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July 8, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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July 8, 1911

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THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN ,p Vol. I. Little Rock, Arkansas, July 8, 1911 Number 16 "i /  BERNARD VAUGHAN. Father Bernard Vaughan of the So- ciety of Jesus, who is said to be com- ing over to pay a visit to this coun- try in the fall, is one of the great figures of the Church in England at the present time. His name is known from Land's End to John o'groots-- that is from the south of England to tile most northerly point in Scotland --and even by those to whom the Society is a malediction dire and deep, they perforce are obliged to admit the power of his personality, his wide influence, and the noble self-abnegation of his life. It is no exaggeration to state that when he is announced to be the preacher or the speaker, churches or halls are packed to their capacity; Father Vaughan has the exceptiox;al faculty of being able to hold the attention of the rich and the poor alike, of be- ing able to penetrate to the recesses of heart and soul in the wide diverg- encies in tile social strata and lay bare the places enthralled by the noise and glare of the many sophisms which pass for wisdom in the seats of the mighty or in the tale of the mean streets. Not all who exclaim- eth "I am a Jesuit" have the gift of being "all things to all men," and this not in the debased sense of that much nsed apostolic phrase. Stories are told of how Father Vaughan can enter the lowest courts and alleys of London wthere the ubi- quitous policeman cannot go; of his deep love and admiration for the poor, of how their enthusiasm for him stripped of the formalism of the society code, becomes an education in that Cockney slang peculiar to London and to nowhere else. "It is the poor, the very poor" he says "who are richer than the rich in their generosity; who have the pa- tience which would make the very stones cry out. It is wonderful and there is nothing like it." If one considers the febr:le manifestations the desire for complexity and the scorn for simplicity of the very rich who can deny the words or forget that tremendous indictement "it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of Heaven?" Father Vaughan conies from one of the finest families of the old aristocracy when Mammon opened fewer doors to honors or titles than in these our lesser days. One re- members his famous brother the Car- dihal--the fine picture of a particiau in his scarlet robes who was never quite understood by Anglicans, and whose asceticism was so often set down by them as simple foolishness but the memory lingers more on the former, for Father Vaughan's personality not only calls for a spontaneous appreciation, but for the sense of personal affection as well. Who is there that has not been in th6 beautiful Church of the hnmaculate Conception in Farm Streethiddeu in a little quaint by-water within reach of the tide of fashion which ebbs not where Hyde Park stands as a green oasis in the heart of west end of London--and listened to this great Jesuit plead for "whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report?" Happy they who have seen that splendid figure and listened to that noble voice; hap- pier they who have laid the solenm unction of his words to their hearts ant hound them as frontlets to their eyes so that they forget not Zion in the hour of trial and trouble. For theever bright and peaceful trinity, sane and whole by its sunshine and Faith, Hope and Charity, makes life consolation crowning the ardent hours with gladnes s and giving a great answer to the philosophers who ask "who shall create a soul under the ribs of death?" Father Vaughan is of au imposing appearance, tall and well propor- tioned With a strong mouth and kind eyes, and, lie towers up in the pulpit using all 'his eloquence and his knowledge of men and things to bring that peace which the world cannot give, and that righteousness which comes from the .stern Ten Command- ments. Search but Farin Street in the height of a London season when Father Vaughan is the preach- er and you will find it filled with thudding niotors and a steady stream t people of all sorts and condi- tions; those who'have come across the many waters of theSeven Sea, others from the uttermost parts of the earth, and you will be fortunate indeed if you do not have to stand at the back of the Church. Curiosity wt'r]{s often the mother of evll as 'w,.. of good has.drawn many to G:I !:;2  :, .i: ..... hear the preacher who has denounc- ed the scathing vanity of the Sins of Society, or it has taken others to hear the fine series of sermons he preached on the Maid of Orleans. What crimes have been connnitted in the name of history, what material- ism has been thrust into episodes by those whose one steady iim has been to search for the beam and the mote, and bow fragant it is to find one who can find the spirtual atti-i tude in certain matters of great pith and moment? And this spiritual at- titude asks, nay demands certain con- ditions without which char4n one ever so wisely it availieth nothing. Was it not Solomon who said "Get wisdom, but with all thy getting get understanding", and it is this under- standing of a spiritual nature which Father Vaughan possesses in so rich and deep a manner, and which he uses tothrow light upon such a char- acter as the Maid of Orleans. The noisy materialism of the 18th cen- tury had its day, and today the ten- dency is to revolt from conceptions which if they were noveI were noth- ing more than reeds broken by the wind of time and experience. The mere fact that the philospher will "peep and botanize upon his mother's grave-" betokens a quality of mind which swings to the pole of heterodoxy with all things under tbe sun carefully phrased and labelled. Progress in civilization is one thing to the materialist and quite a dif- ferent one to those who garner up treasure in things of the spirit. And to hear Father Vaughan on this per- itent point is as refreshing as green meadows and still waters after the choking dust of "t vast city. What- ever may be asserted to the con- trary man does not live by bread alone, for what the internal life of a nation may be, its aim and ideals will be reflected in the external. It is a point on which Father Vaughan is never tired of reiterating; it is the wisdom with the understanding, for on it tim ultimate greatness of a natioh depends, and nothing can save it from the phantasmagoria of deso- lationif it has indulged in the jug- gling of moral values. The canker will eat into its heart until the blood- red sun of revolution will gaze up- on the stricken nation as it once more adjusts its moral standards up- on which our civilization, however crudely, is based. Many a noble voice cries out in the wilderness of the world weary with the enigma of life, as it asks in thewildnerness of the world weary with the engima of life, as it asks in the words of Pilate "What is Truth?" But in Father Vaughan, by the grace of God, Defender of the Faith, is a great and worthy son of St. Ig- natius, pleading with touching gen- tleness, yet stern too, when hypoc- risy stalks with its ugly mask, urg- ing the sinner to repentance and the evil mau to forsake his way--not for money or the goods of this world, but for the motto of his order under which he fights "for the greater glory of God." C. DECKER. THE PRIMITIVE CHURCH "On another occasion 1 spoke of! the rapid growth and development of the Christian religion in the days of the Apostles and in the centuries immediately following, l asserted that the Church's expansion and en- during vitality must be regarded as miraculous. For while all human institutions and governments are subject to the law of birth, develop- ment, decay and death, the religion of Christ maintains her vigor unim- paired. The primary cause of her miraculous continuity and expansion must, of course, be ascribed to the promise made by Christ to His Apos- tles when He said: 'Go, teach all na- tions, and hehold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world.' "But as Ahnighty God works His wonders through human instruments and secondary causes, it may be in- teresting and instructive to us to consider some of the leading agen- cies which, trader the influence of God's grace, operated so powerfully in the diffusion of the Christian re- ligion in the early period of the Church. "The first and most el:ficacious in- fluence may be attributed to the sub- lime and beautiful teachings of Christianty. The Christian religion proclaimed then, as it does now, doc- trines which satisfied the highest as- piration of the human intellect, and gratified the legtimate cravings of the human heart. Itsolved reqgious problems which had baffled the re- earches of the most profound phil- spers of Pagan antiquity, and which baffle the investigations of the thinkers of our day who are not gui- ded by the light of revelation. Gave Rational Idea of God The Christian religion gave the pagan world a rational idea of God. It proclaimed a God essentially one, existing from eternity to eternity. It proclaimed a God who created all things by His power, who governs all things by His wisdom, and whose superintending Providence watches over the affairs of nations as well as of men, without Whom not even a bird can fall to the ground. It spoke of a God infinitely just, infinitely merciful, infinitely holy, infinitely wise. This idea of a Supreme Being so constant to our intellectual con- ceptions was in striking contrast with the low, debasing and sensual no- tions which the pagan world as- cribed to its divinties. "The religion of Christ not only gave man a sublime notion of his i Creator, hut gave him also a ration- al idea of himself. Hitherto man was a mystery and a riddle to him- self. He knew not whence he came, nor whither he was going. He was groping in the dark; the past and the future were for him buried in impenetrable darkness. The religion of Christ imparted to him a knowl- !edge of his origin, of his destiny, nd the means of attaining it. It rescued him from the frightful laby- rinth of error inwhich paganism had involved him. What light and joy Christian revelation brught to those who were walking in the dark- ness of paganism may be inferred from the sagacious speech of the English thane to Edwin, King of Northumbria. When Edwin delib- [crated in 627 of becoming a Chris- tian, whose wife Ethelburga had al- !ready embraced the Christian relig- ion, he convoked an assembly of his counsellors. One of them thus spoke : " 'Often, O King, in the depth of winter, when you are feasteing with your thanes, and the fire is blazing on the hearth in the midst of the hall, you have seen a sparrow pelted by the storm enter at one dooi" and escape at the other. During its pas- sage it was visible; but whence it came or whither it went, you know lot. Such seems to me to lie the ire of man. He walks the earth foor a few years; but what precedes his birth, or what is to follow afer death we cannot tell. Undoubtedly, if the new religion can unfold these impor- tant secrets, it must be worthy of our attention, and ought to be fol- lowed.' "The Christian religion gave not only light to man's intellect, but also peace to his heart. It brought him that peace of God which surpas- eth all understanding, and which springs from the concious posses- sion of the truth. It commnnicated to him a triple peace. It taught him how to have peace with God by the observance of His commands; )eace with his neighbor by fulfilling the law of justice and charity, and )eace with himself by keeping his passions subject to reason, and rea- son guidede by the light of faith Cardinal Gibbon. THE POPE'S ROUTINE. How the Holy Father Employs His Time. The-following is tile Pope's order of day. No monastery rule could be more severe or more uniform, says, ' " " ' S " 'Lemame Rehgneu. e de Laral. Plus X has always had the habit of rising at daybreak, both winter and summer. His toilet is made without the assistance of a valet, a custom he has been faithful to ever since he left the seminary. Immediately after ris- ing he goes down to the chapel and there, hefore the Blessed Sacrament, is covered with a red carpet, he kneeling on a walnut prie-Dieu, which makes a meditation for an hour; he then recities a portion of his office. On this prie-Dieu there is a large brevary with a leather binding it is the Holy Father's favorite prayer book. He often takes as subject for his meditation a text from the Homi- lies of the Feast or from the lessons for the day. After office and meditation, Plus X celebrates Holy Mass in his private chapel. This is at about 6 o'clock. Strangers often assist at this cere- mony. The Pope is pleased to give Holy Comnmnion to persns who asks the favor from him of assisting at his mass. During his own Thanks- giving the Pope assists kneeling at a second mass celebrated by one of his chaplains. He then goes into the ante-cham- ber, and he usually receives the per- sons presnted to him there. To each one of them he speaks a few words of consolation and encouragement He is, inded, the "Good Sheperd," who knows all his sheep, and whom all his sheep know. Pins X later on takes a little black coffee in his own room, and at 8 o'clock tie receives his !private secretaries. The private ehamberlains also come at the same time to receive the orders for the day. When the work is regulated, the Pope remains alone until 9 o'clock. From 9 to t2 o'clock he receives the Cardin- als and Ambassadors. At ]2 o'clock Plus X says the Angelus, and tie then goes to the dining room. Custom or- dains that the Pope should always dine alone at a small tahle covered with a canopy. Pins X, however, at times breaks this tradition by invit- ing distinguished prelates to sit at his table, lie repast is very simple, even monastic, for the Pope when he is alone. After dinner Plus X goes out in the Vatican garden, and takes a walk in company with another prelate. This is the best time for an audience for those favored by an invitation. When the Holy Father is alone he speaks to the noble guard who accompany him, to the gardeners who are at work, and he converses with them in a pa- ternal manner. About 2 o'clock the Pope returns to his own apartment, and remains there alone until 5 o'clock. It is his hour for prayer and recollection. Pins X has a devotion to recite at this time his office in union with the monks in the monasteries in the neighborhood, who 'cannot chant it in choir. Five o'clock is post hour. The Pope re- ceives official personages as in the morning. At 8 o'clock Plus X takes a light collation, during which one of his secretaries reads a pious book aloud for him. It is genrally a chap- ter from "The Imitation of Christ," a work for which the Holy Father has a special fondness. At 9 o'clock, again, according to Roman customi he receives persons of intportance or :he members of his household, with hom he converses on business, '0od works, and other projects. It is often II o'clock, nearly midnight, when he thinks of taking a little rest. All his servants have by that hour retired for the night. Plus X, in order to make attendance on him simpler, has arranged to have his bedrooms above his official apartment. It is sim- ilar to a monk's cell. He only has, as lie formerly had at Venice, a plain ton bedsteada camp lied. It is on :his that the beloved chief, the vigi- lant guardian of Holy Church, sleeps for a few hours. Everyone in the Vatican has been a long time resting when Plus X thinks of sleep.Irish Standard. PULPIT, PRESS AND PLAT- FORM. Tile anniversary of the National Holiday makes it of interest to re- call the circumstance of the first 'ormal Catholic celebration of the Fouth of July. July 2, I779, M, Ger- ard, the Minister Plenipotentiary of France to the United States, sent out an invitation to the President, the members of the Continental Con- gress, and the leading citizens of Philadelphia, in which city the seat of govermnent was then located, "to attend the Te Deum which will be chanted on the 4th of this month, at noon, iu the new Catholic chapel (St. Mary's), to celebrate the anni- versary of the Independence of the United States of America." These oficials of the Government accepted the invitation and whh a number of distinguished citizens were present and listended to the following ser- mon, delivered by the Reeolect, Father Seraphim Bandol, who was the chaplain to the French Minister: "Gentlemeu:We are assembled to celebrate the anniversary of that day which Providence had marked in His Eternal Decrees to become the epoch of liherty and independence to thir- teen United States of America. That Being, whose Ahnighty hand holds all existence beneath its dominion, undoubtedly prodnces in the depth of His wisdom those great events which astonish the universe, and of which the most presumptuous, though in- strumental in accomplishing them, dare not attribute to themselves the merit Bnt the finger of God is still more peculiarly evident in that hap- py, that glorious revolution, which calls forth this day's festivity. He hath struck the oppressors of a peo- ple free and peaceable with the spirit of delusion which enders the wicked artificers of their own brethern, citi- zens of the United States, to address you on this occasion. It is that God, that all-powerful God who hath di- rected your steps, when you knew not where to apply for counsel who when you were without arms, fought for you with the sword of Justice; who, when yon were in adversity, poured into pour hearts the spirit of courage, of wisdom and of forti- tude, and who hath at length raised tip for your support a youthful sov- ereign, whose virtues bless and adorn a sensible, a faithful and generous na- tion. This nation has blended her iu- terests, and her sentiments with yours. She participates in all your joys, and this day unites her voices to yours, at the foot of the altars of the Eternal God, to celebrate that glorious revolution, which has placed the sons of America among the free and independent nations of the earth. "We have nothing now to appre- hend but the anger of Heaven, or that the measnre of or guilt should ex- ceed His mercy. Let us, then, pros- trate ourselves at the feet of the em- pires in His hands and raises them up at His pleasure, or breaks them down to dust. Let us conjure him to enlighten our enemies, and to dis- pose their hearts to enjoy that tran- quility and happiness which the rev- olution we now celebrate has estab- lished for a great part of the human race. Let us implore him to conduct us by that way which His Providence has marked out for a union with so desirahle an end. Let us offer unto Him hearts imbued with sentiments of respect, consecrated by religion, by humanity, and by patriotism. Never is the august ministry of His altars more acceptable to His Divine Majesty than when it lays at His feet homages, offerings and vows so pure, so worth the common parent of mankind. God will not reject our joy, for He is the author of it; nor will He reject our prayers, for they ask but the full accomplishment of the decrees He hath manifested. Filled with the spirit, let us, in concert with each other, raise our hearts to the Eternal. Let us implore His infinite mercy to be pleased to inspire the rulers of both nations with the wis- dom and force necessary to perfect what hath begun. Let us, in a word, unite our voices to beseech Him to dispense His blessings upon the coun- cils and the arms of the allies, and that we may soon enjoy the sweets of a peace which will cement the un- ion, and establsh thi prosperity of the two empires. It is with the view that we shall cause that canticle to be performed which the custom of the Catholic Church hath consecrated to at once a testimonial of public joy, a thanksgiving for benefits received from Heaven, and a prayer for the continuance of its mercies." COST OF LIVING. The cost of living is the ever-pres- question. Our Department of Agri- ent and ever-increasingly vexatious ulture is wrestling with this sub- Upon the wiles of the retailers in satisfactory solution of the problem. ject, but is unable, as yet, to give any trade the bui'den of blame seems at present to he placed. The manipu- lations and tricks of trade certainly "passeth all undertsanding." A correspondent said recently, "My prohlena has become one of how to provide, rather than how to cook, the food for a family of six people." This statement, we fear, holds true in far to nlany cases. We cannot see how the aevrage family of small income can possibly provide, at present prices the very necessessaries of life and at the same time safeguard health, to say nothing of making tile least pro- vision for the future. The cost of living is a matter of :,ure economy in its treatment the na- tions are all brought face to face with the same distractions. Economics has to do with arnnes, navies, pensions, tariffs, etc., and as long as we advo- cate and support these abnormal ac- cessnries of government, we rest pay for thenl. For a lifetime Franklin was stead- fastly teaching the advantages of both private and public thrift and econo- my, and the practiced most success- fuly what he taught. Let us once more take counsel of the precepts and practices of Franklin. and hope for better things. As for the present excess in the cost of living, will some one suggest where and how relief can be found, unless we reform both or public and private cnstonls and hab- its of living?Wetsern Watchman. Give a cahn, quiet attention to those things assigned to your care by Providence, and be sure that you can accomplish a great deal more by quiet, thoughtful work, done as in God's sight, than by all the busy eagerness and over activity of your restless nature.Fenelon. THE VISITATION. On July 2, the Church recalls that mysterious event in the life of our Blessed Lady when, with the cer- tainty of her divine motherhood she hastened to commnnicate the good news to her cousin St. Elizabeth. Mary, having learned from the Arch- angel that Elizabeth was about to be a mother, is preoccupied with the need of her presence in the house of her cousin she therefore, starts at ance on her journey across the moun- tains, amidst which stands the house of Zachary. Mary had just contract- ed the hlggest union with God; and our imagination might perhaps be in- clined to picture her, as it were, in a state of powerlessness, lost in ecstaey during those days in which the Word, beconfing incarnate, was inundating her whole being with the floods of His Divinity. The Gospel is explicit on the sub- iect, telling us that in those days the humble Virgin, hitherto quietly hid- den in the secret of the Lord's face, rose up to devote herself to the bodily as well as the spiritual needs of a neighbor. It is the Feast, moreover, which re- cords that inspired hymn of the Blessed Virgin, the beauty of which has captured the hearts of the faithful from the beginning. The Magnifi- cat is peculiarly Canticle of Mary, recording the glory of her election because of her hunfility. It has been made the theme o'f song and story. Almost every great church composer has worked often and zealously upon it. Palestrina gave to it ten of his best efforts. There are fifty settings of it by Orlando di Lassco in the Royal Libarary of Munich, and tra- dition credits him with twice as many more. In our days Caesar Franck is said to hae composed sixty-three set- tings upon that sacred theme. 1n ad- dition, the modern Cecilian school has done much work on the Magnifcat, both as a separate canticle, and as a part of Vespers. Even in Anglican services the Magnificat receives a musical setting, but not at all so elab- orate and beautiful as that of the ame canticle in the Catholic Ves- Visitation is ever full of imagery and pers. To the mystic the picture of the respiration. The house in the moun- tains, the aged Jewish priest and his saintly wife the young Virgin with the flush of her innocence rendered infinitely hrilliant by the Divine Pres- ence within her, and the beautiful ed in the Gospelall tell of a scene words of greeting and prayer record- forth now and then in the earthly life gleams of the Divinity which burst more than earthly, one of those of Our Lord.The Pilot. A JOB FOR COL. ROOSEVELT. Under the caption, "Unite," the Outlook deplores the needless ex- pense and disadantages arising from numerous denonfinational churches m a neighborhood where one could and should accommodate all. "In many an American village of two thonsand population," it says, "are fottr Protestant Churches, a Meth- odist, a Baptist, a Congregationalist, an Episcopalian with four ministers with small work. Put them together, Make one church a spiritual meeting phtce, for all the spiritual forces of the town. Select one man to be their spiritual leader." Why not? This is an age of com- binations. .Capital and vested inter- ests can unite, why not the denomina- tions also? Are there no Carnegies and Morgans in the religious world to gather together the divergent opin- ions and differing doctrines and fornt oue sweeping trust that will banish or starve out all who refuse the mer- ger's blessings. But the leader called for by the Outlook must be a versatile wonder. He must abhor dancing with the Bap- tists and indulge a little the gayer Episcopalians. He nlust be one whose opinions will be broad enough for alI and narrow enough for each. He must he nimhle, agile, supple, elastic and lie must be all that in body, mind and soul. And lie must be a hero or lose his job. We believe there is but one in this broad land who can fill the bill, and the Outlook knows who that one is Providence Visitor. At the Mother House of the Sisters of St. Joseph, of the Diocese of De- troit, Nazareth, Kalamazoo County, Michigan, at the class of the annual Retreat which was conducted by the Rev. Father George, C. PP. S., s/x Sisters took their First Vows; thirty their annual Vows and eight made their Solenm Profession. In all forty- four young ladies consecrated them- seles to the service of God and neigh- bor for trine and eternity,