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June 26, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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June 26, 1920

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PAGE IrGHT_ i i i i [ I I , ,... i i I I I THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, jUNE 26, 1920. I " III" p-nmar trrtlO Ithe very voice of God, then one can- "',Pk, VJi3 , not but fall down in admiration o00I['ABOR'S LEADERSHIP m- n|pJu I)lliIHMStthis young Virgin, chosen directly by I "IU rlhl.IUl[ I l.,.,,.m. ,  • - IGod as His envoy and messenger. Not I . ------" - ........ only that, but the admiration fort ---"" RELIGIOUS ISSUE FULL TEXT OF ALLOCUTION zr ' _ ............. naor, Joan of Arc must go to the length ofl ST. Pl'l •'l' "''-ANF recognizing that she could not act 'TO CANONIZATION OF JOAN U otherwise than she did and that it l ANTI-CHRISTIAN COLLEGE TRAINING OF WORK- ARC. was because she acted as she must INGMEN IN ENGLAND STARTS CATHOLIC only that we regret, that it is our self not Pius X present here today. Happy indeed we should have been to be present at the ononization of Joan of Arc but how we should have preferred to be in just the violet of 1909 if the venerated Pontiff who conferred on us the fullness of the priesthood could have lived to sit to- "day in the Chair of Peter. It is a happiness to us to recall the memory of that ceremony for surely it must move the hearts of all present here today. And it moves us the more in the certainty that v'e feel that Plus X, though taken from the sight of men, is present with us on this day that surely he foresaw when the first news was brought to him of the miracles wrought at the intercession of Joan of Are aready proclaimed Blessed. Confirms History. "But after paying 'the tribute of recollection to bur Predecessor we cannot but express the great joy we feel that it has been granted us to crown Joan of Are with the glory of the Saints. .In carrying out thls high office We know that we. have been pViviqged to do something which goes straight home to the hearts of our beloved children of France. For long centuries their de- votion to Joan of Arc has been such that they have wished her name to be held in honor and loved among all the peoples. So grateful were theY l for all the good she brought hor i country that they have made every child in every little village know her great story. How, then, could tha story be better carried to the confines of the earth than by a Degree of Canonization? What more eloquent more universal proclamation of her merits could there be than the Decree ell Sanctication which no single corner of the earth can fail to hear? From today on for children who from simple curiosity want to know some detail of the life of Joan, the answer of the French mother is ready in two words: "She is a Saint." Joan is a Saint; and we can now think bf no failing in the Maid of Domremy, w think instead of every height and glory of virtue. That is the sublime eloquence of a Degree of Canoniza- tion which not only confirms the re- searches of historians but gives them greater light than could be brought by all the disquisitions of the "learned, stam.pivg them with that surety Of truth and universality of doctrine which the most learned word and the closest study here on earth cannot claim. So it is no surprise,to us that the Canonization of Joan of Arc has brought to Rome so great a number of pilgrims despite the length of the journey and the difficulties of the present times. / Teacheg Solemn Lesson. "Thel Decree oi* Canonization of Joan of Arc is not the production of an academy of history of science; it must never be forgotten that it is the fruit of the magisterium of the Church. For that reason we are sure that the many pilgrims present in Rome on the memorable occasion will only see the Decree in the honor pain to one of the greatest of their people but will think, of the solemn lesson to be learned from it, which ia in the intention of the Church for the up. lifting to 'moral perfection of her children. And if the French are the first to, profit by it it will be for the happiness of all friends of France, for tan figure of Joan of Are is such that it cannot,be understood without the light of the supernatural. Force of Cl. "Withdut this light there would be too nuch that is inexplicab!e in a girl who was faced with all the undertak- ings of war but was not hinderea either by her youth or her girlhood. If, on the othdr hand, one remembers that Joan had no thought, said no word, did no act, from natural motive - ,.tee, but was moved to do all e ";' 'by the sense-of.the super- natural or, to use a better phrase, b (By N. C. W. C. News Service) that • she. has become a saint. Rome, June 1.---The full text of the .Secret of Her Sanctity. ...... 1' "Thus we have shown naturally-- Pope's allocutmn to the rencn pl.:[almos t involuritariiy, one might say-- grims in St. Peter's was as IOlmWS.lthe secret of the Sanctityo Joan. Recalls Memories. . , _]We are not SOmT to have done so for: "How many memorms, yesroaY]it brings us back to what 'e said be- recalls, and how many today war re-|_ • , .fore, that the Decree of Canoniza- call for those who were presen eleven ......... % ^ . . ......... .e tlon OI l:no lVlal(10I urleans contains eas ago at the lea)imauon oz , Y " " a mson that the Church has to teach Joan of Arc and have been happy all its children for their spiritua witnesses also of her Canonization But the thing is so natural that Our progress. How often, beloved child . ren, have you heard it said that the Venerable Brother the Bishop ° Christian must follow the voice of Orleans begun his eloquent discourse ....... , • t,ou i nat is to sa that he' must b recalling those happy memories .... " , . Y . ouow. nml practice the precepts urselves cannot share them oe- , We o . •  wnich the Lord lays down for him cause we were not fortunate enough ..... " of eizner airecry or through those who to be resent at the Canoniza'on ' P .... represent his authority, for the corn- the Mind of Orleans But iz m easy " " mandments of God and of the Church to recall that ceremony in imagina- are so many voices of the Lord. But tion and put it side by side with that' inasmuch as teaching by example is of-yestexiay. There Lq one thing always the most eloquent, very often Cod raises privileged souls in whom the observance of the Divine precepts m more continuous: and constant, moe generous and universal. Among these souls appears today radiant the figure of Joan of Arc who allowed the voice of God to lead her in every thing" and every place. Expresses Hope. "No need to say more to point out the lesson in the moral order that toe Church has just given with the De - cree of Canonization of Joan of Are. But we must express the hope that all to whom it has been brought will profit by it for the sanctification of their souls. This hope we express in special manner for our beloved children of France, for unless they observe this lesson they can never at- tain that happiness which we ardent- ly desire for them, and because we believe that Saint Joan of Arc her- self in Heaven desires above all things that her example may draw her people to good. ; Happiness of France. ' "How often on the lips of the French people who have come to us these days has been the hope and prayer that the celebration of the canonization of Joan of Are may help to increase the glory, and the happi- ness of France. This hope and prayer we make ours too, both for "the French. nation and every single French person. But, in order that this common desire may be attainea, we add to It the. Apostolic Benedic- tion which shall be at the same time witness of 'Our benevolence and pledge of Divine favors. , Prays for France. "O Ird Almighty Who to save France spoke one day to Joan and with Your very voice howed her the way to follow to put an end to the troubles with which her country was afflicted, speak again today not only I to the French people present here but: also to those who can only be here in spirit andbetter stillto all who have at heart the good of France. Speak, Lord, and may Your word be the blessing to uphold the Bishops and may it facilitate for the authori- ties, whose .worthy rpresentati'ves we greet here today, the charge of ensuring the true greatness of the country; may it bring home to all the French people the need of following the voice of God that it may be given to all, after hayihg followed the ex- ample of Joan of Arc xlown here, to share one day, in the glory of the heroine before whom we have the JQ> kneeling saying: Saint Joan ox Arc pray for us, Saint Joan of Are pray for your country." PRIEST DESCENDANT OF WASHINGTON (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Emmitsburg, Md., June 21.--Ray, Father Richard B. Washington, great- grandnephew of General Washington and great-grandsbn of John" Wash- ington, brother of the .first president, has been assigned to a parish in Richmond, a., the State which was the home of his man distinguished ancestors. Father Washington was ordained at Mr. St. Ymry's ,College here on une 15. The young priest's grandfather, Col• John A. Washington,.was thlast of the family to hold possession of I Mr. Vernon, the first" President's l home.  . '..[ Father Washington was . celved[ into the Catholic'Church in 1912 tl AtLanta, Go, and later went to Rome to sdy for the priesthood. He spent a year at the .American College in Rome, and then entered Mt.' St. 'Mary's College to complete his course in theolog and philosophy. ' Two of Father Waskington's cousins and one of .his Uncles are bishops of the Episcopal Church. He is the second of his family to attend Mt. St. Mary's College. George ,W. .Wasl- lngton, a .nephew of.the F General, was em'olled there from I828to 1836. ,..../ EDUCATIONAL MOVEMENT. By HENRY SOblERVILLE (Written exclusively for London, June 12.In the year be fore the Great War, when industrial struggles in England were almost as menacing as they have been since the armistice, a leading review published a]sensational article entitled: "The Brains Behind the Labor Umest." The article showed how largely the leadership of the most aggressive ele- ments in the labor movement had leen secured by comparatively young  men who had a course of training either at Ruskin College, Oxford, or the Central Labor in London. What was true in 1913, was true in South Wales in 1915, for according to government commissioners, the war strikes in that troublous area were a great extent fomented by col- lege-trained labor leaders. Stm, more recently, we had a national rail- my strike in this country that brought us to the brink of civil war. The power of the men turned out from the labor colleges was admitted by the London Times in an editorial entitled: "The Wider Aspects of the Strike." The Times editor said: Are Labor Loaders. "The influential men (it the ra¢lical labor movement) are mid- die-class, intellectuals and work- men who have been through one or other of the labor colleges, where they have imbibed theo- ries about the social and industr- ial order which seem to them per- . fectly true and wise because they do not know enough to detect the fallacies. These men, who are young, are most numerous among the railwaymen and miners, and this is the chief reason why those industries are "the special, though not the only hot-beds of disorder• The young college- trained men, by virtue of their superior intelligence and intellec- tual training, secure an influence in the trade unions out of all proportion to their numbers." This quotation from the Times shows how seriously that newspaper, which is very well-informed if it is not quite impartial, regards the in- fluence of the labor colleges. But it must in fairness be added, that the influence of the college men in the labor movement is not always or even generally with the extremists. Some of the labor leaders who have been the greatest restraining influ- ences have bfen college men. The fact seems to be that the men from the labor colleges are securing leader- ship in the labor movement in virtue of their superior intellectual training, whether they be extremists, as some of them are, or @Aether they be mod- erates. Moreover, a man is often alled an extremist by the capital- istic newspapers when he really , is most conservative and when he has to fight might and main against the hotbeds in labor unions. For example, Frank Hedges, secre- tary of the niners' federation, - is often held up as an example of the extremist leader trained by a labor college• Hodge is a young man who got one of the highest ad most powerful positions in the labor move- meat before he was thirty years of age and there is no doubt,he owes his success to the training he got at Ruskin Cllege. But he is no ex- tremist. On the contrary, his great power'has steadily been used to mod- erate the demands of the miners and to stop vie!eat and hasty action. Of course he is  militant advocate of the claims of labor, and le is resolute in advan'ing the cause of the miners. As chief leader of the miners he is th6ught to, be*'extreme' by the 'mine owners, but if he stepped out the mine owners would find that a whip had been xchange4 for a scorpion. The point to be emphasize is not "that the labor colleges are turning out revolutionaries, but that they ar turning out leadem. Education tells in the labor movement as elsewhere. Knvledge Is power. The labor 'col- leges are still very young institutions. They have a comparatively smart number of students and the students ae still young men. Nevertheless, a considetble proportion of the labor • ' • I members of Parhament and presz- dent of labor unions and other lead- ing men ,in' the qabor movement are marl who hmfe come from these cm- leges. The Labor Colleges. There are only two labor colleges of importance and with years of standing. During the last couple 'of years four or five small labor col- leges have been started in different parts of the €ountw, and though.tAle 'sh0w theeInCreasing value. ;aehed by the labor movement to hese' in- N. C. W. C. News Service) stitutions we need nat speak of them in detail. The two principal colleges are Ruskin Colege, Oxford, and the are Ruskin College, Oxford, and the though these two colleges h.ave much in common they are also very dif- ferent from each other and are, as a :matter of fact, bitter rivals and enemies• Ruskin College was stmed twenty years ago, not by labor movement, but by a wealthy American name( Mr. Vrooman. The founder's idea was not the training of labor leaders, but the giving to manual workers the opportunity of acquiring Oxford cul ture so as to brighten their own lives and the lives of their fellows when they went back to work at their old occupatidns. However the college de- veloped on unintended lines. The men who came were more anxious to learn about economics and polities I titan about art and poetry. Their chief aspirations were not for liberal culture, but for social reforms and the "emancipation of labor." / Disruptive Teaching of an AlOState. Dennis Hird became principal of the college. Hird had been a prot- estant clergyman but renounced Christianity and became an apostle of everything disruptive. The men who studied under him left the college ranting, class-conscious Marxian Soc- ialists and trained agitators. So scana- alous did things become that the gov- ernors of the college forced the re- signation of Hird. There was an acute crisis and the students, who were under Hird's influence, and for the most part favored him, went "on strike" by refusing to attend any lec- tures except those of Hird. The strikers were expelled. The college was reorganized and a new principal appointed and the governing body be- came exclusively representative of labor organizations, though this gov- erning body was, in the true sense of the words, moderate and conservative. Hird and the striking students start- ed a new institution; the Central Imbor College, in London, receiving the support of two or three labor unions, but the majority of the labor unions supported the reorganized Ruskin College. Ruskin College taught economics and political science but proceeded very much along the orthodox lines of Oxford University and the students wrote the university examinations in these subjects. The Central Labor College, on the other hand, fulminated against orthodox economfcs as being "capitalistic" and gave its own men only the pure milk of Marx. It denounced Ruskin Col- lege as having been "hobbled" by the university, and thus bythe capital- istic interests. The Central Ibor College never tires of proclaiming its own object to be the training or revo- lutionary leaders.for the class war; it is rigidly Marxian. The Ruskin College men have a broader education and tey are none the worse labor leaders for that• On the. whole the Ruskin College graduates, though thef have been a power in labor move- ment, have been a power making for sane and ordered progres§. he Central Labor College men have been rather powerful for mischief• Conditions Catholics Must Meet. For Catholics, however, the main point of interest is the demonstrated fact that labor colleges are the train- ing grounds of the labor leaders. Leadership in the labor movement goes to the men who are educated and trained and these men are able to impress their principles, whether they be conservative or radical, on the rank and file. It is, evident that unless we have our share of trained and educated Catholic workingmen we shall not share in the lead- ership of labor. Yet the great bulk of our Catholic people in this country are working people and in social and political matters their in- terests and sympathies are largely with labor. If, therefore, we are to have any part in labor's leadership, we must have our Catholic men edu- cated. Some of them are being e]u- coted at the present labor colleges. This is not necessarily an intolerable position, but it is not an ideal one. Social questions are to a great ex- tent moral ,questions and distinctive Catholic principles arc involed. A Catholic social education is needed for our Catholic worlingmen leaders. This education is given by the study cir61es that exist all over the country; it will be given by the Summer School now in session at Oxford, and it will be given in its greatest completeness in a Catholic labor college. PATRONIZE OUR ADVERTISERS. The Church of the South TEXAS. I ' Hochheim. j During the May storm that swept I through rexas, St. Anne's Church of I this village was "wrested from its I solid stone blocks, twisted ten feet / from its former position and very badly damaged othevise." Immedi- ately after the storm a committee from the parishioners was formed and ara'angement made for the resetting and repairing of the Church. A con- tractor from Shiner was selected. Bandera. At the request of the pastor, ba. F. W. Huntyre, State Treasurer of the Knights of Columbus, organized l a Council here by securing thirty-five .pplications to membership at the first meeting. A lot has been donated for the erection of a K. of C. Hail. A K. of C. band has been organized un- der the direction of Father Tarradel- : los. LOUISIANA. Diocese of Lafayette. The collection for the starting children of Europe totals $2,500. In the Deanery of Lake Charle. 2,160 received the Sacrament of Con- firmation. Very Ray. John Vigliero, who served as chaplain to the famous Washington Artillery during the late war, has been appointed Chancellor of the Diocese of Lafayete. New Orleans. In a big public competitive contest, arranged by the Daughters of the Confederacy, the four best essays on the life of the late General Francis T. Nichols, late Governor and Chief Justice of Louisiana, were contributed by children from the parochla, schools, and the fifth prize' was won by one of the public schools. This was the first time the parochial schools entered the contest. CATHOLIC PROVISION FOR COLORED YOUTH ( By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Rock Castle, Vs., June 18.--The suc- cess of Catholic endeavors to provide for Negro youth of the South a good] industrial education is shown in St. Emman Industrial and Agricultural College, which has just celebrated its ! silver jubilee by graduating the larg- est class in its history. The celebra-I tion of the anniversary and the com- nencement exercise were attended by the Right Ray. D. J. O'Connell, D. D., Bishop of Richmond, and many of the clergy from various Southern cities. Bishop O'Connell and the Very Rev. Edward A. Pace, Ph. D•, of the Catholic University delivered ad- dresses. St. Emma Industrial and Agricul- tural School was founded in 1895 by General and Mrs. Edward Morrell of Philadelphia• Friends of the school point out that in the twenty-five years . • , . • of ts exmtence t has never sohcted a contribution, and this notwithstand- ing that it has not ejoyed exemption NEW USURY OF PROFI TERRIBLE AblERICAN DURING LAST FOUR YEARS• (N. W. C. Dept. of Social Arthur Brisbane, ' ,: ,  .... " ', '. , 2.' ..: .", " . .' %:,"' ." ', i :.., ,'',,. ','". :: .', '., ,( ,  'I : : - , , . :, ' ' Thomas J. Shahan. sailed by some it embodies this tal should get only turn, because the own the capital, and holders a fixed 'efficiency would go After all, the interest on capital nearly as firm a basis compensation for labOX At the present ti of efficiency go to  thbugh,, as sich, they capital. They ma They may never have trial plant in which t  ed. They may know business. But the progress of industry toePartrto them, This p sent-day busine$ the chief sources of usury. DE00TH OF N00rE; lsslble ag th tholic rever ir par flStabli: 01 as p, he ke tUrally the Ich w i add ite, e Which iicalis] cas of famous paintings and sculp-[ SCRIP j tures of the Blessed Virgin, by old masters, are to be produced, is soon New York, June ] to be established at the Catholic Uni- Francis Giget, who d varsity in connection with the work cent's HospitaI here o building the National Shrine of one of the best knot the Immaculate Conception. In this scholars in the Cathol department will be kept also photo-United States. His le graphs' of the shrine in the different ings served to make to many Outside the ar£ul, the cr Ctholic if not i Me the Iexico of the stages of construction and of all cere- monies that mark epochs in its his- tory. The statues of the Blessed Virgin will be exact reproductions of the most noteworthy originals in Italy,' and will be the handiwork of well-known sculp- tors who have been engaged for the purpose. The reproductions will be in Italian marbles, and will be objects of art as well as of devotion, it i announced by the Ray. Dr. Bernard A. MeKeana, secretary to Bishop At the time of  Ove Gigot was a membe .e °f t_h, of St. Joseph's Semi I rs of N.Y. He had preVl ports r ' i "Waent fessor of Scripture ,t " ',at Baltimore seminarie   0 t a known as an author t 00 ot •  Song] troduction to the Stt:,- immediately after ts .I e thou hi#m . to the United St :re /! i..  , in which the students receive instruc- tion in mechanical trades. Many graduates of the school are now en- gaged in business on their own ac- count, and are respected by their white neighbors. Most of those who have remained in the South are said to be prospering. Not far from St. Emma College is the St. Francis de Sales Institute, where colored girls receive training similar in character to ttat given the boys at the former institution. The Institute is under the management and supervision of the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament for Indians and Colored People. Rev. Mother M. Kathetine Drexle is foundress am superior of this Order. ART FOR SHRINE TO BE REPLICAS OF MASTERPIECES Washington, D. C., June 21.--An Italian art department in which rcpli- from. taxation, extra pay to the man There are two thousand acres in l ...... exra emclency oy the plantation surrounding the school. I ly because he is the One thousand acres of this area are ...- ....... • Iwmcn s marie ex( under cultivation. The college equip-labl e by somebod- y ment consists of more than. fiftYlwhy, -- the Plumb Plan is buildings, including extensive shops for the Hearst papers, ,recently an article ern usury, using as his i Luther's statement: "I usurers who lend money at per cent." He might quote the arraignment of usury in the "Condition of Labor" refers to that "rapacious although more than once by the Church, is, a different guise, but injustice, still practiced and grasping men." cludes modern usury as chief methods used by the bet of very rich men" the teeming masses of poor a yoke little better itself." The usury of goes now by the flame of Usury has been but recent revelations . that it has been practiced last five years in an ion. Mr. Lauck's of profiteering, nmde ncction with raih'oad for higimr wages, were figure attested to a corporations and ;sized financial manuals. gone unchallenged and rible indictment of the u eerlng of 'American ing the ]a-st four or five Father John A. Ryan coming book, "Social recommends that capital to a certain fixed the gains due to who have caused the says: "Suppose it that no matter how hess is, the stockholderS us say, only 6 or 7 extra gains are stockholders in the dividend, they go o co*rporation, the board they are responsible secretary, and all the tire managers and such an arangement the know how much these ting for their work the amount were criticism would check would be no juggling with profits, so as to amounts in the pocket holders. Under the dead capital is put living brains. Capital deserve extra rewardl ma W beings make a showing. It is not it is unscientific and crate rate of interest o to be the terest ta induce