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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
July 8, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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July 8, 1911

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.h COP0000,00ESSMEN Wit0 DIFFER FROM % \\; \\; i r T THE b()U IHERN GUAIlDIAN rage , i OTHERS HOW SOME MEN LOOK GLIMPSES OF TYPES IN HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. BrumIuel o[ the house, "Jimmy" Burke of Pennsylvania. Althougtl it might be 'ncldentally remarked that about 30 members of congress are addicted to the habit of wearing a carnation and that there are other members who con- sider themselves "classy" dressers, none of them attempts to shine in the splendid raiment of Burke. It Is no exaggeration to say that dress with him has been carried to the point of a fine art and as one of his fellow members not long ago-remarked "he is always a symphony In some shade or other." Representative Burke comes from Pittsburg. When quite young he was appointed court stenographer and was graduated from the law department of the Michigan university in 1892, stand- ing fourth In a class of 200. After his graduation he was admitted to prac- tice In the courts of Michigan and December 16, 1893, was admitted to the bar of Allegheny county, Penn- sylvania. In 1904 he was elected to congress. Facts Concerning Men Distinguished by Personal or Other Peculiarities --The Largest and Smallest Baldest and Richest. Although there are nearly 400 die- tinct types in the house of representa- tives, there are a round dozen who for one reason or  other are especial. .-.,2. ly distinguished in appearance. For example: Nicho- las Longworth, of Ohio. is the bald- est "man in the house; Edmund T. Stack, of Illinois, has the most hair; "ellis" James, of Kentucky, is the big- gest man and S. W. Smith, of Mlchi. gan, ts the smallest; Richmond P. Hobson. of Alabama, has the strongest voice and Gem Isaac Sherwood, of Ohio, has the one most nearly ap. preaching a whisper; the Beau Brum- mel is "Jimmy" Burke, of Pennsyl- vania; Claude Kitchen, of North Care- llna is the moat famous satirist; Hen- ry W. Bingham, of Pennsylvania, is the oldest member and William F. Mur- ray, of Massachusetts, is the youngest; the busiest man is James R. Mann, of Illinois, and the richest is William B. McKinley, of Illinois. Of the above list five have been picked for especial description in this article and they are Burke, Bingham, James. McKinley and Kitchen. The richest man in the house of rep- resentatives, William B. MKinley, has had a picturesque and phenomenally successful career. He Is a short man but little over five feet. The top of his round head is as smooth as a bil- liard ball, but his upper lip is decorated by a fringe of red mustache. His alert gray eyes are his most distinguished feature. In Illinois and in St. Louis he is known best as a traction mag- nate. He started in business with his uncle, who was a mortgage and loan broker, when only 15 years old and by the time he was 20 he conceived the idea of building an electric ligh.t plant for his home city and a little later a water works. Seeking new fields to conquer, he began the construction of similar plants in leading towns throughout Illinois. Then he turned his attention to the street railway business and now personally controls 800 miles of street and interurban railways in Illinois. An,one who has seen ellis M. James of Kentucky will freely acknowledge that he can safely lay claim to being a physical giant. He is the biggest man his state has ever sent to con- gross, and some giant statesmen have come to Washington from the moun- tains of the commonwealth, ellis ie about six feet six inches. He weighs in the neighborhood of 350 pounds. Gen. Henry Harrison Blnghain, the "father" of the house, has had a long career in congress. In the Civil war he arose from the shoulder straps of a lieutenant to the stars of a general, gaining the medal of honor from con- gress for exceptional bravery. General Bingham was born lu Phila- delphia in 1841. He ts the son of James Bingham, who back in the early '40's was the senior member of the firm of Blngham & Dock, which was engaged in the general freighting and railroad tranapot'tatlon business between Pltts- burg and New York. He was wound- ed at the,battle of Gettysburg in 1863. at Spottsylvania in 1864. and at Farm- vials in 1865, two days before the close of the war. He was captured in 1864 at the battle of Boydton plank road, but escaped during the night. That Representative Kltchin'u title as the "house satirist" is well earned many of his associates, against whom his shafts halts been directed, can tes- tify. He started out in life with the purpose of devoting himself to his profession, the law, and had bold no )s oce until elected to congress some I" nine or ten years ago. And now we come to the Beau EO00D ROADS 60SPEL DISCIPLES ARE THICK AS BUMBLE BEES IN A CLOVER PATCH. NOT ALL CALLED TO PREACH Desire Is Strong, but Knowledge Is LackingWonderful Progress in Campaign for Better Highways Cut Out All Fads. BY HOWARD H. GROSS. If one looks carefully over the press clippings that come in upon the que- Lion of good roads, he will be aston. tshed at several things. First, the widespread Interest that is taken in the subject. Better high- ways are being discussed everywhere --in the shop, store, the school, at the cross roads, women's clubs, grain exchanges, boards of trade, railway meetings, etc. The advocates of good roads are am thick as bumble bees in a clover patch. All sorts of solutions are offered, most of which are imprac- ticable, and if undertaken would be simply a waste of time and money. It remtd n, f the rm,rk of a hi]os- over wblch the food supply of the world must be moved. The other question is one of the social and edu- cational advantages that follow good road construction. Fortunately it ls true that the same highways that would give the largest returns from an economic standpoint, are the roads best suited to give the higlest advancement. Hence the ned is not these great, broad, expensive highways, extending hundreds of milc, s In any given direction, but a network el' good roads, nlnc to twelve feet wide, covering the main hh-dways of the country and centering in Clue mar- ket towns upon the railways. The wagon roads are the veins of com- merce; the railways the arteries. The largest public good will come from such a condition that there will be a free and uninterrupted movement upon both the highways and railways throughout the year. Among the economic advPntages l that it enables the farmer to keep in close touch with the market and make his deliveries when in his Judg- ment the best price can be realized. There is no doubt that a large per- centage--the major portion--of the farm produce for the last 50 years in the Mississippi valley has been sold and moved with road conditions as the determining factor. It is, "Hoormy, boys, we must get this grain to mar- ket because the roads are good" and not necessarily because the price is .% roadside in .lamah:a. Shows the ilut of a native. These banana trees grow wild as well as oranges. There are few places in the world where one can live with less labor than in parts of Jamaica. Even here the roads are good--far bet- ter than the Central West of the United States. her, who, after listening to a young lady of voluble conversation, said: OUR MILLIONS GO TO EUROPE "What a Ue it would be if,be would mo]p talking for a little while and do Foreigners In the United Btatsm lent $i00,00O,0OO to Their Native Lands In 1910, American dollars are pouring into the coffers of other nations of the earth as they never did before, accord- ing to statistics compiled by the post- office authorities, and those countries which have their largest clamm= are getting the great bulk of the money. Italian residents of the United States last year sent to Italy, In round figures, $26,000,000, while the amount sent in 1909 was $8,000,000 less. Hun- gary showed the greatest gain with a total of $37,000,000. All the coun- tries ncluded in Great Britain re- ceived last year $14,000,000, as against $12,000,000 the previous year. - Germany received $4,700,000; France, $1,884,000; Austria, $10,000,- 000; Sweden, Belgium and Greece $1,000,000 each. Nearly every nation on the face of the earth took Its toll from the United States last year and toll is increasing rapidly. ARE 411,322 0FFICEHOLDERS Four and One-Half Tenths of the Pop- ulation of the United States In Federal Service. There are in all 411,322 federal of- ficeholders in this country. This Is 4 tenths of one per cent. of the en- tire population of the United States. Of this number the president appoints, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, but 9,846. There are under civil service rules 262,608, of which the postoffice department has 147,727; the treasury department has 27,093; the war department, exclusive of officers and enlisted men of the army, 28,102; the department of Jus- tice, 5,700; the department of agricul- ture, 12,519; the department of the in- terior, 14,262; the department of com- merce and labor, 14,797; the govern- ment printing office, 3,925; the inter- state commerce commission, 614, and the Smithsonian institution, 424. mmne thinking." There are disciples without number who feel they are caged to preach the of good roads. They know lit- tie or nchlng of the subject, but the deLro is strong and impelling. It re- one of the young divinity stu- dent with very little aptitude for the prea$1un he proposed to adopt and from which the bishop was trying to dizuado him because he regarded him as wholly inapt. The man maintained he was called to preach and therefore he was to obey the summons. The bishop asked him in what manner the can had come. He ld he had had a dream in which he saw outlined in the heavens clearly in letters oLwhite "P. C.," which he interpreted to mean to go and preach Christ. The blshQP told him he had no doubt he had seen the vision as stated, but he had misin- terpreted it, and that the letters "P. C." in his caee meant to plow corn. It is so with the good roads advocates. How Expenses Grow. During" Grant's second administra- tion "Gath," a well-known Washing- ton correspondent, called attention to the fact that the president's secre- tary was paid $8,500 a year and two clerks were paid $2,000 each. Extrav- agant salaries for such functionaries. At the present time the president's secretary is secretary to the president and draws $7,500 a year. There is also an executive clerk, $3,000; a chief clerk, $4,000; an appointment clerk, $3,500; a record clerk, $2,500; two stenographers at $2,500 each, and many other clerks, none of whom draw less than $2,000. On the White House staff are 36 employees, Includ- Ing two laborers at $840. The presi- dent's salary is now $75,000 a year with traveling expenses. In the Grant regime it was $25,000. The White House employees of today are all needed and are not paid more than they could get In other line, a, all of which illustrates that this country and the business of the chief exeot tire is growing. at its best. This hurrying of product to market swamps the railroad com- panies and they are unable to move the freight and enables the shrewd dealers in the city to manipulate prices, pushing them UP or down, and to reap a rich harvest out of the farm- er on the one hand and the consumer on the other. Colossal fortunes have been built up through the grain ex- changes. The principal factor that enables them to do this ta bad and at tim impassable rola. If good roads advocates will confine their talk and recommendations to the highways that will serve the people, and such highways as the people can a#Vord to build, much greater progrea will ba made. In some lnatance good roads san be built with gravel at hand at from $700 to $1,000 a mlle. Where the gravel must be shipped some distance the cost will be double. When crushed stone is used and must be shipped by train, the expense will be any. where from $8,000 to $5,000 a mile Even at $5,000 a mile it would pay well to build good roads upon the A road that l undrained, undragged, ueleee ann uninviting. Query: ls It a highway or mlreway? The march of progress ever each roads will certainly be slow. Such roads mean Isolation, drudgery, poor schools, poverty and wretched- ness. The building of good roads will practically double the value of such farm lands and the State and 1,ederal Government ought to help build the roads. A good road ought to change the name of such a locality from Mud Flats to Plea,=- ant Plains. many of them doing more harm than good. One enthusias.t, who has been much in evidence, ts telling the people how they can get good roads without money. He might as well try to boost htmself over a fence by pulling at his boot straps. The good roads question is a tre- mendously big one and must be han- dled in a big way. No one can mas- ter the subject in a short time. The writer has spent 15 years digging into it from every angle and he fmls that there is yet much to learn. Some good roads enthusiasts have proposed the building of great national highways connecting all the capitals of the states, or a great trans-continental roadway from Boston to San Francis= co, or from Chicago to the gulf. Such roads would be tremendously expen- sive, and about the only thing that they could be used for would be as speedways for automobiles. These are not the roads that the public needs. In the building of highways there are two great questions involved. One is the economic advantages to be lul from the transportation view. Imint, and this means good roads from the farm home to the market towns, highways, if it is done by the state aid plan. Those "who are objecting to the building of good roads advance ob- Jections that are found to be falla- cious, upon a little consideration. The writer remembers one man who inter- rupted' him during an address, and re- marked that in some parts of the country they were bull "ing hard roads at a cost of from $8,000 to $10,000 a mile, and then said that their town- shlp had about 72 miles of highways and proceeded to show that the ex. penes would be at $8,000 a mile to cover all the hlghways with this type of road. Upon a little inquiry it was disclosed that the roads in. question were brick roads, built upon a con. crete foundationan excellent road to be sure, and such as it may pay to build where the traffic is very heavy and there l= a large amount of tax- able property to pay the bill--but these are not the roads that It is usual. ly practicable to build. No township needs anything like 72 miles. The facts are that four-fifths of the traffic lasses over about one-fourth of the road mileage, and it has been found the country over, at home and abroad, that wizen from one-fourth to one-third per year over and above what it would cost to perform the same service over roads that are nnilormly good. One of the great world questions is that of good roads, and the sooner the people wake up to the fact the faster and surer will our progress be toward hlgher and better things. There is a widespread clamor for a parcel pest and strong influences axe tt work to get the federal government committed to it. The indications are lhat it will be tried out on a moderate scale. Whether the paxcel post will prove a blessing or otherwise is an open question, and one we will not at this time discuss. We may say, how- ever, that any attempt at the parcel post that contemplates extending the service to the rural mall routes will prove a disappointment. The condi- tions of the public roads are such that for weeks at a time it would be physi- cally impossible to make delivery. The carriers are taxed now to the limit. !f he starts out with fifty pounds over bad roads it is a heavier burden than five times the weight over a good road. Given the paJ'cel post in full swing and without doubt the weight the car- rler must handle will be many times what it is now. Any one familiar with conditions will say that without good l,rmanent highways the delivery of packages over rural routes will be a physical Impossibility. The first thing o strive for is good roads; let the parcel post come later. 3O0D ROADS IN NORTHWEST Washington State Alive to the Im- portance of Having Service. able Highways. The northwest is alive to the value of good roads. In a recent issue of 'he Seattle (Wash.) Intelligencer the tatement Is made that before the ummer is over Seattle and Tacoma vill be connected by a flist-elass ma- cadamized highway. In King county, f which Seattle is the seat, there .,All be $320,000 available, including :ute aid, for road improvement this year. Much of this will be spent on t trunk line destined to connect Seat- le and Everett. From Everett to Tacoma an improved road is a mat- or of the near future. This road work is part of a general plan to build a trunk line from the northern to the outhern boundary of Washington, which in turn will become part of a highway from the Great Lakes to the ocean, through the northern tier of stae, and this will connect with an. other trunk line from British Columbia down the coast to Mexleo---a dream of that wide-awake country that is certain to be realized in the next few years. TRY FERRO-CEMENT ROADS Experiment= With This Substance'In France Have Been Highly Succeufui. "Ferro-cement" roads axe bein ex. perimented with In France. The sub- stance is made of cement mixed with straw. To make a slab or block o! ferro-cement, a mass of iron-straw is placed in the mold, and there is poured over it cement sufficiently fluid to penetrate into all the interstices of the iron and completely cover it. When the whole has set, the core of fret. thus intimately incorporated gives te tile block a great resistance to brook- age and to traction, at the same time Iurnlshing elasticity to compression hleh enables it to stand superficial hoeks. A brick of forte-cement 1 3-5 mches thick has supported during :rushing tests, a pressure of about 65 one to the square inch. In breakage csts, the resistance was quadruple hat of ordinary cement. Resistance o wear was no less remarkable. ELECTRIC MULES FOR PANAMA Railroad to Be Built Along Panama for Drawing 6hips From Ocean to Ocean. The first shipment of steel has been made from New York for building a ,mique electric railway along the Pan- tma canal for drawing great ships rom ocean to ocean. The enormous volume of shipping across the isthmus ,rill be drawn on the ancient towpath ystem, so that it will be unnecessary :or steamers to proceed under their own steam. In place of the mules, on this curious towpath, powerful electric locomotives will draw the largest ships smoothly and swiftly acros the continent. A steamer of, say 20,009 tons, which the canal will realliy accommodate, is obviously a very heavy burden, and the eleetrlc loco- motives will be geared to the trlka by a middle rail in the form of a rack, The canal commission has ad. vertlsed for 2,000,000 pounds of steel ties, slots and covers and 1,800,000 pounds of steel channels. This rack railway will be built by the commis- sion, and will be in working order in less than two years, in time for the opening of the canal. 811vet-Eyed Beefsteak, The London cop calls his ha,if-pez=- ny herring his alined-eyed beefsteak and there are hundreds cooking every minute in London town where on I eaten here. Any time of the year big part of this city would profit h) eating fish for 'a spell instead of beet With no open air exercise beet is heap harder than fish for tl body t, get rid of, because there la a good dee more water in fish than in bee/ o pork. Fish are fat or lean. ]gel. ,1 men, herring are more than We i cont. grease. Halibut and mackar are two to five per cent. fat: coL whiting, haddock, even leu  two @er csnt.--New York Prmm. AGED TREASURY EMPLOYE Man Dead Whose Deft Fingers Once Counted Twc Million Dollars In Ninety Seconds. George W. Marlor. cashler and as- sistant reasurer of the United States subtreasury, a veteran of the Seventh regiment's Civil war roll and f#r 46 years attached to the Wall street stronghold of government funds, died a few days ago at his home at Resells, N.J. Mr. Marlor Ilad handled billions of dollars of American money--proba- bly more money than any man who ever lived in the United States--and his deft fingers hehl many records for speed in counting bills. Once he counted $2,000,000 in notes in 90 sec- onds. The $10,000,000 purchases of gold from the Bank of England, or the Bank of France, that sometimes come under ale Jurisdiction when the gold was brought to the assay office, were small routine matters to him and he handled them with as nluch ease and freedom as though they involved noth- Ing more important than the purchase of a pound of tea. Let a counterfeit one dollar bill find its way into the realm of the financially elect aml his trained hand and eye picked it out from its :egltlmute fellows with un. erring accuracy. His sense of touch was so acute that he could tell the good from the bad Instantly without looking at the face of the bills. Mr. Marlor came from the Metro- politan bank to the government serv- ice. He had been a clerk in the bank up to 1866, when, .on May 16, of that year, John A. Stewart, who was United States treasurer under the Lincoln ad. ministration, gave him a place at the subtreasury. He began as a counter of money, and it was his work in this capacity that brought hm before his superiors and the public as a remarkably accu- rate, fast and intelligent worker. An idea of the amount that had to be bounted and handled may be gained from the statement that it was neces- sary to count $282,000,000 when Mr. Terry was given the place of Mr. Fish. FRENCH AMBASSADOR'S WIFE Mme. Jusserand. Who We= an Amer. Ican Girl and Does Credit to Our Country. One of the most courteous and suc- cessful hostesses in the diplomatic corps in Washington is Mme. Jusser- and, wife of the French ambassador. She was an American girl, the daugh- ter of G. T. Rlchaxds, a Boston banker, her maiden name being Elsie Rich- ards. Apparently American women are Peculiarly adapted to fulfill the duties of an ambassadress, for there have been many matrimonial alliances between young women of this country and foreign diplomats, Before her husband was promoted to Washington, and while he was min- ister to Denmark. Mme. Jusserand presided over his legation in Copen- hagen with great success. An ambas- sadress necessarily has much influ- ence with her husband and often shares with him official secrets of great importance. Naturally, to be successful in such a position a wom- an must possess cleverness, tact and a fine sense of humor. With these qual- ities and all others that are to be desired in a charming woman. Mme. Jusserand is abundantly blessed. Was Saving Them. Mrs. Champ Clark. wife of the speaker of the house, tells a tory of her ancient cook. who took a liking to every article in her mistress' wardrobe. It was "Please give me this" and "Please give me that," until Mrs. Clark took a trlp'to St. Louis and laid in a generous sup- ply of hosiery and underwear and out- er garments for the old mammy. i gifts were received with gratitude, but presently the old cook was at her old tricks, asking for stockings, aprons and wrappers. "What did you do with all those things I brought you f.rom St. Louis?" demanded Mrs. Clark. "Why. missle." answered the wom- an. "I couldn't use them things. Not for nothing. I am saving them all to be buried in." "Nick" is Some Joker. An Ohio farmer who wrote that he owned nine cows and asked Repre- sentative Longworth to send him a government exterminator for flies, re. ceived the following reply: "Sorry, but I, too, am in quest of the same thing. I have no cows, but I have a bald head. Sometimes I wish I were a cow instead of a congreu-