Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
June 24, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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June 24, 1911
 

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Page Eight THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN PROOF OF THE PIETY OF THE EARLY SETTLERS (Continued from page 6) igan, Pennsylvania and Minnesota, St. Clara being a town in West Vir- ginia. St. Michael is honored in Arizano, Indiana, Louisiana, Minnesota, Wis- consin, Alaska and Ohio. Two St. Nicholas' are found, one ira Indiana and one in Minnesota. St. Philip is to be found in Indiana, LouiMana and Wisconsin; St. Rose in Illinois and Ohio; St. Stcphens in Ne- braska, Ohio and Wyoming; St. Vin- cent is to be f(mnd in Arkansas, Cali- fornia. Kentucky, North I)akota and Pennsylvania. Cities named in honor of St. Ann, the Mother of the Blessed Virgin, are to l)e found in Minnesota, Wisconsin, ]linois and Indiana. There arc three St. Augustincs, Florida, l llinois and Pennsylvania; the same numher of St. Benedicts, Iowa, Kansas and Louisiana. St. Boniface has two cities nanled after him, one in l-'ennsylvania antl one in Minnesota. St. Martin has four cities named in his tmnor, one each in tile States of Indiana, Minnesota, Ohio and Wis- consin. Other saints thus honored are: St. Agatha. Maine; St. Alban, Vernlont; St. Aloysius, North Dakota; St. Am- brose, Florida; St. Anlelia, Louisiana; St. Andrew. Oregon; St. Augusta, Minnesota; St. Brigid, Kansas; St. Cecilia. Iowa; St. Clenlent, Missouri; St. David, Maine; St. Denis. hldiana; St. Donatus, Iowa; St. Edward, Ne- braska, St. Elixabeth, Missouri; St. Florian, Alahama; St. Gabriel, Louis- iana; St. Genevieve, Missouri; St. Hedwig, Texas; St. Ignatius. Mou- tana. and the sanle saint under the nanle of St. lgnace in Michigan; St. Kilian, Minnesota; St. Liborius, Illi- mils and in Nebraska; St. Nazianzen, Wisconsin; St. Placidius, North Da- kota; St. Regis, New York; St. Sehas- tan, Illinois; St. Theresa, Iowa; St. Walburga, Minnesota. The nanles referred to as being given to localities hy Spanish Cath- olics are: San Andreas, California; San Angelo, Texas; San Ansehno, California; San Antonio, in Texas, Florida and New Mexico; San Ber- nardina, San Buenaventura, San Diego, California, with another San Diego in Texas; San Fernando, San .luan Baptista, San Puan Cal)istrano, California; San Gabriel, San Jose, California; San Juan de los Cabelle- ros, New Mexico; San Leander Cali- fornia; San Luis, Colorado; San Luis Obispo, San Luis Rey, California; San Martial, New Mexico; San Marcos, Texas; San Mateo, California; San Miguel, New Mexico; San Pablo, Cal- ifornia; San Patricio, Texas; San Pe- dro, San Rafael, Santa Aria, Santa Barbara, Santa Catalina. Santa Clara, Santa Maria, Santa Monica, Santa Paul, Santa Rosa and Santa Ynex, California. ENCYCLICkL LETTER (Continued from psge 5) arates itself from tile Church iu such a way as to leave her uo means what- ever to maintain tile decormn of tile House of God, to support the minis- ters of religion, to carry on her mani- fold offices of charity and piety. For, according to the t)rescriptions of this law, the Church is not only ejected from the possession of all property, real and personal, that helongs to her, no matter how good her title, but she is even deprived of the faculty of ac- (luiring anything for the future. For it is enacted that certain hodies of citizens are to regulate the exercise of puMic worship, but tile faculty grant- ed to these to receive what is offered for the purpose is circumscribed with- in incredibly narrow limits. Moreover, the law extinguishes and annuls all those obligations by force of which Catholics were wont to give certain sunls and subsidies to the head of their respective parishes, and for- bids that anything he exacted ou such grounds for the future. ]t does, in- dee(I, allow Catholics to provide hy voluntary subscriptions for the ex- pense of divine worship, 1)ut at the same time it orders that one-third of the ammmts raised for this purpose must be suhtracted and asigned to lmrposes of civil heneticence. And, to crown all this, any buildings which may be acquired or constructed after the passing of the present law for slt- cred uses are, after the lapse of a certain nunfl)er of years, to be taken fronl their legitimate possessors with- out any co:nl)ensation and to become the l)rol)erty of tile State. But it is in those matters in which tile sacred power of tile Church is properly concerned that are to be seen the gravest and most pernicious effects of this mockery of separation, which, as we have said, reduces tile Chnrch to a shanaeful servitude. First of all the Heiarchy is ahsolutely ig- nored aud set aside. When any men- tiou is made of nlen in sacred orders it is to interdict them from taking auy part whatever in the ordering of public worship. The entire control of this is handed over to associatlous of laymen, which have been or are to be instituted for public beneficence, and instituted by the authority of the republic in such a way as to have no dependence on tile power of tile Church. ]f the clergy have any dif- ferences with the laity regarding the association entrusted with this office :he matter is to be decided by tile ver- dict, not of tile Church, hut of the re- mblie, which alone has opwer over these hodies. And in the ordering of divine worship the rulers of affairs in Portugal have pushed tile exclusion of the clergy so far its openly to pre- scrihe and enact that those who are dedicated to the religious ministry cannot be elected to the parochial councils or to form part of the ad- ministration or government of the as- sociations we have mentioned. No more iniquitous or intolerable pres- i , , crqmon couhl be imagined, seeing that it places the clergy in a condi- tion inferior to other citizens in the very matter in which the clergy are l) re-eminent. The fetters with which the Portu- guese law binds and iml)edes the lib- erty of the Church ahn(,st surl)asses belief, so contrary are they to mod- ern institutions and to tile public l)roclanlations of liberty of all kinds, and so unworthy of any civilized peo- ple. It is forbidden under severe pen- alties, willmut the permission of the relml)lic, to print the acts of the Bishol)s or in any way make them known to the people, even within the walls of the churches. Moreover, it is forl)idden, without the consent of the rel)ublic, to have any ceremonies or proscccions outside the sacred build- ings, or for anybody to wear any sa- ere(1 insignia, or even the cassock itself. Again, it is l)rohil)ited to place any eml)lenl relating to tile Catholic religion not only on 1)ul)lic monu- ments, lint even on l)rivate bonses, but there is no prohil)ition against emblems which offend Catholics. So, too, it is nor'permitted to form a so- ciety for the pronlotion of rcligiou and devotion; such societies are plain- ly treated on the same footing as criminal associations organized for the 1)erpetration of crime. And, while all citizens arc allowed to disposc at their pleasure of what belongs to theul, in the case of Catholics this faculty is restricted, against all right and justice, when they wish to assign something of theirs for tile rcl)osc of tile souls of tile faithful or for tim exl)enses of divine worship, and pious bequests of this kind already made are impiously distorted and turned to other uses, in violation of the wishes and testaments of those who made thenl. Finally--and this is especially griev- ous and serious--the Rel)uhlic does not shrink fronl invading the donlain of tile authority of the Church and mak- ing various prescriptions on a matter which, concerning, as it does, the very constitution of holy orders, clainls the special care of the Church: We nlcan the discipline and. traiuiug of young students to make the literary and other studies which precede the- ology in tile public lyceunls, where their faith is exposed to most inlmi- nent danger on account of the hos- tility of such institutions to God and the Church, but the Republic thrusts itself even into the internal life and management, arrogating to itself tile right of appointing the professors, ap- proving the text books and regulating tlle sacred studies of clerics. Thus the oht pratices of the Regalists are revived, and if these were nlost ah- noxious and arrogant while harmony reigned between Church anti State, surely they are contradictory and out of all reason now that tile State wishes to have nothing to do with the Church. And what is to be said of the fact that this law is specially designated to corrupt the morals of the clergy and provoke them to revolt against their superiors? For it assigns certain pen- sions from the treasury to those who ;ire, by the authority of the Bishops, ordered to ahstain from performing the sacred functions, and it confers special beuefits on priests who, ntis- erably unmindful of their offices, dare to go througll the form of nlarriage, and, painfid to relate, it extends the same benefits to the surviving part- ners and offspring of such unions. Hnally, as if it were a little thing that the Relmblic imposes a yoke al- most of slavery on tile despoiled Church in Portugal, it endeavors by all means in its power, on tile one hand to tear it from the 1)osom of Catholic unity and from the comnaun- ion of the Roman Church, and, on the other, to l)rcvcnt the Apostolic See froul exercising its authority and care over the religious affairs of Portugal. Thus by this law it is made illegal to t)ublish lhe commands of the loman Pontiff without the permission of the State. So, too, no priest is allowed to cxcrcisc the sacred ministry who has ol)taincd aeadcmleal degrees in sacred science in any university founded by Pontitical authority, cven though hc has naa(le the course of theology at honle. What the rept:blie aims at in this is cvidcntIto prevcnt young clerics who wish to perfect and com- plete tbcnasch, es in the best studies from coming with this object to Rome, the center of the Catholic worhl, where they have better oppor- tunities than anywhere elsc to fill their minds with the incorrupt truth of Christian teaching and their hearts with sincere affection and loy- alto for the :\\;postolie See. These then, to omit other points equally flagrant, are the chief heads of this iuiquitous law. Therefore tile charge of Our Alms- tolic office adnlonishing us to defend the dignity and honor of religion against all this injustice and effrontery of the enenlies of God, and to uphold tile sacred rights of the Catholic Church, we, by our Apostolic author- ity, stignlatize, condenan and reject this law of separatiou of the Portu- guese Republic and the Church, which despises God and repudiates the pro- fession of Catholicism; which revokes the pacts solemnly made hetween Por- tugal and the Apostolic See, violating the law of nature and of nations; which ousts tile Church from her per- fectly just possession of her property; which oppresses the liberty of tile Church and perverts her divine con- stitution; which, in fine, heaps insult anti contumely on tile nlajesty of tlle Roman Pontificate, on the Order of the Episcopate, on the clergy and lllllllllllll.lllllllllllllllllll m i [] I. [] n [] [] u D m m w [] m m [] m m g [] [] [] g m [] [] m m m m m u m z D D n z [] z m m _-r_ m i i z m m [] [] z m u z [] m m z m m m m m m [] w m i m [] m D [] D m m [] m [] z z m m z 1 ! i TO FI00mb00 Baby Grand Parlor Grand lanos I Are used hy many of the greatest artists all over the civilized worl" Emma Eames-Story writes as follows: W. W. Kimball Conlpany, Chicago, 111., Gentlelnen :- Kindly ship the Kimball Grand I selected at your wareroonls, that it may reach nay home at \\;rallonl- 1)rosa, Italy, by the time of nay return from Anlerica, which will be ahout May Ist. The Kinlball Baby Grand which I purchased for the nlusic room in nly Paris home in 1895 has lost none of its original richness and hrilliancy of tone, and I am more than ever charmed with it. It also has the marvelous quality of kecping in tune. Yours very truly, (S) Emnla Eanles-Story. A great nunlber of leading teachers, colleges and best people throughout Arkansas use and endorse the Kimball Grand Pianos. re cltrry a full line of both the parlor and Baby Grands, and invite inspection and conll)arison. Tile prices (quality considered) are lower thau you can huy auy other standard, high grade Grands for. The heautiful, fnll ronnd tones make the Kimball the most desirable small Grand obtainable. Yore- old piano will make partial payment on a new Grand. Our liberal, flexible terms of paynlents arrange financial affairs to every one's condition. TWO SPECIAL BARGAINS IN USED GRANDS. One Kimball Parlor Grand, handsome mahogany case, in good condition, ahnost like new, original price $75o--now 5oo. One Hallet & Davis Parlor Grand, handsome mahogany case, in good condition, origin- ally sold for $8oo--now $350. ESTABISHED 853. Hollenber00 Music Co. 504-506 MAIN STREET. THE OLDEST, THE LARGEST, THE BEST PIANO HOUSE IN ARKANSAS. THE PUBLIC: A prominent official of one of the Little Rock newspapers was in the Ditto-Wilson Store (formerly MeGrath's) about eleven o'clock Wednesday morning, and after remaining with us for more than an hour, declared this sale the most remarkable and successful one he had ever witnessed. The scene was one never to be forgotten; upstairs and downstairs crowded with eager shoppers, all with smiling faces, taking advantage of the Greatest Bargains ever offered in Little Rock. Our hopes for the. opening day have been realized and our judgment vindicated, that the public would appreciate truthful advertisements and commend us for our energy and progressiveness in capturing this desirable high grade $5o,ooo Ditto-Wilson (formerly McGrath's) stock of merchandise at 45 cents on the dollar and offering it for sale on the same low basis. We again cordially invite you to visit us today. We have increased our already large extra sales force, and promise you rare bargains in every department. We know our best advertisers are now among the hundreds who were in the store Wednesday and Thursday, and who have surely been telling their friends of this wonderful bargain sale.. We received many compliments from our patrons over the per- fect arrangement of the sale; customers could really wait on themselves, as every article in the house was marked in plain figures, and file low prices sold the goods. CALL TO SE US TODAY AT people of Portugal and consequently on all Catholics throughout the world. And, while we vehemently protest against the proposing, passing and pronlulgating of this law, and sol- enmly expostulate with all who have devised it or had a share in it, we at the same time decree and proclainl that everything it contains against the inviolate rights of the Church is :lull and void and to he regarded as such. In truth these most difficult times through which Portugal, after publicly proclahning war on religion, is pass- ing, fill us with deep solicitude and sor- row. \\;Vc grieve at the sight of all the evils which harass a nation very dear to us; we are afflicted by the thought of the still more painful events that impend upon it unless those in au- thority reflect seriously on the duties of their position. But, Venerable Brothers who gov- ern the Church in Portugal, your sur- faith, constancy and nohility of soul, have been witnessed with pleasure by all good people and redound to your. honor and to the protit of suffering Portugal. Continue, therefore, as you have be- gun, to work with all your might for the cause of religion, with which the very salvation of our comnlon coun- try is bound np; but see, first of all, that you diligently maintain and con- firm absolute union and concord'be- tween yourselves, hetween you and the faithful and between all and this Chair of Blessed Peter. For the ob- ject of the anthors of this nefarious law are, as we have said, to separate not from the republic (as they wish it to appear), hut from the Vicar of Jesus Christ the Portuguese Church, which they are despoiling and op- pressing. By meeting and resisting in every way tfiese designs and crim- inal acts of men, you shall be acting Try it and you will be convinced of its delicious flavor. Roasted and packed daily in Little Rock by 1 . 1 9 Formerly Ditto Wilson s, McGrath s Store Fie , tcher Nos. 506-508 Main. St. Coffee and Spice Alth ' D y G d C elnler r oo S ompany. Company illllllllllVllllllllllIl passing virtue, seconded so admirably best for the interests of Catholic P0r- by the zeal of your clergy, greatly tugal. Meanwhile we, with the special cousoles us and fills us with hope affection we cherish for you, will offer that, with the help of God, things will up our prayers to Almighty God to at last take a better turn. For all hless vour diligence and zeal. And of you have remembered, not your you, tile Bishops of the rest of the safety and comfort, but your office Catholic world, will perform the same " and dignity, when you recently repu- office in this crisis for your brothers diated openly, with frank indignation, of Portugal. this iniquitous law of discord, pro- As a harbinger of divine gifts and claiming unanimously that you pre- a pledge of our affection, we most ferred to redeem the liberty of your i lovingly bestow the Apostolic Bene- sacred charge at the cost of all you I diction on all of you, venerable hroth- possessed rather than undergo slavery] ers, and on the clergy and people en- for hire, and declaring that neither ltrusted to your care. craft nor violence of the enemy I Given at Rome, at St. Peter's, on can ever weaken your union with the IMay 25, on the Feast of Our Lady, Ronlan Pontiff. Be assured that the ] Mary, Help of Christians, in the year striking proofs you have given in the I9II, the eighth of ou Pontificate. sight of the universal Church, of P US X POPE. g i Fletcher's i i Rose Bud Coffee i [] [] [] ++ +++ + +++++ + + ++ it- [] I -- -- + + [] [] -[] + 3Lb C $100 * -: _-=_ + - . ans . + - - * 1-Lb C 35 * i o . ans . ,. ++++++++.It.++++++ I i [] [] i i m i I [] i i i i i i .+i+ ,, I II IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII II IIIIIIII !1111111111111111111111 IIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIII I,:__;" I