Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
July 6, 1945     Arkansas Catholic
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July 6, 1945

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THE GUARDIAN OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE CATHOLIC DIOCESE OF I.JTTI ROCK PUBLISHED WEEKLY By THE GUARDIAN IRES& Inc. 30QVm WE.ST SECOND $TIRT Entered as second-eros mtter Msrh IL 1011. M the Det o/fJ M Little Rock. Arkanus. under the &0t of mrroJ o Msah 8, 1ST0. liURSORIP'rION IRIGU; $|.00 th, year OFFICIAL DIOCE OIR4Uq The Gumrdta8 |s the offict otlsm d tim Dioeooe oJ UttJm Reek mind I lmy God that it my be am earmcst eomptom of tim emum of rlsl $m$$ emd truth rand an ardent defender of the rollsIou vo an love so I extsnd to it my bloHlnS wttt the adme.4 hope tkst tie esrue' mmF he amd gomrous. JOHN n. ldORRLL BIobop of IAaJo RodL | EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMA8 L. ElgANT, Pig D. MAHAGI EDITOR  BU$1Nr$ MANAGER All ommunications about The Guardtmn. bus,nero sad edttoetmJ, should be handled throulh VERY REV. MSGR. THOMAS J. PRENDERGAkST 309t/| West ld Stre' Tpho, nll 64MMJ All oticles and news Hem Jntnded for puhl/csUon sheudd rock The Gu'dian office not biter than Mondmy at uon. Sf@noJ:m o| p4w mtd mJtttnS copy for publict|on le nece3sm'F ha nlJ Jstancem. 9PON$OL OF SERVICE Pictut Smrvice--hrhte of Columbus of Arksam Blythevflle-Oseeole Counoit No. 2867 for 1944 end 1946 ................... $24.0Q LitIv Rook OotmclL No. 812 for 1044 ami 1946 _ $gL0 Parmould COuncil. No. 1118 Fort Smith CotmEql. No. 996 Poe,.qhon.ts Ooundl ,N. '440 Texarkon Council No. 2G$I Stuttrt-Slovoctown CuiLNo. 2180 $12,00 Jonesboro Oouull. No. 1'9 Helene O, ouncil No. 1719 Pine Blu Council N II8 JULY 6, 1945 i , , , a, ; IMPRISONMENT IS PUNISHMENT From various sections of the country come stories of prison revolts. These stories have caused serious criticism of prison methods and the way that convicts are handled by those in charge of penal institutions. There can be no doubt that some of the adverse criticism is warranted. Over crowding of prisons, the idleness of convicts, to which prison unrest is ascribed, quite naturally would provoke revolts. But this does not tell the whole story. In one state penite.tiary a revolt was threatened because of changes in the parole laws. To prevent a riot among the convicts the prison officials called several hundred of them to- gether and promised to intercede with the Governor to obtain concession in respect to a decision of the Supreme Court in the matter of paroles. We believe that this was an act of weakness on the part of the prison officials. It did not conduce to a wholesome respect for law which convicts more than any other persons should be taught. We recognize that persons con- victed of crime have some rights. These rights are only the ordinary human rights and the law gives these rights to con- victs. The convict has no right to complain of restraint on his liberty and strict prison discipline. Every effort should be made to reform convicted criminals that on their release from prison they may be good citizens. The primary purpose of imprisonment is punishment of the criminal. He is paying society a debt which he owes for his crime. The convict is not in prison for his own good but for the good of society. The most valuable reform lesson that can be taught the criminal is that his crime will be followed by swift and sure punishment. The parole of convicts is not a matter of right. It is an act of grace on the part of the state" and implies that the criminal has reformed but must prove by his conduct that he has become a good citizen. Convicts have no just grounds for complaint when the legislature or the courts change or modify parole laws. The parole system has proven effective for good even though there have been notorious abuses. The state has a right to abate these abuses even though it should mean the repeal of all parole laws. When the state punishes a criminal it is not a question of vindication but of protecting itself and its law-abiding citi- zens. Let us have needed prison reforms, but let us not for- get that prisons are for criminals who are in prison.,/ because their free choice has made them criminals. While convicts should be treated as human beings and not submitted to cruelty, they should not be coddled by sentimentalism which would cease to make imprisonment a punishment for crime.Indiana Catholic Record. RUSSIA'S LONE PRIEST The threatened trial by a Soviet court of the Rev. Leopold Braun, A.A., American priest presently in Moscow, remains in a state of postponement and there is no indication at this time when it will be held, it was said at _the State Department in Washington. Father Braun appeared in a Russian.court on May 18 to ,answer charges of assault on a Russian workman in the French embassy in Moscowan accusation which he denies but was told that because of the illness of the Soviet magistrate his "hearing had been postponed, the State Department said. A -representative of the American embassy was present in the ,court and there is every indication here that this government is following the matter with close attention. It was said that Father Braun admits having had a verbal conflict with the RusSian plaintiff, bttt denies completely that ] ,, there was any questmn of "assault and battery, as alleged in the charge brought against him. Some observers here see in the Soviet move an attempt to remove Fher Braun 'from Moscow, where he is the only Catholic priest permitted to ex- ercise his sacerdotal office. Father Braun went to Russia in 1934 with the then American Ambassador William C. Bullitt. The United States had just recognized Russia, which in return guaranteed religious freedom to American nationals in Russia, and President Roosevelt had insisted upon some tangible proof. The American priest has been saying Mass in the old French church of St. Louis des Franeais and has been living in the French embassy in Moseow.The Catholic Messenger. TRUSTEESHIP FOR PALESTINE I [ii Any future plan for Palestine ,must recognize the fact that Land, and "any post-war settlement that ignores this. is unjust and sure to crumble," writes the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Thomas J. McMahon, secretary of the Catholk: Near East Welfare associa- tion, in the June issue of The Sign. "These shrines are ours. Ours they should remain," Monsignor McMahon says in his article, entitled "Threat to the Holy Places." Charging the United Nations with court- ing the Arabs, "not only because their support was valuable in the critical days of the European struggle' but also because in their lands there is much of the precious flowing gold, oil," Monsignor McMahon sees only dangers in all plans hitherto presented, and he urges an international trusteeship, because Palestine, sacred to Christians. Arabs and Jews, is international, in fact supernutional. "Any plan that does not regard Christian claims in their entirety is nugatory," he declares, adding that "before it is too late, Christians the world over should raise their voices in a united demand that the homeland of Jesus be kept sacred and inviolable.The C_.atholic Messenger. A DESIRABLE PARTNERSHIP A capital partnership contract by which the worker will share in some way in the ownership, management and the prof- its of industry, is suggested by the moral law, the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen of the Catholic University of America declared. "Capitalists and Labor leaders may say this is too im- practicalr' said Monsignor Sheen. "It is a dream l But it is a beautiful dream---a dream of u rew America." Mankind has become so accustomed to emphasizing prop- erty rights that "we have completely ignored the fact that God made this world for all men," said Monsignor Sheen. "The moral law suggests a partnership contract between capital and labor to such an extent that the worker shares in some way in the ownership, management, and therefore profits of industry," said Monsignor Sheen. "The partnership involves three things: "First, the right of employees to participate in the manage- ment of the industry; for example, by having one or more of their members represent them o the board of directors. "Second, the right of employees to share in the ownership of industry, through for example, special labor shares which should not be subject to market fluctuation of capital shares, and which should give them the right to vote on the distribu- tion of dividends. "Third, the right of employes to share in the profits of in- dustry over and above a just wage, since they did more'to create those profits than the money-lender with his stock certi- ficate. The profits to be distributed must not be merely profits left "after a fat dividend has been declared to stock-holders. They should be the profits over and above an amount agreed upon by Capital and Labor as a minimum, and not those set arbitrarily by Capital alone. "The advantages of this co-partnership are many TM. If Capital wants Labor to become interested in its work, it ought to give Labor some capital to defend. "Finally, as far as both CapitM and Labor are concerned, it will mean they will cease seeing how much each can get out of the other, but how much both can get out of common enter- prise, thus creating a true industrial democracy. We will never have complete democracy in this country until we extend its blessings from politics to economics." Such a partnership, Monsignor Sheen said, has been' op- posed by Capital, which has refused to allow workers to share in the management of business and its profits, and by short- sighted labor leaders who have feared that if workers receive such profits, they may become more attached to the employ- ers than to the labJr leaders. "Either we will diffuse ownership of private property or we will destroy freedom," said Monsignor Sheen, "for the abo- lition of private property is the beginning of slavery."The Catholic Messenger. , QUESTIC?00,r 30X N I .ms mad OOMPWtat:s lxmU:tl)PotlrvSs. ? quto:tl: How Can A Spiritual S00ul Be Burned In Purgatory Or In Itell? The Cathgllc Church teaches that both body and soul of those who are lost will be punished in Hell and the souls of those who die without having done penance for their sins even though they did repent will go to Purgatory. It is also the common opinion of theo- logians that there is real fire in both Hell and Purgatory. This doc- trine is based on many texts of the Scripture where our Lord in parable and in direct words says I ........ that the wicked will be burned, sariiy oe atrmuted to God, elmer We have as example this text: "If [immcdiately or throughHis agents thine eye scandalize thee, pluck it scan never e perormeu except in out. It is better for thee with one / uemonsration of a truth revealed eye to enter into the kingdom of I bY God. Therefore they can heaven than having two eyes to be I never De work e(1. in the spread cast into the hell of fire: where the / oz a false teacning. St. Thomas, worm dieth not and the flame is, the Angelic Teacher of the not extinguished." We do not un- Church,. gives us the reason for derstand how it is possible for fire this when he declares that if a to affect a spiritual substance such true miracle were perzormea in as if the soul. For this reason the favor of error, God Himself, Church has not defined the preeise I would be responsible for the de- nature of the fire of Purgatory or peeps!on oz men, winch it is ,m- Hell. We know that there is such possmLe m conceive. fire just as we are certain that a [ s . , spiritual substance cannot be af- / What is meant by the ilel fected by material flame, but we [stairs in Rome? also are certain that nothing is / You have reference to the Scala nara or impossible with God ann Sancta which bein translated that He will be able to create, or [from t'he Latir meas the Holy has created, a fire which will af- /Stairs The Scala Sancta is a fect spiritual souls.  /flight'of 28 marble steps from the " " " [house of Pilate at Jerusalem which Who Was Cain's Wife? Our Lord ascended. This sacred It is a shame we cannot call i stairway was brought to Rome in Heaven on long distance and ask 326 by St. Helena. God or His saints these things.. ountless numbers of pilgrims The Bible does not tell us her o the Eternal City as an act of name. Read Genesis, chapters four penance, and out of deep love for and five. Adam lived 930 years meir aviour,. ascend these stairs and had many sons and daughters on thew knees. "and he begot sons and daugh- * * * ters." Sure brothers married sis- Can A Protestant minister who ters. Genesis does not give all is married become a Catholic. dl- their names. We do not need to vorce his wife and become a know. It is not necessary to know the names of all Adam's children, or even the name of Cain's wife, in order to save our souls. In peopling the world, God, Who is the Author of life and the laws of life, suits His laws to circum- stances. (-,Tater when the popula- tion had increased, Almighty God changed His laws by restricting nmrriages between close blood re- lations, which laws hold today. Please explain the words in the Gospel: "And the Pasch being over Jesus remained in the temple and his parents knew it not." I am at a loss to understand how this could itappen, unknown to them. Tills is most easily explained when we take into consideration the customs existing at that time. The men and women left Jeru- salem by different gates and traveled in various groups or companies until they reached the end of the first stage of their journey, an inn or camp or some other appointed spot. The chil- dren were not bound by this law of sex, hence were free to go either with the father or tim moth- er. The Vwgin Mother, therefore, supposed the Child Jesus to be with St. Joseph and he believed the Boy to be with. her. It was only after they had met again that they knew of His absence which led to the anxious and diligent search and the subse- quent finding in the Temple. Will you kindly state through your Question Box if anyone out- side the Catholic Church can per- form miracles, such as those worked at Lourdes or by Catholic saints? Catholic theologians teach that ",'e miracles which must neces- priest? He could become a Catholic but that doesn't change his marriage status. If he is married, then di- vorce will not unmarry him. Is there an indulgence attached to the prayer recited after Mass? By a decree issued in 1934, the prayers after Low Mass are en- riched with an indulgence of 10 years, for each recitation. The faithful should therefore remain until these prayers are completed and take advantage of their spir- itual benefits. A friend tells me tlmt a minister of the Church of England can con- secrate the host. Is this true? No, it is not true because Or- ders in the Church of England llave no validity. What is meant by a Papal Brief? It is a form of Papal letter signed by the Secretary of Briefs and sealed with the Ring of the Fisherman. Is Roger a saint's name? Yes. He lived in Normandy in the sixth century. Can a Greek Orthodox priest lawfully administer" the Last Rites to a Catholic who Is In danger of death and cannot receive the Sacraments from a Roman Cath- olic priest? In danger of death where no Roman Catholic priest is avail- able the sick man may lawfully receive all the Last Sacraments from a Greek Orthodox priest. Apart from this case of extreme necessity, Catholics are not allow- ed to receive any Sacraments at schismatical. Rural Catholic00 Commiti0000 Sout by " Rev. Anthony We take great pride[ x.l  cans in the Consti .  United States which  [, up by our forefather.s/ni\\; t.s.// in our actions to a t.J f'7Ah 1 ful life.. In it we z'e'C', l( I I\\;\rl "equality, justice and--]' / all." Equality is a.,vjk --:[I ant and essential __TI II life for without ecluau.  ___,d-[ I fer hardships and ri[ which make life ve unpleasant and disa _  . haps the reason whY, -g% many difficulties, so [h b'Lg- ship and such an upl..  / rural life is because,l(. - g),/ATI I inequalities. There _ l.:dk:..l/ I quality o income. NO\\;O.],= forth a real good re,ll%..g..N ,qU great difference inmdl#]lA tween the farmer anew  I    triial worker. Considih]' -'ll Il wages which are pai  .7.1 [I plant workers and. ll I ] ['ll with the ceiling pricql \\;'h'7""x'" I I beenput on some f/" ", ] ] I which 1" the farmer bri I having expended muCwL expense in doing so.  is as essential as th.j| I II'P_I. worker. His product  LIP l, ant for carrying on ,,^. 00mmunition. is then, that the farI: ring on an equal basis as come is concerned. The farmer is pa. for his inequal'ity. If- ers belonged to a g00 ganization much of  from which they suff done away. with. Fa times are for the inequality come suffers. Farm a high price until comes in. The ting and lowering til they receive a amount for the effort that they have pul work. This is where there is a lacl tmn. The farmers better themselves down this inec tl-ey would get The inequality in tions is greatly a inequality in farmer's income Join the would have more with thd antS, the items that standard of living. ' ing of the star ' Lad3 witha ;i purchasing : Our rain modern equip ! be an easier matter GII (' young boys and girls -UTDO0] who would keep our a firmer and stronge[( Because of the gre?'ll Every S work ta be done on tl:d-- is also the inequaliL, ,,Pratt_ J for tieR. The farm boY . from page 4)[ g about equ to rural life btl done. Certain ev fairs afford a ce but th the city folks the country tOWn. These a: outside of the 1 !atfair would have al touch and the' cl come out and folks for a change g in rural life sic attractive as pos: should be. mad sroportion so that ? Young boys and L their paradise in w that it can be the country. rl.l GIRLS dqE PLANNING - ....  ] A PARTY FOR SOME orrccs/I/'N,T THAT NI(. 5TATIOblED NEAi HEI, &( ....... " ILL UE GLADTO VIRfiiN,A. AND I' ,ORE THV)?i;Lp THE AE PI.EA;ED Yoo co,coS/ r, x attracted to the cit],il: because of the Kind @][ Him to ' whiCU offersVnd diversionthem. This *l Our Lady ot recreation is to a agtrtsllh_ sponsible for the the hands of a priest who, though city. It would reCl qLl,y Masses validly ordained, is nevertheless leadership and a grea'  !Se___e RU_ for tt    , : Tang IT efsY VIR(IINIq,'I'AKE " ra ..... .N . v e vU/ JUI'YI mT CAsY.W00 HAWNG A T ,00N'T ') qblP WELL XY TO (;e'l"  ( NECE;$A'/1 &cA00 o00owuP, sue.//HAeev?) (00ou'tt SEE TI-IAT MUST BE HAPRY.).WHO iS ./ .._...-.,r=r l % )AFeIY,I'D til TO INTRODUCEYI'/Y) 'Ut.j/"AeP l& PELIGHTeD, COL, DEE, JUPY SSIP i55 VIIGINIA PUNNING.THIS IS//OELIGHTEO,1J,. SHE Wt$/RIAH6 IN6/:1 FO[ ME ,VI/GINi.fl'-'-/ ( MI PUNNINg, BUT I HAD NO IDEA I, EMPF suspense and ption Christian rule. bsed o, . Cloth, $. Pal Order from ),our Neme Address- City