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Arkansas Catholic
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June 26, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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June 26, 1920

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ID STATES WILL HOLD OUT ges Negotiations Near Dissolution. C. W. C. News Service.) June 21.--The negotia the British premier, Mr. and the soviet envoy, to the restoration of relations between Great Russia has brought much the general public sus- question of the recognition system of govern- th, tablishment el" e dea hon a firm )aSls, ]n avl Vatched. St,?s gove1iment has London ngotiations ureter Every .mow that PRELATES PRAISE PEOPLES' COURTS Tribunals are Administering Scrupul- ous Justice--Catholic Power in Belfast. (ly N. C. W. C, News Service) Du]iin, June 10. Evildoers aie having" an anxious and uricomfortable time in Ireland jlst now. Owing to the vigilant energy at' the Catholic young manhood, ordinary' crimes have almost "ceased. Property stolen in some cases over a year ago has been traced and restored. The RoY el'n" mental police arrangements ]vin ........ :' the young men of ,the country have [et,d. a vohmtary ?').'2e system and judicial machinery. Day after day there are tributes to the scrapulous justice of the decis- ions given by the people's arbitration THE UAItDIAN. SATURDA' jtNE 26, 1920. w--- -- ill I. I : - - ! Persons of Note 2 , .... ,, 2 ....... Very Ray. James M. Kirwin, V. G., of the diocese of Galveston at this writing is in the midst of jubilee fes- tivities. His myriad of friends are celebrating with him, the Silver Jubi- lee of his ordination "The Southerfi Messenger" of last issue covered the event to be this week with the ap- pended foreword of program. Next week, through his personal friend, the Rt. Rev. Monsignor Tobin the Guard- ian will have the full account of "- vvin's great day. The Father ,,  ns fol- --.,. lows: The coming celebration of the sil- ver sacredotal jubilee of the Very, was appointed chaplain, every ma,, leaving front the Cathedral school hall After the storm i n Galveston in September, 1900, Father Kirwin wrote the order putting the city un- der martial law, and performed other duties incident to the 'stress of that period, carrying out the orders of the adjutant general. In 1901 he was awarded a medal by the fire department. He deliver- ed the opening prayer at the laying of the corner stone of the seawall in o and officiated at the closing " *he completion of the .,,... --,memorative exerchdiig  . "': seawall when the makes is carefulty as result of thee 4)b- tile conclusion is reacl':ed this time no basis for an has been reached States to Hold Out. there have been no nego- Washington the question as much under consid- as in London. The clam- resumption of trade rein- Russia has been insistent States. The State De-: faced the dilemma either Great Britain to take this direction or of aban- of unequivocal hos- the Bolshevist govern- apparent futility of the between Krassin and has all but removed one ilemma and now the De- ,as indicated in Secretary to Samuel Gompers, has !elected to hol.d out against with Bolshevism what- which will undoubt- the policy of European Tottering. these deliberations is an situation which has not disclosed. In view of the concerning Bolshevism ot been fulfilled State De- officials will make no at- in advance the course courts. The Right Rev. Monsignor Considine, Galway, bears witness that these courts have justified their ex- istence. The Very Rev. Dean Mack- . of the same county, praises the splendid work that has been aecomp- Rev. James M. Kirwin, Vical General of the Galveston diocese and presi- dent of St. Mary's Seminary, will be a notable event in the ecclesiastical annals of Texas, by reason of the widespread popularity of the jubilar- ian and the active and very import- lished. The prevailing view is that Christians' should regarl it . ....... .- :ant part. he. has filled in the religious .......... land civ,c hie of the State during the mz o nave ne mrge grazing rancnes l as( uarte of a centur- divided amongst the poor tenantry. I P " q y. Anarchy and Chaos. The celebration wil take place on This was not being done. So an- archy and chaos were threatening. These misfortunes have been averted by the courts set up by the people themselves. Their judgments, as Dean Macken affirms, have been ac- knowledged fair and just by all, ir- reupective of political sympathies. "I am," he added, "proud to bear testi- mony to this great truth, and I know I am speaking not only for myself, b-t for nen of the greatest weight and influence throughout the coun- try." Recalls Penal Days. An incident reminiscent of the pen- al days has occurred in Longford. A body of young men marched four deep to mass at Carrickedmond. Three of them were afterwards arrested at daybreak in their homes by the mill- tary and charged with "having taken part in military exercises!" They were sentenced each to fourteen days' imprisonment. The inference from the extraolinary episoae is that now, Tuesday and Wednesday of next week, June 22 and 23, in the city of Galveston. The laity of the city and diocese have taken the initiative in the seculiar observance of the anni- versary, which will begin with a re- ception at the city auditorium on the evening of the 22, when the public in general will be invited to pay theTr respects to Father Kirwin. On Wednesday ramming, June 23, High Mass wil be celebrated at St. Mary's Cathedral. That evening a banquet will be tendered Father Kit- win at Hotel Galvez, at which many distinguished visitors will be, present. B!ographieal keteh. James M. Kirwin, the son of Pat- rick and Mary Ryan Kirwin, was born in Circleville, Ohio, July 1, 1872, where he was educated in the paro- chial school of that city. Later he attended St Mary's College in Ken- tucky, and Mount St. Mary's Semin- ary in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was ordained June, 1895. Father Kirwin manuments Were placed t im*--- in 1905. In 1907 Father Kirwin was a fixate in settling the Southern Pacific dock workers' strike. In 1909 he assisted m putting the saloons out of the resi- dence district of the city. Father Kirwin was appointed president of St. Mary's Seminary in La Porte in 1911, and was made Vic- ar General of the diocese of Galves- ton in Easter, 1912. Prior to that time the seminary lad been a source of expense to the diocese, the annual deficit being some $5,000. Under Fa- ther Kirwin's administration the in- stitution has been conducted without a penny of expense to the diocese; it carries twenty to twenty-five free seminarians on its rolls"and has given the diocese thirty-six priests. When, recently, more accomodations became necessary and a new building was de- termined upon, Father Kirwin wdnt out among his friends and, within six months, raised $100,000 in dono- tions of $I,000 and upwards. Another noteworthy feat was his raising of $25,000 for St. Mary's Or- phanage at Galveston When General Pershing, cOmmand- er of the American Expeditionary, Forces, first went to France, he sought the services of Father Kirwin for the organization and direction of chaplaincy world :in "the 'American army, but pressing and imperative duties at home compelled him to de- TEACHERS' STRIKE IN IRISH SCH00I,S GOVERNMENT FAILED TO PRO- VIDE FUNDS PLEDGED---DE- MANDS MET. (By N. C. W. C. News Sexwice) Dublin, June 12.--The recent strike of the secondary lay teachers in the Catholic schools, which happily has been settled through the generosity of past pupils and the parents of the students in pledging sufficient sums to pay the bonuses demanded, was a very painful incident in Irish educa- tional life. The strike was confined to the Catholic schools, the Protestants be- longing to the secondary teachers as- sociation having separated themselves from that organization when it af- filiated with the labor movement. "'- the Christian Brothers ", in Dublin and other tu,, .,. "-..--4 :b the strikers, rhools, ,. '"" places were pic .... bore the brunt of the embarrassm situation, nany other Catholic insti- tutions were affected. In Limerick all the schools seemed to be involved and a joint statement was issed by the president of St. Munehin's Col- lege, by the Jesuits conducting Mon- gret College and Crescent College and and by the Ray. Mother of Laurel Hill Convent, as well as the superior o the Christian Brothers' schools. Strik#rg Demands Admittedly Just. The terms asked by the strikers in- volved payment of a bonus of 75 pounds to each non-resident register- ed teacher. But,' said the statement of the heads of the Limerick schools, it is impossible for a body of men and women, who from religious motives have voluntarily undertaken to pro- vide education for the people's child- ran, to meet with these demands. The" schools, it was pointed out had no sources of income except the tuition fees paid by parents, which in most cases were merely nominal, and an entirely inadequate governmen grant. They are in. debt nearly nine- teen hundred pounds. To raise the- tuition fees for the current year would be impracticable, and the Christian Brothers, in whose schools the children of the poor were educat- Nevertheless the ow very definite in Wash- .the Bolshevist govern- that it cannot hold longer against the disinte- which have made a of the former empire, that Very short time there will movement on the part of people to establish a re- as in the clays of .Blessed Oliver Plunker, the Catholic church in Ire- hind is officially a dangerous organization." Belfast Catholics. By outsiders Belfast is regarded as a completely an-Catholic city. The fact is that 25 per cent of the popula- tion are Catholics. The Presbyter- ians are the largest Protestant sect government, and that the there, and they number only 33 per of communism will give cent. Every day evidence shows that new and better order of the Catholic spirit of Belfast is deep and active. A remarkable manifesta- May Happen. ]tion of its strength has just been reason for the consewatism given. Following a Retreat in St. Department officials Ex- Peter's Church by the knights, hand- ts shown that in the present maids and pages of the Blessed Sac - state of things in eastern[ rament' a meeting was hehl at which anything might hap- the whole city was represented. The renorts concern-i bject was to consider llans of social - work--urgen{y needed in the North took a post graduate course at tl Catholic University of America (S. T. B.), when he was appointed rector of St Mary's Cathedral of Galveston in August, 1898, which post he has retained since that time. In 1897 Father Kirwin was on duty during the epidemic of yellow fever. In 1898 he raised a regiment for the Spanish-American war, the First U. S. Vol. Infantry, of which he cline the proffered post. . : ed, would not turn away, the child of Upon the death of Rt. Rev. Niche- a poor man unable, or even unwilling las A. Gallgher Father Kirwin ser- ved as administrator of the diocese of Galveston during the vacancy of the See. During the war he was chairman of the four-minute men and chairman of the home service section of the Galveston Chapter, Ameridan Red Cross. --Some oe em:arked, the-oth:, day, '-C:orad take: us-to th: saL e:. that Dr. Grenfell's "Autobiography" ting for his new novel which is of conditions in Russia ar] extreme care. The re- ] of heland. The society, though quite was the coolest book one co,'hl select of the itlca, therefore, lnew' is ready to approach the task. in summer. The greater hart of the ,eriment of Bolshevism is] Fr its membership is already 9,0001Doctor's life, has been spent i La- -r a close is all the more I in(1 new adherents are daily enrolling. ] brador among the Fisher folk, so nat- It hapBens that in Belfast the crud- urally the book would be seasonable. est form of socialism is advocated The tendency to go far afield ha among the workers, the "majority of [ been growing, of late. The South whom swallow the wildest red-cap t Seas has found a definite place'in ic- views imported from England. The tion and travel ever since "The Mdon Knights and Maidens are about to and Sixpence" led the fiction calls , ,  - f start a barrage against this wcmus[some months ago. or sheer lure o teaching words Frederick O'Brien's "In the shadow of the South Seas" has an in- OPPOSE CANDIDATES toxicating effect. He. fills one with FAVORING DIVORCE. a longing to explore ISlands little via- . ited. First one looks at the pictures (By N. C. W. C. News Servic'e') then reads the introduction, samples London, June 10.--At the grea the introduction, becomes lost in. a e I chapter then gives himself up wholls, demonstratmn, held m the Theatr to the charm of the book. He is lost Royal, to protest against divorce and spiritism, there was a scene of won- I in the Seas, that hold Islands as pict- derful enthusiasm, when ArchbishoP iuresque in language as they are in of Birmingham laplearance" Some rare good stories McIntyre,submitted aaUXiliarYreoluton that those pres-' enliven description and the result is a ant should refuse their votes to any book of travel that is so companion- candidates for Parliament Who favo able that one thinks of it as a ben divorce, voyage gife, a volume that is good to Sr Oliver Lodge has returned to have and to hold. England from his lecture tour in the United States, he handed out a slight CATHOLIC COLLEGES MAKE compliment to the American Catho- GOOD SHOYING IN BASEBALh lics, who, he said had been told by against the Bolshevist the authorities of the church not to (By N. C. W. C. News Service) t, ;,, __ehodslattend his lectures. They apparently no rummss m have not succeeded obeyed .the command, for Sir Oliver Washington, D, C., June 24.--CatI. There have been Lodge says that he encountered no olic college teams are conceded by the ; the Bolshevist analpen demonstration against him dur- eastern baseball critics to have grab- bed off the lion's share of the honors mg hm tour almos within the." ' ' in the season just cloud. letrograd. The conclusion The Georgetown nine with a string that, despite the vainglo- ficials are watching with interest the tements of the Bolshevist construction of a new government of of nineteen victories and'only four de- soviet system is but a Germany, a task committed to the feats is regarded as having the best conservative Center or Cathol:c party. I claim toandtheFordhameastern title,are wellWhile Ho:y That it wll long survive is by no lCrss up in means certain, but it is regarded as a i line" Lehigh Lafayette and the Sign that the conservative influences Navy team, all of which were deeat- .ed by Georgetown, are among the "we in the ascendency, and, in view I other teams in the front ranks. of the growing importance of the i Fordham's victory over George- to pay. The fact that the strike came on the eve of the intermediate examin- ations, in which year after year the Catholic schools have consistently shown their superiority over Protest- ants, made the situation particularly unfortunate. A meeting was therefore held in the Synge Street School of the Christian Brothers in Dublin, and parents and pmst pupils organized a fund to he:p meet the demands; A large number of subscriptions we're handed in and )thers promised; A committee to raise, funds sufficient to put the agreement in force was ap-] pinted. British Promse.s Unfulf:lled. [ The misery, of the whole business I ccncerniig the position of the second-] Demoralization. reports .received by the all point to the economic dis- of Russia under commun- approachinff the point ;ation. Transporta- zzed. Trotzky himself there is plenty of "bread in the country but that is the rule. There are raw and labor but the factorm.- Within the past fortnight has received all of hich lead to that the Bolshevist experi- drawing rapidly near the and complete failure. Russia Is Restive. received in Washing- States bordering upon the is to the same ef- Finland and Poland come on first hand evidence the borders that the Russia's people is grow- In many places there is the sea. "The' Rescue" it is called and while personal opinion has to, awmt a reading, the New York Tmes has been forcible in its praise of Mr. Conrad's latest. Christopher Moley has been wield- ing a facile pen since the .appearance of the Haunted Book Shop. A grace- ful story bf Oxford student life haft been embodied in Kathleen, which furnishes a lfleasant hour's reading. A chance letter found in a book signed Iathleen is the beginning of a serial story written by the differ- ent members of one of Oxford's stud- ent clubs. Interest grows to such a point that each contributor resolves to seek a \\;meeting with Kathleen. They resort to many methods to se- cure an introduction. One plays a curate, another a cook, another a gas man, another a policeman, and the complications arising make interest- ing reading Kathleen has charm, simplicity and wholesomeness. It will commend itself particularly to those who have so recently known and enjoyed school life. C. ,| , , exlra innings to Vermont and, Cornell and the defeat at the hands of Mary "and, 3 to 2; The Holy Cross prospect of wining ary school teachers is that thSy ae suffering rom the effects of the un- fulfilled promises of the British gov- ernment In 1917, a sum of 50,00 pounds was voted for Irish secondary education. It was then distinctl stated that the grant was meant to be an equivalent to that voted for Eng- lish education, and that it would vary from year to year as the Englisn grant varied. As in the case of so many othe' English pmises, thi proved fa'.se. No variation was made. Irish see- oridary education got 50,000 pounds in 1915. and 50:000 in 1920. If the grant had varied as the English grant did, Ireland would have received 70: 000 pounds for 1918; 94,000 pounds for 1919, and 126,000 pounds xo, 1920. Not unnaturally, some government officials made the strike situation an argument for the acceptance of the new educational b'll. proposed by Mr. Macpherson and which has me with such vigorous opposition from the Btshops and the people at large that its defeat is virtually conceded,  Ths bill, it was pointed out: would give further financial ad to the Irish schools. But the mean maneotvers the popular verdict was dimmed [ of the government in wtthholdint; by the loss of a 1 to 0 battle withlwhat is justly due in order to jam Harvard the same afternoon that l through an ohnoxious measure was Georgetown was riding to a 6 to 51keenly resented and had no effect in victory over Prineetown. " I changlng public sentiment in its rav- In "the middle west the Notre Dame ] or. In fact it has made the Irish machine did not show the finish that ueopl more and more conscious of has kept that institution in the lime- the fact that to get substantial Jus. PAGE FIVR PRIEST SCIENTIST RECEIVES DEGREE High Honol  for Abbe Breuil, Who Proved Culture of Men of Remote Periods. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Paris, June 12.--The award of an honorary doctorate by the University of Cambridge, on May 19, when de- grees Were also conferred upon Vis- count Jellicoe and Earl Haig, to the Abbe Henri Breuil, is a well-deserved recognition which will be widely ap- preciated in France and throughout the learned world. Born at Mortain (Manchc), in 1877, and ordained in 1900, the Abbe was educated at St. Sulpice, where his professor, noting his interest in science, turned h thoughts to prehistoric days Having studied science at the Sor- bonne and the Institute Catholique of Paris, he made his first tour of 'the caves of the Bordogne and the Pyre- nees in 1897, and published the re- " "'- -'-azches !nD, the Stone. suits o1: ns ,. and Bronze ages in "Anthropoos.. Thenceforth he devoted himself, along with others, to the. study of the paint- ed caves of France and Spain, a work which in 1904 the Prince of Monaco took under his patronage, and guar- anteed the publication of its results. To the Abbe Bread's artistic talem are due all the tracings and drawings of the wonders of cave art in Dor- dogne, the Pyrenees, and Cantabria, and he has cooperated in almost all the books on prehistory published in Europe by various savants, and le has himself written a large number 'of articles and papers on prehistoric man and his work. In 1905 the Uni- versity of Fribourg (Switzerlmad) ap- pointed him Supernumerary Profes- sor of Prehistory, and when five years later the Frince of Manaeo fatrnded the Institute of Human PaIaeontology at Paris, the Abbe was'nominated one of its tirst professors. In presenting the Abbe for his de- gree in the Senate, the Cambridge Public Orator said: "Concerning the origin of the human race there have been in the past many controversies and the problem is not yet solved. The question whether we came from a monkey or an angel has been hotly debated. With a few bones they had found, some have re- constructed the pithecanthropum with- out the spark of intelligence Our guest, on the contrary, in his exp',ora- tions of aves and grottoes in France and Spain, has found the dwelling places of our ancestors full of draw- ings and paintings .which prove that they had reached before many thou- sand years ago an exceedingly hign stage of civilization. They knew sd well how to use lines and colors, they had observed life so closely, that their painting of a stag looking back with open mouth and moving" his tired limbs would give the sensation of life. Tim teeth and hair of the primitive elephant, the blunt nose of the horse, the wool of the rhinoceros, were known to them an(] painted by them. "It is with joy, therefore, that we g'reet the Abbe who has vimlicated the claim of our race to humanity" All the recipients of degrees were after-arts entertained to luncheon by the.. vice-chancellor, when EaE Haig and the Abbe Breuil responded to the toast of the new doctors. On the pre- vlous evening they had been present at a dinner given in their honor at St. John's College, and at which Prince Albert and Prince Henry were pres- ent. Earlier in the afternoon Father l.arsha'.l held a ception at the Catholic Chaplaincy of the Catholic members of the university to meet the Abbe. It was an informal gath- ering, but it afforded an opportunity to express to him the satisfaction felt that a priest-scientist should be receiv- ing such signal recognition at Cam- bridge. OPERA BUILDED ON THE LEGEND OF ST. CHRISTOPHER (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Paris, June 10.Relig:ous inspira- tion is the motif of an opera which theatergoers are applauding and critics are praising, without knowing whether to classify it as an oratoria with modern effects, or a return .to the operatic principles of the me- dieval stage. This is "The Legend of St. Christopher," which is being presented at the Paris Opera. The "Legend" is designed, says it. author, the French poet-composer, Vinceht d'Indy to preach a sea,non and impart a'sense of, Christian fer- vor. Although this end may not hght m former years while on the ltme. they must rule themselves, be attained successfull_.y, the o eran the armies on the Pol ..... r , Pacffm Coast neither St Mary s no ' " I .... represents at least a departure from Santa Clara exhibited e class of , , frontiers are the mere " ' .}] ADVERSrIIES. the round of farces and musical corn- ;hat the disintegration from heir ,almier days. ' edies to which Paris has long been bring about the collapse . , . ," I ,  , '  "' "  ' " " in s accustomed The adversities and trbulat n. . , " Ascendancy. HEART'S IMPRESS. l " :' " e-i-" -'-ces -nd those M. d Indy says that he worked on is held out. therefore, al- '  oz are a.e sp cat gra , a ,, , ' -------*  " "- -^ ^-;-^a ' ^a ^serves the Legend of St. Christopher' tv :: is a slender hope, that the[ Catholic parties in other European i mosl; ,u u u ..........  .... con ved and'  ' " ' , .... I seven yea,'s It m sad that arrange- a m ; the radicalism which[countries, the experiment is being town, after sustaining defeatat the When you have ca" P'q'lthem Tot His ueares rienos. e-I . .22'_ ..... :" raised friendsh mpress its duties n as such wth a mens wm De mane o presen na the wake of" the war haslwatched with more than ordinary in- hands of the Hilltop nine earlier in "P, " [cede'them, the , "" P " o era n New York n x" " that Europe will soon b |nlterest. It he season, was one of the features of on your heart. They am manyLtience eonstdme" and o- St Jo - p i e  autumn. , . , , J  j, t to go about the task of[ .... i the final stages. The other defeats they are nothing less than makmzl senh of, Cunertino [  sober reeonstrueti0n. In I We should support a paper that de- I sustained by Georgetown wore th yourself worthy of. your fend all, Madonna Wrist, Bracelets--gold anl State Department of-fends our religion, games dropped by 5 to 4 counts in your 4ifetime.--Pellico. PATRONIZE OUR ADVERTISERS. silver, $4.00BOOKERY, ( ':i