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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
June 30, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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June 30, 1923

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i.,,:. ? ".4 PAGE TWO THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 30, 1923 Published Weekly by THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATTON SOCIETY tJ the l')iocese of Little Rock ,' 309 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911 at the postoffiee at Little Rock. Ark.: muter the Act of Congress of Matc, h 3, 187'). SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $.00 TIIE" YEAR CIIANGE OF AI.)I)RFSS When a change of a(ldrtiss is desired the sift)scriber should give both the old and the new address. CI)RRESI'ON I)ENCE Matter intended for pu))hcatiol'l ill The Gtlatdian shou],l reacl) us oot later than Wednesday nlol'ltltlg. Bri:l news corrcspontlence s al,vay8 w@|cOllle, The klllt']lleb of tt,e i:]eJgy in thi.g IlllLI.el IS cortl*ally appl,'- xated. REV. GEe, II. Mcl)ERMtYI"I. .................. Managiag Editor All coltlnlUtllCD_tloli$ about "'i' t;uartli*0.n" shotdd be at]dressed 'to tile Rev, Gee. H. M, cDcrmott. 307 \\;Vcsl :trcct. OFFICI. AJ'I'P.OVAI. "]'Le Guardlal i' the o{ficil organ el tile ])moose of I.ittle Rock, an] I pray God that it nlay be',n (:arllu:M C]lallipioi1 ill (lie cause ot right, u!itlce attd tttl.ll ;llld ,t [tl(]ul/l dentil(]el- oi tilt_  l'c[Iglol] w]lieh we ;1[] love so well l extend to it my blc,sing wita the sincere hope that its carc-er l|aty |)e loDg |lll [)tOSl)elolls. i*' jl)JIN IL MORRIS, 13ishop of Little Rock. LIT':" t .... IL,, ROCK, AEK., JUNE ,0, qg,, Sixth Sunday after Pentecost. The feast of the Most Precious Blood. .O-O Whosoever is eal'elul about little acl:s of virtue will value great ones with holiest reverence. ......................... 0-0 ................... . .... It iz going to he difficult to make our foreign friends Pussyfoot the international coast: line hnb. its. -0-/9 ............ The pt'opagtion of non-.communist views in all territory under Soviet domination is a crime which innnediately provokes a visitation of the Red terror. There has been in Russia since the beginning of communist autocracy a continuing recurrence of wave after wave of the most terrific and barbarous punizhment for the exercise o fundamental rights guaranteed by every democ- racy in the world and accepted by all civilized peo- ples as to the very elementals of civilized exist- ence. Among these are the right to speak freely, to assemble freely and to observe whatever reli- gion the individual may elect to observe. For the observations of these rights, whioh to Americans are matters of paramount importance and which are the essentials of free existence anywhere, the most violent punishment is inflicted by the fiend- ish Soviet dictatorship. All thi draws the re- sentment of the American Federation of Labor, and most justly so. Our legislature should take hoed. For the school boys and girls of todaY, Dr. Pay- son Smith, State Commissioner oi' Education in Massachusetts, has this to say : "They have more self-restraint ,and a finer view of life and its duties and obligations, and flits atti- tude has a material effect on their character." Asked if he believed pupils are "bolder and mare assertive than those of former generations," Dr. said: "You must remember the .boys and girls of to- day'are living in a different age. Modern condi- tions are affecting them just as they are affect- iff elders. Life' tody is more complex and this kas had the effect of sharpening the faculties of our youth. "The boy or girl who is timid is likely to fare badly, compared with the youngster who shows virility of thought and a desire for action." Some of our boys and girls need more the virili- ty'of thought and quick, desirable action on the part of their parents, When the children manifest that' keen edge for away fr6m the old home manners and .the clean home morals. O-O Because he is invariably mistaken for a Catho- lie, whereas in reality he is a Baptist, is one of the reasons given by Edmtatd William O'Donnell of lgdford, Mass., in a petition filed in the Probate Court, Eas{ Cambridke, in wh}ch he asks that his name be legally changed to Edmund William Don- .ald. in his petition O'Donnell also states that tie is a ,,deetor of physical education and that his pesent name is a hindrance to progress and a difficulty .in his profession. " Eivtaud Willie hould train down here in Ar- kansas and then he would feel right at home with non-Catholics who live and thrive under the sur- names of O'Donnell, O'Cotmell, O'LealT, 0'Nell, O'Rourke, with the Macs of the Bride, Cain, Cann, Clain, Clerlin, Connell, Cormick and Mac, Coy, D ade, Daniel, Dermott, Donald, Farland, Kay, ]inne4r; Mullen and Murray, not forgetting the Murphys and the Sullivans, all of whose ances- tors we're crowded out on the Mayflower and had o take passage on the Shamrock, out of Co/'k or Derry. Edmund Willie must swing a bad Baptist wal- lop with his Irish blood back of it. We hope the Probate Court will have pit:] on him and cut off his capital 0 so that he may get a j ob boing Baptists only.. .. -O-O LABORERS FOR THE HARVEST 19 airing the General Intention for the Poostleship of Prayer for the month of July, the Italy Father seids forth an appeal for more fox'* eign missionaries. F6r a decade or so the cry of distress from heathen lands has been gaining in volume and pitch, so that Catholics the world over can no longer turn a deaf ear to this plea for more laborers in Christ's vineyard. Not onl3: is the present time auspicious and rich in promise of unprecedented success among the pagan tribes, but a new danger to Catholic missionary efforts is beginning to invade the missionary field. The seed is the Word of God. Should it fall on stony ground or among the briars, all labor is in vain. On the stones it will not germinate, among the briars and weeds it will not grow. Along with Western civilization, the moderns, ,spirit of the West has invaded the East, and every missionary ]nows how hostile that spirit is to the spirit of Christ and His Gospel. Before many years there will be no virgin soil left for the Catholic mis- sionary in he-tthen countries. Modern civilization will have covered them with a growth hostile to the influence of grace. Therefore the cry: Send us more missionaries 'now, before it is too late. Centuries of experience have taught Catholic missionaries the maxim: Do not open a mission, unless you have assurance that the work can be carried on! Indeed, what fruit comes to the planter's labor, if the birds of the.air carry away the seed? Once planted, tile seed must be pro- tected in its growth. We need missionaries to ctrl'y Oll the work begun by their apostolic prede- cessors, and as the seed is multiplying, so the laborers must increase. Yes, the harvest is v'reat, bttt the laborers a-re few. in fact, the entire world is now "white to the harvest." tIow well we cau understand the earnest plea of the IIoly Fathel'!t It is true, we have no less than 10,000 rmssiomi- t )* .. [ ries in h)reitt'n fields, together with 2,.,000 Sisi:ers and 26,000 catec, hists. But what is their number compared to the task before them? Think of the one billion heathens to be converted ! It is a hopeful sign that the missionary idea is spreading so rapidly in our country at the present time. The. Catholic StUdents' Mission Crusade is truly providential, and once our young people are imbued with the mission spirit, the vocations to the missionary life will gradually increase. We have schools and seminaries which train the priest and the Sister for the foreign missions. There is Maryknoll in Ossining, New York; there is St. Columban's Mission House near Omaha, Nebras- ka, and there is St. Mary's Mission House in Techny, Illinois. In a few years we should need more training stations for the ever-increasing army of Christ's laborers in the foreign missions. It is our duty to assist the work above all in prayer. Do not forget the General Intention, and plead to God for more foreign missionaries. E. ........... --O-O ............ -- ..... STABILITY OFTHE HOME Up to the passage of the Oregon law, it was enerally considered by American Constitutional lawyers that the law of out' land with respect to education, and the only sound and sensible peda- gogic theory, was that laid down by the court in State ex. rel, Kelley v. Ferguson, 95 Nebr: 63, 73- 4, namely : "The public school is one of the main bulwarks of our nation, and we would not knowingly do anything to undermine it; but we should be care- ful to avoid permitting our love for this noble in- stitution to cause us to regard it as 'all in all" and destroy both the God-given and constitutional right of a parent to have some voice in the bring- mg up and education of his children .... The State is,nore and more taking hold of the pri- vate affairs of individuals and requiring that they conduct their business affairs honestly and with due regard for the public good. All this is com- mendable and must receive the sanction of every good citizen, but, in this age of agitation, such as the world has never known before, we want to be careful lest we carry the doctrine of governmental parentalism too far;for, after all is said and done, the prime factar in our scheme of government is the American home." If it be true that the prime factor im our scheme of government is the American home--and who that is informed on the beginnings of our gov- ernment, the views of its founders and the his- tory of its development will doubt i .t=--then a men- ace to the home is a danger to the nation. If pa- rental authority be nullified, how can the home exists? The authority of the parents is the foun- dation upon which the home rests. Take that away and its stability is destroyed, its doom seal- ed. The very word loses its meaning. For how could the home endure if a man's dearest posses- sion, his child, could be taken from under his au- thority, deprived of the education which the par- ent considers essential to character and right thinking, and perhaps even taught things which ].would be abhorrent to the parent's moral senseY lnder such a system a moral chasm would be created between parents and their children. The home fires of affection and respect would be tarn- ed quicldy into ashes of hatred and mistrust. The joy of family life would give way to the desola*- lion of selfishness. The law of nature, ,so far as human purpose could bring it about, would be replaced by the design of anarchy That, indeed, is what has been done in Russis and that must be the inevitable consequence of system under which the state undermines the home by asserting complete jurisdiction over children in disregard of parental rights. And yet this policy, rejected as it has been by all civilized nations, as we have shown, is seri- ously proposed as a means to better American- ism. God pity our people if such folly can gain any great support among them. Only the ignor- ant and fanatical could entertain the delusion that such a policy would make for national improve- ment. To the intelligent and well informed, such an idea will be considered an absurdity in all but the menace its adoption by a sovereign State pre- sents. Catholics will do their best to prevent the threatened national calamity of having such a per icy prevail. They will be actuated by no selfish motives in their determined opposition to this in- vasion of the people's saci'id rights. They see clearly a duty to country, as well as to religion, in the issue which has been thrust upon them. Their ardor in the judicial fight to be waged will be intensified by the knowledge that, in defend- ing their own schools, they will also be safe- guarding the cornerstone of American liberty .... the home. O-O LESS AND fIETTIs"I? LEGISLATION . Probal)ly 20,0(}0 bill; of various kinds-----for big things and little tMngs, for wise things and fool- ish things--dntrodueed into this Congress. died with the legal adjournment on [;he third of March. And most of them should never h-lye seen tile day. It has become an obsession with the Arnerican people o crowd in most demanding way upon the attention of their Senators and their Colgress- men for new laws. Ah'eady we have too many. Fewer laws and better observance is whal the na- tion needs. The appalling wastage of time and money is be- ginning to get on the nerves of the American tax- payer. Outside of war appropriations---those made necessary by the Great War--we have in- creased the cost of Federal Government four time over since the year 1913. We are piling bureau upon bureau and commis- sion upon commission until the whole "fabric has become so cumberous and so costly as to threaten the breaking of the taxpayer's back. If out of it we got really good goverrment thete might be some consolation. But some of the most patriotic and observant men and women are compelled to admit that in the multiplication of mechanism the real utility of the machinery of government is being sacrificed. One great trouble is the pliancy of the Senator pr Congressman ,to whom appeal is made by con- stiuents. Someone has the idea that a certain thing would be of value if promoted for the na- tion at large or for his particular locality or for the whim of the moment; and he rushes to his Congressman or Senator asking for .a Federal Statute--and incidentally for an appropriation. There seems to be a fancy that the Government can appropriate to an unlimited extent, an'd that large appropriations spent in localities or in the nation at large will promote prosperity. In reali- ty the Government can only appropriate what it takes in. And every dollar of outlay must be cov- ered by a dollar of income. Eventually the people pay the taxes directly or indirectly, and the mul- tiplying costs of government are falling with heavier burden upon the masses. We cannot go back to normal times; we cannot expect any considerable reduction in the cost of living while the cost of Federal GovernnIent re- main at its present figure--for local govern- ment imitates in its outlay the National Govern- ment. There is a rather strange manifestation in this particular matter. Nearly every Senator or Con- gressman will deplore the condition while still adding to it. He does not feel free to write to his constituents and tell them he will not introduce[ bills at their request. He does not feel free to write to the taxpayers in his own State or dis- trict that he will not attempt to perpetrate raids on he national treasury. He does not feel free to say to them that he is acting in their int.rests as in the interest of all citizens and taxpayers of the land when he refuseg special requests which never ought to be granted. And so he goes on piling up the bills in Congress until they reach 20,000 or 30,000 for each biennial 9cried---not one-hundredth of which have any possibility of becoming' law and not one-tenth part of which ought to become law. Junius Ctmnning Quincy in Tth. ,0-0 SUCCESS AND UNSUCCESS Optimism, deep thankfulness for the opportu- nities of the past and glowing hopes for the fu- ture, was the dominant note at the recent com- mencement exercises of Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pa. Congratulating the young men and women graduates, Bishop Boyle, as Chancellor, presented them with a line of thoughtful consideration as to their success when life, its living and its labors was their very own. The Bishop told them: "The difference between success and unsuc- cess in life is the difference between one man's gapacity, and another man's lack of capacity, for 2reat and sustained effort. Almost anyone can begin; those that finish successfully in spite of EDITORIAL THE OTHER SIDE. More Protestant superstition. Many Alexandria, Egypt, learning that Lady had planned to take her husband's body England on a certain steamer, bookings on that particular steamer for the curse of Tutanldlamen might follow No, these were not ignorant Irish enlightened English Protestants, m6dern "culchaw," and the last word in --The t:eg'itcr a).d Extemion. Toronto,. ........................ 0-0 .......... :; ..... _ GE, TTING AAOT ND u HE LAW Should tile Yeoman Lodge wish to $10,000,000 children's home in Oregon, General Van Winlde holds that it could the compulsory public school law people last November by following a district of its own 1;o embrace the tution.--l'ress report. The ten milliol investment does look 4;o lc go, and if there is a way to Oregon let.'s find it;. llut if this sor of., cm be 1)raeticcl in 4he case of the school why noL in lhe case of oLher } schools?-. 7'he Sui,iI. Port}and, Oi',,_,on.' ......................... o-o ..................... IN TI!E LITI'IIAIY SHOP The "Literary Lo/)by" of the Ncw ,ing Po,.t. in the recent isstle, remarks nmnber o:t' women crowding to the American letters. Only one aCtholie namedKathleen Norris. it is difticult to stand why more Catholic women do not compete in the literary shop, department of prose fiction. There summate artist hidden in our women of fine mental poise, breadth power of expression whose work, equal the sustained and beautiful pages Johnston or Willa Sibert Cather. The get, Belleville, Illinois. O-O --- MODERN LECTURES. Some of the lectures, especially those thought and kindred topics which we see advertised and of which we read the in the report., giv,er by o.ur daily .pa make us think that we had actually eration of haft-wits. Apparently, large of the community have lost their hold on elementary truths of common sense and even the most inane and insipid message elation of great value. This goes to when men give up their religious c also lose the critical faculty to distin from nonsense. By experience it is thus that religion makes for intellectual Stadard ad Times, Philadelphia, Pa. difficulties and in the face of di., have done a great work well. "A good deal of thought, a great ventive genius, are devoted nowadays to effort. An astonishing amount of m pended merely to provide pleasure. A osophy has been built up to rid the world Yet, wherever men have made ver men have lifted themselves above lows, it was because they sacrificed that was pleasant, to embrace pain. There scholars today, there will be no, scholars row, no authorities in law, mddicine, business, who will not 'live laborious shun delights.' It is the price we must success. It is true, very oddly true, keen and high pleasure in sacrifice." Where men are thrown upon their sources, and forced to rely upon we discover progress. Ln the space of years, Florence, a little city-state of times, produced more men of genius works of genius than any other produced in  hundred years. Their own every succeeding age acclaimed them su seems to be a law of life that wherever absolutely thrown upon their own achieve that degree of develo duce those rare explosions that we call If you need a man to manage a great be a leader in law, in art, 5n commerce, a little group where men are forced by stances to develop themselves into experts. degree in which they are obliged to themselves and put forth sustained effort, degree will they progress. The tendency today is more and more effort. People seek to avoid family social duties, and their legitimate share burdens, because these mean pain, fort. My advice, to the graduates is: not  pain, not to seek pleasure, but to aim ness. It is true in every walk of who becomes more and more capable of effort has the key to success. All to him. The will to work is the open only in these modern times but in all