the enemy and argue with him, trying to induce him to come to his senses. We Cathoqcs have in our own church all the weapons to fight any enemy on earth, material and spiritual; and those weapons are nothing else, than the sacraments of the church. This tight of olrs will of course end only at the end of time, lint if we hold on to it, we will secure for our own selves, and for those who are willing to follow, peace of mind, happiness of soul, and also happiness of body, and material wel- fare. Now the church has told us plainly how to secnre happiness hy saying: Frequent communion is in truth the shortest way to secure the salvation of every individual man as well as that of society. It follows then, that if we use all our efforts to induce people to go to holy connnunion fre- quently, yea daily, we have solved the question of socialism, we have secured the happiness of every indi- vidual man, and of society. Do we see it that way? Unhappily not. And still, we hear so much boasting a,out the Catholics in this country SOUTHERN. GUARDIAN Little Rock, Arkansas, Aug 5, 19.11 Number 20 obeying the Pope, being loyal to the t-/oly Father. Itere in Missouri we have a saying, which you know per- haps. \\;Ve are satislied with the words. \\;Ve want to be shown. Yes, we write, letters to the Holy leather, our love to hint,, and our subnfission, anti iu his goodness lie smiles and receives our greetings, "giving us all the time the benefit of the doubt. We make up purses to enahle him to hell) all those who ask him for help. We do anything, in fact, ex- cept the right thing. We make pil- grimages to the F.ternal City, we have big conventions and adopt res- olutions against his enenties. Yes anything, just so it does not have to be the right thing. And all the while the Holy Father knows, and we should know also that it is the Holy Ghost, God Himself, who :makes him say, what he does say, who makes him suggest the right and only remedies for all evils. There lived in 13elgimu a holy man, hy the name of Father Patti of Moll. He was a Benedictine Monk and died in the year 1894. He is called the wonder-worker of the 19th century, and no doubt will sometime be classed among the sltints of the church. He used to talk ahout socialism and wonld say that their doctrines wouhl pass away in time hut there would be many more of them, as there are now. And what reason does he give? The greed of the trusts? The. bad execution of laws? The oppression of the poor? No, he says, the reason, why we will have many more socialists is, be- cause there is not enough devotion to the Blessed Sacrament. That man surely seems to have had the spirit of the church, the mind of the Pope. We know, that in some places so- cialists are much stronger than in others..It wotfld be quite interest- ing if some one would exantine how the Iope s Decrees on early and fre- quent communion are observed in the strongholds of socialism. We imay rightly suspect that the Pope's orders and wishes are neglected where socialists have the sway. How strange it is that we will act so much like the dog, after whom a rock is thrown. The dog runs after the rock, instead of watching the person who persecutes him. ronld a just father ever punish his good and ohedient chihl? No, but he holds out the whip to those who do not mind. So does our Father in heaven with us. He will give us all things necessary and all conven- iences of this life, if we mind Him and His church. But when we do not mind, lie allows the socialists, or anarchists or Masons, or whatever nantes our enemies may have, to pun- ish us. Then instead of looking up to 1-tim, asking Him pardon and be- ing converted ourselves, We run after the stone, like the dog; we try to fight the whip vhich punishes us. Yes, indeed, it is strange; but is it not the'truth. Rev. I. F. Schlathoelter, Troy, Mo. Exile has not even thougt it worth while to /hake any pt/hlic protest to the Courts of Europe, have done much to chill the sympathies of his snpporters at home. Anxiety about the safety of jewels may under the and senti him telegrams expressing circtnnstances to be natural enough, hut it does not suggest any iname- diate intention of landing upon the coast of Portugal. But far more im- {portant than the attitude of the ma- THE PERSECUTION IN PORTUGAL. The general election in Portugal has resulted in the complete success of the Rel)ublican candidates. As they had no opponents, this is per- haps the less surprising. It may be said that this statement only puts the difficulty one step further back and brings ns to the questlonWhy, did no representatives of the Mon- archy offer thenlselves for election? It is a partial answer, but only a partial one, to point out that all the mouarchical newspapers have been snppressed, and that .sympathisers with the Monarchy are heing arrest- ed and thrust into prison in all parts of the country. That at first sight may seem a complete and even, in its way, a satisfactory explanation of the fact that the supporters of the Govermnent were allowed a walk- over in every constituency in Portu- gal. But here again it is impossible not to ask the further question-- How is it that this Government of yesterday, set up in a night by a mutinous soldiery, is able so to ter- rorize the land that not one of its opponents will venture even to show his face at the polls? Inevitably the further question comes--Are the peo- ple, that is the majority of the peo- ple, being terrorised at all? The sentences of.proscription and exile and imprisonment are evidence enough that a minority is being coerced, but it is not so clear that the nation, as a whole, has any active regrets for the King. Probably the rather sordid ending of the Mon- archy, and the fact that the Royal jority of the people towards theMon- archy is the qttestion of their posi- tion in face of the new war of perse- cution which is now being openly waged against the ChurclL Here we :are dealing not with the forms of government but with its fundamental realities. Certainly it is hard to he- lieve that the majority of the nation however torn with dissensions or disheartened and disillusioned with the Monarchy, or momentarily over- awed by a determined and well- drilled minority, can permanently acquiesce in such legislation as has heen imposed upon the country by the dictators without even waiting for Parliament. In the case of a backward country like Portugal, where connnunication is slow and the school system unde- veloped, the danger is that it may be a loug time before the people, es- pecially in the rural districts, come to nnderstand what is heing done in their name. For this reason much importance attaches to the two doc- tnnents we publish this week--the the Encyclical Leter of Plus X. and the joint protest of the Portuguese Hierarchy. That the latter docu- ment "got home" is shown by the fact that several Bishops are already suffering imprisonment for their share in it, and by the efforts which are being made to hunt down and seize even stray copies of it. It is a refreshingly straightforward docu- ment and calls a spade a spade; anti we have great pleasure in translating it and so securing for it readers; in every corner of the world. But of graver consequence, and certainly not less unwelcome to the Govern- ment of Portugal, is the Pontifical Letter. The Holy Father first draws i attention to the violent" expulsio of the religious orders and the confis- cation of their property, to the sup- pression of the pnbllc feasts of the Church, to the abolition of the oath as the sanction to testimony in the Law Courts, to the prohibition of Christian teaching in the s,hools, and to the thrusting of bishops out of their sees. All these things were done, not by law or with the sanc- tion of Parliament, but by the sim- ple decree of a crew of mutiners in a hurry. But the immediate purpose of the Encyclical is to put on record the puhlic protest of the Holy See against the edict which had decreed the separation of the Church and State. To speak of the new Decree as merely separating the Church from the State would he to convey a very intperfect idea of its object. Its aim is the capture and annexation of the Church by State. If the separation, even on the lines of the present law, had been effected after negotiatious with the Holy See had proved futile, at least the outward decencies would have been ohserved. But the new Government was anxious to confront Parliament with a fair accompli and so preferred to violate the Concordat without any reference to the other party to the contract. The property of the Church in lands and money all the endowments of her clergy are appropriated. The Lishon cor- respondent of "The Times" tele- graphed ou Monday: "It is officially stated that the Government securi- ties held hy the clergy--mostly lega- cies to the Churchwhich will be contiscated by the State, exceed *5,000,000 in value. In addition, there are lands and "other property not yet appraised." At the same time, there seems some desire not quite to kill the goose that lays the golden eggs. The stream of charity which flows for the service of God is not to be choked up altogether. Men may still give for the support of the clergy and the good of relig- ion, but the funds must be adminis- tered by persons appointed hy the State, and with liberty to intercept a third part of the contrihutions and to apply it "to purposes of civil ben- eficence." And this tolerant Govern- ment will even allow people to con- tribute to the huilding of churches :only it must he on the understanding that at the end of a certain term of years the buildings hecome the prop- erty of the State, Having thus suitably arranged for the robbery of the Church in the present anti the future, the new law goes on to enact special disabilities for the clergy. The control of pub- lic worship is to be handed over to associations of laymen. Priests are ineligible. Againit is made illegal to read a ltishop's Pastoral in Church, or to publish it in any way, without the previous permission of the Government of the Repulflic. Hrocessions are. forbidden, and thd clergy may not wear their cassocks in the streets--for it seems that the sight of a cassock is irritating to Re- puhlicans of the Portuguese type. Again, young ecclesiastical students before they begin to study theology are to be forced into the public lyees, in which the text-hooks, and the pro- fessors are both selected and ap- proved by the Government. And this new tyranny grinds small. For instance, it is provided that no priest may exercise his sacred functions if he hohls a degree in any sacred science conferred hy a university founded hy the Holy See. The whole :rend and aim of the new legislation is to separate the Portuguese clergy i from florae. Happily, though it nlay he some time before the full measure of the iniquities done in their name is understood by the mass of the people, there are some signs that the Government of Persecution is feel- mg very insecure. How else can we explain the sndden arrests made on the slightest suspicion in so many parts of the country? Nor is it easy to explain in arty other way the. suc- cession of affrighted appeals which are heing ntade to the Spanish Gov- ernnlent for" every new l)recautions on the frontier or the expulsion of this or that refugee. As a comic in- stance of the results of this sort of )anic of suspicion, we may note the determination of the Portuguese Govermnent for its greater safety to have the Provincial of the Jesuits withdrawn to the interior of Spain. But even the complaisant Canalejas must catch his hare before he cooks it. And through the vigilant Portu- guese Charge d'Affaires in Madrid is certain Father Cahral is somewhere in Vigo when he-is' not in Ponteve- dra, his letter in another column ex- plains that he is laappy to be in Bel- gitfnl. . ..... ..., ., .... BOOKS, A BLESSING AND A BANE. "A Good Book Is a Friend; the Best of Friends that Cannot Be Estranged or Take Offense Howe'er neglected, But Returns at Will With the Old Friend- ship." There is a crying need of Cathdlic books especially in the South, suited :to young men and maidens. Young ipeople are not prone to pore over the Lives of the Saints, though they may read a little along that line as a penance. Young people will read, and if good hooks are accesihle they will read the other kind. Why have we not an American Father Benson? The novels of tiffs English priest fill a long felt want even to Americans. His hooks are novels in the sense that they have a hero and a heroine with a lot of innocent love thrown in; he pro- and expresses moral truths without sermons. The novels of Rene 13asin--wlao is one of the late acquisitions of the French AcademyIare charming for young people. Bazin may he called the Dickens of the French; he writes of peasant life always with their helpless con- dition in view, always for their up- lifting. "The Nun" which deals with the separation of Church and State in France is of special interest to wo:-aen. lu a very old its well as ambitious Protestant Woman's Club, one of the members said "The Coming Har- vest" is the greatest hook the club has studied in twenty years." The hook means when all the world shall return to the Faith of our fathers. Unfortunately none of these hooks are published in cheap editions. Is it not a lamentable fact that the lib- rarie.s in the villiages are totally with- out Catholic books, yet our Catholic young people are forced to use li- hraries? That a godly number of bad hooks find their way to lihra- ties and into their hand goes with- out saying. It has come under the personal knowledge of the writer, that in many instances the "hest seller" of the month is given to girl graduates by a person who has not read the book. In the majority of the cases the "best .seller" is the "hest seller" be- cause it is sensational, for a wave of sensational literature still sweeps the land. Three of the new books in their splendid bindings of red and gold have ahsohttely done away with the marriage' rite, yet these books flaunt their evil inflnence from library shelves and respectahle homes. I f a good book is a friend, a bad one is an enemy that never dies; even in our prayers it may come to us like some devil to tempt us or when we lie down to rest with the sign of the cross, like a ghost it may haunt us. These books are anything but wholesale, shorn of their beauti- ful word painting, their roses, their romance and revelry, is thre not hidden within a subtle poison? De- coyed by fine description and led hy a distant moral idea, do we not unconsciously lose our trust and conception of righteousness? Elenita T. Kirkpatrick. THE APOSTOLATE OF THE PRESS. A Paper Read at the Quarterly Con- ference o the Clergy of Tren- ton Diocese by Rev. Steph-b en M. Lyons. ' Circulation of Catholic Newspapers. How we can hest increase thecir- ctflation of Catholic newspapers, and particularly our own diocesan week- ly, is a matter than concerns us all. Our duty in regard to newspapers is htid down very clearly hy our Holy Father and our Bishops. The Holy Father attaches very great import- ante to the support and circulation' of Catholic newspapers, and places this work before us as a duty as nee- essary nowadays as the huilding of churches, schools and asylums for the orphans and the aged poor. The Bishops everywhere insist more and more upon the same duty, lance there can he no mistaking the ntind of the Church on this matter. They have dechtred again and again that the welfare of the Church aud the de- fense of Christian Catholic principles depend to a great extent on the eh- ergy with which the Catholic press is supported. This fact appears clear- ly in the history of the Church in Germany, Austria, France, Belglnm, and Holland 'during tile last half cen- tury. Where Catholic ideals and prin- ciples are recognized the Catholic press is vigorous and well supported; where the people are being dechris- tianized the Catholic press has been neglected. The sacred duty of bringing the Catholic newspaper each week to every Catholic homelies on our con- scieuce as the spiritual guardians of Catholic faith. The circulation of the Catholic weekly in every parish de- pends on the hearty interest taken in it by the pastor. In no other country have the clergy a more re- sponsive, suhnfissive, generous and loyal laity. Fix in the minds and hearts of the people the advantages and the great need of the sound Catholic weekly and they will re- spond. This most necessary work must not he left to the small nutn- ber of Catholics who have hitherto supported the Catholic press with courage and devotion in spite of ap- athy and heap criticism. Only when the entire Catholic body takes this work seriously to heart and joins in united, zealous efforts may we hope for the success that has attend- ed Catholic action in Germany and Austria. Methods of circulating pa- pers will vary according to local cir- cumstances. Zealous pastors who have, after various experiments, de- vised phms of circulating Catholic newspapers in their parishes can ren- der splendid service by communicat- ing their experience for the benefit of others. Catholic editors will, with- out doubt, welcome practical sugges- tions of this kiud. Catholic socie- ties, workifig with the approval and hearty encouragement of their pas- tors, can accomplish very much in this line by making the circulation of Catholic newspapers one of their chief works. Let the societies in ev- ery parish he encouraged and urged to appoint committees to solicit sub- scriptions for the diocesan weekly especially and persistent, zealous ef- forts made to bring a copy to every Catholic home in the parish. If ev- ery society would vote a certain per- centage of its annual receipts to pro- vide copies of a Catholic weekly for families too poor to subscrihe, great good would he accomplished. The proper support and extension of Catlmlic newspapers should be taken up in all earnestness by Catholic so- cieties, made the suhjects of discus- siofi and examination of conscience at their meetings from time to time, and the importance of the Catholic press explained and grounded in the '" (Continued on paae 5) A NOTE ON THE NEW FRENCH PREMIER. The recent and suddeu fall of the late French Ministry has brought to the front one of those strange, cold silent men who advance by" their hard solid brilliancy which a sense of justice in friend and enemy is hound to admit. The new Premier , Monsieur Cal- liaux has nothing in contmon with the gifts and attributes which are to be expected in those who occupy high positions in the councils of a nation. Tact, diplomacy, social ease and grace and sympathy are invalua- ble when they are developed to an unusual degree, and one may assume that most of them are necessary to a statesman who is to lead aud mould the policy of a government. Diplo- macy may contain an infinite capac- ity for tact; social ease and polish may mellow with the increasing ears, and in the antenities of the new French Premier, these seem to he wholly if not totally lacking. It is safe to take for granted that his name is scarcely known in this country and that many queries have been phed as to his character and ability. Premier Calliaux has the ordered precision of amachine with the mon- otony of those who are too icily chilly to ever feel the springs of emotion or the pulsings of enthus- iasm. He is a living encyclopedia of fig- ures, and has a profound grasp of economical problems; lie has no elo- quence and no ibility to hold an au- dience with that nimhle versatility often characteristic of his country- men. ltis power lies in his extraor- dinary knowledge of the devious ways of commercialism and the world of linance, and this unrivalled knowledge has proved of the great- est value to a Government which is invariably .forced to meet theories of taxation which one class will attempt to thrust upou another regardless of an equitable burden. One might naturally snppose that a nature so cold and unsympathetic would exert a strong sturdy influence against the Church in a country where the pop- ular shibboleth is "anti-clericalism". This has not been so wtih CalIiaux, and it is all the more surprising when we rementl)er that lie has drawn sus- tenance from the ideas which dom- inated the revolution of 1879, and from the lives of the men who were leaders in those days. Figures have been called intoler- ant before now; the narrow power of reason developed fit, last and all the time is clear euough in these days as in others. The atrophy which falls upon the power of under- standing of the more hunmn side of character is fatal to a sympathetic contprehensiion of mankind who are not spanned by a rigid system of log- ic applied to the various aims and ideals of their existence. Excessive logic is potent to cramp the nfind when it is brought to hear on those questions which can elude it and defy it by their essence, and your great logician, may after all, he a great ig- norantus. In the new French Prem- ier we lind an exception for which the socialists do not rejoice, neither do the freethinkers raise their voices in acclamation. To those two sets of thinkers Briand was good and Clemenceau was good too, because the bond of union lay in the fanatic intolerance they showed the Church and Chris- tianity, but with Calliaux this bond has still to make its appearance. in France anti-clericalism has gone awry and proceeded far on the path of malignant persecution, and it will he interesting to note if the new Pre- mier will allow "Liberty", Equality and Fraternity" to he a reality in- stead of a legend placed over Courts of Justice. Calliaux is said to be on friendly :erms with the Archbishop of Paris and with others of the clergy. 'it is stated that his family attend Mass, and he on some particular occasion does not hestitate to be present. His tastes are of the simplest, and no one has accused him of self ag- grandisement or the cheap trimming of ideas which bow to cringing ex- pediency. Perhaps with this cohl, collected man of affairs the Church in France may be allowed a practical tolerance and freedom which has not heen ex- i tended to it in many years, in place Iof the savage puerilities meeted out to questions involving what is just, and what is right? C. DECKER.