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Litlte Rock, Arkansas
July 6, 1945     Arkansas Catholic
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July 6, 1945

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}I0: portraying f a a great :ans Nationa l Mrs. Jame ers and rrio ,n was made (NC PhotO ed Milan I By People 1 n City. (E)i nations ha conhpletion k at the Cat [ilan, which or, it is ann0 ;ostino Ge Permit For l Addition akee. (I)/ :ruction of a Lony's Hasp[ 2apuchin F of St. JoseJ here. TI rill cost will add fa Heart of JI ndulgence ay.) )RRI00 of England's cam- has called of England to faith.'" This appeal admission con- status of England. While is interested in a to the Chris- it is doubtful moans business England and other nations need Is true Church which by Christ. These that call have away from" the succeeding genera- tries to adjust its to the prevailing It requires very for anyone to rei/gion that ean God for its Au- have teachings with the God is the Author man, who nses may under- God does not con- And so any re- principles right reason can religion. The had its origin will of a King, his real marriage enter one that the |e. Because the Ca- |could not sanction enry VIII, he defied d set up a religiofi his Church finally [shed as the Church td has for Its head Read of the lawful gt. Peter. Of course ike many others lays g Christian, but a 0f history will show hlquirer how empty is. The Church Christ is the Cath- md the only Chris- in the heretical [ned in some of the achings that they bin. If England is Christianity it means lbers of the Church Ust come back to the tes, the fact has been Ibis column that, in too much attention Ii1 to the bodies of not enough to their health is the watch- b present generation the cradle to the rder to prove that aynn's pipe dream, quotation from the Journal of Medicine In it Dr. Harry luaus current pedia't- "We assail them l) with vitamins, feeding times and I feeding them, car- feet, unbend their and condemn them forcing them to es in their mouths," Rates. "We believe to earn our guinea, something, when service we could be to pocket the alone," Dr. Bak- " in the present and pray- medicine, even is patent or He says eager to Just[- is rarely content of a child, who ealth examination, no defects that This medl- to be too hard in the profession. can blame the Suppose tell the parents the would be would not be- Child ts not in need consequently, he advice else- R:LTON finds some doctor, something wrong The honest doctor Ib himself from neu- tnd from patients ell, .0. being ill at any resent shortage of ColvI IIttses for the civil- COuld be alleviated ICE OF bJl ' had to attend only or We I Volume XXXIV L:I ,I_ ORGAN OF THE DIOCESE OF / LFVFLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, JULY 6, IS CONTAGIOUS Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. 'supreme commander of the Allied Armies. finally meets Mrs. Mary A. McKeogh, of whom he had heard so much from her son, Master Sgt. Michael J. (Mickeyl Keogh (left), his chauffeur and orderly since 1941: The meeting took place in New York where the general received the city's most stirring re- ception. The McKeoghs, who have given five brothers to the service, are membera of Our LadY of Sorrow parish, Corona, N. X. Photo by Pfc. George Bar[. (NC Photos) - Grateful LITTLE ROCK 1945 Bishops' Recommendations Reflected In Peace Charter For Papal Relief Vatican City. 00(Radio).--En- thusiastic and impressive demon- strations of devotion and gratitude to His Holiness Pope Pius XII everywhere greeted the Vatican Mission sent by the Holy Father to render every possible aid to those millions of former internees in Austria and southern Germany who are awaiting repatriation al- ter yelirs of confinement under miserable conditions. This was the report brought back by the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Walter IS. CarroLl, an American priest at- tached to the Vatican Secretariate !of State, who was charged with the organization and direction of this Papal relief work. A motor- cade of ambulances and trucks laden with supplies set out from Milan a fortnight ago, and now Monsignor Carroll has returned here for a brief visit to report on the progress of the work..He was accompanied by the Rev. Martin T. Gilligan, a priest of the Arch- diocese of Cincinnati presently on duty at the Vatican, and Mon- signor Marie Brini of the PaPa 1 Secretariate of State, both of whom have been assisting Mon- signor Carroll on the expedition. It is expected that Monsignor Car- roll and Father Gill[gun will re- turn to Germany within three or four days. Scores of Camps Visited Papal relief ah'eady has reach- ed the needy in scores of internee camps in Austria and South Ger- many, Monsignor Carroll said upon his return to Rome. He ad- ded that the Papal relief mission has established three principal bases of operations--at Munich and Ulm in southern Germany and at Linz in Austria--and that the distribution of relief was pro- ceeding out from these central places. Teams composed of priests, doctors and lay assistants tour the various camps adjacent to the cen- ters of operation. In every camp, the welcome ac- corded the members of the Papal relief mission was deeply en- thusiastic and was accompanied by spontaneous expressions of gratitude for this further evidence of the interest of the Holy Father in the fate of his spiritual chil- dren who have suffered so much. Aid Brought To All Monsignor CarroLl stressed the fact that the Papal relief mission s universal in scope and not limit- ed to any nationality or the mem- bers of any group. Particular interest is being shown, however, he said, to those whosefate is most uncertain. For example, the American priest added, special at- tention is being given to a camp just north of Munich where some 3,000 Poles are now aecomodated, mong them about 450 priests. Work To Be Expanded By the Rev. E. A. Conway, S. J.. ..(Staff Correspondent, N.C.W.C... News Service) San Francisco.--To what extent was the United Nations Confer- ence on International Organization influenced by the Papal peace program as applied by the Ameri- can Bishops in their widely pub- licized commentaries on the Dum- barton Oaks Proposals? The question thus formulated is difficult, if not impossible, to ans- wer. The Charter here has re- sulted from the. confluence of many streams of thought, among them, no doubt, that which flows in the broad and deep bed of Ca- tholic tradition. The truth of the matter is that credit for the hun- dreds of liberalizing charges which have transformed the Dumbarton Oaks Proposals must be appor- tioned among many nations and groups represented at San Fran- cisco. However, when the score is tal- lied, the fact remains that nine of the ten major points made by tle American Bishops--points which, it may be supposed, faithfully mir- ror the thought of the Holy Fa- ther in these matters--have been wholly or partly satisfied in the finished Charter. This fact is established and on record. On such questions as need of organ- ization, membership, international law, Assembly powers, peaceful change, economic cooperation, trusteeship system, human rights and the world court the Charter 2a. tholic Schools Ehm00nate Fed Aid Bishops' Contribution Spea-erk mu00h the fact that the qeea, Says American Catholic Bishops made definite recommendations on these questions influenced their adop- tion at San Francisco is hard to Monsignor Carroll, upon his re- turn to Germany, will hegin at once the expansion of the Vat[- con's work in favor of the inter- nees. It is planned, with the co- operation of the Allied authorities, to arrange for regular and fre- quent convoys from Italy under Vatican auspices to carry needed supplies to the internees. It may be several months before the re- patriation of all those desirous of returning to their homes can be affected, Monsignor Carroll said. Describes Pitiable Sight Monsignor Carroll added that all the former internees present a pitiable sight. All betray the suf- ferings to which they have been subjected, he said. Their bodies are worn and tired. How many of them have perished in captiv- Representative Fernandez also told the Committee', that if it were not for the Catholic schools there, the State of NewlMexico would require a large grlnt of Federal aid. He said Committee members should remember that the parents of Catholic children are bearing the full expense of Catholi edu- cation in the State with one ex- ception; namely, that New Mexico makes textbooks available for all children, regardless of the schools they attend. This testimony was given at hearings the Committee is holding on a House Bill (1296), which seeks Federal aid to public educa- tion in the States and Territories, and specifically provides that such aid shall not go to non-public in- stitutions of learning. Attack On Church Despite the character o the legislation before the Committee, Congressmen sitting on these hearings were obliged this week to reprimand a witness who grat- meets or approaches the recom- mendations of the Bishops, it is, however, unsatisfactory, on the veto power. gauge. The great contribution of the American Hierarchy consist- ed in the application of the peace principles pronounced by the Holy Father to the Dumbarton Oaks Proposals by way of preparing the minds of" our policy-makers and of our people for the final con- stitutional convention at San Francisco. Catholic thinking was brought to bear upon the problem of or- ganizing the peace shortly after the publication of the Dumbarton Oaks Proposals, when the Ameri- can Bishops on November 16, 1944, issued their statement "On Inter- national Order," in which they commented obliquely upon those proposals. Ten days before the opening of the San Francisco Con- ference on April 25, 1945, they is- shed a second statement, "On Or- ganizing World Peace," in which they reaffirmed 'and further in- terpreted the principles of the first statement, applying them specifi- cally to the Dumbarton draft and making definite recommendations for its improvement. Washington. (10-- Representa- tive Antonio M. Fernandez of New Mexico told the House Committee on Education this week that his State can struggle along at present without Federal aid to its edu- cational system, mainly because Catholic schools there are taking care of a large number of chil- dren. D National ()ff'cer To 'isil, Diocese Little Rock.Miss Beatrice M. Hoffman, National Junior Director of the Catholic Daughters of America, will be in Little Rock Saturday and Sunday, July 14 and 15, to conduct an abridged Lead- ership Institute for the Counselors of the Junior Catholic Daughters of America. The first National Officer to come to the Diocese in some time, Miss Hoffman's visit is looked for- ward to with interest. The pur- pose of the visit is to find out how the Junior Catholic Daughters can The two statements were later published in a leaflet "The Bishops Speak Out On World Peace," which received nation-wide cir- culation and as distributed among the delegates and their ad- visers at San Francisco. Reflected Papal Principles It was generally recognized at the time that the two statements applied to the concrete Dumbar- ton Proposals those general prin- ciples of a just world order which the Holy Father had elaborated in six Christmas allocutions and oth- er messages into a compplete blueprint for the future. That program, the most complete and far-reaching of any proposed for the guidance of modern men in search of a world at peace, became several years ago the basis for a nation-wide educational campaign conducted by the Bishop's Com- mittee on the Pope's Peace Plan, uitously attacked the Catholic Church. Ben Marsh, Executive Secretary of the People's Lobby, aptearing before the Committee, said that "Federal aid should be exclusively for tax supported schools." He said that "it may be that spokesmen who advocate Fed- eral aid for parochial schools and yet fight the legislation that would grant it to children in impoverish- ed rural areas, are just representa- tives ot the Vatican." Representative Augustine B. Kelley of Pennsylvania interposed an objection to this statement, and Representative Eugene J. Keough ! of New York reminded Mr. Marsh to confine himself to a discussion of the pending bill. Representa- tive Robert Ramspeck of Georgia, I author of the bill, spoke up to say "there is nothing in the bill that relates to anything except the public schools," and that "I do not appprove of any attack on any- body's religion." Mr. Marsh insisted on returning to the theme that the Catholic Church is a sinister influence that has killed Federal aid measures in the past. He strongly criticised President William Green of the American Federation of Labor, and President Philip Murray of the Congress of Industrial Organ- izations, for not answering a ques- tion which members of the Peo- ple's Lobby put to them in letters. The question was "Should Federal aid be confined to tax-supported schools?" Asks Aid To All President Frank P. Graham of [he University of North Carolina told the Committee that while he was speaking in behalf of Fed- eral aid to education in a South- ern State, a heckler in the crowd said: "If the Federal Government grants money to the State of New 'York, under its new constitution it may use that money for the transportation of Catholic school children. Therefore, I am opposed to Federal aid to education." Dr. Graham remarked on the unreasonableness of this attitude. He told the Committee that, if the State of New York wanted to make transportation available for See SCHOOLS on page 8 THEY GAVE .Ctually need their ity for want of food, clothing and v.,......" "-II$ 41e hypochondriacs medical care it is not yet pos- "-7-.I..,,,;.,,i ,..,, the parents and are doomed to die Others, thou h laaaaaa" 'ql g m I --- -- ,- 0Htles would leave pale and weak, are responding to I I, _. , Me  _ _, good food and hygiene and the I-,lal.irlll Ilk ll ,,,. ,,v. make . . . i t'(, 'ther ' received most cordially by th s I "'" "" .  American authorities of camps coo erate and fit into the Youth It2 1 = of the year, most which it visited, Monsignor Car- roPr of the Diocese ' rol " -- s -,,, . I ....... _t) catlon. It Is a thll itad.lo2eera/lYLithose e A program has been planned as I nese uays OZ " g follows" L*r"P o,. taxi q Saturday, July 14th, at 12:30, a v  - |_%e._,rg are..gomg to ..... e t uon o luncheon meeting at the USO- | r '1;;" vacauon and anYsOnneSoec.U*?man*e human NCCS Club, 112 E. 7th Street for : u ] ny laKlng g. 1 y, e aaea. Tne " h" " "' h . . the Jumors. T s meeting will be L, #1) this intention was rebuilding of these human beings attended by as many Juniors of IUlln#"lllh ae feelln which in accordance with the plan of , ;,,  . -,e s ....  ......... k and Pine Bluff as I W "t e are, that during .er .Creator IS the greatest need, possible. The State Junior Chair- I t%bveryone neeus a - signor t:arrol sam. man, local Counselors, and mem- II_g l. e, n" _ "z'nm zs --- bers of the Junior Council are r- Llega snoum no Fund Of $8-100 Raised iespecially invited. at many persons, , , ea .... Saturday evening at 6:30, a din- I F :4 , gaged in office By Hgh School For Mmsmns ner at the Albert Pike Hotel, at- L en vacation time Rochester. (E)--The sum of $8,- tended by State and local officers, =m--mt. * o some resor 100 has been raised for " and members of the clergy. The e their bodies to me mis- . ' " l I I I It00o _ sions b ....... dinner will be mforma. . I -- .,,-. , -,.., , .,,-,, y smaents oz Aquinas ln- c..-.., at 11 a m a meetin q the .......... . , o.,,u.v . .,  of I I "l]a severe burns stitute, Cathohc boys high school the State Officers at the Knights ! '* even prove fatal, here. This unprecedented amount of Columbus Hall 609 Scott L . ,,d. ke their victims was raised thr o Street ' . AdlJIL, ealte ,.___ ,_ I._ ugh home-room of- .. . I f.....,m *.u .u,= f,r;,,, , e ann ....... .. ,,___ Sunday aieernoon at 3:30, meez- I.. $ m e re nmmuer ,_ --:. . -:,,, v-=u u,:, ing of Our Lady of Perpetual Help IIW,,? reefs, WhO tKv me vnssmn ooxmg bouu% auu, Court, at the Knights of Columbus NO. 26 of which the Most Rev. Samuel A. Stritch, Archbishop of Chicago, is chairman, assisted by the Most Revs. James H. Ryan, Bishop of Omaha, and Aloisius J. Muench, Bishop of Fargo. Through their efforts and the efforts of scores of preachers, lec- turers and writers, such Papal principles as these are familiar to millions: (a) the present neces- sity of an international organiza- On Hoof of Faith Rev. John M. McCarthy, well. known member of the Chicago Archdiocesan Mission Band. who .will speak on the Hour of Faith produced by the National Courcil of Catholic Men in cooperation with the American Broadcasting amlanyon the Sunday of July. "(NC Photos. ) Picnic ..... Committees Announced Little Roek.--Many new fea- tures have been added to the Annual Orphans Dinner and Car- nival sponsored by Council No. 812, Knights of Columbus, at St. Joseph's Orphanage, North Little Rock, Sunday, July 8th. Members of the committee announce the opening of  cigarette booth, post office booth, largest raffle booth ever had before, bingo booth, complete doll booth, and fish pond booth in addition to the regular booths. Booths will open at 3 p.m., Sun- day, and will continue until 10 a.m., when the grand drawings and awards of prizes will be made. The post office booth will be under the direction of Mrs. Walter Koehler and Mrs. Leon Sepalli; the raffle booth, Joe McNeal, as- i sisted by Mrs. Leo J. Krebs, Miss Marion Kelleher and Miss Gladys Greenwood; cigarette booth, Joe Schwarz, Harry Snider, Ernst i Swope and Mrs. Edgar M. Huck. Cold drink and sandwich booth, Tom err, chairman, assisted by John B. Marre, Oscar Zaloudek, J. J. Wellman, John Taldo, Julia Pierpaoli, Elmer Gray, Lawrence Frederick, Jr., Steve Yanker, Al- bert Hamling; baseball booth, Pete Longinotti. Bingo will be directed by R. S. See PICNIC on page 8 400 YEARS TO tion to guarantee the loyal ful- fillment of the peace conditions, and in ease of recognized need to revise them; (b) endowment of this organization with power suf- ficient to smother in its very be- ghm.Jng any threat of isolated or collective aggression; (c) making use, if necessary, 0f economic sanctions and even armed inter- vention. Lessons of the Past While the Dumbarton Oaks con- ference was still in session, H Holiness expressed his intense tn-. terest in its work and recalled his 1939 appeal for the formation of a world organization, but repeated his warning that the new Ieagu.e should be based on the lessons learned from the experiences of ast failures. This new ,league, the Pope reminded, must recognize the right of all nations, great and small, powerful or weak, to life and indepenednce. It must also recognize the real needs :and iust demands Of nations and papilla- : tions and of racial minorities. It must liberate the nations from the slavery of armaments. The Holy Father called especial- ly for that spirit wlich alone can give life, authority and binding force to the dead letter of inter- national agreements: the spirit of justice which measures human statutes according to the law of God, and the spirit of universal love which is the compendium of the Christirn ideal. Mind of the Church The Holy Father asked for a juridical world order, based on recGgnition of the natural law and man's inalienable rights, and de- clared that the new order must be founded on recognition of the dignity and the value of the hu-: man person. In line with this" emphasis upon the need for recog- nition of the respect due to the human person, the Holy Father in hm 1941 allocution amplified his doctrine on the necessity of re- ordering international economic lif so that all nations should have the means of securing for their citizens an adequate standard of living. He warned that if, in the future peace, this point were not courageously dealt with, "there would remain in the relations be- tween peoples a deep and far- reaching root blossoming forth into bitter dissensions and burn- ing jealousies which would "lead eventually to new conflict." That the American Bishops faithfully interpreted the mind of the Church in their pro- i nouncements is evident from the high praise bestowed upon their statement "On Organizing World Peace" by L'Osservatore Ramona, the semi-official Vatican organ, which termed the statement a document of enlightened coher- ence "which cleaves to Papal teachings and the principles of democracy." * -v __ ....Co'rction " * Guardian Office.--Due to a * * mistake in The Guardian Of- * * rice the date of the Orphans * * Picnic and Carnival was giv- * * en as July 4th in last week's * * edition. This benefit span- * * sored by the Knights of Col- * * lumbus, Council No. 812, will * * be held Sunday, July 8th at * * the St. Joseph's Orphanage * * grounds. The public is in- * * vited. * ***************** Heads Catholic Women's League Montreal .()--Miss Ann Me- Master of Vancover was re-elect- ed president of the Catholic Wo- men's League of Canada at the twenty-fifth annual convention held here. The League has a membership of 50,000. RELIGIOUS LIFE The years devoted to religious service by these seven Sisters of Charity of Providence totals up ta 4(,J. Jubilee ceremonies, at which the Most Reverend Gerald Shaughnessy, S. M., Bishop of Seattle,- pontificated and preached, were held recently at Mount St. Vincent, Seattle. The Sisters are, left to right, Sister Anna Baker, who has been a Sister of Providence for 50 years; Sister Nicodemus, a golden Jubilarian; Mother Vincent Ferrier, celebrating her seventieth anniversary; Sister Mary Creso ence, a nuu 50 years; Sister Mary Conrad, aged 93, who Is observing her seventieth anniversary as a religious; Sister Mary Win[fred. completing 50 years in religion, and Sister Mary Blanchet, a ProvL- ' dence nun for 50 years. (NC Photos.)