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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
July 18, 1969     Arkansas Catholic
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July 18, 1969

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THE GUARDIAN, JULY 18, 1969 PAGE 5 The Question Box By Msgr. John E. Murphy, S.T.D. Director, Diocesan Department of Education 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark. What is meant by the Order"? The term "mendicant" originally to orders Who were commit- to renounce the right both as individuals kembers of the commun- movement grew social environment of the early 13th centuries. of people were from the land and identified with growing The newly emerg- constituted a threat to structures. read the idea life was lacking in With the teaching of the thus developed 'e doctrinally dangerous. thus developed hurch throughout Eur- arts of church author- the problem had little lasting effect. The problem was met by the foundation of new religious com- munities within the Church. Under the leadership of St. Francis of Assist, religious men and women were brought together in a life Questions for this column should be addressed directly t o The Rev. Msgr. John E. Murphy, Diocesan Direc- tor of Education, 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark., 72207. Each question must be signed with the name and address of the person submitting it. Ur.- signed questions will be ignored. of poverty and obedience to au- thority, while St. Dominic Guz- man afforded inspiration for those whose community life would com- bine the pursuit of learning with apostolic zeal. After the pastoral reforms of the Fourth Lateran Council (1215), these new reli- gious communities acquired great influence in the Church• Theywere followed by the Carmelites and the Augustinians, both founded in the middle 13th century. All four com- munities received official recog- nition as Mendicant Orders at the Second Council of Lyons in 1274. Today the status and privileges of the Mendicant Orders are still recognized by law. Since the Coun- cil of Trent most of the Mendi- cant Orders have been allowed to hold property in common, and adjustments have been made which facilitate the functioning of the Mendicant Orders in contemporary society. By general law mendi- cant orders are still allowed to gat- her alms in any diocese in which they have a house, subject only to their own religious superiors. Custom and local agreements, however, contribute to the satis- factory settling of difficulties which may arise in this matter. RIGHT REVEREND EDWARD T. O'MEARA NATIONAL DIRECTOR What Would Christ DoT in life we must ask ourselves: What would Christ do? He react in this or that situation? also asks this question many times over! Faced :OUragenent or difficulties, he, too, attempts to learn what do• He, too, wants to imitate Christ as well as he can. reign missionary asks this question in a letter to our office: four and a half months since I arrived in Japan, in a new citizens. What does one do to spread the Faith among for whom Christ is just a vague name in their history Would Christ Do? He could gather great crowds around Him as He gave • rmons• His very presence on the streets, in the busses, His sanctity and charity, would inspire many to follow I cannot• His night long vigils with His Father would reap converts• really do what Christ would do. All I can do is TRY to and in His chapel, morning and night, plead with Him to special love on Japan, to bring more and more to know the letter continues, it is clear that this missionary is cer- the example of Christ. Armed solely with his gospel of Christ in his heart, he is proceeding on a missionary of the Holy Spirit is gently breathing over us," he writes. flock of 15 Christians has increased to 30. On Holy Saturday of baptising our first Christians, a mother and her It was one of the most joyful baptisms I have ever per- new Christian, Mary Magdalene, was so happy that tears of down her face." of poverty and suffering, of illiteracy and disease, and Can we, as followers of Christ, know that there people who have not even heard His name, and remain missionary call of the Church? rse notl Let us, then, look to the example of Christ in His and concern for mankind. Let us pray and sacrifice for as• Let us do what Christ would do! The Missions Need Your Help in the Summer Too! Service are the work of The Society for the Propa- Faith. Please cut out this column and send your Reverend Edward T. O'Meara, National Director, New York, N. Y. 10001, or directly to your san Director, Msgr. John M. Balm, 2415 North Tyler Rock, 72207. • • • t • • • .. • . . . • • .. • . • , .. • .. •.... • • • ...-. "*,,.,,o,..,•.,,.j,,,,,.,.,o,..,o°,Qo ........ STATE ....... ZIP ......... Q. - How far can a person go in asserting his rights? A. - By a right is meant a person's moral claim to pursue a goal that pertains to him as a human being and that he is res- ponsible for reaching. Rights are founded on the objective fact of man's nature, and on the ultimate end which his nature objectively implies. As rational and free beings, men have the moral re- sponsibility to choose those means which will lead ultimately to their last end and, more immediately, to the proximate ends which are related to the last end. Thus every man has a right to worship God in accordance with his conscientious convictions. He has the right to choose the state of life which he deems most suitable for his own capacities and inclinations. If he marries, he has the right to educate his child- ren in accordance w,.'th his hon- estly evaluated estimate of their needs. Each man likewise has the right to freedom of expression and of action within the bound set by law. The rights of every indi- vidual are limited by the rights of other individuals• The rights of any one man are ranged in a scale (or priority) which requires careful consideration in particular situations, of his responsibilities towards others and towards the community as a whole. A man's right to reach his last end, and to take the necessary means towards this end, is not subject to any limitation. Rights such as those of free association with others, the control of private property and freedom of expres- sion, have social repercussions which make it necessary that they be subject to the control of social authority. Thus the very nature of a human right implies both that it may be exercised and that it is subject to limitation. The maxi- mum enjoyment of rights de- mands that each man recognize the restraints imposed by his co- existence in society with his fellow men. TRANGE BUT TRU E Little-Known Facts for Catholics By M. }. MURRAY ',,l,yr;ght, 119..q (',V,' ('..l,t',' ,qq.rvh'e In $1ep With Times Serra Taking New Tack In Vocation Promotion Milwaukee (NC) -- A world-wide organization of laymen that for years has promoted vocations to the priesthood now finds it must also place emphasis on encourag- ing perseverance in the ministry. That observation was made in an interview with the newly-elected president of Serra International, Paul Noelke, a Milwaukee attor- ney. He heads a group of more than 12,000 professional and business men who belong to some 325 Ser- ra clubs in 23 countries. Their primary goals are to become bet- ter informed and motivated Catho- lic men, and to promote and en- courage vocations to the priest- hood. Noting that there are no pat answers for improving the vo- cations picture, Noelke said help can be provided in all aspects of Church life -- from priests, sem- inarians, schools, teachers, par- ents and Serrans. He is convinced that prayer is a powerful means of aiding voca- tions. Although Serrans have conduc- ted various programs to encourage young men to enter priestly life, he said there must be new em- phasis on the perseverance of priests. "We have to get across to them this is something great and that it is important they continue," Noelke explained. "In these days there must be an increase in prayer and Ser- rans must grow in knowledge of what's going on in the Church. They must really try to work at vocations and for prieststoperse- were." Once priests leave the minis- try, there isn't much that Serra can do, Noelke said. But if mem- bers know of anyone dissatisfied with his priestly life they have a duty to urge him to get advice and counsel. He said, "Any individual $er- ran would be uncharitable if he would not try to offer some help if he knew of someone planning to leave the priesthood. "However, as an organization, it would be difficult to find a position on how to rehabilitate priests who leave. Besides, this may be getting out of our compe- tence since we are not theolo- gians, or psychologists who know how to deal with those problems. "It seems to me that Serrans should spark those fellows who are closer to kids andhave their respect to get back to the impor- tance and wonderfulness of voca- tions to the priesthood•" Noelke said there must be a change of attitude toward voca- tions. Too often only the nega- tive aspects of the priesthood are publicized, he noted. He added that Serra canbe more effective in future programs by getting younger members who can better bridge the generation gap with young priests, seminarians and youthful prospects. Noelke also called for parents to help by praying for vocations with their children and by being more positive in their viewpoInts on religious life. He said parents should more seriously consider the importance of the priesthood, show it is the center of Catho- licism, think more positively about it, and keep an open mind on current changes and innovations to come. A vocation is a gift from God and the most anyone can do is to help a boy see if he has that gift," he said. "It is important that Serrans get to know semi- narians on a personal basis-- to show an interest in them as peo- ple, to talk with them, to help them with their problems. "One of the big things of Serra is the fact that busy Catholic professional and businessmen are willing to give of their time and show interest in the priesthood in an indirect manner," Noelke sta- ted. He felt their interest has Im- pressed many young men as tO the importance of encouraging voca- tions.