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July 16, 1921     Arkansas Catholic
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July 16, 1921

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' ]PAGE SIX !::i  i i:) ' if, i lassemb]e-d on January 2"1b'i9, for-i really proclaimed the nation's inde- DL  " pendence and declared the republic of ,Ireland duly established. PEALS TO CONGRESS 8. This legitimate application of the principle of national self-determina- .... r tion, this peaceful pnd orderly exer- The Guardian publishes this week cise of their moral and democratic the touching address of Dail Eireann right by the Irish people, was met by to Congress of the United States. Not]the British Government with an im- "only is the appeal one that stirs the ,mediate and murderous exercise of heart strings, but it contains cold'brutal force. Troops and engines of facts relative to the Irish question destruction that for four years had that will appeal to the disinterested I been engaged on the Continent of /bystander in the world's work. Europe in the cause of the rights of The address was presented to the small nations, it was said, and the United States Senate by Mr. Borah fundamental principles of democracy, and referred to the Committee on For- t were rushed to Ireland and used to eign Relations and ordered printed. trample on those very rights and to To the elected Representatives of the people of the United States of America: We, the elected representatives of Ireland, recognizing in you the elect- ed Representatives in Congress of the people of the United States of Ameri- ca, our brethren in the common effort to hasten the day when the nations may dwell together in justice and in harmony, have the honor to gr{ et and to address you. 1. We fell certain that te struggle of our peoplethe people of Ireland against the aggression of England is not passing unobserved by you. We covet your esteem as we would value your sympathy and support and fear- ful least you be misled by the wide- spread, persistent, and insidious propaganda of falsehood through which Englanl seeks to create preju- dice against us--distorting the char- acter of the contest, we hasten to lay before you facts, so that correctly in- formed you may be able to judge justly. 2. The nation which we represent enjoyed for over a thousand years the life of an independent sovereign State among the States of Europe. Then a neighboring nation--England-- which had received the benefits of civiliza- tion and education first from our hands, lost to gratitude and honor and burning with lust for our possessions, burst in upon us as a conscienceless invader, and through the course of many generations strove to subvert our polity, annihiliate our language and our culture, suppress our indus- try, ruin our agriculture, steal offr trade and our commerce, deprive us of the advantages of our geographical position, cut is off from our ancient intercourse with other peoples, rob " "p. ' r  people's strangle that very principle in the name of which they had been enrolled and employed. 9. The reign of intensified military terrorism that was thus instituted, although rigorously persisted in, did not intimidate the voters at the en- suing municiple and rural elections for local governing bodies. The homes of the people were raided systemati- cally by day and by night, individual electors were murdered by bayonet anti bullet, men were taken by the thousand and dragged off to English jails, the fears of the women and children were mercilessly played upon, but the terror failed. The year, in- stead of weakening, increased the strength of the Irish people's deter- mination, and the republican repre- sentation showed an increase of 15 per cent on the previous elections though the system of "proportional representation" had been applied with the express design of reducing it. 10. To this further peaceful and constithtional action on our part, the foreign usurping Government replied with a still fiercer and more vicious brutality. 11. The national, political, cultural, and industrial associations of the peo- plewere proscribed, and membership deemed a crime. The right of public assembly was abolished and the press gagged. The elected representatives of the nation were declared a criminal body. All of their number with two exceptions were-seized from time to time and imprisoned in English jails where two have ah'eady met their deaths. 12. For over two years the people of Ireland bore patiently these ever- increasing burdens and persecutions without committing a single act of vi- THE GUARDIAN, SATUR DAY, JULY.16, 1921. abominations continue unabated. The English Govermnent's jails are being filled with our countrymen, some of whom have been murdered therein, and others put to the torture. New capital offenses are being created. The simple possession of firearms is a charge on which several Irishmen have been executed. Prominent citi- zens are carried as hostages by Eng- lish troops in their military expedi- tions against our people, and their lives forfeit if the unit with which they are traveling be molested. The elected-representatives of the nation, the mayors and the presidents of our municipa; ad urban councils, the chairmen of our county and rural councils--all the chief officers on whom devolve the direction,of na- tional and local administration are made objects of special attack, the uniform purpose being to prevent con- structive legislation, and to bring our domestic public affairs into chaos. Such, for example, was the purpose that lately prompted the murder of one lord mayor of Cork, the impris- onment till death of another lord mayor of Cork, and the imprisonment until his health was-penanently im- paired of the lord mayor of Dublin. 17. This demoniacal war upon our community is being waged with no other provocation than our insistence on our national right, and our faith- ful adherence to a pi'inciple which even the demon's masters themselves have pretended to serve. 18. The Irish people claim no more than their right as a nation to deter- mine freely for themselves h "' they shall be governed. We: their othcml spokesmen--their elected parliament and government call mankind to wit- ness that our people have ever been ready to welcome peace with Engla'd on that just basis. 19. On no other basis is peace pos- sible. We shall not surrender our na- tional right--nor will force compel us. Our cause is the common cause of humankind. To that cause we have pledged ourselves anti our people to remain faithful unto death. You, the representatives of a sister nation, can not, we feel, be insensible to the issue. The Facts of a People's Hopes. The following taken from the sta- tistics attached to the appeal of the Irish people to the United States Sen- ate give the political facts and figures of the Irish movement and th'y show too clearly for controversy the senti- PRINTS RESCUE DROWNING GIRL IN CARDINAL'S SIGHT SECRETARY AND CHANCELLOR JUMP FROM MGR. DOUGHER- TY'S AUTO INTO SCHUYL- KILL. . {lily N, C, . C. NEWB BERVIC) Philadelphia, July 9. All Philadel- phia is talking of the rescue from drowning today by two priests of Ella Thornton, a 19-year old servant girl, who came near to losing her life in the Schuylkill river. The two Phila- delphians who are doing the least talking are the Rev. George Caruana, secretary,, to Cardinal Dougherty and the Rev. Joseph A. Whitaker, chan- cellor of the archdiocese, the clergy- men who effected the rescue. The Cardinal was sho,,g the oeau- ties of Fairmount Park to two visi- .tors, Mgr. Patrick Supplee of Boston and the Rev. Joseph McCullough, rec- tor of the Church of the Holy Cross, Mount Airy. The Rev. James O. Pat- terson, a former secretary to His Emi- nence, now a member of the faculty of St. Charles Borromeo Seminary, and Fathers Caruana and Whitaker lalso were members of the party. About 1 o'clock, when the automo-i bile was approaching the Columbia river bridge on the East River Drive, a number of pedestrians rushed in! front of the car, waving their hands: and shouting that a girl was drown- ing. As the machine slowed down they clamored to know if any mem- ber of the party could swim. Without waiting to ask questions, Father Caruana opened the door of the car andAeaped to the ground be- fore the automobile had stopped. As he raced toward the five-foot retain- ing wall which borders the drive at this point, he divested himself of his coat and threw aside his hat. Arriv- ed at the caping, he saw the girl struggling in the water about 30 feet from the shore. Immediately, he jumped from the wall into the water. Cardindl Watches Rescue. Meanwhile the automobile had stop- ped and the Cardinal and the mem- bers of his party had hastened to the emban]ment. Far in advance of the others was Father Whitaker, who was also hatless and coatless by the time he reached the wall. Without hesita- our revenues, and erase our name from the roll of nations. 3. Failing to achieve these ends after centuries of criminal" effort this nation entered into solemn treaties ac- knowledging our national independ- ence and contracting to respect it for all time ,but this meant merely until our national defenses were disman- tled. Then treaties and contracts were treated as scraps of paper and the compact treacherously and bloodily violate& 4. All the resources of a powerful and ruthless tyranny have been em- ployed since in a desperate attempt to utterly destroy us as a nation. In the course of little over a century we have been robbed of wealth amounting to an empire's ransom, whilst within liv hag memory a population of eight and a half millions which, with the normal rate of increase, would have given us today a population oi t some seventeen millions, has been reduced by enemy acts to four millios--a crime unique among civilized nations. Our island is surpassingly fertile, generously en- dowed by nature' with every advan- tage and facility for industry, for trade, and for commerce, capable of supporting in happiness and prosperi- ty twenty millions Of souls, yet only last year it was publicly declared by the official head of the usurping Eng- lish Government that it was the con- sidered policy of that Government to banish from our country the young and strong--the flower of the four millions tha yet remain. 5. The Irish people have consistent- ly resisted this infamous tyranny to the .utmost of their power. Almost every generation has witnessed at least one armed uprising, and when the people were too weak to resist in arms they never ceased to make blear their hatred of the rule of the for- eigner. Their oppressor's declarations that the nationalsentiment of Ireland is guilty of "disloyalty" to English rule has been a constant acknowledg- ment of this attitude. The attitude and desire of the present generation has been made manifest beyond ques- tion. 6. On December 14, 1918, mindful of the principles professed by the Gov- ernment of Englahd durivg the Great War and seeing in the application of these principles a ready and a just means of arriving a t a peaceful and final eettlemeat of their own centuried struggle, the Irish people declared by an overwhelming majority at the polls for an independent Irish republic. 7. Aetinq on the mandate thus ex- pressly given by this national plebis- ere, carried out under the forms and laws prascribed by England herself, elected representatives olence, either in self-defense or in're- ments of a people whose story has prisal. I]a that period, thousands were ]been told so often and whose fate will torn from their homes and cast into lb e discussed this week in London prison, many died as a result of pris- . ,, ....... I By I rovm .... on" u'eamen, ana seven unarme(l cl- ........... I In the-Province of Leinster, of its lzens were V'lllIUlly muroerea Dy me 27 members, every one elected with, armed agents of the English Govern- ment, which openly incited the mur- ders and encouraged the murderers with rewards and promotion. 13. But this patience of the people at last became exhausted. Abandoned, as it seemed, by the world, the turn- ed to defend themselves as best they could. The British Government then put aside every restraint of civiliza- tion and deliberately resolved to pro- ceed without regard for life or prop- erty. So vile was the policy -ajected that their regular troops coulh not be relied upon to carry it out. T4e ex- convict from the jails, however, and the degenerate back from the trench- es, in'whose breast the savagery of the late war had extinguished the last sparks of humanity, could be depend- ed upon to have few qualms in deal- ing with their victims, and to cause little embarrassment to those in high authority amongst their employers by any nice regard for nominal disci- pline. A special force of these fiends was accordingly embodied. Allured by the prospect of an easy prey and un- limited loot, they were gathered to- gether from every corner of Britain, and operating with the whole British Army in their rear as a cover and a lrotection, they were let loose upon an unarmed and defenseless populace. 't4. An orgy of murde[" and robbery began. Neither age nor sex nor pro- fession was respected. Old men of 80 and little children of 8, sick and crip- pled boys, mothers and wives, even anointed ministers of God, were in- discriminately murderedthe bread- winner before the eyes of his family and the mother with the child at her breast at the cottage door. Houses, offices, workshops, factories and creameries were plundered and de- stroyed. Towns and villages were sacl(ed and burned down. The home of the farmer and the home of the artisan, the shop, tBe store he of- rice were looted and gven to the flames. 15. Whole districts were devastated and the produce destroyed in the hope of famishing the population. Individ- ual citizens were held up at the point of the revolver or bayonet and robbed on the public streets, and while these outrages were being perpetrated every kct of self-defensq on the part of the victims was advertised by English propagandists as a crime, and the murderers and robbers proclaimed champions of law and order. 16. At the present moment these one exception--and he by a majority of only 54 votes in a poll of 14,766- was a Republican. In the Province of Munster, of its 24 members, every one elected with one exception--and he a self-determi- nationist--was a Republican. In the Province of Connaught, of its 13 members, every one elected was a Republican. In the Province of Ulster, of its 37 members, 20 were official Unionists, and 2 Independent Unionists. The re- maining 15 opposed the connection with England, 10 being Republicans and 5 Parliamentary Nationalists, and so self-determinationists. By Counties. Ireland is divided into 32 counties In not one of these counties did the Unionists secure the entire represen- tation. In only four did they poll a majority. On the other hand, the Republicans, who pol!ed a majority in 27 counties, secured the entire representation in 24. Of the six Irish boroughs, not one returned an entirely Unionist repre- sentation. In only one of the six is the Unionist representation a majori- ty, whereas four of the Irish bor- roughs returned an entirely Republi- can representation. The Province of Ulster, the attitude of which is so much misrepresented by English propaganda, has nine coun- ties. In five of these cnunties the Re- publicans and self-determinationists combined polled a majority; in three they secured the entire representa- tion. In no county, even in Ulster, did the Unionists secure the entil'e repre- sentation, and they obtained a ma- jority in only four. Outside Antrim County, 14 of the members elected for Ulster were opposed to the British connection and only 10 in favor of that connection. In Antrim County alone, which includes the city of Bel- fast, did the Unionists secure any- thing approaching a homogeneous predominance. That county was al- lotted as many as 13 representatives. Of these, 12 were Unionists, so that over one-half of the total popular Un- ionist representation in Ireland came from a sifigie county. This extraordinary degree of una- nimity of opinion was registd h the Irish people despite acfiv inter- ference and aggression on the part of tion, he too, plunged into the river. The high leap of Father Caruana carried him to" the bottom, and he had reason to be thankful that he had no dived head first. The bed of the Schuylkill at this point is of thick, slimy mud, and it was with extreme difficulty that he freed himself from its suction. He came to the surface in time to see the girl going down for the third time and to hear the splash made by Father Whitaker as the chan- cellor hit the water. With a few powerful strokes Father Caruana got into deeper water, then, as Miss Thornton disappeared, he dived and caught her a little below the surface. As he grasped her, his hand encountered a scapular card, and as he brought her again to the surface he gave her conditional absolution. As Father Whitaker reached his side and assisted him with the young woman, the crowd on the river hank, the English forces, both preceding and during the election. As can be seen by these figures, the pro-English minority in Irelark' ;e rel- atively less than the .mority In Schleswig-Holstein who voted for union with Germany. Many of the newly established Re- publics in Europe contain larger min- orities in favor of a continuance of their political relationships of union with the Central Empires than the minority in Ireland in favor of union with England. The present coalition government of England was elected by what is re- garded as an almost unprecedented majority, yet the republican govern- ment of Ireland can show as the basis of its right a far greater relative ma- jority. The Coalitionists, including the Independent Unionists and the Na- tional Democratic Party, secured a vote of only 39.7 per cent of the total British register, whereas the Irish Re- publicans secured-50.2 per cent of the total Irish register. .That there was no ambiguity about the issue put to the electors is ad- mitted generally and borne witness to by the Irish Unionist Alliance---that is, the pro:English Party in Ireland. In a statement on the 1918 elections this body officially states: "The general election of December, 1918, was the first occasion when the numerical strength of Sinn Fein could be officially known, for they contested all the constituencies against the sit- ting home-rule members. They stood boldly on the issue of an Irish repub- lic, free from all connections with :England, and on that issue swept the Home Rule Party out of existence." which now numbered several hundred persons, broke into cheern. But the task of getting the girl ashore was not an easy one. Already the two priests, treading water had again encountered the black mud of the river bottom. Father Caruana. !disappeared, and for a minute hoth Father Whitaker and the party on shore were apprehensive. Then he came to the surface. "It's all right, Father," he said, "I just went under to see what things were like. If you can back toward the shore 1 will go under again and shove her toward you. But I think we'll need a rope." Pulled Ashore by ]pv. Even when a rope was commandeer- ed from a passing automobile, the task of hauling the two priests and the girl to the shore was not an easy one, as the clergymen had begun once more to sink in the mud. When at last they were all brought to land, Father Caruana was so covered with the slime from his struggles under the water that his face was plastered ::::::::::::::::::::::::: I Classified By our new ,easy, quick, simplified method, at college or by mail, you can quickly qualify as bookkeeper, ac- countant, stenographer, secretary or civil service employe or telegrapher and stationmaster, and we guarantee you a position when you qualify. Write today for information, stating course desired. OFFICE SUPPLIES, DESKS, TYPEWRITERS PRINTING Our printing plant is very complete automatic feeding presses doing fir.- est of work. black an(l the ooze had so filled his[ Send for illustrated price list . nostrils that he could scarcely ITypewriters breathe. .  [PARKIN PRINTING & Cardinal Doughery was the nrst to[ .gTATIONFRY COMPANY grasp the hands of the rescuers and I ........................ to envelop them in blankets from the[ automobile. Meanwhile the girl was passed over to several park guards who had responded to call and wa. receiving first aid. As she =ha not Im- mediately regain consciousness, treat- ment was continued in an automo- bile, in which she was hurried to the Woman's Homeopathic Hospital. Father Caruana' dangers were not yet ended, however. The Cardinal's party had re-entered the automobile and the secretary was just cl)sing the door, when Father Patterson's hat blew off. Father Caruana leaped to the ground to get it, when his mud- coated shoes caused him to slip al- most directly in front of the machine which had got under way. With a quick side roll the priest just man- aged to get clear. Cheered by Crowd. Amid renewed cheer from the crowd, the party started for the archi- episcopal residence, where the two priests, having bathed and changed their clothes, declared they were none the worse for their experience. "It was nothing," said Father Caru- ana to reporters. "I was born and lived as a boy in Malta, and every soul in Malta knows how to swim." His Eminence was greatly concern- ed for the recovery of iss Thornton and telephoned personally several times to the hospital. He was pleased when he learned-at la.t that the young woman had regained conscious- ffdss and wgs out of danger. It is be- lieved she fell into the water from the stone coping when overcome by the heat. Father Caruana s secretary to tha Cardinal for the secon mm. He served in the same capacity when Mgr. Dougherty was a bishop in the Philippines. A MAN I like to see a man proud of the place in which he lives. I like to ee a man live so that his place will be proud of him. 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