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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
July 8, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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July 8, 1911

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Page Six TI=[E SOU rHERN GUARDIAN i ii WASTE IN HIGHWAYS HALF THE MONEY SPENT PUBLIC ROAD8 IS THROWN AWAY. :;lktl .... IN 'GOOD ROADS,' UNIVERSAL CRY ICverybody Wants Something Done, b6t Nearly Every Community Is Groping In the DarkTlme to Face Abeut and Try for Better Results. BY HOWARD H. GROSS. No one who ts familiar with the way road work has been handled for the requires considerable engineering ex pertence the farmer does not and is not expected to have. It is no reflec- tion upon him to say he is not a suc- cessful road builderany more than it would be to question his ability in carpentry, To have the best supervi- sion the township or road district is too small a unit. The mileage is too limited to make it practical to have an experienced road builder in charge. Hence the present thought is that the county should be the road district, or perhaps there might be two districts in large counties. The road super- visor should be a capable, experienced engineer employed by the year, or the season. Let him get the necessary tools, men and teams and do the work when it ought to be done. When grad- ing is necessary, the earlier in the spring it is done the better. The sur- face ought not to be disturbed after last twenty years half of the time and money expended upon our public roads by the hit aud miss methods employed has been wasted. Most observers will say the waste Is even greater. The country over, the outlay approximates $90,000,- 000. We have gone on from genera- tion to generation pursuing this ab- surd plan, or rather lack of plan. It is a most unbusinesslike and repre- hensible proceeding. No business en- terprise could last a year with such a fearful waste. A calculation made with great care by one of the best au- thorities in the state, contends the di- rect waste on Illinois roads by doing will dispute that the first of July. The first and most important step is road drainage. No drain, no road. It is exceedingly important to have one in charge who knows his business. As road drainage will be treated at length in another article, the writer will not elaborate upon it at this time The drains can be laid at any season when the frost is out of the ground. Culverts can be built, the roads drag. god, weeds cut, etc. This will give work from early spring until fall. With the county as a unit,-plan a five-year campaign of grading and draining, beginning with the main roads and extending the work in the Cedar Grove 8ohoel Heuea, Near Knoxville, Tenn, the wrong thing, or if perchance do- order of importance. In a county of |rig the right thing, then doing it at ten to fifteen townships, one good en- ll.e wrong time, causes a loss of $10,. glneer with three or four gangs of OOper dayl men with machinery, each having a Iu no department of administration good foreman, in three or four years 'have we more signally failed than in will make such a showing, that people dealing with the question of,. the high- will wonder they ever tolerated the ways. It is time to face about and make an effort to get better results. Is it any wonder people are "sore" when it comes to paying road taxes? They have been at it for generations mad wlth here and there an exception, the roads are no better than they were to begin with. The question now is what specific things shall be done in order to get better results. The first step in the writer's opinion is to wipe out the labor system of "working out" the tax bY the annual picnic or talkfest, that usually takes place in the early fall when everybody turns out to "im- prove" thdroad. There is no definite plan; the practice is to plow and scrape, and fill the center of the road with sod, weeds, brush and earth, making what before was a passable road one that Is Impassable. The late. moss of the seuon prevents s proper settlement before the heavy fall rains and the winter Hta in. The weeds, sod and brush are sure to make trou- ble for a year or more. Many a time the writer has observed a bunch of men and tams do a hundred dollars" W*orth of damage to work out a riftv- old hit and miss methods. If the method suggested was adopt- ed and followed, It would at least dou- ble the results for the taxes now paid. By having regular employment, both the men and horses would become proficient and do more in a day than the "greenhorn" would do in two days, and the woYk will ba far better done as well. The above outline ts for the treat- ment of earth roads. When the time comes, and come it will, when the main roads will have to have a hard, smooth wearing surface of stone, gravel or brick, all of the work pre- viously done as above set forth, will be valuable as a preparation for the permanent road The inauguration of such a plan will appeal to the people; they will see they are getting something for the money paid. Their attitude will change from one of hostility to friend. ly co-operation, and this ia of much importance. The writer once saw av enterprising farmer who had a road. drag, He took it out in a rain storm aud dragged a mile of road, goi|g twice over it until it was in his lan- ,ountry School House on Bad Rod, Near Conklln, Tenn. It would be hard to find a greater contrast than the two piatureg in this article show. They are onlF a few miles apart. In one there is au air of shiftlessness, while in the other there is evidenoo of thrift, progress and refinement. Can any o doubt which 4s the better school or which community gets the most out of ll|e. dollar road tax. The stories told. the stunts of wrestling. Jumping and other athletic diversions, make it a holiday enjoyed by every one. There is but one thins to do: Col- lect all the road taxes in cash and pay to have the work done under the best supervision obtainable. This working out the road tax dates back hefore the war, when there was vary little money In circulation, and it was next to impossible for the people to pay the tax in any other way. It Is different now. The labor system has outlived its uBefulns and should go. Ro! building, even ff a dirt road, guage as smooth as a ribbon, No sooner had he turned in under cover than he saw a neighbor with two teams coming down over the road, un. doing all he had done. The comment made would not look well in print. I the party in question had any ap- preciation of the fitness of things, he would have driven along the side of the road, and left the dragged surface so it would shed water and dry smooth. A five-dollar fine with costs would have been a good lesson. The enttment is everywhere for better highways. "Good Roads" is the universal cry--everybody wants some thiug done, but nearly every comma ' nlty seems to be groping In the darK, not knowing Just how to accomplish Ne Sharmn 9 Profits. the desired end. In many localities M. Paui was a grocer in a French we find that meetings are held. a sub- town Rats overran the place and a scrlption is started, and volunteers price of two opus a head was placed beef up and down the street, asking upon them by the town council M. Paul's errand hey, workin early and everyone to subscribe either money or labor, A bank will give $100, a mer- late, managed to slay 90 rats in the chant another $100, the man next door, who ought to do the same thing, will give $10. A public entertainment is gotten up, and after a campalgn of a number of weeks, perhaps $2,000 is raised for improving a piece of road. In order to save expense some local party w|ll undertake the work. He does not know much about road build- ing, aud the result is a botch Job. The money is spent and a half-mile of road is made, and while it is poorly constructed, it is so much better than the previous conditions, that it is hail- ed with delight. No effort along these lines can amount to much, beyond the creating of an increased desire for better roads. Experience shows be- yond any question that the way to do is to build as large a mileage as pos- sible at the same time, and have it done under the supervision of a cap- able road engineer If ten or twelve miles are built instead of one the cost of construction will be much less; it will pay to have improved machinery and the best facilities. Then the pay- meat of the road should not be made by passing the hat. where some will do their duty and others will not, but on the cntrary tho amount should be covered by Issuing long time bonds and spreading the burden over all the pronerty of the township. If fortun- ately the state is operating under the tate aid plan, whereby a portion of .he expense is contributed from the 4tate treasury, it simplifies the matter very much and lightens the burden. The writer made a calculation cov- ering the state of Illinois. and that cal. culation was verified by the late Dr. Frank H. Hall of Aurora, one of the best mathematicians in the country, and he found it correct. It showed that first-class hard roads could be built over all the main highways in the state of Illinois, under the state aid plan, the state paying one-half the expense from a general tax levy, and che balance locally by the township, and the combined expense spread over a period of ten years, would not exceed ten cents per acre per year on farm lands. What is true of Illi- nois will be found to work out very closely along these lines in nearly all states of the central West. The amount of money wasted upon the highways of any state between Pittsburg and Denver, and from Min- nesota to Florida, would more than pay the interest on the bonds neces- sary to build and maintain flret-cla permanent roads. We might state it in another way: That the economies that can be accomplished and the benefits that will accrue from improv- ing the highways, will take off'. from the burden of the people many times more than the taxes to build the roads will' impose. Why not convert this waste into a permanent asset? Why not have better conditions when ws can do so so easily? WHY BATTLESHIP WAS SENT Because of Misinterpreted Glpher Message the Maine Went to Havana. Probably very few know that the Mtaine had been hurried to Havana be pause of a miMntorprated cipher mas- sage. Mr. John R. Caldwell, who had been in charge of the Havana bureau. and whom I relieved, told me that several days prior to my arrival he had made requisition upon the office for a revolver. There had come stren- uous times in the Cuban capital, riots had been frequent, the lives of for- el.griefs, particularly those of Ameri- cans. had been more than once placed In Jeopardy, and the time had come when correspondents felt the need of firearms to protect their lives. The revolver sent to Mr, Caldwell was smnggled to him by a passenger on the steamship 0livette, to whom the weapon had been entrusted by an agent of the paper in Tampa. By some oversight no cartridges had been sent with it, and it being impossible tQ se- cure any in Havana, the correspond- ent cabled to New York. "Camera re- ceived, but no plates; send by xt boat." Through some strange error on the part of the one who received it, the cryptogram was construed to be a cipher and was translated to read that an attempt had been made on the life of Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, American con- sul general in Havana, This misin- formation went to Washington and reached there after the Havana cable had closet. Early the next day Mr. Caldwell reoMvl from the Herald the following orypto'am: "Bend story and pictures ordered on food-supplie6; w want it for main sheet." By apply- lng the cipher key, the first sentence was readily translated to read: "A United States warship has been or- dered to Havana." The second evi- dently conveyed some hint which was beyond the limitation of the code, bui the word "main" gave the clue. Meet ing General Lee at brsakfast thai morning, Mr. Caldwell quietly in. foaed him that the Maine was on her way to Havana. The general was incredulous. No warship, he assured the correspondent, would be sent to Havana unless he requested lt.Wal- ter Scott Moriwether, in Harper's Weekly. cellars and attics of the shoI). The boy took them to the town hall. and, returmng jubilant to the grocer's, showed M Paul the nine francs he had gained The grocer held out his palm "Hand tile money over," he said "'You knew very well those rats were mine. =lot Yours!" A Pedant at Death, Malherbe. the French poet. on ac- count of a delicate ear and refined taste, and a habit of criticising every- thing that he saw or hearS, was called "the tyrant of words and syllables. When dylng, hls confessor, in speak lng of the hal)plness el lleaven, ex 0z'essed himself Inaccurately "Say no more about It." said Malhm'be, "o your style will disgast me with lt."-- A. P Russell. Characteristics Some Climate. "Oh, yes. we have a wonderful oil mate," said the man from southern -Texas. "Why, only last season we raised a pumpkin so large that, after I OFF:CiAL gO,q;- ONE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYE HAS A UN:QUE TRADE, His Name Is Scolllck and It 18 His Business to Mount Skeletons in the National Museum n Washington. J. W Scollick of the National Mu- seum in Washington lsa craftsman in a trade with probably the very smallest competi- tion in the world. He is the official "bone man" of the government, or in other words tbe expert in charge f the work of cleaning, articulating and mounting skeletons at the museum, a trade by itself and one requiring infinite patience and sreat technical skill. The removal of the National Mu- seum from the old to the pew build- ing has resulted in the division of skeletons being given larger quarters, sawing it In two, my wife used the and the display has been arranged so halves as cradles in which to roc 1 as to give it a prominence never be- the babies" "Yes," replied the man fore had. To employes of the mu- from New York: "but in my t,t:tte It's a common thing to find three full grown pollce,nen asleep on one beat" Lipplncott's Magazine Deep Mines Don't Pay. There is little or no ground for the belief that valuable metallic deposits lie very deep in tile earth's crust With few exceptions, ore deposits be come too lean to repay working below 8TO00 feet. Nine mines in ten. tak lng the world as a whole, are poorer in the second thousand feet than in the first thousan(l, and poorer yet in the third thousand than In the second The Kansas Way. Here ls the way a Kansas paper duns Its subscribers: "If y(m have fro quent tainting spells, accompanied by chills, cramps, corns, btlnlons chil- blains, epilepsy and Jaundice. it is a sign you are not welt. but liable te die any minute Pay your subscrlp tlon In adwmee and thus males your self solid for a good obituary notice Peculiarity of Gum Tree. It has been ascertained that a gum tree in Australia is the highest tree in the world, and stands 415 feet high Gnln trees are the morn rapid growling plant life known There is one in Florida which grew 40 feet a year for four years Contracllctln a Proverb. "People can't expect to et som thing for nothing said tte read:/. made phllosepher "My landlord nan- ages it," replied Mr Growcher "He makes me mgn a contract to pay a full year's rent whether I live in his fiat or not. Was Equal to the Occasion. The elder Sothern the creator of tbe Lord Dundreary fame. was ex- tremely sensitive to Interruptions of any sort. Seeing a man in the act of leaving his box during the delivery of one of the actor's best speeches he shonted out: "'HI you sir, do you know there is anottmr act?" The of- fender was equal to the occasion, how- ever; he turned to the actor and an- swered cheerfully: "Oh. yes; that's why I'm going'"--In Lighter Vein. A Double Triumph. If we can, by a moral effort, pull ourselves up to the mesa. the high- lands, where move such figures as An. tonius and Lincoln and Jesus; if we can rise thus to the point where we can feed our enemy if he hunger and give him drink if he thirst, we haw the double satisfaction of triumphing over him, which is pleasant, and over ourselves, which ]s an infinitely great er pleasure`--Crane` A Change for the Better. The Fat Lady--"Tim tath;oed ms, is going to leave this bt:ncl and go out with a melo.:.a. '' The Glass Eatcr---"And what part is he going to play?" The Fat Lady--"nh, he is go. ing to be the 'duep uyed villain.' " Unuaual Circumstance. A very unusual circumstance Is re corded in lhe ease ef two Rockland ladies, one oF whom lately died in her seventieth year The surviving lady. who Is $1, made tim baby eloti]es [or the other attd .n due time also ter wedding clothes, and at the last made the funeral shroud and with her own hands dressed the younger wonmn In it,--Kennebec Journal. Russian Sables Almost Extinct. Kllllng sables In Ruses. tn entire disregar0 of future suppllos, has re- sulted in a steady ceclh,e m the catch, and In some dislrlct. tlat nearly et- tected the exlernllnilllon o| these val- uable fur beare,'s the matter has been taken up hy lhe authorities, ann no sables will be permitted to be naught during the presen season, and the matter ot maRln an absolutely closed period o! three years ts to be consld. ered without delay A Wish Gratified. "Jigp used to tell me that the dream of his life was to live some day in a big hou on a hill." "Poor fellow! And ow b Is in ridlcu]ous animal;" by'Varchi and by the state penlt@mtiarY," John Fiske as "an Improvable ani "True, but tkat iea bg  d real;" and Boerhave calls him "mud it happens to  @n a hill." worked up by the hnd nf God." Varying Opinions of Man. Man has been defined by Arislotle es "a reasoning animal:" by Plato as "a politJea] animal;" by Dante as "a seum and many visitors this division is known as the "boneyard." erhaps there is not the attraction in it for the average visitor thai there is in the display of mounted animals and the big cases of ethno- logical groups, but it is one of the most remarkable collections in the whole museum. There is probably less known about the technique of as- sembling the skeletons than of pre- paring the exhibits in any other sec- tion. Mr. Scollick who works on the upper floor of one of the small build- ings back of the Smithsontan Insti- tution, has been in charge of this work for years. The display now in the museum is largely his work, though some speciulens have been acquired by purchase and exchange. The exhibits range all the way from a full-grown elephant to a her- ring. Each of them represents weeks of technical skill apparently out of all proportion to the finished result. Though there is more labor in the work. the larger skeletons are the easier to handle. The collection in- cludes elephants, rhinoceroses, horses, gorillas, the larger monkeys, all sorts of deer, man himself and many mammals. Every bone in these big skeletons has to be drilled and artlculated with wires, springs and metal braces. Al- though these do not show, it is neces- sary that they be put in place with mathematical precision to give the natural appearance. And then, too. everything must be scientifically Just so. It is this which makes the fin- tshed work apparently so easy, but in reality so difficult. The smaller skeletons like lizards. small fish. bats and snakes are not held together by wires Their own cartilage dried In place is used to hold them together. This is one of the many reasons why a skeleton that is dried and mounted is never i..e,-e.,i,.e,.e..e..,.,e,,e.,e.,t..e..e.,e..e..e..e,.e..e..e,.....,,..... HIS WASTED , EFFORTS --"e"e"Oo'e'.e..-o.--e.,....e-.o..e.o.,e....e..o..o...,e. If Peaxlie Fattershall had told him to shave his hair in tufts and to walk down Main street on his hands and his heels in the air Tom Flanz would have obeyed her. At least .that's what everybody In town said. They also said it was p fectly ridiculous what a slave a man could make of himself Just because he had fallen in love with a girl. That fall Pearlie began raving over the football players on the stae uni- versity team, whose pictures were In all the weekly papers, and what made It more serious was the fact tha Ben Tirlit, one of the town boys and a rival of Tom's, was on the team. Tom shivered to think of the holiday vaca- tion, when Ben would be home and Pearlie could worship him in person. Tom realized to the full the vaga- ries of the feminlne heart. He knew that mere worth did not count against brass buttons or brawn and Ben Tlr- lit certainly had plenty of the latter. He looked like a young ox. Tom bit- terly reflected, gazing at the football team as pictured in the window of Peterson's drug store. Every time he went to sail on Pear- lie nowadays she recited the football scores to him and inqulred if he didn't think the run that Ben Tlrlit made In the last game was perfectly wonder- ful! She said she Just loved athletic men. That settled it. Tom Flanz was built on fat attd bulky lines, but if Pearlie liked 'em athletic, why, ath- letic he would be. There was some- thing heroic about Tom Flanz's whole souled sacrifice of himself. What he really liked was a big plateful of buckwheat cakes for breakfast and an easy chair and riding instead of walking, but he held grimly to his dlet, religiously swung his Indian clubs, painstakingly worked his pat- ent exerciser and walked five miles a day. "I'm training down," he told Pearlie Fattershall with pride. "I really have got a lot of muscle!" "Have you?" she asked, absently. "I shouldn't have thought it. Did you ever play football when yOU were at college ?" What chance, Tom Flanz reflected desperately on the way home,  a fellow tied down by buslnmm anat a great lazy loafer at school, who did nothing but chase a football over the ground.? Then he redoubled his exer- cise. It w such a MIotm matter with .him that hi= friends began to tak an interest. They all knew that Tom was immolating himself becalms Pear- lie Pattershall liked athletic men. They took a pernonl intert in hls cutting out Ben Tlrlit. and when that young gentleman came home at holi- day time and took Pearlia to the dance they were indignant They considered that  was playing un- fairly. But Tom kept on with his exorcise and his diet. He began to grow thin, boiled. Not only would the boiling naturally, tt that did not eatisfy him, make the bones fall apart, but it .for he yearned for the bulk and brawn would drive in the grease and make of Tirlit. However, he could not the bones yellow, the one thing not desired. The meat is taken ff the raw bones with a scrapbr and then the bones are carefully washed clean of grease with gasoline. Acids are not used at all except on rare occa- sions t remove a stain. Great care must be exercised in the drying and bleaching of the bones. This cannot be done in a hot sun. because the hot sun will crack the bones, as It will seasoning wood. From a bone artist's viewpoint the best bleaching weather is a gray, drizzling day. when there is no dan- ger of the sun getting In its damag- ing work. Sometimes the bones de- velop black streaks, but this can usually be remedied with the use of dilute ammonia. From beginning to end the whole skeleton cleaning process is tiresome and is said to "get on the nerves" worse than any other form of speci- men mounting car-ried on at the mu- seum. Weeks of cleaning are re- quired to prepare some of the small fish skeletons, som of which have to be mounted against glass to keep them properly assemble for display. The bat skeletons, with their long, delicate wings, are also mounted in this way. Bone articulation and skeleton mounting is a craft about which the public knows little, and even when an expert in this line starts on a new specimen he has no idea how long it will be before the Job is finished. Our National Anthem. The president of the Chicago board of education is much worked up over his belief that few people, young or old. know what the national anthem is. As a matter of fact no one, not even the complainant, knows what the national anthem  is, because there, is none authoritatively selected. He thinks "The Star-Spangled Banner" Is. Others with Just = as much authority say it is "America." a third class de- clares it is "Hall Columbia," a few hold out for Mrs. Howe's "Battle Hymn." and the southerners make it "Dixie." But in sober fact. while we have a variety of elalmants, we have no estahlished national anthem. It is too bad that we are thus handicapped among nations, and none the less de- plorable that the United States is so lacking in musical talent. Evidently Fame is in ambush for some one, but the old girl Is as fickle as ever. or else we are going to seed. have the bulk without achieving it by ,fat, and this worried him. He road all the sporting paget of the city newspapers in order to en- liven hi= convertmtion by score and gossip and thus prove to Poarlie that .he took an abiding interest in ate. letlcs. Instead of being impret=ed by this she took it a a matter of course. "People do like sports and ath- letics," she sighed. "Did you happen to notice what the last football score was ?" "I can lift ten pounds more than any other ma 11 town," Tom told her one day late in the winter. "Can you?" Pearlie asked politely. "What's the useT' Tom Flanz's Jaw dropped. "II thought you liked athletic men!" he stammered out. "You're so crazy over the football news and Ben Tirlit and things like that. I--I've been trying to qualify, Pearlie. I knew you wouldn't like me Just for myself and I've been working hard at athletics this winter. I can't play football, but I can do lot= of other things! ' Pearlie Fattershall looked at him with startled eyes. "Do you mean to nay,'" she began, indignantly, "that you've deliberately gone about getting thin and scrawny and like a pickled chicken, as you have been lately, be- cause you thought I'd like you better? My goodness, Tom Flanz, I like you heaps better when you're fat and com- fortable, and I don't care if you're ath. letic or not! Why, you---are you:" "Pearlie," breathed Tom Flanz In a voice broken with emotion, "why the dickens didn't you tell me that early last fall? Think of all the buck- wheat cakes I've missed!" NO DEATHS FROM HEAT IN THE SOUTH. |t should I)c noticcd by our nortl{- crn and castern readers that during the intense heated period extending all over the country and embracing thc fourth and fifth of July, there were no heat prostrations and no deaths in the South. Not a single one was reported from any part of Arkat)sas, although the weather was distressingly warm for a few days. The weather in Arkansas was helpful to cotton and there is every indica- tion at this time of a good yield, as tbe extreme heat seems to incha'd a had effect upon Mr, Boll Wvil. ! ]/ e ,I r