Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
July 18, 1969     Arkansas Catholic
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July 18, 1969

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PAGE 4 THE GUARDIAN, JULY 18, 1969 Oui Vive? by The Sentry To Tell the Truth This is an age of loose thinking and of ignorance of fundamental principles. Not long ago the Sunday Magazine section of a well-known dally newspaper carried an article entitled "Is it ever right to lie?" by a nationally known director of a Psychological Service. The writer is also a university professor and should know something about the question he discussed. His attempt to answer the question was more like the reply of a man on the street than like that of a scientist. He ventured to assert that all of us are liars at times, yet he never even attempted to define what is meant by a lie. Of course what everyone wants to know is not whether one is ever permitted to lie, but whether there is any way for a person to protect himself against the questions of news mongers without insulting them. First of all, a lie is in its essence intrinsically evil and, as such, can never be permitted under any circumstances. A lie is an expression that is knowingly contrary to what is in the mind of the speaker. To permit lies would be to destroy the purpose and the use of speech. However, one is not always obliged to answer all the questions that may be put to him. One may use an ambiguous expression or a broad mental reservation. If anyone asks a person a question which is none of his business or which may be for the person questioned a professional secret, such a person is not obliged to tell the questioner, "It is none of your business." Such a reply might be construed as an insult or even the correct answer might be interpreted from the nature of the answer. So one may say, "I do not know," reserving in his mind the expression, "with a knowledge that I can tell you." This is the exact truth as it exists in the mind of the speaker. Most people are familiar with the fact that a prisoner when asked by a judge, "Are you guilty or not," may truthfully reply, "I am not guilty," meaning "until proven so in this court." A personwho is asked by a robber, "do you have any more valuables?', may answer, "No," that is "no more that he wished to surrender to a robber." People must have legitimate protection against busy-bodies and unmannerly individuals. A person when questioned by one who has no right to know may give an answer that appears to be the direct opposite to what is true provided it expresses the mind of the speaker. One may not make use of equivocation or mental reservation unless the circumstances warrant their use. To do otherwise would be to lie and to destroy trust and confidence. A person may not deceive those who have a right to know under the circumstances. And so the proper answer to the question "Is it ever right tolie?" is "No, Never." When a person makes use of what some call a "white lie," he is not actually telling a lie. He may use a mental reservation or an equivo- cation as a protective measure. When St. Athanasius was asked by his pursuers, "Have you seen Athanasius?" he answered, "Hasten, he is not far distant. Long Life and No Life In recent months a booklet was published by Austin Smith, M.D. Its title, the "Value of Life," is rather practical and intriguing, because it is a subject that appeals to a great many people. Dr. Smith was, at one time, the president of the Pharmaceutical Manu- facturers Association. This position made him familiar with all the advances that have been made in prolonging the lives of many persons by the cure and prevention of diseases which were once fatal. In his booklet he clears up some popular errors concerning the cost of drugs. It is a general opinion that the cost of medicine and drugs is unreasonably high and that manufacturers and dealers in drugs and other medicine make huge profits at the expense of those who are in no position to refuse to pay the prices. Yet according to the figures of the National Industrial Conference Board, the average family consisting of 3.2 persons pays only $37.76 in the course of a year on medicine. This amounts to only 0.73 per cent of the consumer expenditures as a whole. It was also reported that for 15 consecutive years, the price index of prescription drug manufacturers has de- creased, while the price of almost every other commodity has ad- vanced. The high efficiency of medical care and the discovery of drugs which prevent and cure diseases has posed a problem for people, communities and nations. The number of persons who now live to an age level once considered fantastic is even increasing. In many instances, the cost of living prolonged lives consumes the life savings of some persons and they are dependent upon welfare agencies to finance their expenses. Although these persons live to an advanced old age many of them do not enjoy life because they know very little of what goes oh around them. In fact the artificial prolongation of life by extraordinary means in certain instances becomes a moral problem. On the other hand, the population explosion has caused our legislators to enact laws which make it easy for persons married and in some instances even those who are single to obtain information that will enable them to prevent births. Just how these promoters and users of birth prevention measures live with their consciences is a matter of wonder to li great many people who believe in God and His moral laws. In fact God depends upon the cooperation of human beings in His plan to create souls. So, on the one hand we have old people, who have lost their apprecia- tiOn of living, having their lives prolonged to no purpose, whereas on the other hand, babies are prevented from being born according to God's will. In some instances, they are murdered in their mothers' wombs. "What is the Value of Life?" It has very little value to some in the modern world. "Fill the Uniw00se" .Managmg Editor's Pope Paul Says Don't Make 'Liberty' A Term of Confusion Vatican City (NC)=- Liberty is a "magic word," but Chris- tians must guard against making it into a "term of equivocal and dangerous confusion,', Pope Paul VI told a general audience. The Pope discussed liberty in light of what the Second Vatican Council taught the world on the subject. The Pope pointed out that "the council in no way invented liberty." Christianity has always been among the first to "exalt liberty, to recognize its existence." he said. Catholic thought, he added, "has always recognized this es- sential prerogative of man." In its teachings the Second Vat- ican Council "claimed for per- sonal conscience its inalienable rights, supported them with the magnificent theology of the New Testament and proclaimed them for all within the framework of human society." Developing his theme, Pope Paul said that the council "frings the play of liberty -- more than act- ually in the past -- into the inner forum of conscience." Once faced with conscience, the Christian must treat liberty in terms of the "supreme -- and today too often forgotten -- precept of total love of GOd." The Pope said the council's "moral orientation in favor of the person and of individual liberty authorizes a broader, more sport- German Nuns May Distribute Communion Muenster, Germany (NC) --In the diocese of Muenster, nuns may distribute communion if there is a shortage of priests and deacons. The Vatican has granted thisper- mission for a period of three years. Again due to a shortage of priests, the archdiocese of Col- ogne announced that it will ar- range for Catholic laymen in sev- eral parishes to perform tasks usually done by the parish priests. taneous and an earlier exercise of liberty .... "We will accordingly have a period in the life of the Church, and therefore in the life of each of her sons, of greater liberty: that is to say of less legal ob- ligations and less interior inhi- bitions. Formal discipline will be reduced, all arbitrary intoler- ance, all absolutism will be abol- ished. "Positive law will be simpli- fied and the exercise of authority tempered." The Pope added that Christians today must educate themselves "to the frank and magnanimous use of the liberty of the Christian who is delivered from the slavery of the passions and from the slav- ery of sin." Ending his talk, the Pope said: "Let us then sum up. Our times of which the council makes itself the interpreter and the guide to- ward liberty. We must feel happy and mindful of thishistorical trea- sure of ours. "And where can we find true freedom if not in Christian life? "Now Christian life demands an organized community; it de- mands a Church; according to Christ's thought it demands an order; it demands a free but sin- cere obedience. "It demands therefore an authority to safeguard and teach revealed truth because this truth is the intimate and deep root of liberty; for as Christ said, 'the truth shall make you free.' " S o c i o l o- gists, theo- logians, and politi- cians all over the Un- ited States seem to be making a ; hobby out of analyzing "student unrest," and I them has pinpointed ble. Sociologists see tiveness as the result slums, war and public to these problems. Theologians point to relevant religion, to a higher degree of religious void deriving ken homes. Politicians see ders as a harbinger proaches to age-old as an indication that telligent society is as evidence that be allowed to vote. All three of these "experts" strain thei] tions in " happening, and all reams of publicity for They avoid, however, cause of the trouble be stated so simply practically no news As a matter of motivation of the school and college be stated in one word: Disobedience. Do 5O YEARS THIS The Guardian Bald Knob -- Mass celebrated at Bald Sunday at 9 A.M. The is to be called the Our Lady, Queen of building will probably completed as to enable to say the first Mass Sunday. 25 YEARS THIS The Guardlan Adona-- St. of Adona ended its Centennial Week July 9 tinued throughout the special Mass of the newly floored and church on Wednesday. All the services were by the pastor, The Mulligan. U.S.A.4 Film Gets Catholic Berlin (NC) -- "Midnight Cow- boy," a U.S. film, was selected for the International Catholic Film Bureau (OCIC) prize at the 19th International Film Festival held here. The film, directed by John Schlesinger, received an A-4 rat- ing (morally unobjectionable for adults with reservations) in June from the U.S. National Catholic Office of Motion Pictures. Selections of films by the var- ious juries of the ternational film fesl technical excellence and J on the human and of the their content. Based on James Leo novel, "Midnight with the relationship of divergent sort of Texas cowboy did underprivileged other a frail crippled