Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
July 16, 1921     Arkansas Catholic
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July 16, 1921
 

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PAGE FOUR i i ,@ Published Weekly by THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock 309 WEST SECOND STREET Entered M mecond.cla matter March 21, 1911, at the postofllce at Little Rock, Ark., under the Act of Congress of March 3 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $2.00 THE YEAR CHANGE OF ADDRESS When a change of addr is desired the zubscriber should give both the old and the new addreu "" COHRESPONDENCE Matter intended for publication in The Guardian should reach tm not later than Wednesday morning. Brief news correspondence is always welcome. The k|ndnes of the clergl in this matter is cordially appreciated. ! ,. Very Rev. A. Stockcr, O. S. B, D. D..: ............... Editor-in-Chief Roy. {leo. H. Mcdermott ............................. Managing Editor Atl communicatl'ons about "The Guardian" should be addressed to the Roy. Gvo. 1L McDermott, 309 West Second Street. ". OFFICIAL APPROVAL The Gulardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock. and I lrsy God that it may be an earnest champion in the cause of right, tmtloe and truth and an ardent defender of the religion which we all ve io well.' I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its i career may be long and prosperous. OHN B. MORRIS. Bishop of Little Rock. /, Little Rock, Ark., July 16, 1921. OFFICIAL. BISHOP'S HOUSE, LITTLE ROCK, ARK. 1 r, / Rev nd and Dear Father:  / On the evening of June 1, 1921 a fire destroyed the seminary building of the JQsephite Fathers in BMtimore. The priests of this comnm- nity have, for,many years past, been looing after the Coloredwork in this Diocese, in fact they w, ere the first missionaries to inaugurate this work amongst us. In view of their misfortune which is ours also, I request you to.take up a collection for the benefitof St. Joseph's Colored Seminary, Baltimore. Please to announc this collection on the Sun- day following the receipt of this letter. Stating in your remarks relative to the disaster which has befallen the Josephite Fathers, that the collection will be taken up at all Masses on the Sunday fo!- lowing youi" announcement. Yours sincerely in Christ, - @ JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop pf Little Rock. N.B. Please forward collections to Rev. John P. Fisher, Secretary, 61 Louisiana St., Little Rock, Ark. .0-0 -, If Sims felt free to cable Lloyd George, the mes- / sage would read like this: "There is probably more kick in it over there than there was here. Watch your step" O-O  Bernard Shaw's comment on the big fight was just like his writings on'Ireland. He knows a lot and he tells it well, but he's wrpilg on the esseli- tial fact. 0-0 InThe Josephinum Weekly of July 2 Rev. Ed- ward Dahmus, who has always something refresh- ing to say about "Current Events," writes in a hu- morous vein about disarmajnent. Outward din- I armament, he thinks, will not serve the purpose as long as the spirit is not disarmed. And of the I possibility of disarming the spirit he is altogether skeptical. "As long as man remains what he is, a naturally selfish creature, as long as his spirit is not disarmed and the law of charity becomes his sole guide; so long, according to his means, he must prepare for war, and in order to be so pre- pared he must spend money for armaments., At- though we all deplore accidents, yet we take out '- accident insurance. Although we try to avoiff der struction of our homes by fire, yet we insure them against it. Although w should rather trust ev- erybody, yet we bolt our windows and lock our doors. Although we preach honesty and the,obli- gation of the seventh commandment, ye we have burglar alarms and burglar-proof safes and vaults. Worries of this Sort rnankind .has ever had and always will have. And just as surely will mankind keep the armies and navies it has al- ways had.,' O-O The fist article in The Ecclesiastical Review of July about "Parish, Records is particularly timely and exceedingly important More things than one would believe have changed with the new Code of Canon Lav. And those things will not so easily, penetrate into heads' grown gray in "the sacred ministry. Such articles as the one men- tioned are necessary and useful reminders. Of course every parish priest is, or ought to be, a subscriber to The Ecclesiastical Review. So he will have n opportunity to refresh his memory and to take in the new regulations about the five essential books: Registry'bf Baptisms, Confirma- tions, Marriages, Deaths, and Census Rec6"rd. "The Baptismal, makriage, and confirmation en- tries must ,be made by the pastor himself (the article mentions the exceptions), while he must attend to it that the other records are made either by himself personally.or by some priest raeting under his'supervision, never by women or lay-, THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, JULY 16, 1921. ii ii i I men. Moreover, the facts of a marriage, con- firmation, solemn religious profession, or recep- tion of subdiac0nate must also be entered in the baptismal records." 0-O. ARE PROTESTANff'S CHRISTIANS ? An answer to the above question in the Ques- tion Box of The Guardian, some time ago, created a stir among some of our Pxotestant friends. We did not notice the question at the time, and if it had been our business to answer it, we should have sought to eschew the unpleasant ask. Ev- erybody knows that Catholics and Protestants have quite different views about Christianity. At the same.time we are anxious to live peacefully together and to avoid unnecessary frictions. Therefore, if for no other reason we shoulc[ be willing for the sake of courtesy to call Protestants our fellow Christians of the Protestant faith, as we often speak of a divided Christendom. A di- vided Christendom supposes two or more factions all of which come under the name of Christians. But when the question is approached from a strict dogmtic point, we must introduce some distinctions. First of all we learn from the Acts of the Apostles that baptism is the ceremony of initiation into Christ's religion. Accordingly we could not truthfully accord the name of Chris- tians to those Protestants who are not baptized. As one is not an American citizen wlm has neither been born in America nor been naturalized, so no one is a Christian who has not gone through the naturalization process of baptism..For no one is born a Christian. Next, those that are baptized are Christians in the proper sense of the word as long as they do not apostatize" from the Christian faith. For there is only one baptism, the baptism of Christ. By it every baptized person is introduced into the Church of Christ. According-to our belief the Church of Christ is identical with the Catholic Church,.and. as a consequence we hold that every one ;lo is baptized becomes thereby a member of the Catholic Church.) He may belong to a Prot- estant body, but we count him as a member of the CatholicChurch, as belonging to the soul of the Church. He may protest all he wants, we per- sist in counting the falsity of his position and sist in counting him as our brother, as long as he is bona fide.. Were he to recognize the falsity of his position and still persist in it against t.he recognized claims of the Catholic Church, he would thereby apostatize from the Christian faith and cease to be a Christian'. We would, then, conclude hat Protestantism, according to the Catholic belief, is npt tho genuine Christianity Of history established by Jesus Christ but rather a protest against the same. Did we believe that Protestantism represented genuine Christianity we should, of course, want to be Protestants. Our Protestant friends cannot take this view of ours amiss, because, on their part 'they do not allow Catholicism to be the genuine Christianity established by Christ. Otherwise, we should think, they would want to be Catholics. But we are .broad enough to allow Protestants to be real Chris'tians, as long as they, individually, believe their respective denominations to repre- sent the genuine Christianity established by Christ. With God, we hold, the acceptance of a person depends on. a sincere conscience, even though that conscience may be erroneous. From this incident we learn how sensitive our Protestant friends are when something is said in disparagement of their religion. They do not seem to realize that we Catholics have feelings, too, and are pained when, by a reckless interpre- tation of Revelations, the scarlet wbman of that inspired book is pplied to the Catholic Churc I'f these gentlemen are not simply selfish bpt out for righteousness, they will be just as quick to resent an unjust attack on their neighbor as on themselves. We know, indeed, that decent Prot- estants have no sympathy with the lying propa- ganda that is cariried on ' against the Catholic Church. But wharf - we have against them is the fact, that they tolerate it without a_ protest. S. O-O THE LAY COUtC'IL AND THE LAW OF RELATIVITY. J It were one of the blackest slanders to say that Catfiolics are not generous of not disposed to make sacrifces for their religion. When we see a number of fine Protestant churches rise in vari- ous sections of the State, a superficial observer "might be tempted to ask, What are Catholics do- mg m proportmn? Has our superfic|al observer forgotten that where there is a Catholic church, there are generall four or-five buildings belong- ingflo the religious outfit of the parish; a church, a parsonage, a school, a teacher's home, a hall. And all these edifices must be built, then equipped, then insured, then kept in repair, then provided with light and water, then, after Catholics have paid their taxes for the public schools, they must pay their own teachei-s. They even help to edu- cate them; witness the alacrity with which they subsidized the Diocesan .Normal last' year, and One might rather be inclined to believe that their giving capacity has reached its limit. And this is precisely the point that is made against the prop- aganda for the Lay Council. Our Catholics are doing so much that they can do no more. In our last issue we emphasized the fact that the addi- tional burden called for by the Lay Council is not a heavy one, and today let us impress it on our minds why we cannot afford to dodge it. When a man's expeTditures are apparently at the limit of his possibility, he will still find an arrangement that makes it possible to take care of a sick member of the family. He would be very loath to say: let him or her die because I can not afford to call a doctor or to buy medicine. Before doing such a thing, he would consider and weigh the relatiye importance of his expenditures and see where he could have something to allow a few dollars for the needed services of a doctor. Now, we Catholicsl of the Diocese of Little Rock are a family. Some of the members of that spiritual family are in very poor health. They need doc- tors, they need medicine. Shall we let them die and be lost, or shall we rather bethink ourselves where we mat cmail our expenses so as to have a penny left to send them doctors and medicine? This is what we would call the law of relativity as applied to the purposes of the Lay Council. Again, when your expenses are sallowing up all your income, and it happens that the insurance on your home expires, will you take the risk of losing all or will you make an heroic effort to re- new your insurance? If you are of a careless dis- position you might argue ,that so far no fire has destroyed your home, that it is not likely that a fire will destroy your home, and that, therefore, under your straitened circumstances, you will let the insurance go until times are better. You make up your mind to that effect. A thunderstorm breaks over your town, lightning strikes your house, you lose everything. It is too late then alas! to meditat on your foolishness. Under no consideration should you have let lapse your in- surance. You should have remembered the law of relativity, and should have come to the conclu- sion that in the schedule of your expenses there were surely some items of relatively smaller im- portance than the expense of renewing your in- surance. Now, more important than our earthly home is our heavenly home which is to be eternal. And the possibility of reaching that eternal home de- pends for us on placing the blessings of our Catho- lidre]igion on "a safe basis. It will not do to lull ourselves into a feeling of security becau'se up to date no serious affliction has.come upo n the Cath- dolic Church in this country. The Achbishop of Milwaukee, in a recent appeal to his clergy in be- half of the Men's Council, said in lrpart: "The signr f a coming getmral outbreak of infidel and sectarian hostility against the Catholic Church in the United States are ,multiplying rapidi in the press, on lecture platforms, in sectarian circles, and even in some legislatures.. We may dream of a stupendous growth and power of the Church and the near conversion of the American people, we may sleep in the sweet security of American Lib- erty for the Church, and we may glory in the nunber of American Cardinals. Yet all this will not lJrevent the persecution from coming at this time. The first skirmishes against the Church, directed immediately against our Catholic parish schools, have already started. Our greatest need ad only salvation on that day will be a strong organization of our Catholic men." S. % o-o I,'RANCE AND THE VATICAN. Catholics everywhere will reet with satisfac- J tion the announcement that M. Jonnard has been appointed ambassador from France to the Vati- can, and that Archbishop Cerretti is to represent the H01y See at Pans. In many respects the life of a nation is very similar to the life of an individual, and as the individual frequently is brought into closer com- munion with religion as the result of stress and sufferifig, so France, the "eldest daughter of the Church," has been brought back to her home after days of tribulation. France severed formal relations with Rome, and the foes of religion were jubilant: But they overlooked one fact, which was that whatever the daughter might do, the Mother had no intention of deserting her child. The war came. Not only did every priest of. service age in France flock to tire-colors, but from far-off corners of the world they came to don the uniform of their country. Their example was in- spiring, their enthusiasm was contagious. On the other hand, the Vatican, which humanly speaking might'have been expected to repay the slight which France had inflicted, did nothing of the kind, but preserved the strictest neutrality. How thoroughly France appreciated these facts is shown in the action of M. Briand in appointing M. Jonnard as ambassador-extraordinary. The present premier was the chairman of the com- mittee which fifteen years ago reported in favor of the separation of Church and State. Then he was almost a Saul of Tarsus,, breathing threat- they are going to do as well as they can, though enings against the Church. But now he has seen I times are changed since theft, this ,ear. a great light, so that When the Senate seeks to I , No we would hot let anybody questioff with hinder the desire of the nation as expressed by] im unit the enerosit of r,. a olic eo F-the ove w Imm v P Y g Y i . P p  r he ' g ore in the Chamber of Depu-I L ties, he cries impatiently: month more." This remarkable change of conscience by the French nation will give many "to thinkfuriously" as the French themselves would say. Her reli- gious orders expelled, her property confiscated, her priests in n]any cases rendered homeless, the Church seeks no revenge. Denounced as unpa- triotic, she gives a manifestation of patriotism among her persecuted servants which thrills a nation and results in renewed love and respect. :)1 I "We cannot wait a QUESTION BOX I Is one guilty of missing Mass if he loses the blessing and last gospel? No, but he sins, because he is obliged to hear a whole Mass. Would a marriage be valid i/ the man was drmtk when he signified his consent? That would depend upon the stage of his drunk- enness. Since marffage is a contract, whatever would make a contract null and void would in- validate the sacrament. You must be in posses- sion of your senses to enter into a valid contract. If the drunkennes is such that it deprive a man of the exercise of his senses so that he does not realize what he is doing, the marriage would be invalid. A man may in a sense be under the in- fluence of liquor and at he same time know what he is doing. "In such a case the marriage of what we would call a drunken man would be a valid marriage. r Suppose a perso does not wish to tell some sins to her regular confessor, may she tell a part of her sis to him and tell the rest of her sins to a stratge priest ? Most assuredly she may not. We must con- fess all our mortal sins to the one priest because the'confession nust be a moral whole. Common sense shQuld guide us in our religious life as well as in affairs of theworld. There is no necessity for a penitent adopting the plan that you suggest because one may go to confession to whatever priest they elect and no confessor would resent the idea of your occasionally going to another priest. Is it true that everysoul has to pass through Purgatory ? There are many souls who enter into tIeaven imn4ediately, while other unfortmmte souls do not enter Heavel(at all. Purgatory is for those who die.in the friendship of God but have not fully satisfied divine justice. We cannot determine what is their number, but we do know that God's graces are abundantly showered on the dying and that the Church surrounds the ,last momenSs of her children with prayers, sacraments and indul- gences. We may beIieve that many Catholic who receive the last sacraments do not have to delay one moment in Purgatory. Is it true that the Pope changed the observance of the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday? Of course th Pope changed the day dedicated particularly to "the service of God from the Sab- bath to the Sunday. Only the Pope would have such authority since he alone can speak in the name of God. To the first Pope, Saint Peter, Christ said: "To thee I will give the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven; whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven." The con- sistent Protestant has no reason whatsoever to keep holy the first day ,of the week. A person who holds tht the Bible is the sole guide of faith should observe the Third Commandment of God, which s.ays that he must keep holy the Sabbath day, which is Saturday. ' Can Catholics commune with the dead and how ? The Catholic Churcl teaches that we can com- mune with the dead': We cab do so by asking their prayers-for us. It is in an atmosphere of faith that we are one with them. Need we them no divine honor? The highest that we give ' of them, the mother of Jesus, is infinitelh locker than God. In God we view them, and to plead with God  we ask their prayers. All spiritual goods are common property. And God's friends are one family, whether on earth, in purgatory, or in heaven. This entire family intercommunes together in the comnmn life of prayer. All would, at least, wish this doctrin to be true; for the pictures and mementos Of the be- loved dead which adorn our homes, plainly though feebly show our protestagainst absolute separa- tion by death. In this life, f t-lends separated by distance are united in spiri by love and by prayer; why not after the separation by death? Scripture says: "Love is strong as death" (Cant. viii, 6). No lapse of time breaks friendship; why should death do it ? God's supreme will is brotherly love; why should tat love be hindered, of fruition by death ? The sweetest bond of friendship "as well, S the most precious fruit of love is found-in mutual prayer. I .i ,:i .( / i:00!i \\; ",q .g .... i