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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
July 8, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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July 8, 1938
 

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, JULY 8, 1938 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/2 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under the act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of IAttle Reck and I praF God that it may he an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be ion[ and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Reck EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT REVEREND THOMAS L. KEANY. Ph.D., Editor Asoclte Editors; Rt. Rev. Msgr. James P. Moran, LL.D.; Very Rev. Msgr. Joseph A. Gallagher, M. A.; Rev. Lawrence Hoyt, O. S. B,; Rev. James E. OConnell, M. A.; Rev. Patrick M. Lynch, B. A, BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the lslness Manager, and all matter intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST 3091/g WEST SECOND STREET Phone 5486 for AdvertiSing Rates SPONSORS OF SERVICES N. C. W. C. News Service---Anonymous Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Taxorkana Council No. 2650 $12.00 Pine Bluff Council No. 1153 $12.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 812.00 Parasould Council No. 1713 $12.00 Stuttsart Council No. 27S0 ............................. $ 7.00 JULY 8, 1938 J, , THE PRECIOUS BLOOD On the first day of the month of July the Feast of the Most Precious Blood is celebrated universally, h was first observed by the whole Church in 1849. Through the Mis- sionaries of the Most Precious Blood it was introduced into the Ecclesiastical Calendar. By custom, and now, through definite designation by Church authorities the entire month of July is devoted to the Precious Blood just as May is to our Blessed Lady, and June to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, At the time the Jews, Chosen of the Almighty, were in exile in Egypt,, they were pitifully subjugated and persecuted by the Pharaohs and their people. After a time it was de- termined by Providence that they should leave Egypt in search for the Promised Land, but they were restrained by their oppressors. The Lord God visited several plagues upon Egypt as tokens of the Divine desire that His People be released. It was to no avail for the Egyptians had excellent slaves in the Jews and they did not want to lose them. As a final measure it was revealed that an Angel of the Lord would be sent to destroy the first-born of every family. In order that the Jews might not suffer from this visitation Moses was told to in- struct his people to kill a lamb and spcinkle its blood on the door posts of their houses in order that the angel of death, see- ing the blood, might spare their first-born children. As so often in the Old Testament this is a figure of what was to be reality in the New. The blood of the lamb was a figure of the Precious Blood of the Lamb of God. As it saved the children of the Israelites so the Precious Blood saves us from the death of sin. Saint Paul writing to the Hebrews brings out this Type and Reality. "For if the blood of goats and oxen being sprinkled, sanctify such as are defiled to the cleansing of the flesh, how much more shall the Blood of Christ Who by the Holy Ghost offered Himself unspotted to God, cleanse our conscience from dead works to serve the living God" Father Faber, spiritual writer, contemporary with Car- dinal Newman in England, has written some beautiful chapters on the Most Precious Blood. He was an exceptional devotee to it. In his enthusiasm he writes the following, "The Sacred Heart was the Heart of Our Redeemer, but it was not the Sacred Heart which redeemed us. It was precisely the Precious Blood, and nothing but the Precious Blood which was chosen as the instrument of our redemption . . . This devotion is a glory and an ornament to the Church. It is the life of the living and the thirst of the holy dead. It is the song of angels. It was the light of all Mary'sr darkness and the jubilee of all her woes. It was the device of the Holy Ghost and the de- votion of His love; the choice and the complacency of the Eternal Father." The Precious Blood is a part of the Sacred Humanity, hypostatically united to the Word, and is due the highest worship.. As Father Faber says, it was chosen as the im- mediate instrument of Our Redemption. By It we are laved with the Graces of Salvation. It is singled out for special honor, in a way that special honor was rendered It from the beginning by the Apostles. St. Paul often writes of this honor and devotion besides using it as the example for the spirit of Christian self-sacrifice. CATHOLIC CULTURE : Two new libraries have been opened in the Diocese this past month, The Newman Library, Little Rock and The Bonne- ville Library for Colored people in Fort Smith. His Excel- lency heartily endorsed both of them. The Church has been known for centuries as the chief Patron of culture throughout the world. She does not receive the appreciation she should. The world rocks along in its silly-headed way until it reaches the very brink of ruin and then begins to lament its sad plight. In this mad rush the Church is always there, consistently wise, checking flighty hu- man nature with her Divine Precepts, tempering wild fanatic- . / im with her conservative wisdom, seeking withal to lnart the Goodness, the Truth, the Beautiful that is hers, through the generosity of her First Benefactor, for the cultural betterment of the sons of men. The bulk of printing has become so cheap that it is a rare event when we find a thoroughly decent periodical in common use. A single book can ruin a life as a drop. of virus poured into a healthy blood stream can utterly poison it. A single immoral idea impressed upon an immature mind I can wreck a human life. The two new libraries in our Diocese will have the opportunity to counteract this harmful reading matter, and avert moral deaths. Cultural developments will always be a part of the Cath- olic Church's diversified activities. These libraries, endorsed by the Representative of the Church in Arkansas have this as their chief aim. They will furnish literature of a high standard that will appeal to the taste of decent minded people. After all, bad books and magazines are read because they are so handy and good books are so rare. Give the majority of people a chance to read a good interesting book and they won't pick up a bad one. This, of course, excepting those who still consider it a "smart" thing to be able to discuss all the bad ones. We certainly want to avoid the stigma of being labelled a "reformer." It only ruffles the feathers of most people. This is an age of unexampled corruption--we do not mean moral corruption--we believe several epochs have been far worse---but cultural corruption. Christianity has in the past left its mark on every form of culture---on the architecture of the European Cathedrals, on painting, on morals, on sculp- ture, on music, on folk-lore, on folk dancing, on practically everything. Somewhere something is out of gear in our age. What we moderns are is not all together wrong. The things we do uniquely are not essenitally evil but these things the /age has produced do not bear the mark of Christianity as they should. Where is the mark of Christianity on jazz, on crooning? Where is the influence of Christianity on luxury ocean liners, modernistic skyscrapers, on our financial system, our art, our politics, our social organization? Our contemporary cultural environment is made up of what is all together separated from our greatest heritage, Christianity, and we are brought up to like and admire it. Chaucer's boy sang "Angelus ad virginem" as he went about his lawful (or unlawful) occasions because that was the sort of music he heard most often and knew best; we sing gems of Bing Crosby or Benny Goodman for the same reason. Our conditions induce a culture of its own quite natur- ally but it is separated from Christianity and violently artificial and grossly inhuman. The Church by insistently and consis- tently trying to place the good, the true, and the beautiful in the lives of the people will not change our culture entirely but let it remain as a natural product of the age so long as it is not fundamentally incompatible with Christianity which is of The Good, The True, and The Beautiful. l FEASTS OF THE WEEK" I SUNDAY, July 10.--The Seven Brothers and St. Felicitas, their mother, because of their refusal to sacrifice to the pagan gods, were sujected to torture and finally put to death during the reign of the Emperor Antoninus. MONDAY, July ll.---St. James, Bishop, was a native of Nisibis in Mesopotamia. He chose the high- est mountain for his abode, shel- tering himself in a cave in the winter and the rest of the year living in the wools continually exposed to the open air. Many sought him to ask for his prayers and spiritual advice. When Sapor II, King of Persia, besieged Nis- ibis his army ,as routed by a vast multitude of gnats in response to the prayers of the Saint. St. James died in 350. TUESDAY, July 12.---St. John Gaulbert was born at Florence in 999 and for a tnne pursued the profession of arms. After becom- ing reconciled with a relative with whom he had carried on a feud, I he abandoned the world and' en- tered the religious life. He estab- lished the monastery St. Salvi and idled in 1073. WEDNESDAY, July 13. -- Saint Eugenius, Bishop of Carthage, re- fused to obey the order of King Huneric that he exclude the Van- dals, some of whom were Catho- lics, from the Church. This led to a persecution of the Catholics. Eugenius was banished but was recalled by Huneric's successor. Later he was again banished and died in exile in 505. THURSDAY, July 14.--St. Bon- aventure known as the "Seraphic Doctor," when asked by Thomas Aquinas whence he drew his great learning, replied by pointing to the crucifix. He was the adviser of St. Louis and the director of St. Isabella, the King's sister. Pope Gregory X appointed him Cardi- nal Bishop of Albano. He died during the Council of Lyons, after his eloquence had won the Greeks to the Catholic Union. FRIDAY, July 15.--St. Henry, Emperor, moved by a vision, pre- pared for death at the end of six years. When that period had elapsed, Henry, then Duke of Ba- varia, was elected Emperor. He devoted the resources of his em- pire to the honor of God and the service of the Church. In 1022 Henry lay on his bed of death. He gave to her parents his" wife, St. Cunegunda, "a virgin still, as a virgin he had received her from Christ." SATURDAY, July 16.--St. Si- mon Stock was born in the county of Kent, England. He lived as a hermit in a hollow tree for 20 years. Later entering the Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel he was chosen Prior-General. He died at Bordeaux in 1265, What Do You Know? (Answers on Page 8) 1. Who is the patron saint of England? 2. What is the name of the first book. of the Jewish and Christian Holy Scriptures? Why is it so called?  Who was its author? 3. What is the name o the ehillren's association for the benefit of foreign missions, founded in 1843, by the BishoI of Nancy, France, and which has spread throughout the world, its headquarters in this country being in Pittsburgh, Pa., and its work under the Holy Ghost Fathers? 4. Can you name the three miracles performed by Our Lord and related in the Gospels, which were cases of resurrec- tion? 5. What is the name of the parable of Our Lord', the les- son of which recommends the wise employment of the talents or gifts, which God has bestow- ed on us, and which indicates that it does not suffice merely to refrain from misusing them, but that each of us must labor faithfully to secure profit for his Master? (N. C. W. C. Features) Words of Encouragement - Beauty in Sorrow A Saint's sorrow is never in the way. There is about it a soft- ness, a gentleness, a beauty; it is a cross only to himself. We must be careful in sorrow not to DEMAND sympathy from others, and if possible not to crave for it. What is it worth if it comes when we have demanded it? There is no balm in it when it is paid to us as a tx. What God Loves lost. Surely the preciousness lies in its being spontaneous. This is not so much a question of what is right or wrong, as of what is fittest and best, of what God, loves most, of what makes most heavenly. The more consolation from creatures, the less from God. That is the invariable rule. God Is Shy. God is shy; He comes to the lonely heart which other loves do not fill. This is why bereaved hearts, outraged hearts, hearts misunderstood, hearts which have broken with kith and kin and na- tive place, are the hearts of His predilection. Human sympathy  a dear bar- gain. God waits outside till our company has gone. Divine Direction. Lose no opportunity in bring- ing home to yourself our Lord's particular individual love to you, shown in even the smallest de- tails of your life. Q UES TION B OX By REV. FRANCIS S. GUY, Ph. D. What is meant by the ltoly er we say at meals is one of the Grail, about which there is an oldest in use. Is this true? opera? We cannot say that the exact There is no historic foundation form of the prayer in use at the for the mediaeval legend about present time is among our ancient the Holy Grail, nor has it received forms of prayer. Perhaps the im- the approval .of ,the Church, Tho pression you gined is due to the Holy Grail has been the subject fact that the custom itself of pray- of many beautiful poems, among ing at meals is very ancient. In which it is mentioned by Tenny- fact in Apostolic times St. Paul son in his Idyls of the King. Ac- counsels the faithful: "Whether cording to this version the Holy you eat or drink, or whatsoever Grail was fhe vessel which our else you do, do all to the glory Lord used for a chalice at the of God." This precept did not Last Supper. cease to be observed'. St. Clement * * * I of Alexandria who lived in the If the Catholic Church insists[ third century, says: "Before tak- that St. Paul never saw Our Lord, !ins nourishment it is fitting to it contradicts itself, for the state- praise the Creator of all things ment is made by St. Paul that he and it is also fitting to sing His saw Christ. praises when we take nourish- The Catholic Church does not merit, the things created by Him." hold that St. Paul never saw Tertullian, a contemporary of Cle- Christ. We know from the Scrip- ment, shows us the Christians of tures that he did see Him. But the beginning of the third century Paul did not see Him, it seems, making the Sign of the Cross on until after the death and ascen- I taking their place at the table. He sion of the Master. He saw Him lsays: "Our repasts are in nothing in visions. vile or immodest. We do not re- cline until we have prayed to GOd. Christ made satisfaction for In like manner prayer concludes original sin and all other sin when the feast." Christian archaelogy He died on the cross. Therefore, i has collected a large number of how can it be said that Baptism] cup-bases on which may be read cleanses one from sin? I of short prayers, e. g., "Drink in Though Christ's death won l Christ," Drink piously," "To the enough merit to satisfy for the I worthiest of friends, drink and live sins of all possible worlds, the with all thine and in thy turn economy of salvation is such that make a toast." This ancient cus- man must do something on his side tom of praying before meals has to have this merit applied to him come down to us in varying forms personally. Therefore, Baptism to the present day. It is just an- and other sacraments are neces- other proof of the fact that many sary. of our Catholic practices which * * * we take more or less for granted, On many tabernacle doors there go back to the earliest days of the are characters looking something Church. like an A and inverted U. What * * * do they mean? They are the Greek letters, Al-i How can there he true contri- pha and Omega, the first and last tlon for sin when we know al- letters of the Greek alphabet. The most certainly that we will corn- letters are a symbol of God and mit the same sin again? of the Real Presence. In Apoc. There can be no true contri- i., 8 they are used to designate tion without firm purpose of the Eternal Father and in xxi., 13 God the Son, as eternal, self- amendment. Confession without existant, infinite being itself (see such contrition would be a sac- chaper i., 17 and Isaias xliv., 6; rilege. There is true contrition xlviii., 12). whenever the penitent, at the time * * * of confession, is truly sorry and in- God's anger is spoken of. How tends sincerely not to commit the could God be angry? sin in future. By sad experience The attributes of God, such as he may know that he is very His goodness, justice, and the weak and that in spite of his good like, are identical with His nature, resolution he may fall again, but if His justice is really one with His he makes use of the means sug- mercy and His love. His anger, gested by his confessor and avoids therefore, is not to be taken in the occasion of sin, he may be sure the same sense as if it existed in that his contrition was good, even a man. Although we rightly dis- if he should have that misfortune tinguish His attributes one from to fall again. It is only when he the other, this is only because He, makes no effort whatever to avoid notwithstanding the absolute sire- the sin, that he has a right to plicity of His nature, produces in doubt his contrition. Staying away the government of the world a from confession is the very worst variety of effects equivalent to way to overcome a sinful habit. those that would be produced by The best remedy is very frequent distinct attributes in creatures, confession, frequent enough to . . . head off temptation. A sick man needs medical help, and the sicker Can the souls in heaven hear he is the more he needs it. The and see persons on earth? Can very fact of going o confession they talk? often is a proof of true contrition. The souls in heaven can get any , . . knowledge they wish, dependent Is the history of the Bible taught on the will of God, about affairs in Catholic schools? on earth through their vision of When a student hs reached a God. So long as the soul is sep- stage of mental development that arated from the body, it cannot justifies it, the historical sources talk in the way we do, but that and progress of the Bible is taught. would not be necessary. It seems In the lower grades of our that the intellect can apprehend schools Bible History is taught. whatever it wishes to learn This is a simplified course on through God or whatever is in the the history contained in the. Sacred i intellect of an angel or another Scriptures themselves. soul and what the angel or other (ote F. F. P. If further knowl- soul wishes to make known to it. edge on this subject is requested The process would be a good deal we will gladly furnish it through simpler and more satisfactory mail. The Guardian). than talking. I am told that in olden times If a person has failed to receive people were compelled to do pub- absolution in Confession, what lie penances that destroyed the should he do? Must he make the privacy of Confession. Is this next Confession Include the sins true? already told in the Confession in Public penances were given for which he was refused absolution? public sins: the Church has al- Must he also tell that he was re- ways guarded against scandal or fused absolution? the ruin of reputation. These The person must make his con- penances were gradually abolish- fession cover the period from the ed. In early days, it seems, it was time of his last worthy confession, necessary to take extreme meas- in which he received absolution, ures to wean the new converts He ought to mention that he was away from the immorality of refused absolution, paganism. The system will never * * * be re-established, in our estima- I read some place that the pray- tion. It is God's peculiar prerogative, because He alone is infinitely wse and all-powerful, to be able so to direct and rule each single life as if that person alone was the center of the universe. Love and Serve God. When I rise in the morning" I can say with truth: "This day, in all its circumstances, with all its consequences, has been appoint-[ ed and fashioned to help rhe to love and serve God better." Then you have only to fall in with your change of duties, or with the state of your health, or with the con- duct of others towards you (which all has been foreseen and allowed for by God), secure in the knowl-I edge that you are travelling along the path whereby GOd wishes you to apprSach Him. To-Day's Parable By FATHER STEDMAN LOST IN THE STORM On a stormy night recently, radio listeners were begged by the stations to which they were list- ehing, to go outside their homes and LISTEN in the storm for the motor of an airplane. If they heard it, they were asked to tele- phone the radio station, so that the plane might be helped down to safety. Who would not do this decent thing? Any of us would certainly go out irto the storm, out of the comfort of our home, to listen for those in distress. It is no less a gecent, human In American TERESA Teresa Lalor was with Bishop Neale of the Visitation Order in States. She was a work of Catholic lived to see three her institute of the motherhouse in' D.C. She was born in early gave evidence tion. Bishop Lanigan had made entrance into a cese in Ireland, her family Arriving in at once became the Rev. Leonard St. Joseph's church, herself to works of charity. Father in her an instrument mation of a She opened an but an epidemic of resulted in the death panions and caused s to be abandoned. Miss Lalor then residence with a of Poor Clares and living in lowing their America she opened a was the nucleus of Visitation convent in the oldest house of the United States. obtained from Pope grant for the sidered as belonging der of the VisitatiOn, Lalor and her professed in the er Lolar died at 77 in 1846. ; (N. C. W. C. * $ * $ * * $ * * $ * A CATHOLIC * OF * GRACE OF $ U * * * * $ The body cannot the soul, nor can the God possess the sanctifying grace. leaves the body, the when God leaves deprived of the life is delivered to the and to eternal Roy. F. Heffner. Just as the soul body, so the soul from GOd and His Augustine. The sun's light separate fruit, ripens it, as though sole business in a it clothes with with life. So God's each individual soul, it as though this work in a universe makes and guides are ing. I desire no things for store; But I desire the and I desire no ---John Judgment folloWS Basil. God wills that all be bestowed on us --St. Bernard. He who is in the cannot help having victoriousness; fear and courage like a magic fluid, the soul of man and erful.--Father Lynk, Thus all below is all above is In the quest of Who lowliest find it.Gerald Grace can, where not.--Cardinal (N. C. W. C. act to keep our eyes the alert for so around us. A GOOD body's outpourings despair, has more people to Christ, than a Many a person in "not of the fold" way to happy Church because a Church gave ear them in the darkne tress. Catholtc Action mean TALK Christ to others. Word of Christ is EAR. Jesus troubles, as well sS lotting words to LISTENING IS GREATEST give to those in listening, to draw darkness.