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July 24, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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July 24, 1920

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THE GUARDIAN. SATURDAY, JULY 24, 1920. PAGE FIV Sacred Congregation's Persons of Note i Secretary; Card. de Lai, Roy. F. G. Hoiwecl of St. Louis, has an paper on the "Be'inninffs. in Little Rock" in the of "The Catholic Histori- The strut begins with following the Louisiana 1803. Francis X. Doyle, S. J. the intention of tim of the Sacred Heart fr Aup:- stress on the need for olic laymen in politicial Dr. blurphy, fame as a surgeon in Chi-I going to be forgotten if i and 'ers can help it. have been col- erect a monument to him. will be a practical one. ---.._._.__ J. Danby, S. J. Marq;aette University 0Urnalism, writes on the Press and the journalists in ration on the part of the aspirant. l'eople, as we know. depend upon tlle papers not only for amusement .'rod news but to a very great extent for their views and their opinions on all the questions of life. The journalist by his very profes- sion, is a critic and teacher, and should realize the responsibility of his position. A glance el/ almost any Of our daily papers would show you the wide range required of a man who wouht intelligently interpret, com- ment and criticise the news of the (lay. How easily this painfully crude "fake science," as they call it in the news room, could be excluded to make room for dear, popular articles that would bring worthwhile information to the reader. Again consider the extreme stories of evolution, the cave man and his tribe. Could stories of this kind find theil  w;.y into print if the journalist were grounded in sound principles of philosophy? Take the serials and evening story that are printed in the average daily. Could this silly, sentimental slush ever find a truism to say that its way into print.if the literary edi- has given an incredl-,tor were able to recognize real liter- atholic social activity, ature ,when he saw it? Or would he of the war found us, asl(lare print it if he realized the far- , everybody else, ut-!reaching influence of his work? a :or the g:eat task I Newspaper men are prone to excuse s. We had to learn l .......... temps of thousands and tne cheap wL sne VUlgar numor m Praises Bishop's Pastoral Books of Interest I When the July Bookman makes its appearance it will carry Cordelia Straiten Parker's "An American His Eminence James Cardinal Gibbons has received the following let- Idyll" as one ot the six preferred tcr from His Eminence G. Cardinal de Lai, Secretary of the Sacred Con- titles in non-fiction, throughout the sistorial Congregation, praising the Pastoral Letter sent out by the Ame- whole of the U. S. rican Hierarchy: It is a feeling biograpry of a pic- tresqze type of man, who was be- ginning" to revolutionize sociology from a teaching standpoint, at the time of his death. It has all the frankness, breeziness, camaraderie of the West within its covers The book opens with the novel meeting of Cornelia Straiten and Carleton Pai'k- His Eminence James Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop of lhlltimore. Your Eminence: The l'astoral Letter ad(h'esscd last. September hy the American hier- archy to the Catholic people of the United States has offered every great pleasure to the Sacred Consitoral Congregation. Your wise provisions for the admini.tration of religious life in your dioceses dese-es the fullest lie Associations, the close attention to the welfare of immigr:mts, and other matters. May God grant you all the grace needed for the success of your hopes and in palicular for the active cooperation of the clergy and the faithful with their Bishops. [ remain Your Eminence's most humble and obe(lient sol,ant, G. CARDINAL DE LAI, Secretary of the Sacred Consistorial Congregation. approval, particularly your insistence on the closest possible union with or, when he was a senior and she' a the Apostolic See. On this close relatio:.'ship, indeed rises, as on a solid freshman in a Western college. She foundation, that unity which Our Divine Re,deemer desired; on it also de- liked the simple nature lovin'g pleas- pond the life -rod welfare of the Catholic people. It remains now to axe-I ures that he did, and their courtship, cute eme.;t]y and efficiently the measures propo.d xith so much wis- from a financial standpoint would dora and zeal, pm%icularly all that oncerns the administration of the Sa- make the modern lover stand aghast. raments, the devotion to the Blessed Mother of God, the growth of Catho- It totalled so,nothing less than $25 and it covered a longer period than a few months; for Cornelia Stratton's father was a practical man and he- would not allow her to marry Carlo- ton Parker and to go to Persia in pursuit of a prospect for livelihood so she completed her collegiate course and married soon after. It was as a bond salesman that he began his business and his marital to be made to the Sacred College m the career, but the call of the teaching Inext consistory are difficult. There profession proved too strong to re-- is a feeling that another consistory sist, so with the assistance of Mr. is to be held before long, and that or- Stratton he ,went abroad to complete Lain needs of the Church in differ- his studies in his chosen field-socio- In regard to money 'ell the country iR the Catholic Church in this is a matter of d not be dwelt upon he signing of the ar- conviction deepened in eladers that their was the end of a beautiful relation- ship that had filled her life. In view of their belief she speaks of follow- ing what she felt would be his wish in the matter. She had his body cre- mated and his ashes scattered upon the bosom of the broad Pacific. Ten years of human happiness, that's ,what "The American Idyll" contains and a recol:d of a life just beginning to make itself felt in the realms Of so- ciology. C. TIlE CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA The significance of Dr. Kinsman's regard fo] .... Phe Catholic Encyclope- (tia." as expressed in his charming "Salve Mater" has not escaped the attention of the Protestant or Catholic reviewer. It recalls to mind at once Newman's appreciation of the power of the printed page. The Encyclope- dia, from being an evidence of Catho- lic scholarship, becomes an evidence of the. Church twhich has possessed such scholarship. As a rule we appreciate better wat we possess when others discover and admire it especially when the others are not as favorably disposed toward us as they might be. Catholics were all along satisfied that they at.ranted a fair proportion of scholars, thor- oughly informed and equipped, when need be, to give evidence of their learning:, but those who are not Catho- its problems, as in- as those of of geLLing the coun- a peace footing had With. It is still going c0atinue for many years of opinion leaders that the of e Chuffch n now than at any history. And with is a realization and develop, in- the means at hand. that led to the National Catho- ad later on to the de- National Catholic with its differ- bureaus covering all the Church. One of and one of the for the future of is that devoted to equipment' and fa- press associa- has begun Will prove the step- things in Catho- and co-operation not only the de- Catholic papers now the realization of a for Catholic Way to fulfilhnent. of means should the growth of the the organiza- news service, our of accmte, up- of all impmant ,orld. Of take time; but with at the read of af- With confidence to the third geat re- in itself and than financial back- erVice? I mean the en to take up the responsibilities of the Work has 1)een done, men rho have sac- in life to Church. A large engaged in this as pioneers it was to blaze the wilderness. , or rather the want of they have In spite of support, and inertia on the any Catholics , the Catholic of honor in this Work is bearing joui-aalism is on Xpansion beyond the reas of a decade s to a.k.where are den to continue and in the World culture, a and more exact of the joqrnal- there is .no profes- Which requires a jokes and cartoons, tlm taw(hyl senti- [ment and the glaring headline by say- ing that this is what the public want, when we know that the real reason is that this is all the writer can give. All this is bad, and if there is nothing more to be said against them, ,would go a great way towards justi- fying the strictures'of thoughtful men on the secular papers. But all this is, in itself, trival compared with tim grosser faults found in so many of our papers. The playing up of th.e sensational the suggestive and the sordid details in the news has be- come the prevalent vice of a large numl)er of our newspapers. Again they tell us this is what the public want; and again we might justly con- elude that this is all the writer has to give. .Statistics compiled by the. Mar- quette University School of Journal- ism on the angle from which crime, scandal amt divorce stories are treat- e(1 throughout the country, show an alarming tendency on the part of once conse-ative journals to play up the sensational, the lowed and the' re- volting side of life. Hitherto the Catholic ,veeklg, has "The Catholic Sense" To the Editor of The Guardian: The Rev. l)r. /)ace, professor in the Catholic University delivered at the meeting- of the Catholic Educational Society recently held in New York, an address which should be broughf to the attention of all Catholics, and with a view to interesting your Dead- ors in that admirable address, I am offering this synopsis: The Catholic Sense as explained by Dr. Pace recognizes instinctively what is the correct thing for a Catho- lic, for it feels with the Church and quickly recognizes the man or the measure that does not ring true. The first mark of the "Catholic Sense" is loyalty to the authority of the Church. That does not mean mere intellectual conviction; it shews itself an actor in cooperation, in soli- citude for the affairs not merely of the parish but of the diocese and of the Church at large. A second mark of the "Catholic Sense" that is conservative, and is neff carried away by the glamor of so- called progress. It is conscious of the truth and never forgets that the ent countries will be recognized as far]logy--He worked before going abroad lie had little means of knowing the as possible. It is reported, for e'x-las a miner, laborer, and his naturl- etent of our scholarship, and it was ample, that Archbishop Mannix ofllY affable manner gained him the therefore, natural that men like Kins" Melbourne Australia, who is on his J confidence of the workmen as well as man should assume that evidence of way to Rome for his vist' ad limina,]the employer. All this proved a valu- Catholic scholarship were exceptional. may receive a Red Hat and later onlable asset later on. At Heidelbergllndeed, prior to the publication of the be enthrusted with a See in Ireland. he rdceived the degree he had been lEncyclopedia, so few were our first- Sacred College Iseeking and lafer he returned to the Iclass books, or at least so little known At this. time there are but eight IUniversity of California as. associate [outside of a limited professional circle vacancie. in the Sacred College. The professor of Sociology, and still la-]of priests and laymen, that even plenum of the college is 70. but in tcr lie*was made head of the sociolog-' CAtholics generally could form no as- practice it is not customary to exceed ical depmment at another univer- 69. There are now 62 Cardinals. As sikv. To make his salary of $1700 has been already noted in this cor- sustain himself and his two children respondence there are at present, for necessitated extra work, and when the second time in recent years, more the family numbered a new. little gill foreign than Italian Cardinals. The whom he lovingly called "June Bug" latter number 30 and the former 31, his working hours had to be prolong- with one reseed in pectore in De ed beyond the usual ones. The book comber, 1916, and not yet proclaimed. Reduced by Deaths With the growth of the Curla's workfor this is the central govern- ment of the Churehthe strain on the various Congregations has become very heavy In 1911 the number of working Cardinals in Curia was so much reduced by death, ill health or old age that Pope Plus X requested Cardinal Rampolla, who had been liv- is a record of the beautiful human and happy relationship existing in his home. His love for his wife and his children colored is whole exis- tence and he made of her his confi- dante. At the outbreak of the war the government called him to settle some strikes which were breaking out all ver the country and he did so ami- cably, to the satisfaction f all. He timate of its extent. It is not sur- prising, therefore, to learn that a very large number of Catholics have come  to know the extent and the value of "The Catholic Encyclopedia" from its recommendation by Protestants, and men of no creed at all. Scarcely had the first volume ap- peared, when a chorus of.praise re- sounded in favor of its fairness. Re- viewers were taken by surprise that the writer of the article on Alexan- der ,VII. should admit frankly, and over his signature some of the worst things that could be. written against this Po,e. The aicle on the Baptists in the second volume met with the hearty approval of readers and members of a _ins in strict retirement, to give once was serving in the post.Lion of arbiter that sect everywhere. had fiehi sf its own, free from the Church has heen established on the[m0r e his eminently valuable service at the time of his death. The article in volume III. on Calvin, necessity of rep6rting news which did in the active administration of the I We glean much of that fine sense was acknowledged to be the very best hurch's affairs. I of justice that made Carleton Parker brief biography of the originator of In the nine years that have since la mediator and an ahbiter. Presbyterianism, and so on, as the elapsed, the work of the Congregvtions I The American Idyll can truthfully t volume a,ppeaved those who looked has been considerably increased. Of[he called a human document. It i's into theln for evidence of superficial the sixt. one Cardinals(leaving, out[so human at times that it hms. The or partisan wisting were at first dis- of the count tbe one still held in lintimate home life which made for[appointed, then delighted and next pectore), 38 are abroad and 23 are this happiness is revealed througholinspired not only to give the work in Rome. But not all of these are the pages, but there is an exclusion Idue praise, for its lroad and fearless papers touching all sides of life and , ,, ;o a; ...'..^ ...... capable of continuous active work in }of God. When death claimed him she[spirit, but also to use and recommend , . ..,  . ,. .. , . ense ,, a ,,,sp,,s.u,,, to furet. elf the Congregations and offices. The[accepted it naturally, regretfully. Itlit. ]'2s2:b:,  l)c%::ltg:f:;a:ihenm:anY " and to magnify the Church. Willing- number of those 'ho can give their[FRENC H COMI;ENT .......... ..... " ,- 2 ": ness to set aside personal consider- 51(IOHY lor t, ne poison ouno. in So ......... . I aliens, wnen llle avanmge ot me many papers. , . . . ,,," , ., .... Church s concerned. s a sacrifice to uo mm properly woum suppose ...... . - . . ]which the sensitive Cathohc is always fo::dd?::he'lo t::ln::of ::d ;e:tr: willing' to .make. This willingness to ...... u, ,. , , a . , eliminate selfishness is a:proof of than all else, no anolic journalis , ., .... , ., -- must hay- ". -'-'  ._ a ..... Ial[n an(l zeal WnlCn may Well De , uttu xoun(lal;lon in me ,, called the triumph of The Catholic nol directly concern the welfare of Catholics; therefore it stood aloof from the mere secular news of the day and (lid not have to enter into competition with the journals whose defects we have just enumerated. But now, if the press is to expand, if we are to have our own Catholic dell- Rock of Peter. A third mark ix closely connected with the second, for where there is great love and attachmen to truth flaere must be a corresponding hatred of and shrinking from error. Con- sideration for the one in error, and reprobation for the error itself is its motto. ies, and if they are to be rea news- A fi)urth mark of "The Catholic principles of the moral law. Many, ,, of his readers will not admit the au-I 'ense" thority of the Church but all 'of I T. them cart be reached by putting the lpRlES- T question upon a high ethical plane. 1 . ASSAILED He does not need to appeal to the BY BOLSHEVISTS Church, if he be properly trained in I (By N. C. W. C. lews Service) ethics, to prove that the material[ " _ _ , must yield to the spiritual, sentiment New York Jiuly 16.--Three men to reason, convenience to duty. Ie]who are accused of having attacked must be convinced himself and must [Roy. Father Nichol Pidhorecki, pastor convince ethers'that only that news is[of St. George's (Ru'thenian Greek) permissible which is fit to print and that in editok'ial comment, in the fea- ture and human interest story noth- ing can be placed before the reader that would debase his emotions, weak- en his will or lower his ideals. The nlore ,we think of the future of Catholic journalism and the in- fluence of the men who will be at the head of it, the more we are impress- ed ;ith the need of a Bread journal- istic ttining which includes among the first essentials of its course not only a familiarity with literature and science in general, but also a solid [training in logic, sociology, psycho- iogy and ethics. "" I OBEDIENCE AND RESPECT. Church at 22 East Seventh street, last week, are held on charges of fel- onious assault, carrying concealed weapons and attempted robbery. Mu- r:icipal detectives and operatives of the 12apartment of Justice say that the men acknowledged membership in the Union of Russian Workers, a se- cret political organization, and.that they admitted they were radicals. Although Father Pidhorecki was Severely beaten, he fought so valiant- ly that he drove his assailants away. In the encounter one of'them was ao- cidently shot by a companion with whom Father Pidhorecki was gTappl- ins. The bullet was intenled for Fa- ther Pidhorecki. Father Pidhorecki has denounced Bolshevism and it is believed that To an onlooker of 'Catholic faith, lthe men were bent on punishing him there is a grim satisfaction in know-lfor his utterances., ins that there is a very consMerable part of the public who have come to th conclusion that whet the chin dren of the public schools need and mus.t have is religious education. 1 The Catholic kvows that the virtues I of obedience and respect for auth-] ority are among the foundations of I his 'educati0n, and fo those who hold[ that these axe Unnecessary, all that] we can m: "Wait and see." time and attention to the gore.m- dained in one (lay in the archdiocese ROME SPECULATES ON CREA- " TION OF NEW CARDINALS (By N. C. W. C. News-Servlce) Rome, July 1.In all speculations as to the identity and apDoxionment of Cardinals, the necessities of the Roman Curia are not to be overlooked. lu,mtl surmises as to additions ment of the Church is therefore in- adequate. Eight Vaemacies With eight vacancies, and probably only seven nominations, it is certain that the Holy Father will not be able to he.nor and help several @ountries as im would like. In respect to the umber of representatives in the Sa- cred College, France after" Italy has a long lead with eight. The British Empire has four--Two English, one Irish and one Canadian'--butt ,here are many who would like to see the strength of the Faith in Canada and Australia rewarded, did opportu- nity offer. History May Be Repeated It has been thought for a long time that His Holiness. would like to bestow one or even two Red Hats on American' prelates, ,and thus repeat the history o the "American" consis- tory of 1911. Germany is regarded as certain to be honored at the next consistory, fo that country has only one Cardinal. Though "Cardinalatial l, osts", as such, no longer exist as formerly, the great See of Colog0e de- sees the dignity. There is but one Cardinal in all South America. " [ Out of Politics . ,1 Although there are eleven Cardinals[ ruling Italian dioceses,. His Holines,-'[ may, see valid reasons, which escape the outside orld, for adding to the nmnber of Pastoral Cardinals here. One thing is always observable in the creation of Cardinals. That is that the "resulst always show how much better informed and advised is the Holy Father than the outside and unofcial prophets. It must al- ways be,remembered that Cardinals are never made for political reasons, and those who include such a factor in their calculations are sure to go wrong. There is little consolation in being the to ON PROSELYTISM IN LATIN LANDS (By N. C. W. C. lqews Service) Paris, July 1.--From he pen of a writer in, La Croix comes new evi- dence of the feeling of uneasiness and resentment with which Catholics in Latin Europe are beholding Protes- tant efforts at wholesale proselytism in those countries. After pausing to "render .homage to the charity of the United States (luring the great war," and to declare that "when the hitory of this charity is better 'known, it will astound th world by its munificence and gran- deur," this writer says: "A great movement is preparing-- what am .I saying ?--it has alread. Iegunwhich has for its object the infusing into Europe a new spirit, the spirit of Luther, of Henry VII1 and of Calvin. Never since the so- called Reformation has Protestantism devoted itself to such a vast task, and never has it been animated by such a spirit of aggression. "It is a disquieting thing and wor- thy of remark that it is not among the pagan nations that these good apostles have sworn to carry their consuming zeal; it is above all, anmng the Latin nations, that is to say, in those cooantries where th religion of Christ is ".,urest, and where, in con- ,equence, t:m need of their narrow faith makes  itself lesa felt." This enterprise of evangelism the u.iter describes as "an unethical pro- paganda, because based on money." [ PRmSTS Oi00DAINED IN IRELAND WILL SERVE IN U. S. (By N. C. W. C. News Service} of Dublin and the dioceses of Water- ford and Wexford. Sixty deacons were ordained at Maynooth by Dr. Morrisroe---one of them, the Rev. J. Harnett, for the di- ocese of Los Angeles. At All Hallows, eleven were or- dained by Dr. Shiels, Bishop of Rock- hampton, all for foreign fields. Of these the Rev. D. Lydon will go to the Diocese of Alton, the Roy. J. O'- Brien to Wheeling, the Rev. T. Hayes to Natchez, the Rev. M. My'es to Sacramento and the Rev. J. Buckley to Los Angeles. Five of the nine priests ordained by Dr. Hackett at St. John's College, Waterf0rd, will go to the United States. They ae the Rv. A. McGrath Seattle; the Rev. P. Reddin, Fargo; the Rev. R. Kilgannon, Richmond; the Rev. M. O'Brien, Salt Lake, and the Rev. W. Mulvihill, Charleston. At St. Peter's College, Wexford, thirteen were ordained. Those who will go to the United States are: the Rev. J. Dohey, Wheeling, and Rev. P. Blackburn, Richmond. REV. DR. PACE A PROTONOTARY Rome, July 18.--Very Rev. Dr. Ed- ward A. Pace, general secretary of the Catholic" University, Washington, D. C., ha been appointed by the Pope protonotary apostolic at the request of Cardinal Gibbons and many bish- ops, in recognition of the great work hc has done in behalf of Catholic ed- ucation. Dr. Pace is vice president of the Gatholic Educational Assoeiatibn and an'officer and promoter of other important educational organizations. He was one of the editors of the Cath- olic Encyclopedia. Dublin, July 16.--Thirteen priests A woman can look at a man in a who will labor in different dioceses way that makes him feel like a plug- in the United States were among the god nickel--then she spoils the effect inety-three, young men or- I .!